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Forensic Genetic Approaches For The Identification Of Human Skeletal Remains

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Forensic Genetic Approaches for Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Forensic Genetic Approaches for Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book
Author : Angie Ambers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 9780128157664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Genetic Approaches for Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Challenges, Best Practices, and Emerging Technologies provides best practices on processing bone samples for DNA testing. The book outlines forensic genetics tools that are available for the identification of skeletal remains in contemporary casework and historical/archaeological investigations. Although the book focuses primarily on the use of DNA for direct identification or kinship analyses, it also highlights complementary disciplines often used in concert with genetic data to make positive identifications, such as forensic anthropology, forensic odontology, and forensic art/sculpting. Unidentified human remains are often associated with tragic events, such as fires, terrorist attacks, natural disasters, war conflicts, genocide, airline crashes, homicide, and human rights violations under oppressive totalitarian regimes. In these situations, extensive damage to soft tissues often precludes the use of such biological samples in the identification process. In contrast, bone material is the most resilient, viable sample type for DNA testing. DNA recovered from bone often is degraded and in low quantities due to the effects of human decomposition, environmental exposure, and the passage of time. The complexities of bone microstructure and its rigid nature make skeletal remains one of the most challenging sample types for DNA testing. Provides best practices on processing bone samples for DNA testing Presents detailed coverage of proper facilities design for skeletal remains processing, selection of optimal skeletal elements for DNA recovery, specialized equipment needed, preparation and cleaning of bone samples for DNA extraction, and more Highlights complementary disciplines often used in concert with genetic data to make positive identifications, such as forensic anthropology, forensic odontology, and forensic art/sculpting

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book
Author : Gregory E. Berg,Sabrina C Ta'ala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1439815755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Beyond Black and White presents a range of tools that can be used to identify the probable socio-cultural "race" category of unknown human remains. Gathering insight from those who have made recent improvements and scientific advances in the field, the book begins with the historical foundations of the concept of biological affinity and the need for increased research into methods for determining ancestry of skeletal remains. The contributors cover a range of topics, including: Ancestry estimation from the skull using morphoscopic and morphometric traits and variables Innovative methods from metric analyses of the postcrania, and new approaches to dental non-metric variation The biological diversity of Hispanic populations and use of discriminant function analysis and 3D-ID software to determine ancestry Methods of age progression and facial reconstructions to create two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) facial composites for missing people The preparation of skeletal remains for DNA extraction and sampling, and mtDNA methods that are available for identification of haplogroups (e.g., ancestral populations) No single method or technique is adequate in the assessment of ancestry. For accurate determinations, the use of traditional and new techniques combined yields better results. This book demonstrates the large repertoire of tools available to those tasked with these challenging determinations.

Commingled Human Remains

Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : Bradley Adams,John Byrd
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-06-04
ISBN : 012405918X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Commingled human remains are encountered in situations ranging from prehistoric ossuaries to recent mass fatality incidents. Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification brings together tools from diverse sources within the forensic science community to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to resolving issues associated with commingled remains. This edition focuses on forensic situations, although some examples from prehistoric contexts are also addressed. Commingling of bones and other body parts is a major obstacle to individual identification that must be addressed before other forensic determinations or research can proceed. Regardless of the cause for the commingling (transportation disaster, terrorist attack, natural disaster, genocide, etc.) it is critical that the proper experts are involved and that the proper techniques are employed to achieve the greatest success in making identifications. Resolution of commingling nearly always requires consideration of multiple lines of evidence that cross the disciplinary lines of modern forensic science. The use of archaeology, DNA, and forensic anthropology are several areas that are critical in this process and these are core topics presented in this book. Even a relatively “simple mass fatality event can become very complicated once body fragmentation and commingling occur. Expectations associated with all phases of the process from recovery of remains to their final identification and release to next of kin must be managed appropriately. A powerful resource for those working in the forensic sciences who need to plan for and/or address the complex challenges associated with commingled and fragmentary human remains. Written by an international group of the foremost forensic scientists presenting their research and candid experiences of dealing with commingled human remains, offering recommendations and providing "lessons learned" which can be invaluable to others who find themselves facing similar challenges Contains chapters on remains recovery, laboratory analysis, case studies, and broader topics such as mass fatality management and ethical considerations.

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

Recovery  Analysis  and Identification of Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : Bradley J. Adams,John E. Byrd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-02-23
ISBN : 9781597453165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton Book
Author : M. Anne Katzenberg,Shelley R. Saunders
Publisher : Wiley-Liss
Release : 2008-04-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advance praise for the Second Edition: "The substantial widening of the coverage and the inclusion ofissues that have received increased or revitalized researchinterest since publication of the First Edition will provideunrivalled comprehensiveness." —Holger Schutkowski, PhD, University of Bradford,UK "I enthusiastically recommend the publication of this SecondEdition. It is already an excellent volume and [will] no doubtfind its way into many upper-division courses." —Patricia Lambert, PhD, Utah State University The First Edition of Biological Anthropology of the HumanSkeleton is the market-leading reference and textbook on thescientific analysis of human skeletal remains recovered fromarchaeological sites. Now, featuring scores of new or thoroughlyrevised content, this Second Edition provides the mostcomprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the topic available. Like the previous edition, this Second Edition isorganized into five parts with contributing chapters written byexperts in the field of human skeletal biology: Part One coverstheory and application; Part Two discusses morphological analysesof bone, teeth, and age changes; Part Three reviews prehistorichealth and disease; Part Four examines chemical and geneticanalysis of hard tissues; and Part Five closes with coverage ofquantitative methods and population studies. Each chapter includesa review of recent studies, descriptions of analytical techniquesand underlying assumptions, theory, methodological advances, andspeculation about future research. New or thoroughly revised content includes: Techniques in the analysis of human skeletal and dentalremains Extensive coverage of new technologies, including modernmorphometric techniques Advances in the field of forensic anthropology Enhanced discussion of ethical terms regarding the study ofaboriginal peoples' remains where those people are no longer thedominant culture Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton, SecondEdition serves as an indispensable research guide to biologicalanthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, andarchaeologists. Now with a stronger focus on teaching complexmaterial to students, this revised edition provides enhanced casestudies and discussions for future directions, making it aninvaluable textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduatestudents in biological anthropology and forensic anthropologyprograms.

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains

Biological Affinity in Forensic Identification of Human Skeletal Remains Book
Author : Gregory E. Berg,Sabrina C Ta'ala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1439815771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ancestry determination in the identification of unknown remains can be a challenge for forensic scientists and anthropologists, especially when the remains available for testing are limited. There are various techniques for the assessment of ancestry, ranging from traditional to new microbiological and computer-assisted methods. Biological Affinity

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-19
ISBN : 0128157356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic anthropology has seen a recent expansion in depth and scope as well as increased attention from the media and the legal system. This constantly evolving science requires a comprehensive introductory text that approaches forensic anthropology as a modern discipline, with attention to theory as well as recent advances in research, technology, and challenges in the field. Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice, 2nd edition approaches forensic anthropology using current practices and case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis. It presents principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice, 2nd edition comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Focuses on current methods, advances in research and technology, and recent challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topic-oriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Forensic Approaches to Death Disaster and Abuse

Forensic Approaches to Death  Disaster and Abuse Book
Author : Marc Oxenham
Publisher : Australian Academic Press
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 1875378901
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last 100 years infant mortality rates have improved dramatically, yet even in a developed country such as Australia the physical health of infants varies greatly, despite advances in science and technology. It has now become clear that emotional and physical development is affected by many different variables. Not only must physical development and health support be adequate, but the presence of factors such as good-enough parenting, and the absence of others such as substance abuse and domestic violence, are now becoming better understood. So how best to work with families where infants are at risk? This is the substance of this book: to understand how to achieve improved outcomes for infants growing up in situations of risk, mainly in the area of the parents' mental health, but also in other related psychosocial circumstances that may impair parental functioning. These include migration, substance abuse, and infant hospitalisation. Throughout this book, the authors examine the effects of adverse life circumstances on infant and family and, in most cases, also describe assessments and interventions. Several chapters have been written by people personally affected by mental illness, or mental illness of a family member. This provides in-depth and often poignant understanding of the perspective of those living with the effects of such illnesses, and helps to expand our knowledge and skills to work with at-risk families.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-12-30
ISBN : 0124172903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

Handbook of Missing Persons

Handbook of Missing Persons Book
Author : Stephen J. Morewitz,Caroline Sturdy Colls
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 3319401998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This ambitious multidisciplinary volume surveys the science, forensics, politics, and ethics involved in responding to missing persons cases. International experts across the physical and social sciences offer data, case examples, and insights on best practices, new methods, and emerging specialties that may be employed in investigations. Topics such as secondary victimization, privacy issues, DNA identification, and the challenges of finding victims of war and genocide highlight the uncertainties and complexities surrounding these cases as well as possibilities for location and recovery. This diverse presentation will assist professionals in accessing new ideas, collaborating with colleagues, and handling missing persons cases with greater efficiency—and potentially greater certainty. Among the Handbook’s topics: ·A profile of missing persons: some key findings for police officers. ·Missing persons investigations and identification: issues of scale, infrastructure, and political will. ·Pregnancy and parenting among runaway and homeless young women. ·Estimating the appearance of the missing: forensic age progression in the search for missing persons. ·The use of trace evidence in missing persons investigations. ·The Investigation of historic missing persons cases: genocide and “conflict time” human rights abuses. The depth and scope of its expertise make the Handbook of Missing Persons useful for criminal justice and forensic professionals, health care and mental health professionals, social scientists, legal professionals, policy leaders, community leaders, and military personnel, as well as for the general public.

Molecular Genetic Approaches in Conservation

Molecular Genetic Approaches in Conservation Book
Author : Thomas B. Smith,Robert K. Wayne
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1996-10-24
ISBN : 9780195344660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular techniques are proving invaluable in determining the phylogenetic status of potentially endangered species, for investigating mechanisms of speciation, and for measuring the genetic structure of populations. It is increasingly important for ecologists and evolutionary and conservation biologists to understand and use such molecular techniques, but most workers in these areas have not been trained in molecular biology. This book lays out the principles and basic techniques for the molecular tools appropriate for addressing issues in conservation, and it presents case studies showing how these tools have been used successfully in conservation biology. Examples include the genetic analysis of population structure, various uses of DNA in conservation genetics, and estimation of migration parameters from genetic data. Wildlife managers, as well as researchers in these areas, will find this a valuable book.

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification Book
Author : Krista E. Latham,Eric J. Bartelink,Michael Finnegan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-27
ISBN : 0128125381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification provides a comprehensive and up-to-date perspective on human identification methods in forensic anthropology. Divided into four distinct sections, the chapters will reflect recent advances in human skeletal identification, including statistical and morphometric methods for assessing the biological profile (sex, age, ancestry, stature), biochemical methods of identification (DNA analysis, stable isotope analysis, bomb curve analysis), and use of comparative radiography. The final section of this book highlights advances in human identification techniques that are being applied to international populations and disaster victims. The contributing authors represent established experts in forensic anthropology and closely related fields. New Perspectives in Forensic Human Skeletal Identification will be an essential resource for researchers, practitioners, and advanced students interested in state-of-the-art methods for human identification. A comprehensive and up-to-date volume on human identification methods in forensic anthropology Focuses on recent advances such as statistical and morphometric methods for assessing the biological profile, biochemical methods of identification and use of comparative radiography Includes an entire section on human identification techniques being applied to international populations and disaster victims

Molecular Pathology in Clinical Practice

Molecular Pathology in Clinical Practice Book
Author : Debra G.B. Leonard
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-02-02
ISBN : 331919674X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This authoritative textbook offers in-depth coverage of all aspects of molecular pathology practice and embodies the current standard in molecular testing. Since the successful first edition, new sections have been added on pharmacogenetics and genomics, while other sections have been revised and updated to reflect the rapid advances in the field. The result is a superb reference that encompasses molecular biology basics, genetics, inherited cancers, solid tumors, neoplastic hematopathology, infectious diseases, identity testing, HLA typing, laboratory management, genomics and proteomics. Throughout the text, emphasis is placed on the molecular variations being detected, the clinical usefulness of the tests and important clinical and laboratory issues. The second edition of Molecular Pathology in Clinical Practice will be an invaluable source of information for all practicing molecular pathologists and will also be of utility for other pathologists, clinical colleagues and trainees.

Remodeling Forensic Skeletal Age

Remodeling Forensic Skeletal Age Book
Author : Bridget F.B. Algee‐Hewitt,Jieun Kim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-30
ISBN : 0128243910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Remodeling Forensic Skeletal Age: Modern Applications and New Research Directions presents a comprehensive understanding of the analytical frameworks and conceptual approaches surrounding forensic age estimation and the current state of the field. The book also includes a series of recommendations of best practice through chapter-examples that offer theory and guidance for data acquisition, technique and/or model development, and the assessment of impact of the adopted approaches. Written by leading, international experts, the book's contributors provide an introduction, conceptual understanding and taxonomy of statistical frameworks and computational approaches, including the Bayesian paradigm and machine learning techniques for age estimation. Discusses core concepts in age estimation, along with key terminologies Presents tactics on how readers can generate sound models that can be translated into forensic reports and expert testimony Provides a step-wise approach and best practice recommendations for data acquisition, considerations in sampling, exploratory data analysis, visualization, and sources of error for appropriate and reproducible research design Includes examples, theory and guidance on how to develop models for age estimation and reviews the impact of population-specific and universal approaches

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology Book
Author : Sue Black,Eilidh Ferguson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-02-07
ISBN : 9781439845899
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in our ability to analyse information from skeletal remains and subsequent developments in the field of forensic anthropology make it possible to identify more victims of homicides, mass-fatality disasters, and genocide. Summarizing the vast collection of international literature that has developed over the past decade, Forensic Anthropolo

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

American Journal of Physical Anthropology Book
Author : Aleš Hrdlička
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vols. for 1930- include the Proceedings of the annual meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (sometimes issued as separately paged supplements); later issued separately as: Program of the ... Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 1991- (alternates supplement numbering with: Yearbook of physical anthropology).

Handbook of Paleoanthropology

Handbook of Paleoanthropology Book
Author : Winfried Henke,Ian Tattersall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-10
ISBN : 3540324747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 3-volume handbook brings together contributions by the world ́s leading specialists that reflect the broad spectrum of modern palaeoanthropology, thus presenting an indispensable resource for professionals and students alike. Vol. 1 reviews principles, methods, and approaches, recounting recent advances and state-of-the-art knowledge in phylogenetic analysis, palaeoecology and evolutionary theory and philosophy. Vol. 2 examines primate origins, evolution, behaviour, and adaptive variety, emphasizing integration of fossil data with contemporary knowledge of the behaviour and ecology of living primates in natural environments. Vol. 3 deals with fossil and molecular evidence for the evolution of Homo sapiens and its fossil relatives.

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine

Forensic Anthropology and Medicine Book
Author : Aurore Schmitt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-09
ISBN : 1597450995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent political, religious, ethnic, and racial conflicts, as well as mass disasters, have significantly helped to bring to light the almost unknown dis- pline of forensic anthropology. This science has become particularly useful to forensic pathologists because it aids in solving various puzzles, such as id- tifying victims and documenting crimes. On topics such as mass disasters and crimes against humanity, teamwork between forensic pathologists and for- sic anthropologists has significantly increased over the few last years. This relationship has also improved the study of routine cases in local medicolegal institutes. When human remains are badly decomposed, partially skelet- ized, and/or burned, it is particularly useful for the forensic pathologist to be assisted by a forensic anthropologist. It is not a one-way situation: when the forensic anthropologist deals with skeletonized bodies that have some kind of soft tissue, the advice of a forensic pathologist would be welcome. Forensic anthropology is a subspecialty/field of physical anthropology. Most of the background on skeletal biology was gathered on the basis of sk- etal remains from past populations. Physical anthropologists then developed an indisputable “know-how”; nevertheless, one must keep in mind that looking for a missing person or checking an assumed identity is quite a different matter. Pieces of information needed by forensic anthropologists require a higher level of reliability and accuracy than those granted in a general archaeological c- text. To achieve a positive identification, findings have to match with e- dence, particularly when genetic identification is not possible.

Crime Laboratory Digest

Crime Laboratory Digest Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Crime Laboratory Digest book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains

Forensic Recovery of Human Remains Book
Author : Tosha L. Dupras,John J. Schultz,Sandra M. Wheeler,Lana J Williams
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-08-23
ISBN : 1420037943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential reference for both forensic experts and non-experts alike, Forensic Recovery of Human Remains: Archaeological Approaches is a comprehensive guide that focuses on the practical aspects of excavating and recovering human remains, along with any associated evidence, from crime scenes. It highlights the protocols and techniques that ar