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Fate And Impact Of Microplastics In Marine Ecosystems

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MICRO 2016 Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems

MICRO 2016  Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems Book
Author : Juan Baztan,Bethany Jorgensen,Sabine Pahl,Richard C. Thompson,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-29
ISBN : 0128122722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems: From the Coastline to the Open Sea brings together highlights from the conference proceedings for MICRO 2016: Fate and Impact of Microplastics in Marine Ecosystems: From the Coastline to the Open Sea. While the presence of microplastics in ecosystems has been reported in the scientific literature since the 1970’s, many pressing questions regarding their impacts remain unresolved. This short format title draws from the shared scientific and technical material and summarizes the current research and future outlook. Includes a range of topics, from macro- to microplastics Presents data from source to sink, including occurrence and distribution of microplastics in freshwater bodies, coastal zones, and the open ocean Presents the impacts of microplastics on marine life as well as microplastics as vectors of biological and chemical contaminants Provides important analysis on solutions and next steps

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Microplastic Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea

Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Microplastic Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea Book
Author : Mariacristina Cocca,Emilia Di Pace,Maria Emanuela Errico,Gennaro Gentile,Alessio Montarsolo,Raffaella Mossotti,Maurizio Avella
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-23
ISBN : 3030459098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a broad range of issues concerning microplastic pollution, including microplastic pollution in various environments (freshwater, marine, air and soil); the sources, fate and effects of microplastics; detection systems for microplastic pollution monitoring; green approaches for the synthesis of environmentally friendly polymers; recovery and recycling of marine plastics; wastewater treatment plants as a microplastic entrance route; nanoplastics as emerging pollutants; degradation of plastics in the marine environment; impacts of microplastics on marine life; microplastics: from marine pollution to the human food chain; mitigation of microplastic impacts and innovative solutions; sampling, extraction, purification and identification approaches for microplastics; adsorption and transport of pollutants on and in microplastics; and lastly, the socio-economic and environmental impacts: assessment and risk analysis. In addition to presenting cutting-edge information and highlighting current trends and issues, the book proposes concrete solutions to help face this significant environmental threat. It is chiefly intended for researchers and industry decision-makers; international, national and local institutions; and NGOs, providing them with comprehensive information on the origin of the problem; its effects on marine environments, with a particular focus on the Mediterranean Sea and coasts; and recent and ongoing research activities and projects aimed at finding technical solutions to mitigate the phenomenon.

Future Of Marine Life In A Changing Ocean The The Fate Of Marine Organisms And Processes Under Climate Change And Other Types Of Human Perturbation

Future Of Marine Life In A Changing Ocean  The  The Fate Of Marine Organisms And Processes Under Climate Change And Other Types Of Human Perturbation Book
Author : M Debora Iglesias-rodriguez
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2019-12-24
ISBN : 178634744X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together the state of our knowledge on the interactions between climate change and marine biota. It focusses broadly on the environmental stressors during the Anthropocene period; when human activities started to have a significant global impact on earth's geological imprint and ecosystems. This period of rapid change is accompanied by rising carbon dioxide levels, increasing global temperatures, loss of oxygen in aquatic systems, and the fast release of pollutants into the environment among many other environmental stressors originating from large scale human activities, such as widespread overfishing.The Future of Marine Life in a Changing Ocean starts by providing the reader with a brief background on fundamental concepts in ocean science and climate. It then moves on to a brief description of recent changes in marine chemistry such as ocean acidification, a decline in oxygen levels in the oceans, ocean warming, and marine pollution, with some examples of shifts in ecosystem diversity. The chapters discuss these topics in the context of how a changing ocean impacts ecosystem health, the biological carbon pump, the sequestration of carbon dioxide from the surface ocean into the deep sea, and the perceived notion of the ocean's unlimited resilience to maintain its role as a 'carbon reservoir'. Topics include threats to marine diversity, ecosystem function, latitudinal shifts in productivity and diversity, and changes in global cycling of elements such as carbon. It concludes with an analysis of the impact of climate change on food security.Written for undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in the natural and social sciences, this book provides a science background to study environmental change in marine ecosystems as well as a science framework to study policy, marine law and the economics of climate change. This book is an essential read for anyone hoping to understand key challenges facing our oceans.

Microplastic in the Environment Pattern and Process

Microplastic in the Environment  Pattern and Process Book
Author : Michael S. Bank
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-09
ISBN : 3030786277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book examines global plastic pollution, an issue that has become a critical societal challenge with implications for environmental and public health. This volume provides a comprehensive, holistic analysis on the plastic cycle and its subsequent effects on biota, food security, and human exposure. Importantly, global environmental change and its associated, systems-level processes, including atmospheric deposition, ecosystem complexity, UV exposure, wind patterns, water stratification, ocean circulation, etc., are all important direct and indirect factors governing the fate, transport and biotic and abiotic processing of plastic particles across ecosystem types. Furthermore, the distribution of plastic in the ocean is not independent of terrestrial ecosystem dynamics, since much of the plastic in marine ecosystems originates from land and should therefore be evaluated in the context of the larger plastic cycle. Changes in species size, distribution, habitat, and food web complexity, due to global environmental change, will likely alter trophic transfer dynamics and the ecological effects of nano- and microplastics. The fate and transport dynamics of plastic particles are influenced by their size, form, shape, polymer type, additives, and overall ecosystem conditions. In addition to the risks that plastics pose to the total environment, the potential impacts on human health and exposure routes, including seafood consumption, and air and drinking water need to be assessed in a comprehensive and quantitative manner. Here I present a holistic and interdisciplinary book volume designed to advance the understanding of plastic cycling in the environment with an emphasis on sources, fate and transport, ecotoxicology, climate change effects, food security, microbiology, sustainability, human exposure and public policy.

Mare Plasticum The Plastic Sea

Mare Plasticum   The Plastic Sea Book
Author : Marilena Streit-Bianchi,Margarita Cimadevila,Wolfgang Trettnak
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-23
ISBN : 3030389456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, written by a multidisciplinary team of authors comprising scientists, artists and communicators, explores one of the most pressing issues of our time – the menace plastics pose to marine environments and organisms. It takes readers on a journey that begins on the beaches of Galicia, where the beach litter formed the starting point for an exhibition that combines art and science to alert the audience to the urgent need for action. The journey culminates with a short “plastic story”, which reveals a disturbing vision of the future significance of plastics for humans, and an example of how comics can deliver information to a younger audience. Along the way there is plenty of fascinating science, such as insights into the impacts of plastics and microplastics; the new marine ecosystem, known as the “plastisphere”; and the current status of the oceans, from the Arctic to the Mediterranean. The book also explores the historical developments; sustainable solutions, including the use of circular economy methodologies; and protective measures, like those being tried in China and the Far East. Lastly, it describes the role played by rivers as transport vectors for plastic, with special reference to the Danube, and to complete the picture, since most of the plastic is of terrestrial origin, it investigates problems related to microplastics in soils.

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-19
ISBN : 0444638997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization and Analysis of Microplastics, Volume 75, aims to fulfill the gap on the existence of published analytical methodologies for the identification and quantification of microplastics. This overview includes the following main topics: introduction to the fate and behavior of microplastics in the environment, assessment of sampling techniques and sample handling, morphological, physical, and chemical characterization of microplastics, and the role of laboratory experiments in the validation of field data. The characterization and analysis of microplastics is a hot topic considering the current need for reliable data on concentrations of microplastics in environmental compartments. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the analytical techniques and future perspectives of analytical methodologies in the field. Concise, comprehensive coverage of analytical techniques and applications Clear diagrams adequately support important topics Includes real examples that illustrate applications of the analytical techniques on the sampling, characterization, and analysis of microplastics

The Montenegrin Adriatic Coast

The Montenegrin Adriatic Coast Book
Author : Danijela Joksimović,Mirko Đurović,Igor S. Zonn,Andrey G. Kostianoy,Aleksander V. Semenov
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 3030776298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the second of two volumes that together provide an integrated picture of the Montenegrin Adriatic coast, presenting the natural components of the system as well as the chemical composition and chemical processes in the extended area. This book covers all aspects of marine chemistry such as the hydrographic and oceanographic characteristics of seawater, the toxicity of heavy metals in the marine environment, the quality of marinas and maritime areas, and the legal regime for protecting the marine environment from pollution. Given the breadth and depth of its coverage, the book offers an invaluable source of information for researchers, students and environmental managers alike.

Marine Anthropogenic Litter

Marine Anthropogenic Litter Book
Author : Melanie Bergmann,Lars Gutow,Michael Klages
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 3319165100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.

Chemical and Ecotoxicological Assessment of Microplastics and Emerging Risks in the Coastal Environments

Chemical and Ecotoxicological Assessment of Microplastics and Emerging Risks in the Coastal Environments Book
Author : Gabriella Francesca Schirinzi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"In recent decades, global plastics production and consumption have continued to increase. Although many policy strategies on waste prevention and recycling have been implemented, much of the plastic waste is dispersed in nature. In general, the presence of waste in the aquatic environment is a serious environmental problem, well known as marine waste, and is responsible for environmental, economic, health and aesthetic problems at the ocean and regional level and the dominant category of waste is plastics. Due to their chemical persistence, buoyancy and increased sources, plastic objects and their fragments (known as "microplastics" (MPLs) and "nanoplastics" (NPLs)) are omnipresent in the marine environment, especially in closed basins such as the Mediterranean Sea. Nowadays, given the increasing levels of plastic pollution in marine environments, MPL/NPL are considered emerging pollutants that can pose a serious threat to marine ecology and human health. Despite constant scientific progress, large gaps in knowledge about the fate, distribution, behaviour and effects of MPLs/NPLs have not yet been filled. In this context, this thesis aimed to expand knowledge on plastic pollution in coastal environments. In particular, the first part of the study focused on the river transport of plastics and the fate and behaviour of MPLs/NPLs in estuaries and coastal waters. The results of one year of visual observations of floating anthropogenic macro-litters (> 2.5 cm) of the Llobregat and Besòs Rivers showed that the Barcelona metropolitan area contributes substantially to marine pollution. Large quantities of plastic (mainly single-use goods) were transported from these rivers to the western Mediterranean Sea. Given the significant contribution of plastic waste from rivers, valuable information can be obtained by assessing the spatial distribution of MPLs/NPLs in estuarine environments. To perform these studies, several analytical techniques based on mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/MS, DART-MS, and LC-APPI-HRMS) were compared for the quantitative analysis of MPLs/NPLs in water samples. The best results in terms of sensitivity were obtained with dimensional exclusion-LC coupled with APPI-QExactive. Consequently, a new LC-HRMS method was optimized, validated and finally applied to assess the presence of PS in natural water samples from the Ebro Delta (Catalonia, Spain). The results reported the highest concentrations along the river near urban areas and in the bay where important commercial fishing activities are established. In addition to plastic pollution, estuaries can be highly contaminated with persistent organic pollutants, especially from wastewater. Since MPLs may also be responsible for the transport and distribution of pollutants, the absorption behaviour of MPLs with perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs) in freshwater and seawater has been assessed. An increase in adsorption capacity was observed in this order PS>PS-COOH>PE.As demonstrated by these results, the plastic pollution of coastal ecosystems, from macro to nano, is a real problem that can lead to serious damage to both nature and society. To protect the coastal environment, its productivity and humans, it is necessary to assess the ecotoxicological impacts on marine organisms and human health. In this regard, a new digestion approach has been developed to determine the presence of MPLs in the gastrointestinal tracts of a sentinel species in the Western Mediterranean. The high frequency of plastics and the types of polymers reported in this study confirmed the negative impacts of local fishing gear. Although the ingestion of MPLs by marine organisms is a widely recognised effect of marine plastic waste, very limited data are available on the impact of MPLs, and especially NPLs, on human health. Therefore, cytotoxic effects at the cellular level after exposure to moderate concentrations of PS and PE particles of nanometric size have been assessed. Significant results were reported only at high concentrations of PS.In conclusion, the work presented in this thesis has successfully filled some of the various gaps in knowledge about plastic pollution and its effects. In the future, further tools should be promoted to facilitate the overall analysis of smaller MPLs, including NPLs." -- TDX.

Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food

Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food Book
Author : Leo M.L. Nollet,Khwaja Salahuddin Siddiqi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-03
ISBN : 0429891229
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world’s ever increasing use of plastics has created large areas of floating plastic waste in the oceans—so-called plastic soup. This floating plastic debris is gradually fragmenting into smaller particles which eventually become microplastics, and even nanoplastics. Analysis of Nanoplastics and Microplastics in Food compiles data on nanoplastics and microplastics in food. To date, there is some data on this, particularly for the marine environment. Fish show high concentrations, but because microplastics are mostly present in the stomach and intestines, they are usually removed and consumers are not exposed. But in crustaceans and bivalve molluscs like oysters and mussels, the digestive tract is consumed, so there is some exposure. Microplastics have also been reported in honey, beer, and table salt. Key Features: Discusses sampling and analysis of nano- and microplastics Details the impacts of plastic residues in diverse compartments of the environment Includes a discussion of microplastics in freshwater Discusses interactions of microplastics and POPs This book brings to light the reality—and dangers—of microplastics in food. Pollutants like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) can accumulate in microplastics. Some studies suggest that, after consuming microplastics in food, these substances may transfer into tissues. So, it is important to estimate the average intake. Since engineered nanoparticles (from different types of nanomaterials) can enter human cells, this reality can pose consequences for human health. Also available in the Food Analysis and Properties Series: Mass Spectrometry Imaging in Food Analysis, edited by Leo M. L. Nollet (ISBN: 978-1-138-37069-2) Proteomics for Food Authentication, edited by Leo M. L. Nollet and Semih Ӧtleş (ISBN: 978-0-367-20505-8) Food Aroma Evolution: During Food Processing, Cooking, and Aging, edited by Matteo Bordiga and Leo M. L. Nollet (ISBN: 978-1-138-33824-1) For a complete list of books in this series, please visit our website at: www.crcpress.com/Food-Analysis--Properties/book-series/CRCFOODANPRO

Contaminants of the Great Lakes

Contaminants of the Great Lakes Book
Author : Jill Crossman,Chris Weisener
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 3030578747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the globally important freshwater resource of the Great Lakes, which is currently threatened by contaminants that compromise water quality and impact its ecological and economic health. Divided into four parts, this volume covers historic, current and emerging sources of contamination from heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants to microplastics; and identifies their ecological impacts. Due to factors ranging from rapidly changing land use practices, climate change and our emerging understanding of their impact on biological, chemical and physical interactions, the effectiveness of management strategies has proven highly variable. Continued enhancements in the rate of lake recovery are required to sustain the health of the Great Lakes. Accordingly, the book also explores recent advances in contaminant detection, along with future steps forward in lake management approaches. Revealing our current knowledge gaps and providing a roadmap towards sustainable solutions, the book offers a valuable asset for scientists, managers and the public alike.

Plastics in the Environment Understanding Impacts and Identifying Solutions

Plastics in the Environment  Understanding Impacts and Identifying Solutions Book
Author : Montserrat Filella,Hans Peter Heinrich Arp,Andrew Turner
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-07-15
ISBN : 2889710483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Plastics in the Environment Understanding Impacts and Identifying Solutions book written by Montserrat Filella,Hans Peter Heinrich Arp,Andrew Turner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Contamination of Water

Contamination of Water Book
Author : Arif Ahamad,Sharf Elahi Siddiqui,Pardeep Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 0128240598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contamination of Water: Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies takes an interconnected look at various pollutants, sources of contamination, the effects of contamination on aquatic ecosystems and human health, and potential mitigation strategies. The book begins by examining the sources of potential contamination, including the current scenario of dyes, heavy metals, pesticides and oils contamination as well as regions impacted due to industrialization, mining or urbanization. It then analyzes various methods of water contamination, assesses health risk and adverse effects on those impacted, and concludes with an exploration of efficient, low-cost treatment technologies that remove toxic pollutants from the water. This book incorporates both theoretical and practical information that will be useful for researchers, professors, graduate students and professionals working on water contamination, environmental and health impacts, and the management and treatment of water resources. Provides practical case studies of various types of contamination and sources in different regions Offers an overview of inorganic and organic contaminants and their impact on human health Evaluates several low-cost, efficient and effective water treatment technologies to remove toxins from water and minimize risk

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater

Microplastics in Water and Wastewater Book
Author : Hrissi K. Karapanagioti,Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2019-09-15
ISBN : 1789060028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the topic of microplastics in water and wastewater. The chapters start with introductory issues related to the growing interest in the scientific community on microplastics and the human water cycle and point out where the microplastics could interact with water. The subsequent chapters examine evidence of the microplastic presence in freshwater, such as in both rivers and lakes, in freshwater biota, and hazardous chemicals associated with microplastics in such systems. Another set of chapters discuss the presence of microplastics in wastewater: their sources; their transfer through a wastewater treatment plant; the concentration of microplastics in effluents throughout the world; the plastic biomedia used in wastewater treatment plants and the effect on the surrounding environment of effluent wastewater pipes. These chapters also discuss the sampling methods, the sample treatment and analysis techniques used so far for microplastics in wastewater. Additionally, the presence of microplastics in sewage sludge and in soils irrigated with wastewater or fertilized with sludge are discussed. The possible impact of plastics and their additives on plants, microalgae, and humans are reviewed and presented in a critical way. Finally, a chapter summarizes all the relevant regulations and initiatives that point to the necessity of a global directive for the protection of the environment from plastic and microplastic pollution. The topic of microplastics in freshwater systems and in wastewater has scarcely been studied and requires more attention. Microplastics in Water and Wastewater aims to bring these initial findings to the attention of a broader audience and especially to operators and managers of freshwater and wastewater systems. It will also be helpful to people already aware of the marine debris problem to understand the sources of microplastics in the oceans, from freshwater systems and wastewater treatment plants.

Microplastics in marine bivalves from the Nordic environment

Microplastics in marine bivalves from the Nordic environment Book
Author : Bråte, Inger Lise N.,Hurley, Rachel,Lusher, Amy,Buenaventura, Nina,Hultman, Maria,Halsband, Claudia,Green, Norman
Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
Release : 2022-01-20
ISBN : 9289365218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Available online: https://pub.norden.org/temanord2020-504/ Abstract [en] Microplastics in marine bivalves from the Nordic environment: MP were analysed in mussels at 100 sites from Grenland to the Baltic. MP were found in 4 out of 5 species. The coastal waters of the North Sea, Kattegat, Skagerrak, and the western Baltic appear to be areas of MP accumulation. Mussels from urbanized areas and harbours contained the most MP. The abundance of MP was especially high in the Oslofjord. A total of 11 different polymer types were detected through 3 chemical characterisation methodes. Black rubbery particles, possibly derived from tyre wear, were the dominant particle type. The presence of rubber compounds was confirmed for Blue mussels (Mytilus) in analysis using pyrolysis GC-MS. This is the first study to document these polymer types in mussels. Mussels, especially Mytilus spp., Limecola balthica and Abra nitida are suitable for monitoring of MP in Nordic waters.

Advances in Remediation Techniques for Polluted Soils and Groundwater

Advances in Remediation Techniques for Polluted Soils and Groundwater Book
Author : Pankaj Kumar Gupta,Basant Yadav,Sushil Kumar Himanshu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-12-13
ISBN : 0128238445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Remediation Techniques for Polluted Soils and Groundwater focuses on the thematic areas for assessment, mitigation, and management of polluted sites. This book covers advances in modelling approaches, including Machine Learning (ML)/ Artificial Intelligence (AI) applications; GIS and remote sensing; sensors; impacts of climate change on geogenic contaminants; and socio-economic impacts in the poor rural and urban areas, which are lacking in a more comprehensive manner in the previous titles. This book encompasses updated information as well as future directions for researchers working in the field of management and remediation of polluted sites. Introduces fate and transport of multi-pollutants under varying subsurface conditions Details underlying mechanisms of biodegradation and biodetoxification of geogenic, industrial and emerging pollutants Presents recent advances and challenges in assessment, water quality modeling, uncertainty, and water supply management Provides authoritative contributions on the diverse aspects of management and remediation from leading experts around the world

Freshwater Microplastics

Freshwater Microplastics Book
Author : Martin Wagner,Scott Lambert
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319616153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume focuses on microscopic plastic debris, also referred to as microplastics, which have been detected in aquatic environments around the globe and have accordingly raised serious concerns. The book explores whether microplastics represent emerging contaminants in freshwater systems, an area that remains underrepresented to date. Given the complexity of the issue, the book covers the current state-of-research on microplastics in rivers and lakes, including analytical aspects, environmental concentrations and sources, modelling approaches, interactions with biota, and ecological implications. To provide a broader perspective, the book also discusses lessons learned from nanomaterials and the implications of plastic debris for regulation, politics, economy, and society. In a research field that is rapidly evolving, it offers a solid overview for environmental chemists, engineers, and toxicologists, as well as water managers and policy-makers.

Polymer Waste Management

Polymer Waste Management Book
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-28
ISBN : 1119536391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the huge amount of plastics floating in the oceans, fish and other sea creatures are directly suffering the consequences. On land, city leaders and planners are banning one-use plastics as well as plastic bags from grocery stores in an effort to stem the use. Many countries have made official announcements and warnings concerning the pollution caused from plastic wastes. These urgent developments have stimulated the author to study the problem and write Polymer Waste Management. Plastic recycling refers to a method that retrieves the original plastic material. However, there are many sophisticated methods available for the treatment and management of waste plastics such as basic primary recycling, where the materials are sorted and collected individually. In chemical recycling, the monomers and related compounds are processed by special chemical treatments. Other methods, such as pyrolysis, can produce fuels from waste plastics. These methods and others are treated comprehensively in the book This ground-breaking book also discusses: General aspects, such as amount of plastics production, types of waste plastics, analysis procedures for identification of waste plastic types, standards for waste treatment, contaminants in recycled plastics. Environmental aspects, such as pollution in the marine environment and landfills. The advantages of the use of bio-based plastics. Recycling methods for individual plastic types and special catalysts.

Marine Pollution

Marine Pollution Book
Author : Ricardo Beiras
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-19
ISBN : 0128137371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marine Pollution: Sources, Fate and Effects of Pollutants in Coastal Ecosystems bring together the theoretical background on common and emerging marine pollutants and their effects on organisms (ecotoxicology). Written by a well-renowned expert in the field who is a researcher, teacher and advisor of national and international institutions on issues, such as oil spills, water quality assessment and plastic pollution, the book offers a thorough account of the effects (ecotoxicology) of pollutants on marine organisms and the public health implications, along with the biological tools advocated by the international institutions for marine pollution monitoring. Marine Pollution: Sources, Fate and Effects of Pollutants in Coastal Ecosystems presents information in a rigorous and contrasted manner derived from a comprehensive review of solid scientific knowledge, but also illustrated with examples of practical applications. Contains up-to-date background levels and regulations on marine pollutants Conveys an in-depth analysis of the uptake, accumulation and fate of pollutants in the marine compartments Delivers a critical appraisal on biological tools for the practical monitoring of coastal pollution Includes a comprehensive glossary of technical terms and appendices with useful transversal information (units, acronyms, etc.)

Wastewater Treatment

Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Maulin P. Shah,Angana Sarkar,Sukhendu Mandal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-30
ISBN : 0128218959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wastewater Treatment: Cutting-Edge Molecular Tools, Techniques and Applied Aspects reports new findings in existing molecular biology strategies, including their limitations, challenges and potential application to remove environmental pollutants through advancements made in cutting edge tools. In addition, the book introduces new trends and advances in environmental bioremediation with thorough discussions on recent developments in this field. Describes the application of different omics tools in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) Describes the role of microorganisms in WWTPs Points out the reuse of treated wastewater through emerging technologies Includes the recovery of resources from wastewater Emphasizes the need for the use of cutting-edge molecular tools