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Fractography In Failure Analysis Of Polymers

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Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers Book
Author : Michael Hayes,Dale Edwards,Andy Shah
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-05-08
ISBN : 0323297994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. Case studies are included for a wide range of polymer types, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. Presents a comprehensive guide to applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practices on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Anne C. Roulin-Moloney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1989-06-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites book written by Anne C. Roulin-Moloney, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book
Author : Emile Greenhalgh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-09-28
ISBN : 1845696816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers Book
Author : John Scheirs
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2000-10-03
ISBN : 9780471625728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intended as a practical guide for polymer technologists, engineers and analysts in the plastics, composites and rubber fields, this title describes a range of techniques and strategies for compositional and failure analysis of polymeric materials and products. Numerous examples illustrate the application of analytical methods for solving commonly encountered problems in the polymer industry. The reader is guided towards the most appropriate method of analysis and measurement and the most likely reasons for the failure. Areas covered include: * Migration and interaction of additives * Mechanical stress and stress cracking * Crazing and fracture * Residual stress and weld lines * Contamination and discoloration Numerous pedagogical methods, illustrative flow diagrams, figures and tables are used throughout the text to make it an invaluable guide to all analysts and polymer engineers in industrial or academic laboratories.

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics Book
Author : ASM International,Steve Lampman
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2003
ISBN : 1615030735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Handbook of Adhesion Technology

Handbook of Adhesion Technology Book
Author : Lucas F. M. da Silva,Andreas Öchsner,Robert D. Adams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-10
ISBN : 3642011683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adhesives have been used for thousands of years, but until 100 years ago, the vast majority was from natural products such as bones, skins, fish, milk, and plants. Since about 1900, adhesives based on synthetic polymers have been introduced, and today, there are many industrial uses of adhesives and sealants. It is difficult to imagine a product—in the home, in industry, in transportation, or anywhere else for that matter—that does not use adhesives or sealants in some manner. The Handbook of Adhesion Technology is intended to be the definitive reference in the field of adhesion. Essential information is provided for all those concerned with the adhesion phenomenon. Adhesion is a phenomenon of interest in diverse scientific disciplines and of importance in a wide range of technologies. Therefore, this handbook includes the background science (physics, chemistry and materials science), engineering aspects of adhesion and industry specific applications. It is arranged in a user-friendly format with ten main sections: theory of adhesion, surface treatments, adhesive and sealant materials, testing of adhesive properties, joint design, durability, manufacture, quality control, applications and emerging areas. Each section contains about five chapters written by internationally renowned authors who are authorities in their fields. This book is intended to be a reference for people needing a quick, but authoritative, description of topics in the field of adhesion and the practical use of adhesives and sealants. Scientists and engineers of many different backgrounds who need to have an understanding of various aspects of adhesion technology will find it highly valuable. These will include those working in research or design, as well as others involved with marketing services. Graduate students in materials, processes and manufacturing will also want to consult it.

Forensic Polymer Engineering

Forensic Polymer Engineering Book
Author : Peter Rhys Lewis
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06-09
ISBN : 0081007280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Polymer Engineering: Why Polymer Products Fail in Service, Second Edition presents and explains the latest forensic engineering techniques used in the investigation of failed polymer materials that are illustrated with a very large number of detailed case studies which show the different types of failure and the forensic engineering techniques used in their investigation. In this updated edition, new case studies have been added to include patent disputes and failed products such as spiral wound wall storage tanks, lithium battery explosions, water bottle failures, and breast implant failures (such as the PIP scandal). New images demonstrating failure have been included, and images from the previous edition are reproduced in color and enhanced with additional explanatory detail. With a dedicated focus on polymeric materials, the book includes details on the experimental techniques that are used to characterize the materials, particularly in cases of failure. Finally, the book has information on the fabrication of polymer devices, as manufacturing flaws often play a role in failure. Demonstrates the latest forensic engineering techniques used in the investigation of failed polymer components Presents detailed case studies that illustrate different types of failure in polymer components, fittings, and medical devices Examines the role of manufacturing in product failure with an overview of faults recognized in methods, design, and material selection Provides an integrated approach to polymer failures that covers everything from basic materials properties, through to the experimental techniques required to study them

Self Reinforced Polymer Composites

Self Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Padmanabhan Krishnan,Sharan Chandran M
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2022-06-21
ISBN : 3110647338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of self-reinforced polymer composites (SRCs) science and technology. After introducing the fundamental characteristics of SRCs, ample space is given to manufacturing, processing, characterization and application techniques. The approach is didactic and focused on formulations, illustrations and applications, which makes the book ideal for students, teachers and practitioners alike.

Characterization and Analysis of Polymers

Characterization and Analysis of Polymers Book
Author : Arza Seidel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-02-08
ISBN : 0470233001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on Wiley′s renowned Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, this book provides coverage of key methods of characterization of the physical and chemical properties of polymers, including atomic force microscopy, chromatographic methods, laser light scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, and thermal analysis, among others. Written by prominent scholars from around the world, this reference presents over twenty–five self –contained articles on the most used analytical techniques currently practiced in polymer science.

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials Book
Author : Wolfgang Grellmann,Beate Langer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 3319418793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the most recent advances in the deformation and fracture behaviour of polymer material. It provides deeper insight into related morphology–property correlations of thermoplastics, elastomers and polymer resins. Each chapter of this book gives a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art methods of materials testing and diagnostics, tailored for plastic pipes, films and adhesive systems as well as elastomeric components and others. The investigation of deformation and fracture behaviour using the experimental methods of fracture mechanics has been the subject of intense research during the last decade. In a systematic manner, modern aspects of fracture mechanics in the industrial application of polymers for bridging basic research and industrial development are illustrated by multifarious examples of innovative materials usage. This book will be of value to scientists, engineers and in polymer materials science.

Fractography

Fractography Book
Author : Derek Hull
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1999-09-23
ISBN : 9780521646840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An advanced 1999 text for those working in materials science and related inter-disciplinary subjects.

Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : S C Tjong,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-10-29
ISBN : 0857090240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer nanocomposites are polymer matrices reinforced with nano-scale fillers. This new class of composite materials has shown improved mechanical and physical properties. The latter include enhanced optical, electrical and dielectric properties. This important book begins by examining the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites, then reviews their diverse applications. Part one focuses on polymer/nanoparticle composites, their synthesis, optical properties and electrical conductivity. Part two describes the electrical, dielectric and thermal behaviour of polymer/nanoplatelet composites, whilst polymer/nanotube composites are the subject of Part three. The processing and industrial applications of these nanocomposite materials are discussed in Part four, including uses in fuel cells, bioimaging and sensors as well as the manufacture and applications of electrospun polymer nanocomposite fibers, nanostructured transition metal oxides, clay nanofiller/epoxy nanocomposites, hybrid epoxy-silica-rubber nanocomposites and other rubber-based nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites: Physical properties and applications is a valuable reference tool for both the research community and industry professionals wanting to learn about the these materials and their applications in such areas as fuel cell, sensor and biomedical technology. Examines the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites and reviews their diverse applications Comprehensively assesses polymer/nanoparticle composites exploring experimental techniques and data associated with the conductivity and dielectric characterization A specific section on polymer/nanotube composites features electrical and dielectric behaviour of polymer/carbon nanotube composites

Polymer Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction

Polymer Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction Book
Author : Harrison Shagwira,Fredrick Madaraka Mwema,Thomas Ochuku Mbuya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-27
ISBN : 1000527956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the application of Polymer-Silica Based Composites in the Construction Industry providing the fundamental framework and knowledge needed for the sustainable and efficient use of these composites as building and structural materials. It also includes characterization of prepared materials to ascertain mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and analyses results obtained using similar methods. Topics such as life cycle analysis of plastics, application of plastics in construction and elimination of plastic wastes are also discussed. The book also provides information on the outlook and competitiveness of emerging composites materials. Covers theory, preparation and characterizations of polymer-silica based composites for green construction. Discusses technology, reliability, manufacturing cost and environmental impact. Reviews the classification, application, and processing of polymer-silica composites. Gives a deeper analysis on the various tests carried out on polymer-silica composite. Highlights role of such composites in the Industry 4.0 and emerging technologies. This book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in civil engineering, built environment, construction materials, and materials science.

Failure Analysis

Failure Analysis Book
Author : J. Ivan Dickson,Eugen Abramovici
Publisher : Asm International
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A translated, revised, and updated edition of Kikinzoku no Kagaku (1985), published by Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo K.K. The first 10 chapters, comprising the science section, start from the basic level and progress to recent developments so that they are readable even for non-experts. The remaining 14 ch

Advances in Structural Integrity

Advances in Structural Integrity Book
Author : Raghu Prakash,Vikram Jayaram,Ashok Saxena
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-23
ISBN : 9811071977
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes selected technical papers presented at the First Structural Integrity Conference and Exhibition (SICE-2016). The papers, by eminent scientists and academicians working in the areas of structural integrity, life prediction, and condition monitoring, are classified under the domains of: aerospace, fracture mechanics, fatigue, creep-fatigue interactions, civil structures, experimental techniques, computation mechanics, polymer and metal matrix composites, life prediction, mechanical design, energy and transport, bio-engineering, structural health monitoring, nondestructive testing, failure analysis, materials processing, stress corrosion cracking, reliability and risk analysis. The contents of this volume will be useful to researchers, students and practicing engineers alike.

Forensic Engineering

Forensic Engineering  Book
Author : Colin Gagg
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-02-21
ISBN : 1000038122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Engineering: The Art and Craft of a Failure Detective synthesizes the current academic knowledge, with advances in process and techniques developed in the last several years, to bring forensic materials and engineering analysis into the 21st century. The techniques covered in the book are applied to the myriad types of cases the forensic engineer and investigator may face, serving as a working manual for practitioners. Analytical techniques and practical, applied engineering principles are illustrated in such cases as patent and intellectual property disputes, building and product failures, faulty design, air and rail disasters, automobile recalls, and civil and criminal cases. Both private and criminal cases are covered as well as the legal obligation, requirements, and responsibilities under the law, particularly in cases of serious injury or even death. Forensic Engineering will appeal to professionals working in failure analysis, loss adjustment, occupational health and safety as well as professionals working in a legal capacity in cases of produce failure and liability—including criminal cases, fraud investigation, and private consultants in engineering and forensic engineering.

Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures

Polymers at Cryogenic Temperatures Book
Author : Susheel Kalia,Shao-Yun Fu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 3642353355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Kalia and Fu's novel monograph covers cryogenic treatment, properties and applications of cryo-treated polymer materials. Written by numerous international experts, the twelve chapters in this book offer the reader a comprehensive picture of the latest findings and developments, as well as an outlook on the field. Cryogenic technology has seen remarkable progress in the past few years and especially cryogenic properties of polymers are attracting attention through new breakthroughs in space, superconducting, magnetic and electronic techniques. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, educators, engineers and graduate students in the field and at technical institutions.

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer FRP composites for civil engineering

Developments in fiber reinforced polymer  FRP  composites for civil engineering Book
Author : R. Liang,G. Hota
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 012808779X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter presents dozens of select environmental engineering applications of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials with emphasis on their environmental benefits, followed by discussions on durability of composites. Significance of design codes and specifications in promoting and advancing the applications of FRP composites is addressed. With ever increasing attention toward a sustainable built environment, FRP composites have potential to be selected as a material of choice because of the performance and design advantages of FRPs.

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology Concise

Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology  Concise Book
Author : Herman F. Mark
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-16
ISBN : 0470073691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The compact, affordable reference, revised and updated The Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Concise Third Edition provides the key information from the complete, twelve-volume Mark's Encyclopedia in an affordable, condensed format. Completely revised and updated, this user-friendly desk reference offers quick access to all areas of polymer science, including important advances in nanotechnology, imaging and analytical techniques, controlled polymer architecture, biomimetics, and more, all in one volume. Like the twelve-volume full edition, the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Concise Third Edition provides both SI and common units, carefully selected key references for each article, and hundreds of tables, charts, figures, and graphs.

Medical Plastics

Medical Plastics Book
Author : Robert C Portnoy
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-12-10
ISBN : 0080950434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of plastics is widespread. Less widespread, however, is a clear understanding and examination of the many forms of degradation inherent within the very environments these materials must perform. Medical PlasticsùDegradation Resistance & Failure Analysis fills that void. The introductory chapter gives an overview of the medical applications of plastics and the specific performance requirements they need to meet. The following chapters discuss various degrading environments and their effects including environmental stress cracking, effect of body liquids, effect of harsh environments, and various methods of sterilization. The book also discusses the failure of medical devices due to contamination, low temperature, the effects of UV light, migration of formulation components, mechanical stresses, and problems with design and fabrication. Case histories of failures of some common products used in medicine are also provided.