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Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Book
Author : Kathleen C. Weathers,David L. Strayer,Gene E. Likens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-13
ISBN : 0128127627
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science, Second Edition, provides a solid introduction to modern ecosystem science, covering land, freshwater and marine environments. Ecosystem science is now applied to address a wide range of environmental problems. Written by respected experts, this updated edition covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry and energetics. Case studies written by leading figures in the field offer insight into how adopting an ecosystem approach has helped solve important intellectual and practical problems. Offers one of the few books on ecosystems to cover both the aquatic and terrestrial realms Features vignettes throughout the book to give real examples of how an ecosystem approach has and continues to create real change Includes synthesis chapters and case studies to take new information and demonstrate applications Features new coverage on human-environment interactions and biological interactions within the environment

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Book
Author : Kathleen C. Weathers,David L. Strayer,Gene E. Likens
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 0080916805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecosystem science has developed into a major part of contemporary ecology, and it is now applied to diagnose and solve a wide range of important environmental problems. Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science provides a compact and comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science. Written by a group of experts, this book covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. Addresses, contrasts, and compares both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems Combines general lessons, concepts, frameworks, and challenges in highly accessible synthesis chapters Presents firsthand case studies, written by leaders in the field, offering personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach led to innovations, new understanding, management changes, and policy solutions

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Book
Author : Kathleen C. Weathers,David L. Strayer,Gene E. Likens
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 0128127635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science, Second Edition provides a comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science covering land, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Ecosystem science is now applied to address a wide range of environmental problems. Written by a group of experts, this updated edition covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. Case studies of important environmental problems offer personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach has helped solve important intellectual and practical problems. For those choosing to use the book in a classroom environment, or who want to enrich further their reading experience, teaching and learning assets are available at Elsevier.com. Covers both aquatic (freshwater and marine) and terrestrial ecosystems with updated information Includes a new chapter on microbial biogeochemistry Features vignettes throughout the book with real examples of how an ecosystem approach has led to important change in policy, management, and ecological understanding Demonstrates the application of an ecosystem approach in synthesis chapters and case studies Contains new coverage of human-environment interactions

Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene

Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene Book
Author : Peter G. Brown,Peter Timmerman
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2015-09-01
ISBN : 0231540426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecological Economics for the Anthropocene provides an urgently needed alternative to the long-dominant neoclassical economic paradigm of the free market, which has focused myopically—even fatally—on the boundless production and consumption of goods and services without heed to environmental consequences. The emerging paradigm for ecological economics championed in this new book recenters the field of economics on the fact of the Earth's limitations, requiring a total reconfiguration of the goals of the economy, how we understand the fundamentals of human prosperity, and, ultimately, how we assess humanity's place in the community of beings. Each essay in this volume contributes to an emerging, revolutionary agenda based on the tenets of ecological economics and advances new conceptions of justice, liberty, and the meaning of an ethical life in the era of the Anthropocene. Essays highlight the need to create alternative signals to balance one-dimensional market-price measurements in judging the relationships between the economy and the Earth's life-support systems. In a lively exchange, the authors question whether such ideas as "ecosystem health" and the environmental data that support them are robust enough to inform policy. Essays explain what a taking-it-slow or no-growth approach to economics looks like and explore how to generate the cultural and political will to implement this agenda. This collection represents one of the most sophisticated and realistic strategies for neutralizing the threat of our current economic order, envisioning an Earth-embedded society committed to the commonwealth of life and the security and true prosperity of human society.

Freshwater Ecology and Conservation

Freshwater Ecology and Conservation Book
Author : Jocelyne Hughes
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 019107912X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical manual of freshwater ecology and conservation provides a state-of-the-art review of the approaches and techniques used to measure, monitor, and conserve freshwater ecosystems. It offers a single, comprehensive, and accessible synthesis of the vast amount of literature for freshwater ecology and conservation that is currently dispersed in manuals, toolkits, journals, handbooks, 'grey' literature, and websites. Successful conservation outcomes are ultimately built on a sound ecological framework in which every species must be assessed and understood at the individual, community, catchment and landscape level of interaction. For example, freshwater ecologists need to understand hydrochemical storages and fluxes, the physical systems influencing freshwaters at the catchment and landscape scale, and the spatial and temporal processes that maintain species assemblages and their dynamics. A thorough understanding of all these varied processes, and the techniques for studying them, is essential for the effective conservation and management of freshwater ecosystems.

Beckett s Intermedial Ecosystems

Beckett s Intermedial Ecosystems Book
Author : Anna McMullan
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-02-18
ISBN : 1108963242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Element draws on the concept of ecosystems to investigate selected Beckett works across different media which present worlds where the human does not occupy a privileged place in the order of creation: rather Beckett's human figures are trapped in a regulated system in which they have little agency. Readers, listeners or viewers are complicit in the operation of techniques of observation inherent to the system, but also reminded of the vulnerability of those subjected to it. Beckett's work offers new paradigms and practices which reposition the human in relation to space, time and species.

Soil and Plant Analysis for Forest Ecosystem Characterization

Soil and Plant Analysis for Forest Ecosystem Characterization Book
Author : Daniel John Vogt,Joel P. Tilley,Robert L. Edmonds
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2015-03-30
ISBN : 3110290472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook provides an overview of physical, chemical and biological methods used to analyze soils and plant tissue using an ecosystem perspective. The current emphasis on climate change has recognized the importance of including soil carbon as part of our carbon budgets. Methods to assess soils must be ecosystem based if they are to have utility for policy makers and managers wanting to change soil carbon and nutrient pools. Most of the texts on soil analyis treat agriculture and not forest soils and these methods do not transfer readily to forests because of their different chemistry and physical properties. This manual presents methods for soil and plant analysis with the ecosystem level approach that will reduce the risk that poor management decisions will be made in forests. This manual was intended for the instructors that teach students soil and plant analyses; however it can also be used by the research laboratories and by environmental scientists.The laboratory procedures in this manual are outlined in easy-to-follow steps and frequently accompanied with examples of calculations, questions to answer, and also a blank data sheet to use. These methods used in this manual can be used on soil and plant tissues found in agricultural, horticulture, forestry, urban, and natural lands.

Learner Centered Teaching Activities for Environmental and Sustainability Studies

Learner Centered Teaching Activities for Environmental and Sustainability Studies Book
Author : Loren B. Byrne
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-21
ISBN : 3319285432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Learner-centered teaching is a pedagogical approach that emphasizes the roles of students as participants in and drivers of their own learning. Learner-centered teaching activities go beyond traditional lecturing by helping students construct their own understanding of information, develop skills via hands-on engagement, and encourage personal reflection through metacognitive tasks. In addition, learner-centered classroom approaches may challenge students’ preconceived notions and expand their thinking by confronting them with thought-provoking statements, tasks or scenarios that cause them to pay closer attention and cognitively “see” a topic from new perspectives. Many types of pedagogy fall under the umbrella of learner-centered teaching including laboratory work, group discussions, service and project-based learning, and student-led research, among others. Unfortunately, it is often not possible to use some of these valuable methods in all course situations given constraints of money, space, instructor expertise, class-meeting and instructor preparation time, and the availability of prepared lesson plans and material. Thus, a major challenge for many instructors is how to integrate learner-centered activities widely into their courses. The broad goal of this volume is to help advance environmental education practices that help increase students’ environmental literacy. Having a diverse collection of learner-centered teaching activities is especially useful for helping students develop their environmental literacy because such approaches can help them connect more personally with the material thus increasing the chances for altering the affective and behavioral dimensions of their environmental literacy. This volume differentiates itself from others by providing a unique and diverse collection of classroom activities that can help students develop their knowledge, skills and personal views about many contemporary environmental and sustainability issues. ​ ​ ​

Ecological Processes Handbook

Ecological Processes Handbook Book
Author : Luca Palmeri,Alberto Barausse,Sven Erik Jorgensen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-08-28
ISBN : 1466558474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecology is a cross-disciplinary field involving many different aspects of science. Written with this in mind, this book introduces ecological processes, ranging from physical processes, to chemical processes and biological processes. It contains all the necessary information on an ecological process: a clear, detailed but not too lengthy definition; some practical examples, the main mathematical models which have been used to describe the process, and the key interconnections with other ecological processes that must be known in order to apply what has been learned from the book.

A Systems Approach to the Environmental Analysis of Pollution Minimization

A Systems Approach to the Environmental Analysis of Pollution Minimization Book
Author : Sven E. Jorgensen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-09-17
ISBN : 9781566703376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The environmental analysis of pollution problems always involves the use of mass and energy balances to quantify the extent of pollution and its sources. This same form of analysis can be applied to ecosystems, production systems, a whole country or a region. A Systems Approach to the Environmental Analysis of Pollution Minimization identifies and describes the common factors shared by these systems. The book is organized in twelve chapters and progresses from general concepts to specific assessment methods. Chapter one is a general introduction to environmental management principles. Chapter two discusses conservation principles and their applications to environmental health. Chapters three and four explore ecosystem health, properties and analysis. Chapters five through eleven present different methods of analysis including Green Accounting, Clean Technology, Life Cycle Analysis, and Risk Assessment. Editor Sven Jorgensen closes the book with a sweeping summary. Jorgensen is a internationally published authority on the use and analysis of ecosystem models. His new book is a comprehensive guide for both students and professionals. A Systems Approach to the Environmental Analysis of Pollution Minimization is an invaluable contribution. Features

Methods in Ecosystem Science

Methods in Ecosystem Science Book
Author : Osvaldo E. Sala,Robert B. Jackson,Harold A. Mooney,Robert W. Howarth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-01
ISBN : 1461212243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecology at the ecosystem level has both necessitated and benefited from new methods and technologies as well as those adapted from other disciplines. With the ascendancy of ecosystem science and management, the need has arisen for a comprehensive treatment of techniques used in this rapidly-growing field. Methods in Ecosystem Science answers that need by synthesizing the advantages, disadvantages and tradeoffs associated with the most commonly used techniques in both aquatic and terrestrial research. The book is divided into sections addressing carbon and energy dynamics, nutrient and water dynamics, manipulative ecosystem experiements and tools to synthesize our understanding of ecosystems. Detailed information about various methods will help researchers choose the most appropriate methods for their particular studies. Prominent scientists discuss how tools from a variety of disciplines can be used in ecosystem science at different scales.

Design for Ecological Democracy

Design for Ecological Democracy Book
Author : Randolph T. Hester, Jr.
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2010-09-24
ISBN : 0262515008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shows how to combine the forces of ecological science and participatory democracy to design urban landscapes that enable us to act as communities, are resilient rather than imperiled, and touch our hearts. Over the last fifty years, the process of community building has been lost in the process of city building. City and suburban design divides us from others in our communities, destroys natural habitats, and fails to provide a joyful context for our lives. In Design for Ecological Democracy, Randolph Hester proposes a remedy for our urban anomie. He outlines new principles for urban design that will allow us to forge connections with our fellow citizens and our natural environment. He demonstrates these principles with abundantly illustrated examples—drawn from forty years of design and planning practice—showing how we can design cities that are ecologically resilient, that enhance community, and that give us pleasure. Hester argues that it is only by combining the powerful forces of ecology and democracy that the needed revolution in design will take place. Democracy bestows freedom; ecology creates responsible freedom by explaining our interconnectedness with all creatures. Hester's new design principles are founded on three fundamental issues that integrate democracy and ecology: enabling form, resilient form, and impelling form. Urban design must enable us to be communities rather than zoning-segregated enclaves and to function as informed democracies. A simple bench at a centrally located post office, for example, provides an opportunity for connection and shared experience. Cities must be ecologically resilient rather than ecologically imperiled, adaptable to the surrounding ecology rather than dependent on technological fixes. Resilient form turns increased urban density, for example, into an advantage. And cities should impel us by joy rather than compel us by fear; good cities enrich us rather than limit us. Design for Ecological Democracy is essential reading for designers, planners, environmentalists, community activists, and anyone else who wants to improve a local community.

Ecological Understanding

Ecological Understanding Book
Author : Steward T.A. Pickett,Jurek Kolasa,Clive G. Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-08-04
ISBN : 9780080546049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This widely anticipated revision of the groundbreaking book, Ecological Understanding, updates this crucial sourcebook of contemporary philosophical insights for practicing ecologists and graduate students in ecology and environmental studies. The second edition contains new ecological examples, an expanded array of conceptual diagrams and illustrations, new text boxes summarizing important points or defining key terms, and new reference to philosophical issues and controversies. Although the first edition was recognized for its clarity, this revision takes the opportunity to make the exposition of complex topics still clearer to readers without a philosophical background. Readers will gain an understanding of the goals of science, the structure of theory, the kinds of theory relevant to ecology, the way that theory changes, what constitutes objectivity in contemporary science, and the role of paradigms and frameworks for synthesis within ecology and in integration with other disciplines. Finally, how theory can inform and anchor the public use of ecological knowledge in civic debates is laid out. This new edition refines the understanding of how the structure and change of theory can improve the growth and application of one of the 21st century’s key sciences. · Explains the philosophical basis of ecology in plain English · Contains chapter overviews and summaries · Text boxes highlight key points, examples, or controversies · Diagrams explain structure and development of theory, and integration · Evaluates and relates paradgims in ecology · Illustrates philosophical issues with classic and new ecological research

Introduction to Energy and Climate

Introduction to Energy and Climate Book
Author : Julie Kerr
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-09
ISBN : 1498774407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this textbook is to provide a well-rounded working knowledge of both climate change and environmental sustainability for a wide range of students. Students will learn core concepts and methods to analyze energy and environmental impacts; will understand what is changing the earth’s climate, and what that means for life on earth now and in the future. They will also have a firm understanding of what energy is and how it can be used. This text intends to develop working knowledge of these topics, with both technical and social implications. Students will find in one volume the integration and careful treatment of climate, energy, and sustainability.

Sustainable Forest Management

Sustainable Forest Management Book
Author : Klaus von Gadow,Timo Pukkala,Margarida Tomé
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-11-30
ISBN : 9781402002786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During its 200-year history the concept of sustainable forest ecosystem management has been the object of scientific and political discussion, with varying degrees of intensity - promoted with vehement fervour during periods of social or economic crisis, and less intensely during periods of stability. This volume, which forms part of the book series Managing Forest Ecosystems, presents state-of-the-art contributions presented by 9 leading authors from North America, Europe, Australia, and Southern Africa. If technical knowledge is a constraint to the implementation of sustainable management, this book contains a wealth of information which may be useful to students and practitioners alike. The specific target readership includes company management, the legal and policy environment, and forestry administrators. This book's unique feature is its holistic approach which includes ecological, socio-political, and timber supply issues.

Models in Ecosystem Science

Models in Ecosystem Science Book
Author : Charles D. Canham,Jonathan J. Cole,William K. Lauenroth
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 0691228841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantitative models are crucial to almost every area of ecosystem science. They provide a logical structure that guides and informs empirical observations of ecosystem processes. They play a particularly crucial role in synthesizing and integrating our understanding of the immense diversity of ecosystem structure and function. Increasingly, models are being called on to predict the effects of human actions on natural ecosystems. Despite the widespread use of models, there exists intense debate within the field over a wide range of practical and philosophical issues pertaining to quantitative modeling. This book--which grew out of a gathering of leading experts at the ninth Cary Conference--explores those issues. The book opens with an overview of the status and role of modeling in ecosystem science, including perspectives on the long-running debate over the appropriate level of complexity in models. This is followed by eight chapters that address the critical issue of evaluating ecosystem models, including methods of addressing uncertainty. Next come several case studies of the role of models in environmental policy and management. A section on the future of modeling in ecosystem science focuses on increasing the use of modeling in undergraduate education and the modeling skills of professionals within the field. The benefits and limitations of predictive (versus observational) models are also considered in detail. Written by stellar contributors, this book grants access to the state of the art and science of ecosystem modeling.

Understanding Urban Ecosystems

Understanding Urban Ecosystems Book
Author : Alan R. Berkowitz,Charles H. Nilon,Karen S. Hollweg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-05-29
ISBN : 038722615X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nowhere on Earth is the challenge for ecological understanding greater, and yet more urgent, than in those parts of the globe where human activity is most intense - cities. People need to understand how cities work as ecological systems so they can take control of the vital links between human actions and environmental quality, and work for an ecologically and economically sustainable future. An ecosystem approach integrates biological, physical and social factors and embraces historical and geographical dimensions, providing our best hope for coping with the complexity of cities. This book is a first of its kind effort to bring together leaders in the biological, physical and social dimensions of urban ecosystem research with leading education researchers, administrators and practitioners, to show how an understanding of urban ecosystems is vital for urban dwellers to grasp the fundamentals of ecological and environmental science, and to understand their own environment.

Big Ecology

Big Ecology Book
Author : David C. Coleman
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2010-05-14
ISBN : 0520945735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Big Ecology, David C. Coleman documents his historically fruitful ecological collaborations in the early years of studying large ecosystems in the United States. As Coleman explains, the concept of the ecosystem—a local biological community and its interactions with its environment—has given rise to many institutions and research programs, like the National Science Foundation’s program for Long Term Ecological Research. Coleman’s insider account of this important and fascinating trend toward big science takes us from the paradigm of collaborative interdisciplinary research, starting with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957, through the International Biological Program (IBP) of the late 1960s and early 1970s, to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) programs of the 1980s.

Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics

Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics Book
Author : Fred Jopp,Hauke Reuter,Broder Breckling
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-11
ISBN : 3642050298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Model development is of vital importance for understanding and management of ecological processes. Identifying the complex relationships between ecological patterns and processes is a crucial task. Ecological modelling—both qualitatively and quantitatively—plays a vital role in analysing ecological phenomena and for ecological theory. This textbook provides a unique overview of modelling approaches. Representing the state-of-the-art in modern ecology, it shows how to construct and work with various different model types. It introduces the background of each approach and its application in ecology. Differential equations, matrix approaches, individual-based models and many other relevant modelling techniques are explained and demonstrated with their use. The authors provide links to software tools and course materials. With chapters written by leading specialists, “Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics” is an essential contribution to expand the qualification of students, teachers and scientists alike.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling Book
Author : Sven Erik Jørgensen,G. Bendoricchio
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-01
ISBN : 0080440150
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a thoroughly revised and updated edition of an authoritative introduction to ecological modelling. Sven Erik Jørgensen, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Ecological Modelling, and Giuseppe Bendoricchio, Professor of Environmental Modelling at the University of Padova, Italy, offer compelling insights into the subject. This volume explains the concepts and processes involved in ecological modelling, presents the latest developments in the field and provides readers with the tools to construct their own models. The Third Edition features: • A detailed discussion and step-by-step outline of the modelling procedure. • An account of different model types including overview tables, examples and illustrations. • A comprehensive presentation of the submodels and unit processes used in modelling. • In-depth descriptions of the latest modelling techniques. • Structured exercises at the end of each chapter. • Three mathematical appendices and a subject index. This practical and proven book very effectively combines the theory, methodology and applications of ecological modelling. The new edition is an essential, up-to-date guide to a rapidly growing field.