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Fate And Impact Of Microplastics In Marine Ecosystems

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MICRO 2016 Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems

MICRO 2016  Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems Book
Author : Juan Baztan,Bethany Jorgensen,Sabine Pahl,Richard C. Thompson,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-29
ISBN : 0128122722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems: From the Coastline to the Open Sea brings together highlights from the conference proceedings for MICRO 2016: Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems: From the Coastline to the Open Sea. While the presence of microplastics in ecosystems has been reported in the scientific literature since the 1970’s, many pressing questions regarding their impacts remain unresolved. This short format title draws from the shared scientific and technical material and summarizes the current research and future outlook. Includes a range of topics, from macro- to microplastics Presents data from source to sink, including occurrence and distribution of microplastics in freshwater bodies, coastal zones, and the open ocean Presents the impacts of microplastics on marine life as well as microplastics as vectors of biological and chemical contaminants Provides important analysis on solutions and next steps

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

Marine Anthropogenic Litter Book
Author : Melanie Bergmann,Lars Gutow,Michael Klages
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 3319165100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments Book
Author : Eddy Y Zeng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-17
ISBN : 0128137487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microplastic Contamination in Aquatic Environments: An Emerging Matter of Environmental Urgency comprehensively illustrates the traditional and advanced technologies on sampling, identification and quantification of microplastic from different environmental media. Contributors summarize and discuss recent research on microplastic and examine studies on nano-sized plastic particles. Chapters cover a full range of microplastic research, including global distribution, detection, environmental fate, biological effects and political legislation. Users will find the book to be a comprehensive overview of microplastic research that is ideal for research and understanding on the occurrence of microplastic in aquatic environments. Provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different methods for sampling, identification and enumeration of microplastics Contains contributions from world experts with a diverse range of backgrounds, all brought together by a well-known, experienced editor Presents information on microplastics in a unified place, with easy access for the reader

Microplastic in the Environment Pattern and Process

Microplastic in the Environment  Pattern and Process Book
Author : Michael S. Bank
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-09
ISBN : 3030786277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book examines global plastic pollution, an issue that has become a critical societal challenge with implications for environmental and public health. This volume provides a comprehensive, holistic analysis on the plastic cycle and its subsequent effects on biota, food security, and human exposure. Importantly, global environmental change and its associated, systems-level processes, including atmospheric deposition, ecosystem complexity, UV exposure, wind patterns, water stratification, ocean circulation, etc., are all important direct and indirect factors governing the fate, transport and biotic and abiotic processing of plastic particles across ecosystem types. Furthermore, the distribution of plastic in the ocean is not independent of terrestrial ecosystem dynamics, since much of the plastic in marine ecosystems originates from land and should therefore be evaluated in the context of the larger plastic cycle. Changes in species size, distribution, habitat, and food web complexity, due to global environmental change, will likely alter trophic transfer dynamics and the ecological effects of nano- and microplastics. The fate and transport dynamics of plastic particles are influenced by their size, form, shape, polymer type, additives, and overall ecosystem conditions. In addition to the risks that plastics pose to the total environment, the potential impacts on human health and exposure routes, including seafood consumption, and air and drinking water need to be assessed in a comprehensive and quantitative manner. Here I present a holistic and interdisciplinary book volume designed to advance the understanding of plastic cycling in the environment with an emphasis on sources, fate and transport, ecotoxicology, climate change effects, food security, microbiology, sustainability, human exposure and public policy.

Freshwater Microplastics

Freshwater Microplastics Book
Author : Martin Wagner,Scott Lambert
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319616153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume focuses on microscopic plastic debris, also referred to as microplastics, which have been detected in aquatic environments around the globe and have accordingly raised serious concerns. The book explores whether microplastics represent emerging contaminants in freshwater systems, an area that remains underrepresented to date. Given the complexity of the issue, the book covers the current state-of-research on microplastics in rivers and lakes, including analytical aspects, environmental concentrations and sources, modelling approaches, interactions with biota, and ecological implications. To provide a broader perspective, the book also discusses lessons learned from nanomaterials and the implications of plastic debris for regulation, politics, economy, and society. In a research field that is rapidly evolving, it offers a solid overview for environmental chemists, engineers, and toxicologists, as well as water managers and policy-makers.

YOUMARES 9 the Oceans Our Research Our Future

YOUMARES 9   the Oceans  Our Research  Our Future Book
Author : Simon Jungblut,Viola Liebich,Maya Bode-Dalby
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-01
ISBN : 3030203891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book summarizes peer-reviewed articles and the abstracts of oral and poster presentations given during the YOUMARES 9 conference which took place in Oldenburg, Germany, in September 2018. The aims of this book are to summarize state-of-the-art knowledge in marine sciences and to inspire scientists of all career stages in the development of further research. These conferences are organized by and for young marine researchers. Qualified early-career researchers, who moderated topical sessions during the conference, contributed literature reviews on specific topics within their research field. .

Microplastic Pollution

Microplastic Pollution Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-14
ISBN : 9811602972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the emergent need to act on reducing or getting rid of micro plastic pollution, to achieve a sustainable environment. Microplastics are small plastic pieces, which are less than five millimeters long which can be harmful to our oceans and aquatic life. These predominantly include microfibers from clothing, microbeads, and plastic pellets. Microplastics impact aquatic creatures, turtles and birds. According to the first study on estimation of human ingestion of microplastic, on average a person consumes at least 50,000 particles of microplastic a year and breathes a similar quantity. Ingested microplastic particles can physically damage organs and also compromise immune function and stymie growth and reproduction. This book presents six informative chapters in order to alleviate the above mentioned issues​.

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-19
ISBN : 0444638997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics, Volume 75, aims to fulfill the gap on the existence of published analytical methodologies for the identification and quantification of microplastics. This overview includes the following main topics: introduction to the fate and behavior of microplastics in the environment, assessment of sampling techniques and sample handling, morphological, physical, and chemical characterization of microplastics, and the role of laboratory experiments in the validation of field data. The characterization and analysis of microplastics is a hot topic considering the current need for reliable data on concentrations of microplastics in environmental compartments. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the analytical techniques and future perspectives of analytical methodologies in the field. Concise, comprehensive coverage of analytical techniques and applications Clear diagrams adequately support important topics Includes real examples that illustrate applications of the analytical techniques on the sampling, characterization, and analysis of microplastics

Microplastics in the Marine Environment Sources Distribution Biological Effects and Socio Economic Impacts

Microplastics in the Marine Environment  Sources  Distribution  Biological Effects and Socio Economic Impacts Book
Author : André Ricardo Araújo Lima,Juliana Assunção Ivar do Sul,João P. G. L. Frias,Cristina Panti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-06-09
ISBN : 2889668711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Microplastics in the Marine Environment Sources Distribution Biological Effects and Socio Economic Impacts book written by André Ricardo Araújo Lima,Juliana Assunção Ivar do Sul,João P. G. L. Frias,Cristina Panti, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment

Handbook of Microplastics in the Environment Book
Author : Teresa Rocha-Santos,Mónica Costa,Catherine Mouneyrac
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2022-04-09
ISBN : 9783030390402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This reference work presents an authoritative review of microplastics as vectors of environmental contaminants and provides a comprehensive coverage of their ecotoxicological and toxicological effects. Divided into four sections, this book outlines the current analytical techniques and applications for sampling, processing analysis, and data reporting of microplastics pollution in the environment, explores microplastics degradation and interaction with chemical pollutants, discusses the fate and behaviour of microplastics in the environment, and provides valuable insights about prevention, regulation and remediation of microplastics pollution. Written by interdisciplinary expert academics and practitioners, this reference work will appeal to a wide readership of students, researchers and professionals interested in this field, including marine scientists, environmental scientists, analytical chemists, organic chemists, biochemists, biologists, polymer scientists, and toxicologists.

Impacts of Marine Litter

Impacts of Marine Litter Book
Author : Luisa Galgani,Ricardo Beiras,Francois Galgani,Cristina Panti,Angel Borja
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-08-15
ISBN : 2889459314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Impacts of Marine Litter book written by Luisa Galgani,Ricardo Beiras,Francois Galgani,Cristina Panti,Angel Borja, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Toxicology

Toxicology Book
Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-10-26
ISBN : 9535127160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book, Toxicology - New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum, is intended to provide an overview on the different xenobiotics employed every day in our anthropogenic activities. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the implications for the living species of known and new toxicants and to guide them in the future investigations.

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture

Microplastics in fisheries and aquaculture  Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-11-09
ISBN : 9251098824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the occurrence and effects of microplastics on aquatic organisms, with recommendations regarding seafood safety and security, environmental risk assessment approaches and targeted monitoring of microplastics in the environment.

Microplastics in Terrestrial Environments

Microplastics in Terrestrial Environments Book
Author : Defu He,Yongming Luo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 3030562719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on microplastics as emerging persistent contaminants in terrestrial environments. Scientists from around the globe review recent advances in multi-disciplinary research on micro(nano)plastics, including analytical methods; the sources, fate and distribution of microplastics; ecological risks; toxicity and health risks; and control and countermeasures for microplastics in terrestrial environments. Offering a comprehensive overview of microplastics in terrestrial environments, the book is a valuable resource for environmental researchers, ecologists and toxicologists, as well as for policymakers and non-experts.

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Microplastic Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Microplastic Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea Book
Author : Mariacristina Cocca,Emilia Di Pace,Maria Emanuela Errico,Gennaro Gentile,Alessio Montarsolo,Raffaella Mossotti,Maurizio Avella
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-23
ISBN : 3030459098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a broad range of issues concerning microplastic pollution, including microplastic pollution in various environments (freshwater, marine, air and soil); the sources, fate and effects of microplastics; detection systems for microplastic pollution monitoring; green approaches for the synthesis of environmentally friendly polymers; recovery and recycling of marine plastics; wastewater treatment plants as a microplastic entrance route; nanoplastics as emerging pollutants; degradation of plastics in the marine environment; impacts of microplastics on marine life; microplastics: from marine pollution to the human food chain; mitigation of microplastic impacts and innovative solutions; sampling, extraction, purification and identification approaches for microplastics; adsorption and transport of pollutants on and in microplastics; and lastly, the socio-economic and environmental impacts: assessment and risk analysis. In addition to presenting cutting-edge information and highlighting current trends and issues, the book proposes concrete solutions to help face this significant environmental threat. It is chiefly intended for researchers and industry decision-makers; international, national and local institutions; and NGOs, providing them with comprehensive information on the origin of the problem; its effects on marine environments, with a particular focus on the Mediterranean Sea and coasts; and recent and ongoing research activities and projects aimed at finding technical solutions to mitigate the phenomenon.

Emerging Contaminants

Emerging Contaminants Book
Author : Aurel Nuro
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-05-27
ISBN : 1839624183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Contaminants presents the reader with information on classification, recent studies, and adverse effects on the environment and human health of the main classes of contaminants. Emerging contaminants are synthetic or natural compounds and microorganisms produced and used by humans that cause adverse ecological and human health effects when they reach the environment. This book is organized into four sections that cover the classification of contaminants and the instrumental techniques used to quantify them, recent studies on pesticides, antibiotics as an important group of emerging contaminants, and studies of different classes of emerging contaminants such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), microplastics, and others.

Micro and macro plastics in marine species from Nordic waters

Micro and macro plastics in marine species from Nordic waters Book
Author : Inger Lise N. Bråte, Bastian Huwer,Kevin V. Thomas,David P. Eidsvoll, Claudia Halsband,Bethanie Carney Almroth,Amy Lusher
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release : 2017-09-15
ISBN : 9289351209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report summarises the knowledge on plastics in Nordic marine species. Nordic biota interacts with plastic pollution, through entanglement and ingestion. Ingestion has been found in many seabirds and also in stranded mammals. Ingestion of plastics has been documented in 14 fish species, which many of them are of ecology and commercially importance. Microplastics have also been found in blue mussels and preliminary studies found synthetic fibres in marine worms. Comparability between and within studies of plastic ingestion by biota from the Nordic environment and other regions are difficult as there are: few studies and different methods are used. It is important that research is directed towards the knowledge gaps highlighted in this report, to get a better understanding on plastic ingestion and impact on biota from the Nordic marine environment.

Reckoning with the U S Role in Global Ocean Plastic Waste

Reckoning with the U S  Role in Global Ocean Plastic Waste Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academies Of Sciences Engineeri,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the United States Contributions to Global Ocean Plastic Waste
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-09
ISBN : 9780309458856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An estimated 8 million metric tons (MMT) of plastic waste enters the world's ocean each year - the equivalent of dumping a garbage truck of plastic waste into the ocean every minute. Plastic waste is now found in almost every marine habitat, from the ocean surface to deep sea sediments to the ocean's vast mid-water region, as well as the Great Lakes. This report responds to a request in the bipartisan Save Our Seas 2.0 Act for a scientific synthesis of the role of the United States both in contributing to and responding to global ocean plastic waste. The United States is a major producer of plastics and in 2016, generated more plastic waste by weight and per capita than any other nation. Although the U.S. solid waste management system is advanced, it is not sufficient to deter leakage into the environment. Reckoning with the U.S. Role in Global Ocean Plastic Waste calls for a national strategy by the end of 2022 to reduce the nation's contribution to global ocean plastic waste at every step - from production to its entry into the environment - including by substantially reducing U.S. solid waste generation. This report also recommends a nationally-coordinated and expanded monitoring system to track plastic pollution in order to understand the scales and sources of U.S. plastic waste, set reduction and management priorities, and measure progress.

Microplastics in Marine Ecosystem

Microplastics in Marine Ecosystem Book
Author : Shobhika Parmar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2023
ISBN : 9781003312086
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book addresses pertinent issues relating to microplastic pollution including its sources and sink of the microplastics and their environmental fate. It focusses on the impacts of microplastic pollution on the marine life and human health. Available conventional methods and future solution for the prevention and control of the marine microplastic pollution, such as bacterial and marine fungus biodegradation, membrane technology and bioengineered microbes are included along with limitations and future challenges. Features: Provides detailed insight into the marine microplastics pollution, fate, health impacts, and removal technology. Reviews ecological risks and environmental fate of microplastic pollution to the marine ecosystem. Describes control and prevention methods of the microplastics pollution. Covers global legislature for the mitigation of microplastic to the marine environment. Discusses role of community participation for the reduction of microplastic emissions. This book is aimed at researchers and professionals in environmental engineering, science, and chemistry, marine pollution, marine and aquatic science"--

Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics

Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics Book
Author : United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Publisher : United Nations
Release : 2016-05-11
ISBN : 9210601602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report presents both short- and long-term approaches to the problem of marine plastic debris and micro plastics. It provides an overview of the latest science and experiences, identifies priority areas of action, and points out areas requiring more research. Improved waste management is urgently needed to reduce the flow of plastic into our oceans.