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Fatigue In Railway Infrastructure

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Fatigue in Railway Infrastructure

Fatigue in Railway Infrastructure Book
Author : Mark Robinson,Ajay Kapoor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-08-20
ISBN : 1845697022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fatigue is a major issue affecting safety and quality of service in the railway industry. This book reviews key aspects of this important subject. It begins by providing an overview of the subject, discussing fatigue at the wheel-rail interface and in other aspects of infrastructure. It then considers fatigue in railway and tramway track, looking at causes of potential failure in such areas as rails and fixings as well as sleepers. It also reviews failure points in structures such as embankments and cuttings. The book analyses fatigue in railway bridges, looking in particular at masonry arch bridges as well as metal and concrete bridges. Two final chapters review safety and reliability issues affecting escalators and lifts. Fatigue in railway infrastructure is a helpful reference for those in the railway industry responsible for infrastructure maintenance as well as those researching this important subject. Provides a concise review of fatigue in the railway infrastructure Examines the causes of potential failure in rails, fixings and sleepers Analyses fatigue in railway bridges including masonry arch, metal and concrete structures

Cumulative Damage of Welded Joints

Cumulative Damage of Welded Joints Book
Author : T R Gurney
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2006-08-25
ISBN : 1845691032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fatigue is a mechanism of failure which involves the formation and growth of cracks under the action of repeated stresses. Ultimately, a crack may propagate to such an extent that total fracture of the member may occur. To avoid fatigue it is essential to design the structure with inherent fatigue strength. However, fatigue strength for variable amplitude loading is not a constant material property and any calculations are necessarily built on a number of assumptions. Cumulative damage of welded joints explores the wealth of research in this important field and its implications for the design and manufacture of welded components. After an Introduction, chapter two introduces the constant amplitude database, which contains results obtained in test conditions and which forms the basis of the basic S-N curves for various types of joint. Chapter three discusses the influence of residual stresses which can have a marked effect on fatigue behaviour. Chapter four explores variable amplitude loading and the problem of how information from laboratory tests, obtained under constant amplitude conditions, can be applied to the design of structures for service conditions. This problem is further investigated in the next chapter which is devoted to two and three level load testing. Chapters six, seven and eight look at the influence that the variety of variable loading spectra can have on fatigue strength, whether narrow or wide band loading or cycles of small stress range. Taking all of this knowledge, chapter nine discusses structure designs. Cumulative damage of welded joints is a comprehensive source of invaluable information for welding engineers, supervisors, inspection personnel and designers. It will also be of great interest for academics working in the fields of structural and mechanical engineering. Covers the wealth of research in the field of fatigue strength and its role in the design and manufacture of welded components Invaluable reference source for welding engineers, supervisors, inspection personnel and designers

CIGOS 2021 Emerging Technologies and Applications for Green Infrastructure

CIGOS 2021  Emerging Technologies and Applications for Green Infrastructure Book
Author : Cuong Ha-Minh,Anh Minh Tang,Tinh Quoc Bui,Xuan Hong Vu,Dat Vu Khoa Huynh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-28
ISBN : 9811671605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the key role of green infrastructure (GI) in providing natural and ecosystem solutions, helping alleviate many of the environmental, social, and economic problems caused by rapid urbanization. The book gathers the emerging technologies and applications in various disciplines involving geotechnics, civil engineering, and structures, which are presented in numerous high-quality papers by worldwide researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and entrepreneurs at the 6th CIGOS event, 2021. Moreover, by sharing knowledge and experiences around emerging GI technologies and policy issues, the book aims at encouraging adoption of GI technologies as well as building capacity for implementing GI practices at all scales. This book is useful for researchers and professionals in designing, building, and managing sustainable buildings and infrastructure.

People and Rail Systems

People and Rail Systems Book
Author : John R. Wilson,Beverley Norris,Ann Mills
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 1351912283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Following on from 2005's Rail Human Factors: Supporting the Integrated Railway, this book brings together an even broader range of academics and practitioners from around the world to share their expertise and experience on rail human factors. The content is both comprehensive and cutting-edge, featuring more than 55 chapters addressing the following topics: ¢ Passengers and public ¢ Driver performance and workload ¢ Driving and cognition ¢ Train cab and interfaces: simulation and design ¢ Routes, signage, signals and drivability ¢ Signalling and control of the railway ¢ Planning for the railway ¢ Engineering work and maintenance ¢ Level crossings ¢ Accidents and safety ¢ Human error and human reliability ¢ SPADs: signals passed at danger ¢ Human factors integration and standards ¢ Impairments to performance ¢ Staff competencies and training. People and Rail Systems: Human Factors at the Heart of the Railway will be invaluable for all those concerned with making railways safer, more reliable, of higher quality and more efficient. It will be essential reading for policy-makers, researchers and industry around the world.

Life Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Life Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems Book
Author : Alfred Strauss,Dan Frangopol,Konrad Bergmeister
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-09-18
ISBN : 020310336X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life-Cycle and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructure Systems contains the lectures and papers presented at the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE 2012) held in one of Vienna‘s most famous venues, the Hofburg Palace, October 3rd-6th, 2012. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts (516 pp) and a DVD-ROM

Human Mental Workload Models and Applications

Human Mental Workload  Models and Applications Book
Author : Luca Longo,Maria Chiara Leva
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-23
ISBN : 3030623025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Human Mental Workload: Models and Applications, H-WORKLOAD 2020, held in Granda, Spain*, in December 2020. The volume presents one keynote paper as well as 13 revised full papers, which were carefully reviewed and selected from 22 submissions. The papers are organized in two topical sections on models and applications. *The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Ageing of Infrastructure

Ageing of Infrastructure Book
Author : Frank Collins,Frédéric Blin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-21
ISBN : 0429849532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book addresses the problem of ageing infrastructure and how ageing can reduce the service life below expected levels. The rate of ageing is affected by the type of construction material, environmental exposure, function of the infrastructure, and loading: each of these factors is considered in the assessment of ageing. How do international design codes address ageing? Predictive models of ageing behaviour are available and the different types (empirical, deterministic, and probabilistic) are discussed in a whole-of-life context. Life cycle plans, initiated at the design stage, can ensure that the design life is met, while optimising the management of the asset: reducing life cycle costs and reducing the environmental footprint due to less maintenance/remediation interventions and fewer unplanned stoppages and delays. Health monitoring of infrastructure can be conducted via implanted probes (wired or wireless) or by non-destructive testing that can routinely measure the durability, loading, and exposure environments at key locations around the facility. Routine monitoring can trigger preventative maintenance that can extend the life of the infrastructure and minimise unplanned and reactive remediation, while also providing ongoing data that can be utilised towards more durable future construction. Future infrastructure will need to be safe and durable, financially and environmentally sustainable over the lifecycle, thereby raising socio-economic wellbeing. The book concludes by discussing the key impacting factors that will need to be addressed. The author brings a strong academic and industry background to present a resource for academics and practitioners wishing to address the ageing of built infrastructure.

Maintenance and Safety of Aging Infrastructure

Maintenance and Safety of Aging Infrastructure Book
Author : Dan Frangopol,Yiannis Tsompanakis
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-10-23
ISBN : 0415659426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research findings in the field of maintenance and safety of aging infrastructure. The invited contributions provide an overview of the use of advanced computational and/or experimental techniques in damage and vulnerability assessment as well as maintenance and retrofitting of aging structures and infrastructures such as buildings, bridges, lifelines and ships. Cost-efficient maintenance and management of civil infrastructure requires balanced consideration of both structural performance and the total cost accrued over the entire life-cycle considering uncertainties. In this context, major topics treated in this book include aging structures, climate adaptation, climate change, corrosion, cost, damage assessment, decision making, extreme events, fatigue life, hazards, hazard mitigation, inspection, life-cycle performance, maintenance, management, NDT methods, optimization, redundancy, reliability, repair, retrofit, risk, robustness, resilience, safety, stochastic control, structural health monitoring, sustainability, uncertainties and vulnerability. Applications include bridges, buildings, dams, marine structures, pavements, power distribution poles, offshore platforms, stadiums and transportation networks. This up-to-date overview of the field of maintenance and safety of aging infrastructure makes this book a must-have reference work for those involved with structures and infrastructures, including students, researchers and practitioners.

The Railway Track and Its Long Term Behaviour

The Railway Track and Its Long Term Behaviour Book
Author : Konstantinos Tzanakakis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-01-26
ISBN : 3642360513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A proper quality of a track and other infrastructure objects represents a basic requirement for train safety and punctuality. Most of the physical systems and their components deteriorate over time. This affects performance and may lead to failures. Albert Einstein said, “You have to learn the rules of the game. And then you have to play better than anyone else.” Only if we understand how the whole system works, taking into account its imperfections and how they influence its quality and performance will we be able to learn the rules of the game and “play better.” The book provides the readers with the necessary functional knowledge of track behaviour and comprehensively covers the function of the various track components, their interaction as elements of the track system, as well as the interaction of the track with railway vehicles. By presenting important tools for a deep understanding of track-behaviour this book aims to be a reference guide for infrastructure managers and to help them to find ways improving track quality for optimum long-term behaviour.

Rail Crack Monitoring Using Acoustic Emission Technique

Rail Crack Monitoring Using Acoustic Emission Technique Book
Author : Dan Li
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-23
ISBN : 9811083487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis provides an innovative strategy for rail crack monitoring using the acoustic emission (AE) technique. The field study presented is a significant improvement on laboratory studies in the literature in terms of complex rail profile and crack conditions as well as high operational noise. AE waves induced by crack propagation, crack closure, wheel-rail impact and operational noise were obtained through a series of laboratory and field tests, and analyzed by wavelet transform (WT) and synchrosqueezed wavelet transform (SWT). A wavelet power-based index and the enhanced SWT scalogram were sequentially proposed to classify AE waves induced by different mechanisms according to their energy distributions in the time–frequency domain. A novel crack sizing method taking advantage of crack closure-induced AE waves was developed based on fatigue tests in the laboratory. The propagation characteristics of AE waves in the rail were investigated, and Tsallis synchrosqueezed wavelet entropy (TSWE) with time was finally brought forward to detect and locate rail cracks in the field. The proposed strategy for detection, location and sizing of rail cracks helps to ensure the safe and smooth operation of the railway system. This thesis is of interest to graduate students, researchers and practitioners in the area of structural health monitoring.

Maintenance Safety Risk Management and Life Cycle Performance of Bridges

Maintenance  Safety  Risk  Management and Life Cycle Performance of Bridges Book
Author : Nigel Powers,Dan M. Frangopol,Riadh Al-Mahaidi,Colin Caprani
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-04
ISBN : 1351745972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maintenance, Safety, Risk, Management and Life-Cycle Performance of Bridges contains lectures and papers presented at the Ninth International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS 2018), held in Melbourne, Australia, 9-13 July 2018. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB card containing the full papers of 393 contributions presented at IABMAS 2018, including the T.Y. Lin Lecture, 10 Keynote Lectures, and 382 technical papers from 40 countries. The contributions presented at IABMAS 2018 deal with the state of the art as well as emerging concepts and innovative applications related to the main aspects of bridge maintenance, safety, risk, management and life-cycle performance. Major topics include: new design methods, bridge codes, heavy vehicle and load models, bridge management systems, prediction of future traffic models, service life prediction, residual service life, sustainability and life-cycle assessments, maintenance strategies, bridge diagnostics, health monitoring, non-destructive testing, field testing, safety and serviceability, assessment and evaluation, damage identification, deterioration modelling, repair and retrofitting strategies, bridge reliability, fatigue and corrosion, extreme loads, advanced experimental simulations, and advanced computer simulations, among others. This volume provides both an up-to-date overview of the field of bridge engineering and significant contributions to the process of more rational decision-making on bridge maintenance, safety, risk, management and life-cycle performance of bridges for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. The Editors hope that these Proceedings will serve as a valuable reference to all concerned with bridge structure and infrastructure systems, including students, researchers and engineers from all areas of bridge engineering.

Advances in Computational Intelligence Systems

Advances in Computational Intelligence Systems Book
Author : Thomas Jansen,Richard Jensen,Neil Mac Parthaláin,Chih-Min Lin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-17
ISBN : 3030870944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the papers presented at the 20th UK Workshop on Computational Intelligence (UKCI 2021), held virtually by Aberystwyth University, 8–10th September 2021. This marks the 20th anniversary of UKCI; a testament to the increasing role and importance of Computational Intelligence (CI) and the continuing interest in its development. UKCI provides a forum for the academic community and industry to share ideas and experience in this field. EDMA 2021, the 4th International Engineering Data- and Model-Driven Applications workshop, is also incorporated and held in conjunction with UKCI 2021. Paper submissions were invited in the areas of fuzzy systems, neural networks, evolutionary computation, machine learning, data mining, cognitive computing, intelligent robotics, hybrid methods, deep learning and applications of CI.

Bridge Maintenance Safety Management Resilience and Sustainability

Bridge Maintenance  Safety  Management  Resilience and Sustainability Book
Author : Fabio Biondini,Dan M. Frangopol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-06-21
ISBN : 0203103386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Resilience and Sustainability contains the lectures and papers presented at The Sixth International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS 2012), held in Stresa, Lake Maggiore, Italy, 8-12 July, 2012. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts (800 pp) and a DVD (4057 pp) co

Maintenance Monitoring Safety Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks

Maintenance  Monitoring  Safety  Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks Book
Author : Tulio Nogueira Bittencourt,Dan M. Frangopol,Andre Beck
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-17
ISBN : 1498777031
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks contains the lectures and papers presented at the Eighth International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS 2016), held in Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil, 26-30 June, 2016. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts and a DVD containing the full papers of 369 contributions presented at IABMAS 2016, including the T.Y. Lin Lecture, eight Keynote Lectures, and 360 technical papers from 38 countries. The contributions deal with the state-of-the-art as well as emerging concepts and innovative applications related to all main aspects of bridge maintenance, safety, management, resilience and sustainability. Major topics covered include: advanced materials, ageing of bridges, assessment and evaluation, bridge codes, bridge diagnostics, bridge management systems, composites, damage identification, design for durability, deterioration modeling, earthquake and accidental loadings, emerging technologies, fatigue, field testing, financial planning, health monitoring, high performance materials, inspection, life-cycle performance and cost, load models, maintenance strategies, non-destructive testing, optimization strategies, prediction of future traffic demands, rehabilitation, reliability and risk management, repair, replacement, residual service life, resilience, robustness, safety and serviceability, service life prediction, strengthening, structural integrity, and sustainability. This volume provides both an up-to-date overview of the field of bridge engineering as well as significant contributions to the process of making more rational decisions concerning bridge maintenance, safety, serviceability, resilience, sustainability, monitoring, risk-based management, and life-cycle performance using traditional and emerging technologies for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. It will serve as a valuable reference to all involved with bridge structure and infrastructure systems, including students, researchers and engineers from all areas of bridge engineering.

Innovation Communication and Engineering

Innovation  Communication and Engineering Book
Author : Teen-Hang Meen,Stephen Prior,Artde Donald Kin-Tak Lam
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-10-08
ISBN : 1138001201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume represents the proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Innovation, Communication and Engineering (ICICE 2013). This conference was organized by the China University of Petroleum (Huadong/East China) and the Taiwanese Institute of Knowledge Innovation, and was held in Qingdao, Shandong, P.R. China, October 26 - November 1, 2013. The conference received 653 submitted papers from 10 countries, of which 214 papers were selected by the committees to be presented at ICICE 2013. The conference provided a unified communication platform for researchers in a wide range of fields from information technology, communication science, and applied mathematics, to computer science, advanced material science, design and engineering. This volume enables interdisciplinary collaboration between science and engineering technologists in academia and industry as well as networking internationally. Consists of a book of abstracts (260 pp.) and a USB flash card with full papers (912 pp.).

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering Towards an Integrated Vision

Life Cycle Analysis and Assessment in Civil Engineering  Towards an Integrated Vision Book
Author : Robby Caspeele,Luc Taerwe,Dan M. Frangopol
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-31
ISBN : 1351857568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the papers presented at IALCCE2018, the Sixth International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE2018), held in Ghent, Belgium, October 28-31, 2018. It consists of a book of extended abstracts and a USB device with full papers including the Fazlur R. Khan lecture, 8 keynote lectures, and 390 technical papers from all over the world. Contributions relate to design, inspection, assessment, maintenance or optimization in the framework of life-cycle analysis of civil engineering structures and infrastructure systems. Life-cycle aspects that are developed and discussed range from structural safety and durability to sustainability, serviceability, robustness and resilience. Applications relate to buildings, bridges and viaducts, highways and runways, tunnels and underground structures, off-shore and marine structures, dams and hydraulic structures, prefabricated design, infrastructure systems, etc. During the IALCCE2018 conference a particular focus is put on the cross-fertilization between different sub-areas of expertise and the development of an overall vision for life-cycle analysis in civil engineering. The aim of the editors is to provide a valuable source of cutting edge information for anyone interested in life-cycle analysis and assessment in civil engineering, including researchers, practising engineers, consultants, contractors, decision makers and representatives from local authorities.

Advances in Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks

Advances in Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks Book
Author : Matthijs Klomp,Fredrik Bruzelius,Jens Nielsen,Angela Hillemyr
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 3030380777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers together papers presented at the 26th IAVSD Symposium on Dynamics of Vehicles on Roads and Tracks, held on August 12 – 16, 2019, at the Lindholmen Conference Centre in Gothenburg, Sweden. It covers cutting-edge issues related to vehicle systems, including vehicle design, condition monitoring, wheel and rail contact, automated driving systems, suspension and ride analysis, and many more topics. Written by researchers and practitioners, the book offers a timely reference guide to the field of vehicle systems dynamics, and a source of inspiration for future research and collaborations.

Handbook of Performability Engineering

Handbook of Performability Engineering Book
Author : Krishna B. Misra
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-08-24
ISBN : 1848001312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dependability and cost effectiveness are primarily seen as instruments for conducting international trade in the free market environment. These factors cannot be considered in isolation of each other. This handbook considers all aspects of performability engineering. The book provides a holistic view of the entire life cycle of activities of the product, along with the associated cost of environmental preservation at each stage, while maximizing the performance.

Wheel Rail Interface Handbook

Wheel Rail Interface Handbook Book
Author : R. Lewis,U Olofsson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-09-25
ISBN : 1845696786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many of the engineering problems of particular importance to railways arise at interfaces and the safety-critical role of the wheel/rail interface is widely acknowledged. Better understanding of wheel/rail interfaces is therefore critical to improving the capacity, reliability and safety of the railway system. Wheel-rail interface handbook is a one-stop reference for railway engineering practitioners and academic researchers. Part one provides the fundamentals of contact mechanics, wear, fatigue and lubrication as well as state-of-the-art research and emerging technologies related to the wheel/rail interface and its management. Part two offers an overview of industrial practice from several different regions of the world, thereby providing an invaluable international perspective with practitioners’ experience of managing the wheel/rail interface in a variety of environments and circumstances. This comprehensive volume will enable practising railway engineers, in whatever discipline of railway engineering – infrastructure, vehicle design and safety, and so on – to enhance their understanding of wheel/rail issues, which have a major influence on the running of a reliable, efficient and safe railway. One-stop reference on the important topic of wheel rail-interfaces Presents the fundamentals of contact mechanics, wear, fatigue and lubrication Examines state-of-the-art research and emerging technologies related to wheel-rail interface and its management

Computational Methods for Fracture

Computational Methods for Fracture Book
Author : Timon Rabczuk
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 3039216864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a collection of 17 scientific papers about the computational modeling of fracture. Some of the manuscripts propose new computational methods and/or how to improve existing cutting edge methods for fracture. These contributions can be classified into two categories: 1. Methods which treat the crack as strong discontinuity such as peridynamics, scaled boundary elements or specific versions of the smoothed finite element methods applied to fracture and 2. Continuous approaches to fracture based on, for instance, phase field models or continuum damage mechanics. On the other hand, the book also offers a wide range of applications where state-of-the-art techniques are employed to solve challenging engineering problems such as fractures in rock, glass, concrete. Also, larger systems such as fracture in subway stations due to fire, arch dams, or concrete decks are studied.