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Firearm And Toolmark Identification

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Firearm and Toolmark Identification

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Book
Author : Ronald Nichols
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-07-14
ISBN : 0128134623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Firearm and Tool Mark Identification: The Scientific Reliability of the Forensic Science Discipline examines the scientific reliability of the firearm and tool mark identification discipline (FATM-ID). It answers two primary questions that are necessary to assess the reliability of FATM-ID, including 1) Do different tools produce different tool marks? and 2) Can a trained examiner reliably distinguish among them? Other books published on the topic have assumed these true and have simply discussed what is involved in the discipline. This book brings together the most recent studies, serving as a well-referenced, single resource that shows that FATM-ID is scientifically reliable. Intended primarily for firearm and tool mark examiners, this valuable resource serves as a primary requirement for the training of firearm and tool mark examiners. Finally, it will be a valuable resource for attorneys who are seeking to better understand the scientific reliability of FATM-ID. Written by a foremost expert in FATM-ID, the book provides a complete and scientific examination for anyone involved in firearm and tool mark identification. Provides a single resource that examines the scientific reliability of firearm and tool mark identification Covers the role of bias in the examination process and how it can impact the reliability of the final outcome Written by an expert in the field with over 25 years of firearm and tool mark experience

Firearm and Toolmark Examination and Identification

Firearm and Toolmark Examination and Identification Book
Author : Max M. Houck
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-10-17
ISBN : 0128006226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: "Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward." This volume, Firearm and Toolmark Examination and Identification, will serve as a graduate-level text for those studying and teaching firearm and toolmark examination and identification. It will also prove an excellent reference for forensic practitioner’s libraries or use in their casework. Coverage includes a wide variety of tools and toolmarks, analysis of gunshots, ammunition, gunshot wounds and professional issues they may encounter. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of firearms and toolmarks Contains information on a wide variety of tools and toolmarks Covers the analysis and interpretation of gunshots, ammunition and gunshot wounds Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, lab reports, and health and safety Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria Book
Author : RG. Nichols
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A review of the literature pertaining to identification criteria for firearms and toolmark identification was performed. Thirty-four articles were reviewed including empirical studies of consecutively manufactured barrels, firing pins, breechfaces, and assorted tools. Also reviewed were mathematical and computer models developed for the purpose of developing a standard identification criteria. These articles are reviewed in a format to allow interested parties to learn what has been done in the field so as to permit a better articulation of their own criteria for identification.

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria

Firearm and Toolmark Identification Criteria Book
Author : RG. Nichols
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An update to a previously published review of articles pertaining to firearmand toolmark identification criteria is presented. In this update, 22 additionalarticles were reviewed, including works of a general nature, studies criticallyassessing the theory of consecutive matching striations, empirical studiesinvolving various firearm components, toolmark studies, as well as articlesdiscussing the utility of statistics in the firearms and toolmark identificationdiscipline. These articles have been reviewed in a format to permit othersto learn what has been published in the field in an effort to educate interestedparties. Further, a discussion of the importance of articulation and communicationwithin the discipline is presented.

Forensic Firearm Examination

Forensic Firearm Examination Book
Author : Chris Monturo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0128145404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Firearm Examination provides the reader with a thorough understanding of theory, application, and process of firearm comparison. It is essential in the field of forensic firearm examination to not only understand the marks that examiners are observing, but more importantly learn where these marks come from during the manufacturing process. This book explores the various machining techniques utilized in the manufacturing process and the resulting marks left by those tools. This information will equip the examiner with the knowledge to answer questions posed by the legal system regarding the uniqueness or potential similarity of marks on firearms imparted to fired bullets and cartridge cases. Intended primarily for firearm and tool mark examiners, this valuable resource serves as a primary requirement for the training of firearm and tool mark examiners. Other forensic science disciplines who rely on pattern matching as a primary determining factor whether or not two objects may share a common source would also find utility in this work. Finally, it will be a valuable resource for attorneys who are seeking to understand better the scientific aspects of firearm identification. Written by a foremost expert in the field, Forensic Firearm Examination explores specific firearm manufacturing techniques and the resulting marks, which has not been covered in any book publication. Chris Monturo has over 23 years of experience as forensic firearm and tool mark examiner. Additionally, he is a distinguished member of the Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners (AFTE), a past member of the Scientific Working Group for Firearm and Tool Marks (SWGGUN), past member of the Organization of Scientific Area Subcommittees (OSAC) for firearm and tool marks and has instructed courses in machining for the firearm examiner in the United States and Internationally. Provides reader with a thorough understanding of theory, application, and process of firearm identification Topics include the manufacturing process of all components that interact with the bullet or case during firing, the nature of manufacturing and potential pitfalls, such as subclass

Battlefield Forensics for Persian Gulf States

Battlefield Forensics for Persian Gulf States Book
Author : Don Mikko,William Bailey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-13
ISBN : 0429765541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Battlefield Forensics for Persian Gulf States provides an illustrative reference of various weapons, toolmarks, headstamps, and other traits in order to identify the origins of a variety of guns, casings, and ammunition that can be found in the Middle East. Various conflicts in the region have led to innumerable weapons being used throughout the years. The lead author, Don Mikko, has investigated and examined firearms related items of evidence in countless crime scenes throughout the world. As the Chief of the Firearms Branch at the United States Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory (USACIL), Fort Gillem, Georgia, he recruited, trained, and competency tested military contractors deploying to various combat related areas of the world, those providing forensic firearm and toolmark identification support to local commanders. What was learned was that various foreign weapons and ammunition were being utilized in conflicts and by opposing forces. This book educates readers on the technical data for different types of firearms, ammunition, countries of origin, proof marks, penetrator information and the typical firearm markings imparted on fired cartridge cases, such as breech-face, firing pin, ejector, and extractor markings. Forensics and biometrics within the Persian Gulf have been leveraged since the early 1990s and many of the firearms and types of ammunition covered in this handbook are addressed in an effort to assist those on the ground who are required to be able to identify such items in various scenarios. The information contained within the book has proven to be effective on the battlefield and has helped shape combat operations. This handbook will serve as a useful reference not only to assist military and contractor personnel within the various combat locations but will also prove to be beneficial for law-enforcement, crime laboratory personnel, forensic firearm and toolmark examiners, crime scene investigators, students, practitioners, and civilian personnel throughout the world.

Firearm tool Mark Identification Reference Manual

Firearm tool Mark Identification Reference Manual Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Firearm tool Mark Identification Reference Manual book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics Book
Author : Brian J. Heard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-17
ISBN : 1119964776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The updated second edition of Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics includes recent developed analytical techniques and methodologies with a more comprehensive glossary, additional material, and new case studies. With a new chapter on the determination of bullet caliber via x-ray photography, this edition includes revised material on muzzle attachments, proof marks, non-toxic bullets, and gunshot residues. Essential reading for forensic scientists, firearms examiners, defense and prosecution practitioners, the judiciary, and police force, this book is also a helpful reference guide for undergraduate and graduate forensic science students.

An Empirical Study to Improve the Scientific Foundation of Forensic Firearm and Tool Mark Identification Utilizing 10 Consecutively Manufactured Slides

An Empirical Study to Improve the Scientific Foundation of Forensic Firearm and Tool Mark Identification Utilizing 10 Consecutively Manufactured Slides Book
Author : Thomas G. Fadul,Miami-Dade Police Department Crime Laboratory
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Miami-Dade Police Department Crime Laboratory conducted a research study on the repeatability and uniqueness of striations/impressions on fired cartridge casings fired in 10 consecutively manufactured 9mm Ruger slides to improve understanding of the accuracy, reliability, and measurement validity in the firearm and tool mark discipline of forensic science. The foundation of firearm and tool mark identification is that each firearm/tool, and through signature of identification (striation/impression) that is unique to that firearm/tool, and through the examination of the individual striations/impressions, the signature can be positively identified to the firearm/tool that produced it. The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Report questioned the repeatability and uniqueness of striations/impressions left on fired evidence as well as the validity and error rate in firearms identification. This study analyzed the repeatability and uniqueness of striations/impressions on fired cartridge cases fired in 10 consecutively manufactured Ruger slides by analyzing breech face striations/impressions through an evaluation of the participants' accuracy in making correct identifications. One semi-automatic pistol and nine additional consecutively manufactured slides were utilized. Consecutively manufactured slides are significant to this study because they were manufactured with the same equipment/tools, one right after the other. Even though these slides were consecutively made, their signatures should be different. Test sets included test fired casings from each slide, as well as unknowns. Participants were firearm & tool mark examiners throughout the United States. One hundred and fifty-eight test sets were distributed to laboratories in forty-six states and the District of Columbia. The test sets were designed to determine an examiner's ability to correctly identify unknown cartridge casings fired from 10 consecutively manufactured Ruger Slides to test fired cartridge casings fired from the same slides. This empirical study established an error rate of less than 0.1 percent. Durability testing established that Ruger Slides maintained their individual signature after multiple firings.

Interpol s Forensic Science Review

Interpol s Forensic Science Review Book
Author : Niamh Nic Daeid,Max Houck
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-09
ISBN : 1439826595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every three years, worldwide forensics experts gather at the Interpol Forensic Science Symposium to exchange ideas and discuss scientific advances in the field of forensic science and criminal justice. Drawn from contributions made at the latest gathering in Lyon, France, Interpol's Forensic Science Review is a one-source reference providing a comp

Shooting Incident Reconstruction

Shooting Incident Reconstruction Book
Author : Michael G. Haag,Lucien C. Haag
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-10
ISBN : 0128193964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shooting Incident Reconstruction, Third Edition, offers a thorough explanation of matters from simple to complex to help the reader understand the factors surrounding ballistics, trajectory, and shooting scenes. Forensic scientists, law enforcement, and crime scene investigators are often tasked with reconstruction of events based on crime scene evidence, along with the subsequent analysis of that evidence. The use and misuse of firearms to perpetrate crimes from theft to murder necessitates numerous invitations to reconstruct shooting incidents. The discharge of firearms and the behavior of projectiles create many forms of physical evidence that, through proper testing and interpretation by a skilled forensic scientist, can establish what did and what did not occur. Written by the world's most well-respected shooting scene and ballistics experts, the book addresses the terminology, science, and factors involved in reconstructing shooting incident events to solve forensic cases. It covers the full range of related topics including: the range from which a firearm was discharged; the sequence of shots in a multiple discharge shooting incident; the position of a firearm at the moment of discharge; and the position of a victim at the moment of impact. The probable flight path of a projectile and the manner in which a firearm was discharged are also discussed. Case studies illustrate real-world application of technical concepts, supported by over 200 full-color diagrams and photographs. This book will be of value to practicing forensic scientists (firearm and toolmark examiners), ballistics experts, crime scene personnel, police departments, forensic consultants (generalists), attorneys and judges, medical examiners (coroners), and forensic pathologists. New chapters on special reconstructive properties and value of shootings involving sub-machine guns or pseudo automatic firearms, rate of fire with special attention on shot-to-shot time intervals, human factors in shooting incidents Updated and revised glossary terms to fit with new technology and the emergence of standardization of terms by groups such as the Organization of Scientific Advisory Committees Provides clear practice standards and ethical guidelines for those involved in reconstructing shooting scenes

Firearms the Law and Forensic Ballistics

Firearms  the Law  and Forensic Ballistics Book
Author : Tom Warlow
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-11-17
ISBN : 1439818282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While gun design has undergone only minimal change over the centuries, investigative tools surrounding firearm use have grown significantly in sophistication. Now in its third edition, Firearms, the Law, and Forensic Ballistics has been updated to reflect recently published research and new technology developed since the last volume. Beginning with

An Introduction to Crime Scene Investigation

An Introduction to Crime Scene Investigation Book
Author : Aric W. Dutelle
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2020-10-21
ISBN : 1284164675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Crime Scene Investigation, Fourth Edition is a comprehensive and accurate overview of the practical application of forensic science in crime scene investigation.

Criminal Dismemberment

Criminal Dismemberment Book
Author : Sue Black,Guy Rutty,Sarah V. Hainsworth,Grant Thomson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 1315355795
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Criminal Dismemberment is the first book to examine dismemberment as a phenomenon in the context of criminal acts. While the number of such dismemberment cases in any given country is often small, the notion of dismemberment captures the imagination, often leading many to question the motivations as to why anyone would perpetrate such an unnatural act. The act of dismemberment, in its original form, referred to cutting, tearing, pulling, wrenching or otherwise separating the limbs from a living being as a form a capital punishment. In today’s society, it has become associated most frequently with the criminal act of sectioning the remains of the dead in an attempt to conceal the death and dispose of the remains or make the process of identification of the deceased more difficult to achieve. Drawing on expertise from leading forensic anthropologists, pathologists, and forensic materials engineers, the book brings together much of the literature on criminal dismemberment—viewing it from the investigative, forensic, and social science perspectives. Key features include: Psychological analysis of the perpetrator Detailed examination of case studies, anonymized from recent investigations Difficulties encountered in a dismemberment investigation Tool mark analysis, including knives and saws, accompanied by over 120 detailed, full-color illustrations and photographs Serves as a unique and useful resource in the investigation of dismembered human remains The diverse backgrounds of the contributors offers a thorough account of such topics as the history of dismemberment, the forensic pathology in such cases, the importance of developing a common vocabulary in terminology used, the legal admissibility in dismemberment cases. As such, Criminal Dismemberment will serve as a comprehensive reference for students and practitioners alike.

Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice

Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice Book
Author : Kevin J. Strom,Matthew J. Hickman
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 1483354857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Uniting forensics, law, and social science in meaningful and relevant ways, Forensic Science and the Administration of Justice, by Kevin J. Strom and Matthew J. Hickman, is structured around current research on how forensic evidence is being used and how it is impacting the justice system. This unique book—written by nationally known scholars in the field—includes five sections that explore the demand for forensic services, the quality of forensic services, the utility of forensic services, post-conviction forensic issues, and the future role of forensic science in the administration of justice. The authors offer policy-relevant directions for both the criminal justice and forensic fields and demonstrate how the role of the crime laboratory in the American justice system is evolving in concert with technological advances as well as changing demands and competing pressures for laboratory resources.

THE COMPILATION

THE COMPILATION Book
Author : Charles Meyers
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release : 2014-07-29
ISBN : 1499048262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In our business, we are taught early in the game to be as specific as possible and explain our conclusions as clearly as possible. Is there an experienced crime laboratory analyst who has not asked an attorney to define a term used? So, if we use the word objective and we really mean numerical data or mathematical probability statement, let’s say so. If we mean photomicrographs, charts, or standards of comparison, let’s specify it. If we use the word intuitive to mean knowledge from experience, let’s spell it out. If we use the word subjective to mean human interpretation based on education, training, and experience, let’s say so. In other words, let’s try to say what we mean.

Forensic Science and Law

Forensic Science and Law Book
Author : Cyril H. Wecht,John T. Rago
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-12-22
ISBN : 1420058118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic science has undergone dramatic progress in recent years, including in the areas of DNA collection and analysis and the reconstruction of crime scenes. However, too few professionals are equipped with the knowledge necessary to fully apply the potential of science in civil, criminal, and family legal matters. Featuring contributions from renowned experts in the forensic, scientific, and legal professions, Forensic Science and Law: Investigative Applications in Criminal, Civil, and Family Justice communicates the wide range of methods and approaches used for achieving justice in these circumstances. A solid grounding in the underlying principles of our legal system provides a context for understanding how these methods are applied. The book brings together the words and thoughts of diverse professionals whose common goal is to uncover the truth. About the editors... Cyril H. Wecht, M.D., J.D., is actively involved as a medical-legal and forensic science consultant, author, and lecturer. Currently coroner of Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania, he is certified by the American Board of Pathology in anatomic, clinical, and forensic pathology and is a Fellow of the College of American Pathologists and the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. Dr. Wecht is a Clinical Professor at the University of Pittsburgh Schools of Medicine, Dental Medicine, and Graduate School of Public Health, an Adjunct Professor at Duquesne University Schools of Law, Pharmacy and Health Services, and a Distinguished Professor at Carlow University. He is a past president of both the American College of Legal Medicine and the American Academy of Forensic Sciences. Dr. Wecht is the author of more than 500 professional publications and has appeared as a guest on numerous national television and radio talk shows. John T. Rago, J.D., is Assistant Professor of Law at Duquesne University School of Law and the Director of both The Cyril H. Wecht Institute of Forensic Science and Law and the Law School’s Post-conviction DNA Project. He teaches criminal law and procedure to law students and graduate courses on wrongful convictions, foundations in American law and constitutional criminal procedure to students in the university’s Bayer School of Natural and Environmental Sciences. Professor Rago also serves as an appointed member to the Innocence Project’s Policy Group of the Cardozo School of Law in New York. He is admitted to practice before the Pennsylvania Supreme Court, the United States Supreme Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania.

Trends in Applied Intelligent Systems

Trends in Applied Intelligent Systems Book
Author : Nicolás García-Pedrajas,Francisco Herrera,Colin Fyfe,José Manuel Benítez Sánchez,Moonis Ali
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-01-22
ISBN : 364213033X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation The three volume set LNAI 6096, LNAI 6097, and LNAI 6098 constitutes the thoroughly refereed conference proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligend Systems, IEA/AIE 2010, held in Cordoba, Spain, in June 2010. The total of 119 papers selected for the proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 297 submissions.

Firearms the Law and Forensic Ballistics

Firearms  the Law  and Forensic Ballistics Book
Author : Margaret-Ann Armour
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-10-14
ISBN : 0203568222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Firearms, the Law, and Forensic Ballistics, Second Edition offers a comprehensive reference on the forensic science of firearms. It describes what happens when a weapon is fired in terms of internal, external, and terminal/ wound ballistics, and discusses the consequences for the forensic scientist both at the scene of the shooting and in the labor

Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists

Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists Book
Author : Colin Aitken,Franco Taroni
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-11-19
ISBN : 047001122X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Statistics and the Evaluation of Evidence for Forensic Scientists established itself as a highly regarded authority on this area. Fully revised and updated, the second edition provides significant new material on areas of current interest including: Glass Interpretation Fibres Interpretation Bayes’ Nets The title presents comprehensive coverage of the statistical evaluation of forensic evidence. It is written with the assumption of a modest mathematical background and is illustrated throughout with up-to-date examples from a forensic science background. The clarity of exposition makes this book ideal for all forensic scientists, lawyers and other professionals in related fields interested in the quantitative assessment and evaluation of evidence. 'There can be no doubt that the appreciation of some evidence in a court of law has been greatly enhanced by the sound use of statistical ideas and one can be confident that the next decade will see further developments, during which time this book will admirably serve those who have cause to use statistics in forensic science.' D.V. Lindley