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Fire Toxicity

Fire Toxicity Book
Author : A A Stec,T R Hull
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-12
ISBN : 184569807X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxic fire effluents are responsible for the majority of fire deaths, and an increasing large majority of fire injuries, driven by the widespread and increasing use of synthetic polymers. Fire safety has focused on preventing ignition and reducing flame spread through reducing the rate of heat release, while neglecting the important issue of fire toxicity. This is the first reference work on fire toxicity and the only scientific publication on the subject in the last 15 years. Assessment of toxic effects of fires is increasingly being recognised as a key factor in the assessment of fire hazards. This book raises important issues including the types of toxic effluents that different fires produce, their physiological effects, methods for generation and assessment of fire toxicity, current and proposed regulations and approaches to modelling the toxic impact of fires. The contributors to Fire toxicity represent an international team of the leading experts in each aspect of this challenging and important field. This book provides an important reference work for professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety engineers, and formulators of fire-safe materials. It will also prove invaluable to researchers in academia and industry. Investigates the controversial subject of toxic effluents as the cause of the majority of fire deaths and injuries Describes the different types of toxic effluents and the specific fires that they produce, their physiological effects and methods for generation Provides an overview of national and international fire safety regulations including current and proposed regulations such as a standardized framework for prediction of fire gas toxicity

Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire

Toxicity of Plastics and Rubber in Fire Book
Author : P. J. Fardell
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 1993
ISBN : 9781859570012
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report does not seek to single out synthetic polymers as a special case. It aims to provide an overview of the whole subject of combustion toxicity and threat to life, whilst supplying specific information on the most frequently encountered polymeric materials, and combustion products such as dioxins which have received high levels of media attention. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.

Fire Toxicity of Plastics

Fire Toxicity of Plastics Book
Author : Rapra Technology Limited
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780902348448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fire Toxicity of Plastics book written by Rapra Technology Limited, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fires Explosions and Toxic Gas Dispersions

Fires  Explosions  and Toxic Gas Dispersions Book
Author : Marc J. Assael,Konstantinos E. Kakosimos
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-02-23
ISBN : 9781439826768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Emergency Response Guidebook

Emergency Response Guidebook Book
Author : U.S. Department of Transportation
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2013-06-03
ISBN : 1626363765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Does the identification number 60 indicate a toxic substance or a flammable solid, in the molten state at an elevated temperature? Does the identification number 1035 indicate ethane or butane? What is the difference between natural gas transmission pipelines and natural gas distribution pipelines? If you came upon an overturned truck on the highway that was leaking, would you be able to identify if it was hazardous and know what steps to take? Questions like these and more are answered in the Emergency Response Guidebook. Learn how to identify symbols for and vehicles carrying toxic, flammable, explosive, radioactive, or otherwise harmful substances and how to respond once an incident involving those substances has been identified. Always be prepared in situations that are unfamiliar and dangerous and know how to rectify them. Keeping this guide around at all times will ensure that, if you were to come upon a transportation situation involving hazardous substances or dangerous goods, you will be able to help keep others and yourself out of danger. With color-coded pages for quick and easy reference, this is the official manual used by first responders in the United States and Canada for transportation incidents involving dangerous goods or hazardous materials.

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joseph O. Falkinham,Jerzy Galaj
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-03-05
ISBN : 0323852912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in the Toxicity of Construction and Building Materials presents the potential and toxic effects of building materials on human health, along with tactics on how to minimize exposure. Chapters are divided into four sections covering the toxicity of indoor environments, fire toxicity, radioactive materials, and toxicity from plastics, metals, asbestos, nanoparticles and construction wastes. Key chapters focus on the reduction of chemical emissions in houses with eco-labelled building materials and potential risks posed by indoor pollutants that may include volatile organic compounds (VOC), formaldehyde, semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOC), radon, NOx, asbestos and nanoparticles. Known illnesses and reactions that can be triggered by these toxic building materials include asthma, itchiness, burning eyes, skin irritations or rashes, nose and throat irritation, nausea, headaches, dizziness, fatigue, reproductive impairment, disruption of the endocrine system, impaired child development and birth defects, immune system suppression, and even cancer. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on human health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Presents coverage on fire toxicity and an evaluation of the radioactivity of building materials Includes several cases studies throughout and addresses current international standards

Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke

Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke Book
Author : Harry K. Hasegawa
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0803113862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Contains papers presented at a symposium held in Phoenix, Ariz. on Dec. 5, 1988 and sponsored by ASTM Committee E-5 on Fire Standards."-- Foreword. - "ASTM publication code number (PCN) 04-010820-31."--t.p. verso. - "ASTM Special Technical Publication 1081. - Includes bibliographical references and indexes. - Electronic reproduction; W. Conshohocken, Pa; ASTM International; 2011; Mode of access: World Wide Web; System requirements: Web browser; Access may be restricted to users at subscribing institutions.

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Arthur F. Grand,Charles A. Wilkie
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-04-05
ISBN : 9781420027099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume addresses the state of the art in fire retardancy studies and the need for fire retardant chemicals and fire-retarded polymers, while considering the interrelationship among polymer degradation, fire retardant efficacy, fire testing and environmental concerns. The work examines the principles of polymer science with respect to fire retardancy.

Fire Toxicity

Fire Toxicity Book
Author : Anna Stec
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2016-06
ISBN : 9780081014875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toxic fire effluents are responsible for the majority of fire deaths, and an increasing large majority of fire injuries, driven by the widespread and increasing use of synthetic polymers. Fire safety has focused on preventing ignition and reducing flame spread through reducing the rate of heat release, while neglecting the important issue of fire toxicity. This is the first reference work on fire toxicity and the only scientific publication on the subject in the last 15 years. Assessment of toxic effects of fires is increasingly being recognised as a key factor in the assessment of fire hazards. This book raises important issues including the types of toxic effluents that different fires produce, their physiological effects, methods for generation and assessment of fire toxicity, current and proposed regulations and approaches to modelling the toxic impact of fires. The contributors to Fire toxicity represent an international team of the leading experts in each aspect of this challenging and important field. This book provides an important reference work for professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety engineers, and formulators of fire-safe materials. It will also prove invaluable to researchers in academia and industry. Investigates the controversial subject of toxic effluents as the cause of the majority of fire deaths and injuries Describes the different types of toxic effluents and the specific fires that they produce, their physiological effects and methods for generation Provides an overview of national and international fire safety regulations including current and proposed regulations such as a standardized framework for prediction of fire gas toxicity

Annual Conference on Fire Research

Annual Conference on Fire Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Conference on Fire Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals

Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals Book
Author : National Research Council,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Toxicology,Committee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-04-18
ISBN : 0309145155
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the eighth volume in the series Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals, and reviews AEGLs for acrolein, carbon monoxide, 1,2-dichloroethene, ethylenimine, fluorine, hydrazine, peracetic acid, propylenimine, and sulfur dioxide for scientific accuracy, completeness, and consistency with the NRC guideline reports.

NIST Building Fire Research Laboratory Publications

NIST Building   Fire Research Laboratory Publications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download NIST Building Fire Research Laboratory Publications book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Polymer Green Flame Retardants

Polymer Green Flame Retardants Book
Author : Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Pantelis Kiliaris
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-08-14
ISBN : 0444538097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer Green Flame Retardants covers key issues regarding the response of polymers during fire, the mechanisms of their flame retardation, the regulations imposed on their use, and the health hazards arising from their combustion. Presenting the latest research developments, the book focuses in particular on nanocomposites, believed to be the most promising approach for producing physically superior materials with low flammability and ecological impact. The fire properties of nanocomposites of various matrixes and fillers are discussed, the toxicological characteristics of these materials are analyzed, addressing also their environmental sustainability. Edited by distinguished scientists, including an array of international industry and academia experts, this book will appeal to chemical, mechanical, environmental, material and process engineers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines, and generally to researchers developing commercially attractive and environmentally friendly fire-proof products. Provides recent findings on the manufacture of environmentally sustainable flame retardant polymeric materials Covers legislation and regulations concerning flame retarded polymeric material use Includes tables containing the fire properties of the most common polymeric materials

Conference Record of the 1989 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting

Conference Record of the 1989 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting Book
Author : IEEE Industry Applications Society. Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Conference Record of the 1989 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting book written by IEEE Industry Applications Society. Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions Fires and Toxic Releases

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions  Fires  and Toxic Releases Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-11-07
ISBN : 1118312988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Siting of permanent and temporary buildings in process areas requires careful consideration of potential effects of explosions and fires arising from accidental release of flammable materials. This book, which updates the 1996 edition, provides a single-source reference that explains the American Petroleum Institute (API) permanent (752) and temporary (753) building recommended practices and details how to implement them. New coverage on toxicity and updated standards are also highlighted. Practical and easy-to-use, this reliable guide is a must-have for implementing safe building practices.

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses

Fire Behavior of Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses Book
Author : John Krasny,William Parker,Vytenis Babrauskas
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-12-05
ISBN : 0080946879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The flammability of upholstered furniture is a major concern to engineers and others across a wide swath of organizations. This book was written to provide its audience with the science and engineering needed to better understand the combustibility of the products they manufacture, purchase, and try to extinguish. It addresses the science and engineering information needs of public and private sector fire technology personnel, including fire service students and officers, fire investigators, fire protection engineers, government officials; textile, chemical, and furniture industry personnel, or institutional furniture purchasers.

Authorization of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act

Authorization of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Authorization of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act book written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Space, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fire Technology Abstracts

Fire Technology Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fire Technology Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fire Research Abstracts and Reviews

Fire Research Abstracts and Reviews Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fire Research Abstracts and Reviews book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Toxicity of Building Materials

Toxicity of Building Materials Book
Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,Aleksandra Fucic
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-08-13
ISBN : 0857096354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning