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Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy

Frontiers of Molecular Spectroscopy Book
Author : Jaan Laane
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-11
ISBN : 9780080932378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Much of what we know about atoms, molecules, and the nature of matter has been obtained using spectroscopy over the last one hundred years or so. In this book we have collected together twenty chapters by eminent scientists from around the world to describe their work at the cutting edge of molecular spectroscopy. These chapters describe new methodology and applications, instrumental developments, and theory which is taking spectroscopy into new frontiers. The range of topics is broad. Lasers are utilized in much of the research, but their applications range from sub-femtosecond spectroscopy to the study of viruses and also to the investigation of art and archeological artifacts. Three chapters discuss work on biological systems and three others represent laser physics. The recent advances in cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS), surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS), and microwave techniques are all covered. Chapters on electronic excited states, molecular dynamics, symmetry applications, and neutron scattering are also included and demonstrate the wide utility of spectroscopic techniques. * provides comprehensive coverage of present spectroscopic investigations * features 20 chapters written by leading researchers in the field * covers the important role of molecular spectroscopy in research concerned with chemistry, physics, and biology

Frontiers and Advances in Molecular Spectroscopy

Frontiers and Advances in Molecular Spectroscopy Book
Author : Jaan Laane
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 0128112212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Frontiers and Advances in Molecular Spectroscopy once again brings together the most eminent scientists from around the world to describe their work at the cutting-edge of molecular spectroscopy. Much of what we know about atoms, molecules and the nature of matter has been obtained using spectroscopy over the last one hundred years or so. Going far beyond the topics discussed in Jaan Laane’s earlier book on the subject, these chapters describe new methodologies and applications, instrumental developments and theory, which are taking spectroscopy into still new frontiers. The robust range of topics once again demonstrates the wide utility of spectroscopic techniques. New topics include ultrafast spectroscopy of the transition state, SERS/far-uv spectroscopy, femtosecond coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy, high-resolution laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and biosensors, vibrational optical activity, ultrafast two-dimensional spectroscopy, biology with x-ray lasers, isomerization dynamics and hydrogen bonding, single molecule imaging, spectra of intermediates, matrix isolation spectroscopy and more. Covers spectroscopic investigations on the cutting edge of science Written and edited by leading experts in their respective fields Allows researchers to access a broad range of essential modern spectroscopy content from a single source rather than wading through hundreds of scattered journal articles

Frontiers in Electronics

Frontiers in Electronics Book
Author : Yoon-Soo Park,Michael Shur,William Tang
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9789812796912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2002 Workshop on Frontiers in Electronics was the third in the series of WOFE workshops. Over 70 leading experts from academia, industry, and government agencies reported on the most recent developments in their fields and exchanged views on future trends and directions of the electronics and photonics industry. The issues they addressed ranged from system-on-chip to DNA doping, from ultrathin SOI to electrotextiles, from photonics integration on the ULSI platform to wide band gap semiconductor devices and solid state lighting. The rapid pace of electronic technology evolution compels a merger of different technical areas, and WOFE-02 provided a unique opportunity for cross-fertilization of the emerging fields of microelectronics, photonics, and nanoelectronics. The workshop was informal and stimulated provocative views, visionary outlooks, and discussions on controversial issues. Contents: Optical Wave Propagation in Periodic Structures (A Yariv & S Mookherjea); MEMS Technology for Advanced Telecommunication Applications (H-G Lee et al.); Low Temperature Physics at Room Temperature in Water: Charge Inversion in Chemical and Biological Systems (A Yu Grosberg et al.); Materials for Strained Silicon Devices (P M Mooney); System-on-Chip Integration (R R Doering); Nanoelectronics: Some Current Aspects and Prospects (R Hull et al.); Electrotextiles (E Ethridge & D Urban); System Impact of Silicon Carbide Power Devices (B Ozpineci et al.); Hot-Phonon Limited Electron Energy Relaxation in AIN/GaN (A Matulionis et al.); Polar-Optical Phonon Enhancement of Harmonic Generation in Schottky Diodes (B Gelmont et al.); Environmental Sensing of Chemical and Biological Warfare Agents in the THz Region (A C Samuels et al.); Thermal Management in Optoelectronics (D K Johnstone); Spectral Response Measurements of Short Wave Infrared Detectors (SWIR) (T F Refaat et al.); Full-Chip Power-Supply Noise: The Effect of On-Chip Power-Rail Inductance (C W Fok & D L Pulfrey); Quantum Dot Superlattices in a Constant Electric Field: Localization and Bloch Oscillations (R A Suris & I A Dmitriev); and other papers. Readership: Scientists, engineers and graduate students working in the area of microelectronics, semiconductor materials and devices.

Frontiers of Laser Spectroscopy of Gases

Frontiers of Laser Spectroscopy of Gases Book
Author : A.C.P. Alves,J.M. Brown,J.M. Hollas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400930038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the lectures presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Frontiers of Laser Spectroscopy of Gases" held in the Hotel Golf Mar, Vimeiro, near Torres Vedras, Portugal from 30 March to 10 April 1987. The objective of the meeting was to take stock of the recent technological developments involving lasers and to assess their impact on spectroscopy. The whole range of wavelengths from the far infrared through to the extreme ultraviolet was covered. In addition, specific applications to both atoms and molecules were described. Indeed, one of the most successful and pleasant aspects of the Institute was the joint participation of atomic physicists and molecular spectro scopists, who meet all too rarely these days. The Institute also succeeded in covering a wide time span from the very earliest days of lasers to some of the very latest developments in both lasers and their applications to spectroscopy. There were 14 invited lecturers, giving a total of 40 lectures, and 89 other participants at the Institute. Each of the invited lecturers has contributed a chapter to this volume. In addition, on Thursday 2nd April a special one-day session was held in the Chemistry Department at the University of Coimbra to mark the retirement of Professor Dr. F.

Accurate Structure Determination of Free Molecules

Accurate Structure Determination of Free Molecules Book
Author : Jean Demaison,Natalja Vogt
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 3030604926
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a detailed look at experimental and computational techniques for accurate structure determination of free molecules. The most fundamental property of a molecule is its structure – it is a prerequisite for determining and understanding most other important properties of molecules. The determination of accurate structures is hampered by a myriad of factors, subjecting the collected data to non-negligible systematic errors. This book explains the origin of these errors and how to mitigate and even avoid them altogether. It features a detailed comparison of the different experimental and computation methods, explaining their interplay and the advantages of their combined use. Armed with this information, the reader will be able to choose the appropriate methods to determine – to a great degree of accuracy – the relevant molecular structure.

Frontiers Developments in Optics and Spectroscopy

Frontiers Developments in Optics and Spectroscopy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Ottavio Forte
Release : 2022-05-20
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on the Proceedings of the Institute Frontier Developments in Optics and Spectroscopy, held in Erice, Sicily, Italy, from the 17th of June to the 2nd of July 2007. The meeting was organized by the International School of Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy of the Ettore Majoran Center for Scientific Culture. Other Institutes organized by this School are listed on pp. vi-vii. The book can be downloaded for free through the Buy this book link on the right side of this page.

Spectroscopic Techniques for Polymer Characterization

Spectroscopic Techniques for Polymer Characterization Book
Author : Yukihiro Ozaki,Harumi Sato
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-12-06
ISBN : 3527348336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demonstrates the vast potential of spectroscopic characterization possibilities in polymer research, it clearly outlines and describes the principles, advantages, instrumentation, experimental techniques, and noteworthy applications of cutting-edge spectroscopy.

Frontiers of Optical Spectroscopy

Frontiers of Optical Spectroscopy Book
Author : Baldassare Di Bartolo,Ottavio Forte
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1402027516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced spectroscopic techniques allow the probing of very small systems and very fast phenomena, conditions that can be considered "extreme" at the present status of our experimentation and knowledge. Quantum dots, nanocrystals and single molecules are examples of the former and events on the femtosecond scale examples of the latter. The purpose of this book is to examine the realm of phenomena of such extreme type and the techniques that permit their investigations. Each author has developed a coherent section of the program starting at a somewhat fundamental level and ultimately reaching the frontier of knowledge in the field in a systematic and didactic fashion. The formal lectures are complemented by additional seminars.

Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry

Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry Book
Author : Maria-Magdalena Cid,Jorge Bravo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-01-05
ISBN : 3527664637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.

Molecular Spectroscopy

Molecular Spectroscopy Book
Author : Yukihiro Ozaki,Marek Januz Wójcik,Jürgen Popp
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-04-23
ISBN : 3527814620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Uniquely creates a strong bridge between molecular spectroscopy and quantum chemistry This two-volume book consists of many reviews reporting new applications of quantum chemistry to molecular spectroscopy (Raman, infrared, near-infrared, terahertz, far-ultraviolet, etc.). It contains brief introductions to quantum chemistry for spectroscopists, and to the recent progress on molecular spectroscopy for quantum chemists. Molecular Spectroscopy: A Quantum Chemistry Approach examines the recent progress made in the field of molecular spectroscopy; the state of the art of quantum chemistry for molecular spectroscopy; and more. It offers multiple chapters covering the application of quantum chemistry to: visible absorption and fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, near-infrared spectroscopy, terahertz spectroscopy, and far-ultraviolet spectroscopy. It presents readers with hydrogen bonding studies by vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemistry, as well as vibrational spectroscopy and quantum chemistry studies on both biological systems and nano science. The book also looks at vibrational anharmonicity and overtones, and nonlinear and time-resolved spectroscopy. -Comprehensively covers existing and recent applications of quantum chemistry to molecular spectroscopy -Introduces the quantum chemistry for the field of spectroscopy and the advancements being made on molecular spectroscopy for quantum chemistry -Edited by world leading experts who have long standing, extensive experience and international standing in the field Molecular Spectroscopy: A Quantum Chemistry Approach is an ideal book for analytical chemists, theoretical chemists, chemists, biochemists, materials scientists, biologists, and physicists interested in the subject.

Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics

Advances in Atomic  Molecular  and Optical Physics Book
Author : Susanne F. Yelin,Louis F. Dimauro,Helene Perrin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-06-17
ISBN : 0128209887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, Volume 69, the latest release in this ongoing series, provides a comprehensive compilation of recent developments in a field that is in a state of rapid growth, as new experimental and theoretical techniques are used on many problems, both old and new. Topics covered in this new release include Strong-field ion spectroscopy, Configurable microscopic optical potentials, Polaritons, Rydberg excitation of trapped cold ions - a new platform for quantum technologies, High intensity QED, Recollision imaging, and more. Presents the work of international experts in the field Contains comprehensive articles that compile recent developments in a field that is experiencing rapid growth, with new experimental and theoretical techniques emerging Ideal for users interested in optics, excitons, plasmas and thermodynamics Covers atmospheric science, astrophysics, and surface and laser physics, amongst other topics

Optical Spectroscopy and Computational Methods in Biology and Medicine

Optical Spectroscopy and Computational Methods in Biology and Medicine Book
Author : Malgorzata Baranska
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 9400778325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-author contributed volume gives a comprehensive overview of recent progress in various vibrational spectroscopic techniques and chemometric methods and their applications in chemistry, biology and medicine. In order to meet the needs of readers, the book focuses on recent advances in technical development and potential exploitations of the theory, as well as the new applications of vibrational methods to problems of recent general interest that were difficult or even impossible to achieve in the not so distant past. Integrating vibrational spectroscopy and computational approaches serves as a handbook for people performing vibrational spectroscopy followed by chemometric analysis hence both experimental methods as well as procedures of recommended analysis are described. This volume is written for individuals who develop new methodologies and extend these applications to new realms of chemical and medicinal interest.

Vibrational Spectroscopy in Protein Research

Vibrational Spectroscopy in Protein Research Book
Author : Yukihiro Ozaki,Malgorzata Baranska,Igor K. Lednev,Bayden R. Wood
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-19
ISBN : 0128186119
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vibrational Spectroscopy in Protein Research offers a thorough discussion of vibrational spectroscopy in protein research, providing researchers with clear, practical guidance on methods employed, areas of application, and modes of analysis. With chapter contributions from international leaders in the field, the book addresses basic principles of vibrational spectroscopy in protein research, instrumentation and technologies available, sampling methods, quantitative analysis, origin of group frequencies, and qualitative interpretation. In addition to discussing vibrational spectroscopy for the analysis of purified proteins, chapter authors also examine its use in studying complex protein systems, including protein aggregates, fibrous proteins, membrane proteins and protein assemblies. Emphasis throughout the book is placed on applications in human tissue, cell development, and disease analysis, with chapters dedicated to studies of molecular changes that occur during disease progression, as well as identifying changes in tissues and cells in disease studies. Provides thorough guidance in implementing cutting-edge vibrational spectroscopic methods from international leaders in the field Emphasizes in vivo, in situ and non-invasive analysis of proteins in biomedical and life science research more broadly Contains chapters that address vibrational spectroscopy for the study of simple purified proteins and protein aggregates, fibrous proteins, membrane proteins and protein assemblies

Energy Complexity and Wealth Maximization

Energy  Complexity and Wealth Maximization Book
Author : Robert Ayres
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-14
ISBN : 331930545X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is about the mechanisms of wealth creation, or what we like to think of as evolutionary "progress." The massive circular flow of goods and services between producers and consumers is not a perpetual motion machine; it has been dependent for the past 150 years on energy inputs from a finite storage of fossil fuels. In this book, you will learn about the three key requirements for wealth creation, and how this process acts according to physical laws, and usually after some part of the natural wealth of the planet has been exploited in an episode of "creative destruction." Knowledge and natural capital, particularly energy, will interact to power the human wealth engine in the future as it has in the past. Will it sputter or continue along the path of evolutionary progress that we have come to expect? Can the new immaterial wealth of information and ideas, which makes up the so-called knowledge economy, replace depleted natural wealth? These questions have no simple answers, but this masterful book will help you to understand the grand challenge of our time. Praise for Energy, Complexity and Wealth Maximization: “... people who run the modern world (politicians, economists and lawyers) have a very poor grasp of how it really works because they do not understand the fundamentals of energy, exergy and entropy ... those decision-makers would greatly benefit from reading this book ...” - Vaclav Smil, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of Manitoba “... A grandiose design; impressive, worth reading and reflecting!” - Prof. Dr. Ernst Ulrich von Weizäcker, Founder of Wuppertal Institute; Co-President of the Club of Rome, Former Member of the German Bundestag, co-chair of the UN’s Resource Panel “... The book is a must read for concerned citizens and decision makers across the globe.” - RK Pachauri, Founder and Executive Vice Chairman, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and ex-chair, International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Frontiers of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering

Frontiers of Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering Book
Author : Yukihiro Ozaki,Katrin Kneipp,Ricardo Aroca
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-02-19
ISBN : 111870357X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive presentation of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) theory, substrate fabrication, applications of SERS to biosystems, chemical analysis, sensing and fundamental innovation through experimentation. Written by internationally recognized editors and contributors. Relevant to all those within the scientific community dealing with Raman Spectroscopy, i.e. physicists, chemists, biologists, material scientists, physicians and biomedical scientists. SERS applications are widely expanding and the technology is now used in the field of nanotechnologies, applications to biosystems, nonosensors, nanoimaging and nanoscience.

Analytical Archaeometry

Analytical Archaeometry Book
Author : Howell Edwards,Peter Vandenabeele
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2016-01-13
ISBN : 1782626247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical Archaeometry describes this interesting and challenging field of research - on the border between natural sciences (chemistry, spectroscopy, biology, geology) and humanities (archaeology, (art-)history, conservation sciences). It fills the gap between these two areas whilst focussing on the analytical aspects of this research field. The first part of the book studies the main analytical techniques used in this research field. The second part expands from the different types of materials usually encountered, and the final part is organised around a series of typical research questions. The book is not only focussed on archaeological materials, but is also accessible to a broader lay audience. Overall the book is clearly structured and gives insight into different approaches to the study of analytical providing extensive discussion on a wide range of techniques, materials, questions and applications. Due to the advances in analytical instrumentation and applications in this field, it is important to have all this information merged together. Academics as well as professionals in archaeology, art history, museum labs and conservation science will find this an invaluable reference source ensuring the reader is provided with the latest progress in this research field.

Laser Based Optical Detection of Explosives

Laser Based Optical Detection of Explosives Book
Author : Paul M. Pellegrino,Ellen L. Holthoff,Mikella E. Farrell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351831178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Laser-Based Optical Detection of Explosives offers a comprehensive review of past, present, and emerging laser-based methods for the detection of a variety of explosives. This book: Considers laser propagation safety and explains standard test material preparation for standoff optical-based detection system evaluation Explores explosives detection using deep ultraviolet native fluorescence, Raman spectroscopy, laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, reflectometry, and hyperspectral imaging Examines photodissociation followed by laser-induced fluorescence, photothermal methods, cavity-enhanced absorption spectrometry, and short-pulse laser-based techniques Describes the detection and recognition of explosives using terahertz-frequency spectroscopic techniques Each chapter is authored by a leading expert on the respective technology, and is structured to supply historical perspective, address current advantages and challenges, and discuss novel research and applications. Readers are left with an in-depth understanding and appreciation of each technology’s capabilities and potential for standoff hazard detection.

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry

Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-22
ISBN : 0128032251
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third edition of the Encyclopedia of Spectroscopy and Spectrometry provides authoritative and comprehensive coverage of all aspects of spectroscopy and closely related subjects that use the same fundamental principles, including mass spectrometry, imaging techniques and applications. It includes the history, theoretical background, details of instrumentation and technology, and current applications of the key areas of spectroscopy. The new edition will include over 80 new articles across the field. These will complement those from the previous edition, which have been brought up-to-date to reflect the latest trends in the field. Coverage in the third edition includes: Atomic spectroscopy Electronic spectroscopy Fundamentals in spectroscopy High-Energy spectroscopy Magnetic resonance Mass spectrometry Spatially-resolved spectroscopic analysis Vibrational, rotational and Raman spectroscopies The new edition is aimed at professional scientists seeking to familiarize themselves with particular topics quickly and easily. This major reference work continues to be clear and accessible and focus on the fundamental principles, techniques and applications of spectroscopy and spectrometry. Incorporates more than 150 color figures, 5,000 references, and 300 articles for a thorough examination of the field Highlights new research and promotes innovation in applied areas ranging from food science and forensics to biomedicine and health Presents a one-stop resource for quick access to answers and an in-depth examination of topics in the spectroscopy and spectrometry arenas

Encyclopedia of Modern Optics

Encyclopedia of Modern Optics Book
Author : Bob D. Guenther,Duncan Steel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-14
ISBN : 0128149825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, Second Edition, provides a wide-ranging overview of the field, comprising authoritative reference articles for undergraduate and postgraduate students and those researching outside their area of expertise. Topics covered include classical and quantum optics, lasers, optical fibers and optical fiber systems, optical materials and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Articles cover all subfields of optical physics and engineering, such as electro-optical design of modulators and detectors. This update contains contributions from international experts who discuss topics such as nano-photonics and plasmonics, optical interconnects, photonic crystals and 2D materials, such as graphene or holy fibers. Other topics of note include solar energy, high efficiency LED’s and their use in illumination, orbital angular momentum, quantum optics and information, metamaterials and transformation optics, high power fiber and UV fiber lasers, random lasers and bio-imaging. Addresses recent developments in the field and integrates concepts from fundamental physics with applications for manufacturing and engineering/design Provides a broad and interdisciplinary coverage of specialist areas Ensures that the material is appropriate for new researchers and those working in a new sub-field, as well as those in industry Thematically arranged and alphabetically indexed, with cross-references added to facilitate ease-of-use

Understanding Organometallic Reaction Mechanisms and Catalysis

Understanding Organometallic Reaction Mechanisms and Catalysis Book
Author : Valentin P. Ananikov
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-08-29
ISBN : 3527678220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring and highlighting the new horizons in the studies of reaction mechanisms that open joint application of experimental studies and theoretical calculations is the goal of this book. The latest insights and developments in the mechanistic studies of organometallic reactions and catalytic processes are presented and reviewed. The book adopts a unique approach, exemplifying how to use experiments, spectroscopy measurements, and computational methods to reveal reaction pathways and molecular structures of catalysts, rather than concentrating solely on one discipline. The result is a deeper understanding of the underlying reaction mechanism and correlation between molecular structure and reactivity. The contributions represent a wealth of first-hand information from renowned experts working in these disciplines, covering such topics as activation of small molecules, C-C and C-Heteroatom bonds formation, cross-coupling reactions, carbon dioxide converison, homogeneous and heterogeneous transition metal catalysis and metal-graphene systems. With the knowledge gained, the reader will be able to improve existing reaction protocols and rationally design more efficient catalysts or selective reactions. An indispensable source of information for synthetic, analytical, and theoretical chemists in academia and industry.