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Foundations Of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory And Methods

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Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods

Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0444638911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foundations of Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods, Second Edition, builds on the strength of the first edition to offer a systematic exposition of geophysical electromagnetic theory and methods. This new edition highlights progress made over the last decade, with a special focus on recent advances in marine and airborne electromagnetic methods. Also included are recent case histories on practical applications in tectonic studies, mineral exploration, environmental studies and off-shore hydrocarbon exploration. The book is ideal for geoscientists working in all areas of geophysics, including exploration geophysics and applied physics, as well as graduate students and researchers working in the field of electromagnetic theory and methods. Presents theoretical and methodological foundations of geophysical field theory Synthesizes fundamental theory and the most recent achievements of electromagnetic (EM) geophysical methods in the framework of a unified systematic exposition Offers a unique breadth and completeness in providing a general picture of the current state-of-the-art in EM geophysical technology Discusses practical aspects of EM exploration for mineral and energy resources

Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods

Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-06-12
ISBN : 9780080931760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book the author presents the state-of-the-art electromagnetic (EM) theories and methods employed in EM geophysical exploration. The book brings together the fundamental theory of EM fields and the practical aspects of EM exploration for mineral and energy resources. This text is unique in its breadth and completeness in providing an overview of EM geophysical exploration technology. The book is divided into four parts covering the foundations of EM field theory and its applications, and emerging geophysical methods. Part I is an introduction to the field theory required for baseline understanding. Part II is an overview of all the basic elements of geophysical EM theory, from Maxwell's fundamental equations to modern methods of modeling the EM field in complex 3-D geoelectrical formations. Part III deals with the regularized solution of ill-posed inverse electromagnetic problems, the multidimensional migration and imaging of electromagnetic data, and general interpretation techniques. Part IV describes major geophysical electromagnetic methods—direct current (DC), induced polarization (IP), magnetotelluric (MT), and controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) methods—and covers different applications of EM methods in exploration geophysics, including minerals and HC exploration, environmental study, and crustal study. * Presents theoretical and methodological findings, as well as examples of applications of recently developed algorithms and software in solving practical problems * Describes the practical importance of electromagnetic data through enabling discussions on a construction of a closed technological cycle, processing, analysis and three-dimensional interpretation * Updates current findings in the field, especially with MT, magnetovariational and seismo-electrical methods and the practice of 3D interpretations

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics

Electromagnetic Methods in Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Misac N. Nabighian
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 1988
ISBN : 1560800224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a slag heap, the result of strip mining, creeps closer to his house in the Ohio hills, fifteen-year-old M. C. is torn between trying to get his family away and fighting for the home they love.

Active Geophysical Monitoring

Active Geophysical Monitoring Book
Author : Junzo Kasahara,Michael S. Zhdanov,Hitoshi Mikada
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0081027451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Active Geophysical Monitoring, Second Edition, presents a key method for studying time-evolving structures and states in the tectonically active Earth's lithosphere. Based on repeated time-lapse observations and interpretation of rock-induced changes in geophysical fields periodically excited by controlled sources, active geophysical monitoring can be applied to a variety of fields in geophysics, from exploration, to seismology and disaster mitigation. This revised edition presents the results of strategic systematic development and the application of new technologies. It demonstrates the impact of active monitoring on solid Earth geophysics, also delving into key topics, such as carbon capture and storage, geodesy, and new technological tools. This book is an essential for graduate students, researchers and practitioners across geophysics. Outlines the general concepts of active geophysical monitoring with powerful seismic vibrators and MHD generators Provides historical background for previous studies of seismically active zones Covers the theory and technology of active monitoring, including signal processing, data analysis, novel approaches to numerical modeling, and interpretation Discusses case histories and presents the results of worldwide, regional active monitoring experiments Thoroughly updated to include recent developments, such as updates relating to carbon capture and storage, microgravity, InSAR technologies, geodesy, reservoir monitoring, seismic reflection, and more

Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics

Inverse Theory and Applications in Geophysics Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-07-15
ISBN : 044462712X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Applications, Second Edition, brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. It’s the first book of its kind to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. Unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, it represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory. Written by one of the world’s foremost experts, this work is widely recognized as the ultimate researcher’s reference on geophysical inverse theory and its practical scientific applications. Presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology—the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical way. Provides a critical link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on geophysical inversion theory. Features more than 300 illustrations, figures, charts and graphs to underscore key concepts. Reflects the latest developments in inversion theory and applications and captures the most significant changes in the field over the past decade.

Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid

Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid Book
Author : Jennifer L. Gannon,Andrei Swidinsky,Zhonghua Xu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-09-06
ISBN : 1119434386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to geomagnetic storms and the hazards they pose at the Earth’s surface Geomagnetic storms are a type of space weather event that can create Geomagnetically Induced Currents (GICs) which, once they reach Earth’s surface, can interfere with power grids and transport infrastructure. Understanding the characteristics and impacts of GICs requires scientific insights from solar physics, magnetospheric physics, aeronomy, and ionospheric physics, as well as geophysics and power engineering. Geomagnetically Induced Currents from the Sun to the Power Grid is a practical introduction for researchers and practitioners that provides tools and techniques from across these disciplines. Volume highlights include: Analysis of causes of geomagnetic storms that create GICs Data and methods used to analyze and forecast GIC hazard GIC impacts on the infrastructure of the bulk power system Analysis techniques used in different areas of GIC research New methods to validate and predict GICs in transmission systems

Quantitative Analysis of Geopressure for Geoscientists and Engineers

Quantitative Analysis of Geopressure for Geoscientists and Engineers Book
Author : Nader C. Dutta,Ran Bachrach,Tapan Mukerji
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-03-11
ISBN : 1107194113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the processes related to geopressure development, prediction and detection using state-of-the-art tools and technologies.

Remote Sensing of Turbulence

Remote Sensing of Turbulence Book
Author : Victor Raizer
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-10-04
ISBN : 1000458806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a unique multidisciplinary integration of the physics of turbulence and remote sensing technology. Remote Sensing of Turbulence provides a new vision on the research of turbulence and summarizes the current and future challenges of monitoring turbulence remotely. The book emphasizes sophisticated geophysical applications, detection, and recognition of complex turbulent flows in oceans and the atmosphere. Through several techniques based on microwave and optical/IR observations, the text explores the technological capabilities and tools for the detection of turbulence, their signatures, and variability. FEATURES Covers the fundamental aspects of turbulence problems with a broad geophysical scope for a wide audience of readers Provides a complete description of remote-sensing capabilities for observing turbulence in the earth’s environment Establishes the state-of-the-art remote-sensing techniques and methods of data analysis for turbulence detection Investigates and evaluates turbulence detection signatures, their properties, and variability Provides cutting-edge remote-sensing applications for space-based monitoring and forecasts of turbulence in oceans and the atmosphere This book is a great resource for applied physicists, the professional remote sensing community, ecologists, geophysicists, and earth scientists.

Geophysical Field Theory and Method Part C

Geophysical Field Theory and Method  Part C Book
Author : Alex A. Kaufman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1994-02-11
ISBN : 0080959946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in conducting mediums. It describes the theoretical foundation of electromagnetic methods used in all areas of exploration geophysics, including a study of deep layers of Earth. This book will be useful for research and exploration geophysicists, electronic engineers, and graduate and university geophysics departments. Key Topics Covered Include: . Electromagnetic fields in conducting media . Physical principles of electromagnetic methods applied in geophysics . Relationship between electromagnetic fields and parameters of a medium

Geophysical Field Theory and Method Part B

Geophysical Field Theory and Method  Part B Book
Author : Alex A. Kaufman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1994-02-03
ISBN : 0080959938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in conducting mediums. It describes the theoretical foundation of electromagnetic methods used in all areas of exploration geophysics, including a study of the earth's deep layers. This book will be useful for research and exploration geophysicists, electronic engineers, and graduate and undergraduate students in university geophysics departments. . Electromagnetic fields in conducting media . Physical principles of electromagnetic methods applied in geophysics . Relationship between electromagnetic fields and parameters of a medium

Geophysical Field Theory and Method

Geophysical Field Theory and Method Book
Author : Alexander A. Kaufman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in conducting mediums. It describes the theoretical foundation of electromagnetic methods used in all areas of exploration geophysics, including a study of the earth's deep layers. This book will be useful for research and exploration geophysicists, electronic engineers, and graduate and undergraduate students in university geophysics departments. . Electromagnetic fields in conducting media . Physical principles of electromagnetic methods applied in geophysics . Relationship between electromagnetic fields and parameters of a medium

Encyclopedia of Geology

Encyclopedia of Geology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 0081029098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Geology, Second Edition presents in six volumes state-of-the-art reviews on the various aspects of geologic research, all of which have moved on considerably since the writing of the first edition. New areas of discussion include extinctions, origins of life, plate tectonics and its influence on faunal provinces, new types of mineral and hydrocarbon deposits, new methods of dating rocks, and geological processes. Users will find this to be a fundamental resource for teachers and students of geology, as well as researchers and non-geology professionals seeking up-to-date reviews of geologic research. Provides a comprehensive and accessible one-stop shop for information on the subject of geology, explaining methodologies and technical jargon used in the field Highlights connections between geology and other physical and biological sciences, tackling research problems that span multiple fields Fills a critical gap of information in a field that has seen significant progress in past years Presents an ideal reference for a wide range of scientists in earth and environmental areas of study

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Regularization Problems

Geophysical Inverse Theory and Regularization Problems Book
Author : Michael S. Zhdanov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-04-24
ISBN : 9780080532509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents state-of-the-art geophysical inverse theory developed in modern mathematical terminology. The book brings together fundamental results developed by the Russian mathematical school in regularization theory and combines them with the related research in geophysical inversion carried out in the West. It presents a detailed exposition of the methods of regularized solution of inverse problems based on the ideas of Tikhonov regularization, and shows the different forms of their applications in both linear and nonlinear methods of geophysical inversion. This text is the first to treat many kinds of inversion and imaging techniques in a unified mathematical manner. The book is divided in five parts covering the foundations of the inversion theory and its applications to the solution of different geophysical inverse problems, including potential field, electromagnetic, and seismic methods. The first part is an introduction to inversion theory. The second part contains a description of the basic methods of solution of the linear and nonlinear inverse problems using regularization. The following parts treat the application of regularization methods in gravity and magnetic, electromagnetic, and seismic inverse problems. The key connecting idea of these applied parts of the book is the analogy between the solutions of the forward and inverse problems in different geophysical methods. The book also includes chapters related to the modern technology of geophysical imaging, based on seismic and electromagnetic migration. This volume is unique in its focus on providing a link between the methods used in gravity, electromagnetic, and seismic imaging and inversion, and represents an exhaustive treatise on inversion theory.

FOUNDATIONS FOR MICROWAVE ENGINEERING 2ND ED

FOUNDATIONS FOR MICROWAVE ENGINEERING  2ND ED Book
Author : Robert E. Collin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9788126515288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

About The Book: The book covers the major topics of microwave engineering. Its presentation defines the accepted standard for both advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses on microwave engineering. It is an essential reference book for the practicing microwave engineer

Near surface Geophysics

Near surface Geophysics Book
Author : Dwain K. Butler
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2005
ISBN : 1560801301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part 1, "fundamentals", includes magnetic and electrical methods, subsurface geophysics, near-surface seismology, electromagnetic induction, and ground-penetrating radar. Part 2, "applications", includes determination of physical properties, multimethod surveys and integrated interpretations, and model-based survey planning, execution, and interpretation.

Near Surface Applied Geophysics

Near Surface Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Mark E. Everett
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-04-25
ISBN : 1107354978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Just a few meters below the Earth's surface lie features of great importance, from geological faults which can produce devastating earthquakes, to lost archaeological treasures! This refreshing, up-to-date book explores the foundations of interpretation theory and the latest developments in near-surface techniques, used to complement traditional geophysical methods for deep-exploration targets. Clear but rigorous, the book explains theory and practice in simple physical terms, supported by intermediate-level mathematics. Techniques covered include magnetics, resistivity, seismic reflection and refraction, surface waves, induced polarization, self-potential, electromagnetic induction, ground-penetrating radar, magnetic resonance, interferometry, seismoelectric and more. Sections on data analysis and inverse theory are provided and chapters are illustrated by case studies, giving students and professionals the tools to plan, conduct and analyze a near-surface geophysical survey. This is an important textbook for advanced-undergraduate and graduate students in geophysics and a valuable reference for practising geophysicists, geologists, hydrologists, archaeologists, and civil and geotechnical engineers.

Rock socketed Shafts for Highway Structure Foundations

Rock socketed Shafts for Highway Structure Foundations Book
Author : John P. Turner,National Cooperative Highway Research Program
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0309097681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

TRB's National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 360: Rock-Socketed Shafts for Highway Structure Foundations explores current practices pertaining to each step of the design process, along with the limitations; identifies emerging and promising technologies; examines the principal challenges in advancing the state of the practice; and investigates future developments and potential improvements in the use and design of rock-socketed shafts.

Fundamentals of Geophysics

Fundamentals of Geophysics Book
Author : William Lowrie
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-09-20
ISBN : 1139465953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition of Fundamentals of Geophysics has been completely revised and updated, and is the ideal geophysics textbook for undergraduate students of geoscience with an introductory level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. It gives a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of each major branch of geophysics, and presents geophysics within the wider context of plate tectonics, geodynamics and planetary science. Basic principles are explained with the aid of numerous figures and step-by-step mathematical treatments, and important geophysical results are illustrated with examples from the scientific literature. Text-boxes are used for auxiliary explanations and to handle topics of interest for more advanced students. This new edition also includes review questions at the end of each chapter to help assess the reader's understanding of the topics covered and quantitative exercises for more thorough evaluation. Solutions to the exercises and electronic copies of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521859028.

Innovation in Near Surface Geophysics

Innovation in Near Surface Geophysics Book
Author : Raffaele Persico,Salvatore Piro,Neil Linford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-05
ISBN : 012812430X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics: Instrumentation, Application, and Data Processing Methods offers an advanced look at state-of-the-art and innovative technologies for near surface geophysics, exposing the latest, most effective techniques in an accessible way. By addressing a variety of geophysical applications, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, characteristics of soil, and others, the book provides an understanding of the best products and methodologies modern near surface geophysics has to offer. It proposes tips for new ideas and projects, and encourages collaboration across disciplines and techniques for the best implementation and results. Clearly organized, with contributions from leaders from throughout geophysics, Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics is an important guide for geophysicists who hope to gain a better understanding of the tools and techniques available. Addresses a variety of applications in near-surface geophysics, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, soil analysis, etc. Provides insight to available products and techniques and offers suggestions for future developments Clearly organized by techniques and their applications

Active Geophysical Monitoring

Active Geophysical Monitoring Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-05
ISBN : 9780080914466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Active geophysical monitoring is an important new method for studying time-evolving structures and states in the tectonically active Earth's lithosphere. It is based on repeated time-lapse observations and interpretation of rock-induced changes in geophysical fields periodically excited by controlled sources. In this book, the results of strategic systematic development and the application of new technologies for active geophysical monitoring are presented. The authors demonstrate that active monitoring may drastically change solid Earth geophysics, through the acquisition of substantially new information, based on high accuracy and real-time observations. Active monitoring also provides new means for disaster mitigation, in conjunction with substantial international and interdisciplinary cooperation. Introduction of a new concept Most experienced authors in the field Comprehensiveness