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Foodborne Illness Causes Biology And Pathogen Identification

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Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism

Technological Innovations in Sensing and Detection of Chemical  Biological  Radiological  Nuclear Threats and Ecological Terrorism Book
Author : Ashok Vaseashta,Eric Braman,Philip Susmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-01-05
ISBN : 940072487X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book arises from the NATO Advanced Study Institute “Technological Innovations in Detection and Sensing of CBRN Agents and Ecological Terrorism” held in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova in June 2010. It comprises a variety of invited contributions by highly experienced educators, scientists, and industrialists, and is structured to cover important aspects of the field that include developments in chemical-biological, and radiation sensing, synthesis and processing of sensors, and applications of sensors in detecting/monitoring contaminants introduced/dispersed inadvertently or intentionally in air, water, and food supplies. The book emphasizes nanomaterials and nanotechnology based sensing and also includes a section on sensing and detection technologies that can be applied to information security. Finally, it examines regional, national, and international policies and ethics related to nanomaterials and sensing. It will be of considerable interest and value to those already pursuing or considering careers in the field of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology based sensing, In general, it serves as a valuable source of information for those interested in how nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are advancing the field of sensing, detection, and remediation, policy makers, and commanders in the field.

Foodborne Pathogens

Foodborne Pathogens Book
Author : Pina M. Fratamico,Arun K. Bhunia,James L. Smith
Publisher : Horizon Scientific Press
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781904455004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A cutting edge summary of all the latest advances, providing the first coherent picture of the current status.

Food Borne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance

Food Borne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance Book
Author : Om V. Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-01-30
ISBN : 1119139155
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food is an essential means for humans and other animals to acquire the necessary elements needed for survival. However, it is also a transport vehicle for foodborne pathogens, which can pose great threats to human health. Use of antibiotics has been enhanced in the human health system; however, selective pressure among bacteria allows the development for antibiotic resistance. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance bridges technological gaps, focusing on critical aspects of foodborne pathogen detection and mechanisms regulating antibiotic resistance that are relevant to human health and foodborne illnesses This groundbreaking guide: • Introduces the microbial presence on variety of food items for human and animal consumption. • Provides the detection strategies to screen and identify the variety of food pathogens in addition to reviews the literature. • Provides microbial molecular mechanism of food spoilage along with molecular mechanism of microorganisms acquiring antibiotic resistance in food. • Discusses systems biology of food borne pathogens in terms of detection and food spoilage. • Discusses FDA’s regulations and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) towards challenges and possibilities of developing global food safety. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance is an immensely useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the food science, food microbiology, microbiology, and industrial biotechnology.

Principles of Bacterial Detection Biosensors Recognition Receptors and Microsystems

Principles of Bacterial Detection  Biosensors  Recognition Receptors and Microsystems Book
Author : Mohammed Zourob,Sauna Elwary,Anthony P. F. Turner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-03
ISBN : 0387751130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Bacterial Detection: Biosensors, Recognition Receptors and Microsystems will cover the up-to-date biosensor technologies used for the detection of bacteria. Written by the world's most renowned and learned scientists each in their own area of expertise, Principles of Bacterial Detection: Biosensors, Recognition Receptors and Microsystems is the first title to cover this expanding research field.

Biological Hazards in Food

Biological Hazards in Food Book
Author : Maria Schirone,Pierina Visciano,Rosanna Tofalo,Giovanna Suzzi
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-03-07
ISBN : 2889451135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ingestion of food containing pathogenic microorganisms (i.e. bacteria and their toxins, fungi, viruses) and parasites can cause food-borne diseases in humans. A growing number of emerging pathogens, changes of virulence of known pathogens and appearance of antibiotic resistance has recently exposed consumers to a major risk of illness. Also infected people and the environment can spread microorganisms on raw or processed food. Outbreaks of food-borne diseases are often unrecognized, unreported, or not investigated and particularly in developing countries their agents and sources are mostly unknown. Surveillance and analytical methods aiming at their detection are to be hoped, as well as good strategies to struggle against these threats. This E-book is subdivided in chapters regarding to pathogenic and spoiling microorganisms, chemical hazards produced by biological agents and food safety management systems.

Omics and Systems Approaches to Study the Biology and Applications of Lactic Acid Bacteria

Omics and Systems Approaches to Study the Biology and Applications of Lactic Acid Bacteria Book
Author : Konstantinos Papadimitriou,Jan Kok,Pierre Renault,Kimberly Kline
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-10-13
ISBN : 2889637174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The economic importance of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) for the food industry and their implication in health and disease has rendered them attractive models for research in many laboratories around the world. Over the past three decades, molecular and genetic analysis of LAB species provided important insights into the biology and application of starter and probiotic LAB and in the virulence of LAB pathogens. The knowledge obtained prepared LAB researchers for the forthcoming opportunities provided by the advent of microbial genomics. Today, developments in next-generation sequencing technologies have rocketed LAB genome research and the sequences of several hundreds of strains are available. This flood of information has revolutionized our view of LAB. First of all, a detailed picture has emerged about the evolutionary mechanisms allowing LAB to inhabit the very diverge ecological niches in which they can be found. Adaptation of LAB to nutrient-rich environments has led to degenerative evolution processes that resulted in shortening of chromosomes and simplified metabolic potential. Gene acquisition through horizontal transfer, on the other hand, is also important in shaping LAB gene pools. Horizontally acquired genes have been shown to be essential in technological properties of starters and in probiosis or virulence of commensals. Progress in bioinformatics tools has allowed rapid annotation of LAB genomes and the direct assignment of genetic traits among species/strains through comparative genomics. In this way, the molecular basis of many important traits of LAB has been elucidated, including aspects of sugar fermentation, flavor and odor formation, production of textural substances, stress responses, colonization of and survival in the host, cell-tocell interactions and pathogenicity. Functional genomics and proteomics have been employed in a number of instances to support in silico predictions. Given that the costs of advanced next-generation methodologies like RNA-seq are dropping fast, bottlenecks in the in silico characterization of LAB genomes will be rapidly overcome. Another crucial advancement in LAB research is the application of systems biology approaches, by which the properties and interactions of components or parts of a biological system are investigated to accurately understand or predict LAB behavior. Practically, systems biology involves the mathematical modeling of complex biological systems that can be refined iteratively with wet-lab experiments. High-throughput experimentation generating huge amounts of data on the properties and quantities of many components such as transcripts, enzymes and metabolites has resulted in several systems models of LAB. Novel techniques allow modelling of additional levels of complexity including the function of small RNAs, structural features of RNA molecules and post-translational modifications. In addition, researchers have started to apply systems approaches in the framework of LAB multispecies ecosystems in which each species or strain is considered as a part of the system. Metatransciptomics, metaproteomics and metametabolomics offer the means to combine cellular behavior with population dynamics in microbial consortia.

Food Borne Pathogens

Food Borne Pathogens Book
Author : Catherine Adley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1592599907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents emerging molecular methods of analyzing for food pathogens. It contains methodologies for the laboratory isolation and identification of the three groups of organisms that cause food borne disease: bacteria, viruses, and parasites. These methods clearly demonstrate the direction in rapid identification systems presently being developed. The methodologies presented in Food-Borne Pathogens will be utilized by research scientists and food technologists on an ongoing basis throughout their work.

Foodborne Microbial Pathogens

Foodborne Microbial Pathogens Book
Author : Arun Bhunia
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-22
ISBN : 0387745378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At last, here is a graduate-level textbook that focuses on the very latest information on the molecular and cellular mechanism of several major foodborne bacterial pathogens. For the first time in the field, this book makes the link between foodborne illness and immunology. It also covers virulence genes and their regulation in the host or the food environment, pathogenicity testing models, clinical symptoms and prevention and control strategies. Unlike other textbooks this one also covers the host/parasite interaction to a level where readers have a real appreciation of the disease mechanism. It is imperative that we acquire a better understanding of foodborne pathogens. And this is what this brilliant and timely contribution to the subject offers.

Molecular Detection of Foodborne Pathogens

Molecular Detection of Foodborne Pathogens Book
Author : Dongyou Liu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-07-28
ISBN : 9781420076448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the vast majority of our food supplies are nutritious and safe, foodborne pathogen-related illness still affects millions of people each year. Large outbreaks of foodborne diseases- such as the recent salmonella outbreak linked to various peanut butter products- continue to be reported with alarming frequency.All-Encompassing Guide to Detecti

Food Safety

Food Safety Book
Author : Lan Hu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-04
ISBN : 1351612018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new volume, Food Safety: Rapid Detection and Effective Prevention of Foodborne Hazards, focuses on the general concepts, mechanisms, and new applications of analytical and molecular biology techniques for detecting, removing, and preventing chemical and biological hazards from food. Edited by a microbiologist and medical officer with over 20 years of laboratory and research experience in bacteriology, molecular biology, infectious disease, and food safety, and who has trained with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the volume provides an abundance of valuable information on food safety and foodborne hazards in our food and drink. Today, food safety is a growing concern not only of food-related professionals and policymakers, but also of the public. Foodborne hazards, including chemical and biological hazards, can cause food intoxication, infectious diseases, cancers, and other health risks. Foodborne diseases are a major public health and economic burden in both the developed and developing countries. In the United States alone, the incidence of foodborne illness is approximately 9.4 million cases with about 56,000 hospitalizations and 1,351 deaths every year. Written in an easy-to-read and user-friend style, each chapter introduces a chemical or biological hazard and addresses: What kinds of disease does the foodborne hazard cause Why is it necessary for us to study it What routes does it take to enter our food and how does it cause us to become sick How do we identify it Chapters then go on to present new technologies employed to detect, isolate, and/or identify the hazard and prevention procedures such as: (ADD BULLETS) How can the current application of new technology be used to detect the foodborne hazards How do we prevent the diseases caused by the foodborne hazards This book will be valuable to professionals and other specialists who work in food preparation, food safety, clinical laboratories, and food manufacturing industry. It will be a resource for food handling trainers as well as to anyone interested in foodborne hazards and their affective detection, reduction, and prevention strategies. This book can also serve as a important reference for more specialized courses in food safety-related courses and training programs.

Omics Microbial Modeling and Technologies for Foodborne Pathogens

Omics  Microbial Modeling and Technologies for Foodborne Pathogens Book
Author : Xianghe Yan
Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 1605950475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Expands detection knowledge and classification of foodborne pathogens · Connects omics methods,modeling, data and food safety databases · Offers framework for risk assessment and rapid online surveillance and analysis

Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens

Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens Book
Author : Michael Doyle
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1989-02-24
ISBN : 9780824778668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bacteria are estimated to cause some 24 million cases of diarrheal disease annually in the US. These papers have wide importance providing background information and recent research findings and giving a comprehensive, current understanding of bacterial pathogens associated with foods and their role

Development of Bioassays Using Ganglioside liposomes for Detection of Biological Toxins

Development of Bioassays Using Ganglioside liposomes for Detection of Biological Toxins Book
Author : Soohyoun Ahn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Botulism is a rare but very severe disease that frequently results in death from respiratory failure. Cholera is often associated with water or seafood contamination, causing severe diarrhea and dehydration. The interest in these toxins has increased these days because of their high potential as bio-weapons. Therefore, the development of rapid and sensitive detection assays for these toxins is of critical importance.

Advances in Shiga Toxigenic Escherichia coli Research and Treatment 2011 Edition

Advances in Shiga Toxigenic Escherichia coli Research and Treatment  2011 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2012-01-09
ISBN : 1464954844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli in a compact format. The editors have built Advances in Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Shiga-Toxigenic Escherichia coli Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Microbial Foodborne Diseases

Microbial Foodborne Diseases Book
Author : Jeffrey W. Cary,John E. Linz,Deepak Bhatnagar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-11-29
ISBN : 9781566767873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through the use of molecular and cellular biological techniques, numerous advances have been made in understanding the molecular basis of virulence mechanisms and toxin biosynthesis in organisms that contaminate food and feed. Microbial Foodborne Diseases: Mechanisms of Pathogenesis and Toxin Synthesis serves as an advanced text on these techniques, providing useful, up-to-date information by recognized authorities on the molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis and toxin production of some of the most important foodborne pathogens. This book focuses on the molecular and cellular processes that govern pathogenicity and toxin production in foodborne and waterborne pathogens - viral, bacterial, fungal, and protozoan. It also includes current information related to the association of each pathogen with particular foods and water, epidemiology, methods of early detection, toxicology, and economic impact of the pathogen. It not only serves as an excellent reference, it is also a valuable tool in the rational design of preventative controls and therapeutic approaches to the disease process.

Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens

Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens Book
Author : Martin Wiedmann,Wei Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-04
ISBN : 9781441976864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foodborne illnesses caused by various bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens lead to a high number of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and throughout the world. Recent advances in microbial genomics have significantly improved our understanding of the physiology, evolution, ecology, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of different foodborne pathogens. This book focuses on the genomics of foodborne bacterial pathogens. It begins with a brief overview of the recent advances in microbial genomics and the impact of genomics on food safety research. Then, eight chapters follow that elaborate some in-depth reviews on the genomics of several common foodborne bacterial pathogens including Bacillus, Campylobacter, Clostridium, Escherichia coli, Listeria, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, and Vibrio. Finally, the last four chapters focus on some current genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic technologies and their applications in studying the epidemiology, evolution, and pathogenesis of foodborne bacterial pathogens. Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens can be used as a reference by scientists and professionals in academia, government, and industry who are interested in understanding microbial genomics and using genomics tools to study foodborne bacterial pathogens. This book can also be used as a textbook for instructors and professors who teach food microbiology or microbial genomics-related courses at the post-graduate level.

Meat Inspection and Control in the Slaughterhouse

Meat Inspection and Control in the Slaughterhouse Book
Author : Thimjos Ninios,Janne Lundén,Hannu Korkeala,Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 1118525841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meat inspection, meat hygiene and official control tasks in the slaughterhouse have always been of major importance in the meat industry, and are intimately related with animal diseases and animal welfare. The history of meat inspection has largely been a success story. Huge steps have been taken over more than a century to prevent the transmission of pathogenic organisms and contagious diseases from animals to humans. Various factors influence the quality and safety of meat including public health hazards (zoonotic pathogens, chemical substances and veterinary drugs), animal health and welfare issues during transport and slaughter. Meat inspection is one of the most important programs in improving food safety, and its scope has enlarged considerably over the last decades. Globalization has affected the complexity of the modern meat chain and has provided possibilities for food fraud and unfair competition. During the last two decades many food fraud cases have been reported, which have caused concern among consumers and the industry. Subsequently meat inspection is faced with new challenges. Meat Inspection and Control in the Slaughterhouse is an up-to-date reference book that responds to these changes and reflects the continued importance of meat inspection for the food industry. The contributors to this book are all international experts in the areas of meat inspection and the official controls limited to slaughterhouses, providing a rare insight into the international meat trade. This book will be of importance to students, professionals and members of the research community worldwide who aim to improve standards of meat inspection procedures and food safety.

Foodborne Disease Handbook Second Edition

Foodborne Disease Handbook  Second Edition  Book
Author : Y. H. Hui,Roy Smith,David G. Spoerke
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-10-20
ISBN : 9780824703431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'The Foodborne Disease Handbook' thoroughly describes, in up-to-date detail, the bacterial, viral, parasitic, and fungal pathogens and toxicants from plants, animals, and other environmental sources in food and drinking water that cause disease - providing traditional and new methods of treatment, cure, and prevention of foodborne infections and illnesses. Each volume - written by leading authorities - presents the history, biology, chemistry, disease outbreaks, treatment, and recent research on the full spectrum.

Toward Safer Food

Toward Safer Food Book
Author : Sandra Professor Hoffmann,Michael R. Professor Taylor
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-09-30
ISBN : 1136524517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 1998, a National Academy of Sciences panel called for an integrated, risk-based food safety system. This goal is widely embraced, but there has been little advance in thinking about how to integrate knowledge about food safety risks into a system- wide risk analysis framework. Such a framework is the essential scientific basis for better priority setting and resource allocation to improve food safety. Sandra Hoffmann and Michael Taylor bring together leading scientists, risk analysts, and economists, as well as experienced regulators and policy analysts, to better define the priority setting problem and focus on the scientific and intellectual resources available to construct a risk analysis framework for improving food safety. Toward Safer Food provides a common starting point for discussions about how to construct this framework. The book includes a multi-disciplinary introduction to the existing data, research, and methodological and conceptual approaches on which a system-wide risk analysis framework must draw. It also recognizes that efforts to improve food safety will be influenced by the current institutional context, and provides an overview of the ways in which food safety law and administration affect priority setting. Hoffman and Taylor intend their book to be accessible to people from a wide variety of backgrounds. At the same time, they retain the core conceptual sophistication needed to understand the challenges that are inherent in improving food safety. The editors hope that this book will help the U.S. move beyond a call for an integrated, risk-based system toward its actual construction.

Essential Forensic Biology

Essential Forensic Biology Book
Author : Alan Gunn
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 1119964733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject providing a balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigations; invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes. The book provides an overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators – human fluids and tissues, including blood cells, bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones, and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death. The coverage of molecular techniques has been expanded throughout with additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics now included. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases. Fully revised and updated new edition of this highly successful textbook. Includes self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter and case studies. Now in full colour throughout. Includes a supplementary website (www.wileyeurope.com/college/gunn) covering additional material and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding. From the reviews of the first edition: "The author does an excellent job of demonstrating how biological science can, and does, contribute to legal investigations..." —THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY "...a super book ...not a book that will languish on library shelves. Buy it!" —JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL EDUCATION "...naturalists and biologists will find much of interest within these books...new light on the application of their own specialism..." —THE NATURALIST "Overall, I give it my highest recommendation. I was unable to find a single paragraph that was no fascinating, despite being sad or gruesome at times." —E-STREAMS