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Fault Zone Properties And Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

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Fault Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics

Fault Zone Properties and Earthquake Rupture Dynamics Book
Author : Eiichi Fukuyama
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-04-24
ISBN : 9780080922461
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The dynamics of the earthquake rupture process are closely related to fault zone properties which the authors have intensively investigated by various observations in the field as well as by laboratory experiments. These include geological investigation of the active and fossil faults, physical and chemical features obtained by the laboratory experiments, as well as the seismological estimation from seismic waveforms. Earthquake dynamic rupture can now be modeled using numerical simulations on the basis of field and laboratory observations, which should be very useful for understanding earthquake rupture dynamics. Features: * First overview of new and improved techniques in the study of earthquake faulting * Broad coverage * Full color Benefits: * A must-have for all geophysicists who work on earthquake dynamics * Single resource for all aspects of earthquake dynamics (from lab measurements to seismological observations to numerical modelling) * Bridges the disciplines of seismology, structural geology and rock mechanics * Helps readers to understand and interpret graphs and maps Also has potential use as a supplementary resource for upper division and graduate geophysics courses.

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes Book
Author : Marion Y. Thomas,Thomas M. Mitchell,Harsha S. Bhat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 1119156882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earthquakes are some of the most dynamic features of the Earth. This multidisciplinary volume presents an overview of earthquake processes and properties including the physics of dynamic faulting, fault fabric and mechanics, physical and chemical properties of fault zones, dynamic rupture processes, and numerical modeling of fault zones during seismic rupture. This volume examines questions such as: • What are the dynamic processes recorded in fault gouge? • What can we learn about rupture dynamics from laboratory experiments? • How do on-fault and off-fault properties affect seismic ruptures? • How do fault zones evolve over time? Fault Zone Dynamic Processes: Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students from across the geosciences interested in the earthquakes processes.

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes

Fault Zone Dynamic Processes Book
Author : Marion Y. Thomas,Thomas M. Mitchell,Harsha S. Bhat
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 1119156912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Earthquakes are some of the most dynamic features of the Earth. This multidisciplinary volume presents an overview of earthquake processes and properties including the physics of dynamic faulting, fault fabric and mechanics, physical and chemical properties of fault zones, dynamic rupture processes, and numerical modeling of fault zones during seismic rupture. This volume examines questions such as: • What are the dynamic processes recorded in fault gouge? • What can we learn about rupture dynamics from laboratory experiments? • How do on-fault and off-fault properties affect seismic ruptures? • How do fault zones evolve over time? Fault Zone Dynamic Processes: Evolution of Fault Properties During Seismic Rupture is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and students from across the geosciences interested in the earthquakes processes.

Earthquake Research and Analysis

Earthquake Research and Analysis Book
Author : Sebastiano D'Amico
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-02-08
ISBN : 9533079916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is devoted to different aspects of earthquake research. Depending on their magnitude and the placement of the hypocenter, earthquakes have the potential to be very destructive. Given that they can cause significant losses and deaths, it is really important to understand the process and the physics of this phenomenon. This book does not focus on a unique problem in earthquake processes, but spans studies on historical earthquakes and seismology in different tectonic environments, to more applied studies on earthquake geology.

Geology of the Earthquake Source

Geology of the Earthquake Source Book
Author : Åke Fagereng,Virginia G. Toy,Julie V. Rowland
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781862393370
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Professor Richard (Rick) Sibson revolutionized structural geology by illustrating that fault rocks contain an integrated record of earthquakes. Fault-rock textures develop in response to geological and physical variables such as composition, environmental conditions (e.g. temperature and pressure), fluid presence and strain rate. These parameters also determine the rate- and state-variable frictional stability of a fault, the dominant mineral deformation mechanism and shear strength, and ultimately control the partitioning between seismic and aseismic deformation. This volume contains a collection of papers that address the geological record of earthquake faulting from field-based or theoretical perspectives.

The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting

The Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting Book
Author : Christopher H. Scholz
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-01-03
ISBN : 110716348X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A major update of this classic reference text on earthquakes and faulting with a wealth of new topics and observations.

The Physics of Rock Failure and Earthquakes

The Physics of Rock Failure and Earthquakes Book
Author : Mitiyasu Ohnaka
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-04-11
ISBN : 1107030064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Physical modelling of earthquake generation processes is essential to further our understanding of seismic hazard. However, the scale-dependent nature of earthquake rupture processes is further complicated by the heterogeneous nature of the crust. Despite significant advances in the understanding of earthquake generation processes, and the derivation of underlying physical laws, controversy remains regarding what the constitutive law for earthquake ruptures ought to be, and how it should be formulated. It is extremely difficult to obtain field data to define physical properties along a fault during a rupture event, at sufficiently high spatial and temporal resolution to resolve the controversy. Instead, laboratory experiments offer a means of obtaining high-resolution measurements that allow the physical nature of shear rupture processes to be deduced. This important new book is written using consistent notation, providing a deeper understanding of earthquake processes from nucleation to their dynamic propagation. Its key focus is a deductive approach based on laboratory-derived physical laws and formulae, such as a unifying constitutive law, a constitutive scaling law, and a physical model of shear rupture nucleation. Topics covered include: the fundamentals of rock failure physics, earthquake generation processes, physical scale dependence, and large-earthquake generation cycles and their seismic activity"--

Classic Concepts and New Directions

Classic Concepts and New  Directions Book
Author : Lon D. Abbott,Gregory S. Hancock
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2013-10-16
ISBN : 0813700337
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This guide's 14 chapters, which span the Rocky Mountain region's 1.7-billion-year history, give a retrospective glimpse of early geologic ideas being forged, bring the latest mapping and analytical results from classic locations, and introduce techniques that will form the bedrock of our geologic understanding in the years to come"--

Tsunami Generation and Propagation

Tsunami Generation and Propagation Book
Author : Tatsuhiko Saito
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-23
ISBN : 4431568506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces a framework of tsunami modelling from generation to propagation, aimed at application to the new observation started in Japan after the devastating tsunami of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. About 150 seismic and tsunami sensors were deployed in a wide region off the Pacific coast of eastern Japan in order to catch tsunami generation inside the focal area, which makes a clear departure from conventional observations that detect tsunamis far from the source region. In order to exploit the full potential of this new observation system, it is not enough to model tsunami generation simply by static sea-bottom deformation caused by an earthquake. This book explains dynamic tsunami generation and sea-bottom deformation by kinematic earthquake faulting, in which seismic and acoustic waves are also included in addition to static sea-bottom deformation. It then systematically derives basic tsunami equations from the fundamental equations of motions. The author also illustrates the details of numerical schemes and their applications to tsunami records, making sound linkages among these topics to naturally understand how a tsunami is physically or mathematically described. This book will be a comprehensive guide for graduate students and young researchers to start their research activities smoothly.

Treatise on Geophysics

Treatise on Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 0444538038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Geophysics, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. Thoroughly revised and updated, it provides fundamental and state-of-the-art discussion of all aspects of geophysics. A highlight of the second edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements. This title is essential for professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of Geophysics and Earth system science. Comprehensive and detailed coverage of all aspects of geophysics Fundamental and state-of-the-art discussions of all research topics Integration of topics into a coherent whole

Storm and Cloud Dynamics

Storm and Cloud Dynamics Book
Author : William R. Cotton,George Bryan,Susan C. van den Heever
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-12-21
ISBN : 9780080916651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the dynamics of clouds and of precipitating mesoscale meteorological systems. Clouds and precipitating mesoscale systems represent some of the most important and scientifically exciting weather systems in the world. These are the systems that produce torrential rains, severe winds including downburst and tornadoes, hail, thunder and lightning, and major snow storms. Forecasting such storms represents a major challenge since they are too small to be adequately resolved by conventional observing networks and numerical prediction models. * Provides a complete treatment of clouds integrating the analysis of air motions with cloud structure, microphysics, and precipitation mechanics * Describes and explains the basic types of clouds and cloud systems that occur in the atmosphere-fog, stratus, stratocumulus, altocumulus, altostratus, cirrus, thunderstorms, tornadoes, waterspouts, orographically induced clouds, mesoscale convection complexes, hurricanes, fronts, and extratropical cyclones * Summarizes the fundamentals, both observational and theoretical, of atmospheric dynamics, thermodynamics, cloud microphysics, and radar meteorology, allowing each type of cloud to be examined in depth * Integrates the latest field observations, numerical model simulations, and theory * Supplies a theoretical treatment suitable for the advanced undergraduate or graduate level, as well as post-graduate

Best Practices in Physics based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations

Best Practices in Physics based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations Book
Author : Luis A. Dalguer,Yoshimitsu Fukushima,Kojiro Irikura,Changjiang Wu
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2017-12-20
ISBN : 3319727095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume collects several extended articles from the first workshop on Best Practices in Physics-based Fault Rupture Models for Seismic Hazard Assessment of Nuclear Installations (BestPSHANI). Held in 2015, the workshop was organized by the IAEA to disseminate the use of physics-based fault-rupture models for ground motion prediction in seismic hazard assessments (SHA). The book also presents a number of new contributions on topics ranging from the seismological aspects of earthquake cycle simulations for source scaling evaluation, seismic source characterization, source inversion and physics-based ground motion modeling to engineering applications of simulated ground motion for the analysis of seismic response of structures. Further, it includes papers describing current practices for assessing seismic hazard in terms of nuclear safety in low seismicity areas, and proposals for physics-based hazard assessment for critical structures near large earthquakes. The papers validate and verify the models by comparing synthetic results with observed data and empirical models. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, engineers, students and practitioners involved in all aspects of SHA.

Microscopic and Macroscopic Simulation Towards Predictive Modelling of the Earthquake Process

Microscopic and Macroscopic Simulation  Towards Predictive Modelling of the Earthquake Process Book
Author : Peter Mora,Mitsuhiro Matsu'ura,Raul Madariaga,Jean-Bernard Minster
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 3034876955
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microscopic and Macroscopic Simulation Towards Predictive Modelling of the Earthquake Process book written by Peter Mora,Mitsuhiro Matsu'ura,Raul Madariaga,Jean-Bernard Minster, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Mechanics Structure and Evolution of Fault Zones

Mechanics  Structure and Evolution of Fault Zones Book
Author : Yehuda Ben-Zion,Charles Sammis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-30
ISBN : 3034601387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Considerable progress has been made recently in quantifying geometrical and physical properties of fault surfaces and adjacent fractured and granulated damage zones in active faulting environments. There has also been significant progress in developing rheologies and computational frameworks that can model the dynamics of fault zone processes. This volume provides state-of-the-art theoretical and observational results on the mechanics, structure and evolution of fault zones. Subjects discussed include damage rheologies, development of instabilities, fracture and friction, dynamic rupture experiments, and analyses of earthquake and fault zone data.

Instabilities Modeling in Geomechanics

Instabilities Modeling in Geomechanics Book
Author : Ioannis Stefanou,Jean Sulem
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-12
ISBN : 1119755182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Instabilities Modeling in Geomechanics describes complex mechanisms which are frequently met in earthquake nucleation, geothermal energy production, nuclear waste disposal and CO2 sequestration. These mechanisms involve systems of non-linear differential equations that express the evolution of the geosystem (e.g. strain localization, temperature runaway, pore pressure build-up, etc.) at different length and time scales. In order to study the evolution of a system and possible instabilities, it is essential to know the mathematical properties of the governing equations. Therefore, questions of the existence, uniqueness and stability of solutions naturally arise. This book particularly explores bifurcation theory and stability analysis, which are robust and rigorous mathematical tools that allow us to study the behavior of complex geosystems, without even explicitly solving the governing equations. The contents are organized into 10 chapters which illustrate the application of these methods in various fields of geomechanics.

Involvement of Fluids in Earthquake Ruptures

Involvement of Fluids in Earthquake Ruptures Book
Author : Teruo Yamashita,Akito Tsutsumi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-24
ISBN : 4431565620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book furnishes state-of-the-art knowledge about how earthquake faulting is coupled with fluid flow. The authors describe the theoretical background of modeling of faulting coupled with fluid flow in detail. Field and laboratory evidence to suggest the fluid involvement in earthquake faulting is also carefully explained. All of the provided information constitutes together a basic framework of the fault modeling for a comprehensive understanding of the involvement of fluids in earthquake ruptures. Earthquake generation is now widely believed to be significantly affected by high-pressure fluid existing at depths. Consequently, modeling study of earthquake faulting coupled with fluid flow is becoming increasingly active as a field of research. This work is aimed at a wide range of readers, and is especially relevant for graduate students and solid-earth researchers who wish to become more familiar with the field.

The Earth s Ionosphere

The Earth s Ionosphere Book
Author : Michael C. Kelley
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-06-12
ISBN : 9780080916576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although interesting in its own right, due to the ever-increasing use of satellites for communication and navigation, weather in the ionosphere is of great concern. Every such system uses trans-ionospheric propagation of radio waves, waves which must traverse the commonly turbulent ionosphere. Understanding this turbulence and predicting it are one of the major goals of the National Space Weather program. Acquiring such a prediction capability will rest on understanding the very topics of this book, the plasma physics and electrodynamics of the system. Fully updated to reflect advances in the field in the 20 years since the first edition published Explores the buffeting of the ionosphere from above by the sun and from below by the lower atmosphere Unique text appropriate both as a reference and for coursework

Paleoseismology

Paleoseismology Book
Author : James P. McCalpin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-02
ISBN : 9780080919980
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paleoseismology has become an important component of seismic risk analysis, which is mandated for nuclear power plants, dams, waste repositories, and other critical structures. This book is the first in the English language to be devoted solely to paleoseismology. It summarizes the development of the field from the 1960s to the present, encompassing material that is currently widely dispersed in journal articles. * Includes a comprehensive review of the techniques currently used in paleoseismology * Emphasizes practical methods of data collection and field studies * Covers interpretation of field data based on current theory concerning fault segmentation and recurrence cycles * Contains more than 170 line drawings and 50 photographs of paleoseismic phenomena

Nonlinear Ocean Waves and the Inverse Scattering Transform

Nonlinear Ocean Waves and the Inverse Scattering Transform Book
Author : Alfred Osborne
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-04-07
ISBN : 9780080925103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For more than 200 years, the Fourier Transform has been one of the most important mathematical tools for understanding the dynamics of linear wave trains. Nonlinear Ocean Waves and the Inverse Scattering Transform presents the development of the nonlinear Fourier analysis of measured space and time series, which can be found in a wide variety of physical settings including surface water waves, internal waves, and equatorial Rossby waves. This revolutionary development will allow hyperfast numerical modelling of nonlinear waves, greatly advancing our understanding of oceanic surface and internal waves. Nonlinear Fourier analysis is based upon a generalization of linear Fourier analysis referred to as the inverse scattering transform, the fundamental building block of which is a generalized Fourier series called the Riemann theta function. Elucidating the art and science of implementing these functions in the context of physical and time series analysis is the goal of this book. Presents techniques and methods of the inverse scattering transform for data analysis Geared toward both the introductory and advanced reader venturing further into mathematical and numerical analysis Suitable for classroom teaching as well as research

Computational earthquake science 2

Computational earthquake science  2 Book
Author : Andrea Donnellan,Peter Mora,Mitsuhiro Matsu'ura,Xiang-chu Yin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-11-22
ISBN : 9783764371432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exciting developments in earthquake science have benefited from new observations, improved computational technologies, and improved modeling capabilities. Designing models of the earthquake generation process is a grand scientific challenge due to the complexity of phenomena and range of scales involved from microscopic to global. Such models provide powerful new tools for the study of earthquake precursory phenomena and the earthquake cycle. Through workshops, collaborations and publications, the APEC Cooperation for Earthquake Simulations (ACES) aims to develop realistic supercomputer simulation models for the complete earthquake generation process, thus providing a "virtual laboratory" to probe earthquake behavior. Part II of the book embraces dynamic rupture and wave propagation, computational environment and algorithms, data assimilation and understanding, and applications of models to earthquakes. This part also contains articles on the computational approaches and challenges of constructing earthquake models.