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Fundamental Biomaterials Ceramics

Fundamental Biomaterials  Ceramics Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan,M.S. Sreekala
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-02-16
ISBN : 0081022042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental Biomaterials: Ceramics provides current information on ceramics and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Initial chapters review biomedical applications and types of ceramics, with subsequent sections focusing on the properties of ceramics, and on corrosion, degradation and wear of ceramic biomaterials. The book is ideal for researchers and professionals in the development stages of design, but is also helpful to medical researchers who need to understand and communicate the requirements of a biomaterial for a specific application. This title is the second in a three volume set, with each reviewing the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials and providing comprehensive information on material properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. In addition, with the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for large number of students at undergraduate and post graduate levels Provides current information on findings and developments of ceramics and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of the types of ceramics and a discussion of a range of biomedical applications and essential properties, including information on corrosion, degradation and wear, and lifetime prediction of ceramic biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of ceramics in biomaterials

Fundamentals of Biomaterials

Fundamentals of Biomaterials Book
Author : Vasif Hasirci,Nesrin Hasirci
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-26
ISBN : 1493988565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students covers the fundamental relationships between the structure and properties of materials and biological tissues. The successful integration of material and biological properties, shape, and architecture to engineer a wide range of optimized designs for specific functions is the ultimate aim of a biomaterials scientist. Relevant examples illustrate the intrinsic and tailored properties of metal, ceramic, polymeric, carbon-derived, composite, and naturally derived biomaterials. Fundamentals of Biomaterials is written in a single voice, ensuring clarity and continuity of the text and content. As a result, the reader will be gradually familiarized with the field, starting with materials and their properties and eventually leading to critical interactions with the host environment. Classical and novel examples illuminate topics from basic material properties to tissue engineering, nanobiomaterials, and guided tissue regeneration. This comprehensive and engaging text: integrates materials and biological properties to understand biomaterials function and design provides the basics of biological tissue components and hierarchy includes recent topics from tissue engineering and guided tissue regeneration to nanoarchitecture of biomaterials and their surfaces contains perspectives/case studies from widely-recognized experts in the field features chapter-ending summaries to help readers to identify the key, take-home messages.

Fundamental Biomaterials Metals

Fundamental Biomaterials  Metals Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan,M.S. Sreekala
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-07-19
ISBN : 0081022069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental Biomaterials: Metals provides current information on the development of metals and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Chapters analyze the properties of metals and discuss a range of biomedical applications, with a focus on orthopedics. While the book will be of great use to researchers and professionals in the development stages of design for more appropriate target materials, it will also help medical researchers understand, and more effectively communicate, the requirements for a specific application. With the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for students. It represents the second volume in a three volume set, each of which reviews the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials, providing comprehensive information on materials properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. Provides current information on metals and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of types of metals, discussion of a range of biomedical applications, and essential information on corrosion, degradation and wear and lifetime prediction of metal biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of metals in biomaterials

Biomaterials Science and Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials Science and Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Bikramjit Basu
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2017-09-15
ISBN : 1108246230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive text in the field of biomaterials science and tissue engineering, covering fundamental principles and methods related to processing-microstructure-property linkages as applied to biomaterials science. Essential concepts and techniques of the cell biology are discussed in detail, with a focus quantitatively and qualitatively evaluating cell-material interaction. It gives detailed discussion on the processing, structure and properties of metals, ceramics and polymers, together with techniques and guidelines. Comprehensive coverage of in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility property evaluation of materials for bone, neural as well as cardiovascular tissue engineering applications, together with representative protocols. Supported by several multiple-choice questions, fill in the blanks, review questions, numerical problems and solutions to selected problems, this is an ideal text for undergraduate and graduate students in understanding fundamental concepts and the latest developments in the field of biomaterials science.

Advances in Biological Science Research

Advances in Biological Science Research Book
Author : Surya Nandan Meena,Milind Naik
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-17
ISBN : 0128174986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Biological Science Research: A Practical Approach provides discussions on diverse research topics and methods in the biological sciences in a single platform. This book provides the latest technologies, advanced methods, and untapped research areas involved in diverse fields of biological science research such as bioinformatics, proteomics, microbiology, medicinal chemistry, and marine science. Each chapter is written by renowned researchers in their respective fields of biosciences and includes future advancements in life science research. Discusses various research topics and methods in the biological sciences in a single platform Comprises the latest updates in advanced research techniques, protocols, and methods in biological sciences Incorporates the fundamentals, advanced instruments, and applications of life science experiments Offers troubleshooting for many common problems faced while performing research experiments

Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials Book
Author : Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 0124158633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the key challenges current biomaterials researchers face is identifying which of the dizzying number of highly specialized characterization tools can be gainfully applied to different materials and biomedical devices. Since this diverse marketplace of tools and techniques can be used for numerous applications, choosing the proper characterization tool is highly important, saving both time and resources. Characterization of Biomaterials is a detailed and multidisciplinary discussion of the physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, in vitro and in vivo characterization tools and techniques of increasing importance to fundamental biomaterials research. Characterization of Biomaterials will serve as a comprehensive resource for biomaterials researchers requiring detailed information on physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, and in vitro or in vivo characterization. The book is designed for materials scientists, bioengineers, biologists, clinicians and biomedical device researchers seeking input on planning on how to test their novel materials, structures or biomedical devices to a specific application. Chapters are developed considering the need for industrial researchers as well as academics. Biomaterials researchers come from a wide variety of disciplines: this book will help them to analyze their materials and devices taking advantage of the multiple experiences on offer. Coverage encompasses a cross-section of the physical sciences, biological sciences, engineering and applied sciences characterization community, providing gainful and cross-cutting insight into this highly multi-disciplinary field. Detailed coverage of important test protocols presents specific examples and standards for applied characterization

Fundamental Biomaterials Polymers

Fundamental Biomaterials  Polymers Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan,M.S. Sreekala
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 008102195X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamental Biomaterials: Polymers provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Chapters analyze the types of polymers and discuss a range of biomedical applications. It is the first title in a three volume set, with each reviewing the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials and providing comprehensive information on classification, materials properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. The book concludes with essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials. This title will be of use to researchers and professionals in development stages, but will also help medical researchers understand and effectively communicate the requirements of a biomaterial for a specific application. Further, with the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for large number of students at undergraduate and post graduate levels. Provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of the types of polymers and a discussion of a range of biomedical applications Presents essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of polymers in biomaterials

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials Book
Author : Besim Ben-Nissan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-17
ISBN : 3642539807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Calcium Phosphate Biomaterials presents a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the latest advances in developing calcium phosphate biomaterials and their applications in medicine. It covers the fundamental structures, synthesis methods, characterization methods, and the physical and chemical properties of calcium phosphate biomaterials, as well as the synthesis and properties of calcium phosphate-based biomaterials in regenerative medicine and their clinical applications. The book brings together these new concepts, mechanisms and methods in contributions by both young and “veteran” academics, clinicians, and researchers to forward the knowledge and expertise on calcium phosphate and related materials. Accordingly, the book not only covers the fundamentals but also open new avenues for meeting future challenges in research and clinical applications. Besim Ben-Nissan is a Professor of Chemistry and Forensic Science at the University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Introduction to Biomaterials

Introduction to Biomaterials Book
Author : J. L. Ong,Mark R. Appleford,Gopinath Mani
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-11-07
ISBN : 0521116902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A succinct introduction to the field of biomaterials engineering, packed with practical insights.

An Introduction to Biomaterials

An Introduction to Biomaterials Book
Author : Jeffrey O. Hollinger
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-12-21
ISBN : 9780849322822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complexity of biological systems and the need to design and develop biomedical therapies poses major challenges to professionals in the biomedical disciplines. An Introduction to Biomaterials emphasizes applications of biomaterials for patient care. Containing chapters prepared by leading authorities on key biomaterial types, this book underscores the process of biomaterial design, development directed toward clinical application, and testing that leads to therapies for clinical targets. The authors provide a lucid perspective on the standards available and the logic behind the standards in which biomaterials address clinical needs. This volume includes chapters on consensus standards and regulatory approaches to testing paradigms, followed by an analysis of specific classes of biomaterials. The book closes with sections on clinical topics that integrate materials sciences and patient applications.

Inorganic Biomaterials

Inorganic Biomaterials Book
Author : Wolfram Höland,Aldo R. Boccaccini
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-04-04
ISBN : 2889198014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inorganic biomaterials include materials for e.g. dental restorations, biocompatible materials for orthopedic appliances and bioactive materials. However, inorganic biomaterials are also developed for use in tissue regeneration, e.g. wound healing. These products either consist of crystalline phases, such as Al2O3 or ZrO2, which makes them suitable for use in hip bone replacement or they are composed of tricalcium phosphate and used as resorbable biomaterials. Or, they contain glassy phases, such as BIOGLASS®, and are employed as bioactive biomaterials to bond to living bone. Inorganic biomaterials are also used to develop inorganic – organic composites which are suitable for use as bioactive products or to produce dental filling materials. In general, the development of composites is state of the art. However, it is also a future technology. Biomaterials for dental restorations consist of glassy or crystalline phases. Glass-ceramics represent a special group of inorganic biomaterials for dental restorations. Glass-ceramics are composed of at least one inorganic glassy phase and at least one crystalline phase. These products demonstrate a combination of properties, which include excellent aesthetics and the ability to mimic the optical properties of natural teeth, as well as high strength and toughness. They can be processed using special processing procedures, e.g. machining, moulding and sintering, to fabricate high quality products. Sintered oxide ceramics, such as Al2O3 or ZrO2, are also used for the fabrication of dental restorations. These products can be veneered with other biomaterials, or they can be polished to achieve the best possible surface quality. The manuscripts dealing with inorganic biomaterials should focus on the development of the products, especially on their chemical nature, the phase formation processes and all the details related to their processing. Very important are the mechanisms of phase formation. The reader of the manuscript should understand all of these reactions in detail. As far as application is concerned, it is important to describe the main properties of the developed products based on the valid standards, e.g. the ISO standards. The papers published should show that the products comply with these standards. It is very important to understand the relationship between biomass and biomaterials. This will help young scientists to follow the development of biomaterials with new, unexpected properties. He manuscripts published in "Frontiers" should also focus on the application of the biomaterials. Every manuscript should show the most important application of the material presented. There are different journals that deal with specific product categories, eg "Dental Materials". However, "Frontiers" should allow young scientists to publish their research results using all kinds of inorganic biomaterials. On the other hand, fundamental discussion and analysis of the findings should be encouraged and conclusions about possible applications in the field of medicine and dentistry should be drawn.

Introduction to Nanomaterials in Medicine

Introduction to Nanomaterials in Medicine Book
Author : Mohammad Rabiee,Navid Rabiee,Reza Salarian,Ghazal Rabiee
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2019-03-21
ISBN : 1643274163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advancement in the field of nanotechnology has revolutionized the field of medicines and pharmaceuticals in the twentieth century. The proper use of nanomaterials in medical applications requires a proper understanding of these compounds. This correct understanding, beyond the physical and chemical properties, must also have the correct logic of use. In other words, the strategic use of nanomaterials with applicable perspective can also help to advance research, but if we go forward with the current research perspective that leads to the expansion of inapplicable researches, the intrinsic importance of using these nanomaterials is eliminated. This book, considering the importance of nanomaterials and their application in medicine, as well as the significant growth of biomaterials in research fields, introduces the variables law (Rabiee's theory) for the implementation of this research and the establishment of a proper strategy. Considering that the degree of number of biomaterial and host variables follow a variety factors, and by increasing the degree of number of biomaterials and host variables, the degree of total variables also increases and as a result, performance and, consequently, biomaterial behavior in the host environment will have less control and predictive capabilities. For an external substance that is supposed to be in the human body, it must be predictable and controllable, In addition, according to the principle that the host in a fixed person does not have the ability to change, therefore, by using the simpler biomaterials (with less variables), the above goal is more accessible. It should be noted that in addition to observing biocompatibility tests for a biomaterial based on existing protocols and standards, the Applicable Compatibility (AC) parameter is also required in accordance with Rabiee's theory. This book is written in accordance with Rabiee's theory and the contents of this book should be evaluated from this perspective.

Mechanics of Biomaterials

Mechanics of Biomaterials Book
Author : Lisa A. Pruitt,Ayyana M. Chakravartula
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 0521762219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combining materials science, mechanics, implant design and clinical applications, this self-contained text provides a complete grounding to the field.

METAL CERAMIC BIOMATERIALS STRUC

METAL   CERAMIC BIOMATERIALS STRUC Book
Author : Ducheyne,Hastng
Publisher : CRC-Press
Release : 1984-05-02
ISBN : 9780849362613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download METAL CERAMIC BIOMATERIALS STRUC book written by Ducheyne,Hastng, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Biomaterials Biocompatibility

Handbook of Biomaterials Biocompatibility Book
Author : Masoud Mozafari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2020-06
ISBN : 9780081029671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Biomaterials Biocompatibility is a systematic reference on host response to different biomaterials, taking into account their physical, mechanical and chemical properties. The book reviews recent progress in the design and study of biomaterials biocompatibility, along with current understanding on how to control immune system response. Sections provide the fundamental theories and challenges of biomaterials biocompatibility, the role of different biomaterials physicochemical surface properties on cell responses, cell responses to different physicochemical properties of polymers, ceramics, metals, carbons and nanomaterials, and biomaterials in different tissues, such as the cardiac, nervous system, cartilage and bone. This resource will be suitable for those working in the fields of materials science, regenerative engineering, medicine, medical devices and nanotechnology. Reviews the fundamental theories and challenges of biomaterials biocompatibility, including an overview of the standards and regulations Provides an overview on the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in host responses to biomaterials Systematically looks at cellular response and tissue response to a wide range of biomaterials, including polymers, metals, ceramics, alloys and nanomaterials

Biological Performance of Materials

Biological Performance of Materials Book
Author : Jonathan Black
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-12-20
ISBN : 9780849339592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioengineers need a thorough grounding in biocompatibility - the biological performance of materials. Until now, there were no publications suitable for a neophyte in the field; prior publications were either not comprehensive or focused on rather narrow interests. Drawing on the author's 35 years of experience as a teacher, researcher, and consultant in biomaterials science and engineering (BSE), Biological Performance of Materials: Fundamentals of Biocompatibility, Fourth Edition focuses primarily on principles of biological performance at a relatively fundamental level, analyzing interactions between living organisms and nonliving materials used in medical devices - the subject that sets BSE apart as a distinct field of investigation. Following an introductory section, the book is divided into three sections: the material response to biological systems, host response to biomaterials, and test methods for determining biological response in vitro as well as in animal models and clinical settings. Supplemental "Interparts" summarize the physical properties of commonly used metallic, polymeric, and ceramic biomaterials. They also provide a guide to understanding the clinical performance of implanted biomaterials.

Bone Repair Biomaterials

Bone Repair Biomaterials Book
Author : J A Planell,S M Best,D Lacroix,A Merolli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-26
ISBN : 1845696611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bone repair is a fundamental part of the rapidly expanding medical care sector and has benefited from many recent technological developments. With an increasing number of technologies available, it is vital that the correct technique is selected for specific clinical procedures. This unique book will provide a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration. Chapters in the second part discuss the science and properties of biomaterials used for bone repair such as metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. The final section of the book discusses clinical applications and considerations with chapters on such topics as orthopaedic surgery, tissue engineering, implant retrieval and ethics of bone repair biomaterials. With its distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Bone repair biomaterials is an invaluable reference for researchers and clinicians within the biomedical industry and academia. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area Reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration addressing social, economic and clinical challenges Examines the properties of biomaterials used for bone repair with specific chapters assessing metals, ceramics, polymers and composites

Calcium phosphate Ceramics Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials

Calcium phosphate Ceramics   Bioresorbable Polymer Composite Biomaterials Book
Author : Dragan P. Uskoković,Nenad L. Ignjatović
Publisher : Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
Release : 2007-10-01
ISBN : 8680321125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past several years, the accent of a number of scientific researches in the countries of the European Union, USA and Japan was focused on the field of biomaterials. Having the direct influence on the quality and longevity of human life, these researches receive significant funding. The bone tissue is an especially interesting subject of scientific research, as much for the frequent osteoporosis as for the formative nature of organism. Natural bone is mostly composed of nanostructural calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). Whether bone trauma was caused artificially or through illness, the number of reconstructions increases every year worldwide and thus the monetary investment into this field. Until now, numerous kinds of biomaterials were used for this purpose. Development of equipment and progress in characterization techniques and devices enabled an exponential development of new and advanced biomaterials’ synthesis. Many qualitative and quantitative content concepts and the organization of biomaterials on all structural levels were taken from nature. Biomaterials for the reconstruction of bone tissue, very similar to human tissue, in the form of composite blocks, injectable cements, nano-fillers, etc., were produced this way. Synthesis of calcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite, as well as the composite for the reconstruction of bone tissue, has been a significant research field of a section of Advanced Materials and Processes Department of the Institute of Technical Sciences of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ITS SASA) from Belgrade for a number of years. Apart from a number of published scientific papers in leading international journals, lectures presented at the leading universities worldwide, several PhD dissertations defended at various faculties in the land, and several domestic patents, researchers have established the basis of the technological procedure and the production of small series of various products developed in their laboratory. These researches have very wide aspect of significance – from fundamental, scientific to specifically applicative. It can be said that these researches include everything from synthesis, processing, characterization to their application. This book contains 44 papers published in SCI journals since 1999 until May 2007. It is divided into five sections and each assembles the most important results in the specific area: I Synthesis and Processing, II Synthesis, Properties and Characterization of Biomaterials, III Mechanical Properties and Modelling of Biomaterials, IV Biological Evaluation of Biomaterials, V Behaviour of Biomaterials under Radiation Field.

Biomaterials Degradation

Biomaterials Degradation Book
Author : Mário A. Barbosa
Publisher : North Holland
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contributions in this volume provide a critical assessment of the characteristics of common and new biomaterials used in orthopaedic and maxillo-facial surgery, with regard to their resistance to degradation and the associated biological responses of the human body. The topics covered include the properties of metallic, ceramic and polymeric materials, and their applications in modern surgery, particularly in the orthopaedic and dental fields. Their degradation is analysed in detail, from both the negative and positive aspects. Written by eminent scientists from a variety of basic and applied disciplines, the papers will be a useful and dynamic tool for those wishing to increase their knowledge of biomaterials, as well as providing a guide to recent literature in this field."

Bioceramics For Materials Science and Engineering

Bioceramics  For Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Saad B. H. Farid
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-08-17
ISBN : 0081022344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioceramics: For Materials Science and Engineering provides a great working knowledge on the field of biomaterials, including the interaction of biomaterials with their biological surroundings. The book discussees the biomedical applications of materials, the standpoint of biomedical professionals, and a real-world assessment of the academic research in the field. It addresses the types of bioceramics currently available, their structure and fundamental properties, and their most important applications. Users will find this to be the only book to cover all these aspects. Acts as the only introductory reference on bioceramics that covers both the theoretical basics and advanced applications Includes an overview of the key applications of bioceramics in orthopedics, dentistry and tissue engineering Uses case studies to build understanding and enable innovation