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Finite Physical Dimensions Optimal Thermodynamics

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Finite Physical Dimensions Optimal Thermodynamics 1

Finite Physical Dimensions Optimal Thermodynamics 1 Book
Author : Michel Feidt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-08-28
ISBN : 0081023499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy and the environment are inextricably linked to the economy. Thermodynamics therefore seems to be a privileged tool in overcoming the constraints associated with optimization. This first volume reports on an original, contemporary approach leading to optimal solutions in the form of trend models, proving the existence of solutions which can then be refined in a more complete and sophisticated manner. The validation of the proposed methodology is realized through real-life examples (engines, heat pumps, refrigeration systems, etc.). However, the more fundamental aspects linked to the dynamics of the transfer and conversion of energy and matter are also explored, as well as the evolution which characterizes the second law of thermodynamics. This book presents recent advances, often still undergoing research, as well as structured exercises, and is therefore aimed at both students and researchers in the field of energetics. It proposes a view of the evolution of knowledge regarding the thermodynamics modeling of systems and processes It shows results and also the existence of optimum all and along the development It focuses on multidisciplinary approach that characterizes thermodynamics

Finite Physical Dimensions Optimal Thermodynamics 2

Finite Physical Dimensions Optimal Thermodynamics 2 Book
Author : Michel Feidt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-13
ISBN : 0081023871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Finite Physical Dimensions Optimal Thermodynamics: Complex Systems is the result of 30 years of teaching and research in the field of thermodynamics of systems and processes. It starts from FTT during the seventies (and P Chambadal approach in France), but also includes the equilibrium thermodynamics from Carnot and TPIL from Onsager. The book shows that thermodynamics proposes more realistic results than those obtained from equilibrium thermodynamics. Focusing on a multidisciplinary approach that characterizes thermodynamics, particularly the connection between transfer phenomena and conversion of energy, the book is ideal for those in industry. Presents a synthesis of years of teaching and research on the topic Proposes a view of the evolution of knowledge regarding the thermodynamics modeling of systems and processes Starts from FTT during the seventies (and P Chambadal approach in France), but also includes the equilibrium thermodynamics from Carnot and TPIL from Onsager

Carnot Cycle and Heat Engine Fundamentals and Applications

Carnot Cycle and Heat Engine Fundamentals and Applications Book
Author : Michel Feidt
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-07-03
ISBN : 3039288458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book results from a Special Issue related to the latest progress in the thermodynamics of machines systems and processes since the premonitory work of Carnot. Carnot invented his famous cycle and generalized the efficiency concept for thermo-mechanical engines. Since that time, research progressed from the equilibrium approach to the irreversible situation that represents the general case. This book illustrates the present state-of-the-art advances after one or two centuries of consideration regarding applications and fundamental aspects. The research is moving fast in the direction of economic and environmental aspects. This will probably continue during the coming years. This book mainly highlights the recent focus on the maximum power of engines, as well as the corresponding first law efficiency upper bounds.

New Frontiers in Sustainable Aviation

New Frontiers in Sustainable Aviation Book
Author : T. Hikmet Karakoc
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-27
ISBN : 3030807797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Frontiers in Sustainable Aviation book written by T. Hikmet Karakoc, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermodynamique optimale en dimensions physiques finies

Thermodynamique optimale en dimensions physiques finies Book
Author : FEIDT Michel
Publisher : Lavoisier
Release : 2013-06-01
ISBN : 2746295423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

La thermodynamique doit aujourd’hui s’adapter à une problématique plus large, le développement durable. Par le biais d’une approche originale utilisant des outils renouvelés, cet ouvrage apporte des réponses à ce challenge sous deux aspects : - un aspect applicatif, par la méthodologie d'optimisation sous contrainte, qui conduit à des solutions optimales faciles à comparer à l'existant, et dessine les voies et potentiels d'amélioration encore disponibles ; - un aspect fondamental, qui correspond à une vision nouvelle de la thermodynamique des machines et des systèmes. Le livre s'écarte de l'approche classique de thermodynamique de l'équilibre, développée par Carnot, pour adopter une méthode qui allie les descriptions des phénomènes dynamiques de transfert et de conversion. À ces aspects pratiques de la vie courante, s'ajoute une vision plus profonde et fondamentale du monde, en particulier la notion d'évolution, intimement liée au second principe de thermodynamique. L’auteur Ingénieur et physicien, Michel Feidt est enseignant-chercheur en thermodynamique et énergétique à l'université de Lorraine. Il anime aussi une équipe de recherche dédiée aux études des systèmes et procédés énergétiques.

Hierarchical Gas Gas Systems

Hierarchical Gas Gas Systems Book
Author : Ryszard Bartnik,Tomasz Wojciech Kowalczyk
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-11
ISBN : 3030692051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a thermodynamic and economic analysis of gas-gas systems in power plants, including combined heat and power systems, combined cooling, heat and power systems, hydrogen production facilities and compressed energy storage system. A configuration for high-temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactor is also used as a heat source for the cycle. The book compares different technologies, such as gas-steam and gas-gas systems, using optimized cases. It presents mathematical models that return optimal thermodynamic parameters of the cycles, and applies a novel continuous-time model in order to perform an economic analysis as well. This book utilizes numerous illustrations and worked examples to thoroughly explain the technologies discussed, making it relevant for researchers, market analysts, decision makers, power engineers and students alike.

Entropy Generation Minimization

Entropy Generation Minimization Book
Author : Adrian Bejan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1995-10-20
ISBN : 9780849396519
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the diverse and rapidly expanding field of Entropy Generation Minimization (EGM), the method of thermodynamic optimization of real devices. The underlying principles of the EGM method - also referred to as "thermodynamic optimization," "thermodynamic design," and "finite time thermodynamics" - are thoroughly discussed, and the method's applications to real devices are clearly illustrated. The EGM field has experienced tremendous growth during the 1980s and 1990s. This book places EGM's growth in perspective by reviewing both sides of the field - engineering and physics. Special emphasis is given to chronology and to the relationship between the more recent work and the pioneering work that outlined the method and the field. Entropy Generation Minimization combines the fundamental principles of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics. EGM applies these principles to the modeling and optimization of real systems and processes that are characterized by finite size and finite time constraints, and are limited by heat and mass transfer and fluid flow irreversibilities. Entropy Generation Minimization provides a straightforward presentation of the principles of the EGM method, and features examples that elucidate concepts and identify recent EGM advances in engineering and physics. Modern advances include the optimization of storage by melting and solidification; heat exchanger design; power from hot-dry-rock deposits; the on & off operation of defrosting refrigerators and power plants with fouled heat exchangers; the production of ice and other solids; the maximization of power output in simple power plant models with heat transfer irreversibilities; the minimization of refrigerator power input in simple models; and the optimal collection and use of solar energy.

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-16
ISBN : 0081025580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Third Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and the increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This third edition contains substantial revisions and modifications, with new material on catalytic reactors, sorption systems, sorbent or catalyst regenerators, dryers, and more. Presents a unified approach to the optimization and integration of energy systems Includes a large number of examples treating dynamical systems Provides exposition showing the power of thermodynamics Contains a large number of maximum power analyses and their extensions

Energy Optimization in Process Systems

Energy Optimization in Process Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-05-06
ISBN : 9780080914428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs. Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration. Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios. Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions

Entropy Generation Minimization

Entropy Generation Minimization Book
Author : Adrian Bejan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-10-29
ISBN : 1482239175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the diverse and rapidly expanding field of Entropy Generation Minimization (EGM), the method of thermodynamic optimization of real devices. The underlying principles of the EGM method - also referred to as "thermodynamic optimization," "thermodynamic design," and "finite time thermodynamics" - are thoroughly discussed, and the method's applications to real devices are clearly illustrated. The EGM field has experienced tremendous growth during the 1980s and 1990s. This book places EGM's growth in perspective by reviewing both sides of the field - engineering and physics. Special emphasis is given to chronology and to the relationship between the more recent work and the pioneering work that outlined the method and the field. Entropy Generation Minimization combines the fundamental principles of thermodynamics, heat transfer, and fluid mechanics. EGM applies these principles to the modeling and optimization of real systems and processes that are characterized by finite size and finite time constraints, and are limited by heat and mass transfer and fluid flow irreversibilities. Entropy Generation Minimization provides a straightforward presentation of the principles of the EGM method, and features examples that elucidate concepts and identify recent EGM advances in engineering and physics. Modern advances include the optimization of storage by melting and solidification; heat exchanger design; power from hot-dry-rock deposits; the on & off operation of defrosting refrigerators and power plants with fouled heat exchangers; the production of ice and other solids; the maximization of power output in simple power plant models with heat transfer irreversibilities; the minimization of refrigerator power input in simple models; and the optimal collection and use of solar energy.

Energy and the Environment

Energy and the Environment Book
Author : Adrian Bejan,Peter Vadász,Detlev G. Kröger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401145938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the state of the art at the interface between energy and environmental research. The contributing authors are some of the world leaders in research and education on energy and environmental topics. The coverage is worth noting for its breadth and depth. The book begins with the latest trends in applied thermodynamics: the methods of exergy analysis, entropy generation minimization and thermoeconomics. It continues with the most modern developments in energy processing and conservation techniques: heat transfer augmentation devices, inverse thermal design, combustion and heat exchangers for environmental systems. The environmental impact of energy systems is documented in a diversity of applications such as the flow of hazardous waste through cracks and porous media, thermally induced flows through coastal waters near power plants, and lake ecology in the vicinity of pumped storage systems. The book outlines new research directions such as the manufacturing of novel materials from solid waste, advances in radiative transport, the measurement of convective heat transfer in gas turbines and environmentally acceptable refrigerants. The book is rich in engineering design data that make a concrete statement on topics of world wide interest, e.g., toxic emissions, the depletion of energy resources, global environmental change (global warming), and future trends in the power generation industries. Written by leaders in research and education, this book is an excellent text or supplement for undergraduate and graduate courses on energy engineering and environmental science.

Applications of Finite Element Modeling for Mechanical and Mechatronic Systems

Applications of Finite Element Modeling for Mechanical and Mechatronic Systems Book
Author : Marek Krawczuk,Magdalena Palacz
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-09-02
ISBN : 3036515550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern engineering practice requires advanced numerical modeling because, among other things, it reduces the costs associated with prototyping or predicting the occurrence of potentially dangerous situations during operation in certain defined conditions. Thus far, different methods have been used to implement the real structure into the numerical version. The most popular uses have been variations of the finite element method (FEM). The aim of this Special Issue has been to familiarize the reader with the latest applications of the FEM for the modeling and analysis of diverse mechanical problems. Authors are encouraged to provide a concise description of the specific application or a potential application of the Special Issue.

Thermal Management for LED Applications

Thermal Management for LED Applications Book
Author : Clemens J.M. Lasance,András Poppe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-09-17
ISBN : 1461450918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal Management for LED Applications provides state-of-the-art information on recent developments in thermal management as it relates to LEDs and LED-based systems and their applications. Coverage begins with an overview of the basics of thermal management including thermal design for LEDs, thermal characterization and testing of LEDs, and issues related to failure mechanisms and reliability and performance in harsh environments. Advances and recent developments in thermal management round out the book with discussions on advances in TIMs (thermal interface materials) for LED applications, advances in forced convection cooling of LEDs, and advances in heat sinks for LED assemblies.

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics of Small Systems

Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics of Small Systems Book
Author : Andrea Puglisi,Alessandro Sarracino ,Angelo Vulpiani
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-09-04
ISBN : 3038970573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics of Small Systems" that was published in Entropy

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Physics Briefs book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dissertation Abstracts International book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multicriteria Evaluation in a Fuzzy Environment

Multicriteria Evaluation in a Fuzzy Environment Book
Author : Giuseppe Munda
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 364249997X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the result of some years of research carried out at the Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam and at the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. The awareness of actual and potential conflicts between economic progress in production, consumption, and technology and the environment has led to the concept of "sustainable development", implying that economic and ecological values are well balanced in evaluation and decision making. The linkages between ecosystems and economic systems are the focus of ecological economics. In ecological economics, a multidimensional approach to economic and policy-making is emphasised. In this book, the introduction of multicriteria decision aid techniques in the framework of ecological economics is widely discussed. Since such techniques are based on a "constructive" rationality and allow one to take into account conflictual, multidimensional, incommensurable and uncertain effects of decisions, they can be considered perfectly consistent with the methodological foundations of ecological economics. Since here the assumption is accepted that efficiency, equity and sustainability are the three conflictual values of economics, a mathematical procedure able to deal with these issues in an operational framework is developed, with a particular view on imprecise information in a practical environmental planning context. Given the problem of the differences in the measurement levels of the variables used for economic-ecological modelling, multicriteria methods able to deal with mixed information (both qualitative and quantitative measurements) can be considered particularly useful. Another problem related to the available information concerns the uncertainty (stochastic and/or fuzzy) contained in this information.

Statistical Physics

Statistical Physics Book
Author : Kip S. Thorne,Roger D. Blandford
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 0691206120
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A groundbreaking textbook on twenty-first-century statistical physics and its applications Kip Thorne and Roger Blandford’s monumental Modern Classical Physics is now available in five stand-alone volumes that make ideal textbooks for individual graduate or advanced undergraduate courses on statistical physics; optics; elasticity and fluid dynamics; plasma physics; and relativity and cosmology. Each volume teaches the fundamental concepts, emphasizes modern, real-world applications, and gives students a physical and intuitive understanding of the subject. Statistical Physics is an essential introduction that is different from others on the subject because of its unique approach, which is coordinate-independent and geometric; embraces and elucidates the close quantum–classical connection and the relativistic and Newtonian domains; and demonstrates the power of statistical techniques—particularly statistical mechanics—by presenting applications not only to the usual kinds of things, such as gases, liquids, solids, and magnetic materials, but also to a much wider range of phenomena, including black holes, the universe, information and communication, and signal processing amid noise. Includes many exercise problems Features color figures, suggestions for further reading, extensive cross-references, and a detailed index Optional “Track 2” sections make this an ideal book for a one-quarter, half-semester, or full-semester course An online illustration package is available to professors

Entropy in Control Engineering

Entropy in Control Engineering Book
Author : George N. Saridis
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2001-01
ISBN : 9810245513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book attempts to couple control engineering with modern developments in science, through the concept of entropy. Such disciplines as intelligent machines, economics, manufacturing, environmental systems, waste etc. can be favorably affected and their performance can be improved or their catastrophic effects minimized. Entropy is used as the unifying measure of the various, seemingly disjoint, disciplines to represent the cost of producing work that improves the standard of living, both in engineering and in science. Modeling is done through probabilistic methods, thus establishing the irreversibility of the processes involved. This is in accordance with the modern view of science. In addition, the behavior of control for an arbitrary but fixed controller away from the optimal (equilibrium) has been obtained, the analytic expression of which should lead to chaotic solutions. The control activity is explained, based on the principle that control is making a system do what we want it to do. This helps to relate control theory with the sciences.