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Forensic Testimony

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Forensic Testimony

Forensic Testimony Book
Author : C. Michael Bowers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-01
ISBN : 9780123970053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the responsibilities of witnesses going into courts to speak on their forensic technical expertise and analyses. It discusses subjects such as forensic fraud, forensic negligence, and incompetence as well as the failures of individual experts and some less than scientifically validated forensics compared to proper conduct, attitude and presentation of actual scientific data versus personal opinion.

A Guide to Forensic Testimony

A Guide to Forensic Testimony Book
Author : Fred Chris Smith,Rebecca Gurley Bace
Publisher : Addison-Wesley Professional
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780201752793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A technical expert and a lawyer provide practical approaches for IT professionals who need to get up to speed on the role of an expert witness and how testimony works. Includes actual transcripts and case studies.

Forensic Reports and Testimony

Forensic Reports and Testimony Book
Author : Randy K. Otto,Richart DeMier,Marcus T. Boccaccini,Marcus Boccaccini
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-09-09
ISBN : 1118136721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Reports & Testimony: A Guide to EffectiveCommunication for Psychologists and Psychiatrists provides aroadmap for the mental health professional who wants to provideconsistently accurate, defensible, and useful reports and testimonyto the legal system. Authors Randy K. Otto, Richart L. DeMier, andMarcus Boccaccini, recognized experts in the field, cover allaspects of the process, including preparing affidavits and reports,preparing for depositions, and testifying. Every written or spoken communication for the courts must beclear and precise, and distinguish between facts, inferences, andopinions. This book uniquely: •Shows the critical differences between forensicpsychological reports and the clinical reports psychologists andpsychiatrists are accustomed to writing •Includes and explains important maxims of forensic reportwriting, including separating facts from inferences, focusing onoffering expert opinions, explaining why you think what you think,and connecting the dots between facts and conclusions •Provides numerous examples of experts’ testimony,affidavits, reports-with commentary and critiques Expert forensic work deserves to be presented in a clear,precise, and understandable way so that it is useful to attorneys,judges, and juries. Forensic Reports & Testimonyprovides the guidelines and models forensic psychologists andforensic psychiatrists need to make that happen.

Forensic Evidence in Court

Forensic Evidence in Court Book
Author : Craig D. Adam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 1119054419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interpretation and evaluation of scientific evidence and its presentation in a court of law is central both to the role of the forensic scientist as an expert witness and to the interests of justice. This book aims to provide a thorough and detailed discussion of the principles and practice of evidence interpretation and evaluation by using real cases by way of illustration. The presentation is appropriate for students of forensic science or related disciplines at advanced undergraduate and master's level or for practitioners engaged in continuing professional development activity. The book is structured in three sections. The first sets the scene by describing and debating the issues around the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence presented to the court. In the second section, the principles underpinning interpretation and evaluation are explained, including discussion of those formal statistical methods founded on Bayesian inference. The following chapters present perspectives on the evaluation and presentation of evidence in the context of a single type or class of scientific evidence, from DNA to the analysis of documents. For each, the science underpinning the analysis and interpretation of the forensic materials is explained, followed by the presentation of cases which illustrate the variety of approaches that have been taken in providing expert scientific opinion.

Forensic Testimony

Forensic Testimony Book
Author : C. Michael Bowers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-09-07
ISBN : 0123972604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Testimony: Science, Law and Expert Evidence—favored with an Honorable Mention in Law & Legal Studies at the Association of American Publishers' 2015 PROSE Awards—provides a clear and intuitive discussion of the legal presentation of expert testimony. The book delves into the effects, processes, and battles that occur in the presentation of opinion and scientific evidence by court-accepted forensic experts. It provides a timely review of the United States Federal Rules of Evidence (FRE) regarding expert testimony, and includes a multi-disciplinary look at the strengths and weaknesses in forensic science courtroom testimony. The statutes and the effects of judicial uses (or non-use) of the FRE, Daubert, Kumho, and the 2009 NAS Report on Forensic Science are also included. The presentation expands to study case law, legal opinions, and studies on the reliability and pitfalls of forensic expertise in the US court system. This book is an essential reference for anyone preparing to give expert testimony of forensic evidence. Honorable Mention in the 2015 PROSE Awards in Law & Legal Studies from the Association of American Publishers A multi-disciplinary forensic reference examining the strengths and weaknesses of forensic science in courtroom testimony Focuses on forensic testimony and judicial decisions in light of the Federal Rules of Evidence, case interpretations, and the NAS report findings Case studies, some from the Innocence Project, assist the reader in distinguishing good testimony from bad

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony Book
Author : Paul Roberts,Michael Stockdale
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 1788111036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science evidence plays a pivotal role in modern criminal proceedings. Yet such evidence poses intense practical and theoretical challenges. It can be unreliable or misleading and has been associated with miscarriages of justice. In this original and insightful book, a global team of prominent scholars and practitioners explore the contemporary challenges of forensic science evidence and expert witness testimony from a variety of theoretical, practical and jurisdictional perspectives. Chapters encompass the institutional organisation of forensic science, its procedural regulation, evaluation and reform, and brim with comparative insight.

Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Forensic Evidence

Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Forensic Evidence Book
Author : John J. Barbara
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-12-28
ISBN : 1597455776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents an overview of computer forensics perfect for beginners. A distinguished group of specialist authors have crafted chapters rich with detail yet accessible for readers who are not experts in the field. Tying together topics as diverse as applicable laws on search and seizure, investigating cybercrime, and preparation for courtroom testimony, Handbook of Digital and Multimedia Evidence is an ideal overall reference for this multi-faceted discipline.

Forensic Evidence

Forensic Evidence Book
Author : Terrence F. Kiely
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-11-29
ISBN : 1420038060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the greatest challenges encountered by those in the forensic sciences is anticipating what the state and federal courts will – or will not – allow as valid physical evidence. With this in mind, the author of Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law, Second Edition analyzes and explains the judicial system’s response to the applicability of forensic science in the investigation, prosecution, and defense of criminal activity. Each chapter of this comprehensive yet accessible resource provides an overview and analysis of the scientific and legal aspects of a particular forensic discipline. An important new feature of this second edition is that each chapter focuses on discussions of recent forensics literature reviews from Interpol’s 14th Annual Forensic Science Symposium. This latest edition also updates previously discussed cases and presents the most recent applications of the Frye and Daubert standards, the admissibility of eyewitness identification, the upsurge of cases and statutes that involve post-conviction DNA, and the increased interest in re-examining cold cases. As challenges to forensic evidence become increasingly rigorous, so does the need for intense preparation. Forensic Evidence: Science and the Criminal Law, Second Edition is the book that those in the forensic sciences need to have on hand to successfully prepare for what may await them in the courtroom.

Criminal and Forensic Evidence

Criminal and Forensic Evidence Book
Author : Robert J. Goodwin,Jimmy Gurule
Publisher : LexisNexis
Release : 2014-01-03
ISBN : 0769894399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique casebook adopts a modern, comprehensive approach to the study of evidence issues that arise in the context of criminal trial litigation. It covers evidentiary issues associated with the admission of forensic evidence, including expert testimony, as well as traditional evidence issues, such as evidence of prior bad acts offered for purposes other than to prove propensity, and evidence of a rape victim's prior sexual behavior. The materials are presented in two parts that allow for a Criminal Evidence course focused solely on forensic science, solely on traditional criminal evidentiary issues, or a combination of both topics. The Third Edition provides students the most current and comprehensive examination of the Supreme Court's Sixth Amendment Confrontation Clause jurisprudence emanating from its recent decisions in Crawford v. Washington, Davis v. Washington, Giles v. California, and Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts. The new edition includes an extensive analysis of how federal and state courts post-Crawford have applied the Supreme Court's "testimonial" evidence and "primary purpose" tests for determining whether the admission of hearsay statements violates the Sixth Amendment right of confrontation. Forensic science issues are also updated and include materials on the scientific reliability and admissibility of traditional forensic techniques generated by the release of the 2009 National Academy of Science's report on Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Forensic science issues include: • How courts have applied the Daubert test in criminal cases to determine the admissibility of both scientific and non-scientific forensic techniques; • debate over the reliability and admissibility of traditional forensic techniques such as fingerprint evidence; • issues related to the admissibility of DNA evidence; and • The admissibility of syndrome and profile evidence, including rape trauma, child abuse and battered woman syndromes. This eBook features links to Lexis Advance for further legal research options.

Use of Forensic Evidence by the Police and Courts

Use of Forensic Evidence by the Police and Courts Book
Author : Joseph L. Peterson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Use of Forensic Evidence by the Police and Courts book written by Joseph L. Peterson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forensic Evidence in Court

Forensic Evidence in Court Book
Author : Craig Adam
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-12
ISBN : 1119054435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The interpretation and evaluation of scientific evidence and its presentation in a court of law is central both to the role of the forensic scientist as an expert witness and to the interests of justice. This book aims to provide a thorough and detailed discussion of the principles and practice of evidence interpretation and evaluation by using real cases by way of illustration. The presentation is appropriate for students of forensic science or related disciplines at advanced undergraduate and master's level or for practitioners engaged in continuing professional development activity. The book is structured in three sections. The first sets the scene by describing and debating the issues around the admissibility and reliability of scientific evidence presented to the court. In the second section, the principles underpinning interpretation and evaluation are explained, including discussion of those formal statistical methods founded on Bayesian inference. The following chapters present perspectives on the evaluation and presentation of evidence in the context of a single type or class of scientific evidence, from DNA to the analysis of documents. For each, the science underpinning the analysis and interpretation of the forensic materials is explained, followed by the presentation of cases which illustrate the variety of approaches that have been taken in providing expert scientific opinion.

The Social Life of Forensic Evidence

The Social Life of Forensic Evidence Book
Author : Corinna Kruse
Publisher : University of California Press
Release : 2015-12-29
ISBN : 0520288394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In The Social Life of Forensic Evidence, Corinna Kruse provides a major contribution to understanding forensic evidence and its role in the criminal justice system. Arguing that forensic evidence can be understood as a form of knowledge, she reveals that each piece of evidence has a social life and biography. Kruse shows how the crime scene examination is as crucial to the creation of forensic evidence as laboratory analyses, the plaintiff, witness, and suspect statements elicited by police investigators, and the interpretations that prosecutors and defense lawyers bring to the evidence. Drawing on ethnographic data from Sweden and on theory from both anthropology and science and technology studies, she examines how forensic evidence is produced and how it creates social relationships as cases move from crime scene to courtroom. She demonstrates that forensic evidence is neither a fixed entity nor solely material, but is inseparably part of and made through particular legal, social, and technological practices.

Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences Book
Author : Jason H. Byrd,Patricia Norris,Nancy Bradley-Siemens
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-19
ISBN : 1351348590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While there are several recent books on this emerging field, Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences sets the bar, covering all relevant aspects in a succinct, easy-to-read, comprehensive format designed to be taught in a single-semester course. Intended to be the premier textbook on veterinary forensic sciences, the book covers the application of veterinary forensic medicine to cases, including the medical perspective as well as law enforcement response, crime scene management, and evidence recovery issues. Coverage includes the scientific and legal principles for veterinary forensic evidence. This clearly delineates it from veterinary-only practices, since the forensic aspects present additional challenges that include evidence recovery and preservation, report writing, and maintaining an evidentiary chain of custody, all the way through expert witness testimony. Some emerging topics that are covered include DNA and genetic evidence, entomological evidence in support of veterinary forensics, animal fighting, situational deaths, including poisonings, domestic violence, and cruelty, sharp and blunt force trauma, gunshot and wound ballistics, sexual assault, nonhuman odontology and osteology, and more. Features Details a process for forensic science case management for humane law enforcement agencies Presents multiple chapters on specific types of trauma analysis in animals Provides developments on current trends in forensic entomology as applied to wildlife crime and minimum postmortem interval determinations Explores national and international considerations in combating organized animal fighting Offers DNA applications for wildlife crime and environmental monitoring Outlines current animal and environmental forensic toxicology legal casework This text offers a straightforward presentation of current practices and includes several real-world case examples throughout to illustrate concepts. Fully illustrated with more than 280 full-color images, Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences provides the latest in advances and up-to-date field techniques, applicable for student instruction in the classroom and beyond.

Principles of Forensic Audio Analysis

Principles of Forensic Audio Analysis Book
Author : Robert C. Maher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-05
ISBN : 3319994530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an expert introduction to audio forensics, an essential specialty in modern forensic science, equipping readers with the fundamental background necessary to understand and participate in this exciting and important field of study. Modern audio forensic analysis combines skills in digital signal processing, the physics of sound propagation, acoustical phonetics, audio engineering, and many other fields. Scientists and engineers who work in the field of audio forensics are called upon to address issues of authenticity, quality enhancement, and signal interpretation for audio evidence that is important to a criminal law enforcement investigation, an accident investigation board, or an official civil inquiry. Expertise in audio forensics has never been more important. In addition to routine recordings from emergency call centers and police radio dispatchers, inexpensive portable audio/video recording systems are now in widespread use. Forensic evidence from the scene of a civil or criminal incident increasingly involves dashboard recorders in police cars, vest-pocket personal recorders worn by law enforcement officers, smart phone recordings from bystanders, and security surveillance systems in public areas and businesses. Utilizing new research findings and both historical and contemporary casework examples, this book blends audio forensic theory and practice in an informative and readable manner suitable for any scientifically-literate reader. Extensive examples, supplementary material, and authoritative references are also included for those who are interested in delving deeper into the field.

Forensic Memory

Forensic Memory Book
Author : Johanne Helbo Bøndergaard
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-14
ISBN : 331951766X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes and analyses a particular literary mode that challenges the aesthetics of testimony by approaching the past through detection, analysis, and ‘archaeological’ digging. How does forensic literature narrate the past in terms of plot, language, narration, and use of visual media? This volume examines how forensic literature provides an important corrective to the forensic paradigm and a means of exploring the relationship between visual and material evidence and various forms of testimony. This literary engagement with the past is investigated in order to challenge a forensic paradigm that aims to eliminate the problems related to human testimony through scientific objectivity, resulting in a fresh and original text in which Bøndergaard argues literature’s potential to explore the mechanisms of representation, interpretation, and narration.

Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners

Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners Book
Author : Hillary Moses Daluz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 100042233X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fingerprint examiners today are expected to develop, research and defend the scientific basis of their conclusions. Recent emphasis placed on scientific rigor and transparency through documentation has created a culture shift in the field. Many examiners are baffled by the resulting cultural, procedural and scientific distinctions, often becoming overwhelmed when required to testify as an expert witness to explain such concepts in the courtroom. Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners addresses all aspects of courtroom testimony as the first book to focus solely on testifying on fingerprint evidence as a comparative science. The book is presented in two parts. Section I addresses general expert witnessing for forensic scientists. This serves as a primer for the novice or a review for experienced witnesses covering such topics as the structure of the criminal justice system and federal rules of evidence, the role of the expert witness, testimony as teaching, presenting challenging scientific concepts to the layperson, court preparation, the three phases of expert witness testimony and landmark court decisions that have shaped the modern landscape of forensic testimony. Section II focuses on specific issues affecting fingerprint examiners and how to field questions during both direct and cross-examination. While such "hot button" topics are absent from currently available texts, this section pays particular attention to these salient, emerging topics. This includes evidentiary challenges to fingerprint evidence, relevant publications such as the PCAST report, nomenclature and standards development, issues surrounding cognitive bias and subjectivity, probability models, error rates and cases of error and how to address issues of minimum point standards in both the empirical and holistic traditions. Both Section I and Section II provide examples and present innovations applicable to latent and tenprint examiners. Features include: Presents a history of fingerprint evidence and current best practices and limits on characterizing fingerprint evidence in court, including appropriate nomenclature Provides current guidelines and recommendations for standards and the courtroom Illustrates how experts can work with attorneys so that the testimony process educates and informs jurors and judges rather than perpetuating an adversarial dynamic Addresses important issues such as cognitive bias, subjectivity, error rates, probability models and ethics As a forensic training instructor for professionals – and previously as a college professor – author Hillary Moses Daluz has spent the past ten years teaching courtroom testimony courses to forensic scientists. Courtroom Testimony for Fingerprint Examiners offers an invaluable resource to forensic scientists, latent print examiners, tenprint examiners, lab personnel in related comparative fields, attorneys, investigative professionals and students enrolled in forensic science university programs.

Crime Scene Asia When forensic evidence becomes the silent witness

Crime Scene Asia  When forensic evidence becomes the silent witness Book
Author : Liz Porter
Publisher : Marshall Cavendish International Asia Pte Ltd
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 9814794546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crime Scene Asia: when forensic evidence becomes the silent witness is a casebook of fascinating true stories from Singapore, Malaysia, HK, The Philippines and Indonesia. Its opening case begins when the body of a woman is found in a Singapore nature park. Nobody has reported her missing. Nobody knows who she is. The only clue to her identity is a set of tiny numbers etched into a series of implants in her teeth. Police door-knock the dentists of Singapore until they find the one who treated her. Then, following a trail of numbers called from her phone, they unmask her killer. In another case, set 300 kms away, in Kuala Lumpur, a married man is arrested for the murder of his mistress. Police are adamant that he is her killer. But the man’s lawyer can point to forensic evidence that tells a different story altogether. Meanwhile one of the book’s Hong Kong cases tells the story of a humble truck driver facing jail for his apparent involvement in a bombing plot allegedly masterminded by two of the former British colony’s most notorious gangsters. Then the evidence of a forensic scientist sets him free.

Practical Approaches to Forensic Mental Health Testimony

Practical Approaches to Forensic Mental Health Testimony Book
Author : Thomas G. Gutheil,Frank D. Dattilio,Frank M. Dattilio
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780781772136
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prepared by two of the fields leading scholars and practitioners, this original work cuts through dense forensic mental health theory and addresses the concrete approaches to ethical and effective testimony that experts need in court. Rich in examples of courtroom dialogue, this text shows how to avoid the common pitfalls and various traps that experts so frequently encounter.

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence Book
Author : Jane Moira Taupin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 1351023772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence is a handy guide to recent advances—and emerging issues—in interpreting complex DNA evidence and profiles for use in criminal investigations. In certain cases, DNA cannot be connected to a specific biological material such as blood, semen or saliva. How or when the DNA was deposited may be an issue. The possibility of generating DNA profiles from touched objects, where there may not be a visible deposit, has expanded the scope and number of exhibits submitted for DNA analysis. With such advances, and increasing improvements in technological capabilities in testing samples, this means it is possible to detect ever smaller amounts of DNA. There are also many efforts underway to seek was to interpret DNA profiles that are sub-optimal—either relative to the amount required by the testing kit and, potentially, the quality of the obtained sample. Laboratories often use enhancements in order to obtain a readable DNA profile. The broad-reaching implications of improving DNA sensitivity have led to this next, emerging generation of more complex profiles. Examples partial profiles that do not faithfully reflect the proposed donor, or mixtures of partial DNA from multiple people. A complexity threshold has been proposed to limit interpretation of poor-quality data. Research is now addressing the interpretation of transfer of trace amounts of DNA. Complex issues are arising in trial that need to be reconciled as such complexity has added challenges to the interpretation of evidence and its introduction or dismissal in certain cases in the courts. Key Features: Addresses DNA transfer, from person-to-person as well as to objects Outlines each stage required to produce a DNA profile from an exhibit—including collection, handling, storage, and analysis Discusses ethics, subjectivity, and bias—including cognitive dissonance—as they relate specifically to complex DNA evidence Highlights current techniques and the latest advances in DNA analysis, including advances in familial DNA searches Interpreting Complex Forensic DNA Evidence provides tools to assist the criminal investigator, forensic expert, and legal professional when posed with a DNA result in a forensic report or testimony. The result—and any associated statistic—may not reveal any ambiguity, complexity, or the assumptions involved in deriving it. Questions from resolved criminal cases are posed, and the relevant forensic literature, provided for the reader to assess a DNA result and any associated statistic. Case studies throughout illustrate concepts and emphasize the need for conclusions in the forensic report that are supported by the data.

The Social Life of Forensic Evidence

The Social Life of Forensic Evidence Book
Author : Corinna Kruse
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2015-12-29
ISBN : 0520963334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In The Social Life of Forensic Evidence, Corinna Kruse provides a major contribution to understanding forensic evidence and its role in the criminal justice system. Arguing that forensic evidence can be understood as a form of knowledge, she reveals that each piece of evidence has a social life and biography. Kruse shows how the crime scene examination is as crucial to the creation of forensic evidence as laboratory analyses, the plaintiff, witness, and suspect statements elicited by police investigators, and the interpretations that prosecutors and defense lawyers bring to the evidence. Drawing on ethnographic data from Sweden and on theory from both anthropology and science and technology studies, she examines how forensic evidence is produced and how it creates social relationships as cases move from crime scene to courtroom. She demonstrates that forensic evidence is neither a fixed entity nor solely material, but is inseparably part of and made through particular legal, social, and technological practices.