Skip to main content

Functional Ingredients From Algae For Foods And Nutraceuticals

In Order to Read Online or Download Functional Ingredients From Algae For Foods And Nutraceuticals Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Functional Ingredients from Algae for Foods and Nutraceuticals

Functional Ingredients from Algae for Foods and Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Herminia Dominguez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 9780081014134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Algae have a long history of use as foods and for the production of food ingredients. There is also increasing interest in their exploitation as sources of bioactive compounds for use in functional foods and nutraceuticals. Functional ingredients from algae for foods and nutraceuticals reviews key topics in these areas, encompassing both macroalgae (seaweeds) and microalgae. After a chapter introducing the concept of algae as a source of biologically active ingredients for the formulation of functional foods and nutraceuticals, part one explores the structure and occurrence of the major algal components. Chapters discuss the chemical structures of algal polysaccharides, algal lipids, fatty acids and sterols, algal proteins, phlorotannins, and pigments and minor compounds. Part two highlights biological properties of algae and algal components and includes chapters on the antioxidant properties of algal components, anticancer agents derived from marine algae, anti-obesity and anti-diabetic activities of algae, and algae and cardiovascular health. Chapters in part three focus on the extraction of compounds and fractions from algae and cover conventional and alternative technologies for the production of algal polysaccharides. Further chapters discuss enzymatic extraction, subcritical water extraction and supercritical CO2 extraction of bioactives from algae, and ultrasonic- and microwave-assisted extraction and modification of algal components. Finally, chapters in part four explore applications of algae and algal components in foods, functional foods and nutraceuticals including the design of healthier foods and beverages containing whole algae, prebiotic properties of algae and algae-supplemented products, algal hydrocolloids for the production and delivery of probiotic bacteria, and cosmeceuticals from algae. Functional ingredients from algae for foods and nutraceuticals is a comprehensive resource for chemists, chemical engineers and medical researchers with an interest in algae and those in the algaculture, food and nutraceutical industries interested in the commercialisation of products made from algae. Provides an overview of the major compounds in algae, considering both macroalgae (seaweeds) and microalgaeDiscusses methods for the extraction of bioactives from algaeDescribes the use of algae and products derived from them in the food and nutraceutical industries

Functional Ingredients from Algae for Foods and Nutraceuticals

Functional Ingredients from Algae for Foods and Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Herminia Dominguez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-30
ISBN : 0857098683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Algae have a long history of use as foods and for the production of food ingredients. There is also increasing interest in their exploitation as sources of bioactive compounds for use in functional foods and nutraceuticals. Functional ingredients from algae for foods and nutraceuticals reviews key topics in these areas, encompassing both macroalgae (seaweeds) and microalgae. After a chapter introducing the concept of algae as a source of biologically active ingredients for the formulation of functional foods and nutraceuticals, part one explores the structure and occurrence of the major algal components. Chapters discuss the chemical structures of algal polysaccharides, algal lipids, fatty acids and sterols, algal proteins, phlorotannins, and pigments and minor compounds. Part two highlights biological properties of algae and algal components and includes chapters on the antioxidant properties of algal components, anticancer agents derived from marine algae, anti-obesity and anti-diabetic activities of algae, and algae and cardiovascular health. Chapters in part three focus on the extraction of compounds and fractions from algae and cover conventional and alternative technologies for the production of algal polysaccharides. Further chapters discuss enzymatic extraction, subcritical water extraction and supercritical CO2 extraction of bioactives from algae, and ultrasonic- and microwave-assisted extraction and modification of algal components. Finally, chapters in part four explore applications of algae and algal components in foods, functional foods and nutraceuticals including the design of healthier foods and beverages containing whole algae, prebiotic properties of algae and algae-supplemented products, algal hydrocolloids for the production and delivery of probiotic bacteria, and cosmeceuticals from algae. Functional ingredients from algae for foods and nutraceuticals is a comprehensive resource for chemists, chemical engineers and medical researchers with an interest in algae and those in the algaculture, food and nutraceutical industries interested in the commercialisation of products made from algae. Provides an overview of the major compounds in algae, considering both macroalgae (seaweeds) and microalgae Discusses methods for the extraction of bioactives from algae Describes the use of algae and products derived from them in the food and nutraceutical industries

Marine Phenolics

Marine Phenolics Book
Author : Herminia Domínguez,José Ricardo Pérez-Correa
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 3036502645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Phenolic compounds are an extremely diverse class of ubiquitous secondary metabolites produced by a variety of organisms playing different biological roles. They have numerous types of demonstrated bioactivities, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitumoral, immunomodulator, neuroprotective, cardioprotective, and antidiabetic activities. Marine organisms produce a vast collection of unique phenolic structures, some of them not found in terrestrial habitats. Progress in different aspects is rapidly advancing, and this Special Issue will provide updated information and recent studies on marine phenolics. Specially, this issue is focused on their chemical characterization, elucidation of their structures, evaluation of their biological properties and mechanisms of action, efficient extraction and purification technologies, development of value-added applications, as well as formulation of novel products.

Handbook of Research on Food Science and Technology

Handbook of Research on Food Science and Technology Book
Author : Monica Chavez-Gonzalez,Jose Juan Buenrostro-Figueroa,Cristobal N. Aguilar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-11
ISBN : 0429947062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This Handbook of Research in Food Science and Technology consists of three volumes focusing on food technology and chemistry, food biotechnology and microbiology, and functional foods and nutraceuticals. The volumes highlight new research and current trends in food science and technology, looking at the most recent innovations, emerging technologies, and strategies focusing on taking food design to sustainable levels. In particular, the handbooks includes relevant information on the modernization in the food industry, sustainable packaging, food bioprocesses, food fermentation, food microbiology, functional foods and nutraceuticals, natural products, nano- and microtechnology, healthy product composition, innovative processes/bioprocesses for utilization of by-products, development of novel preservation alternatives, extending the shelf life of fresh products, alternative processes requiring less energy or water, among other topics.

Biorefineries

Biorefineries Book
Author : Kurt Wagemann,Nils Tippkötter
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 3319971190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive review on biomass resources, examples of biorefineries and corresponding products. The first part of this book covers topics such as different biorefinery resources from agriculture, wood processing residues and transport logistics of plant biomass. In the second part, expert contributors present biorefinery concepts of different biomass feedstocks, including vegetable-oils, sugarcane, starch, lignocellulose and microalgae. Readers will find here a summary of the syngas utilization and the bio-oil characterization and potential use as an alternative renewable fuel and source for chemical feedstocks. Particular attention is also given to the anaerobic digestion-based and Organosolv biorefineries. The last part of the book examines relevant products and components such as alcohols, hydrocarbons, bioplastics and lignin, and offers a sustainability evaluation of biorefineries.

Algal Biorefinery

Algal Biorefinery Book
Author : Ajay K. Dalai,Vaibhav V. Goud,Sonil Nanda,Venu Babu Borugadda
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-07-08
ISBN : 1000410781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This book enables readers to understand the theoretical aspects, key steps and scientific techniques with a detailed mechanism to produce biofuels from algae. Each chapter provides the latest developments and recent advancements starting from algal cultivation techniques to the production of value-added green fuels, chemicals and products with wide applications. The volume brings together a broad range of international and interdisciplinary experts, including chemical and biological engineers, biotechnologists, process engineers, environmentalists, pharmacists and nutritionists, to one platform to explore the beneficial aspects and challenges for an algal-based biorefinery. Chapters address cutting-edge issues surrounding algal cultivation, including genetic modification of algal strains, design and optimization of photobioreactors and open-pond systems, algal oil extraction techniques and algal-derived fuel products (biodiesel, bio-gasoline, jet fuels and bio-oil). Finally, the book considers the potential environmental impacts for establishing a sustainable algal biorefinery through lifecycle analysis, techno-economic assessment and supply chain management. This book will be an important resource for students, academics and professionals interested in algal cultivation, biofuels and agricultural engineering, and renewable energy and sustainable development more broadly.

Seaweed Biomaterials

Seaweed Biomaterials Book
Author : Sabyasachi Maiti,Bibek Laha
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-12
ISBN : 1789848466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Seaweed Biomaterials book written by Sabyasachi Maiti,Bibek Laha, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention Book
Author : Joël Fleurence,Ira Levine
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-05
ISBN : 0128027932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Seaweed in Health and Disease Prevention presents the potential usage of seaweed, macroalgae, and their extracts for enhancing health and disease. The book explores the possibilities in a comprehensive way, including outlining how seaweed can be used as a source of macronutrients and micronutrients, as well as nutraceuticals. The commercial value of seaweed for human consumption is increasing year-over-year, and some countries harvest several million tons annually. This text lays out the properties and effects of seaweeds and their use in the food industry, offering a holistic view of the ability of seaweed to impact or effect angiogenesis, tumors, diabetes and glucose control, oxidative stress, fungal infections, inflammation and infection, the gut, and the liver. Combines foundational information and nutritional context, offering a holistic approach to the relationship between sea vegetables, diet, nutrition, and health Provides comprehensive coverage of health benefits, including sea vegetables as sources of nutraceuticals and their specific applications in disease prevention, such as angiogenesis, diabetes, fungal infections, and others Includes Dictionary of Terms, Key Facts, and Summary points in each chapter to enhance comprehension Includes information on toxic varieties and safe consumption guidelines to supplement basic coverage of health benefits

Algae and Sustainable Technologies

Algae and Sustainable Technologies Book
Author : Atul Kumar Upadhyay,D.P. Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-09
ISBN : 1000204588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Algal and sustainable technologies: Bioenergy, Nannotechnology and Green chemistry is an interdisciplinary overview of the world’s major problems; water scarcity, clean environment and energy and their sustenance remedy measures using microalgae. It comprehensively presents the way to tackle the socio-economic issues including food, feed, fuel, medicine and health and also entails the untapped potential of microalgae in environmental management, bioenergy solution and sustainable synthesis of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. This book basically emphasizes the success of algae as wonderful feed stocks of future and provides upto date information and sustainable and recreational outlook towards degrading environment and energy crisis. Applicability of fast emerging algae based nanotechnology in bioremediation and production of nanoparticle (AuNP, AgNP etc) are beautifully described along with latest research and findings. Key features: The "waste to best to income" strategies are the main concern of the book and take the edge off the problem of pollution, energy and income. Elucidate the sustainable phycoremediation and nanoparticle functions as low cost approach for various ecosystem services. Information regarding pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals and other algae based value added product synthesis and fate are comprehensively discussed. Knowledge resource, latest research, findings and prospects presented in an accessible manner for researchers, students, eminent scientists, entrepreneurs, professionals and policy maker.

Handbook of Algal Technologies and Phytochemicals

Handbook of Algal Technologies and Phytochemicals Book
Author : Gokare A. Ravishankar,Ambati Ranga Rao
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-12-17
ISBN : 0429609094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This two-volume set explores the aspects of diversity of micro and macro algal forms, their traditional uses; their constituents which are of value for food, feed, specialty chemicals, bioactive compounds for several novel applications and bioenergy molecules. The industrial production systems, downstream processing, utilization of the biomass and the metabolites of importance for various applications are addressed. Innovations in production technologies, coupled with the biological activities of their novel metabolites and molecules, offer tremendous scope for the exploitation of these micro and macro algal forms through industrial production processes in a sustainable manner. These two volumes offer a treasure house of information to the students and researchers of plant sciences, biological sciences, agricultural sciences, foods and nutrition sciences, health sciences and environmental sciences. Their practical value will benefit professionals including agriculture and food experts, biotechnologists, ecologists, environmentalists, and biomass specialists. This set will also aid industries dealing with foods, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals , cosmecuticals health care products, and bioenergy.

Oil and Oilseed Processing

Oil and Oilseed Processing Book
Author : Tomás Lafarga,Gloria Bobo,Ingrid Aguiló-Aguayo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-19
ISBN : 1119575273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The latest information available on oil and oilseed processing Oil and Oilseed Processing offers a comprehensive text that explores both the conventional and novel “green” extraction methods used to extract oils from seeds. The authors—noted experts on the topic—examine the positive aspects of operations in processing oil and oilseeds and present new processing concepts, principles, effects on quality, as well as the stability characteristics, limitations, and challenges. Due to the economic implications associated with the overproduction of seed oils, the book includes pertinent information on vegetable and animal-derived oils for industrial applications. The authors also explore recent applications and future perspectives for vegetable and animal oils use in the food and non-food industry. Safety concerns regarding oil and oilseed processing and waste valorisation are also covered in-depth. This important guide: Explores the traditional and new extraction methods used to extract oils from seeds Contains the most up-to-date insight into oil and oilseed processing Focuses on the areas of oil processing, safety, quality, and nutritional evaluation Written for food scientists and professional food technologists, Oil and Oilseed Processing is the only book on the market that contains the most recent information on all aspects of oil and oilseed processing.

Marine Nutraceuticals

Marine Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-25
ISBN : 1466513519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

There is a great deal of consumer interest in natural bioactive substances due to their health benefits. Offering the potential to provide valuable nutraceuticals and functional food ingredients, marine-derived compounds are an abundant source of nutritionally and pharmacologically active agents, with both chemical diversity and complexity. Functional ingredients derived from marine algae, invertebrates, vertebrates, and microorganisms can help fill the need for novel bioactives to treat chronic conditions such as cancer, microbial infections, and inflammatory processes. With contributions from an international group of experts, Marine Nutraceuticals: Prospects and Perspectives provides a comprehensive account of marine-derived nutraceuticals and their potential health benefits. These include antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, antidiabetic, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, antibacterial, and radioprotective properties. The book focuses on various types of marine-derived compounds—such as secondary metabolites like phlorotannins and fucoxanthin, carotenoid pigments, chito-oligosaccharide derivatives from chitin and chitosan, bioactive peptides, and polysaccharides—presenting an overview of their nutraceutical activities. Chapters address neuroprotecive properties of seaweeds, bioactive compounds in abalone, marine products and autoimmune disease, chitosan for weight management, anticancer actions of omega-3 fatty acids, chitosan in dentistry, and much more. The book discusses the sources, isolation and purification, chemistry, functional interactions, applications, and industrial perspectives of marine-derived nutraceuticals. The inaugural book in the new CRC Press series, Nutraceuticals: Basic Research/Clinical Applications, it provides a state-of-the-art reference for all readers interested in this growing field—a rich source for new compounds with promising uses in the nutraceutical, medicinal, and functional food industries.

Foods Nutrients and Food Ingredients with Authorised EU Health Claims

Foods  Nutrients and Food Ingredients with Authorised EU Health Claims Book
Author : Michele Sadler
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-05-28
ISBN : 1782424032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The second volume of Foods, nutrients and food ingredients with authorised EU health claims continues from Volume 1, which provided a comprehensive overview of many of the permitted health claims for foods and nutrients approved under European Regulation EC 1924/2006. This new volume discusses more of the health claims authorised to date for use in the EU. The chapters cover details of various permitted claims, such as the approved wording, conditions of use, the target group for the claims, the evidence for the claimed health benefits, and where appropriate details of other relevant legislation, consumer-related issues and future trends. The book opens with an overview of regulatory developments relating to health claims. Part One reviews authorised disease risk reduction claims and proprietary claims. The second part investigates ingredients with permitted ‘general function’ claims, with chapters examining ingredients such as red yeast rice, glucomannan and guar gum. The final section of the book explores foods and nutrients with permitted health claims, including chapters on authorised EU health claims for prunes, foods with low or reduced sodium or saturated fatty acids, and claims for essential and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Building on volume 1, this title ensures that the area of EU health claims in food is comprehensively covered Chapters are devoted to individual food ingredients and substances, covering the range of issues related to health claims Health-promoting products are an increasing consumer trend in product development and this book provides key information on these advances

Prospects and Challenges in Algal Biotechnology

Prospects and Challenges in Algal Biotechnology Book
Author : Bhumi Nath Tripathi,Dhananjay Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-08
ISBN : 9811019509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This contributed volume presents the latest research and state-of-the-art approaches in the study of microalgae. It describes in detail technologies for the cultivation of marine, freshwater and extremophilic algae, as well as phototrophic biofilms, cyanobacterial mats and periphytons, including the media requirements and growth rates of different types of algae. The second part of the book is dedicated to the biotechnological applications of algal biomass and secondary metabolites produced by these organisms, and critically discusses topics such as algae-based biofuels and CO2 sequestration. In addition, it reviews the prospects and challenges of algal bioremediation of domestic and industrial wastewaters, including the use of planktonic and self-immobilized algae systems in wastewater treatment, explaining their merits and drawbacks. Lastly, it highlights research methods and approaches related to the production of high-value products and bioactive compounds.

Nutraceuticals and Cancer Signaling

Nutraceuticals and Cancer Signaling Book
Author : Seid Mahdi Jafari
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 3030740358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Nutraceuticals and Cancer Signaling book written by Seid Mahdi Jafari, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nonvitamin and Nonmineral Nutritional Supplements

Nonvitamin and Nonmineral Nutritional Supplements Book
Author : Seyed Mohammad Nabavi,Ana Sanches Silva
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-28
ISBN : 0128125632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Nonvitamin and Nonmineral Nutritional Supplements compiles comprehensive information and recent findings on supplements found in today’s market. The book focuses on non-essential nutrients, animal extracts, yeast and fungi extracts, and plant and algae extracts used as supplements. Readers will find valuable insights on the impact of dietary supplementation on human health, along with an understanding of the positive and negative aspects of each supplement. Provides reliable information on available supplements to inform nutritional practices Presents each supplement’s sources, availability, health benefits, drawbacks, and possible interactions with other supplements, food or drugs Serves as a guide to non-essential nutrients, plant and algae extracts, animal extracts, including bee products and shark cartilage, and supplements from yeast and fungi

Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules

Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay,Sudhir P. Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 111971723X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

BIOPROSPECTING OF PLANT BIODIVERSITY FOR INDUSTRIAL MOLECULES A comprehensive collection of recent translational research on bioresource utilization and ecological sustainability Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules provides an up-to-date overview of the ongoing search for biodiverse organic compounds for use in pharmaceuticals, bioceuticals, agriculture, and other commercial applications. Bringing together work from a panel of international contributors, this comprehensive monograph covers natural compounds of plants, endophyte enzymes and their applications in industry, plant bioprospecting in cosmetics, marine bioprospecting of seaweeds, and more. Providing global perspectives on bioprospecting of plant biodiversity, the authors present research on enzymes, mineral micro-nutrients, biopesticides, algal biomass, and other bioactive molecules. In-depth chapters assess the health impacts and ecological sustainability of the various biomolecules and identify existing and possible applications ranging from ecological restoration to production of essential oils and cosmetics. Other topics include, bio-energy crops as alternative fuel resources, the role of plants in phytoremediation of industrial waste, and the industrial applications of endophyte enzymes. This comprehensive resource: Includes a through introduction to plant biodiversity and bioprospecting Will further the knowledge of application of different plants and improve research investigation techniques. Summarizes novel approaches for researchers in food science, microbiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology Bioprospecting of Plant Biodiversity for Industrial Molecules is an indispensable compendium of biological research for scientists, researchers, graduate and postgraduate students, and academics in the areas of microbiology, food biotechnology, industrial microbiology, plant biotechnology, and microbial biotechnology.

Functional Dietary Lipids

Functional Dietary Lipids Book
Author : Thomas Sanders
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-11-18
ISBN : 1782422579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Functional Dietary Lipids: Food Formulation, Consumer Issues and Innovation for Health discusses this important component of the human diet and the ways it plays an essential functional role in many foods. The book covers the functionality and nutritional benefits of dietary fat in food in terms of formulation, manufacturing, and innovation for health. After an introduction by the editor reviewing the role of fats in the human diet, the book discusses the chemistry of edible fats, manufacturing issues, including the replacement of trans-fatty acids in food, fat reformulation for calorie reduction, thermal stability of fats, and the flavor and functional texture and melting characteristics of fats in food. Subsequent chapters address the effect of dietary lipid intake on various health issues and the potential health benefits of bioactive compounds in dietary lipids, with final sections discussing issues that affect the consumer relationship with fat, such as regulation, marketing, and health claims. Comprehensively examines the functionality and nutritional benefits of dietary fat in food Discusses the chemistry of edible fats, manufacturing issues, including the replacement of trans fatty acids in food, fat reformulation for calorie reduction, thermal stability of fats, and more Considers manufacturing issues of dietary fat in foods Addresses issues affecting the consumer relationship with fat, such as regulation, marketing, and health claims

Agricultural Research for Sustainable Food Systems in Sri Lanka

Agricultural Research for Sustainable Food Systems in Sri Lanka Book
Author : Ranjith Premalal De Silva
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-26
ISBN : 9811536732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Agricultural Research for Sustainable Food Systems in Sri Lanka book written by Ranjith Premalal De Silva, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hygiene in Food Processing

Hygiene in Food Processing Book
Author : H. L. M. Lelieveld,John Holah,David Napper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 0857098632
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The hygienic processing of food concerns both potential hazards in food products and the regulation, design, and management of food processing facilities. This second edition of Hygiene in Food Processing gives a revised overview of the practices for safe processing and incorporates additional chapters concerning pest control, microbiological environmental sampling, and the economics of food plants. Part one addresses microbial risks in foods and the corresponding regulation in the European Union. Part two discusses the hygienic design of food factory infrastructure, encompassing the design and materials for the factory itself, as well as food processing equipment. This edition includes a new chapter on the control of compressed gases used to pneumatically operate equipment. Part three focuses on cleaning and disinfection practices in food processing. The chapter on cleaning in place also considers more cost-effective systems, and complements the additional chapter on maintenance of equipment. These chapters also explore issues such as the hygiene of workers, potential infection by foreign bodies, and pest control. Further, the chapter on microbiological sampling explains how to calculate the risk of contamination depending on the product's environment. This essential second edition is useful to professionals responsible for hygiene in the food industry. It provides a comprehensive, yet concise and practical reference source for food plant managers, suppliers of food processing equipment, building contractors, and food inspectors looking for an authoritative introduction to hygiene regulation, hygienic design, and sanitation. Provides a revised overview of the practices for safe processing Incorporates additional chapters concerning pest control, microbiological environmental sampling, and the economics of food plants This essential second edition is useful for professionals responsible for hygiene in the food industry