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From The War On Poverty To The War On Crime

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From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime

From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime Book
Author : Elizabeth Hinton
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2016-05-09
ISBN : 0674737237
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How did the land of the free become the home of the world’s largest prison system? Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source: not the War on Drugs of the Reagan administration but the War on Crime that began during Johnson’s Great Society at the height of the civil rights era.

From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime

From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime Book
Author : Elizabeth Hinton
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-08-04
ISBN : 9780674979826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In the United States today, one in every 31 adults is under some form of penal control, including one in eleven African American men. How did the "land of the free" become the home of the world's largest prison system? Challenging the belief that America's prison problem originated with the Reagan administration's War on Drugs, Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source: the social welfare programs of Lyndon Johnson's Great Society at the height of the civil rights era. Johnson's War on Poverty policies sought to foster equality and economic opportunity. But these initiatives were also rooted in widely shared assumptions about African Americans' role in urban disorder, which prompted Johnson to call for a simultaneous War on Crime. The 1965 Law Enforcement Assistance Act empowered the national government to take a direct role in militarizing local police. Federal anticrime funding soon incentivized social service providers to ally with police departments, courts, and prisons. Under Richard Nixon and his successors, welfare programs fell by the wayside while investment in policing and punishment expanded. Anticipating future crime, policy makers urged states to build new prisons and introduced law enforcement measures into urban schools and public housing, turning neighborhoods into targets of police surveillance. By the 1980s, crime control and incarceration dominated national responses to poverty and inequality. The initiatives of that decade were less a sharp departure than the full realization of the punitive transformation of urban policy implemented by Republicans and Democrats alike since the 1960s."--Provided by publisher.

From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime

From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime Book
Author : Elizabeth Hinton
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2016-05-09
ISBN : 0674969200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How did the land of the free become the home of the world’s largest prison system? Elizabeth Hinton traces the rise of mass incarceration to an ironic source: not the War on Drugs of the Reagan administration but the War on Crime that began during Johnson’s Great Society at the height of the civil rights era.

Analogies at War

Analogies at War Book
Author : Jens Meierhenrich
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silent enim leges inter armaCicero1What is war, as we now use the term? What are the consequences thereof for the meaning of law? Under what conditions is the language of war necessary for capturing the demands on law in times of transition? By examining the evolution of 'war talk' and 'law talk', and the implications thereof for 'rights talk', this article examines the promise - and limits - of transformative law, with particular reference to recent developments in the United States. From the 'war on poverty' to the 'war on crime' and from the 'war on drugs' to the 'war on terrorism', the practice of law in the United States has taken its cue from the language of war. To ascertain the meaning of language, this article provides a discourse analysis of law - and war - in times of transition. The article introduces modes of analogical reasoning and demonstrates the importance of analysing language for understanding law and public policy. The analysis shows that decision-makers use analogies not simply to justify law and public policy (what I term rhetoric) but also to perform specific cognitive and information-processing tasks essential to decision-making (what I term reason). Applying this framework for analysis to the case at hand, the article traces the emergence of the 'war on terrorism' and explains, first, how the language of war informed US responses to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 and delineates, second, the consequences thereof for political rights and civil liberties.

A History of Crime and the American Criminal Justice System

A History of Crime and the American Criminal Justice System Book
Author : Mitchel P. Roth
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-10-10
ISBN : 1351373773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a history of crime and the criminal justice system in America, written particularly for students of criminal justice and those interested in the history of crime and punishment. It follows the evolution of the criminal justice system chronologically and, when necessary, offers parallels between related criminal justice issues in different historical eras. From its antecedents in England to revolutionary times, to the American Civil War, right through the twentieth century to the age of terrorism, this book combines a wealth of resources with keen historical judgement to offer a fascinating account of the development of criminal justice in America. A new chapter brings the story up to date, looking at criminal justice through the Obama era and the early days of the Trump administration. Each chapter is broken down into four crucial components related to the American criminal justice system from the historical perspective: lawmakers and the judiciary; law enforcement; corrections; and crime and punishment. A range of pedagogical features, including timelines of key events, learning objectives, critical thinking questions and sources, as well as a full glossary of key terms and a Who’s Who in Criminal Justice History, ensures that readers are well-equipped to navigate the immense body of knowledge related to criminal justice history. Essential reading for Criminal Justice majors and historians alike, this book will be a fascinating text for anyone interested in the development of the American criminal justice system from ancient times to the present day.

The Ethics of Policing and Imprisonment

The Ethics of Policing and Imprisonment Book
Author : Molly Gardner,Michael Weber
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-27
ISBN : 3319977709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume considers the ethics of policing and imprisonment, focusing particularly on mass incarceration and police shootings in the United States. The contributors consider the ways in which non-ideal features of the criminal justice system—features such as the prevalence of guns in America, political pressures, considerations of race and gender, and the lived experiences of people in jails and prisons—impinge upon conclusions drawn from more idealized models of punishment and law enforcement. There are a number of common themes running throughout the chapters. One is the contrast between idealism and realism about justice. Another is the attention to harmful consequences, not only of prisons themselves, but to the events that often precede incarceration, including encounters with police and pre-trial detention. A third theme is the legacy of racism in the United States and the role that the criminal justice system plays in perpetuating racial oppression.

Hearst to Hughes

Hearst to Hughes Book
Author : Donald T. Lunde
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1425977049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Brighten Cambridge's first novella, A Father's Son, he discovers the essence of spiritual destiny and the impact it has on readers everywhere. A Father's Son devours the spirit of what it means for a young man to destroy the image of his abusive father and to accept a Heavenly Father that he has never known. The greatest survival for Paul, the protagonist of the novella, is of the soul and of the mind, not the abuse inflicted upon him. The conflict of our souls are the battles we never win. Paul must be reconciled with his past to find resolutions with what he has done and suffered. Perhaps, if we go looking for God we may never find Him, and if we go blindly into the days He is there staring back at us in the reflections of our memories. For Paul there are only pieces of a broken reality that he must eventually place back together in order to make sense of his destiny.

Body Count

Body Count Book
Author : William John Bennett,John J. DiIulio
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Body Count diagnoses America's plague of violent crime. Its authors - William Bennett, John DiIulio, and John Walters - define the epidemic's size, its range, and its scope. Through stories and anecdotes they present the very real human tragedies behind the numbers. Most important, they describe the source of violent crime: abject moral poverty, the destitution visited upon children raised without loving, capable, responsible adults who teach right from wrong. Though dozens of other explanations have been offered for America's horrifying rates of violent crime - from academics and clinicians, cops and social workers, politicians on the right and the left - they are, at best, proxies for the real cause. It is not prisons (or their scarcity), guns (or their excess), the death penalty, the exclusionary rule, or even material impoverishment. Look to the root of a criminally twisted tree, the authors argue, and you will find only moral poverty and its parasite: drug abuse." "And argue they do, with both powerful rhetoric and rigorous analysis. Bennett, DiIulio, and Walters demolish such myths as economic poverty causes crime; the United States imprisons a disproportionate number of its citizens; drug abuse is a victimless crime...and nothing useful can be done about it anyway; the death penalty is today a major deterrent of crime; and incarceration doesn't work." "Each and every one of these myths is not merely wrong but tragically mistaken. The authors draw upon an immense fund of hard data and offer some of the most serious analysis ever given to America's criminal justice system - a system designed to protect America from violent crime, a system that has, for all practical purposes, failed, with one in three violent crimes committed by a person on either probation, parole, or pre-trial release. Body Count offers a radically new reading of the problem, proposes controversial but necessary policies at every level of government, profiles cities that are making progress against violent crime, and appeals to responsible citizens from all points on the political compass to join forces in the battle against moral poverty. It is certain to be one of the most read, discussed, and argued about books of the year."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Militarised Responses to Transnational Organised Crime

Militarised Responses to Transnational Organised Crime Book
Author : Tuesday Reitano,Sasha Jesperson,Lucia Bird Ruiz-Benitez de Lugo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-06
ISBN : 3319575651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume examines the use of militarised responses to different forms of criminal activity, discussing the outcomes and unintended consequences. Politicians and policymakers frequently use militarised responses to look tough on crime. The deployment of armies, navies, military assets and militarised approaches can send a powerful message, but have produced mixed results. While they generate the perception that governments are actively engaged on issues of concern to the public, and in some cases have resulted in notable successes, on the downside they have frequently also increased the loss of life, exacerbated the humanitarian consequences of a particular crime and entrenched divides between security and state institutions and the criminal proponents, narrowing the possibilities for future negotiated solutions. By focusing on four different areas of criminality – wildlife crime, piracy, migration and drug trafficking – the book allows context and evidence-based conclusions to be drawn on the strategic value and commonality of responses and their outcomes.

The War on Poverty

The War on Poverty Book
Author : Kyle Farmbry
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2014-08-06
ISBN : 0739190792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The War on Poverty: A Retrospective examines the strategies and programs launched since 1964 through the eyes of academics and practitioners engaged in education, health care, social services provision, and community economic development.

The War Against The Poor

The War Against The Poor Book
Author : Herbert J. Gans,Robert S Lynd Professor of Sociology Herbert J Gans
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Revealing widespread stereotypes that have promoted discrimination against the poor, a critical study offers innovative job-centered and education proposals aimed at heightening public awareness and preventing street crime.

At War with Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

At War with Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Book
Author : Thomas E. Baker,John F. Stack
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Two hundred and eleven years ago, Congress proposed and the states ratified the Bill of Rights. Since that time, these rights have been challenged over and over again. The Alien and Sedition Acts, the Civil War, the "Red Scares" during both World Wars, the Cold War and its permanent crisis mentality, the Vietnam era and its civil unrest, and now the War on Terrorism--all are points along a line of contested history and conflict. Each of these crises generated stresses and strains for our constitutional guarantees of civil rights and liberties. This book looks at the War on Terrorism and the campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq through the lenses of constitutional law and American politics. A cohesive set of essays by leading legal scholars brings these challenges into sharp focus, offering a unique perspective on executive power, the rule of law, and the delicate balance between rights, liberties, and threats.'--Publisher.

Examination of the War on Poverty

Examination of the War on Poverty Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Public Welfare. Subcommittee on Employment, Manpower, and Poverty
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Examination of the War on Poverty book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Public Welfare. Subcommittee on Employment, Manpower, and Poverty, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The War on Neighborhoods

The War on Neighborhoods Book
Author : Ryan Lugalia-Hollon,Daniel Cooper
Publisher : Beacon Press
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 0807084654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A narrative-driven exploration of policing and the punishment of disadvantage in Chicago, and a new vision for repairing urban neighborhoods For people of color who live in segregated urban neighborhoods, surviving crime and violence is a generational reality. As violence in cities like New York and Los Angeles has fallen in recent years, in many Chicago communities, it has continued at alarming rates. Meanwhile, residents of these same communities have endured decades of some of the highest rates of arrest, incarceration, and police abuse in the nation. The War on Neighborhoods argues that these trends are connected. Crime in Chicago, as in many other US cities, has been fueled by a broken approach to public safety in disadvantaged neighborhoods. For nearly forty years, public leaders have attempted to create peace through punishment, misinvesting billions of dollars toward the suppression of crime, largely into a small subset of neighborhoods on the city’s West and South Sides. Meanwhile, these neighborhoods have struggled to sustain investments into basic needs such as jobs, housing, education, and mental healthcare. When the main investment in a community is policing and incarceration, rather than human and community development, that amounts to a “war on neighborhoods,” which ultimately furthers poverty and disadvantage. Longtime Chicago scholars Ryan Lugalia-Hollon and Daniel Cooper tell the story of one of those communities, a neighborhood on Chicago’s West Side that is emblematic of many majority-black neighborhoods in US cities. Sharing both rigorous data and powerful stories, the authors explain why punishment will never create peace and why we must rethink the ways that public dollars are invested into making places safe. The War on Neighborhoods makes the case for a revolutionary reformation of our public-safety model that focuses on shoring up neighborhood institutions and addressing the effects of trauma and poverty. The authors call for a profound transformation in how we think about investing in urban communities—away from the perverse misinvestment of policing and incarceration and toward a model that invests in human and community development.

Blot Out Crime Poverty Prostitution War

Blot Out Crime  Poverty  Prostitution  War Book
Author : J. Alfred Kinghorn-Jones
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Release : 2017-11-23
ISBN : 9780331804409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Excerpt from Blot Out Crime, Poverty, Prostitution, War: Why? And How? A community would be considered crazy if some were energetically advocating filtration, others condensation, others chemical treatment of the water on which their health and lives depended, instead of going to the source of the water supply and removing the dead and putrid jackass that was poisoning them. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Real War on Crime

The Real War on Crime Book
Author : National Center on Institutions and Alternatives (U.S.). National Criminal Justice Commission,National Criminal Justice Commission (U.S.),Steven R. Donziger,Steven A. Donziger
Publisher : Harper Perennial
Release : 1996-03-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surveys the current criminal justice system and crime issues

The Other War

The Other War Book
Author : Salvation Army
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1915
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Other War book written by Salvation Army, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dark Ages

Dark Ages Book
Author : Lee McIntyre
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2009-02-13
ISBN : 0262263874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Why the prejudice against adopting a scientific attitude in the social sciences is creating a new 'Dark Ages' and preventing us from solving the perennial problems of crime, war, and poverty. During the Dark Ages, the progress of Western civilization virtually stopped. The knowledge gained by the scholars of the classical age was lost; for nearly 600 years, life was governed by superstitions and fears fueled by ignorance. In this outspoken and forthright book, Lee McIntyre argues that today we are in a new Dark Age—that we are as ignorant of the causes of human behavior as people centuries ago were of the causes of such natural phenomena as disease, famine, and eclipses. We are no further along in our understanding of what causes war, crime, and poverty—and how to end them—than our ancestors. We need, McIntyre says, another scientific revolution; we need the courage to apply a more rigorous methodology to human behavior, to go where the empirical evidence leads us—even if it threatens our cherished religious or political beliefs about human autonomy, race, class, and gender. Resistance to knowledge has always arisen against scientific advance. Today's academics—economists, psychologists, philosophers, and others in the social sciences—stand in the way of a science of human behavior just as clerics attempted to block the Copernican revolution in the 1600s. A scientific approach to social science would test hypotheses against the evidence rather than find and use evidence only to affirm a particular theory, as is often the practice in today's social sciences. Drawing lessons from Galileo's conflict with the Catholic church and current debates over the teaching of "creation science," McIntyre argues that what we need most to establish a science of human behavior is the scientific attitude—the willingness to hear what the evidence tells us even if it clashes with religious or political pieties—and the resolve to apply our findings to the creation of a better society.

United States History the Relevant Issues

United States History  the Relevant Issues Book
Author : Joseph A. Bagnall,Louis C. Reichman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download United States History the Relevant Issues book written by Joseph A. Bagnall,Louis C. Reichman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

If the War on Drugs is Over Now What

If the War on Drugs is Over    Now What   Book
Author : Adam Blackwell
Publisher : FriesenPress
Release : 2015-11-10
ISBN : 1460277813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It's Time to Declare War on the War on Crime In 2011, the Global Commission on Drug Policy deemed the War on Drugs a failure. Initiated under Richard Nixon in 1971, the War on Drugs' emphasis on harsh law enforcement and strong-arm police tactics spawned four decades of widespread violence, corruption, economic devastation, and overflowing prisons, with little to no effect on the flow of drugs around the world. While most people realize the War on Drugs was a failure, many of these same people continue to champion its "often forgotten cousin," the War on Crime. Characterized by the same punitive philosophy and tactics, the War on Crime is a multi-billion dollar global enterprise that is achieving similarly dismal results. Despite the obvious inadequacy of this approach to domestic and international security, few politicians are willing to consider an alternative, for fear of being labeled "soft on crime." Into this environment steps Ambassador Adam Blackwell, Secretary for Multidimensional Security at the Organization of American States. Drawing on his extensive experience working in some of the most violent countries in the world, Ambassador Blackwell argues that the solution to insecurity is not necessarily more security, more police, more troops, or harsher sentences. Instead, using case studies from Latin America and the Caribbean, he argues in favor of a multi-dimensional, data-driven, multi-stakeholder approach that focuses on solving systemic societal problems rather than punishing individual crimes. Far from a "soft on crime" method, in this book, Ambassador Blackwell contends that such an approach opens up fresh new ideas and methods for battling crime at home and abroad that, unlike the War on Crime, don't exacerbate the very problems they are trying to solve....