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Fast Reactor Nuclear Technology

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Fast Spectrum Reactors

Fast Spectrum Reactors Book
Author : Alan E. Waltar,Donald R. Todd,Pavel V. Tsvetkov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-28
ISBN : 9781441995728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a complete update of the classic 1981 FAST BREEDER REACTORS textbook authored by Alan E. Waltar and Albert B. Reynolds, which , along with the Russian translation, served as a major reference book for fast reactors systems. Major updates include transmutation physics (a key technology to substantially ameliorate issues associated with the storage of high-level nuclear waste ), advances in fuels and materials technology (including metal fuels and cladding materials capable of high-temperature and high burnup), and new approaches to reactor safety (including passive safety technology), New chapters on gas-cooled and lead-cooled fast spectrum reactors are also included. Key international experts contributing to the text include Chaim Braun, (Stanford University) Ronald Omberg, (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Massimo Salvatores (CEA, France), Baldev Raj, (Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, India) , John Sackett (Argonne National Laboratory), Kevan Weaver, (TerraPower Corporation) ,James Seinicki(Argonne National Laboratory). Russell Stachowski (General Electric), Toshikazu Takeda (University of Fukui, Japan), and Yoshitaka Chikazawa (Japan Atomic Energy Agency).

Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia

Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia Book
Author : Thomas B. Kingery
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-10
ISBN : 1118043480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The A-to-Z reference resource for nuclear energy information A significant milestone in the history of nuclear technology, Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia: Science, Technology, and Applications is a comprehensive and authoritative reference guide written by a committee of the world's leading energy experts. The encyclopedia is packed with cutting-edge information about where nuclear energy science and technology came from, where they are today, and what the future may hold for this vital technology. Filled with figures, graphs, diagrams, formulas, and photographs, which accompany the short, easily digestible entries, the book is an accessible reference work for anyone with an interest in nuclear energy, and includes coverage of safety and environmental issues that are particularly topical in light of the Fukushima Daiichi incident. A definitive work on all aspects of the world's energy supply, the Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia brings together decades of knowledge about energy sources and technologies ranging from coal and oil, to biofuels and wind, and ultimately nuclear power.

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy

Molten Salt Reactors and Thorium Energy Book
Author : Thomas James Dolan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-08
ISBN : 0081012438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molten Salt Reactors is a comprehensive reference on the status of molten salt reactor (MSR) research and thorium fuel utilization. There is growing awareness that nuclear energy is needed to complement intermittent energy sources and to avoid pollution from fossil fuels. Light water reactors are complex, expensive, and vulnerable to core melt, steam explosions, and hydrogen explosions, so better technology is needed. MSRs could operate safely at nearly atmospheric pressure and high temperature, yielding efficient electrical power generation, desalination, actinide incineration, hydrogen production, and other industrial heat applications. Coverage includes: Motivation -- why are we interested? Technical issues – reactor physics, thermal hydraulics, materials, environment, ... Generic designs -- thermal, fast, solid fuel, liquid fuel, ... Specific designs – aimed at electrical power, actinide incineration, thorium utilization, ... Worldwide activities in 23 countries Conclusions This book is a collaboration of 58 authors from 23 countries, written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten Salt Forum. It can serve as a reference for engineers and scientists, and it can be used as a textbook for graduate students and advanced undergrads. Molten Salt Reactors is the only complete review of the technology currently available, making this an essential text for anyone reviewing the use of MSRs and thorium fuel, including students, nuclear researchers, industrial engineers, and policy makers. Written in cooperation with the International Thorium Molten-Salt Forum Covers MSR-specific issues, various reactor designs, and discusses issues such as the environmental impact, non-proliferation, and licensing Includes case studies and examples from experts across the globe

Fast Reactors

Fast Reactors Book
Author : Joel Guidez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-09-15
ISBN : 0128219467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fast Reactors: A Solution to Fight Against Global Warming presents the current status of fast-reactor nuclear generation technology, with a focus on ecology and sustainability benefits for the future. Author Joel Guidez analyzes past failures and limited deployment reasons to help drive this power generation method forward to a cleaner and more sustainable energy environment. The book covers safety aspects, short-life waste management, multirecycling, and biodiversity preservation to provide a well-rounded reference on the topic. Analyzes reasons for past failures and presents the advantages of fast reactors Reviews the status of fast-reactor technology, for sodium fast reactors and molten salt reactors with liquid fuel Presents ways in which fast nuclear reactors can help fight climate change and promote sustainability for the future

Nuclear Wastes

Nuclear Wastes Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Separations Technology and Transmutation Systems
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1996-02-23
ISBN : 0309176484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disposal of radioactive waste from nuclear weapons production and power generation has caused public outcry and political consternation. Nuclear Wastes presents a critical review of some waste management and disposal alternatives to the current national policy of direct disposal of light water reactor spent fuel. The book offers clearcut conclusions for what the nation should do today and what solutions should be explored for tomorrow. The committee examines the currently used "once-through" fuel cycle versus different alternatives of separations and transmutation technology systems, by which hazardous radionuclides are converted to nuclides that are either stable or radioactive with short half-lives. The volume provides detailed findings and conclusions about the status and feasibility of plutonium extraction and more advanced separations technologies, as well as three principal transmutation concepts for commercial reactor spent fuel. The book discusses nuclear proliferation; the U.S. nuclear regulatory structure; issues of health, safety and transportation; the proposed sale of electrical energy as a means of paying for the transmutation system; and other key issues.

Sustainable and Safe Nuclear Fission Energy

Sustainable and Safe Nuclear Fission Energy Book
Author : Günter Kessler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-05-08
ISBN : 3642119905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unlike existing books of nuclear reactor physics, nuclear engineering and nuclear chemical engineering this book covers a complete description and evaluation of nuclear fission power generation. It covers the whole nuclear fuel cycle, from the extraction of natural uranium from ore mines, uranium conversion and enrichment up to the fabrication of fuel elements for the cores of various types of fission reactors. This is followed by the description of the different fuel cycle options and the final storage in nuclear waste repositories. In addition the release of radioactivity under normal and possible accidental conditions is given for all parts of the nuclear fuel cycle and especially for the different fission reactor types.

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors Book
Author : Yoshiaki Oka,Seiichi Koshizuka,Yuki Ishiwatari,Akifumi Yamaji
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-01
ISBN : 1441960341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Super Light Water Reactors and Super Fast Reactors provides an overview of the design and analysis of nuclear power reactors. Readers will gain the understanding of the conceptual design elements and specific analysis methods of supercritical-pressure light water cooled reactors. Nuclear fuel, reactor core, plant control, plant stand-up and stability are among the topics discussed, in addition to safety system and safety analysis parameters. Providing the fundamentals of reactor design criteria and analysis, this volume is a useful reference to engineers, industry professionals, and graduate students involved with nuclear engineering and energy technology.

Physics of Nuclear Reactors

Physics of Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : P. Mohanakrishnan,Om Pal Singh,K. Umasankari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-05-19
ISBN : 0128224428
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physics of Nuclear Reactors presents a comprehensive analysis of nuclear reactor physics. Editors P. Mohanakrishnan, Om Pal Singh, and Kannan Umasankari and a team of expert contributors combine their knowledge to guide the reader through a toolkit of methods for solving transport equations, understanding the physics of reactor design principles, and developing reactor safety strategies. The inclusion of experimental and operational reactor physics makes this a unique reference for those working and researching nuclear power and the fuel cycle in existing power generation sites and experimental facilities. The book also includes radiation physics, shielding techniques and an analysis of shield design, neutron monitoring and core operations. Those involved in the development and operation of nuclear reactors and the fuel cycle will gain a thorough understanding of all elements of nuclear reactor physics, thus enabling them to apply the analysis and solution methods provided to their own work and research. This book looks to future reactors in development and analyzes their status and challenges before providing possible worked-through solutions. Cover image: Kaiga Atomic Power Station Units 1 – 4, Karnataka, India. In 2018, Unit 1 of the Kaiga Station surpassed the world record of continuous operation, at 962 days. Image courtesy of DAE, India. Includes methods for solving neutron transport problems, nuclear cross-section data and solutions of transport theory Dedicates a chapter to reactor safety that covers mitigation, probabilistic safety assessment and uncertainty analysis Covers experimental and operational physics with details on noise analysis and failed fuel detection

Sustainable Nuclear Power

Sustainable Nuclear Power Book
Author : Galen J. Suppes,Truman Storvick
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-08
ISBN : 0080466451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Nuclear Power provides non-nuclear engineers, scientists and energy planners with the necessary information to understand and utilize the major advances in the field. The book demonstrates that nuclear fission technology has the abundance and attainability to provide centuries of safe power with minimal greenhouse gas generation. It also addresses the safety and disposal issues that have plagued the development of the nuclear power industry and scared planners and policy makers as well as the general public for more than two decades. No need for a background in nuclear science! This book guides engineers, scientists and energy professionals through a concise and easy-to-understand overview of key safety and sustainability issues affecting their work. Details the very latest information about today's safest and most energy-efficient reactor designs and reprocessing procedures. Brings to light the fears and hesitation of using nuclear energy and explains that technologies and procedures for safe production and processing are available today.

Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Energy Engineering Board,Committee on Future Nuclear Power Development
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1992-02-01
ISBN : 0309043956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The construction of nuclear power plants in the United States is stopping, as regulators, reactor manufacturers, and operators sort out a host of technical and institutional problems. This volume summarizes the status of nuclear power, analyzes the obstacles to resumption of construction of nuclear plants, and describes and evaluates the technological alternatives for safer, more economical reactors. Topics covered include: Institutional issues-including regulatory practices at the federal and state levels, the growing trends toward greater competition in the generation of electricity, and nuclear and nonnuclear generation options. Critical evaluation of advanced reactors-covering attributes such as cost, construction time, safety, development status, and fuel cycles. Finally, three alternative federal research and development programs are presented.

Sodium Fast Reactors with Closed Fuel Cycle

Sodium Fast Reactors with Closed Fuel Cycle Book
Author : Baldev Raj,P. Chellapandi,P.R. Vasudeva Rao
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-04-15
ISBN : 1466587695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sodium Fast Reactors with Closed Fuel Cycle delivers a detailed discussion of an important technology that is being harnessed for commercial energy production in many parts of the world. Presenting the state of the art of sodium-cooled fast reactors with closed fuel cycles, this book:Offers in-depth coverage of reactor physics, materials, design, s

Status and Trends of Nuclear Fuels Technology for Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors

Status and Trends of Nuclear Fuels Technology for Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"From the inception of nuclear energy, the important role of the sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) and its fuel cycle has been recognized for long term sustainability of nuclear power. This publication covers the status and trends of SFR fuel technology, highlighting manufacturing processes, out-of-pile properties and irradiation behaviour of mixed uranium-plutonium oxide (MOX), monocarbide (MC), mononitride (MN) and metallic U-Zr and U-Pu-Zr fuels. Minor actinide (Np, Am, Cm) bearing fuels are also covered in this publication. The information compiled in this book will be a valuable resource for materials scientists and engineers involved in fuel development for fast reactors in general and sodium cooled fast reactors in particular."--Provided by publisher.

Fast Spectrum Reactors

Fast Spectrum Reactors Book
Author : Alan E. Waltar,Donald R. Todd,Pavel V. Tsvetkov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 9781489979285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a complete update of the classic 1981 FAST BREEDER REACTORS textbook authored by Alan E. Waltar and Albert B. Reynolds, which , along with the Russian translation, served as a major reference book for fast reactors systems. Major updates include transmutation physics (a key technology to substantially ameliorate issues associated with the storage of high-level nuclear waste ), advances in fuels and materials technology (including metal fuels and cladding materials capable of high-temperature and high burnup), and new approaches to reactor safety (including passive safety technology), New chapters on gas-cooled and lead-cooled fast spectrum reactors are also included. Key international experts contributing to the text include Chaim Braun, (Stanford University) Ronald Omberg, (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Massimo Salvatores (CEA, France), Baldev Raj, (Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, India) , John Sackett (Argonne National Laboratory), Kevan Weaver, (TerraPower Corporation) ,James Seinicki(Argonne National Laboratory). Russell Stachowski (General Electric), Toshikazu Takeda (University of Fukui, Japan), and Yoshitaka Chikazawa (Japan Atomic Energy Agency).

Fast Reactor Database 2006 Update

Fast Reactor Database 2006 Update Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : IAEA
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Liquid metal cooled fast reactors (LMFRs) have been under development for about 50 years. The fast reactor database (FRDB) summarised in this report contains detailed design and operational data on 37 fast reactor plants, their thermal power ranging from 10 to 4000 MW, covering experimental, prototype, demonstration and commercial size LMFRs. Data includes physical, hydraulic and thermomechanical characteristics, technological requirements and methods and criteria to ensure safe operation, as well as dimensions, materials information and main design features and performance parameters of reactor cores, components and various systems, along with sketches and drawings.

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Igor Pioro
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-06-09
ISBN : 0081001622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Generation IV Nuclear Reactors presents information on the current fleet of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) with water-cooled reactors (Generation III and III+) (96% of 430 power reactors in the world) that have relatively low thermal efficiencies (within the range of 32 36%) compared to those of modern advanced thermal power plants (combined cycle gas-fired power plants – up to 62% and supercritical pressure coal-fired power plants – up to 55%). Moreover, thermal efficiency of the current fleet of NPPs with water-cooled reactors cannot be increased significantly without completely different innovative designs, which are Generation IV reactors. Nuclear power is vital for generating electrical energy without carbon emissions. Complete with the latest research, development, and design, and written by an international team of experts, this handbook is completely dedicated to Generation IV reactors. Presents the first comprehensive handbook dedicated entirely to generation IV nuclear reactors Reviews the latest trends and developments Complete with the latest research, development, and design information in generation IV nuclear reactors Written by an international team of experts in the field

Dynamic Simulation of Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors

Dynamic Simulation of Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors Book
Author : G Vaidyanathan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-11-18
ISBN : 1000779564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the basis of simulating a nuclear plant, in understanding the knowledge of how such simulations help in assuring the safety of the plants, thereby protecting the public from accidents. It provides the reader with an in-depth knowledge about modeling the thermal and flow processes in a fast reactor and gives an idea about the different numerical solution methods. The text highlights the application of the simulation to typical sodium-cooled fast reactor. The book • Discusses mathematical modeling of the heat transfer process in a fast reactor cooled by sodium. • Compares different numerical techniques and brings out the best one for the solution of the models. • Provides a methodology of validation based on experiments. • Examines modeling and simulation aspects necessary for the safe design of a fast reactor. • Emphasizes plant dynamics aspects, which is important for relating the interaction between the components in the heat transport systems. • Discusses the application of the models to the design of a sodium-cooled fast reactor It will serve as an ideal reference text for senior undergraduate, graduate students, and academic researchers in the fields of nuclear engineering, mechanical engineering, and power cycle engineering.

An Introduction to the Engineering of Fast Nuclear Reactors

An Introduction to the Engineering of Fast Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Anthony M. Judd
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-02-10
ISBN : 1107034647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed for graduate-level engineering students and nuclear engineers who want to expand their knowledge of fast nuclear reactors.

Liquid Metal Cooled Reactors

Liquid Metal Cooled Reactors Book
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9789201079077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication presents a survey of worldwide experience gained with fast breeder reactor design, development and operation. It is focused on the following subjects: state of the art of liquid metal fast reactor (LMFR) development and relevant IAEA activities; design features and operating experience of demonstration and commercial sized nuclear power plants with sodium cooled fast reactors; lead-bismuth cooled (LBC) ship reactor operation experience and LBC fast power reactor development; activation characteristics of the primary coolant, reactor and components; treatment and disposal of spent sodium; removal of residual sodium deposits and decontamination after shutdown of the typical loop type LMFR; passive principles of fast reactor emergency shutdown and heat removal, demonstration of safety with test fast reactors during the final stages of operation, and an analysis and assessment of advantages and disadvantages of sodium as a coolant, giving due consideration to the advances in the technology and design of sodium components.

Nuclear Power

Nuclear Power Book
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-15
ISBN : 0128095121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Power provides a concise, up-to-date, accessible guide to the most controversial form of power generation. The author includes a comprehensive description of the various methods for generating nuclear power and evaluates the political, strategic, environmental, economic, and emotional factors involved in each method. The analysis of real-life, tragic examples, such as the accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima help the reader understand the associated risks and dangers of this method of power generation and the radioactive waste it creates. This is a valuable and insightful read for those involved in nuclear power, including power plant designers and engineers, as well as those involved in the protection of society and the environment. Discusses various nuclear reactor designs and methods for generating this type of power Evaluates the political, strategic, environmental, economic, and emotional factors involved in each technology Explores the environmental and economic effects of nuclear power generation through various real-life tragedies, such as the accidents in Chernobyl and Fukushima

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors

Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : Pascal Yvon
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-27
ISBN : 0081009127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Operating at a high level of fuel efficiency, safety, proliferation-resistance, sustainability and cost, generation IV nuclear reactors promise enhanced features to an energy resource which is already seen as an outstanding source of reliable base load power. The performance and reliability of materials when subjected to the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors are essential areas of study, as key considerations for the successful development of generation IV reactors are suitable structural materials for both in-core and out-of-core applications. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors explores the current state-of-the art in these areas. Part One reviews the materials, requirements and challenges in generation IV systems. Part Two presents the core materials with chapters on irradiation resistant austenitic steels, ODS/FM steels and refractory metals amongst others. Part Three looks at out-of-core materials. Structural Materials for Generation IV Nuclear Reactors is an essential reference text for professional scientists, engineers and postgraduate researchers involved in the development of generation IV nuclear reactors. Introduces the higher neutron doses and extremely corrosive higher temperature environments that will be found in generation IV nuclear reactors and implications for structural materials Contains chapters on the key core and out-of-core materials, from steels to advanced micro-laminates Written by an expert in that particular area