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Forensic Textile Science

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Forensic Textile Science

Forensic Textile Science Book
Author : Debra Carr
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 0081018738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Textile Science provides an introduction to textile science, emphasizing the terminology of the discipline and offering detailed coverage of the ways textile damage analysis can be used in forensics. Part One introduces textiles and their role in forensics, including chapters on fibers, yarns and fabrics, garment types and construction, and household textiles. Part Two covers analysis of textile damage in a forensic context. Key topics include textile degradation and natural damage, weapon and impact damage, textile ripping, and ballistic damage. This book is an important reference point for all those interested in textile damage and the role of textiles in forensics, including academics, post-graduate students, and forensic scientists. Offers various perspectives on forensic textile science from an international team of contributors Provides wide-ranging coverage of textile damage analysis in the context of forensic investigations Includes chapters on fibers, yarns and fabrics, garment types and construction, and household textiles

Fibers Yarns And Textiles Guidebook

Fibers  Yarns  And Textiles Guidebook Book
Author : Corie Flennoy
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-03-26
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic textile science is a relatively young discipline; fiber identification is the most established component of this discipline. Textile products of interest to the forensic scientist include individual fibers, yarns, fabrics, apparel household textiles and furnishings and are hierarchical structures; In this Fibers, Yarns, And Textiles Introduction Book, the students' initial interest will be when they discover the natural fascination of fabrics, yarns, And textiles and their cultural associations, particularly when the factual study is supplemented by actual handling of the textile materials. The subject will seem worthwhile as they become familiar with illustrative specimens and fabrics and begin to handle and learn to compare the raw materials of which fabrics are made as well as the finished consumers' goods.

Identification of Textile Fibers

Identification of Textile Fibers Book
Author : M M Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-01-30
ISBN : 1845695658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The identification of fibers is important to the textile industry, forensic science, fashion designers and historians among others. Identifying fibers involves observing the physical and chemical properties of the fiber for which there are a wide diversity of instruments available. This book provides a comprehensive review of fiber structure, the diversity of instruments available to identify fibers and applicications for a range of industries. The first part of the book examines the main fibers, their structure and characteristics. Part two focuses on methods of fiber identification, ranging from microscopic to DNA analysis. Specific applications, including how textiles are identified in forensic investigations. Identification of textile fibers is an important text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibers to provide evidence in criminal cases. It will also be relevant for textile designers, technologists and inspectors wishing to assess fiber quality and understand fiber damage. Provides a comprehensive review of the main types of fibre together with their structure, characteristics and identification Assesses methods of fibre identification from optical microscopy to DNA analysis as well as instruments available to identify fibres

Fibers Yarns And Textiles Introduction Book

Fibers  Yarns  And Textiles Introduction Book Book
Author : Maragret Omahony
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-03-25
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic textile science is a relatively young discipline; fiber identification is the most established component of this discipline. Textile products of interest to the forensic scientist include individual fibers, yarns, fabrics, apparel household textiles and furnishings and are hierarchical structures; In this Fibers, Yarns, And Textiles Introduction Book, the students' initial interest will be when they discover the natural fascination of fabrics, yarns, And textiles and their cultural associations, particularly when the factual study is supplemented by actual handling of the textile materials. The subject will seem worthwhile as they become familiar with illustrative specimens and fabrics and begin to handle and learn to compare the raw materials of which fabrics are made as well as the finished consumers' goods.

Fibers Yarns And Textiles 101

Fibers  Yarns  And Textiles 101 Book
Author : Ollie Ladson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-03-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic textile science is a relatively young discipline; fiber identification is the most established component of this discipline. Textile products of interest to the forensic scientist include individual fibers, yarns, fabrics, apparel household textiles and furnishings and are hierarchical structures; In this Fibers, Yarns, And Textiles Introduction Book, the students' initial interest will be when they discover the natural fascination of fabrics, yarns, And textiles and their cultural associations, particularly when the factual study is supplemented by actual handling of the textile materials. The subject will seem worthwhile as they become familiar with illustrative specimens and fabrics and begin to handle and learn to compare the raw materials of which fabrics are made as well as the finished consumers' goods.

Forensic Examination of Fibres

Forensic Examination of Fibres Book
Author : James Robertson,Claude Roux,Kenneth G. Wiggins
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-01
ISBN : 1439830711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order for forensic fibre examiners to fully utilize fibre and textile evidence during their analysis, they require not only specialised forensic knowledge but also in-depth knowledge of fibres, yarns and fabrics themselves. Production, both the chemical and physical structure, and the properties of these materials is required in order to determine the value of fibre evidence. This includes knowing production figures, fashion changes, sudden arrivals of new materials, dye variability, and numerous other factors that may have a bearing on the information obtained. Fully updated with the latest advances, Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition continues in the tradition of the First (1992) and Second Editions (1999) as the premier text on the subject of forensic fibre analysis. The international team of contributing authors detail the recovery of the evidence—through the different stages of laboratory examination—to the evaluation of the meaning of findings. The coverage has been considerably expanded, and all material, has been revised and wholly updated. Topics covered include examining damaged textiles, infrared microspectroscopy and thin layer chomatography, and colour analyses. This edition also highlights the critical role of quality assurance in ensuring the reliability of the technical observations and results, and, in doing so, looks at the implications of supervisory managers and labs in the accurate and responsible analysis of such evidence. Features include: Outlining evidentiary process from collecting and preserving the evidence at the crime scene through the laboratory analysis of fibres Detailing the latest developments and emerging technologies including Kevlar and other such advances in fibre technology Coverage of a broad array of fibres both, natural (cellulose, protein, and mineral) and man-made fibres including synthetic, inorganic and regenerated Forensic Examination of Fibres, Third Edition is a much-needed update to the classic book, serving as an indispensable reference to crime scene technicians, laboratory forensic scientists and microscopists, students in police, forensic, and justice science programs.

Forensic Biomechanics

Forensic Biomechanics Book
Author : Jules Kieser,Michael Taylor,Debra Carr
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-11-28
ISBN : 1119990114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to living organisms, and it is one of the most exciting and fastest growing research areas. In forensic science, it is biomechanics that explains trauma to the body at a crime scene or the fracture of fibers and textiles, and helps interpret blood spatter. Forensic Biomechanics is a comprehensive overview of the role of biomechanics in forensics. Well-illustrated with real-life case studies, and using a multidisciplinary approach, this unique book is an invaluable reference for practicing forensic scientists, lawyers, and researchers.

Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles

Atlas of Fibre Fracture and Damage to Textiles Book
Author : J. W. S. Hearle,Brenda Lomas,William D. Cooke,W. D. Cooke
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 1998
ISBN : 1855733196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on over 25 years of research at the University of Manchester Institute of Science & Technology, this book contains more than 1,500 scanning electron micrographs and other pictures, offering a unique collection of documentary information. The explanatory text presents fiber and polymer scientists an explanation of fracture mechanisms and outlines way to maximize textile life span, enabling textile technologists and design engineers to manufacture improved textile products, and helping forensic scientists to identify cause of failure.

Forensic Examination of Fibres Second Edition

Forensic Examination of Fibres  Second Edition Book
Author : James Robertson,Claude Roux,Kenneth G. Wiggins
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-09-11
ISBN : 9780203484517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the definitive text for forensic scientists, police and lawyers who may be involved with the use of textile fibres to provide evidence in criminal cases. While covering the subject in detail from recovery of the evidence, through the different stages of laboratory examination, to evaulating the meaning of findings, it is written in such a way that it should be interesting and understandable to the beginner and to the layman, as well as to the expert.

Fundamentals of Forensic Science

Fundamentals of Forensic Science Book
Author : Max M. Houck,Jay A. Siegel
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 012800231X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Third Edition, provides current case studies that reflect the ways professional forensic scientists work, not how forensic academicians teach. The book includes the binding principles of forensic science, including the relationships between people, places, and things as demonstrated by transferred evidence, the context of those people, places, and things, and the meaningfulness of the physical evidence discovered, along with its value in the justice system. Written by two of the leading experts in forensic science today, the book approaches the field from a truly unique and exciting perspective, giving readers a new understanding and appreciation for crime scenes as recent pieces of history, each with evidence that tells a story. Straightforward organization that includes key terms, numerous feature boxes emphasizing online resources, historical events, and figures in forensic science Compelling, actual cases are included at the start of each chapter to illustrate the principles being covered Effective training, including end-of-chapter questions – paired with a clear writing style making this an invaluable resource for professors and students of forensic science Over 250 vivid, color illustrations that diagram key concepts and depict evidence encountered in the field

Forensic Science

Forensic Science Book
Author : Andrew R. W. Jackson,Julie M. Jackson
Publisher : Pearson Education
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780131998803
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text aims to provide a broad, scientifically rigorous introduction to forensic science. It covers processes from the crime scene to presentation of forensic science in court and focuses on the chemical, biological and physical methods used in forensic examination.

Materials Analysis in Forensic Science

Materials Analysis in Forensic Science Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-27
ISBN : 0128006730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward. This volume, Materials Analysis in Forensic Science will serve as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching materials analysis in forensic science. It will also prove an excellent reference for forensic practitioner’s libraries or use in their casework. Coverage includes methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials and professional issues the reader may encounter. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, the Advanced Forensic Science Series is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of materials analysis Contains information on a wide variety of trace evidence Covers methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, lab reports, health and safety, and field deployable devices Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Color Atlas and Manual of Microscopy for Criminalists Chemists and Conservators

Color Atlas and Manual of Microscopy for Criminalists  Chemists  and Conservators Book
Author : Nicholas Petraco,Thomas Kubic
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-09-29
ISBN : 0203494393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Professionals in many disciplines, from archeology to forensic science and anthropology, must be able to identify organic and inorganic fibers and particles. In a single source, this book presents a range of simple methods to help readers quickly characterize and identify a broad range of materials. Covering substances such as hair and fibers, mine

Forensic Chemistry

Forensic Chemistry Book
Author : Jay A. Siegel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-10-05
ISBN : 1118897749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications presents a new approach to the study of applications of chemistry to forensic science. It is edited by one of the leading forensic scientists with each chapter written by international experts specializing in their respective fields, and presents the applications of chemistry, especially analytical chemistry, to various topics that make up the forensic scientists toolkit. This comprehensive, textbook includes in-depth coverage of the major topics in forensic chemistry including: illicit drugs, fibers, fire and explosive residues, soils, glass and paints, the chemistry of fingerprint recovery on porous surfaces, the chemistry of firearms analysis, as well as two chapters on the key tools of forensic science, microscopy and chemometrics. Each topic is explored at an advanced college level, with an emphasis, throughout the text, on the use of chemical tools in evidence analysis. Forensic Chemistry: Fundamentals and Applications is essential reading for advanced students of forensic science and analytical chemistry, as well as forensic science practitioners, researchers and faculty, and anyone who wants to learn about the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry in some depth. This book is published as part of the AAFS series 'Forensic Science in Focus'.

Forensic Science

Forensic Science Book
Author : Evgeny Katz,Jan Halámek
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-08
ISBN : 3527693521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concentrating on the natural science aspects of forensics, top international authors from renowned universities, institutes, and laboratories impart the latest information from the field. In doing so they provide the background needed to understand the state of the art in forensic science with a focus on biological, chemical, biochemical, and physical methods. The broad subject coverage includes spectroscopic analysis techniques in various wavelength regimes, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, electrochemical detection approaches, and imaging techniques, as well as advanced biochemical, DNA-based identification methods. The result is a unique collection of hard-to-get data that is otherwise only found scattered throughout the literature.

Forensic Biomechanics

Forensic Biomechanics Book
Author : Jules Kieser,Michael Taylor,Debra Carr
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-09-20
ISBN : 111840422X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to living organisms, and it is one of the most exciting and fastest growing research areas. In forensic science, it is biomechanics that explains trauma to the body at a crime scene or the fracture of fibers and textiles, and helps interpret blood spatter. Forensic Biomechanics is a comprehensive overview of the role of biomechanics in forensics. Well-illustrated with real-life case studies, and using a multidisciplinary approach, this unique book is an invaluable reference for practicing forensic scientists, lawyers, and researchers.

Manikins for Textile Evaluation

Manikins for Textile Evaluation Book
Author : Rajkishore Nayak,Rajiv Padhye
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-15
ISBN : 008100950X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manikins for Textile Evaluation is a key resource for all those engaged in textile and apparel development and production, and for academics engaged in research into textile science and technology. Creating garments that work with the human form, both stationary and in motion, is a complex task that requires extensive testing and evaluation. Manikins allow for performance testing of textiles in a safe, controlled, and appropriate environment, and are a key element in developing new textile products. Everyday apparel needs to be assessed for comfort, sizing and fit, and ergonomics, while technical and protective garments require extensive safety and performance testing. Manikins therefore range from simple representations of the human body to complex designs that simulate body temperature, sweating, and motion. Manikins are safe for use in hazardous testing environments, such as fire and flame protection, where wearer trials would be impossible. This book provides extensive coverage of manikin-based evaluation of protective, heat and flame resistant, medical, and automotive textile applications. The role of manikins in the development of day-to-day garments is also discussed, including fit, comfort, and ergonomics. The book is a key resource for all those engaged in textile and apparel development and production, and for academics engaged in research into textile science and technology. Delivers theoretical and practical guidance on evaluation using manikins that is of benefit to anyone developing textile products Offers a range of perspectives on high-performance textiles from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research, and textile development and manufacture Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the topic from fabric construction, through product development, to the range of current and potential applications that exploit high-performance textile technology

Principles of Textile Finishing

Principles of Textile Finishing Book
Author : Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-04-29
ISBN : 0081006616
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Textile Finishing presents the latest information on textile finishing for industry professionals and researchers who are new to the field. As these processes are versatile and varied in their applications, the book provides information on how decisions on finishes and techniques may be made subjectively or based on experience. In addition, the book presents the desired final properties of textile materials and how they differ widely from product to product, helping finishers who face significant challenges in delivering fabrics that meet the requirements of end-users be successful. Written by an author who is an expert in the field, and who has with many years of experience in industry and academia, this book provides an accessible introduction to the principles, types, and applications of textile finishes. Provides an accessible introduction to the principles, types, and applications of textile finishes Assists industry professionals and researchers in selecting finishes that will result in fabric properties that meet the requirements of end-users Written by an author with years of experience in industry and academia and who is an expert in the field

Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials

Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials Book
Author : Ineta Vilumsone-Nemes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-03-09
ISBN : 0081021232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industrial Cutting of Textile Materials, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to cutting room operations, offering step-by-step information on processes, technologies and best practice. This new edition is updated to present the latest advances in automated cutting technology, including advanced spreading methods and machines, advanced knife cutting systems, and pattern matching methods processing garment, home and technical textiles. Drawing on her extensive practical experience, the author begins by reviewing initial steps, such as unloading, sorting and quality control of materials, before discussing subsequent operations, including lay planning and marker making, manual and automated spreading and cutting, fusing of cut components, and final work operations such as sorting cut components for further joining. The book also covers manual and advanced automated marker making, spreading and cutting methods for more intricate fabrics, such as striped fabrics and fabrics with check, motif and border patterns, narrow lace and fabrics with pile. With essential information on cutting room operations and best practice, this book provides engineers, technologists and managers with the knowledge they need to maximize accuracy and efficiency, to control production processes effectively, and to improve product quality. The book also enables academics and students engaged in the field of textile and clothing technology to gain a solid understanding of cutting room procedures. Provides production managers, technologists, and other manufacturing specialists of textile goods the knowledge they need in order to increase raw material utilization and with it reduce productions costs, maximise cutting process efficiency, control production processes effectively, and improve ready product quality. Describes spreading and cutting of garment, home and technical textiles Includes guidance on best practice dealing with intricate fabrics Enables readers to benefit from the latest advances in automated textile cutting technologies

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates Book
Author : William C Smith
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 0081024290
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Textile Coatings and Laminates, Second Edition, reviews a variety of topics regarding textile coatings and laminates to provide a stimulus for developing new and improved textile products. It addresses coating and laminating processes and techniques and base fabrics and their interaction in coated fabrics. Other sections discuss the different types of smart and intelligent coatings and laminates, including microencapsulation technology, conductive coatings, breathable coatings, phase change materials and their applications in textiles. Many new chapters have been added in this updated edition, including the medical applications of smart coatings, responsive coatings, and the integration of electronics into textiles. With its highly distinguished editor and array of international contributors, this book is a valuable reference for chemists, textile technologists, fiber scientists, textile engineers, and more. Presents the state-of-the-art in smart coatings for fibers, fabrics and polymers, providing fundamental knowledge and stimulus for further research and development Includes a new range of application areas, including responsive coatings, smart coatings for medical applications, and the integration of electronics into textiles through coating technology Provides practical guidance for coating and laminating processes and techniques, with a particular focus on the impact of nanotechnology on intelligent coatings