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Fluorine And Health

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Fluorine and Health

Fluorine and Health Book
Author : Alain Tressaud,Gunter Haufe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-06-06
ISBN : 9780080558110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluorine and Health presents a critical multidisciplinary overview on the contribution of fluorinated compounds to resolve the important global issue of medicinal monitoring and health care. The involved subjects are organized in three thematic parts devoted to Molecular Imaging, Biomedical Materials and Pharmaceuticals. Initially the key-position of partially fluorinated low molecular weight compounds labelled either with the natural 19F-isotope for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) or labelled with the radioactive [18F]-isotope for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is highlighted. Both non-invasive methods belong to the most challenging in vivo imaging techniques in oncology, neurology and in cardiology for the diagnosis of diseases having the highest mortality in the industrialized countries. The manifold facets of fluorinated biomaterials range from inorganic ceramics to perfluorinated organic molecules. Liquid perfluorocarbons are suitable for oxygen transport and as potential respiratory gas carriers, while fluorinated polymers are connected to the pathology of blood vessels. Another important issue concerns the application of highly fluorinated liquids in ophthalmology. Moreover, fluorine is an essential trace element in bone mineral, dentine and tooth enamel and is applied for the prophylaxis and treatment of dental caries. The various origins of human exposure to fluoride species is detailed to promote a better understanding of the effect of fluoride species on living organisms. Medicinally relevant fluorinated molecules and their interactions with native proteins are the main focus of the third part. New molecules fluorinated in strategic position are crucial for the development of pharmaceuticals with desired action and optimal pharmacological profile. Among the hundreds of marketed active drug components there are more than 150 fluorinated compounds. The chapters will illustrate how the presence of fluorine atoms alters properties of bioactive compounds at various biochemical steps, and possibly facilitate its emergence as pharmaceuticals. Finally the synthetic potential of a fluorinase, the first C-F bond forming enzyme, is summarized. - New approach of topics involving chemistry, biology and medicinal techniques - Transdisciplinar papers on fluoride products - Importance of fluoride products in health - Updated data on specific topics

Fluorine

Fluorine Book
Author : Professor Victor Preedy
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2015-04-29
ISBN : 1849738882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluorine is best known for its role in the prevention of cavities and in improving oral and bone health however equally there are millions of people around the world suffering from dental fluorosis due to chronic exposure to high levels of fluoride in drinking water. This volume, written by leading researchers in this area, examines the positives and negatives of fluorine and its effects on humans for example fluoride-induced oxidative stress in the liver, effects of fluoride on insulin and preventing fluoride toxicity. Extremely useful for underpinning cross-disciplinary fluorine research, this book provides a fascinating insight for those with an interest in the health and nutritional sciences.

Fluoride in Drinking Water

Fluoride in Drinking Water Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Fluoride in Drinking Water
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-01-22
ISBN : 030910128X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most people associate fluoride with the practice of intentionally adding fluoride to public drinking water supplies for the prevention of tooth decay. However, fluoride can also enter public water systems from natural sources, including runoff from the weathering of fluoride-containing rocks and soils and leaching from soil into groundwater. Fluoride pollution from various industrial emissions can also contaminate water supplies. In a few areas of the United States fluoride concentrations in water are much higher than normal, mostly from natural sources. Fluoride is one of the drinking water contaminants regulated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) because it can occur at these toxic levels. In 1986, the EPA established a maximum allowable concentration for fluoride in drinking water of 4 milligrams per liter, a guideline designed to prevent the public from being exposed to harmful levels of fluoride. Fluoride in Drinking Water reviews research on various health effects from exposure to fluoride, including studies conducted in the last 10 years.

Fluorine and Dental Health

Fluorine and Dental Health Book
Author : Joseph Charles Muhler,Maynard K. Hine
Publisher : Associated Faculty PressInc
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluorine and Dental Health book written by Joseph Charles Muhler,Maynard K. Hine, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fluorine Chemistry

Fluorine Chemistry Book
Author : J.H. Simons
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323142451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluorine Chemistry, Volume IV provides an extensive survey and discussion on the physiological properties of fluoride ion and substances capable of producing it in aqueous solution. This book elaborates the detrimental effects of excessive fluoride ingestion, through the beneficial effects of optimal amounts, to recognized detrimental effects, such as dental caries accompanied by suboptimal fluoride intake. Fluoride metabolism is discussed in detail, including the capacity for storage of fluoride by the bones and rates of excretion of fluoride from the body. This text also covers the relation of fluoride ion to the health of teeth and bones. This publication is a good source for chemists and clinicians intending to acquire knowledge of the biological effects of fluoride.

Fluoride in Drinking water

Fluoride in Drinking water Book
Author : John Kirtley Fawell,Kenneth Bailey,World Health Organization,J. Chilton,E. Dahi
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9241563192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluoride is known to occur at elevated concentration in a number of parts of the world, where it can be a significant cause of disease. The primary focus of this book is the prevention of adverse health effects from excessive levels of fluoride in drinking water. The book fills the urgent need, identified for updating the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, for information on the occurrence of fluoride, its health effects, ways of reducing excess levels, and methods for analysis of fluoride in water. The draft document, produced by a working group of experts convened to consider protection from fluoride and its control, was issued for extensive review and consultation. The resultant book, which incorporates the comments received, was further peer reviewed by experts in developed and developing countries. It is aimed at a wide range of individuals, including health workers and sanitary engineers who may require a broad introduction to the subject with more detailed guidance in some specific areas. Fluoride in Drinking-waterwill be an invaluable reference source for all those concerned with the management of drinking water containing fluoride and the health effects arising from its consumption, including water sector managers and practitioners, as well as health sector staff at policy and implementation levels. It will also be of interest to researchers, students, development workers, and consultants.

The Fluoride Wars

The Fluoride Wars Book
Author : R. Allan Freeze,Jay H. Lehr
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-29
ISBN : 9780470463673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A lively account of fluoridation and its discontents Since its first implementation in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1945, public drinking water fluoridation and its attendant conflicts, controversies, and conspiracy theories serve as an object lesson in American science, public health, and policymaking. In addition to the arguments on the issue still raging today, the tale of fluoridation and its discontents also resonates with such present concerns as genetically modified foods, global warming response, nuclear power, and environmental regulation. Offering the best current thinking on the issue, The Fluoride Wars presents a witty and detailed social history of the fluoridation debate in America, illuminating the intersection of science and politics in our recent past. This reader-friendly assessment explores the pro- and anti-fluoridation movements, key players, and important events. Full of amusing and vivid anecdotes and examples, this accessible recounting includes: A careful and non-condescending look at the hard science, popular science, pseudo-science, and junk science involved A look at fluoride issues including dosage, cost, financial and funding interests, fluorosis, and problems of risk-cost-benefit analysis The back-and-forth drama between pro- and anti-fluoridation factions, with all its claims, counterclaims, insults, acrimony, and lawsuits Case studies of various cities and their experiences with municipal water fluoridation initiatives Fluorophobia and popular conspiracy theories involving fluoride The colorful characters in the debate including activists, scientists, magicians, and politicians A richly and considerately told tale of American science and public life, The Fluoride Wars offers an engrossing history to both interested general readers and specialists in public health, dentistry, policymaking, and related fields.

Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium Phosphorus Magnesium Vitamin D and Fluoride

Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium  Phosphorus  Magnesium  Vitamin D  and Fluoride Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1999-10-17
ISBN : 0309063507
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1941, Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) has been recognized as the most authoritative source of information on nutrient levels for healthy people. Since publication of the 10th edition in 1989, there has been rising awareness of the impact of nutrition on chronic disease. In light of new research findings and a growing public focus on nutrition and health, the expert panel responsible for formulation RDAs reviewed and expanded its approach--the result: Dietary Reference Intakes. This new series of references greatly extends the scope and application of previous nutrient guidelines. For each nutrient the book presents what is known about how the nutrient functions in the human body, what the best method is to determine its requirements, which factors (caffeine or exercise, for example) may affect how it works, and how the nutrient may be related to chronic disease. The first volume of Dietary Reference Intakes includes calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, and fluoride. The second book in the series presents information about thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, and choline. Based on analysis of nutrient metabolism in humans and data on intakes in the U.S. population, the committee recommends intakes for each age group--from the first days of life through childhood, sexual maturity, midlife, and the later years. Recommendations for pregnancy and lactation also are made, and the book identifies when intake of a nutrient may be too much. Representing a new paradigm for the nutrition community, Dietary Reference Intakes encompasses: Estimated Average Requirements (EARs). These are used to set Recommended Dietary Allowances. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs). Intakes that meet the RDA are likely to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all individuals in a life-stage and gender group. Adequate Intakes (AIs). These are used instead of RDAs when an EAR cannot be calculated. Both the RDA and the AI may be used as goals for individual intake. Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs). Intakes below the UL are unlikely to pose risks of adverse health effects in healthy people. This new framework encompasses both essential nutrients and other food components thought to pay a role in health, such as dietary fiber. It incorporates functional endpoints and examines the relationship between dose and response in determining adequacy and the hazards of excess intake for each nutrient.

Fluoridation Facts

Fluoridation Facts Book
Author : American Dental Association
Publisher : American Dental Association
Release : 2018-03-05
ISBN : 1684470064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All-in-one resource in for everything related to fluoridated water, from its impact on dental health to its safety and cost-effectiveness. Dispelling common myths that fluoridation is dangerous, this book provides science-backed information based on the most current research in Q&A format. This is the most in-depth and up-to-date educational resource available regarding fluoridated water, from the American Dental Association.

The Role of Fluoride in Public Health

The Role of Fluoride in Public Health Book
Author : University of Cincinnati. College of Medicine. Kettering Laboratory of Applied Physiology,Cincinnati (Ohio). University. College of Medicine. Kettering Laboratory of Applied Physiology,Irene R. Campbell
Publisher : Cincinnati, Ohio : Kettering Laboratory, College of Medicine, University of Cincinnati
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Role of Fluoride in Public Health book written by University of Cincinnati. College of Medicine. Kettering Laboratory of Applied Physiology,Cincinnati (Ohio). University. College of Medicine. Kettering Laboratory of Applied Physiology,Irene R. Campbell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fluorosis

Fluorosis Book
Author : Edward J. Largent
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1961
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluorosis book written by Edward J. Largent, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Case Against Fluoride

The Case Against Fluoride Book
Author : Paul H. Connett,James S. Beck,H. S. Micklem
Publisher : Chelsea Green Publishing
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1603582878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Argues that the fluoridation of the American water system is both unnecessary and dangerous.

Toxicological Profile for Fluorides Hydrogen Fluoride and Fluorine Update

Toxicological Profile for Fluorides  Hydrogen Fluoride  and Fluorine  Update  Book
Author : Carolyn A. Tylenda
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2011-05
ISBN : 1437930778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine. Fluorides are often added to drinking water supplies and a variety of dental compounds. Some fluoride compounds are also used in the production of glass and enamel and in the steel industry. Fluorine gas is used primarily to make chemical compounds used in separating isotopes of uranium for use in nuclear reactors and nuclear weapons. Hydrogen fluoride is used in the manufacture of fluorocarbons, which are used as refrigerants, solvents, and aerosols. This profile includes: (A) The examination, summary, and interpretation of available toxicologic information and epidemiologic evaluations on fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine to ascertain the levels of significant human exposure for the substance and the associated acute, subacute, and chronic health effects; (B) A determination of whether adequate information on the health effects of fluorides, hydrogen fluoride, and fluorine is available or in the process of development to determine levels of exposure that present a significant risk to human health of acute, subacute, and chronic health effects; and (C) Where appropriate, identification of toxicologic testing needed to identify the types or levels of exposure that may present significant risk of adverse health effects in humans. Tables and figures. This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication.

Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride

Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Subcommittee on Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1993-02-01
ISBN : 030904975X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the effects on health of fluoride ingested from various sources. Those health effects reviewed include dental fluorosis; bone fracture; effects on renal, reproductive, and gastrointestinal systems; and genotoxicity and carcinogenicity. The book also reviews the Environmental Protection Agency's current drinking-water standard for fluoride and considers future research needs.

Review of Fluoride Benefits and Risks

Review of Fluoride Benefits and Risks Book
Author : United States. Public Health Service. Committee to Coordinate Environmental Health and Related Programs. Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Fluoride
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Review of Fluoride Benefits and Risks book written by United States. Public Health Service. Committee to Coordinate Environmental Health and Related Programs. Ad Hoc Subcommittee on Fluoride, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States 1999 2004

Prevalence and Severity of Dental Fluorosis in the United States  1999 2004 Book
Author : Eugenio D. Beltrán-Aguilar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Dental fluorosis refers to changes in the appearance of tooth enamel that are caused by long-term ingestion of fluoride during the time teeth are forming. Studies conducted in the 1930s showed that the severity of tooth decay was lower and dental fluorosis was higher in areas with more fluoride in the drinking water. In response to these findings, community water fluoridation programs were developed to add fluoride to drinking water to reach an optimal level for preventing tooth decay, while limiting the chance of developing dental fluorosis. By the 1980s, studies in selected U.S. communities reported an increase in dental fluorosis, paralleling the expansion of water fluoridation and the increased availability of other sources of ingested fluoride, such as fluoride toothpaste (if swallowed) and fluoride supplements. This report describes the prevalence of dental fluorosis in the United States and changes in the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis among adolescents between 1986-1987 and 1999-2004. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004 and the 1986-1987 National Survey of Oral Health in U.S. School Children."--Page 1.

Appropriate Use of Fluorides for Human Health

Appropriate Use of Fluorides for Human Health Book
Author : John J. Murray,World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Appropriate Use of Fluorides for Human Health book written by John J. Murray,World Health Organization, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fluorine in Dental Public Health

Fluorine in Dental Public Health Book
Author : New York Institute of Clinical Oral Pathology
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1945
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluorine in Dental Public Health book written by New York Institute of Clinical Oral Pathology, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nutrition and Bone Health

Nutrition and Bone Health Book
Author : Michael F. Holick,Jeri W. Nieves
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1493920014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This newly revised edition contains updated versions of all of the topics that were in the first edition and has been substantially expanded with an additional 5 chapters. Each chapter includes information from the most up-to-date research on how nutritional factors can affect bone health, written with an evidence-based focus and complete with comprehensive references for each subject. Nutrition and Bone Health, second edition covers all aspects of nutrition and the skeleton, from the history and fundamentals, to the effects of macronutrients, minerals, vitamins, and supplements, and even covers the effects of lifestyle, the different life stages, and nutrition-related disorders and secondary osteoporosis. New chapters include HIV & AIDs and the skeleton, celiac disease and bone health, and nutrition and bone health in space. Nutrition and Bone Health, second edition is a necessary resource for health care professionals, medical students, graduate students, dietitians, and nutritionists who are interested in how nutrition affects bone health during all stages of life.

Review of Literature on Health Hazards of Fluorine and Its Compounds in the Mining and Allied Industries

Review of Literature on Health Hazards of Fluorine and Its Compounds in the Mining and Allied Industries Book
Author : Sara Jeannette Davenport,G. G. Morgis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1954
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Review of Literature on Health Hazards of Fluorine and Its Compounds in the Mining and Allied Industries book written by Sara Jeannette Davenport,G. G. Morgis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.