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Fluid Concepts And Creative Analogies

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Fluid Concepts And Creative Analogies

Fluid Concepts And Creative Analogies Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter,Fluid Analogies Research Group
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995-02-08
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes research projects in cognitive science over the past twenty years, and discusses arithmetical play, analogy, research evaluation, and creativity

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780140258356
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hosftadter and his colleagues at The Fluid Analogies Research Group have developed computer models that help describe and explain human discovery, creation and analogical thought. The key issue of perception is investigated through the exploration of playful anagrams, number puzzles, word play and fanciful alphabetical styles, and the result is a survey of cognitive processes. This text presents the results.

Fluid Concepts Creative Analogies

Fluid Concepts   Creative Analogies Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter,Fluid Analogies Research Group
Publisher : Basic Books (AZ)
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9780465024759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes research projects in cognitive science over the past twenty years, and discusses arithmetical play, analogy, research evaluation, and creativity

Surfaces and Essences

Surfaces and Essences Book
Author : Douglas R Hofstadter,Emmanuel Sander
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2013-04-23
ISBN : 0465021581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analogy is the core of all thinking. This is the simple but unorthodox premise that Pulitzer Prize -- winning author Douglas Hofstadter and French psychologist Emmanuel Sander defend in their new work. Hofstadter has been grappling with the mysteries of human thought for over thirty years. Now, with his trademark wit and special talent for making complex ideas vivid, he has partnered with Sander to put forth a highly novel perspective on cognition. We are constantly faced with a swirling and intermingling multitude of ill-defined situations. Our brain's job is to try to make sense of this unpredictable, swarming chaos of stimuli. How does it do so? The ceaseless hail of input triggers analogies galore, helping us to pinpoint the essence of what is going on. Often this means the spontaneous evocation of words, sometimes idioms, sometimes the triggering of nameless, long-buried memories. Why did two-year-old Camille proudly exclaim, "I undressed the banana!"? Why do people who hear a story often blurt out, "Exactly the same thing happened to me!" when it was a completely different event? How do we recognize an aggressive driver from a split-second glance in our rearview mirror? What in a friend's remark triggers the offhand reply, "That's just sour grapes"? What did Albert Einstein see that made him suspect that light consists of particles when a century of research had driven the final nail in the coffin of that long-dead idea? The answer to all these questions, of course, is analogy-making -- the meat and potatoes, the heart and soul, the fuel and fire, the gist and the crux, the lifeblood and the wellsprings of thought. Analogy-making, far from happening at rare intervals, occurs at all moments, defining thinking from top to toe, from the tiniest and most fleeting thoughts to the most creative scientific insights. Like Gö, Escher, Bach before it, Surfaces and Essences will profoundly enrich our understanding of our own minds. By plunging the reader into an extraordinary variety of colorful situations involving language, thought, and memory, by revealing bit by bit the constantly churning cognitive mechanisms normally completely hidden from view, and by discovering in them one central, invariant core -- the incessant, unconscious quest for strong analogical links to past experiences -- this book puts forth a radical and deeply surprising new vision of the act of thinking.

I Am a Strange Loop

I Am a Strange Loop Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2007-08-01
ISBN : 0465008372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Can thought arise out of matter? Can self, soul, consciousness, “I” arise out of mere matter? If it cannot, then how can you or I be here? I Am a Strange Loop argues that the key to understanding selves and consciousness is the “strange loop”—a special kind of abstract feedback loop inhabiting our brains. The most central and complex symbol in your brain is the one called “I.” The “I” is the nexus in our brain, one of many symbols seeming to have free will and to have gained the paradoxical ability to push particles around, rather than the reverse. How can a mysterious abstraction be real—or is our “I” merely a convenient fiction? Does an “I” exert genuine power over the particles in our brain, or is it helplessly pushed around by the laws of physics? These are the mysteries tackled in I Am a Strange Loop, Douglas Hofstadter's first book-length journey into philosophy since Gödel, Escher, Bach. Compulsively readable and endlessly thought-provoking, this is a moving and profound inquiry into the nature of mind.

Metamagical Themas

Metamagical Themas Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher : Basic Books
Release : 2008-08-04
ISBN : 0786723866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hofstadter's collection of quirky essays is unified by its primary concern: to examine the way people perceive and think.

Analogy making as Perception

Analogy making as Perception Book
Author : Melanie Mitchell
Publisher : Bradford Books
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9780262132893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The psychologist William James observed that "a native talent for perceiving analogies is ... the leading fact in genius of every order." The centrality and the ubiquity of analogy in creative thought have been noted again and again by scientists, artists, and writers, and understanding and modeling analogical thought have emerged as two of the most important challenges for cognitive science. Analogy-Making as Perception is based on the premise that analogy-making is fundamentally a high-level perceptual process in which the interaction of perception and concepts gives rise to "conceptual slippages" which allow analogies to be made. It describes Copycat - a computer model of analogymaking, developed by the author with Douglas Hofstadter, that models the complex, subconscious interaction between perception and concepts that underlies the creation of analogies. In Copycat, both concepts and high-level perception are emergent phenomena, arising from large numbers of low-level, parallel, non-deterministic activities. In the spectrum of cognitive modeling approaches, Copycat occupies a unique intermediate position between symbolic systems and connectionist systems a position that is at present the most useful one for understanding the fluidity of concepts and high-level perception. On one level the work described here is about analogy-making, but on another level it is about cognition in general. It explores such issues as the nature of concepts and perception and the emergence of highly flexible concepts from a lower-level "subcognitive" substrate. Melanie Mitchell, Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan, is a Fellow of the Michigan Society of Fellows. She is also Director of the Adaptive Computation Program at the Santa Fe Institute.

Le Ton Beau de Marot

Le Ton Beau de Marot Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher : Basic Books (AZ)
Release : 1998-05
ISBN : 9780465086450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analyzes the various translations of an obscure French poem to show the endless complexity of humans and their languages

Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds

Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds Book
Author : Antonio Lieto
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-03-31
ISBN : 1315460513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive Design for Artificial Minds explains the crucial role that human cognition research plays in the design and realization of artificial intelligence systems, illustrating the steps necessary for the design of artificial models of cognition. It bridges the gap between the theoretical, experimental, and technological issues addressed in the context of AI of cognitive inspiration and computational cognitive science. Beginning with an overview of the historical, methodological, and technical issues in the field of cognitively inspired artificial intelligence, Lieto illustrates how the cognitive design approach has an important role to play in the development of intelligent AI technologies and plausible computational models of cognition. Introducing a unique perspective that draws upon Cybernetics and early AI principles, Lieto emphasizes the need for an equivalence between cognitive processes and implemented AI procedures, in order to realize biologically and cognitively inspired artificial minds. He also introduces the Minimal Cognitive Grid, a pragmatic method to rank the different degrees of biological and cognitive accuracy of artificial systems in order to project and predict their explanatory power with respect to the natural systems taken as a source of inspiration. Providing a comprehensive overview of cognitive design principles in constructing artificial minds, this text will be essential reading for students and researchers of artificial intelligence and cognitive science.

G del Escher Bach

G  del  Escher  Bach Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher : Penguin Group(CA)
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780140289206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'What is a self and how can a self come out of inanimate matter?' This is the riddle that drove Douglas Hofstadter to write this extraordinary book. In order to impart his original and personal view on the core mystery of human existence - our intangible sensation of 'I'-ness - Hofstadter defines the playful yet seemingly paradoxical notion of 'strange loop', and explicates this idea using analogies from many disciplines.

The Mind s I

The Mind s I Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter,Daniel Clement Dennett
Publisher : Basic Books (AZ)
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780465030910
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essays from some of the 20th century's greatest thinkers explore topics as diverse as artificial intelligence, evolution, science fiction, philosophy, reductionism, and consciousness, presenting a variety of conflicting visions of the self and the soul. Illustrations.

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780745010656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter,Melanie Mitchell (Computer scientist),Robert Matthew French,University of Michigan. Cognitive Science and Machine Intelligence Laboratory
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies book written by Douglas R. Hofstadter,Melanie Mitchell (Computer scientist),Robert Matthew French,University of Michigan. Cognitive Science and Machine Intelligence Laboratory, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies

Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies Book
Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter,Fluid Analogies Research Group
Publisher : Lane, Allen
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780713991550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Om amerikanske forskeres arbejde med kognitiv videnskab og kunstig intelligens i forbindelse med udviklingen af nye computere

Artificial Intelligence and Literary Creativity

Artificial Intelligence and Literary Creativity Book
Author : Selmer Bringsjord,David Ferrucci
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1999-09-01
ISBN : 1135692459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Is human creativity a wall that AI can never scale? Many people are happy to admit that experts in many domains can be matched by either knowledge-based or sub-symbolic systems, but even some AI researchers harbor the hope that when it comes to feats of sheer brilliance, mind over machine is an unalterable fact. In this book, the authors push AI toward a time when machines can autonomously write not just humdrum stories of the sort seen for years in AI, but first-rate fiction thought to be the province of human genius. It reports on five years of effort devoted to building a story generator--the BRUTUS.1 system. This book was written for three general reasons. The first theoretical reason for investing time, money, and talent in the quest for a truly creative machine is to work toward an answer to the question of whether we ourselves are machines. The second theoretical reason is to silence those who believe that logic is forever closed off from the emotional world of creativity. The practical rationale for this endeavor, and the third reason, is that machines able to work alongside humans in arenas calling for creativity will have incalculable worth.

The Emotion Machine

The Emotion Machine Book
Author : Marvin Minsky
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2007-11-13
ISBN : 1416579303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this mind-expanding book, scientific pioneer Marvin Minsky continues his groundbreaking research, offering a fascinating new model for how our minds work. He argues persuasively that emotions, intuitions, and feelings are not distinct things, but different ways of thinking. By examining these different forms of mind activity, Minsky says, we can explain why our thought sometimes takes the form of carefully reasoned analysis and at other times turns to emotion. He shows how our minds progress from simple, instinctive kinds of thought to more complex forms, such as consciousness or self-awareness. And he argues that because we tend to see our thinking as fragmented, we fail to appreciate what powerful thinkers we really are. Indeed, says Minsky, if thinking can be understood as the step-by-step process that it is, then we can build machines -- artificial intelligences -- that not only can assist with our thinking by thinking as we do but have the potential to be as conscious as we are. Eloquently written, The Emotion Machine is an intriguing look into a future where more powerful artificial intelligences await.

Masters of Deception

Masters of Deception Book
Author : Al Seckel
Publisher : Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9781402705779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Celebrates the use of optical illusion in art, presenting the importance and uniqueness of such work, discussing such artists as Salvador Dalâi, M.C. Sesher, and Istvâan Orosz.

Milieus of Creativity

Milieus of Creativity Book
Author : Peter Meusburger,Joachim Funke,Edgar Wunder
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-03-10
ISBN : 1402098774
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Milieus of Creativity is the second volume in the book series Knowledge and Space. This book deals with spatial disparities of knowledge and the impact of environments, space and contexts on the production and application of knowledge. The contributions in this volume focus on the role of places, environments, and spatial contexts for the emergence and perpetuation of creativity. Is environment a social or a spatial phenomenon? Are only social factors relevant for the development of creativity or should one also include material artefacts and resources in its definition? How can we explain spatial disparities of creativity without falling victim to geodeterminism? This book offers insights from various disciplines such as environmental psychology, philosophy, and social geography. It presents the results of a research conference at Heidelberg University in September 2006, which was supported by the Klaus Tschira Foundation.

Artificial Minds

Artificial Minds Book
Author : Stan Franklin
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780262561099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Stan Franklin is the perfect tour guide through the contemporary interdisciplinary matrix of artificial intelligence, cognitive science, cognitive neuroscience, artificial neural networks, artificial life, and robotics that is producing a new paradigm of mind. Along the way, Franklin makes the case for a perspective that rejects a rigid distinction between mind and non-mind in favor of a continuum from less to more mind.

The Cruelest Miles The Heroic Story of Dogs and Men in a Race Against an Epidemic

The Cruelest Miles  The Heroic Story of Dogs and Men in a Race Against an Epidemic Book
Author : Gay Salisbury,Laney Salisbury
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2005-02-17
ISBN : 0393076210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A stirring tale of survival, thanks to man's best friend." —Seattle Times When a deadly diphtheria epidemic swept through Nome, Alaska, in 1925, the local doctor knew that without a fresh batch of antitoxin, his patients would die. The lifesaving serum was a thousand miles away, the port was icebound, and planes couldn't fly in blizzard conditions—only the dogs could make it. The heroic dash of dog teams across the Alaskan wilderness to Nome inspired the annual Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race and immortalized Balto, the lead dog of the last team whose bronze statue still stands in New York City's Central Park. This is the greatest dog story, never fully told until now.