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Fundamentals Of Inorganic Glasses

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Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses Book
Author : Arun K. Varshneya
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 0080571506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although several fine volumes have been published on special topics in glass, Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses is the first book to provide the breadth required of a comprehensive undergraduate textbook. In a clear tutorial style, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of the composition, structure, and properties of inorganic glasses. Designed to serve as the primary text for "glass science" courses at the upper-undergraduate level, this book facilitates learning with a clear discussion of fundamental concepts, chapter-ending problem sets, an emphasis on key ideas, and timely notes on suggested readings. Professor Varshneya has filled a gap in the existing literature by providing a textbook that is uniquely comprehensive while striving always to help the student develop a clear understanding of the fundamentals underlying glass science. Clearly develops fundamental concepts Provides comprehensive discussion of the composition, structure, and properties of inorganic glasses Leads the reader through areas where a deeper understanding is needed Presents necessary mathematics in a readable manner Introduces numerous and interesting real-world examples that give the reader insight into application of the material covered in the text Concludes chapters with problem sets and suggested readings to facilitate self-study

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses Book
Author : Arun K. Varshneya
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780127149707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides comprehensive coverage of the composition, structure, and properties of inorganic glasses. Designed to serve as the prime text for "glass science" courses at the upper-undergraduate level, this book facilitates learning with a clear discussion of fundamental concepts.

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses Book
Author : Arun K. Varshneya,John C. Mauro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-09
ISBN : 0128162260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses, Third Edition, is a comprehensive reference on the field of glass science and engineering that covers numerous, significant advances. This new edition includes the most recent advances in glass physics and chemistry, also discussing groundbreaking applications of glassy materials. It is suitable for upper level glass science courses and professional glass scientists and engineers at industrial and government labs. Fundamental concepts, chapter-ending problem sets, an emphasis on key ideas, and timely notes on suggested readings are all included. The book provides the breadth required of a comprehensive reference, offering coverage of the composition, structure and properties of inorganic glasses. Clearly develops fundamental concepts and the basics of glass science and glass chemistry Provides a comprehensive discussion of the composition, structure and properties of inorganic glasses Features a discussion of the emerging applications of glass, including applications in energy, environment, pharmaceuticals, and more Concludes chapters with problem sets and suggested readings to facilitate self-study

Introduction to Glass Science and Technology

Introduction to Glass Science and Technology Book
Author : James E Shelby
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-11-06
ISBN : 1782625119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a concise and inexpensive introduction for an undergraduate course in glass science and technology. The level of the book has deliberately been maintained at the introductory level to avoid confusion of the student by inclusion of more advanced material, and is unique in that its text is limited to the amount suitable for a one term course for students in materials science, ceramics or inorganic chemistry. The contents cover the fundamental topics of importance in glass science and technology, including glass formation, crystallization, phase separation and structure of glasses. Additional chapters discuss the most important properties of glasses, including discussion of physical, optical, electrical, chemical and mechanical properties. A final chapter provides an introduction to a number of methods used to form technical glasses, including glass sheet, bottles, insulation fibre, optical fibres and other common commercial products. In addition, the book contains discussion of the effects of phase separation and crystallization on the properties of glasses, which is neglected in other texts. Although intended primarily as a textbook, Introduction to Glass Science and Technology will also be invaluable to the engineer or scientist who desires more knowledge regarding the formation, properties and production of glass.

Inorganic Glasses for Photonics

Inorganic Glasses for Photonics Book
Author : Animesh A. Jha
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-17
ISBN : 0470741708
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book is structured in seven chapters. Chapter 1 discusses glass science and structures of inorganic glasses, which are commonly used for photonic devices, including oxide, fluoride, chalcogenide and mixed anion glasses. Chapter 2 covers the important thermal, viscosity and physical properties of glasses which, by nucleation and crystal growth processes can be engineered for photonic device applications. In Chapter 3, bulk glass fabrication using melting and casting and sol-gel techniques are discussed along with the fabrication principles of glass-ceramic materials, sol-gel formation and sol-gel based glass fabrication. Chapter 4 introduces the standard geometrical optics for fibre optics, Maxwell's equation for modal analysis and its importance in fibre and waveguide optics. It concludes with a detailed discussion on refractive index and its dependence on compositions, density, temperature and stress. The relationship of these properties in controlling bulk optical properties is especially emphasized. The main emphasis of Chapter 5 is on the methods of thin film fabrication using physical and chemical vapour deposition and on pulsed laser deposition including ion implantation techniques. Chapter 6 starts with the classical radiative transition theory based on dipole models, and then explains the concept of dipoles and electron-phonon coupling. Emphasizing various quantum mechanical rules, it then discusses the radiative, non-radiative, energy transfer and upconversion processes. Finally, chapter 7 covers the photonic device applications of inorganic glasses, fibres and waveguides and concludes with a short discussion on the emerging opportunities in future for inorganic glasses"--

Materials Kinetics

Materials Kinetics Book
Author : John C. Mauro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-22
ISBN : 0128242167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials Kinetics: Transport and Rate Phenomena provides readers with a clear understanding of how physical-chemical principles are applied to fundamental kinetic processes. The book integrates advanced concepts with foundational knowledge and cutting-edge computational approaches, demonstrating how diffusion, morphological evolution, viscosity, relaxation and other kinetic phenomena can be applied to practical materials design problems across all classes of materials. The book starts with an overview of thermodynamics, discussing equilibrium, entropy, and irreversible processes. Subsequent chapters focus on analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion equation, covering Fick’s laws, multicomponent diffusion, numerical solutions, atomic models, and diffusion in crystals, polymers, glasses, and polycrystalline materials. Dislocation and interfacial motion, kinetics of phase separation, viscosity, and advanced nucleation theories are examined next, followed by detailed analyses of glass transition and relaxation behavior. The book concludes with a series of chapters covering molecular dynamics, energy landscapes, broken ergodicity, chemical reaction kinetics, thermal and electrical conductivities, Monte Carlo simulation techniques, and master equations. Covers the full breadth of materials kinetics, including organic and inorganic materials, solids and liquids, theory and experiments, macroscopic and microscopic interpretations, and analytical and computational approaches Demonstrates how diffusion, viscosity microstructural evolution, relaxation, and other kinetic phenomena can be leveraged in the practical design of new materials Provides a seamless connection between thermodynamics and kinetics Includes practical exercises that reinforce key concepts at the end of each chapter

Bioactive Glasses

Bioactive Glasses Book
Author : Aldo R Boccaccini,Delia S Brauer,Leena Hupa
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-11-28
ISBN : 1782622012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global ageing society has significantly increased the need for implant materials, which not only replace damaged or lost tissue but are also able to regenerate it. The field of bioactive glasses has been expanding continuously over recent years as they have been shown to bond with hard and soft tissue, release therapeutically active ions, and be capable of enhancing bone formation and regeneration. In addition, they are successfully being used to re-mineralise teeth, thereby making bioactive glasses highly attractive materials in both dentistry and medicine. Understanding the multidisciplinary requirements set by the human body’s environment and the special characteristics of the different families of bioactive glasses is a key in developing new compositions to novel clinical applications. Bioactive Glasses aims to bridge the different scientific communities associated with the field of bioactive glasses with focus on the materials science point of view. Emerging applications covered include soft tissue regeneration, wound healing, vascularisation, cancer treatment and drug delivery devices. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest applications of bioactive glasses for material scientists.

Microstructuring of Glasses

Microstructuring of Glasses Book
Author : Dagmar Hülsenberg,Alf Harnisch,Alexander Bismarck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-06-24
ISBN : 3540498885
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first book that explains how to structure glass for micro- and nanophotonic applications. It deals with various glass compositions and their properties, and the interactions between glass and the electromagnetic waves used to modify it. The book also explores methods for influencing the geometrical microstructure of glass as well as methods to produce actual microdevices. It also details methods for influencing the geometrical microstructure of glasses.

Glass Nanocomposites

Glass Nanocomposites Book
Author : Basudeb Karmakar,Klaus Rademann,Andrey Stepanov
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-01-19
ISBN : 0323393128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glass Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications provides the latest information on a rapidly growing field of specialized materials, bringing light to new research findings that include a growing number of technologies and applications. With this growth, a new need for deep understanding of the synthesis methods, composite structure, processing and application of glass nanocomposites has emerged. In the book, world renowned experts in the field, Professors Karmakar, Rademann, and Stepanov, fill the knowledge gap, building a bridge between the areas of nanoscience, photonics, and glass technology. The book covers the fundamentals, synthesis, processing, material properties, structure property correlation, interpretation thereof, characterization, and a wide range of applications of glass nanocomposites in many different devices and branches of technology. Recent developments and future directions of all types of glass nanocomposites, such as metal-glasses (e.g., metal nanowire composites, nanoglass-mesoporous silica composites), semiconductor-glass and ceramic-glass nanocomposites, as well as oxide and non-oxide glasses, are also covered in great depth. Each chapter is logically structured in order to increase coherence, with each including question sets as exercises for a deeper understanding of the text. Provides comprehensive and up-to-date knowledge and literature review for both the oxide and non-oxide glass nanocomposites (i.e., practically all types of glass nanocomposites) Reviews a wide range of synthesis types, properties, characterization, and applications of diverse types of glass nanocomposites Presents future directions of glass nanocomposites for researchers and engineers, as well as question sets for use in university courses

Glass Ceramic Technology

Glass Ceramic Technology Book
Author : Wolfram Holand,George H. Beall
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-06-08
ISBN : 1118265920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glass-ceramic materials share many properties with both glass and more traditional crystalline ceramics. This new edition examines the various types of glass-ceramic materials, the methods of their development, and their countless applications. With expanded sections on biomaterials and highly bioactive products (i.e., Bioglass and related glass ceramics), as well as the newest mechanisms for the development of dental ceramics and theories on the development of nano-scaled glass-ceramics, here is a must-have guide for ceramic and materials engineers, managers, and designers in the ceramic and glass industry.

Inorganic and Organic Thin Films

Inorganic and Organic Thin Films Book
Author : Yu Song
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-21
ISBN : 3527344993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learn more about foundational and advanced topics in polymer thin films and coatings besides species with this powerful two-volume resource The two-volume Inorganic and Organic Thin Films: Fundamentals, Fabrication, and Applications delivers a foundational resource for current researchers and commercial users involved in the design and fabrication of thin films. The book offers newcomers to the field a thorough description of new design theory, fabrication methods, and applications of advanced thin films. Readers will discover the physics and chemistry underlying the manufacture of new thin films and coatings in this leading new resource that promises to become a handbook for future applications of the technology. This one-stop reference brings together all important aspects of inorganic and polymeric thin films and coatings, including construction, assembly, deposition, functionality, patterning, and characterization. Explorations of their applications in industries as diverse as information technology, new energy, biomedical engineering, aerospace, and oceanographic engineering round out this fulsome exploration of one of the most exciting and rapidly developing areas of scientific and industrial research today. Readers will also learn from: A comprehensive introduction to the progress of thin films and coatings as well as fundamentals in functional thin films and coatings An exploration of multi-layered magnetic thin films for electron transport control and signal sensing, including giant magnetoresistance, colossal magnetoresistance, tunneling magnetoresistance, and the quantum anomalous Holzer effect An in time summary of high-quality magneto-optics, nanophotonics, spin waves and spintronics using bismuth-substituted iron garnet thin films as examples A thorough discussion of template-assisted fabrication of nanostructure thin films for ultrasensitive detection of chemicals and biomolecules A treatment of biomass derived functional films and coatings Perfect for materials scientists and inorganic chemists, Inorganic and Organic Thin Films will also earn a place in the libraries of solid state physicists and physical chemists working in private industry, as well as polymer and surface chemists who seek to improve their understanding of thin films and coatings.

Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids

Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids Book
Author : Zbigniew H. Stachurski
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-09
ISBN : 3527337075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.

Novel Structured Metallic and Inorganic Materials

Novel Structured Metallic and Inorganic Materials Book
Author : Yuichi Setsuhara,Toshio Kamiya,Shin-ichi Yamaura
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-01
ISBN : 9811376115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes a series of research topics investigated during the 6 years from 2010 through 2015 in the project "Advanced Materials Development and Integration of Novel Structured Metallic and Inorganic Materials". Every section of the book is aimed at understanding the most advanced research by describing details starting with the fundamentals as often as possible. Because both fundamental and cutting-edge topics are contained in this book, it provides a great deal of useful information for chemists as well as for materials scientists and engineers who wish to consider future prospects and innovations. The contents of Novel Structured Metallic and Inorganic Materials are unique in materials science and technology. The project was carried out through the cooperation of research groups in the following six institutes in Japan: the Institute for Materials Research (IMR), Tohoku University; the Materials and Structures Laboratory (MSL), Tokyo Institute of Technology; the Joining and Welding Research Institute (JWRI), Osaka University; the Eco-Topia Science Institute (EST), Nagoya University; the Institute of Biomaterials and Bioengineering (IBB), Tokyo Medical and Dental University; and the Institute for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (INN), Waseda University. Major objectives of the project included creation of advanced metallic and inorganic materials with a novel structure, as well as development of materials-joining technologies for development of cutting-edge applications as environmental and energy materials, biomedical materials, and electronic materials for contributing to the creation of a safer and more secure society.

Inorganic and Composite Fibers

Inorganic and Composite Fibers Book
Author : Boris Mahltig,Yordan Kyosev
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-10-18
ISBN : 0081022298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic and Composite Fibers: Production, Properties, and Applications provides a comprehensive review on the development, production and application of modern inorganic and composite fibers. Particular emphasis is placed on current production processes, parameters and finishing and functionalization methods for improving their properties and the problems associated with the testing of fibers. Fibers covered include carbon, glass and basalt fibers, metal fibers, such as copper and steel, fibers coated with silver or gold, and nitinol. In addition to pure inorganic fibers, the book looks at organic fibers with a high level of inorganic content, such as cellulosic fibers. Including contributions from leading experts from universities, research institutes, and producing companies, this book assists materials scientists and engineers in the composites, automotive, textile and medical industries to more efficiently and effectively select fibers for a range of different applications areas. Presents a thorough introduction to inorganic fibers, such as carbon fiber and nanotubes, graphene, glass fibers, and many more, including the fundamentals of production, processing and finishing of each fiber type Includes coverage of a range of application areas of inorganic fibers to assist in product development Keeps researchers up-to-date by providing information on the latest developments in this field, thus supporting further research

The Production and Processing of Inorganic Materials

The Production and Processing of Inorganic Materials Book
Author : James Evans,Lutgard De Jonghe
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-06
ISBN : 3319481630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Guiding readers from the significance, history, and sources of materials to advanced materials and processes, this textbook looks at the production and primary processing of inorganic materials, such as ceramics, metals, silicon, and some composite materials. The text encourages instructors to teach the production of all types of inorganic materials as one. While recognizing the differences between producing various types of materials, the authors focus on the commonality of thermodynamics, kinetics, transport phenomena, phase equilibria and transformation, process engineering, and surface chemistry to all inorganic materials. The text focuses on fundamentals and how fundamentals can be applied to understand how the major inorganic materials are produced and the initial stages of their processing. Understanding of these fundamentals will equip students for engineering future processes for producing materials or for studying the processing of the many less common materials not examined in this text. The text is intended for use in an undergraduate course at the junior or senior level, but will also serve as a useful introductory and reference work for graduate students and practicing scientists and engineers.

Optical Materials

Optical Materials Book
Author : Joseph H. Simmons,Kelly S. Potter
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780126441406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optical Materials presents, in a unified form, the underlying physical and structural processes that determine the optical behavior of materials. It does this by combining elements from physics, optics, and materials science in a seamless manner, and introducing quantum mechanics when needed. The book groups the characteristics of optical materials into classes with similar behavior. In treating each type of material, the text pays particular attention to atomic composition and chemical makeup, electronic states and band structure, and physical microstructure so that the reader will gain insight into the kinds of materials engineering and processing conditions that are required to produce a material exhibiting a desired optical property. The physical principles are presented on many levels, including a physical explanation, followed by formal mathematical support and examples and methods of measurement. The reader may overlook the equations with no loss of comprehension, or may use the text to find appropriate equations for calculations of optical properties. Presents the optical properties of metals, insulators, semiconductors, laser materials, and non-linear materials Physical processes are discussed and quantified using precise mathematical treatment, followed by examples and a discussion of measurement methods Authors combine many years of expertise in condensed matter physics, classical and quantum optics, and materials science The text is written on many levels and will benefit the novice as well as the expert Explains the concept of color in materials Explains the non-linear optical behavior of materials in a unified form Appendices present rigorous derivations

Inorganic Controlled Release Technology

Inorganic Controlled Release Technology Book
Author : Xiang Zhang,Mark Cresswell
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 0081000065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic Controlled Release Technology: Materials and Concepts for Advanced Drug Formulation provides a practical guide to the use and applications of inorganic controlled release technology (iCRT) for drug delivery and other healthcare applications, focusing on newly developed inorganic materials such as bioresorbable glasses and bioceramics. The use of these materials is introduced for a wide range of applications that cover inorganic drug delivery systems for new drug development and the reformulation of existing drugs. The book describes basic concepts, principles, and industrial practices by discussing materials chemistry, physics, nano/microstructure, formulation, materials processing, and case studies, as well as the evaluation and characterization of iCRT systems commonly investigated during industrial R&D. Provides the first book on inorganic controlled release technology (iCRT), covering key aspects from chemistry, physics, synthetic methods, formulation design, characterization and evaluation Includes several industry-related case studies to provide practical guidance on how to use iCRT as an alternative to organic polymers systems for both future drug developments and other active ingredient applications Demonstrates how iCRT offers an unmet business need for improved, controlled release of actives versus traditional CRT systems, which are known to have difficulty with the controlled delivery of both poorly and highly water soluble drug compounds

Encyclopedia of Materials

Encyclopedia of Materials Book
Author : M. J. Pomeroy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-05
ISBN : 9780323853934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Encyclopedia of Materials book written by M. J. Pomeroy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fundamentals of Perovskite Oxides

Fundamentals of Perovskite Oxides Book
Author : Gibin George,Sivasankara Rao Ede,Zhiping Luo
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-06
ISBN : 1000195686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook entitled Fundamentals of Perovskite Oxides: Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications summarizes the structure, synthesis routes, and potential applications of perovskite oxide materials. Since these perovskite-type ceramic materials offer opportunities in a wide range of fields of science and engineering, the chapters are broadly organized into four sections of perovskite-type oxide materials and technology. Covers recent developments in perovskite oxides Serves as a quick reference of perovskite oxides information Describes novel synthesis routes for nanostructured perovskites Discusses comprehensive details for various crystal structures, synthesis methods, properties, and applications Applies to academic education, scientific research, and industrial R&D for materials research in real-world applications like bioengineering, catalysis, energy conversion, energy storage, environmental engineering, and data storage and sensing This book serves as a handy and practical guideline suitable for students, engineers, and researchers working with advanced ceramic materials.

Microfluidics

Microfluidics Book
Author : Yujun Song,Daojian Cheng,Liang Zhao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 3527800654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book offering a global overview of fundamental microfluidics and the wide range of possible applications, for example, in chemistry, biology, and biomedical science. As such, it summarizes recent progress in microfluidics, including its origin and development, the theoretical fundamentals, and fabrication techniques for microfluidic devices. The book also comprehensively covers the fluid mechanics, physics and chemistry as well as applications in such different fields as detection and synthesis of inorganic and organic materials. A useful reference for non-specialists and a basic guideline for research scientists and technicians already active in this field or intending to work in microfluidics.