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Forensic Comparative Science

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Forensic Comparative Science

Forensic Comparative Science Book
Author : John Vanderkolk
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-08-19
ISBN : 9780080920016
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While there is no such thing as a perfect match in the field of forensic comparative science, Forensic Comparative Science: Qualitative Quantitative Source Determination of Unique Impressions, Images, and Objects provides the experience, understanding, and judgment, necessary for concluding whether two unique images share common origin from a unique and persistent source. Knowing there will be ranges of different levels of details throughout images, the expert must be able to comprehend when a sufficient quality and quantity of details is reached to render a judgment. By utilizing a process of analyzing the first image, analyzing the second image, comparing them to each other, and evaluating the significance of the analyses and comparisons based on expertise, the comparative scientist will be able to recognize the belief and believe the recognition that occurs during comparative examinations. Forensic Comparative Science presents a philosophical and theoretical approach to explaining the cognitive process of comparative measurements and source determination. Science is about understanding and generalizing nature. This book is about generalizing comparative science. Brings the comparative sciences under one philosophy of understanding in regards to terminology, examination method and standards for conclusions Provides standards for conclusions including sufficiency vs. insufficiency for comparisons, individualization, agreement vs. disagreement, and levels of detail required Not only helps gaining scientific and technical knowledge but also helps to understand and appreciate the importance of the comparative sciences to the criminal justice system A ‘must read’ for any forensic science student with an interest in comparative sciences, all trainees in forensic laboratories, and active examiners throughout the world wanting a compilation of many disciplines under one generalized philosophy of examination

The Problems of the Forensic Science a Comparative Study

The Problems of the Forensic Science   a Comparative Study Book
Author : Géza Katona,Maria Katona
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Problems of the Forensic Science a Comparative Study book written by Géza Katona,Maria Katona, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forensic Science

Forensic Science Book
Author : Stuart H. James,Jon J. Nordby Ph.D.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-08-29
ISBN : 1482274108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Criminal profiling, cyberforensics, accident reconstruction. Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques is the first introductory text to present forensic science in its broadest sense, encompassing classic criminalistics and beyond. Packed with over 350 full-color illustrations, the book offers a cutting-ed

Forensic Gait Analysis

Forensic Gait Analysis Book
Author : Ivan Birch,Michael Nirenberg,Wesley Vernon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-02
ISBN : 0429761406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gait analysis is the systematic study of human walking, using the eye and brain of experienced observers, augmented by instrumentation for measuring body movements, body mechanics, and the activity of the muscles. Since Aristotle’s work on gait analysis more than 2000 years ago, it has become an established clinical science used extensively in the healthcare and rehabilitation fields for diagnosis and treatment. Forensic Gait Analysis details the more recent, and rapidly developing, uses of gait analysis in the forensic sciences. This includes using observational gait analysis, especially based on video recordings, to assist in the process of identifying individuals. With the increase in use of CCTV and surveillance systems over the last 20 to 30 years, there has been a steady and rapid increase in the use of gait as evidence. Currently, gait analysis is widely used in the UK in criminal investigations, with increasing awareness of its potential use in the US, Europe, and globally. The book details the history of the science, current practices, and emergent application to establish best-practice standards that conform to those of other forensic science disciplines. Engagement with the Forensic Science Regulator, the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences in the UK, and the International Association for Identification has helped to ensure and enhance the quality assurance of forensic gait analysis. However, there remains a fundamental lack of standardized training and methodology for use in an evidentiary and investigative capacity. This book fills that void, serving as one of the first books to reflect the state of current practice and capabilities—outlining a standard of practice and expectations as to what gait analysis, and by association gait analysis experts, and corroborate. Forensic Gait Analysis will reflect the research and current forensic practices and serve as a state-of-the-art, definitive guide to the use of gait analysis in the forensic context—for both education and training purposes. It will be a welcome addition to the library of professionals in the areas of podiatry, gait analysis, forensic video analysis, law enforcement, and legal practitioners.

Materials Analysis in Forensic Science

Materials Analysis in Forensic Science Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-27
ISBN : 0128006730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward. This volume, Materials Analysis in Forensic Science will serve as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching materials analysis in forensic science. It will also prove an excellent reference for forensic practitioner’s libraries or use in their casework. Coverage includes methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials and professional issues the reader may encounter. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, the Advanced Forensic Science Series is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of materials analysis Contains information on a wide variety of trace evidence Covers methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, lab reports, health and safety, and field deployable devices Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Professional Issues in Forensic Science

Professional Issues in Forensic Science Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-04-15
ISBN : 0128006234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Professional Issues in Forensic Science will introduce students to various topics they will encounter within the field of Forensic Science. Legal implications within the field will focus on expert witness testimony and procedural rules defined by both legislative statute and court decisions. These decisions affect the collection, analysis, and court admissibility of scientific evidence, such as the Frye and Daubert standards and the Federal Rules of Evidence. Existing and pending Forensic Science legislation will be covered, including laws governing state and national DNA databases. Ethical concerns stemming from the day-to-day balancing of competing priorities encountered by the forensic student will be discussed. Such competing priorities may cause conflicts between good scientific practice and the need to expedite work, meet legal requirements, and satisfy client’s wishes. The role of individual morality in Forensic Science and competing ethical standards between state and defense experts will be addressed. Examinations of ethical guidelines issued by various professional forensic organizations will be conducted. Students will be presented with examples of ethical dilemmas for comment and resolution. The management of crime laboratories will provide discussion on quality assurance/quality control practices and the standards required by the accreditation of laboratories and those proposed by Scientific Working Groups in Forensic Science. The national Academy of Sciences report on Strengthening Forensic Science will be examined to determine the impact of the field. Professional Issues in Forensic Science is a core topic taught in forensic science programs. This volume will be an essential advanced text for academics and an excellent reference for the newly practicing forensic scientist. It will also fit strategically and cluster well with our other forensic science titles addressing professional issues. Introduces readers to various topics they will encounter within the field of Forensic Science Covers legal issues, accreditation and certification, proper analysis, education and training, and management issues Includes a section on professional organizations and groups, both in the U.S. and Internationally Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony

Forensic Science Evidence and Expert Witness Testimony Book
Author : Paul Roberts,Michael Stockdale
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 1788111036
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science evidence plays a pivotal role in modern criminal proceedings. Yet such evidence poses intense practical and theoretical challenges. It can be unreliable or misleading and has been associated with miscarriages of justice. In this original and insightful book, a global team of prominent scholars and practitioners explore the contemporary challenges of forensic science evidence and expert witness testimony from a variety of theoretical, practical and jurisdictional perspectives. Chapters encompass the institutional organisation of forensic science, its procedural regulation, evaluation and reform, and brim with comparative insight.

Methods of Forensic Science

Methods of Forensic Science Book
Author : Frank Lundquist,Alan S. Curry
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Methods of Forensic Science book written by Frank Lundquist,Alan S. Curry, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forensic Science Reform

Forensic Science Reform Book
Author : Wendy J Koen,C. Michael Bowers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-16
ISBN : 012802738X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Science Reform: Protecting the Innocent is written for the nonscientist to help make complicated scientific information clear and concise enough for attorneys and judges to master. This volume covers physical forensic science, namely arson, shaken baby syndrome, non-accidental trauma, bite marks, DNA, ballistics, comparative bullet lead analysis, fingerprint analysis, and hair and fiber analysis, and contains valuable contributions from leading experts in the field of forensic science. Offers training for prosecuting attorneys on the present state of the forensic sciences in order to avoid reliance on legal precedent that lags decades behind the science Provides defense attorneys the knowledge to defend their clients against flawed science Arms innocence projects and appellate attorneys with the latest information to challenge convictions that were obtained using faulty science Uses science-specific case studies to simplify issues in forensic science for the legal professional Offers a detailed overview of both the failures and progress made in the forensic sciences, making the volume ideal for law school courses covering wrongful convictions, or for undergraduate courses on law, legal ethics, or forensics

Forensic Science

Forensic Science Book
Author : Evgeny Katz,Jan Halámek
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-08
ISBN : 3527693548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concentrating on the natural science aspects of forensics, top international authors from renowned universities, institutes, and laboratories impart the latest information from the field. In doing so they provide the background needed to understand the state of the art in forensic science with a focus on biological, chemical, biochemical, and physical methods. The broad subject coverage includes spectroscopic analysis techniques in various wavelength regimes, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, electrochemical detection approaches, and imaging techniques, as well as advanced biochemical, DNA-based identification methods. The result is a unique collection of hard-to-get data that is otherwise only found scattered throughout the literature.

Forensic Fingerprints

Forensic Fingerprints Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 0128006722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Fingerprints, the latest in the Advanced Forensic Science Series which grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward, serves as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching fingerprint detection and analysis, and will also prove to be an excellent reference for forensic practitioner libraries and for use in casework. Coverage includes fingerprint science, friction ridge print examination, AFIS, foot and palm prints, and the professional issues practitioners may encounter. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, this book is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of interpretation and comparative methods Contains information on the chemistry of print residue and the visualization of latent prints Covers fingerprint science, friction ridge print examination, AFIS, and foot and palm prints Includes a section on professional issues, from crime scene to court, lab reports, health and safety, and certification Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion questions, and additional reading suggestions

The New Wigmore

The New Wigmore Book
Author : David H. Kaye
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The New Wigmore book written by David H. Kaye, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences

Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences Book
Author : Jason H. Byrd,Patricia Norris,Nancy Bradley-Siemens
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-07-19
ISBN : 1351348590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While there are several recent books on this emerging field, Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences sets the bar, covering all relevant aspects in a succinct, easy-to-read, comprehensive format designed to be taught in a single-semester course. Intended to be the premier textbook on veterinary forensic sciences, the book covers the application of veterinary forensic medicine to cases, including the medical perspective as well as law enforcement response, crime scene management, and evidence recovery issues. Coverage includes the scientific and legal principles for veterinary forensic evidence. This clearly delineates it from veterinary-only practices, since the forensic aspects present additional challenges that include evidence recovery and preservation, report writing, and maintaining an evidentiary chain of custody, all the way through expert witness testimony. Some emerging topics that are covered include DNA and genetic evidence, entomological evidence in support of veterinary forensics, animal fighting, situational deaths, including poisonings, domestic violence, and cruelty, sharp and blunt force trauma, gunshot and wound ballistics, sexual assault, nonhuman odontology and osteology, and more. Features Details a process for forensic science case management for humane law enforcement agencies Presents multiple chapters on specific types of trauma analysis in animals Provides developments on current trends in forensic entomology as applied to wildlife crime and minimum postmortem interval determinations Explores national and international considerations in combating organized animal fighting Offers DNA applications for wildlife crime and environmental monitoring Outlines current animal and environmental forensic toxicology legal casework This text offers a straightforward presentation of current practices and includes several real-world case examples throughout to illustrate concepts. Fully illustrated with more than 280 full-color images, Veterinary Forensic Medicine and Forensic Sciences provides the latest in advances and up-to-date field techniques, applicable for student instruction in the classroom and beyond.

Digital Technology for Forensic Footwear Analysis and Vertebrate Ichnology

Digital Technology for Forensic Footwear Analysis and Vertebrate Ichnology Book
Author : Matthew R. Bennett,Marcin Budka
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-25
ISBN : 3319936891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“There is no branch of detective science which is so important and so much neglected as the art of tracing footsteps. Happily, I have always laid great stress upon it, and much practice has made it second nature to me.” Sherlock Holmes, Study of Scarlet. Despite the fictional nature of Sherlock Holmes this statement rings true today. The study of footwear is neglected in modern forensic practice and does have much to offer. What it needs is an injection of technology and modern analytical tools. These tools are emerging from the digital revolution currently transforming vertebrate ichnology. Ichnology is the discipline of earth science which focuses on the study of trace fossils such as footprints. This book draws upon both disciplines - geology (ichnology) and forensic science - to show how the two have much to learn from each other especially with regard to the digital capture and analysis of footprints. This book presents field and laboratory methods associated with the collection, analysis and presentation of three-dimensional tracks (footprints) whether from a crime scene or a geological/archaeological excavation. It shows students, researchers and practitioners how to collect and analyse 3D data and take advantage of the digital revolution transforming ichnology. This book is not only essential reading for forensic and earth science students but also for professional forensic practitioners as well as for applied computer scientists developing new tools for visualization and analysis of 3D data. The book forms a natural methods focused complement to the successful text Fossilised Locomotion published by Springer 2014.

Forensic Biology

Forensic Biology Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 0128007117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Biology provides coordinated expert content from world-renowned leading authorities in forensic biology. Covering the range of forensic biology, this volume in the Advanced Forensic Science Series provides up-to-date scientific learning on DNA analysis. Technical information, written with the degreed professional in mind, brings established methods together with newer approaches to build a comprehensive knowledge base for the student and practitioner alike. LIke each volume in the Advanced Forensic Science Series, review and discussion questions allow the text to be used in classrooms, training programs, and numerous other applications. Sections on fundamentals of forensic science, history, safety, and professional issues provide context and consistency in support of the forensic enterprise. Forensic Biology sets a new standard for reference and learning texts in mondern forensic science. Advanced articles written by international forensic biology experts Covers the range of forensic biology, including methods and interpretation Includes entries on history, safety, and professional issues Useful as a professional reference, advanced textbook, or training review

Quality Management in Forensic Science

Quality Management in Forensic Science Book
Author : Sean Doyle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 0128094249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science has been under scrutiny for some time, since the release of the NAS report in 2009. The report cited the need for standardized practices and the accreditation of crime labs. No longer can the forensic community take the position that cross-examination in a courtroom will expose weaknesses in methodology and execution. Quality Management in Forensic Science covers a wide spectrum of forensic disciplines, relevant ISO and non-ISO standards, accreditation and quality management systems necessary in any forensic science laboratory. Written by a globally well-respected forensic scientist with decades of experience in the forensic science laboratory and on the stand, as an expert witness who is also a Fellow of both the Royal Society of Chemistry and the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences. This book will be a must-have resource for all forensic science stakeholders, particularly law enforcement agents and lawyers less familiar with the impact of quality management on the reliability of scientific evidence. A comprehensive, multidisciplinary reference of scientific practices for use in the forensic laboratory Coverage from DNA to toxicology, from trace evidence to crime scene and beyond Extensive review of ISO and non-ISO standards, accreditation, QMS and much more Written by a foremost forensic scientist with decades of experience in the laboratory and as an expert witness

Forensic Chemistry

Forensic Chemistry Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-01-26
ISBN : 0128006242
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Chemistry is the first publication to provide coordinated expert content from world-renowned leading authorities in forensic chemistry. Covering the range of forensic chemistry, this volume in the Advanced Forensic Science Series provides up-to-date scientific learning on drugs, fire debris, explosives, instrumental methods, interpretation, and more. Technical information, written with the degreed professional in mind, brings established methods together with newer approaches to build a comprehensive knowledge base for the student and practitioner alike. Like each volume in the Advanced Forensic Science Series, review and discussion questions allow the text to be used in classrooms, training programs, and numerous other applications. Sections on fundamentals of forensic science, history, safety, and professional issues provide context and consistency in support of the forensic enterprise. Forensic Chemistry sets a new standard for reference and learning texts in modern forensic science. Advanced articles written by international forensic chemistry experts Covers the range of forensic chemistry, including methods and interpretation Includes entries on history, safety, and professional issues Useful as a professional reference, advanced textbook, or training review

Forensic Pathology

Forensic Pathology Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-23
ISBN : 0128025018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Pathology, the latest volume in the Advanced Forensic Science series that grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report serves as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching forensic pathology, and is an excellent reference for forensic pathologists’ libraries or for use in their casework. Coverage includes postmortem interval, autopsy, trauma, causes of death, identification, and professional issues. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, this series provides a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of forensic pathology Contains sections on postmortem interval, autopsy, trauma, causes of death, and identification Includes a section on professional issues, such as crime scene to court, expert witness testimony, health and safety, deaths in custody, and suicide Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion questions, and additional reading suggestions

Forensic Engineering

Forensic Engineering Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 0128027401
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Engineering, the latest edition in the Advanced Forensic Science series that grew out of recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward, serves as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching digital forensic engineering, as well as an excellent reference for a forensic scientist’s library or for their use in casework. Coverage includes investigations, transportation investigations, fire investigations, other methods and professional issues. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, this series is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of forensic engineering Contains sections on investigations, transportation investigations, fire investigations and other methods Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, forensic laboratory reports and health and safety Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion questions and additional reading suggestions