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Fundamental Principles Of Engineering Nanometrology

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Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology Book
Author : Richard Leach
Publisher : William Andrew Publishing
Release : 2014-06-01
ISBN : 9781455777532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Working at the nano-scale demands an understanding of the high-precision measurement techniques that make nanotechnology and advanced manufacturing possible. Richard Leach introduces these techniques to a broad audience of engineers and scientists involved in nanotechnology and manufacturing applications and research. He also provides a routemap and toolkit for metrologists engaging with the rigor of measurement and data analysis at the nano-scale. Starting from the fundamentals of precision measurement, the author progresses into different measurement and characterization techniques. The focus on nanometrology in engineering contexts makes this book an essential guide for the emerging nanomanufacturing / nanofabrication sector, where measurement and standardization requirements are paramount both in product specification and quality assurance. This book provides engineers and scientists with the methods and understanding needed to design and produce high-performance, long-lived products while ensuring that compliance and public health requirements are met. Updated to cover new and emerging technologies, and recent developments in standards and regulatory frameworks, this second edition includes many new sections, e.g. new technologies in scanning probe and e-beam microscopy, recent developments in interferometry and advances in co-ordinate metrology. Demystifies nanometrology for a wide audience of engineers, scientists, and students involved in nanotech and advanced manufacturing applications and research Introduces metrologists to the specific techniques and equipment involved in measuring at the nano-scale or to nano-scale uncertainty Fully updated to cover the latest technological developments, standards, and regulations

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology Book
Author : Richard Leach
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2009-09-03
ISBN : 9781437778328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology provides a comprehensive overview of engineering metrology and how it relates to micro and nanotechnology (MNT) research and manufacturing. By combining established knowledge with the latest advances from the field, it presents a comprehensive single volume that can be used for professional reference and academic study. Provides a basic introduction to measurement and instruments Thoroughly presents numerous measurement techniques, from static length and displacement to surface topography, mass and force Covers multiple optical surface measuring instruments and related topics (interferometry, triangulation, confocal , variable focus, and scattering instruments) Explains, in depth, the calibration of surface topography measuring instruments (traceability; calibration of profile and areal surface texture measuring instruments; uncertainties) Discusses the material in a way that is comprehensible to even those with only a limited mathematical knowledge

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology Second Edition

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology  Second Edition Book
Author : Richard Leach
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering the latest technological developments, standards, and regulations, this book provides you with the methods and understanding needed to design and produce high-performance, long-lived products while ensuring that compliance and public health requirements are met. --

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology Second Edition Micro and N

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology  Second Edition  Micro and N Book
Author : Rex van Kruistum
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-12-23
ISBN : 9781505530216
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology ("nanotech") is the manipulation of matter on an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative, which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers. This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold. It is therefore common to see the plural form "nanotechnologies" as well as "nanoscale technologies" to refer to the broad range of research and applications whose common trait is size. Because of the variety of potential applications (including industrial and military), governments have invested billions of dollars in nanotechnology research. Through its National Nanotechnology Initiative, the USA has invested 3.7 billion dollars. The European Union has invested[when?] 1.2 billion and Japan 750 million dollars.

Micromanufacturing Engineering and Technology

Micromanufacturing Engineering and Technology Book
Author : Yi Qin
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2010-07-02
ISBN : 9780815519805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents applicable knowledge of technology, equipment and applications, and the core economic issues of micromanufacturing for anyone with a basic understanding of manufacturing, material, or product engineering. It explains micro-engineering issues (design, systems, materials, market and industrial development), technologies, facilities, organization, competitiveness, and innovation with an analysis of future potential. The machining, forming, and joining of miniature / micro-products are all covered in depth, covering: grinding/milling, laser applications, and photo chemical etching; embossing (hot & UV), injection molding and forming (bulk, sheet, hydro, laser); mechanical assembly, laser joining, soldering, and packaging. • Presents case studies, material and design considerations, working principles, process configurations, and information on tools, equipment, parameters and control • Explains the many facets of recently emerging additive / hybrid technologies and systems, incl: photo-electric-forming, liga, surface treatment, and thin film fabrication • Outlines system engineering issues pertaining to handling, metrology, testing, integration & software • Explains widely used micro parts in bio / medical industry, information technology and automotive engineering. • Covers technologies in high demand, such as: micro-mechanical-cutting, lasermachining, micro-forming, micro-EDM, micro-joining, photo-chemical-etching, photo-electro-forming, and micro-packaging

Basics of Precision Engineering

Basics of Precision Engineering Book
Author : Richard Leach,Stuart T. Smith
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-13
ISBN : 0429887434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in engineering precision have tracked with technological progress for hundreds of years. Over the last few decades, precision engineering has been the specific focus of research on an international scale. The outcome of this effort has been the establishment of a broad range of engineering principles and techniques that form the foundation of precision design. Today’s precision manufacturing machines and measuring instruments represent highly specialised processes that combine deterministic engineering with metrology. Spanning a broad range of technology applications, precision engineering principles frequently bring together scientific ideas drawn from mechanics, materials, optics, electronics, control, thermo-mechanics, dynamics, and software engineering. This book provides a collection of these principles in a single source. Each topic is presented at a level suitable for both undergraduate students and precision engineers in the field. Also included is a wealth of references and example problems to consolidate ideas, and help guide the interested reader to more advanced literature on specific implementations.

Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications Research Advancements

Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications  Research Advancements Book
Author : Santo, Loredana
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-02-28
ISBN : 1466652187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface engineering includes many facets of materials science that help regulate the function, quality, and safety of products such as automotive, textile, and electronic materials. New technologies are developing to help enhance the surface performance. Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications: Research Advancements provides recent developments in surface engineering techniques and applications. It details scientific and technological results while also giving insight to current research, economic impact, and environmental concerns so that academics, practitioners, and professionals in the field, as well as students studying these areas, can deepen their understanding of new surface processes.

Tribology and Surface Engineering for Industrial Applications

Tribology and Surface Engineering for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Catalin I. Pruncu,Amit Aherwar,Stanislav Gorb
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-24
ISBN : 1000475913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tribology is a multidisciplinary science that encompasses mechanical engineering, materials science, surface engineering, lubricants, and additives chemistry with tremendous applications. Tribology and Surface Engineering for Industrial Applications discusses the latest in tribology and surface engineering for industrial applications. This book: Offers information on coatings and surface diagnostics Explains a variety of techniques for improved performance Describes applications in automotive, wheel and rail materials, manufacturing, and wind turbines Written for researchers and advanced students, this book encompasses a wide-ranging view of the latest in industrial applications of tribology and surface engineering for a variety of cross-disciplinary applications.

Functional Nanomaterials and Devices for Electronics Sensors and Energy Harvesting

Functional Nanomaterials and Devices for Electronics  Sensors and Energy Harvesting Book
Author : Alexei Nazarov,Francis Balestra,Valeriya Kilchytska,Denis Flandre
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-28
ISBN : 3319088041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains reviews of recent experimental and theoretical results related to nanomaterials. It focuses on novel functional materials and nanostructures in combination with silicon on insulator (SOI) devices, as well as on the physics of new devices and sensors, nanostructured materials and nano scaled device characterization. Special attention is paid to fabrication and properties of modern low-power, high-performance, miniaturized, portable sensors in a wide range of applications such as telecommunications, radiation control, biomedical instrumentation and chemical analysis. In this book, new approaches exploiting nanotechnologies (such as UTBB FD SOI, Fin FETs, nanowires, graphene or carbon nanotubes on dielectric) to pave a way between “More Moore” and “More than Moore” are considered, in order to create different kinds of sensors and devices which will consume less electrical power, be more portable and totally compatible with modern microelectronics products.

Characterisation of Areal Surface Texture

Characterisation of Areal Surface Texture Book
Author : Richard Leach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-03
ISBN : 3642364586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The function of a component part can be profoundly affected by its surface topography. There are many examples in nature of surfaces that have a well-controlled topography to affect their function. Examples include the hydrophobic effect of the lotus leaf, the reduction of fluid drag due to the riblet structure of shark skin, the directional adhesion of the gecko foot and the angular sensitivity of the multi-faceted fly eye. Surface structuring is also being used extensively in modern manufacturing. In this way many properties can be altered, for example optical, tribological, biological and fluidic. Previously, single line (profile) measurements were adequate to control manufacture of surfaces, but as the need to control the functionality of surfaces increases, there is a growing need for three-dimensional (areal) measurement and characterisation techniques. For this reason there has been considerable research, development and standardisation of areal techniques. This book will present the areal framework that is being adopted by the international community. Whereas previous books have concentrated on the measurement aspects, this book concentrates on the characterisation techniques, i.e. how to interpret the measurement data to give the appropriate (functional) information for a given task. The first part of the book presents the characterisation methods and the second part case studies that highlight the use of areal methods in a broad range of subject areas - from automobile manufacture to archaeology. Contents Introduction to Surface Topography The Areal Field Parameters The Areal Feature Parameters Areal Filtering Methods Areal Form Removal Areal Fractal Methods Choosing the Appropriate Parameter Characterisation of Individual Areal Features Multi-Scale Signature of Surface Topography Correlation of Areal Surface Texture Parameters to Solar Cell Efficiency Characterisation of Cylinder Liner Honing Textures for Production Control Characterisation of the Mechanical Bond Strength for Copper on Glass Plating Applications Inspection of Laser Structured Cams and Conrods Road Surfaces

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography Book
Author : Richard Leach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 3642120121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The measurement and characterisation of surface topography is crucial to modern manufacturing industry. The control of areal surface structure allows a manufacturer to radically alter the functionality of a part. Examples include structuring to effect fluidics, optics, tribology, aerodynamics and biology. To control such manufacturing methods requires measurement strategies. There is now a large range of new optical techniques on the market, or being developed in academia, that can measure areal surface topography. Each method has its strong points and limitations. The book starts with introductory chapters on optical instruments, their common language, generic features and limitations, and their calibration. Each type of modern optical instrument is described (in a common format) by an expert in the field. The book is intended for both industrial and academic scientists and engineers, and will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate studies.

3D Printing Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

3D Printing  Breakthroughs in Research and Practice Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-10-06
ISBN : 1522516786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The advancement of modern technology has allowed for impressive developments in manufacturing processes. Out of these developments, 3D printing has emerged as a new method. 3D Printing: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is a comprehensive reference source for the latest research and advances on 3D printing processes, technologies, and methods. Highlighting emerging perspectives on manufacturing and industrial applications, this book is ideally designed for professionals, practitioners, students, and researchers interested in the latest developments and uses of 3D printing.

Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology

Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology Book
Author : David J. Whitehouse
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-12-20
ISBN : 9781420082029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the first edition, miniaturization and nanotechnology have become inextricably linked to traditional surface geometry and metrology. This interdependence of scales has had profound practical implications.Updated and expanded to reflect many new developments, Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology, Second Edition determines h

Computer Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System

Computer Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System Book
Author : Arwa Ahmed Gasm Elseid,Alnazier Osman Mohammed Hamza
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-14
ISBN : 1000070050
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness globally. Early detection and treatment can prevent its progression to avoid total blindness. This book discusses and reviews current approaches for detection and examines new approaches for diagnosing glaucoma using CAD system. Computer-Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System, Chapter 1 provides a brief introduction of the disease and current methodology used to diagnose it today. Chapter 2 presents a review of the medical background of the disease, followed by a theoretical and mathematical background used in fundus image processing. Chapter 3 is a literature review about segmentation and feature extraction. Chapter 4 describes the formulation of the proposed methodology. In Chapter 5, the results of optic disc and optic cup segmentation algorithm are presented, the feature extraction and selection method, experimental results and performance evaluations of the classifier are given. Chapter 6 presents the conclusions and discussion of the future potential for the diagnostic system. This book is intended for biomedical engineers, computer science students, ophthalmologists and radiologists looking to develop a reliable automated computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) for detecting glaucoma and improve diagnosis of the disease. Key Features Discusses a reliable automated computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) for detecting glaucoma and presents an algorithm that detects optic disc and optic cup Assists ophthalmologists and researchers to test a new diagnostic method that reduces the effort and time of the doctors and cost to the patients Discusses techniques to reduce human error and minimize the miss detection rate and facilitate early diagnosis and treatment Presents algorithms to detect cup and disc color, shape features and RNFL texture features Dr. Arwa Ahmed Gasm Elseid is an assistant professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan. Dr. Alnazier Osman Mohammed Hamza is professor of Medical Imaging, College of Engineering, Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.

Nanomaterials and Their Biomedical Applications

Nanomaterials and Their Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Tuhin Subhra Santra,Loganathan Mohan
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-16
ISBN : 9813362529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the evolution of, and novel challenges currently facing, nanomaterials science, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology, and their applications and development in the biological and biomedical fields. It details different nanoscale and nanostructured materials syntheses, processing, characterization, and applications, and considers improvements that can be made in nanostructured materials with their different biomedical applications. The book also briefly covers the state of the art of different nanomaterials design, synthesis, fabrication and their potential biomedical applications. It will be particularly useful for reading and research purposes, especially for science and engineering students, academics, and industrial researchers.

What is What in the Nanoworld

What is What in the Nanoworld Book
Author : Victor E. Borisenko,Stefano Ossicini
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-02-21
ISBN : 3527648380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third, partly revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended secondary sources for an extended study of any given subject. Each of the more than 2,200 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length, interprets the term or definition in question and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources. Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.

Advanced Metrology

Advanced Metrology Book
Author : X. Jane Jiang,Paul J. Scott
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-08
ISBN : 0128218169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Metrology: Freeform Surfaces provides the perfect guide for engineering designers and manufacturers interested in exploring the benefits of this technology. The inclusion of industrial case studies and examples will help readers to implement these techniques which are being developed across different industries as they offer improvements to the functional performance of products and reduce weight and cost. Includes case studies in every chapter to help readers implement the techniques discussed Provides unique advice from industry on hot subjects, including surface description and data processing Features links to online content, including video, code and software

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies Book
Author : Markku Tilli,Mervi Paulasto-Krockel,Teruaki Motooka,Veikko Lindroos
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-09-02
ISBN : 0323312233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies, and manufacturing that examines the state-of-the-art with a particular emphasis on silicon as the most important starting material used in MEMS. The book explains the fundamentals, properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), materials selection, preparation, manufacturing, processing, system integration, measurement, and materials characterization techniques, sensors, and multi-scale modeling methods of MEMS structures, silicon crystals, and wafers, also covering micromachining technologies in MEMS and encapsulation of MEMS components. Furthermore, it provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques, shows how to protect devices from the environment, and provides tactics to decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in costs. Provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques Shows how to protect devices from the environment and decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in packaging costs Discusses properties, preparation, and growth of silicon crystals and wafers Explains the many properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), manufacturing, processing, measuring (including focused beam techniques), and multiscale modeling methods of MEMS structures Geared towards practical applications rather than theory

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Surface Metrology

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Surface Metrology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : WPI Surface Metrology Lab
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1450742904
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Surface Metrology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Middle Ear

The Middle Ear Book
Author : Sunil Puria,Richard R. Fay,Arthur N. Popper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 1461465915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The middle ear plays a vital role in the sense and sensitivity of hearing. Of the various characteristics that distinguish mammals from other vertebrates, several pertain specifically to the middle-ear system, such as the presence of three middle-ear bones and the four-layer composite structure of the tympanic membrane. The Middle Ear attempts to elucidate the role this system plays in sound transmission, as viewed from both scientific and clinical perspectives.