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Foundations Of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory And Methods

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Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods

Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0444638911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods, Second Edition, builds on the strength of the first edition to offer a systematic exposition of geophysical electromagnetic theory and methods. This new edition highlights progress made over the last decade, with a special focus on recent advances in marine and airborne electromagnetic methods. Also included are recent case histories on practical applications in tectonic studies, mineral exploration, environmental studies and off-shore hydrocarbon exploration. The book is ideal for geoscientists working in all areas of geophysics, including exploration geophysics and applied physics, as well as graduate students and researchers working in the field of electromagnetic theory and methods. Presents theoretical and methodological foundations of geophysical field theory Synthesizes fundamental theory and the most recent achievements of electromagnetic (EM) geophysical methods in the framework of a unified systematic exposition Offers a unique breadth and completeness in providing a general picture of the current state-of-the-art in EM geophysical technology Discusses practical aspects of EM exploration for mineral and energy resources

Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods

Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-06-12
ISBN : 9780080931760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book the author presents the state-of-the-art electromagnetic (EM) theories and methods employed in EM geophysical exploration. The book brings together the fundamental theory of EM fields and the practical aspects of EM exploration for mineral and energy resources. This text is unique in its breadth and completeness in providing an overview of EM geophysical exploration technology. The book is divided into four parts covering the foundations of EM field theory and its applications, and emerging geophysical methods. Part I is an introduction to the field theory required for baseline understanding. Part II is an overview of all the basic elements of geophysical EM theory, from Maxwell's fundamental equations to modern methods of modeling the EM field in complex 3-D geoelectrical formations. Part III deals with the regularized solution of ill-posed inverse electromagnetic problems, the multidimensional migration and imaging of electromagnetic data, and general interpretation techniques. Part IV describes major geophysical electromagnetic methods—direct current (DC), induced polarization (IP), magnetotelluric (MT), and controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) methods—and covers different applications of EM methods in exploration geophysics, including minerals and HC exploration, environmental study, and crustal study. * Presents theoretical and methodological findings, as well as examples of applications of recently developed algorithms and software in solving practical problems * Describes the practical importance of electromagnetic data through enabling discussions on a construction of a closed technological cycle, processing, analysis and three-dimensional interpretation * Updates current findings in the field, especially with MT, magnetovariational and seismo-electrical methods and the practice of 3D interpretations

Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics

Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-07-15
ISBN : 044462712X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Applications, Second Edition, brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. It’s the first book of its kind to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. Unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, it represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory. Written by one of the world’s foremost experts, this work is widely recognized as the ultimate researcher’s reference on geophysical inverse theory and its practical scientific applications. Presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology—the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical way. Provides a critical link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on geophysical inversion theory. Features more than 300 illustrations, figures, charts and graphs to underscore key concepts. Reflects the latest developments in inversion theory and applications and captures the most significant changes in the field over the past decade.

Geophysical Field Theory and Method

Geophysical Field Theory and Method Book
Author : Alexander A. Kaufman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in conducting mediums. It describes the theoretical foundation of electromagnetic methods used in all areas of exploration geophysics, including a study of deep layers of Earth. This book will be useful for research and exploration geophysicists, electronic engineers, and graduate and university geophysics departments. Key Topics Covered Include: . Electromagnetic fields in conducting media . Physical principles of electromagnetic methods applied in geophysics . Relationship between electromagnetic fields and parameters of a medium

Active Geophysical Monitoring

Active Geophysical Monitoring Book
Author : Junzo Kasahara,Michael S. Zhdanov,Hitoshi Mikada
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0081027451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Active Geophysical Monitoring, Second Edition, presents a key method for studying time-evolving structures and states in the tectonically active Earth's lithosphere. Based on repeated time-lapse observations and interpretation of rock-induced changes in geophysical fields periodically excited by controlled sources, active geophysical monitoring can be applied to a variety of fields in geophysics, from exploration, to seismology and disaster mitigation. This revised edition presents the results of strategic systematic development and the application of new technologies. It demonstrates the impact of active monitoring on solid Earth geophysics, also delving into key topics, such as carbon capture and storage, geodesy, and new technological tools. This book is an essential for graduate students, researchers and practitioners across geophysics. Outlines the general concepts of active geophysical monitoring with powerful seismic vibrators and MHD generators Provides historical background for previous studies of seismically active zones Covers the theory and technology of active monitoring, including signal processing, data analysis, novel approaches to numerical modeling, and interpretation Discusses case histories and presents the results of worldwide, regional active monitoring experiments Thoroughly updated to include recent developments, such as updates relating to carbon capture and storage, microgravity, InSAR technologies, geodesy, reservoir monitoring, seismic reflection, and more

Geophysical Field Theory and Method Part B

Geophysical Field Theory and Method  Part B Book
Author : Alex A. Kaufman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1994-02-03
ISBN : 0080959938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in conducting mediums. It describes the theoretical foundation of electromagnetic methods used in all areas of exploration geophysics, including a study of the earth's deep layers. This book will be useful for research and exploration geophysicists, electronic engineers, and graduate and undergraduate students in university geophysics departments. . Electromagnetic fields in conducting media . Physical principles of electromagnetic methods applied in geophysics . Relationship between electromagnetic fields and parameters of a medium

Geophysical Field Theory and Method Part C

Geophysical Field Theory and Method  Part C Book
Author : Alex A. Kaufman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1994-02-11
ISBN : 0080959946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in conducting mediums. It describes the theoretical foundation of electromagnetic methods used in all areas of exploration geophysics, including a study of deep layers of Earth. This book will be useful for research and exploration geophysicists, electronic engineers, and graduate and university geophysics departments. Key Topics Covered Include: . Electromagnetic fields in conducting media . Physical principles of electromagnetic methods applied in geophysics . Relationship between electromagnetic fields and parameters of a medium

Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid

Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid Book
Author : Jennifer L. Gannon,Andrei Swidinsky,Zhonghua Xu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-09-06
ISBN : 1119434386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to geomagnetic storms and the hazards they pose at the Earth’s surface Geomagnetic storms are a type of space weather event that can create Geomagnetically Induced Currents (GICs) which, once they reach Earth’s surface, can interfere with power grids and transport infrastructure. Understanding the characteristics and impacts of GICs requires scientific insights from solar physics, magnetospheric physics, aeronomy, and ionospheric physics, as well as geophysics and power engineering. Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid is a practical introduction for researchers and practitioners that provides tools and techniques from across these disciplines. Volume highlights include: Analysis of causes of geomagnetic storms that create GICs Data and methods used to analyze and forecast GIC hazard GIC impacts on the infrastructure of the bulk power system Analysis techniques used in different areas of GIC research New methods to validate and predict GICs in transmission systems

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Regularization Problems

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Regularization Problems Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-04-24
ISBN : 9780080532509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology. The book brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. This text is the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. The first part is an introduction to inversion theory. The second part contains a description of the basic methods of solution of the linear and nonlinear inverse problems using regularization. The following parts treat the application of regularization methods in gravity and magnetic, electromagnetic, and seismic inverse problems. The key connecting idea of these applied parts of the book is the analogy between the solutions of the forward and inverse problems in different geophysical methods. The book also includes chapters related to the modern technology of geophysical imaging, based on seismic and electromagnetic migration. This volume is unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory.

Quantitative Analysis of Geopressure for Geoscientists and Engineers

Quantitative Analysis of Geopressure for Geoscientists and Engineers Book
Author : Nader C. Dutta,Ran Bachrach,Tapan Mukerji
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-02-28
ISBN : 1107194113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the processes related to geopressure development, prediction and detection using state-of-the-art tools and technologies.

Remote Sensing of Turbulence

Remote Sensing of Turbulence Book
Author : Victor Raizer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-04
ISBN : 1000458806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a unique multidisciplinary integration of the physics of turbulence and remote sensing technology. Remote Sensing of Turbulence provides a new vision on the research of turbulence and summarizes the current and future challenges of monitoring turbulence remotely. The book emphasizes sophisticated geophysical applications, detection, and recognition of complex turbulent flows in oceans and the atmosphere. Through several techniques based on microwave and optical/IR observations, the text explores the technological capabilities and tools for the detection of turbulence, their signatures, and variability. FEATURES Covers the fundamental aspects of turbulence problems with a broad geophysical scope for a wide audience of readers Provides a complete description of remote-sensing capabilities for observing turbulence in the earth’s environment Establishes the state-of-the-art remote-sensing techniques and methods of data analysis for turbulence detection Investigates and evaluates turbulence detection signatures, their properties, and variability Provides cutting-edge remote-sensing applications for space-based monitoring and forecasts of turbulence in oceans and the atmosphere This book is a great resource for applied physicists, the professional remote sensing community, ecologists, geophysicists, and earth scientists.

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 0081029098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences Book
Author : Paolo Dell'Aversana
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 0128104813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences: New Methods for Data Analysis Based on Cognitive Criteria examines the neurobiological background of earth science disciplines. It presents the fundamental features of the human brain that form the cognitive basis of exploration geophysics and investigates how their analysis can drive the development of new brain-based technologies. Crucial aspects of human cognition include the impulse to explore the environment, the ability of our brain to create mental maps and virtual images of the world, and the human ability to recognize, integrate and save patterns of information in a shared memory. Geoscience technology can be made more effective by taking the working neurobiological principles of our brains into account. This book is appropriate for multiple audiences, including neuroscientists, cognitive scientists and geoscientists, presenting both theoretical and experimental results. Presents the neurological background of human brain function and cognition as it relates to the geosciences Explores possible links between geophysics, neural anatomy and neural physiology Dissects topics with a multidisciplinary approach and balanced combination of theory and applications Examines the potential mechanism by which exploration geoscience is triggered by specific neural systems located in primordial areas of the subcortical brain Proposes working hypotheses and possible scenarios for future research in neuroscience and the geosciences

Hydrogeophysics

Hydrogeophysics Book
Author : Yorum Rubin,Susan S. Hubbard
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 9781402031021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This ground-breaking work is the first to cover the fundamentals of hydrogeophysics from both the hydrogeological and geophysical perspectives. Authored by leading experts and expert groups, the book starts out by explaining the fundamentals of hydrological characterization, with focus on hydrological data acquisition and measurement analysis as well as geostatistical approaches. The fundamentals of geophysical characterization are then at length, including the geophysical techniques that are often used for hydrogeological characterization. Unlike other books, the geophysical methods and petrophysical discussions presented here emphasize the theory, assumptions, approaches, and interpretations that are particularly important for hydrogeological applications. A series of hydrogeophysical case studies illustrate hydrogeophysical approaches for mapping hydrological units, estimation of hydrogeological parameters, and monitoring of hydrogeological processes. Finally, the book concludes with hydrogeophysical frontiers, i.e. on emerging technologies and stochastic hydrogeophysical inversion approaches.

Near surface Geophysics

Near surface Geophysics Book
Author : Dwain K. Butler
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1560801301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Near surface Geophysics book written by Dwain K. Butler, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Misac N. Nabighian
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 9780931830464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents mathematical and physical foundations common to all EM methods. There are chapters on numerical and analog modeling. The chapters on electrical properties of rocks and resistivity characteristics of geologic targets helps envisage different kinds of ground structures that may be dealt with and the effect of various factors on observed conductivities of rocks. Basic principles of modern instrument design are in "Detection of Repetitive Electromagnetic Signals." The last chapter discusses the principles of EM inversion as a first step toward achieving the elusive goal of automatic interpretation of EM data.

Treatise on Geophysics

Treatise on Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 0444538038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Geophysics, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. Thoroughly revised and updated, it provides fundamental and state-of-the-art discussion of all aspects of geophysics. A highlight of the second edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements. This title is essential for professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of Geophysics and Earth system science. Comprehensive and detailed coverage of all aspects of geophysics Fundamental and state-of-the-art discussions of all research topics Integration of topics into a coherent whole

Geophysical Interpretation using Integral Equations

Geophysical Interpretation using Integral Equations Book
Author : L. Eskola
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401123705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Along with the general development of numerical methods in pure and applied to apply integral equations to geophysical modelling has sciences, the ability improved considerably within the last thirty years or so. This is due to the successful derivation of integral equations that are applicable to the modelling of complex structures, and efficient numerical algorithms for their solution. A significant stimulus for this development has been the advent of fast digital computers. The purpose of this book is to give an idea of the principles by which boundary-value problems describing geophysical models can be converted into integral equations. The end results are the integral formulas and integral equations that form the theoretical framework for practical applications. The details of mathematical analysis have been kept to a minimum. Numerical algorithms are discussed only in connection with some illustrative examples involving well-documented numerical modelling results. The reader is assu med to have a background in the fundamental field theories that form the basis for various geophysical methods, such as potential theory, electromagnetic theory, and elastic strain theory. A fairly extensive knowledge of mathematics, especially in vector and tensor calculus, is also assumed.

Rock socketed Shafts for Highway Structure Foundations

Rock socketed Shafts for Highway Structure Foundations Book
Author : John P. Turner
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 0309097681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rock socketed Shafts for Highway Structure Foundations book written by John P. Turner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Foundations for Microwave Engineering

Foundations for Microwave Engineering Book
Author : Robert E. Collin
Publisher : Wiley-IEEE Press
Release : 2001-01-05
ISBN : 9780780360310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

FOUNDATIONS FOR MICROWAVE ENGINEERING, Second Edition, covers the major topics of microwave engineering. Its presentation defines the accepted standard for both advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses on microwave engineering. An essential reference book for the practicing microwave engineer, it features: Planar transmission lines, as well as an appendix that describes in detail conformal mapping methods for their analysis and attenuation characteristics Small aperture coupling and its application in practical components such as directional couplers and cavity coupling Printed circuit components with an emphasis on techniques such as even and odd mode analysis and the use of symmetry properties Microwave linear amplifier and oscillator design using solid-state circuits such as varactor devices and transistors FOUNDATIONS FOR MICROWAVE ENGINEERING, Second Edition, has extensive coverage of transmission lines, waveguides, microwave circuit theory, impedance matching and cavity resonators. It devotes an entire chapter to fundamental microwave tubes, in addition to chapters on periodic structures, microwave filters, small signal solid-state microwave amplifier and oscillator design, and negative resistance devices and circuits. Completely updated in 1992, it is being reissued by the IEEE Press in response to requests from our many members, who found it an invaluable textbook and an enduring reference for practicing microwave engineers. Sponsored by: IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society, IEEE Microwave Theory and Techniques Society An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available upon request from the Wiley Makerting Department.