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Fundamentals And Analytical Applications Of Multiway Calibration

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Fundamentals and Analytical Applications of Multiway Calibration

Fundamentals and Analytical Applications of Multiway Calibration Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-10
ISBN : 0444635378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals and Analytical Applications of Multi-Way Calibration presents researchers with a set of effective tools they can use to obtain the maximum information from instrumental data. It includes the most advanced techniques, methods, and algorithms related to multi-way calibration and the ways they can be applied to solve actual analytical problems. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of the main aspects of multi-way analysis, including fundamentals and selected applications of chemometrics that can resolve complex analytical chemistry problems through the use of multi-way calibration. Includes the most advanced techniques, methods, and algorithms related to multi-way calibration and the ways they can be applied to solve actual analytical problems Presents researchers with a set of effective tools they can use to obtain the maximum information from instrumental data Provides comprehensive coverage of the main aspects of multi-way analysis, including fundamentals and selected applications of chemometrics

Food Safety and Preservation

Food Safety and Preservation Book
Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-18
ISBN : 0128149574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food Safety and Preservation: Modern Biological Approaches to Improving Consumer Health explores the most recent and investigated hot topics in food safety, microbial contamination, food-borne diseases and advanced preservation methods. It brings together the significant, evidence-based scientific progress of various approaches to improve the safety and quality of foods, also offering solutions to help address food industry challenges. Recent studies and technological advancements in biological control are presented to control foodborne pathogens. In addition, analytical methods for reducing potential biological hazards make this book essential to researchers, scientists, technologists and grad students. Covers all aspects of food contamination, from food degradation, to food-borne diseases Examines validated, biological control approaches to reduce microbial and chemical contamination Includes detailed discussions of risk and safety assessments in food preservation

Quantitative Psychology

Quantitative Psychology Book
Author : Marie Wiberg,Steven Culpepper,Rianne Janssen,Jorge González,Dylan Molenaar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 331977249X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings book highlights the latest research and developments in psychometrics and statistics. Featuring contributions presented at the 82nd Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society (IMPS), organized by the University of Zurich and held in Zurich, Switzerland from July 17 to 21, 2017, its 34 chapters address a diverse range of psychometric topics including item response theory, factor analysis, causal inference, Bayesian statistics, test equating, cognitive diagnostic models and multistage adaptive testing. The IMPS is one of the largest international meetings on quantitative measurement in psychology, education and the social sciences, attracting over 500 participants and 250 paper presentations from around the world every year. This book gathers the contributions of selected presenters, which were subsequently expanded and peer-reviewed.

Resolving Spectral Mixtures

Resolving Spectral Mixtures Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-08-13
ISBN : 0444636447
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resolving Spectral Mixtures: With Applications from Ultrafast Time-Resolved Spectroscopy to Superresolution Imaging offers a comprehensive look into the most important models and frameworks essential to resolving the spectral unmixing problem—from multivariate curve resolution and multi-way analysis to Bayesian positive source separation and nonlinear unmixing. Unravelling total spectral data into the contributions from individual unknown components with limited prior information is a complex problem that has attracted continuous interest for almost four decades. Spectral unmixing is a topic of interest in statistics, chemometrics, signal processing, and image analysis. For decades, researchers from these fields were often unaware of the work in other disciplines due to their different scientific and technical backgrounds and interest in different objects or samples. This led to the development of quite different approaches to solving the same problem. This multi-authored book will bridge the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and strongly active chemometric and signal processing research groups. Among chemists, multivariate curve resolution methods are preferred to extract information about the nature, amount, and location in time (process) and space (imaging and microscopy) of chemical constituents in complex samples. In signal processing, assumptions are usually around statistical independence of the extracted components. However, the chapters include the complexity of the spectral data to be unmixed as well as dimensionality and size of the data sets. Advanced spectroscopy is the key thread linking the different chapters. Applications cover a large part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Time-resolution ranges from femtosecond to second in process spectroscopy and spatial resolution covers the submicronic to macroscopic scale in hyperspectral imaging. Demonstrates how and why data analysis, signal processing, and chemometrics are essential to the spectral unmixing problem Guides the reader through the fundamentals and details of the different methods Presents extensive plots, graphical representations, and illustrations to help readers understand the features of different techniques and to interpret results Bridges the gap between disciplines with contributions from a number of well-known and highly active chemometric and signal processing research groups

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds Book
Author : Young-Cheol Chang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-01-30
ISBN : 1351721992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Biodegradation of Xenobiotic Compounds examines and collects the recent information on the bioremediation technologies around the world. This book focuses on methods to decrease pollutants created by anthropogenic activities, industrial activities, and agricultural activities. This book answers some of the questions about – how to reduce contaminants? And whether there is a possibility of converting these pollutants in to useful energy by advanced biotechnological methods? The book combines present obtainable data with the expert knowledge of researchers from all over the world covering different aspects of environmental biotechnology and microbiology. It covers basic concepts of bioremediation and various methods involved in the bioremediation process, and provides specific chapters on the role of different genes and enzymes involved in microbial bioremediation process. It also gives special attention to heavy metal bioremediation by microalgae and the mechanisms involved during the degradation process. Recent innovative technologies about converting toxic pollutants in to useful energy like bioplastics and electricity are also discussed by specialist authors. Various chapters address the bioremediation of pesticides in soil using microbial metabolites, and molecular aspects of biodegradation which cover topics including identification of novel genes through the metagenomic approach and bioremediation using fungal laccase enzymes.

Practical Three Way Calibration

Practical Three Way Calibration Book
Author : Alejandro Olivieri,Graciela M. Escandar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-03-15
ISBN : 0124104541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Practical Three-Way Calibration is an introductory-level guide to the complex field of analytical calibration with three-way instrumental data. With minimal use of mathematical/statistical expressions, it walks the reader through the analytical methodologies with helpful images and step-by-step explanations. Unlike other books on the subject, there is no need for prior programming experience and no need to learn programming languages. Easy-to-use graphical interfaces and intuitive descriptions of mathematical and statistical concepts make three-way calibration methodologies accessible to analytical chemists and scientists in a wide range of disciplines in industry and academia. Numerous detailed examples of slowly increasing complexity Exposure to several different data sets and techniques through figures and diagrams Computer program screenshots for easy learning without prior knowledge of programming languages Minimal use of mathematical/statistical expressions

Comprehensive Chemometrics

Comprehensive Chemometrics Book
Author : Steven Brown,Roma Tauler,Beata Walczak
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-26
ISBN : 0444641661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Chemometrics, Second Edition features expanded and updated coverage, along with new content that covers advances in the field since the previous edition published in 2009. Subject of note include updates in the fields of multidimensional and megavariate data analysis, omics data analysis, big chemical and biochemical data analysis, data fusion and sparse methods. The book follows a similar structure to the previous edition, using the same section titles to frame articles. Many chapters from the previous edition are updated, but there are also many new chapters on the latest developments. Presents integrated reviews of each chemical and biological method, examining their merits and limitations through practical examples and extensive visuals Bridges a gap in knowledge, covering developments in the field since the first edition published in 2009 Meticulously organized, with articles split into 4 sections and 12 sub-sections on key topics to allow students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information quickly and easily Written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions to ensure that the knowledge within is easily understood and applicable to a large audience Presents integrated reviews of each chemical and biological method, examining their merits and limitations through practical examples and extensive visuals Bridges a gap in knowledge, covering developments in the field since the first edition published in 2009 Meticulously organized, with articles split into 4 sections and 12 sub-sections on key topics to allow students, researchers and professionals to find relevant information quickly and easily Written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions to ensure that the knowledge within is easily understood and applicable to a large audience

Multivariate Calibration

Multivariate Calibration Book
Author : Harald Martens,Tormod Næs
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1992-08-07
ISBN : 9780471930471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multivariate Calibration Harald Martens, Chemist, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Aas, Norway and Norwegian Computing Center, Oslo, Norway Tormod Næs, Statistician, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Aas, Norway The aim of this inter-disciplinary book is to present an up-to-date view of multivariate calibration of analytical instruments, for use in research, development and routine laboratory and process operation. The book is intended to show practitioners in chemistry and technology how to extract the quantitative and understandable information embedded in non-selective, overwhelming and apparently useless measurements by multivariate data analysis. Multivariate calibration is the process of learning how to combine data from several channels, in order to overcome selectivity problems, gain new insight and allow automatic outlier detection. Multivariate calibration is the basis for the present success of high-speed Near-Infrared (NIR) diffuse spectroscopy of intact samples. But the technique is very general: it has shown similar advantages in, for instance, UV, Vis, and IR spectrophotometry, (transmittance, reflectance and fluorescence), for x-ray diffraction, NMR, MS, thermal analysis, chromatography (GC, HPLC) and for electrophoresis and image analysis (tomography, microscopy), as well as other techniques. The book is written at two levels: the main level is structured as a tutorial on the practical use of multivariate calibration techniques. It is intended for university courses and self-study for chemists and technologists, giving one complete and versatile approach, based mainly on data compression methodology in self-modelling PLS regression, with considerations of experimental design, data pre-processing and model validation. A second, more methodological, level is intended for statisticians and specialists in chemometrics. It compares several alternative calibration methods, validation approaches and ways to optimize the models. The book also outlines some cognitive changes needed in analytical chemistry, and suggests ways to overcome some communication problems between statistics and chemistry and technology.

Data Fusion Methodology and Applications

Data Fusion Methodology and Applications Book
Author : Marina Cocchi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-11
ISBN : 0444639853
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Fusion Methodology and Applications explores the data-driven discovery paradigm in science and the need to handle large amounts of diverse data. Drivers of this change include the increased availability and accessibility of hyphenated analytical platforms, imaging techniques, the explosion of omics data, and the development of information technology. As data-driven research deals with an inductive attitude that aims to extract information and build models capable of inferring the underlying phenomena from the data itself, this book explores the challenges and methodologies used to integrate data from multiple sources, analytical platforms, different modalities, and varying timescales. Presents the first comprehensive textbook on data fusion, focusing on all aspects of data-driven discovery Includes comprehensible, theoretical chapters written for large and diverse audiences Provides a wealth of selected application to the topics included

Plant Image Analysis

Plant Image Analysis Book
Author : S Dutta Gupta,Yasuomi Ibaraki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-09-17
ISBN : 1466583010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The application of imaging techniques in plant and agricultural sciences had previously been confined to images obtained through remote sensing techniques. Technological advancements now allow image analysis for the nondestructive and objective evaluation of biological objects. This has opened a new window in the field of plant science. Plant Image Analysis: Fundamentals and Applications introduces the basic concepts of image analysis and discusses various techniques in plant imaging, their applications, and future potential. Several types of imaging techniques are discussed including RGB, hyperspectral, thermal, PRI, chlorophyll fluorescence, ROS, and chromosome imaging. The book also covers the use of these techniques in assessing plant growth, early detection of disease and stress, fruit crop yield, plant chromosome analysis, plant phenotyping, and nutrient status both in vivo and in vitro. The book is an authoritative guide for researchers and those teaching in the fields of stress physiology, precision agriculture, agricultural biotechnology, and cell and developmental biology. Graduate students and professionals using machine vision in plant science will also benefit from this comprehensive resource.

Chemometrics and Cheminformatics in Aquatic Toxicology

Chemometrics and Cheminformatics in Aquatic Toxicology Book
Author : Kunal Roy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-01-06
ISBN : 1119681596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

CHEMOMETRICS AND CHEMINFORMATICS IN AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY Explore chemometric and cheminformatic techniques and tools in aquatic toxicology Chemometrics and Cheminformatics in Aquatic Toxicology delivers an exploration of the existing and emerging problems of contamination of the aquatic environment through various metal and organic pollutants, including industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, biocides, nanomaterials, pesticides, surfactants, dyes, and more. The book discusses different chemometric and cheminformatic tools for non-experts and their application to the analysis and modeling of toxicity data of chemicals to various aquatic organisms. You’ll learn about a variety of aquatic toxicity databases and chemometric software tools and webservers as well as practical examples of model development, including illustrations. You’ll also find case studies and literature reports to round out your understanding of the subject. Finally, you’ll learn about tools and protocols including machine learning, data mining, and QSAR and ligand-based chemical design methods. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to chemometric and cheminformatic tools and techniques, including machine learning and data mining An exploration of aquatic toxicity databases, chemometric software tools, and webservers Practical examples and case studies to highlight and illustrate the concepts contained within the book A concise treatment of chemometric and cheminformatic tools and their application to the analysis and modeling of toxicity data Perfect for researchers and students in chemistry and the environmental and pharmaceutical sciences, Chemometrics and Cheminformatics in Aquatic Toxicology will also earn a place in the libraries of professionals in the chemical industry and regulators whose work involves chemometrics.

Automobile Electrical and Electronic Systems

Automobile Electrical and Electronic Systems Book
Author : Tom Denton
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-12
ISBN : 1317931289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook will help you learn all the skills you need to pass all Vehicle Electrical and Electronic Systems courses and qualifications. As electrical and electronic systems become increasingly more complex and fundamental to the workings of modern vehicles, understanding these systems is essential for automotive technicians. For students new to the subject, this book will help to develop this knowledge, but will also assist experienced technicians in keeping up with recent technological advances. This new edition includes information on developments in pass-through technology, multiplexing, and engine control systems. In full colour and covering the latest course specifications, this is the guide that no student enrolled on an automotive maintenance and repair course should be without. Designed to make learning easier, this book contains: Photographs, flow charts, quick reference tables, overview descriptions and step-by-step instructions. Case studies to help you put the principles covered into a real-life context. Useful margin features throughout, including definitions, key facts and ‘safety first’ considerations.

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems Book
Author : Thomas S. Bianchi,Elizabeth A. Canuel
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2011-02-28
ISBN : 1400839106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of a biogeochemical approach that has been quite successful but underused. This book offers a wide-ranging guide to the broad diversity of these chemical biomarkers, is the first to be structured around the compounds themselves, and examines them in a connected and comprehensive way. This timely book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students seeking training in this area; researchers in biochemistry, organic geochemistry, and biogeochemistry; researchers working on aspects of organic cycling in aquatic ecosystems; and paleoceanographers, petroleum geologists, and ecologists. Provides a guide to the broad diversity of chemical biomarkers in aquatic environments The first textbook to be structured around the compounds themselves Describes the structure, biochemical synthesis, analysis, and reactivity of each class of biomarkers Offers a selection of relevant applications to aquatic systems, including lakes, rivers, estuaries, oceans, and paleoenvironments Demonstrates the utility of using organic molecules as tracers of processes occurring in aquatic ecosystems, both modern and ancient

Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Book
Author : Frank H. Stephenson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-30
ISBN : 9780123756916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Calculations for Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: A Guide to Mathematics in the Laboratory, Second Edition, provides an introduction to the myriad of laboratory calculations used in molecular biology and biotechnology. The book begins by discussing the use of scientific notation and metric prefixes, which require the use of exponents and an understanding of significant digits. It explains the mathematics involved in making solutions; the characteristics of cell growth; the multiplicity of infection; and the quantification of nucleic acids. It includes chapters that deal with the mathematics involved in the use of radioisotopes in nucleic acid research; the synthesis of oligonucleotides; the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method; and the development of recombinant DNA technology. Protein quantification and the assessment of protein activity are also discussed, along with the centrifugation method and applications of PCR in forensics and paternity testing. Topics range from basic scientific notations to complex subjects like nucleic acid chemistry and recombinant DNA technology Each chapter includes a brief explanation of the concept and covers necessary definitions, theory and rationale for each type of calculation Recent applications of the procedures and computations in clinical, academic, industrial and basic research laboratories are cited throughout the text New to this Edition: Updated and increased coverage of real time PCR and the mathematics used to measure gene expression More sample problems in every chapter for readers to practice concepts

Data Mining Concepts and Techniques

Data Mining  Concepts and Techniques Book
Author : Jiawei Han,Jian Pei,Micheline Kamber
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-06-09
ISBN : 9780123814807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Mining: Concepts and Techniques provides the concepts and techniques in processing gathered data or information, which will be used in various applications. Specifically, it explains data mining and the tools used in discovering knowledge from the collected data. This book is referred as the knowledge discovery from data (KDD). It focuses on the feasibility, usefulness, effectiveness, and scalability of techniques of large data sets. After describing data mining, this edition explains the methods of knowing, preprocessing, processing, and warehousing data. It then presents information about data warehouses, online analytical processing (OLAP), and data cube technology. Then, the methods involved in mining frequent patterns, associations, and correlations for large data sets are described. The book details the methods for data classification and introduces the concepts and methods for data clustering. The remaining chapters discuss the outlier detection and the trends, applications, and research frontiers in data mining. This book is intended for Computer Science students, application developers, business professionals, and researchers who seek information on data mining. Presents dozens of algorithms and implementation examples, all in pseudo-code and suitable for use in real-world, large-scale data mining projects Addresses advanced topics such as mining object-relational databases, spatial databases, multimedia databases, time-series databases, text databases, the World Wide Web, and applications in several fields Provides a comprehensive, practical look at the concepts and techniques you need to get the most out of your data

Practical Guide To Chemometrics

Practical Guide To Chemometrics Book
Author : Paul Gemperline
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-04-16
ISBN : 1420018302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The limited coverage of data analysis and statistics offered in most undergraduate and graduate analytical chemistry courses is usually focused on practical aspects of univariate methods. Drawing in real-world examples, Practical Guide to Chemometrics, Second Edition offers an accessible introduction to application-oriented multivariate meth

Introduction to Multivariate Calibration

Introduction to Multivariate Calibration Book
Author : Alejandro C. Olivieri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-20
ISBN : 3319970976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an introductory-level guide to the complex field of multivariate analytical calibration, with particular emphasis on real applications such as near infrared spectroscopy. It presents intuitive descriptions of mathematical and statistical concepts, illustrated with a wealth of figures and diagrams, and consistently highlights physicochemical interpretation rather than mathematical issues. In addition, it describes an easy-to-use and freely available graphical interface, together with a variety of appropriate examples and exercises. Lastly, it discusses recent advances in the field (figures of merit, detection limit, non-linear calibration, method comparison), together with modern literature references.

Data Mining for Genomics and Proteomics

Data Mining for Genomics and Proteomics Book
Author : Darius M. Dziuda
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-07-16
ISBN : 9780470593400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Mining for Genomics and Proteomics uses pragmatic examples and a complete case study to demonstrate step-by-step how biomedical studies can be used to maximize the chance of extracting new and useful biomedical knowledge from data. It is an excellent resource for students and professionals involved with gene or protein expression data in a variety of settings.

MEG

MEG Book
Author : Peter Hansen,Morten Kringelbach,Riitta Salmelin
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-07-01
ISBN : 9780199719136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is an exciting brain imaging technology that allows real-time tracking of neural activity, making it an invaluable tool for advancing our understanding of brain function. In this comprehensive introduction to MEG, Peter Hansen, Morten Kringelbach, and Riitta Salmelin have brought together the leading researchers to provide the basic tools for planning and executing MEG experiments, as well as analyzing and interpreting the resulting data. Chapters on the basics describe the fundamentals of MEG and its instrumentation, and provide guidelines for designing experiments and performing successful measurements. Chapters on data analysis present it in detail, from general concepts and assumptions to analysis of evoked responses and oscillatory background activity. Chapters on solutions propose potential solutions to the inverse problem using techniques such as minimum norm estimates, spatial filters and beamformers. Chapters on combinations elucidate how MEG can be used to complement other neuroimaging techniques. Chapters on applications provide practical examples of how to use MEG to study sensory processing and cognitive tasks, and how MEG can be used in a clinical setting. These chapters form a complete basic reference source for those interested in exploring or already using MEG that will hopefully inspire them to try to develop new, exciting approaches to designing and analyzing their own studies. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers from diverse fields, including neuroimaging, cognitive neuroscience, medical imaging, computer modelling, as well as for clinical practitioners.