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Field Crop Arthropod Pests Of Economic Importance

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Field Crop Arthropod Pests of Economic Importance

Field Crop Arthropod Pests of Economic Importance Book
Author : Peter A. Edde
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-08-21
ISBN : 0128196998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Field Crop Arthropod Pests of Economic Importance presents detailed descriptions of the biology and ecology of important arthropod pest of selected global field crops. Standard management options for insect pest control on crops include biological, non-chemical, and chemical approaches. However, because agricultural crops face a wide range of insect pests throughout the year, it can prove difficult to find a simple solution to insect pest control in many, if not most, cropping systems. A whole-farm or integrated pest management approach combines cultural, natural, and chemical controls to maintain insect pest populations below levels that cause economic damage to the crop. This practice requires accurate species identification and thorough knowledge of the biology and ecology of the target organism. Integration and effective use of various control components is often enhanced when the target organism is correctly identified, and its biology and ecology are known. This book provides a key resource toward that identification and understanding. Students and professionals in agronomy, insect detection and survey, and economic entomology will find the book a valuable learning aid and resource tool. Includes insect synonyms, common names, and geographic distribution Provides information on natural enemies Is thoroughly referenced for future research

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture

Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture Book
Author : Ramesh Arora,Surinder Sandhu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-16
ISBN : 9811060568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops. It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects. Further, it discusses the conventional and molecular techniques utilized/useful in breeding for resistance to insect-pests including back-cross breeding, modified population improvement methods for insect resistance, marker-assisted backcrossing to expedite the breeding process, identification and validation of new insect-resistance genes and their potential for utilization, genomics, metabolomics, transgenesis and RNAi. Lastly, it analyzes the successes, limitations and prospects for the development of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, maize, sorghum and millet, cotton, rapeseed, legumes and fruit crops, and highlights strategies for management of insect biotypes that limit the success and durability of insect-resistant cultivators in the field. Arthropod pests act as major constraints in the agro-ecosystem. It has been estimated that arthropod pests may be destroying around one-fifth of the global agricultural production/potential production every year. Further, the losses are considerably higher in the developing tropics of Asia and Africa, which are already battling severe food shortage. Integrated pest management (IPM) has emerged as the dominant paradigm for minimizing damage by the insects and non-insect pests over the last 50 years. Pest resistant cultivars represent one of the most environmentally benign, economically viable and ecologically sustainable options for utilization in IPM programs. Hundreds of insect-resistant cultivars of rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, cotton, sugarcane and other crops have been developed worldwide and are extensively grown for increasing and/or stabilizing crop productivity. The annual economic value of arthropod resistance genes developed in global agriculture has been estimated to be greater than US$ 2 billion Despite the impressive achievements and even greater potential in minimizing pest- related losses, only a handful of books have been published on the topic of host-plant resistance to insects. This book fills this wide gap in the literature on breeding insect- resistant crops. It is aimed at plant breeders, entomologists, plant biotechnologists and IPM experts, as well as those working on sustainable agriculture and food security.

Pests of field crops

Pests of field crops Book
Author : Frederick G. Jones,Margaret G. Jones
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The origin and nature of pest problems; An introduction to insect structure and classification; Insects of minor economic importance; Plant bugs; Butterflies and moths; Beetls; Sawflies, wasps, bees and ants; Flies; Arthropod pests other than insects; Slugs and snails; Plant parasictic nematodes; Birds and small mammals; Pests of stored grain; Crops and their pests; Pest management; Pesticides.

Cooperative Economic Insect Report

Cooperative Economic Insect Report Book
Author : United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cooperative Economic Insect Report book written by United States. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cooperative Economic Insect Report

Cooperative Economic Insect Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1975
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cooperative Economic Insect Report book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Heteroptera of Economic Importance

Heteroptera of Economic Importance Book
Author : Carl W. Schaefer,Antonio Ricardo Panizzi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-07-28
ISBN : 1420041851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heteropterans regularly cause a wide variety and large number of problems for humans - at times on a catastrophic scale. The 37,000 described species of this suborder including many pests, disease transmitters, and nuisances exist worldwide, inflicting damage on crops, forests, orchards, and human life. Inspired by the widespread economic impact of

Optical Manipulation of Arthropod Pests and Beneficials

Optical Manipulation of Arthropod Pests and Beneficials Book
Author : David Ben-Yakir
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2020-06-05
ISBN : 1786394707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arthropods as pests in crops, vectors of diseases, pollinators, and natural enemies of pests are of huge economic importance. They affect livestock, human health and food supplies around the world. This unique book examines and reviews how light and colour can be used to enhance pest management in agricultural and medical applications by manipulating the optical responses of arthropods. Arthropods use optical cues to find food, oviposition sites and to navigate. Light also regulates their diurnal and seasonal activities. Plants use optical cues to attract or deter various species of arthropod. In this book, an international team of experts show how light can be used successfully to attract, arrest, confuse and deter arthropods as well as to disrupt their biological clocks.

Pests of Field Crops

Pests of Field Crops Book
Author : Frederick George William Jones,Margaret G. Jones
Publisher : Hodder Arnold
Release : 1984
ISBN : 9780713128819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The origin and nature of pest problems. An introduction to insect structure and classification. Insects of minor economic importance -- Collembola, Orthoptera, Dermaptera, Thysanoptera. Plant bugs -- Hemiptera. Butterflies and moths -- Lepidoptera. Beetles -- Coleoptera. Sawflies, wasps, bees and ants -- Hymenoptera. Flies -- Diptera. Arthropod pests other than insects. Slugs and snails -- Mollusca. Plant parasitic nematodes -- Nematoda. Birds and small mammals -- Vertebrata. Pests of stored grain. Crops and their pests. Pest management. Pesticides.

Arthropod Management in Vineyards

Arthropod Management in Vineyards  Book
Author : Noubar J. Bostanian,Charles Vincent,Rufus Isaacs
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-06-26
ISBN : 9400740328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a state-of-the-science overview of arthropods affecting grape production around the world. Vineyard pest management is a dynamic and evolving field, and the contributed chapters provide insights into arthropods that limit this important crop and its products. Written by international experts from the major grape-growing regions, it provides a global overview of arthropods affecting vines and the novel strategies being used to prevent economic losses, including invasive pests affecting viticulture. The book contains reviews of the theoretical basis of integrated pest management, multiple chapters on biological control, current status of chemical control, as well as in-depth and well-illustrated reviews of the major arthropod pests affecting grape production and how they are being managed worldwide. This text will serve as a primary resource for applied entomologists, students, growers, and consultants with interests at the intersection of viticulture and applied entomology.

Sustainable Management of Arthropod Pests of Tomato

Sustainable Management of Arthropod Pests of Tomato Book
Author : Waqas Wakil,Gerald E Brust,Thomas Perring
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-19
ISBN : 0128135085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Management of Arthropod Pests of Tomato provides insight into the proper and appropriate application of pesticides and the integration of alternative pest management methods. The basis of good crop management decisions is a better understanding of the crop ecosystem, including the pests, their natural enemies, and the crop itself. This book provides a global overview of the biology and management of key arthropod pests of tomatoes, including arthropod-vectored diseases. It includes information that places tomatoes in terms of global food production and food security, with each pest chapter including the predators and parasitoids that have specifically been found to have the greatest impact on reducing that particular pest. In-depth coverage of the development of resistance in tomato plants and the biotic and abiotic elicitors of resistance and detailed information about the sustainable management of tomato pests is also presented. Provides basic biological and management information for arthropod pests of tomato from a global perspective, encompassing all production types (field, protected, organic) Includes chapters on integrated management of tomato pests and specific aspects of tomato pest management, including within protected structures and in organic production Presents management systems that have been tested in the real-world by the authors of each chapter Fully illustrated throughout with line drawings and color plates that illustrate key pest and beneficial arthropods associated with tomato production around the world

Entomology

Entomology Book
Author : Rochus Vogts
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-10
ISBN : 9781681179100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Agricultural crops are of considerable importance to the nation economy and also vital to other industries, such as poultry, the leading agricultural enterprise, which relies upon certain field crops for feed and a place for waste management. Controlling insects and other arthropods has become an increasingly complex issue over the past two decades. Minimizing losses due to insect pests and insect vectors of important plant, animal, and human diseases remains an essential component of the Agricultural Entomology. Nonetheless, the deleterious effects associated with the use of chemicals, such as development of insect resistance to insecticides, poisonous residues on foodstuffs, human illnesses associated with pesticide applications, contamination of soil and water, and diminution of biotic diversity must be reduced or eliminated. This volume, Entomology, presents environmentally sound pest management practices under the umbrella of integrated pest management (IPM). It consists of contributions from the renowned authors providing information on pest management approaches as chemical alternatives. It presents emphasis on pest management strategies for use in corn, soybeans, small grains, forage crops, vegetables, and beekeeping. As a result, considerable emphasis has been placed on tactics other than chemical controls, including biological, cultural, and genetic methods and the deployment of varieties resistant to pests. A re-evaluation of the economic thresholds of insect pests and vectors and the concurrent development of models capable of generating management strategies are a direct result of the need to reduce our reliance on chemical controls. To ensure profitable production it addresses both short- and long-term solutions to the most important arthropod-related problems facing agriculture. The goal of this book is to provide the most up-to-date review on information available around chemical alternatives in IPM. Therefore, this book will provide academia and industry with adequate basic concepts and applications of IPM as eco-friendly pest management option."

Arthropod Pests of Horticultural Crops in Tropical Asia

Arthropod Pests of Horticultural Crops in Tropical Asia Book
Author : R. Muniappan
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1845939514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agriculture plays a pivotal role in the economy of tropical Asia, but arthropod pests are major constraints to production. This book consolidates the research on pests of South and Southeast Asia, providing useful data for the establishment of sustainable pest management programs. It covers the main arthropod pests of twenty five major crops, with colour photographs of their adult and immature stages, their distribution, biology, disease vectors, symptoms of the damage they cause and their natural enemies.

Natural Enemies of the Southwest A field guide to the arthropod natural enemies of southwestern field crops

Natural Enemies of the Southwest   A field guide to the arthropod natural enemies of southwestern field crops Book
Author : Lydia M. Brown,Peter C. Ellsworth,Scott Bundy,David Kerns,Ayman Mostafa,Garrett B. Hughes,Patrick Porter,Steven E. Naranjo,Alfred Fournier
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2022-06-29
ISBN : 1304664074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Natural Enemies of the Southwest A field guide to the arthropod natural enemies of southwestern field crops book written by Lydia M. Brown,Peter C. Ellsworth,Scott Bundy,David Kerns,Ayman Mostafa,Garrett B. Hughes,Patrick Porter,Steven E. Naranjo,Alfred Fournier, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Crop Diversity Influences Arthropod Communities and Other Biotic Factors

Crop Diversity Influences Arthropod Communities and Other Biotic Factors Book
Author : Julie Baniszewski
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern agriculture has pushed for efficiency in its practices, genetics, equipment and new technologies. Unfortunately, achieving higher productivity often relies on greater levels of inputs. Consequently, intensive agricultural systems provide simplified habitats (i.e., crop fields) that are favorable to pests and require chemicals to maintain desired levels of productivity or quality. The side effect of synthetic chemicals, monoculture crops and a drive for the highest yields is reduced biodiversity in agroecosystems. Reduced biodiversity can be problematic because fields with fewer natural enemies are likely to be more vulnerable to pests. An alternative to simplified agricultural production system is to incorporate plant diversity within a cropping system. Although there are several theories explaining the benefits of increasing plant diversity, I focus largely on complementarity. The theory of complementarity is that, by increasing plant species diversity within a system, the planted species would be able to more efficiently utilize available resources, or complement each other. Similarly, the resource concentration hypothesis is relevant because it states that herbivorous arthropods thrive in plant communities that are dense with their host plant species whereas their populations face more challenges when their preferred host plant species are less abundant, as one would find in more diverse cropping systems that support more robust populations of predators and parasitoids. The idea of complementarity is often applied to plant production, whereas the resource concentration hypothesis is largely descriptive of how arthropod populations are influenced by plant diversity. Therefore, I have incorporated both hypotheses in this thesis to predict how several cropping systems may benefit from various types of plant diversity. The first chapter focuses on intraspecies diversity in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) over three years of field study. I hypothesized that wheat grown in cultivar mixtures would have higher yields, better disease suppression and lower arthropod pests compared to plantings of single varieties. By growing each variety alone and mixing four varieties into one mixture, I was able to compare benefits of disease, arthropod community and yield. Overall, I did not find evidence that the mixture provided a higher yield, but was able to show that cultivar mixtures of wheat help suppress foliar diseases similar to that of chemical fungicides without negatively affecting yield or economic value. In my second chapter, I incorporated plant species diversity within a forage system to test how diversity could benefit an annual forage crop for improving biomass production or increasing economic return by reducing insect and disease pests and having greater stability from year to year compared to growing each species separate. Over a four-year field study, I compared seven treatments of species mixtures and monocultures of maize (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) split with and without insecticide and measured the effects of species mixtures on insects, disease, yield and economic value. Although biomass was not increased in mixtures, partial return over variable costs was similar in the four-species mixture compared to maize or sorghum alone. There were low insect pests abundances and disease pressures overall. Finally, I also quantified detrimental effects of insecticides on arthropod communities, including natural enemies. The third chapter also focuses on a similar annual forage system as Chapter 2, including maize (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and sunflower (Helianthus annus L.), but addresses questions about weed suppression. Here, my study comprised a greenhouse component and two years of field research to evaluate weed suppression based on functional group of crops and weeds (broadleaves and grasses) as well as potential attraction of weed seed predators, specifically carabid beetles. Interestingly, I found both weed suppression and abundances of weed seed predators to be greatest in monocultures as opposed to a higher level of diversity within crop mixtures, indicating that competition rather than complementarity between crops, may have a larger role in these systems. The fourth chapter focuses on limitations I experienced in the application of interspecific mixtures including maize (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill), sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) and how I modified and overcame challenges associated with mixtures in field research. My aim with this chapter was to encourage additional research and bridge scientific knowledge and research with the application of incorporating mixtures into large scale agronomic production systems. My final chapter presents research done over a single season within a coffee (Coffea arabica L.) system in Costa Rica. I evaluated the potential of shade tree diversity within coffee plantations to attract a larger diversity of arthropods, including predatory arthropods, to help control effects of a severe coffee pest, coffee berry borer (CBB; (Hypothenemus hampei) (Ferrari) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae)). Although I was only able to show lower coffee berry borer infestation in May associated with shade trees compared to sun coffee, I also found an interesting correlation with an increase in CBB in proximity to sugarcane fields. I highlight some ways that coffee growers could mitigate immigration of CBB into their fields and reduce future generations of CBB.

Biorational Control of Arthropod Pests

Biorational Control of Arthropod Pests Book
Author : Isaac Ishaaya,A. Rami Horowitz
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-08-28
ISBN : 9789048123162
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For nearly 50 years, pest control was mostly based on broad-spectrum conv- tional insecticides such as organochlorines, organophosphates, carbamates and pyrethroids. However, the severe adverse effects of pesticides on the environment, problems of resistance reaching crisis proportions and public protests led to stricter regulations and legislation aimed at reducing their use. Ways to reduce the use of synthetic pesticides in plant protection and to use more alternative and novel me- ods for pest control or biorational control are the challenges of pest control for the twenty-first century. The term biorational (biological + rational) pesticides can be defined as the use of specific and selective chemicals, often with a unique modes of action, that are compatible with natural enemies and the environment, with minimal effect on n- target organisms. Biorational control is based on a diversity of chemical, biological and physical approaches for controlling insect pests which results in minimum risk to man and the environment.

Crop Production and Crop Protection

Crop Production and Crop Protection Book
Author : E.-C. Oerke,H.-W. Dehne,F. Schönbeck,A. Weber
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0444597948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this book is to provide information to be used as a basis for evaluating the fragile, shaky structure of global food production. The volume analyses the data by region and by intensity of cultivation; and furnishes information about the yield response, giving some indication of the health of the plants. It will be invaluable to all plant and crop scientists as well as to agriculturalists.

Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario

Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario Book
Author : Entomological Society of Ontario
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario book written by Entomological Society of Ontario, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Toxicology Research Projects Directory

Toxicology Research Projects Directory Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1978
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Toxicology Research Projects Directory book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cotton

Cotton Book
Author : C. Wayne Smith,J. Tom Cothren
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1999-08-30
ISBN : 9780471180456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Here is a vital new source of "need-to-know" information for cotton industry professionals. Unlike other references that focus solely on growing the crop, this book also emphasizes the cotton industry as a whole, and includes material on the nature of cotton fibers and their processing; cotton standards and classification; and marketing strategies.

The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia

The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia Book
Author : D. F. Waterhouse
Publisher : State Mutual Book & Periodical Service
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia book written by D. F. Waterhouse, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.