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Forensic Textile Science

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Forensic Textile Science

Forensic Textile Science Book
Author : Debra Carr
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 0081018738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Textile Science provides an introduction to textile science, emphasizing the terminology of the discipline and offering detailed coverage of the ways textile damage analysis can be used in forensics. Part One introduces textiles and their role in forensics, including chapters on fibers, yarns and fabrics, garment types and construction, and household textiles. Part Two covers analysis of textile damage in a forensic context. Key topics include textile degradation and natural damage, weapon and impact damage, textile ripping, and ballistic damage. This book is an important reference point for all those interested in textile damage and the role of textiles in forensics, including academics, post-graduate students, and forensic scientists. Offers various perspectives on forensic textile science from an international team of contributors Provides wide-ranging coverage of textile damage analysis in the context of forensic investigations Includes chapters on fibers, yarns and fabrics, garment types and construction, and household textiles

Forensic Examination of Fibres

Forensic Examination of Fibres Book
Author : James Robertson,Claude Roux,Kenneth G. Wiggins
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-01
ISBN : 1439830711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order for forensic fibre examiners to fully utilize fibre and textile evidence during their analysis, they require not only specialised forensic knowledge but also in-depth knowledge of fibres, yarns and fabrics themselves. Production, both the chemical and physical structure, and the properties of these materials is required in order to determine the value of fibre evidence. This includes knowing production figures, fashion changes, sudden arrivals of new materials, dye variability, and numerous other factors that may have a bearing on the information obtained. Fully updated with the latest advances, Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition continues in the tradition of the First (1992) and Second Editions (1999) as the premier text on the subject of forensic fibre analysis. The international team of contributing authors detail the recovery of the evidence—through the different stages of laboratory examination—to the evaluation of the meaning of findings. The coverage has been considerably expanded, and all material, has been revised and wholly updated. Topics covered include examining damaged textiles, infrared microspectroscopy and thin layer chomatography, and colour analyses. This edition also highlights the critical role of quality assurance in ensuring the reliability of the technical observations and results, and, in doing so, looks at the implications of supervisory managers and labs in the accurate and responsible analysis of such evidence. Features include: Outlining evidentiary process from collecting and preserving the evidence at the crime scene through the laboratory analysis of fibres Detailing the latest developments and emerging technologies including Kevlar and other such advances in fibre technology Coverage of a broad array of fibres both, natural (cellulose, protein, and mineral) and man-made fibres including synthetic, inorganic and regenerated Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition is a much-needed update to the classic book, serving as an indispensable reference to crime scene technicians, laboratory forensic scientists and microscopists, students in police, forensic, and justice science programs.

Forensic Biomechanics

Forensic Biomechanics Book
Author : Jules Kieser,Michael Taylor,Debra Carr
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-11-28
ISBN : 1119990114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to living organisms, and it is one of the most exciting and fastest growing research areas. In forensic science, it is biomechanics that explains trauma to the body at a crime scene or the fracture of fibers and textiles, and helps interpret blood spatter. Forensic Biomechanics is a comprehensive overview of the role of biomechanics in forensics. Well-illustrated with real-life case studies, and using a multidisciplinary approach, this unique book is an invaluable reference for practicing forensic scientists, lawyers, and researchers.

Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles

Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles Book
Author : J. W. S. Hearle,Brenda Lomas,William D. Cooke,W. D. Cooke
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 1998
ISBN : 1855733196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on over 25 years of research at the University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology, this book contains more than 1,500 scanning electron micrographs and other pictures, offering a unique collection of documentary information. The explanatory text presents fiber and polymer scientists an explanation of fracture mechanisms and outlines way to maximize textile life span, enabling textile technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products, and helping forensic scientists to identify cause of failure.

Fundamentals of Forensic Science

Fundamentals of Forensic Science Book
Author : Max M. Houck,Jay A. Siegel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 012800231X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Third Edition, provides current case studies that reflect the ways professional forensic scientists work, not how forensic academicians teach. The book includes the binding principles of forensic science, including the relationships between people, places, and things as demonstrated by transferred evidence, the context of those people, places, and things, and the meaningfulness of the physical evidence discovered, along with its value in the justice system. Written by two of the leading experts in forensic science today, the book approaches the field from a truly unique and exciting perspective, giving readers a new understanding and appreciation for crime scenes as recent pieces of history, each with evidence that tells a story. Straightforward organization that includes key terms, numerous feature boxes emphasizing online resources, historical events, and figures in forensic science Compelling, actual cases are included at the start of each chapter to illustrate the principles being covered Effective training, including end-of-chapter questions – paired with a clear writing style making this an invaluable resource for professors and students of forensic science Over 250 vivid, color illustrations that diagram key concepts and depict evidence encountered in the field

Color Atlas and Manual of Microscopy for Criminalists Chemists and Conservators

Color Atlas and Manual of Microscopy for Criminalists  Chemists  and Conservators Book
Author : Nicholas Petraco,Thomas Kubic
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-29
ISBN : 0203494393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Professionals in many disciplines, from archeology to forensic science and anthropology, must be able to identify organic and inorganic fibers and particles. In a single source, this book presents a range of simple methods to help readers quickly characterize and identify a broad range of materials. Covering substances such as hair and fibers, mine

Forensic Science

Forensic Science Book
Author : Andrew R. W. Jackson,Julie M. Jackson
Publisher : Pearson Education
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780131998803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text aims to provide a broad, scientifically rigorous introduction to forensic science. It covers processes from the crime scene to presentation of forensic science in court and focuses on the chemical, biological and physical methods used in forensic examination.

Identification of Textile Fibers

Identification of Textile Fibers Book
Author : M M Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-01-30
ISBN : 1845695658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

Forensic Chemistry

Forensic Chemistry Book
Author : Jay A. Siegel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-10-05
ISBN : 1118897730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications presents a new approach to the study of applications of chemistry to forensic science. It is edited by one of the leading forensic scientists with each chapter written by international experts specializing in their respective fields, and presents the applications of chemistry, especially analytical chemistry, to various topics that make up the forensic scientists toolkit. This comprehensive, textbook includes in-depth coverage of the major topics in forensic chemistry including: illicit drugs, fibers, fire and explosive residues, soils, glass and paints, the chemistry of fingerprint recovery on porous surfaces, the chemistry of firearms analysis, as well as two chapters on the key tools of forensic science, microscopy and chemometrics. Each topic is explored at an advanced college level, with an emphasis, throughout the text, on the use of chemical tools in evidence analysis. Forensic Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications is essential reading for advanced students of forensic science and analytical chemistry, as well as forensic science practitioners, researchers and faculty, and anyone who wants to learn about the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry in some depth. This book is published as part of the AAFS series 'Forensic Science in Focus'.

Manikins for Textile Evaluation

Manikins for Textile Evaluation Book
Author : Rajkishore Nayak,Rajiv Padhye
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-15
ISBN : 008100950X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manikins for Textile Evaluation is a key resource for all those engaged in textile and apparel development and production, and for academics engaged in research into textile science and technology. Creating garments that work with the human form, both stationary and in motion, is a complex task that requires extensive testing and evaluation. Manikins allow for performance testing of textiles in a safe, controlled, and appropriate environment, and are a key element in developing new textile products. Everyday apparel needs to be assessed for comfort, sizing and fit, and ergonomics, while technical and protective garments require extensive safety and performance testing. Manikins therefore range from simple representations of the human body to complex designs that simulate body temperature, sweating, and motion. Manikins are safe for use in hazardous testing environments, such as fire and flame protection, where wearer trials would be impossible. This book provides extensive coverage of manikin-based evaluation of protective, heat and flame resistant, medical, and automotive textile applications. The role of manikins in the development of day-to-day garments is also discussed, including fit, comfort, and ergonomics. The book is a key resource for all those engaged in textile and apparel development and production, and for academics engaged in research into textile science and technology. Delivers theoretical and practical guidance on evaluation using manikins that is of benefit to anyone developing textile products Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance textiles from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research, and textile development and manufacture Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through product development, to the range of current and potential applications that exploit high-performance textile technology

Principles of Textile Finishing

Principles of Textile Finishing Book
Author : Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-04-29
ISBN : 0081006616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Textile Finishing presents the latest information on textile finishing for industry professionals and researchers who are new to the field. As these processes are versatile and varied in their applications, the book provides information on how decisions on finishes and techniques may be made subjectively or based on experience. In addition, the book presents the desired final properties of textile materials and how they differ widely from product to product, helping finishers who face significant challenges in delivering fabrics that meet the requirements of end-users be successful. Written by an author who is an expert in the field, and who has with many years of experience in industry and academia, this book provides an accessible introduction to the principles, types, and applications of textile finishes. Provides an accessible introduction to the principles, types, and applications of textile finishes Assists industry professionals and researchers in selecting finishes that will result in fabric properties that meet the requirements of end-users Written by an author with years of experience in industry and academia and who is an expert in the field

Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials

Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials Book
Author : Ineta Vilumsone-Nemes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-03-09
ISBN : 0081021232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to cutting room operations, offering step-by-step information on processes, technologies and best practice. This new edition is updated to present the latest advances in automated cutting technology, including advanced spreading methods and machines, advanced knife cutting systems, and pattern matching methods processing garment, home and technical textiles. Drawing on her extensive practical experience, the author begins by reviewing initial steps, such as unloading, sorting and quality control of materials, before discussing subsequent operations, including lay planning and marker making, manual and automated spreading and cutting, fusing of cut components, and final work operations such as sorting cut components for further joining. The book also covers manual and advanced automated marker making, spreading and cutting methods for more intricate fabrics, such as striped fabrics and fabrics with check, motif and border patterns, narrow lace and fabrics with pile. With essential information on cutting room operations and best practice, this book provides engineers, technologists and managers with the knowledge they need to maximize accuracy and efficiency, to control production processes effectively, and to improve product quality. The book also enables academics and students engaged in the field of textile and clothing technology to gain a solid understanding of cutting room procedures. Provides production managers, technologists, and other manufacturing specialists of textile goods the knowledge they need in order to increase raw material utilization and with it reduce productions costs, maximise cutting process efficiency, control production processes effectively, and improve ready product quality. Describes spreading and cutting of garment, home and technical textiles Includes guidance on best practice dealing with intricate fabrics Enables readers to benefit from the latest advances in automated textile cutting technologies

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates Book
Author : William C Smith
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 0081024290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates, Second Edition, reviews a variety of topics regarding textile coatings and laminates to provide a stimulus for developing new and improved textile products. It addresses coating and laminating processes and techniques and base fabrics and their interaction in coated fabrics. Other sections discuss the different types of smart and intelligent coatings and laminates, including microencapsulation technology, conductive coatings, breathable coatings, phase change materials and their applications in textiles. Many new chapters have been added in this updated edition, including the medical applications of smart coatings, responsive coatings, and the integration of electronics into textiles. With its highly distinguished editor and array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for chemists, textile technologists, fiber scientists, textile engineers, and more. Presents the state-of-the-art in smart coatings for fibers, fabrics and polymers, providing fundamental knowledge and stimulus for further research and development Includes a new range of application areas, including responsive coatings, smart coatings for medical applications, and the integration of electronics into textiles through coating technology Provides practical guidance for coating and laminating processes and techniques, with a particular focus on the impact of nanotechnology on intelligent coatings

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres Book
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 008101886X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres, Second Edition introduces tensile properties and failure and testing of fibers, also examining tensile properties and the failure of natural fibers, such as cotton, hemp, flax, agave, wool and silk. Next, the book discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibers, ranging from polyamide, polyester, polyethylene and carbon fibers. Chapters provide a general background of the fiber, including its manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties and methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and international contributors, this book is an important reference for fiber scientists, textile technologists, engineers and academics. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance natural, synthetic polymer and inorganic fibers Offers a range of perspectives on the tensile properties of fibers from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research and in textile development and manufacture

The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology

The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology Book
Author : Shahid ul-Islam,Bhupendra Singh Butola
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-02
ISBN : 0081024924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology provides a review and summary of the role of green chemistry in textiles, including the use of green agents and sustainable technologies in different textile applications. The book systematically covers the history and chemistry of eco-friendly colorants, chitin, chitosan, cyclodextrin, biomordants, antimicrobial, UV protective, flame retardant, insect repellant textiles, and advanced pre- and post- treatment technologies, such as the sonochemistry and plasma methods currently employed in functional modifications. The book also pays attention to the remediation of textile effluents using novel, sustainable and inexpensive adsorbents. Written by high profile contributors with many years of experience in textile technology, the book gives engineers and materials scientists in the textile industry the information they need to effectively deploy these green technologies and processes. Introduces green chemistry and sustainable technologies, and explores their role in different textile applications Examines the use of renewable materials, such as biopolymers, dyes and pigments, biomordants, polyphenols and plant extracts in functional finishing applications Deals the functional modification of textiles using state-of-the-art biotechnology and nanotechnology

Auxetic Textiles

Auxetic Textiles Book
Author : Hong Hu,Minglonghai Zhang,Yanping Liu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-07-11
ISBN : 0081022123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Auxetic Textiles provides a detailed introduction to the basic properties of auxetic materials and how they differ from conventional materials, particularly auxetic textiles, such as polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and textile composites. The book discusses the beneficial properties of auxetic structures in textiles and how to translate those benefits into actual materials development. Sections cover the deformation mechanism of textile structures to achieve auxetic behavior and the modelling and simulation of auxetic textile structures. Finally, the book provides expert insights into potential application areas. Cutting across textiles disciplines, from technical textiles and advanced composites, to fashion and design, the book is a valuable introduction to the field for newcomers, with potent insights into the potential of these materials. Introduces the concept of auxetic materials and their differences from conventional materials Provides a practical guide to the mechanics of achieving auxetic properties in textile materials, including polymers, fibers, yarns, fabrics and composites Reviews and links up research and development in auxetic materials with the textile industry, helping enable the development of a range of new applications

Nanotechnology in Textiles

Nanotechnology in Textiles Book
Author : Rajesh Mishra,Jiri Militky
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-14
ISBN : 0081026277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology in Textiles: Theory and Application explains how conventional methods for treating fabrics for specific functions can by improved upon with the use of nanotechnology. Overviews of relevant, fundamental nanophysics and nanochemistry theory are provided, along with explanations of their application in textile finishing, providing a crucial resource for readers exploring this expanding frontier in textiles. The book draws on research from around the globe to address the latest nanotechnological developments that are all examined with references to industrial applications. Provides a complete, theoretical overview of nanotechnology and nanofibers for those with materials science or engineering backgrounds Covers a broad range of topics, including aerogels, polymer nanocomposites, nanohazards, and electrospinning Looks ahead to emerging applications of nanotechnology in textiles to point the way for further research and innovation

Sustainable Fibres and Textiles

Sustainable Fibres and Textiles Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-29
ISBN : 0081020422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Fibres and Textiles provides a whole-lifecycle approach to the subject of sustainable textiles, from fiber production, through manufacturing and low-energy care and recycling. The scientific, industrial, regulatory and social aspects of this lifecycle are explored by an expert author team who bring global perspectives to this important subject. The first part of the book provides detailed coverage of the sustainable production of textiles, with chapters devoted to each of the main fiber types, including new biosynthetic fibers, such as textiles produced from Polylactic Acid (PLA). The second part examines sustainable production methods, focusing on low carbon production technologies and sustainable, low-pollution methods of processing and dyeing fabrics. The final sections explore the benefits of textiles designed to enable low-energy fabric care via both finishes used to treat the fabric and better care labelling. Re-use and recycling options are also covered, as are ethical aspects, such as fair trade fabrics. Presents an integrated understanding of sustainability through the whole supply-chain – from agriculture, through manufacturing and fabric care, to recycling Teachers users how to make optimal choices of fiber and manufacturing technologies to achieve the sustainable production of high-quality apparel and other textile products Provides a wider understanding of emerging regulatory frameworks that will shape the future of sustainable textiles

Smart Textiles for In Situ Monitoring of Composites

Smart Textiles for In Situ Monitoring of Composites Book
Author : Vladan Koncar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-10-29
ISBN : 008102309X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Textiles for in situ Monitoring of Composites proposes a ‘smart textile’ approach to help solve the problem of real-time monitoring of the structural health of composites. The book combines textiles, composites and structural health monitoring knowledge to present an integrated approach to the deployment of smart textiles to monitor failure modes in composite materials. It introduces the theory of smart textiles for monitoring and measurement applications, describes established and developing techniques and approaches for using smart textiles for in-situ monitoring, and includes different fiber/matrix combinations and hybrid structures that are all presented using academic research and real-world case studies. As smart textiles are fitted with flexible adapted sensors and actuators that detect stress, deformation, temperature changes, light intensity, and other signals from the environment, this book is a timely resource on the topic. Proposes a ‘smart textile’ approach to in situ monitoring of the structural health of composites where the composite structure’s functionalized reinforcement also plays a role Discusses the impact of this technology on different reinforcement materials and matrices Demonstrates, through a review of research and case studies, the implementation of sensing and measurement systems

Advanced Textiles for Wound Care

Advanced Textiles for Wound Care Book
Author : S. Rajendran
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-09-20
ISBN : 0081021933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Textiles for Wound Care, Second Edition, provides a detailed review of how textiles are incorporated into wound care applications, also explaining the importance and suitability of using textiles on different wound types. It is an interdisciplinary book which directly links textile technology with advances in wound care. The book discusses new developments and techniques related to antimicrobial dressings, the use of biopolymers in infection control management, advanced dressings for managing cavity and cancerous wounds, and the application of nanofibers and novel textile structures in scaffolds, among other new areas. This updated edition also reflects recent changes in regulatory affairs. The book is essential reading for manufacturers, designers, scientists and producers of wound care materials. It is a valuable resource for professionals within the medical sector, as well as those in academia, enabling materials scientists and engineers in both academia, and at medical device companies, to stay abreast of new technology. Provides a comprehensive introduction to wound care, from the different types of wound and wound healing mechanisms, to the importance of testing in relation to wound care Analyzes the application of textiles to wound healing, covering minor wounds, burns, ulcers and other deep skin wounds Reviews the current use of smart textiles for wound care, including drug delivery dressings and textile-based scaffolds for tissue engineering