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Freedom Of Information And The Developing World

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Freedom of Information and the Developing World

Freedom of Information and the Developing World Book
Author : Colin Darch,Peter G Underwood
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-12-14
ISBN : 1780630204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rather than simply summarising the state of play in African countries and elsewhere, Freedom of Information and the Developing World identifies and makes explicit the assumptions about the citizen’s relationship to the state that lie beneath Freedom of Information (FoI) discourse. The book goes on to test them against the reality of the pervasive politics of patronage that characterise much of African practice. Develops a discourse about the concept of FoI Discussion of the human rights claim appropriates the concepts of Hohfeldian analysis for more radical purposes in support of the idea that the state has a duty to implement FoI practices

Freedom of Information in the Developing World

Freedom of Information in the Developing World Book
Author : Colin Darch,Peter G. Underwood
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 9781843341994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rather than simply summarizing the state of play in African countries and elsewhere, this book attempts to identify and to make explicit the assumptions about the citizen's relationship to the state that lie beneath Freedom of Information (FoI) discourse, and then to test them against the reality of the pervasive politics of patronage that characterize much of African practice. The two sides of the equation are the willingness and capacity of a state bureaucracy to comply with legislation, and the growth of a demand for accountability on the part of the citizenry. This second aspect is complicated in many countries by a discourse/language problem. Finally, the book asks whether, for tactical and strategic reasons, FoI should be treated as a technical `delivery problem' or linked to wider human rights and transparency issues. The conclusion discusses whether FoI really helps to build democratic practices, or whether it is better considered to be an outcome of them.

Public Access to Information for Development

Public Access to Information for Development Book
Author : Victoria L. Lemieux,Stephanie E. Trapnell
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 2016-06-29
ISBN : 1464808805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With more than 100 right to information (RTI) laws—also called freedom of information or access to information laws—now in place globally, the groundwork has been laid to advance more transparent, accountable, and inclusive governance as a pathway to poverty reduction and economic development. This guide explores the historical development of RTI laws, the factors that drive passage and effective implementation of these laws, the operation of the laws, and the impact of these laws in different country contexts and sectors, as well as the challenges of measuring the contribution of RTI laws to development outcomes. Public Access to Information for Development: A Guide to the Effective Implementation of Right to Information Laws is based on two years of research studying how RTI has been implemented in countries in different regions and with varying income levels. The research has aimed to develop a theoretical framework by which to identify the drivers of effective implementation of RTI laws and to support measurement of effective implementation; the outcomes are discussed. This guide grapples with questions such as the following: • What does it mean to have effectively implemented an RTI law? • What aspects of a law have to be operational before it can be said to have been effectively implemented? • What other factors are most critical to the effective implementation of RTI laws? • Why does effective implementation of RTI matter?

The Transparency Fix

The Transparency Fix Book
Author : Mark Fenster
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release : 2017-07-18
ISBN : 1503602672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Is the government too secret or not secret enough? Why is there simultaneously too much government secrecy and a seemingly endless procession of government leaks? The Transparency Fix asserts that we incorrectly assume that government information can be controlled. The same impulse that drives transparency movements also drives secrecy advocates. They all hold the mistaken belief that government information can either be released or kept secure on command. The Transparency Fix argues for a reformation in our assumptions about secrecy and transparency. The world did not end because Julian Assange, WikiLeaks, and Edward Snowden released classified information. But nor was there a significant political change. "Transparency" has become a buzzword, while secrecy is anathema. Using a variety of real-life examples to examine how government information actually flows, Mark Fenster describes how the legal regime's tenuous control over state information belies both the promise and peril of transparency. He challenges us to confront the implausibility of controlling government information and shows us how the contemporary obsession surrounding transparency and secrecy cannot radically change a state that is defined by so much more than information.

Many Voices One World

Many Voices  One World Book
Author : International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems,Sean MacBride
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780742528680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1980 and now back in print, Many Voices, One World came out of hundreds of international studies and proposed reforms for global communication media to ensure a free flow of information. Prepared by the distinguished MacBride Commission-and frequently referred to as the MacBride Report-it criticized corporate control of media flows and suggested ways to make media production accessible in poorer countries. Beginning with the right of individuals and nations to communicate, this report tackled problems related to government controls, censorship, one-way flows of information, cultural dominance, and commercialization of the mass media. It called for more voices, more freedom of expression, and the protection of journalists' rights. Still widely taught and cited, the MacBride Report is a key work in the history of communication that continues to be relevant today.

The Routledge Companion to Media and Human Rights

The Routledge Companion to Media and Human Rights Book
Author : Howard Tumber,Silvio Waisbord
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 1317215133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Routledge Companion to Media and Human Rights offers a comprehensive and contemporary survey of the key themes, approaches and debates in the field of media and human rights. The Companion is the first collection to bring together two distinct ways of thinking about human rights and media, including scholarship that examines media as a human right alongside that which looks at media coverage of human rights issues. This international collection of 49 newly written pieces thus provides a unique overview of current research in the field, while also providing historical context to help students and scholars appreciate how such developments depart from past practices. The volume examines the universal principals of freedom of expression, legal instruments, the right to know, media as a human right, and the role of media organisations and journalistic work. It is organised thematically in five parts: Communication, Expression and Human Rights Media Performance and Human Rights: Political Processes Media Performance and Human Rights: News and Journalism Digital Activism, Witnessing and Human Rights Media Representation of Human Rights: Cultural, Social and Political. Individual essays cover an array of topics, including mass-surveillance, LGBT advocacy, press law, freedom of information and children’s rights in the digital age. With contributions from both leading scholars and emerging scholars, the Companion offers an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach to media and human rights allowing for international comparisons and varying perspectives. The Routledge Companion to Media and Human Rights provides a comprehensive introduction to the current field useful for both students and researchers, and defines the agenda for future research.

Security and Software for Cybercafes

Security and Software for Cybercafes Book
Author : Adomi, Esharenana E.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2008-04-30
ISBN : 1599049058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cybercafes, which are places where Internet access is provided for free, provide the opportunity for people without access to the Internet, or who are traveling, to access Web mail and instant messages, read newspapers, and explore other resources of the Internet. Due to the important role Internet cafes play in facilitating access to information, there is a need for their systems to have well-installed software in order to ensure smooth service delivery. Security and Software for Cybercafes provides relevant theoretical frameworks and current empirical research findings on the security measures and software necessary for cybercafes, offering information technology professionals, scholars, researchers, and educators detailed knowledge and understanding of this innovative and leading-edge issue, both in industrialized and developing countries.

Library 3 0

Library 3 0 Book
Author : Tom Kwanya,Christine Stilwell,Peter Underwood
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-12-09
ISBN : 178063384X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The emerging generation of research and academic library users expect the delivery of user-centered information services. ‘Apomediation’ refers to the supporting role librarians can give users by stepping in when users need help. Library 3.0 explores the ongoing debates on the “point oh phenomenon and its impact on service delivery in libraries. This title analyses Library 3.0 and its potential in creating intelligent libraries capable of meeting contemporary needs, and the growing role of librarians as apomediators. Library 3.0 is divided into four chapters. The first chapter introduces and places the topic in context. The second chapter considers “point oh libraries. The third chapter covers library 3.0 librarianship, while the final chapter explores ways libraries can move towards ‘3.0'. Focuses on social media in research and academic libraries Gives context to the discussion of apomediation in librarianship and information services provision Provides a balance between more traditional and more progressive approaches

Information Communication Technologies and Human Development Opportunities and Challenges

Information Communication Technologies and Human Development  Opportunities and Challenges Book
Author : Gasc¢-Hernandez, Mila,Equiza-Lopez, Fran,Acevedo-Ruiz, Manuel
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2006-11-30
ISBN : 159904059X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasizes the need to consider the geographic, historic, and cultural context of an information communication technology (ICT) for development initiative. This work includes several real examples that show some of the key success factors that have to be taken into consideration when using ICTs for development. It is a tool for practitioners.

Regional Cooperation and International Organizations

Regional Cooperation and International Organizations Book
Author : Norbert Götz,Heidi Haggrén
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2009-01-21
ISBN : 1134045956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the roles of national actors within international organizations, with particular emphasis on the collaborative approach adopted by Nordic governments and associations. Analyzing Nordic regional cooperation within international organizations, this volume seeks to shed light on the politics of alignment and distinct macro-regional identity-building in international arenas. Exploring the middle ground between the national and the international, contributors discuss how Nordic governments and associations have successfully created and used the image of a distinct group within the international system and where they have failed. Presenting a richer picture of international and transnational relations, the volume’s features include: a key focus on the ‘Nordic model’ with its schism in regard to the EU studies on cooperation between governments and within civil society, including trade unions and anti-EU movements contributions from Nordic and international experts highly respected in their fields Seeking to move beyond neo-realist and cosmopolitan approaches in international studies, Regional Cooperation and International Organizations will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, regionalism, Nordic studies, and Transnationalism.

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-05-08
ISBN : 0080888615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and a first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. As always, the subjects covered are varied and exemplary of the myriad of subject matter dealt with by this long-running serial. * Maintains the highest impact factor among serial publications in agriculture * Presents timely reviews on important agronomy issues * Enjoys a long-standing reputation for excellence in the field

Adult Teaching And Learning Developing Your Practice

Adult Teaching And Learning  Developing Your Practice Book
Author : Cross, Sue
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Release : 2009-08-01
ISBN : 0335234666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maps the terrain of adult teaching and learning, introducing and exploring selected issues from scholarship with a view to developing teaching practice. This title encourages reflection upon personal practice and understandings. It re-frames the teaching and learning process around the professional character of the teacher.

Digital Access and E Government Perspectives from Developing and Emerging Countries

Digital Access and E Government  Perspectives from Developing and Emerging Countries Book
Author : Mothataesi Sebina, Peter Mazebe II
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-03-31
ISBN : 146665869X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Access to government information faces many roadblocks in developing and emerging economies due to lack of appropriate legal frameworks and other requisite information laws. However, there is hope that many countries are now recognizing the importance of providing access to public information resources. Digital Access and E-Government: Perspectives from Developing and Emerging Countries explores the relationships that exist between access to information laws and e-government. It shares the strategies used in encouraging access to information in a variety of jurisdictions and environments, to be of use to e-government designers and practitioners, policymakers, and university professors.

Global Governance and NGO Participation

Global Governance and NGO Participation Book
Author : Charlotte Dany
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-13
ISBN : 0415531365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores the limits of NGO influence and the conditions that constrain NGOs when they participate in international negotiations Through an empirically rich study of the UN World Summits on the Information Society (WSIS) this book conceptualizes structural power mechanisms that shape global ICT governance and analyses the impact of NGOs on communication rights, intellectual property rights, financing, and Internet governance. The institutional framework of UN negotiations makes it easy for states to exclude NGOs from crucial meetings and to neglect their most relevant demands, in part explaining why NGOs had only limited influence on the policy outcomes of the WSIS in Geneva 2003 and Tunis 2005, although high numbers of NGOs participated. Using a critical perspective, Dany demonstrates that despite the far-reaching participation rights for civil society actors, structural power mechanisms continued to limit the influence of participating NGOs and this contradicts the widely held assumption that extensive NGO participation necessarily increases NGO influence on the policy outcomes. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, global governance, the United Nations, and global information and communication politics.