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Fundamentals Of Brain Network Analysis

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Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis Book
Author : Alex Fornito,Andrew Zalesky,Edward Bullmore
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-04
ISBN : 0124081185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to methods for unraveling the extraordinary complexity of neuronal connectivity. From the perspective of graph theory and network science, this book introduces, motivates and explains techniques for modeling brain networks as graphs of nodes connected by edges, and covers a diverse array of measures for quantifying their topological and spatial organization. It builds intuition for key concepts and methods by illustrating how they can be practically applied in diverse areas of neuroscience, ranging from the analysis of synaptic networks in the nematode worm to the characterization of large-scale human brain networks constructed with magnetic resonance imaging. This text is ideally suited to neuroscientists wanting to develop expertise in the rapidly developing field of neural connectomics, and to physical and computational scientists wanting to understand how these quantitative methods can be used to understand brain organization. Extensively illustrated throughout by graphical representations of key mathematical concepts and their practical applications to analyses of nervous systems Comprehensively covers graph theoretical analyses of structural and functional brain networks, from microscopic to macroscopic scales, using examples based on a wide variety of experimental methods in neuroscience Designed to inform and empower scientists at all levels of experience, and from any specialist background, wanting to use modern methods of network science to understand the organization of the brain

Brain Network Analysis

Brain Network Analysis Book
Author : Moo K. Chung
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-06-30
ISBN : 110718486X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This coherent mathematical and statistical approach aimed at graduate students incorporates regression and topology as well as graph theory.

Networks of the Brain

Networks of the Brain Book
Author : Olaf Sporns
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-02-12
ISBN : 0262528983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrative overview of network approaches to neuroscience explores the origins of brain complexity and the link between brain structure and function. Over the last decade, the study of complex networks has expanded across diverse scientific fields. Increasingly, science is concerned with the structure, behavior, and evolution of complex systems ranging from cells to ecosystems. In Networks of the Brain, Olaf Sporns describes how the integrative nature of brain function can be illuminated from a complex network perspective. Highlighting the many emerging points of contact between neuroscience and network science, the book serves to introduce network theory to neuroscientists and neuroscience to those working on theoretical network models. Sporns emphasizes how networks connect levels of organization in the brain and how they link structure to function, offering an informal and nonmathematical treatment of the subject. Networks of the Brain provides a synthesis of the sciences of complex networks and the brain that will be an essential foundation for future research.

Player Development

Player Development Book
Author : John Cone,Gareth Smith
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2022-08-01
ISBN : 1000622053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Player Development: The Holistic Method provides the first holistic, evidence-based performance development method in sport. Focusing on the world’s largest sport, soccer, this book weaves together the interconnected layers driving player performance development to define a novel training method. In performance sport, narratives defining success or failure are steeped with stories of chance. The reality is that player performance and athlete development leading to career success is the byproduct of optimizing interconnected experiences toward maximizing the likelihood of individual success. It is the application of a holistic method that reduces the influence of luck and increases the likelihood of individual and team success. This book is the pathway to understanding and facilitating individual player development leading to elite performance success. This book reveals not only a holistic method, but also a universal method breaking down perceived and real barriers to provide a method transcending domains and specializations – a unified approach. The book introduces an evidence-based method toward performance development in soccer. It is key reading for students of coaching, talent development, sport performance and ancillary specializations, and practicing professionals in the field of player and performance development and coaching.

Brain Network Dysfunction in Neuropsychiatric Illness

Brain Network Dysfunction in Neuropsychiatric Illness Book
Author : Vaibhav A. Diwadkar,Simon B. Eickhoff
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-11
ISBN : 3030597970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brain network function and dysfunction is the dominant model for understanding how the brain gives rise to normal and abnormal behavior. Moreover, neuropsychiatric illnesses continue to resist attempts to reveal an understanding of their bases. Thus, this timely volume provides a synthesis of the uses of multiple analytic methods as they are applied to neuroimaging data, to seek understanding of the neurobiological bases of psychiatric illnesses, understanding that can subsequently aid in their management and treatment. A principle focus is on the analyses and application of methods to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. fMRI remains the most widely used neuroimaging technique for estimating brain network function, and several of the methods covered can estimate brain network dysfunction in resting and task-active states. Additional chapters provide details on how these methods are (and can be) applied in the understanding of several neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, mood disorders, autism, borderline personality disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A final complement of chapters provides a collective overview of how this framework continues to provoke theoretical advances in our conception of the brain in psychiatry. This unique volume is designed to be a comprehensive resource for imaging researchers interested in psychiatry, and for psychiatrists interested in advanced imaging applications.

Discovering the Human Connectome

Discovering the Human Connectome Book
Author : Olaf Sporns
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2012-09-07
ISBN : 0262304805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A pioneer in the field outlines new empirical and computational approaches to mapping the neural connections of the human brain. Crucial to understanding how the brain works is connectivity, and the centerpiece of brain connectivity is the connectome, a comprehensive description of how neurons and brain regions are connected. In this book, Olaf Sporns surveys current efforts to chart these connections—to map the human connectome. He argues that the nascent field of connectomics has already begun to influence the way many neuroscientists collect, analyze, and think about their data. Moreover, the idea of mapping the connections of the human brain in their entirety has captured the imaginations of researchers across several disciplines including human cognition, brain and mental disorders, and complex systems and networks. Discovering the Human Connectome offers the first comprehensive overview of current empirical and computational approaches in this rapidly developing field.

Fundamentals of Neural Network Modeling

Fundamentals of Neural Network Modeling Book
Author : Randolph W. Parks,Daniel S. Levine,Debra L. Long
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780262161756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides an introduction to the neural network modeling of complex cognitive and neuropsychological processes. Over the past few years, computer modeling has become more prevalent in the clinical sciences as an alternative to traditional symbol-processing models. This book provides an introduction to the neural network modeling of complex cognitive and neuropsychological processes. It is intended to make the neural network approach accessible to practicing neuropsychologists, psychologists, neurologists, and psychiatrists. It will also be a useful resource for computer scientists, mathematicians, and interdisciplinary cognitive neuroscientists. The editors (in their introduction) and contributors explain the basic concepts behind modeling and avoid the use of high-level mathematics. The book is divided into four parts. Part I provides an extensive but basic overview of neural network modeling, including its history, present, and future trends. It also includes chapters on attention, memory, and primate studies. Part II discusses neural network models of behavioral states such as alcohol dependence, learned helplessness, depression, and waking and sleeping. Part III presents neural network models of neuropsychological tests such as the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task, the Tower of Hanoi, and the Stroop Test. Finally, part IV describes the application of neural network models to dementia: models of acetycholine and memory, verbal fluency, Parkinsons disease, and Alzheimer's disease. Contributors J. Wesson Ashford, Rajendra D. Badgaiyan, Jean P. Banquet, Yves Burnod, Nelson Butters, John Cardoso, Agnes S. Chan, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Kerry L. Coburn, Jonathan D. Cohen, Laurent Cohen, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal, Antonio R. Damasio, Hanna Damasio, Stanislas Dehaene, Martha J. Farah, Joaquin M. Fuster, Philippe Gaussier, Angelika Gissler, Dylan G. Harwood, Michael E. Hasselmo, J, Allan Hobson, Sam Leven, Daniel S. Levine, Debra L. Long, Roderick K. Mahurin, Raymond L. Ownby, Randolph W. Parks, Michael I. Posner, David P. Salmon, David Servan-Schreiber, Chantal E. Stern, Jeffrey P. Sutton, Lynette J. Tippett, Daniel Tranel, Bradley Wyble

A First Course in Network Science

A First Course in Network Science Book
Author : Filippo Menczer,Santo Fortunato,Clayton A. Davis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-01-31
ISBN : 1108471137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical introduction to network science for students across business, cognitive science, neuroscience, sociology, biology, engineering and other disciplines.

Cognition in Multiple Sclerosis

Cognition in Multiple Sclerosis Book
Author : Antonio Carotenuto,Rosa Cortese,Massimiliano Di Filippo,Roberta Lanzillo
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-10-20
ISBN : 2889715043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We would like to acknowledge that Dr. Monica Margoni, University of Padua, Italy, has acted as a coordinator and has contributed to the preparation of the proposal for this Research Topic.

Machine Vision and Augmented Intelligence Theory and Applications

Machine Vision and Augmented Intelligence   Theory and Applications Book
Author : Manish Kumar Bajpai,Koushlendra Kumar Singh,George Giakos
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-10
ISBN : 9811650780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprises the proceedings of the International Conference on Machine Vision and Augmented Intelligence (MAI 2021) held at IIIT, Jabalpur, in February 2021. The conference proceedings encapsulate the best deliberations held during the conference. The diversity of participants in the event from academia, industry, and research reflects in the articles appearing in the volume. The book theme encompasses all industrial and non-industrial applications in which a combination of hardware and software provides operational guidance to devices in the execution of their functions based on the capture and processing of images. This book covers a wide range of topics such as modeling of disease transformation, epidemic forecast, COVID-19, image processing and computer vision, augmented intelligence, soft computing, deep learning, image reconstruction, artificial intelligence in healthcare, brain-computer interface, cybersecurity, and social network analysis, natural language processing, etc.

The Bipolar Brain

The Bipolar Brain Book
Author : Stephen Strakowski
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2022
ISBN : 0197574521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Although efforts to examine the structure and function of the human brain stretch back centuries (Paluzzi et al, 2007), techniques allowing the study of living humans are a relatively recent development. Early investigators confined themselves to largely studying external features, with 18th century methodologies such as phrenology purporting to link extracranial proxies for brain size and structure to specific personality traits (Livianos-Aldana et al, 2007). However, these techniques did not prove useful for either clinical or research purposes. Two-dimensional x-ray imaging, while constituting an important medical advance, did not provide sufficient soft tissue contrast to be useful for studying "functional" psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder; techniques to enhance contrast, such as ventriculography and pneumoencephalography were similarly limited (Figure 1.1). Wide-spread in vivo studies of brain morphometry had to await the development of computed tomography imaging (CT) in the early 1970s. By the early 1980s CT was already being applied to the study of bipolar disorder (Pearlson et al, 1981)"--

The Neuroimaging of Brain Diseases

The Neuroimaging of Brain Diseases Book
Author : Christophe Habas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-15
ISBN : 3319789260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Notable experts in the field of neuroimaging provide comprehensive overviews of advances in functional and structural aspects of both common and uncommon brain disorders. Functional imaging is evolving quickly but researchers and clinicians do not always have a strong understanding of the fundamental basis of the imaging techniques that they use. By focusing on both structure and function this book will provide a strong foundation for emerging developments in the field.

Integrative Brain Function Down Under

Integrative Brain Function Down Under Book
Author : Greg Stuart,Pankaj Sah,Gary F. Egan
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 2889660699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Integrative Brain Function Down Under book written by Greg Stuart,Pankaj Sah,Gary F. Egan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention MICCAI 2020

Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention     MICCAI 2020 Book
Author : Anne L. Martel,Purang Abolmaesumi,Danail Stoyanov,Diana Mateus,Maria A. Zuluaga,S. Kevin Zhou,Daniel Racoceanu,Leo Joskowicz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-02
ISBN : 3030597288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The seven-volume set LNCS 12261, 12262, 12263, 12264, 12265, 12266, and 12267 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2020, held in Lima, Peru, in October 2020. The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 542 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 1809 submissions in a double-blind review process. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: Part I: machine learning methodologies Part II: image reconstruction; prediction and diagnosis; cross-domain methods and reconstruction; domain adaptation; machine learning applications; generative adversarial networks Part III: CAI applications; image registration; instrumentation and surgical phase detection; navigation and visualization; ultrasound imaging; video image analysis Part IV: segmentation; shape models and landmark detection Part V: biological, optical, microscopic imaging; cell segmentation and stain normalization; histopathology image analysis; opthalmology Part VI: angiography and vessel analysis; breast imaging; colonoscopy; dermatology; fetal imaging; heart and lung imaging; musculoskeletal imaging Part VI: brain development and atlases; DWI and tractography; functional brain networks; neuroimaging; positron emission tomography

Law Public Policies and Complex Systems Networks in Action

Law  Public Policies and Complex Systems  Networks in Action Book
Author : Romain Boulet,Claire Lajaunie,Pierre Mazzega
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-07
ISBN : 3030115062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book investigates how various scientific communities – e.g. legal scientists, political scientists, sociologists, mathematicians, and computer scientists – study law and public policies, which are portrayed here as complex systems. Today, research on law and public policies is rapidly developing at the international level, relying heavily on modeling that employs innovative methods for concrete implementation. Among the subject matter discussed, law as a network of evolving and interactive norms is now a prominent sphere of study. Similarly, public policies are now a topic in their own right, as policy can no longer be examined as a linear process; rather, its study should reflect the complexity of the networks of actors, norms and resources involved, as well as the uncertainty or weak predictability of their direct or indirect impacts. The book is divided into three maain parts: complexity faced by jurists, complexity in action and public policies, and complexity and networks. The main themes examined concern codification, governance, climate change, normative networks, health, water management, use-related conflicts, legal regime conflicts, and the use of indicators.

Introduction to Resting State fMRI Functional Connectivity

Introduction to Resting State fMRI Functional Connectivity Book
Author : Janine Bijsterbosch,Stephen M. Smith,Christian F. Beckmann
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-05-19
ISBN : 0192535749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spontaneous 'resting-state' fluctuations in neuronal activity offer insights into the inherent organisation of the human brain, and may provide markers for diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can be used to investigate intrinsic functional connectivity networks, which are identified based on similarities in the signal measured from different regions. From data acquisition to results interpretation, An Introduction to Resting State fMRI Functional Connectivity discusses a wide range of approaches without expecting previous knowledge of the reader, making it truly accessible to readers from a broad range of backgrounds. Supplemented with online examples to enable the reader to obtain hands-on experience working with data, the text also provides details to enhance learning for those already experienced in the field. The Oxford Neuroimaging Primers are written for new researchers or advanced undergraduates in neuroimaging to provide a thorough understanding of the ways in which neuroimaging data can be analysed and interpreted. Aimed at students without a background in mathematics or physics, this book is also important reading for those familiar with task fMRI but new to the field of resting state fMRI.

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation Book
Author : Kara D. Federmeier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-06-24
ISBN : 0323990991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Volume 76, the latest release in this ongoing series, features empirical and theoretical contributions in cognitive and experimental psychology, ranging from classical and instrumental conditioning, to complex learning and problem-solving. Presents the latest information in the highly regarded Psychology of Learning and Motivation series Provides an essential reference for researchers and academics in cognitive science Contains information relevant to both applied concerns and basic research

Brain Informatics

Brain Informatics Book
Author : Shouyi Wang,Vicky Yamamoto,Jianzhong Su,Yang Yang,Erick Jones,Leon Iasemidis,Tom Mitchell
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 3030055876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Conference on Brain Informatics, BI 2018, held in Arlington, TX, USA, in December 2018. The 46 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers are grouped thematically on cognitive and computational foundations of brain science, human information processing systems, brain big data analysis, curation and management, informatics paradigms for brain and mental health research, brain-machine intelligence and brain-inspired computing.

Fundamentals of Computational Neuroscience

Fundamentals of Computational Neuroscience Book
Author : Thomas Trappenberg
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0199568413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of Fundamentals of Computational Neuroscience build on the success and strengths of the first edition. Completely redesigned and revised, it introduces the theoretical foundations of neuroscience with a focus on the nature of information processing in the brain.

Progresses in Artificial Intelligence and Neural Systems

Progresses in Artificial Intelligence and Neural Systems Book
Author : Anna Esposito,Marcos Faundez-Zanuy,Francesco Carlo Morabito,Eros Pasero
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-09
ISBN : 981155093X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the current advances in artificial intelligence and neural nets. Artificial intelligence (AI) methods have shown great capabilities in modelling, prediction and recognition tasks supporting human–machine interaction. At the same time, the issue of emotion has gained increasing attention due to its relevance in achieving human-like interaction with machines. The real challenge is taking advantage of the emotional characterization of humans’ interactions to make computers interfacing with them emotionally and socially credible. The book assesses how and to what extent current sophisticated computational intelligence tools might support the multidisciplinary research on the characterization of appropriate system reactions to human emotions and expressions in interactive scenarios. Discussing the latest recent research trends, innovative approaches and future challenges in AI from interdisciplinary perspectives, it is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in academia and industry.