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Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : David A. Perry,Ram Oren,Stephen C. Hart
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1421412810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This acclaimed textbook is the most comprehensive available in the field of forest ecology. Designed for advanced students of forest science, ecology, and environmental studies, it is also an essential reference for forest ecologists, foresters, and land managers. The authors provide an inclusive survey of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests with an emphasis on ecological concepts across scales that range from global to landscape to microscopic. Situating forests in the context of larger landscapes, they reveal the complex patterns and processes observed in tree-dominated habitats. The updated and expanded second edition covers • Conservation• Ecosystem services • Climate change• Vegetation classification• Disturbance• Species interactions• Self-thinning• Genetics• Soil influences• Productivity• Biogeochemical cycling• Mineralization• Effects of herbivory• Ecosystem stability

Invasive Plants and Forest Ecosystems

Invasive Plants and Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Ravinder Kumar Kohli,Shibu Jose,Harminder Pal Singh,Daizy Rani Batish
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-09
ISBN : 9781420043389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the worldwide human population explodes and trade becomes increasingly globalized, the transboundary movement of plant species from their place of origin to foreign regions is escalating and expected to experience continued growth in the coming decades. Invasive Plants and Forest Ecosystems takes an informed and integrated approach to the current onslaught of invasive species, spotlighting the tremendous challenges they pose for natural resource managers charged with the maintenance of biological diversity and the sustainable production of forest wealth. It addresses the havoc these alien invaders are wrecking on native forest ecosystems and the staggering $300 billion annually in damage and control costs they incur. An Up-to-Date Synthesis of Invasive Plants, Their Impact, and Control Strategies Examining invasion ecology through both synthesis and original research chapters, this compilation gives a bird’s eye view of the ecological impact alien invaders have both in temperate and tropical climates. With internationally recognized contributors, this text explores the socioeconomic and policy aspects of adaptive collaborative management strategies that are crucial to controlling alien invasive plants. This book successfully captures the current state of knowledge surrounding this fast-growing ecological issue, making it an indispensable resource for those committed to the protection of global forestry and natural resources.

Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Richard H. Waring,S. W. Running
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780127354439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides new methods of analysis by introducing new techniques to explore the changes in climatic cycles, the implications of wide-scale pollution, fire and other ecological disturbances that have a global effect on all life forms. It provides the reader with almost 40 percent new material in an attempt to organize principles and provide examples for expanding the horizon of ecosystem analyses. It also defines terms and explains concepts in a variety of ways by providing models, equations, graphs, and tabular examples. To help facilitate analysis, the book includes a CD-ROM with additional illustrations and Forest BGC software. * Additional coverage of regional and global scaling issues * New chapters on ecosystem modeling, remote sensing and monitoring of atmospheric chemistry added * Includes a CD-ROM with additional illustrations and Forest BGC Software

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems

Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Springer-verlag
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9783540670254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The storage of carbon in forest ecosystems has received special attention in the Kyoto protocol of the Climate Convention, which attempts to equilibrate fossil fuel emissions with biological sinks. This volume quantifies carbon storage in managed forest ecosystems not only in biomass, but also in all soil compartments. It investigates the interaction between the carbon and nitrogen cycles by working along a north-south transect through Europe which starts in northern Sweden, passes through a N-deposition maximum in central Europe and ends in Italy. Surprisingly, C storage in soils increases with N deposition; in addition, not young reforestations, but old growth forests have the highest rate of carbon sequestration. For the first time biogeochemical processes are linked to biodiversity on a large geographic scale and with special focus on soil organisms. The enclosed CD-ROM provides a complete database of all flux, storage and species observations for modellers.

Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems

Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Malcolm L. Hunter,Malcolm L. Hunter, Jr.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1999-06-10
ISBN : 9780521637688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discusses the ways in which we can continue to benefit from forests, while conserving their biodiversity.

Effects of Accumulation of Air Pollutants in Forest Ecosystems

Effects of Accumulation of Air Pollutants in Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : B. Ulrich,J. Pankrath
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 940096983X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is based on a workshop on "Effects of accumulation of air pollutants in forest ecosystems'; held in GOttingen, Federal Republic of Germany, from May 16-18, 1982. This work'shop was initiated and sponsored by the Environmental Agency of the Federal Republic of Germany (project officer: Dr. J. Pankrath) as part of a research contract (project leader: Dr. B. Ulrich). THE PROBLEM SEEN UNDER THE ASPECT OF ADMINISTRATION The problem of forest damage caused by air pollution is not new in Europe. Already in 1983 a comprehensive report from Schroeder and Reuss about vegetation damages by fume in the Harz mountains was published. In 1923, Prof. Dr. Julius Stocklasa of the Bohemian Technical Highschool in Prague was concerned with research of toxical effects of sulphur dioxide in his publication "The damage of vegetation by flue gas and exhalations of facili ties". This comprehensive and instructive work concludes with the sentence: "It is already high time for the governments of all cultural states to take legal, police and private measures in order to prevent damage by flue gases". In the neighbourhood of industries with high gaseous and dust emissions damages have been shown to occur for a long timei these deleterious effects have influenced the growth of trees and in extreme cases have even caused their early death.

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-25
ISBN : 9789048132669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Sequestration in Forest Ecosystems is a comprehensive book describing the basic processes of carbon dynamics in forest ecosystems, their contribution to carbon sequestration and implications for mitigating abrupt climate change. This book provides the information on processes, factors and causes influencing carbon sequestration in forest ecosystems. Drawing upon most up-to-date references, this book summarizes the current understanding of carbon sequestration processes in forest ecosystems while identifying knowledge gaps for future research, Thus, this book is a valuable knowledge source for students, scientists, forest managers and policy makers.

Entomological Research in Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems

Entomological Research in Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : François Lieutier,Driss Ghaioule
Publisher : Editions Quae
Release : 2005-06-03
ISBN : 9782738011947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the state of the art in entomological research in various Mediterranean forest ecosystems in the world. Unique in its field, it fills an important gap in forest and Mediterranean entomology. It is composed of 4 main parts: overviews on research works; entomological biodiversity; life cycles and relations with host trees; survey and control of insect populations. Researchers, teachers and students in universities as well as forest managers will find in it ground for thinking and much recent information.

Rehabilitation of Degraded Tropical Forest Ecosystems

Rehabilitation of Degraded Tropical Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Shigeo Kobayashi
Publisher : CIFOR
Release : 2001-01-01
ISBN : 9798764706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest ecosystems project. Evaluation of forest harvesting and fire impacts on the forest ecosystems.Development of methods to rehabilitate logged-over forests and degraded forest lands. Development of silvicultural techniques on degraded forest lands. Network of the rehabilitation of degraded forest ecosystems.

Managing Forest Ecosystems The Challenge of Climate Change

Managing Forest Ecosystems  The Challenge of Climate Change Book
Author : Felipe Bravo,Valerie LeMay,Robert Jandl,Klaus Gadow
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-05-20
ISBN : 1402083432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate changes, particularly warming trends, have been recorded around the globe. For many countries, these changes in climate have become evident through insect epidemics (e.g., Mountain Pine Beetle epidemic in Western Canada, bark beetle in secondary spruce forests in Central Europe), water shortages and intense forest fires in the Mediterranean countries (e.g., 2005 droughts in Spain), and unusual storm activities (e.g., the 2004 South-East Asia Tsunami). Climate changes are expected to impact vegetation as manifested by changes in vegetation extent, migration of species, tree species composition, growth rates, and mortality. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has included discussions on how forests may be impacted, and how they may be used to mitigate the impacts of changes in climate, to possibly slow the rate of change. This book provides current scientific information on the biological and economical impacts of climate changes in forest environments, as well as information on how forest management activities might mitigate these impacts, particularly through carbon sequestration. Case studies from a wide geographic range are presented. This information is beneficial to managers and researchers interested in climate change and impacts upon forest environments and economic activities. This volume, which forms part of Springer’s book series Managing Forest Ecosystems, presents state-of-the-art research results, visions and theories, as well as specific methods for sustainable forest management in changing climatic conditions.

Trace Gas Exchange in Forest Ecosystems

Trace Gas Exchange in Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : R. Gasche,H. Papen,H. Rennenberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781402011139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume summarizes the current knowledge on the exchange of trace gases between forests and the atmosphere with the restriction that exclusively carbon and nitrogen compounds are included. For this purpose the volume brings together and interconnects knowledge from different disciplines of biological and atmospheric sciences. It covers microbial and plant processes involved in the production and consumption of these trace gases; the exchange processes between forest soils and vegetation on the one hand, and the atmosphere on the other hand; the fate of the trace gases exchanged inside the atmosphere as well as environmental influences on the exchange of trace gases between forest ecosystems and the atmosphere. With this interdisciplinary approach the volume provides the background for an evaluation of the exchange of trace gases between forest ecosystems and the atmosphere and man-made disturbances of this exchange.

Forest Ecosystems

Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Juan A. Blanco,Yueh-Hsin Lo
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-03-07
ISBN : 9535102028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The common idea for many people is that forests are just a collection of trees. However, they are much more than that. They are a complex, functional system of interacting and often interdependent biological, physical, and chemical components, the biological part of which has evolved to perpetuate itself. This complexity produces combinations of climate, soils, trees and plant species unique to each site, resulting in hundreds of different forest types around the world. Logically, trees are an important component for the research in forest ecosystems, but the wide variety of other life forms and abiotic components in most forests means that other elements, such as wildlife or soil nutrients, should also be the focal point in ecological studies and management plans to be carried out in forest ecosystems. In this book, the readers can find the latest research related to forest ecosystems but with a different twist. The research described here is not just on trees and is focused on the other components, structures and functions that are usually overshadowed by the focus on trees, but are equally important to maintain the diversity, function and services provided by forests. The first section of this book explores the structure and biodiversity of forest ecosystems, whereas the second section reviews the research done on ecosystem structure and functioning. The third and last section explores the issues related to forest management as an ecosystem-level activity, all of them from the perspective of the "other" parts of a forest.

Pine Wilt Disease A Worldwide Threat to Forest Ecosystems

Pine Wilt Disease  A Worldwide Threat to Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Manuel M. Mota,Paulo R. Vieira
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-28
ISBN : 1402084552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pine wilt disease (PWD) is unquestionably a major threat to forest ecosystems worldwide. After seriously affecting Eastern Asian countries, the challenge is now in Europe, following its detection in Portugal in 1999 and its subsequent spread. For foresters, these were really very bad news and, in order for adequate action to be taken, scientists had to teach politicians about the seriousness of the problem. That is never an easy task, but it was successfully done at that time, mainly by the continued effort of Professor Manuel Mota. The challenge of having political decisions based on good science is fundamental for the success of any program, but especially in dif?cult situations such as those arising by the introduction of harmful organisms in new ecosystems. The success of the dialogue between science and policy requires intelligent partners from each side, which is not always necessarily the case... Examples of lack of recognition of problems raised by science are unfortunately abundant throughout the history of science. The recent recognition of the efforts of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Al Gore with the - bel Prize, and the continued failure in taking appropriate actions by major political players is a dramatic modern example of the dif?culty of this dialogue...

Managing Forest Ecosystems to Conserve Fungus Diversity and Sustain Wild Mushroom Harvests

Managing Forest Ecosystems to Conserve Fungus Diversity and Sustain Wild Mushroom Harvests Book
Author : Randy Molina,David Pilz
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1998-05
ISBN : 9780788143434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungi are important components of forest ecosystem mgmt. because they perform essential ecological functions, & commercial harvest of wild edible mushrooms contributes significantly to the regional economy. Inventory & monitoring provide info. for improving mgmt. decisions, but fungi present a unique set of sampling challenges. To address these challenges, a conf. entitled Ecosystem Mgmt. of Forest FungiÓ was convened This report describes the forest mgmt. context of fungus inventory & monitoring issues, summarizes the mycological studies presented at the Conf., & provides a synopsis of audience discussion.

Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystems

Dipterocarp Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : Andreas Schulte,Dieter Hans-Friedrich Sch”ne
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9789810227296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Dipterocarp forests of South-East Asia constitute a dominant component of the world's tropical forests. As such, they are intertwined with a Pandora's box of problems that have plagued the world for decades; Over- and underdevelopment, poverty, hunger, population growth, exploitation of natural resources, environmental degradation, loss of biodiversity, the debt crisis and, of late, climate change. The world community has responded to the crucial role of these forests and the dangers facing them with funds, and a myriad of programmers, projects, institutions, conferences and networks. Apparently neither a lack of knowledge nor finance constrains the dissipation of sustainable management practices: the fate of the world's Dipterocarp forests will certainly depend on the involvement of scientists from many nations and disciplines, but will perhaps ultimately, rest with local policymakers, forest administrators and line foresters. Unfortunately, these two groups rarely share realms, readings or reasoning: practical foresters, invariably very involved with the challenges of day-to-day forest management in remote, isolated environments, may long remain oblivious to scientific developments. Traditionally though they do find solutions to problems, gain deep insights into forest responses and practical constraints, and sometimes even report in semi-obscure publications, which rarely reach the scientific circuit.The editors of the book, both experienced forest and soil scientists and practical forest managers, have attempted to bridge the gap between the realms of forest science and practice in Dipterocarp ecology, management and utilization.