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Fractal Models In Exploration Geophysics

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Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics

Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics Book
Author : V.P. Dimri,R.P. Srivastava,Nimisha Vedanti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-10-22
ISBN : 0080914446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Researchers in the field of exploration geophysics have developed new methods for the acquisition, processing and interpretation of gravity and magnetic data, based on detailed investigations of bore wells around the globe. Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics describes fractal-based models for characterizing these complex subsurface geological structures. The authors introduce the inverse problem using a fractal approach which they then develop with the implementation of a global optimization algorithm for seismic data: very fast simulated annealing (VFSA). This approach provides high-resolution inverse modeling results—particularly useful for reservoir characterization. Serves as a valuable resource for researchers studying the application of fractals in exploration, and for practitioners directly applying field data for geo-modeling Discusses the basic principles and practical applications of time-lapse seismic reservoir monitoring technology - application rapidly advancing topic Provides the fundamentals for those interested in reservoir geophysics and reservoir simulation study Demonstrates an example of reservoir simulation for enhanced oil recovery using CO2 injection

Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics

Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics Book
Author : Vijay Dimri,R. P. Srivastava,Nimisha Vedanti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0080451586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Researchers in the field of exploration geophysics have developed new methods for the acquisition, processing and interpretation of gravity and magnetic data, based on detailed investigations of bore wells around the globe. Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics describes fractal-based models for characterizing these complex subsurface geological structures. The authors introduce the inverse problem using a fractal approach which they then develop with the implementation of a global optimization algorithm for seismic data: very fast simulated annealing (VFSA). This approach provides high-resolution inverse modeling results--particularly useful for reservoir characterization. Serves as a valuable resource for researchers studying the application of fractals in exploration, and for practitioners directly applying field data for geo-modeling Discusses the basic principles and practical applications of time-lapse seismic reservoir monitoring technology - application rapidly advancing topic Provides the fundamentals for those interested in reservoir geophysics and reservoir simulation study Demonstrates an example of reservoir simulation for enhanced oil recovery using CO2 injection

Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics

Fractal Models in Exploration Geophysics Book
Author : V P Dimri,R P Srivastava,Nimisha Vedanti
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-10-15
ISBN : 9780081028407
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fractal Models in Geophysics: Seismic Modelling and Interpretation describes fractal-based models for characterizing and interpreting complex subsurface geological structures based on gravity and magnetic data. The book introduces the inverse problem using a fractal approach, which is then developed with the implementation of a global optimization algorithm for seismic data: very fast simulated annealing (VFSA). It discusses applications in seismic exploration, modelling, interpretation, and rock property estimation. Updated with the latest technology and examples, Fractal Models in Geophysics demonstrates how the fractal theory has challenged the concept of random distribution of source's properties, such as reflectivity, density, porosity. As such, it is a valuable resource for geophysicists and exploration geologists, as well as to those interested the study of seismicity and reservoirs. Serves as a valuable resource for researchers studying the application of fractals in exploration, modelling, and interpretation, and for practitioners directly applying field data for geophysical modelling and estimating reservoir rock properties Discusses the basic principles and practical applications of time-lapse seismic reservoir monitoring technology Demonstrates how the fractal theory can be used the processing and inversion of seismic data as well as in seismic reservoir characterization Includes updates throughout to reflect advances in the field and technology

Fractal Solutions for Understanding Complex Systems in Earth Sciences

Fractal Solutions for Understanding Complex Systems in Earth Sciences Book
Author : V.P. Dimri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-21
ISBN : 3319246755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with fractals in understanding problems encountered in earth science, and their solutions. It starts with an analysis of two classes of methods (homogeneous fractals random models, and homogeneous source distributions or “one point” distributions) widely diffused in the geophysical community, especially for studying potential fields and their related source distributions. Subsequently, the use of fractals in potential fields is described by scaling spectral methods for estimation of curie depth. The book also presents an update of the use of the fractal concepts in geological understanding of faults and their significance in geological modelling of hydrocarbon reservoirs. Geophysical well log data provide a unique description of the subsurface lithology; here, the Detrended Fluctuation Analysis technique is presented in case studies located off the west-coast of India. Another important topic is the fractal model of continuum percolation which quantitatively reproduce the flow path geometry by applying the Poiseuille’s equation. The pattern of fracture heterogeneity in reservoir scale of natural geological formations can be viewed as spatially distributed self-similar tree structures; here, the authors present simple analytical models based on the medium structural characteristics to explain the flow in natural fractures. The Fractal Differential Adjacent Segregation (F-DAS) is an unconventional approach for fractal dimension estimation using a box count method. The present analysis provides a better understanding of variability of the system (adsorbents – adsorbate interactions). Towards the end of book, the authors discuss multi-fractal scaling properties of seismograms in order to quantify the complexity associated with high-frequency seismic signals. Finally, the book presents a review on fractal methods applied to fire point processes and satellite time-continuous signals that are sensitive to fire occurrences.

Wavelets and Fractals in Earth System Sciences

Wavelets and Fractals in Earth System Sciences Book
Author : E. Chandrasekhar,V. P. Dimri,V. M. Gadre
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 146655360X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject of wavelet analysis and fractal analysis is fast developing and has drawn a great deal of attention in varied disciplines of science and engineering. Over the past couple of decades, wavelets, multiresolution, and multifractal analyses have been formalized into a thorough mathematical framework and have found a variety of applications w

Global Optimization Methods in Geophysical Inversion

Global Optimization Methods in Geophysical Inversion Book
Author : Mrinal K. Sen,Paul L. Stoffa
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-02-21
ISBN : 1139619519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing an up-to-date overview of the most popular global optimization methods used in interpreting geophysical observations, this new edition includes a detailed description of the theoretical development underlying each method and a thorough explanation of the design, implementation and limitations of algorithms. New and expanded chapters provide details of recently developed methods, such as the neighborhood algorithm, particle swarm optimization, hybrid Monte Carlo and multi-chain MCMC methods. Other chapters include new examples of applications, from uncertainty in climate modeling to whole earth studies. Several different examples of geophysical inversion, including joint inversion of disparate geophysical datasets, are provided to help readers design algorithms for their own applications. This is an authoritative and valuable text for researchers and graduate students in geophysics, inverse theory and exploration geoscience, and an important resource for professionals working in engineering and petroleum exploration.

Computational Science and Its Applications ICCSA 2017

Computational Science and Its Applications     ICCSA 2017 Book
Author : Osvaldo Gervasi,Beniamino Murgante,Sanjay Misra,Giuseppe Borruso,Carmelo M. Torre,Ana Maria A.C. Rocha,David Taniar,Bernady O. Apduhan,Elena Stankova,Alfredo Cuzzocrea
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-03
ISBN : 3319623923
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The six-volume set LNCS 10404-10409 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computational Science and Its Applications, ICCSA 2017, held in Trieste, Italy, in July 2017. The 313 full papers and 12 short papers included in the 6-volume proceedings set were carefully reviewed and selected from 1052 submissions. Apart from the general tracks, ICCSA 2017 included 43 international workshops in various areas of computational sciences, ranging from computational science technologies to specific areas of computational sciences, such as computer graphics and virtual reality. Furthermore, this year ICCSA 2017 hosted the XIV International Workshop On Quantum Reactive Scattering. The program also featured 3 keynote speeches and 4 tutorials.

Integrated Reservoir Studies for CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery and Sequestration

Integrated Reservoir Studies for CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery and Sequestration Book
Author : Shib Sankar Ganguli
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-30
ISBN : 3319558439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the feasibility of CO2-EOR and sequestration in a mature Indian oil field, pursuing for the first time a cross-disciplinary approach that combines the results from reservoir modeling and flow simulation, rock physics modeling, geomechanics, and time-lapse (4D) seismic monitoring study. The key findings presented indicate that the field under study holds great potential for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and subsequent CO2 storage. Experts around the globe argue that storing CO2 by means of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) could support climate change mitigation by reducing the amount of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere by ca. 20%. CO2-EOR and sequestration is a cutting-edge and emerging field of research in India, and there is an urgent need to assess Indian hydrocarbon reservoirs for the feasibility of CO2-EOR and storage. Combining the fundamentals of the technique with concrete examples, the book is essential reading for all researchers, students and oil & gas professionals who want to fully understand CO2-EOR and its geologic sequestration process in mature oil fields.

Petroleum Geosciences Indian Contexts

Petroleum Geosciences  Indian Contexts Book
Author : Soumyajit Mukherjee
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-19
ISBN : 3319031198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book incorporates original and review articles on several aspects of petroleum geosciences from Indian terrains, both onshore and offshore, and includes diverse geological (tectonic, sedimentological, organic geochemical, paleontological, stratigraphic, modelling and various others), geophysical methods and policy aspects.

Fundamentals of Gas Shale Reservoirs

Fundamentals of Gas Shale Reservoirs Book
Author : Reza Rezaee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 1119039207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides comprehensive information about the key exploration, development and optimization concepts required for gas shale reservoirs Includes statistics about gas shale resources and countries that have shale gas potential Addresses the challenges that oil and gas industries may confront for gas shale reservoir exploration and development Introduces petrophysical analysis, rock physics, geomechanics and passive seismic methods for gas shale plays Details shale gas environmental issues and challenges, economic consideration for gas shale reservoirs Includes case studies of major producing gas shale formations

Applied Geochemistry

Applied Geochemistry Book
Author : Athanas S. Macheyeki,Dalaly Peter Kafumu,Feng Yuan,Xiaohui Li
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 0128194952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applied Geochemistry: Advances in Mineral Exploration Techniques is a book targeting all levels of exploration geologists, geology students and geoscientists working in the mining industry. This reference book covers mineral exploration techniques from multiple dimensions, including the application of statistics - both principal component analysis and factor analysis - to multifractal modeling. The book explains these approaches step-by-step and gives their limitations. In addition to techniques and applications in mineral exploration, Applied Geochemistry describes mineral deposits and the theories underpinning their formation through worldwide case studies. Includes both conventional and nonconventional techniques for mineral exploration, including lithogeochemical methods Highlights the importance and applications of multifractal models, 3D - mineral prospectivity modeling Features case studies from mines and mineral exploration ventures around the world

Fractals in Petroleum Geology and Earth Processes

Fractals in Petroleum Geology and Earth Processes Book
Author : C.C. Barton,P.R. La Pointe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461518156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this unique volume, renowned experts discuss the applications of fractals in petroleum research-offering an excellent introduction to the subject. Contributions cover a broad spectrum of applications from petroleum exploration to production. Papers also illustrate how fractal geometry can quantify the spatial heterogeneity of different aspects of geology and how this information can be used to improve exploration and production results.

Non Linear Variability in Geophysics

Non Linear Variability in Geophysics Book
Author : D. Schertzer,S. Lovejoy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400921470
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

consequences of broken symmetry -here parity-is studied. In this model, turbulence is dominated by a hierarchy of helical (corkscrew) structures. The authors stress the unique features of such pseudo-scalar cascades as well as the extreme nature of the resulting (intermittent) fluctuations. Intermittent turbulent cascades was also the theme of a paper by us in which we show that universality classes exist for continuous cascades (in which an infinite number of cascade steps occur over a finite range of scales). This result is the multiplicative analogue of the familiar central limit theorem for the addition of random variables. Finally, an interesting paper by Pasmanter investigates the scaling associated with anomolous diffusion in a chaotic tidal basin model involving a small number of degrees of freedom. Although the statistical literature is replete with techniques for dealing with those random processes characterized by both exponentially decaying (non-scaling) autocorrelations and exponentially decaying probability distributions, there is a real paucity of literature appropriate for geophysical fields exhibiting either scaling over wide ranges (e. g. algebraic autocorrelations) or extreme fluctuations (e. g. algebraic probabilities, divergence of high order statistical moments). In fact, about the only relevant technique that is regularly used -fourier analysis (energy spectra) -permits only an estimate of a single (power law) exponent. If the fields were mono-fractal (characterized by a single fractal dimension) this would be sufficient, however their generally multifractal character calls for the development of new techniques.

Treatise on Geophysics

Treatise on Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 0444538038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Geophysics, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. Thoroughly revised and updated, it provides fundamental and state-of-the-art discussion of all aspects of geophysics. A highlight of the second edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements. This title is essential for professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of Geophysics and Earth system science. Comprehensive and detailed coverage of all aspects of geophysics Fundamental and state-of-the-art discussions of all research topics Integration of topics into a coherent whole

Geophysics Today

Geophysics Today Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2010
ISBN : 156080226X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geophysics Today book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Geophysics

Advances in Geophysics Book
Author : Cedric Schmelzbach
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 012815537X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Geophysics is a highly-respected publication in the field of geophysics. Since 1952, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now with over 50 volumes, the series contains much material still relevant today – truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics. Provides high-level reviews of the latest innovations in geophysics Written by recognized experts in the field Presents an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics

Modeling The Earth For Oil Exploration

Modeling The Earth For Oil Exploration Book
Author : Klaus Helbig
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-07-14
ISBN : 1483287939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents an overview of the results of a European Union integrated program in which approximately two hundred earth scientists participated, drawn from all fields related to exploration. Two classes of modeling were addressed - geological modeling - the relationship between the conditions of sedimentation and the resulting reservoir conditions; and wave-propagation modeling - the investigation of wave-propagation through media of various degrees of complexity. Wave-propagation modeling was carried out either mathematically or physically with the most modern tools. An important aspect of the project was the inversion of seismic data, that is the determination of the parameters of the medium from observations. This problem is closely related to modeling since it is based on the inversion of the mathematical steps and often uses modeling for verification and updating. The geological data presents novel concepts with a coverage that is both broad in area and in discipline. The geophysical investigations are at the leading edge of current research. Although detailed results have been published separately by investigators, this volume is the only source of reference which summarises the results; but incorporating sufficient detail to enable the reader to follow the scientific reasoning.

Journal of Seismic Exploration

Journal of Seismic Exploration Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of Seismic Exploration book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fractal Models in the Earth Sciences

Fractal Models in the Earth Sciences Book
Author : Gabor Korvin
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A fractal is a mathematical set or object whose form is extremely irregular and/or fragmented at all scales. So reads Mandelbrot's definition of the term which he coined and widely popularised in his famous monographs. This volume presents the first systematic summary of the fractal models that have been proposed to explain the irregular features and phenomena of the Earth -- from meandering rivers and rugged coastlines to the pore space of reservoir sandstones and the prediction of earthquakes. No previous knowledge of fractals is assumed. Connections and analogies with other fields of natural and technical sciences (physics, biology, fractography, etc.) are always pointed out. More than 300 illustrations are included, demonstrating how fractal geometry reveals astonishing similarities between natural phenomena at widely different scales. The readership for this book is wide and includes: geological scientists, oceanographers, and meteorologists involved in describing and analysing irregular spatial data; as well as applied mathematicians, physicists and computer scientists looking for new fields of research.

Exploration Geophysics

Exploration Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Exploration Geophysics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.