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Forest Monitoring

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Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring Book
Author : Urša Vilhar,Egbert Beuker,Toshie Mizunuma,Mitja Skudnik,François Lebourgeois,Kamel Soudani,Matthew Wilkinson
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-16
ISBN : 0128055227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapter describes methodologies for harmonized phenological assessments based on a limited set of development phases: flushing, flowering, secondary flushing, color change, and leaf/needle fall. Manual phenological observations are based on a brief examination in the forest stands. More recently, the use of terrestrial digital image photography for forest phenology monitoring has been adopted. Vegetation indices, such as the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) have been used for many years to quantify the phenology of different ecosystems. For satellite-based remote sensing of vegetation phenology, phenological metrics are derived from time series of optical data and represent the only possible assessment of phenology over large and inaccessible regions. All indirect methods using optical vegetation indices from digital camera or NDVI sensors need to be validated against ground observations, for which manual tree phenological observations from the forest monitoring plots are often used. Examples from phenological monitoring in Slovenia, France, United Kingdom, and Finland are presented.

White Mountain National Forest Monitoring Report

White Mountain National Forest Monitoring Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes the White Mountain National Forest ecosystem according to criteria established by the 1986 Land and resource management plan : White Mountain National Forest.

Kelp Forest Monitoring Program

Kelp Forest Monitoring Program Book
Author : Gary E. Davis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Kelp Forest Monitoring Program book written by Gary E. Davis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring Book
Author : Martin Lorenz,Richard Fischer
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-16
ISBN : 0128055154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forest assessments aim at meeting a variety of information needs, such as forest health, forest volume and growth, carbon sequestration, biodiversity, as well as relationships between forests, climate change, and air pollution. Respective forest assessments have been implemented in Europe on different scales with different intensities. The ICP Forests has been established in 1985. With its currently more than 6800 large-scale and more than 760 intensive monitoring plots in Europe and with 40 countries of Europe as well as with Canada and the United States of America also participating, ICP Forests constitutes one of the largest forest monitoring programs in the world. It contributes cooperates with numerous scientific and political institutions and programs. In this context, an overview on current forest information needs and on monitoring approaches and initiatives is provided. Examples of main results are provided.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring Book
Author : Davide Travaglini,Gherardo Chirici,Francesca Bottalico,Marco Ferretti,Piermaria Corona,Anna Barbati,Lorenzo Fattorini
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-16
ISBN : 0128055200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strategic planning of forest resources in Europe requires reliable information on the status and trend of forest condition. National Forest Inventories (NFIs) and Forest Condition Monitoring (FCM) networks are primary sources of data for large area assessments of forest resources. This contribution seeks to outline a statistical perspective for the construction of a European forest monitoring system, able to provide statistically sound estimates of forest condition (defoliation) parameters and of their changes over time. Monitoring objectives, parameters of interest, and accuracy indexes are presented, under the assumption that a common definition for forests is adopted by European countries. The proposed estimators are of two types: (i) based solely on information acquired from FCM and (ii) derived from integration of FCM and NFIs.

National Forest Monitoring Systems

National Forest Monitoring Systems Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,Food and Agriculture Organization
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
Release : 2014-03-06
ISBN : 9789251079621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This document builds on the brief paper presented at the 7th Meeting of the UN-REDD Programme Policy Board, held in Berlin, October 2011 (UNREDD/PB7/2011/13), which lays out ways to consider the REDD+ monitoring and information provision needs in the broader context of national development and environmental strategies, at the implementation level. The purpose of this document is to describe the elements in National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMSs) as they relate to REDD+ under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and to describe the UN-REDD Programme approach to Monitoring and Measurement, Reporting and Verification (M & MRV) requirements."--Page v.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring Book
Author : Stephan Raspe,Annemarie Bastrup-Birk,Stefan Fleck,Wendelin Weis,Helmut Mayer,Henning Meesenburg,Markus Wagner,Dirk Schindler,Karl Gartner
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-16
ISBN : 0128055308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meteorological variables affect composition, structure, growth, health, and dynamics of forest ecosystems. The measurement of meteorological data at forest monitoring plots is essential for the interpretation of climate change effects. Within an ecological monitoring network, standard meteorological variables such as precipitation, air temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, wind velocity, and direction should be measured. These variables are essential for the calculation of total deposition of air pollutants, for the interpretation of biological processes or for the derivation of water budgets and percolation from the rooting zone. Additional variables of interest are soil temperature, stand precipitation, and soil moisture. The magnitude and changes in time of the meteorological variables can be assessed as explanatory factors for other observations made in forest ecological monitoring. A detailed description of different methods is given. As an example for an integrated analysis, the application of meteorological data in water budget modeling is described and results of a pilot study are shown.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-03-16
ISBN : 0080982255
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The demand for comparable, long-term, high quality data on forest ecosystems' status and changes is increasing at the international and global level. Yet, sources for such data are limited and in many case it is not possible to compare data from different monitoring initiatives across space and time because of methodological differences. Apart from technical manuals, there is no comprehensive multidisciplinary, scientific, peer-reviewed reference for forest monitoring methods that can serve and support the user community. This book provides in a single reference the state-of-the-art of monitoring methods as applied at the international level. The book present scientific concepts and methods that form the basis of the transnational, long-term forest monitoring in Europe and looks at other initiatives at the global level. Standardized methods that have been developed over two decades in international forest monitoring projects are presented. Emphasis is put on trans-nationally harmonized methods, related data quality issues, current achievements and on remaining open questions. A comprehensive overview of needs, requirements, organization and possible outcomes of an integrated monitoring program Tested and quality assured, internationally harmonized methodologies based on a complete revision of existing methods carried out in 2009-2011 Connection with monitoring results allows assessment of the potential of the monitoring method

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring Book
Author : Marco Ferretti,Richard Fischer,Andy J. Moffat
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-03-16
ISBN : 0128055383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forest monitoring by terrestrial investigation has achieved a number of results in terms of infrastructure, enhanced international cooperation, development of methods, data, data quality, and capability to provide information. In addition, long-term monitoring data are increasingly requested by researchers and modelers. Despite these achievements, forest monitoring programs are facing increasing challenges related to a superimposed reduction in resources and a generalized loss of appeal and enthusiasm by policy and funding agencies. Although forest monitoring is a relatively young discipline, which has already evolved considerably, a further, rapid evolution is necessary. The next generation of monitoring programs should consider (i) identifying a wider range of users for monitoring information; (ii) expanding monitoring potential by means of connections with terrestrial and remotely based inventory, modeling, and research systems; (iii) adapting and further improving quality and coverage of data, information and reporting to fit specialized stakeholders; and (iv) enhanced global cooperation. Long-term commitment and financial support are necessary to secure continuity of operation, data collection, and maintenance of data series.

VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES ON NATIONAL FOREST MONITORING

VOLUNTARY GUIDELINES ON NATIONAL FOREST MONITORING Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-06-27
ISBN : 9251096198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

National information needs on forests have grown considerably in recent years, evolving from forest area and growing stock information to key aspects of sustainable forest management, such as the role of forests in the conservation of biodiversity and the provision of other ecosystem services. More recently, information on changes in carbon stocks, socio-economic aspects including the contribution to livelihoods and poverty reduction, governance and broader land use issues has become critical for national planning.

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation Book
Author : Frederic Achard,Matthew C. Hansen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1466552026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering recent developments in satellite observation data undertaken for monitoring forest areas from global to national levels, this book highlights operational tools and systems for monitoring forest ecosystems. It also tackles the technical issues surrounding the ability to produce accurate and consistent estimates of forest area changes, which are needed to report greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use changes. Written by leading global experts in the field, this book offers a launch point for future advances in satellite-based monitoring of global forest resources. It gives readers a deeper understanding of monitoring methods and shows how state-of-art technologies may soon provide key data for creating more balanced policies.

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation Book
Author : Fr?d?ric Achard,Matthew C. Hansen
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780429086465
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation book written by Fr?d?ric Achard,Matthew C. Hansen, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Intensive Monitoring of Forest Ecosystems in Europe

Intensive Monitoring of Forest Ecosystems in Europe Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Intensive Monitoring of Forest Ecosystems in Europe book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forest Plan Monitoring Program

Forest Plan Monitoring Program Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Forest Plan Monitoring Program book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

How to Watch the Forests

How to Watch the Forests Book
Author : H. Gyde Lund
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download How to Watch the Forests book written by H. Gyde Lund, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forest Health Monitoring in the Maritimes in 1994

Forest Health Monitoring in the Maritimes in 1994 Book
Author : Laszlo P. Magasi,Canadian Forest Service. Maritimes Region,Atlantic Forestry Centre
Publisher : Fredericton, N.B. : Canadian Forest Service, Maritimes Region
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forest health monitoring activities carried out in the Maritimes by the Forest Insect and Disease Survey are described and results are presented. The Acid Rain National Early Warning System is described and information is provided on the condition of and factors affecting 14 major tree species.

Proceedings of Ilvessalo Symposium on National Forest Inventories

Proceedings of Ilvessalo Symposium on National Forest Inventories Book
Author : Aarne Nyyssönen,Simo Poso,Johanna Rautala
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of Ilvessalo Symposium on National Forest Inventories book written by Aarne Nyyssönen,Simo Poso,Johanna Rautala, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forest Monitoring in Switzerland 1996 1999

Forest Monitoring in Switzerland 1996 1999 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Forest Monitoring in Switzerland 1996 1999 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.