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Food Security And Plant Disease Management

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Food Security and Plant Disease Management

Food Security and Plant Disease Management Book
Author : Ajay Kumar,Samir Droby
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 012821855X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food Security and Plant Disease Management offers a comprehensive exploration of biocontrol, the latest technologies being used in plant health assurance, and resulting impacts on crop production and food security. Discussing both theoretical and practical topics, the book examines basic and advanced applications of biosensor and nano-technologies, introduces plant disease, including modes of action and their transmission in host plants, then covers factors contributing to plant disease and various means of addressing those diseases. This volume is part of the Microorganisms in Agriculture and the Environment series and provides important information for developing new effective plant protection practices. The direct or indirect applications of beneficial microbes in the treatment of plant disease is termed “microbial control and these methods have increasingly been identified as important options for plant health management. The beneficial microbes as well as recent omic and nano-technologies also reveal important mechanisms that can be utilized in disease management strategies. Explores the impact of climate change on plant diseases and new methods of resolution Includes information on gene expression during crop disease management Presents insights into the legal and commercial aspects of microbial control

The Role of Plant Pathology in Food Safety and Food Security

The Role of Plant Pathology in Food Safety and Food Security Book
Author : R.N. Strange,Maria Lodovica Gullino
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-11-28
ISBN : 9781402089329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of papers represents some of those given at the International Congress for Plant Pathology held in Turin in 2008 in the session with the title “The Role of Plant Pathology in Food Safety and Food Security”. Although food safety in terms of “Is this food safe to eat?” did not receive much direct attention it is, never theless, an important topic. A crop may not be safe to eat because of its inh- ent qualities. Cassava, for example, is cyanogenic, and must be carefully prepared if toxicosis is to be avoided. Other crops may be safe to eat providing they are not infected or infested by microorganisms. Mycotoxins are notorious examples of compounds which may contaminate a crop either pre- or post-harvest owing to the growth of fungi. Two papers in this book deal with toxins, one by Barbara Howlett and co-workers and the other by Robert Proctor and co-workers. In the first of these, the role of sirodesmin PL, a compound produced by Leptosphaeria ma- lans, causal agent of blackleg disease of oilseed rape (Brassica napus), is discussed. The authors conclude that the toxin plays a role in virulence of the fungus and may also be beneficial in protecting the pathogen from other competing micro-organisms but there seem to be no reports of its mammalian toxicity.

Emerging Plant Diseases and Global Food Security

Emerging Plant Diseases and Global Food Security Book
Author : Jean Beagle Ristaino,Angela Renee Records
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9780890546383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Emerging Plant Diseases and Global Food Security book written by Jean Beagle Ristaino,Angela Renee Records, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plant Disease Management for Food Security

Plant Disease Management for Food Security Book
Author : C. R. Prajapati,K. P. Singh,A. K. Gupta
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9783659337581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most challenging research areas of 21st century are maintaining the good environment, providing quality food and getting rescued from the environmental hazards increasing due to fast establishment of industries which in turn are also required to meet the demand of gradually expanding population throughout the world. This volume, 'Plant Disease Management for Food Security' embodies forty two research papers of scientists contributed throughout the country. The information on distribution, biology, epidemiology, and control of each pathogens and disease has been updated. The details of key potential diseases and their integrated diseases management (IDM) along with photographs will help the reader to identify diseases, the damage caused by them, and their natural enemies. IDM is also environment-friendly and safer for farmers and farm workers. The book is intended to serve as a text for advanced undergraduate and post graduate students of plant pathology and related discipline and as a reference source for teacher, researchers, students, technologists, extension workers, disease scouts, agribusiness personnel, and others interested in integrated diseases management.

Microbial Biocontrol

Microbial Biocontrol Book
Author : Ajay Kumar (PhD)
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 3030872890
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second volume of a two-volume work reviews beneficial bioactive compounds from various microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, cyanobacteria in plant diseases management and the postharvest management of fruits using microbial antagonists. Furthermore, it reviews the impact of climate change on food security and addressed the legal aspects of microbial biocontrol applications. The two-volume work "Microbial Biocontrol" Bintroduces to mechanisms of plant-microbe interactions and explores latest strategies of how microbes can be applied in biocontrol and management of plant pathogens, replacing chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The book covers different groups of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, but also the interplay of entire microbiomes, and reviews their specific benefits in crop growth promotion, in enhancing the plants tolerance against biotic and abiotic stress as well as in post-harvest management of various plant diseases. Novel tools such as CRISPR/Cas9 and microbe derived nanoparticles are also addressed besides the legal aspects of biocontrol applications. Today, rising global population and changing climatic conditions emerge as a major challenge for agronomist farmers and researchers in fulfilling the requirements of global food production. The conventional agricultural practices utilize undistributed use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides to enhance growth and yield of agricultural products and fresh foods, but their extensive and continuous use have led to a range of negative consequences on the food quality and safety, to environment as well as to human and animal health. Microbial biocontrol applications are presented as a solution, paving the way to a sustainable agriculture in compliance with the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The book addresses researchers in academia and agriculture.

Plant Diseases and Food Security in the 21st Century

Plant Diseases and Food Security in the 21st Century Book
Author : Peter Scott,Richard Strange,Lise Korsten,Maria Lodovica Gullino
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-05-24
ISBN : 9783030579012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of the global population of more than 7 billion people, some 800 million do not have enough to eat today. By 2050, the population is expected to exceed 9 billion. It has been estimated that some 15% of food production is lost to plant diseases; in developing countries losses may be much higher. Historically, plant diseases have had catastrophic impact on food production. For example: potato blight caused the Irish famine in 1845; brown spot of rice caused the Great Bengal Famine of 1943; southern corn leaf blight caused a devastating epidemic on the US corn crop in 1970. Food security is threatened by an ongoing sequence of plant diseases, some persistent for decades or centuries, others more opportunistic. Wheat blast and banana xanthomonas wilt are two contrasting examples of many that currently threaten food production. Other emerging diseases will follow. The proposed title aims to provide a synthesis of expert knowledge to address this central challenge to food security for the 21st century. Chapters [5] and [11] are available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Plant Disease Management Strategies for Sustainable Agriculture through Traditional and Modern Approaches

Plant Disease Management Strategies for Sustainable Agriculture through Traditional and Modern Approaches Book
Author : Imran Ul Haq,Siddra Ijaz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-12
ISBN : 3030359557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an account of the classical and recent trends in plant sciences, which have contributed for disease management strategies in plants for sustainable agriculture. Advancements in the disciplines of biological sciences like biotechnology, microbiology, bioinformatics as well as information and communication technology etc has given the new dimensions for the development of new plant disease management strategies. By keeping this perspective in view, the editors collected and compiled the useful, practical and recent information regarding plant disease management from a diverse group of authors from different countries associated with well-reputed scientific, teaching and research organizations with the objective to update and equip the researchers with comprehensive and latest knowledge of plant disease management. This book is based on the knowledge of traditional and modern approaches for plant disease management. It has 15 chapters, each chapter describing the pillar strategies, which may be the possible way for crop protection from diseases.This effort deals with the history and recent trends in plant disease control, plant genetics and physiology in disease prognosis, conventional plant breeding program for disease resistance, synthetic chemicals: major component of plant disease management, biological antagonism: expected safe and sustainable way to manage plant diseases , soil microbes and plant health, conventional and modern technologies for the management of post-harvest diseases, nanobiotechnology, an innovative plant disease management approach, transgenic approaches in plants: strategic control for disease management, exploiting RNAi mechanism in plants for disease resistance, genome editing technologies for resistance against phytopathogens: principles, applications and future prospects, plant health clinics in Pakistan: operations and prospects, precision agriculture technologies for management of plant disease, quarantine and regulations and development and implementation of IDM program for annual and perennial crops.

Plant Pathology and Plant Diseases

Plant Pathology and Plant Diseases Book
Author : Anne Marte Tronsmo,David B. Collinge,Annika Djurle,Lisa Munk,Jonathan Yuen,Arne Tronsmo
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2020-10-12
ISBN : 1789243181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of plant diseases, including pathogens, plant-pathogen interactions, their management, and future perspectives. Plant diseases limit potential crop production and are responsible for considerable losses in agriculture, horticulture and forestry. Our global food production systems are under increasing pressure from global trade, climate change and urbanization. If we could alleviate the losses due to plant diseases, we would be able to produce roughly 20% more food - enough to feed the predicted world population in 2050. Co-authored by a group of international teachers of plant pathology who have collaborated for many years, the book gives expert and seamless coverage. Plant Pathology and Plant Diseases: Addresses major advances in plant-pathogen interactions, classification of plant pathogens, and the methods of managing or controlling disease Is relevant for a global audience; it covers many examples of diseases with an impact worldwide but with an emphasis on disease of particular importance in a temperate context Features over 400 striking figures and colour photographs It is suitable for graduate students and advanced undergraduates studying plant pathology, biology, agriculture and horticulture.

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security Book
Author : Omkar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 0128032669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security explores the broad range of opportunity and challenges afforded by Integrated Pest Management systems. The book focuses on the insect resistance that has developed as a result of pest control chemicals, and how new methods of environmentally complementary pest control can be used to suppress harmful organisms while protecting the soil, plants, and air around them. As the world’s population continues its rapid increase, this book addresses the production of cereals, vegetables, fruits, and other foods and their subsequent demand increase. Traditional means of food crop production face proven limitations and increasing research is turning to alternative means of crop growth and protection. Addresses environmentally focused pest control with specific attention to its role in food security and sustainability. Includes a range of pest management methods, from natural enemies to biomolecules. Written by experts with extensive real-world experience.

Recent Developments in Management of Plant Diseases

Recent Developments in Management of Plant Diseases Book
Author : Ulrich Gisi,I. Chet,Maria Lodovica Gullino
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-09-18
ISBN : 9781402088049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant disease management remains an important component of plant pathology and is more complex today than ever before including new innovation in diagnostic kits, the discovery of new modes of action of chemicals with low environmental impact, biological control agents with reliable and persistent activity, as well as the development of new plant varieties with durable disease resistance. This book is a collection of invited lectures given at the 9th International Congress of Plant Pathology (ICPP 2008), held in Torino, August 24-29, 2008 and is part of a series of volumes on Plant Pathology in the 21st Century. It focuses on new developments of disease management and provides an updated overview of the state of the art given by world experts in the different fields of disease management. The different chapters deal with basic aspects of disease management, mechanisms of action of biological control agents, innovation in fungicide application, exploitation of natural compounds and resistance strategies. Moreover, the management of soil-borne diseases and disease management in organic farming are covered.

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach

Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-10-10
ISBN : 0309259339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops.

Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat

Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat Book
Author : Munir Ozturk,Alvina Gul
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-03
ISBN : 0128195673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat is the first book to present the full scope of research in wheat improvement, revealing the correlations to global issues including climate change and global warming which contribute to food security issues. Wheat plays a key role in the health of the global economy. As the world population continuously increases, economies modernize, and incomes rise, wheat production will have to increase dramatically to secure it as a reliable and sustainable food source. Since covering more land area with wheat crops is not a sustainable option, future wheat crops must have consistently higher yields and be able to resist and/or tolerate biotic and abiotic stresses that result from climate change. Addressing the biophysical and socioeconomic constraints of producing high-yielding, disease-resistant, and good quality wheat, this book will aid in research efforts to increase and stabilize wheat production worldwide. Written by an international team of experts, Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat is an excellent resource for academics, researchers, and students interested in wheat and grain research, especially as it is relevant to food security. Covers a wide range of disciplines, including plant breeding, genetics, agronomy, physiology, pathology, quantitative genetics and genomics, biotechnology and gene editing Explores the effect of climate change on biotic stresses (stripe rust, stem rust, leaf rust, Karnal bunt, spot blotch) on wheat production and utilization of biotechnology Focuses on whole genome sequencing and next-generation sequencing technologies to improve wheat quality and address the issue of malnutrition in developing world

Biotechnology and Plant Disease Management

Biotechnology and Plant Disease Management Book
Author : Zamir K. Punja,S. H. De Boer,Hélène Sanfaçon
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 1845933109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As agricultural production increases to meet the demands of a growing world population, so has the pace of biotechnology research to combat plant disease. Diseases can be caused by a variety of complex plant pathogens including fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes, and their management requires the use of techniques in transgenic technology, biochemistry and genetics. While texts exist on specific pathogens or management practices, a comprehensive review is needed of recent developments in modern techniques and the understanding of how pathogens cause disease. This collection of studies discusses the key approaches to managing each group of pathogens within the context of recent developments in biotechnology. Broad themes include microbe-plant interactions, molecular diagnostics of plant pathogens and enhancing the resistance of plants.

Biocontrol Mechanisms of Endophytic Microorganisms

Biocontrol Mechanisms of Endophytic Microorganisms Book
Author : Radhakrishnan E.K,Ajay Kumar,Aswani Raveendran
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-11-23
ISBN : 0323884792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocontrol Mechanisms of Endophytic Microorganisms introduces endophytic microorganisms, colonization, diversity and distribution, describes the isolation and identification of endophytic microorganisms by traditional cultivation and by next generation sequencing technologies, and covers biocontrol mechanisms, bacterial priming, endophytic based methods, the significance on fungi, and metabolite based formulations. The book concludes with chapters on biofilms, microbiota and safety issues of microorganisms. The intensive use of chemicals to control these plant pathogens has resulted in negative consequences such as the release of toxic chemicals in the environment, reduced soil fertility and human health problems. Therefore, environmentally-friendly and sustainable replacement of chemical fertilizers or pesticides is highly challenging. Contains exclusive information about research on immunogenetics going on all over the world Includes all the minute and recent details that will be the prerequisite requirement for any researcher who wants to work on immunogenetics and its applications Comes fully-equipped with pictures, illustrations and tables, delivering the information in a meticulous manner that makes it more attractive to readers

Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Plant Diseases

Recent Advances in the Diagnosis and Management of Plant Diseases Book
Author : L.P. Awasthi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-19
ISBN : 8132225716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compilation of the most challenging and significant chapters on the diagnosis and management of important bacterial, fungal, viral, viroid, phytoplasma, non parasitic diseases and various physiological disorders, in various crops. The chapters have been contributed by eminent plant pathologists, having wide experience of teaching and research on various crops with different types of diseases, which cause great economic losses. The book would be very useful for students, teachers and researchers of plant pathology. This book highlights recent advances made in the development of new types of resistance in host plants and alternative strategies for managing plant diseases to improve food quality and reduce the negative public health impact associated with plant diseases. Having entered into 21st century advancements in the Diagnosis of Plant Pathogens and Plant Disease Management need to be closely examined and adequately applied, so that newer challenges facing plant pathology could be adequately addressed in attaining food security for the growing population. Substantial advancements have been made in terms of expanding knowledge base of the biology of plant-microbial interactions, disease management strategies and application and practice of Plant Pathology. Application of molecular biology in Plant Pathology has greatly improved our ability to detect plant pathogens and in increasing our understanding, their ecology and epidemiology. Similarly, new technologies and resources have been evolved for the development of sustainable crop protection systems by different control strategies against various pests and pathogens that are important components of the integrated pest management programme. Natural products and chemical compounds discovered as a result of basic research and molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis have led to the development of “biorational” pesticides. Biological control has been found to be the most significant approach to plant health management during the twentieth century and promises using modern biotechnology, to be even more significant in the twenty-first century.

Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens

Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens Book
Author : John A. Lucas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-02
ISBN : 1118893867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An updated guide to plant pathogens and their management The impact of plant disease is far-reaching. Its effects are felt not only in the spheres of agriculture and horticulture, but also in human health and wellbeing. The challenges of population growth, climate change and global food security all increase the need to protect crops from disease and reduce the losses caused by plant pathogens. This requires ongoing research and novel solutions, making the detailed analysis offered by Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens more relevant than ever. Striking a balance between laboratory- and field-based aspects of its subject, this revised fourth edition of the text places plant disease in a wide biological context. Its contents cover causal agents and diagnosis, host–pathogen interactions, and disease management, including breeding for resistance, chemical, biological and integrated control. New to this edition are updated sections on molecular epidemiology, biosecurity, pathogenomics, and the biotechnological advances that are helping scientists make great strides in the fight against plant disease. Authored by a leading authority on plant pathology Offers new coverage of recent advances in molecular genetics and genomics, biotechnology, and plant breeding Places emphasis on interaction biology and biological concepts, such as immunity and comparisons with animal systems Includes access to a supplementary website featuring slides of all figures in the book Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens is an ideal textbook for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in biology, botany, agricultural sciences, applied microbiology, plant-microbe interactions, and related subjects. It will also be a practical and enlightening resource for professionals in agricultural institutions, along with crop consultants seeking additional training or information.

Practical Tools for Plant and Food Biosecurity

Practical Tools for Plant and Food Biosecurity Book
Author : Maria Lodovica Gullino,James P. Stack,Jacqueline Fletcher,John D. Mumford
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-06
ISBN : 3319468979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on EU-funded project PLANTFOODSEC, covering intentional and unintentional threats to plant biosecurity and to food safety areas. Biosecurity is a strategic and integrated approach for analysing and managing relevant risks to human, animal and plant life and health, and associated risks to the environment. Interest in biosecurity has risen considerably over the last decade in parallel with the increasing trade in food and plant and animal products; higher levels of international travel; new outbreaks of transboundary diseases. Although most diseases outbreaks have natural causes or are the result of inadvertent introductions of pathogens through human activities, the risk of a deliberate introduction of a high consequence plant pathogen cannot be excluded. Vigilance is required to identify, prevent and manage new and emerging issues that could impact on production capacity, plant biosecurity or food safety and food chain resilience. /div

Emerging Technologies for Promoting Food Security

Emerging Technologies for Promoting Food Security Book
Author : Chandra Madramootoo
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-11-13
ISBN : 1782423532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Technologies for Promoting Food Security: Overcoming the World Food Crisis discusses rising energy prices, increased biofuel use, water scarcity, and the rising world population, all factors that directly affect worldwide food security. The book examines the range of approaches to promoting global food security, including novel and existing agricultural and husbandry techniques for safe and sustainable food production. It is divided into three parts beginning with an overview of food security, an analysis of key drivers of food insecurity, and nutrition and food security. Part Two examines emerging technologies for plant and animal food security, with subsequent chapters discussing topics from genetic and aquaculture technologies, pest and disease control, environmental and policy issues affecting food security, and an in-depth analysis of water management and methods to reduce post-harvest losses. Provides a comprehensive overview of food security Thoroughly discusses rising energy prices, increased biofuel use, water scarcity, and the rising world population, all factors that directly affect worldwide food security Covers the emerging technologies for plant and animal food security Analyzes the policy issues affecting food security

Biological Controls for Preventing Food Deterioration

Biological Controls for Preventing Food Deterioration Book
Author : Neeta Sharma
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2014-09-22
ISBN : 1118533062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Various biotic factors cause diseases in crops, which result infood losses. Historically pesticide development has beeninstructive to us in terms of the benefits derived as well as thehazards that accompany their indiscriminate use. The application offertilizers and pesticides to crops has become a norm inagricultural production, but this has led to resurgence in pests asthey have developed resistance to such chemicals. Biologicalcontrol of plant pests and pathogens is part of the solution tothis problem. This is an area that continues to inspire researchand development. It is also the foundation on which sustainable,non-polluting pest control for tomorrow’s farms must bebuilt. Biological Controls for PreventingFoodDeterioration provides readers with options ofnon-chemical, eco-friendly, environmentally safe naturalalternatives to prevent food from spoilage at pre- and postharveststages. It covers the principles behind these techniques and theirimplementation. By integrating theory and practice, this bookdiscusses the potential and associated problems in the developmentof non-chemical alternatives to protect food and addresses thecommon hurdles that need to be overcome to enable commercializationand registration of natural products for combating diseases. Focussing on plant foods, this timely book is unique in scope asit offers an international perspective on food deterioration causedby bacterial, fungal, viral, and mycotoxin contamination. It bringstogether highly respected scientists from differingyetcomplementary disciplines in one unified work that is importantreading for food safety professionals, researchers andstudents.

Principles of Plant Disease Management

Principles of Plant Disease Management Book
Author : William E. Fry
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080918301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is intended to provide a substantive treatment of plant disease management for graduate and undergraduate students in which theoretical and practical elements are combined. Reference is made to specific diseases and control practices to illustrate basic principles or strategies. The section on epidemiology includes a chapter in which arthropod vectors (aphids, leafhoppers, whiteflies, Coleoptera and mites) are briefly discussed, and the section on control includes references to the use of crop varieties with resistance to such vectors, and also contains information on mechanical, cultural, biological and chemical measures that contribute to vector control. The technology of disease management is presented according to epidemiological principles. Sections on diagnosis, epidemiology, environmental factors, disease forecasting, disease control (exclusion, physical, chemical and biological), plant resistance, cultural modifications to suppress epidemics, effects of chemicals and their major groups and uses, and examples of disease management in practice are included. A bibliography and index are appended.