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Failure Modes Effects And Causes Of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

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Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Book
Author : Reza Javaherdashti
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-11
ISBN : 9780128184486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbial Corrosion: Failure Modes, Effects and Causes, and Analysis presents academic research about microbial corrosion (MIC), integrating it into engineering applications that result in a more thorough understanding of MIC and how it is recognized and treated. In addition, new concepts that will be useful in understanding integrity and corrosion management practices are explored. This book will be useful for industry professionals, particularly maintenance and operation engineers, corrosion and material engineers, and R&D personnel working in the field of corrosion protection. Focuses on the skills and knowledge necessary to understand how (Failure modes) and why (Effects and Causes) materials fail Explains why corrosion control measures, such as the use of coatings, cathodic protection and inhibitors are useful Discusses the practical side of MIC treatment in terms of fundamental concepts of time and cost of operation

Failure Modes Effects and Causes of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Failure Modes  Effects and Causes of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Book
Author : Reza Javaherdashti,Farzaneh Akvan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-22
ISBN : 0128184493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Failure Modes, Effects and Causes of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion: Advanced Perspectives and Analysis presents academic research about microbial corrosion (MIC), integrating it into engineering applications that result in a more thorough understanding of MIC and how it is recognized and treated. In addition, new concepts that will be useful in understanding integrity and corrosion management practices are explored. This book will be useful for industry professionals, particularly maintenance and operation engineers, corrosion and material engineers, and R&D personnel working in the field of corrosion protection. Focuses on the skills and knowledge necessary to understand how (Failure modes) and why (Effects and Causes) materials fail Explains why corrosion control measures, such as the use of coatings, cathodic protection and inhibitors are useful Discusses the practical side of MIC treatment in terms of fundamental concepts of time and cost of operation

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Handbook

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Handbook Book
Author : S Borenstein,Susan Watkins Borenstein
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 1994-01-15
ISBN : 9781855731271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides fundamental background for understanding the interdisciplinary roles of microbiology, metallurgy, and electrochemistry as they relate to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). Methods by which MIC can be detected and monitored are discussed, as well as its prevention. How welding, heat treatment, and other metallurgical processes and variables affect corrosion resistance are also examined. Copyright © Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.

Root Cause Failure Analysis

Root Cause Failure Analysis Book
Author : Trinath Sahoo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-05-05
ISBN : 1119615593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Root Cause Failure Analysis Provides the knowledge and failure analysis skills necessary for preventing and investigating process equipment failures Process equipment and piping systems are essential for plant availability and performance. Regularly exposed to hazardous service conditions and damage mechanisms, these critical plant assets can result in major failures if not effectively monitored and assessed—potentially causing serious injuries and significant business losses. When used proactively, Root Cause Failure Analysis (RCFA) helps reliability engineers inspect the process equipment and piping system before any abnormal conditions occur. RCFA is equally important after a failure happens: it determines the impact of a failure, helps control the resultant damage, and identifies the steps for preventing future problems. Root Cause Failure Analysis: A Guide to Improve Plant Reliability offers readers clear understanding of degradation mechanisms of process equipment and the concepts needed to perform industrial RCFA investigations. This comprehensive resource describes the methodology of RCFA and provides multiple techniques and industry practices for identifying, predicting, and evaluating equipment failures. Divided into two parts, the text first introduces Root Cause Analysis, explains the failure analysis process, and discusses the management of both human and latent error. The second part focuses on failure analysis of various components such as bolted joints, mechanical seals, steam traps, gearboxes, bearings, couplings, pumps, and compressors. This authoritative volume: Illustrates how failures are associated with part integrity, a complete system, or the execution of an engineering process Describes how proper design, operation, and maintenance of the equipment help to enhance their reliability Covers analysis techniques and industry practices including 5-Why RCFA, fault tree analysis, Pareto charts, and Ishikawa diagrams Features a detailed case study of process plant machinery and a chapter on proactive measures for avoiding failures Bridging the gap between engineering education and practical application, Root Cause Failure Analysis: A Guide to Improve Plant Reliability is an important reference and guide for industrial professionals, including process plant engineers, planning managers, operation and maintenance engineers, process designers, chemical engineers, and instrument engineers. It is also a valuable text for researchers, instructors, and students in relevant areas of engineering and science.

Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Book
Author : Richard B. Eckert,Torben Lund Skovhus
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-11-08
ISBN : 1000470091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion serves as a complete guide to corrosion failure analysis with an emphasis on the diagnosis of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). By applying the principles of chemistry, microbiology, and metallurgy, readers will be able to reliably determine the mechanistic cause of corrosion damage and failures and select the appropriate methods for mitigating future corrosion incidents. FEATURES Provides background information on the forensic process, types of data or evidence needed to perform the analysis, industrial case studies, details on the MIC failure analysis process, and protocols for field and lab use Presents up-to-date advances in molecular technologies and their application to corrosion failure investigations Offers specific guidelines for conducting MIC failure analyses and case studies to illustrate their application Examines state-of-the-art information on MIC analytical tools and methods With authors with expertise in microbiology, corrosion, materials, and failure investigation, this book provides tools for engineers, scientists, and technologists to successfully combat MIC issues.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Book
Author : Reza Javaherdashti
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-02-20
ISBN : 9781848000742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiologically-influenced corrosion (MIC) is one of the greatest mysteries of corrosion science and engineering. This book introduces a new approach to the basics of MIC and explains how to recognise, understand, mitigate and/or prevent this type of corrosion. The material covered will benefit professional and consultant engineers in power generating, oil and gas, and marine and mining industries. It will also benefit researchers in a variety of fields.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Torben Lund Skovhus,Dennis Enning,Jason S. Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-03
ISBN : 1498726607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry. This book is intended as a comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion. Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia, this book discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.

Albright s Chemical Engineering Handbook

Albright s Chemical Engineering Handbook Book
Author : Lyle Albright
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-11-20
ISBN : 0824753623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking greater advantage of powerful computing capabilities over the last several years, the development of fundamental information and new models has led to major advances in nearly every aspect of chemical engineering. Albright’s Chemical Engineering Handbook represents a reliable source of updated methods, applications, and fundamental concepts that will continue to play a significant role in driving new research and improving plant design and operations. Well-rounded, concise, and practical by design, this handbook collects valuable insight from an exceptional diversity of leaders in their respective specialties. Each chapter provides a clear review of basic information, case examples, and references to additional, more in-depth information. They explain essential principles, calculations, and issues relating to topics including reaction engineering, process control and design, waste disposal, and electrochemical and biochemical engineering. The final chapters cover aspects of patents and intellectual property, practical communication, and ethical considerations that are most relevant to engineers. From fundamentals to plant operations, Albright’s Chemical Engineering Handbook offers a thorough, yet succinct guide to day-to-day methods and calculations used in chemical engineering applications. This handbook will serve the needs of practicing professionals as well as students preparing to enter the field.

Biological Treatment of Microbial Corrosion

Biological Treatment of Microbial Corrosion Book
Author : Reza Javaherdashti,Kiana Alasvand
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-21
ISBN : 0128162996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biological Treatment of Microbial Corrosion: Opportunities and Challenges explores the latest biological approaches to microbial corrosion and its inhibition. The book provides comprehensive information on the current knowledge of microbes involved in corrosion and their mechanisms of action on corrosion induction and inhibition. This information is helpful for a wide range of audiences, from university researchers, to industry specialists. The book discusses foundational information about corrosion and microbiologically influenced corrosion and its importance. Other chapters provide an in-depth review of corrosion causing microorganisms, their properties and their mechanism of involvement in MIC. Updated findings on the biological treatment of corrosion are addressed, as are future opportunities and challenges that could lead to prosperous, sustainable and secure industrial application of these techniques. Provides a detailed overview of the fundamental concepts of corrosion Discusses MIC, including its characteristics, properties and modelling Previews the opportunities and challenges faced by the utilization of biological treatments for corrosion

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Handbook

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Handbook Book
Author : Susan Watkins Borenstein
Publisher : Industrial Press Inc.
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780831130565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides fundamental background for understanding the interdisciplinary roles of microbiology, metallurgy and electrochemistry as they relate to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC).

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production Book
Author : Robert Heidersbach
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-09-17
ISBN : 1119252385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the proper methods to assess, prevent, and reduce corrosion in the oil industry using today's most advanced technologies This book discusses upstream operations, with an emphasis on production, and pipelines, which are closely tied to upstream operations. It also examines protective coatings, alloy selection, chemical treatments, and cathodic protection—the main means of corrosion control. The strength and hardness levels of metals is also discussed, as this affects the resistance of metals to hydrogen embrittlement, a major concern for high-strength steels and some other alloys. It is intended for use by personnel with limited backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and will give them a general understanding of how and why corrosion occurs and the practical approaches to how the effects of corrosion can be mitigated. Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition updates the original chapters while including a new case studies chapter. Beginning with an introduction to oilfield metallurgy and corrosion control, the book provides in-depth coverage of the field with chapters on: chemistry of corrosion; corrosive environments; materials; forms of corrosion; corrosion control; inspection, monitoring, and testing; and oilfield equipment. Covers all aspects of upstream oil and gas production from downhole drilling to pipelines and tanker terminal operations Offers an introduction to corrosion for entry-level corrosion control specialists Contains detailed photographs to illustrate descriptions in the text Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition is an excellent book for engineers and related professionals in the oil and gas production industries. It will also be an asset to the entry-level corrosion control professional who may have a theoretical background in metallurgy, chemistry, or a related field, but who needs to understand the practical limitations of large-scale industrial operations associated with oil and gas production.

Practical Plant Failure Analysis

Practical Plant Failure Analysis Book
Author : Neville W. Sachs
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1420020005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Component failures result from a combination of factors involving materials science, mechanics, thermodynamics, corrosion, and tribology. With the right guidance, you don’t have to be an authority in all of these areas to become skilled at diagnosing and preventing failures. Based on the author’s more than thirty years of experience, Practical Plant Failure Analysis: A Guide to Understanding Machinery Deterioration and Improving Equipment Reliability is a down-to-earth guide to improving machinery maintenance and reliability. Illustrated with hundreds of diagrams and photographs, this book examines... · When and how to conduct a physical failure analysis · Basic material properties including heat treating mechanisms, work hardening, and the effects of temperature changes on material properties · The differences in appearance between ductile overload, brittle overload, and fatigue failures · High cycle fatigue and how to differentiate between high stress concentrations and high operating stresses · Low cycle fatigue and unusual fatigue situations · Lubrication and its influence on the three basic bearing designs · Ball and roller bearings, gears, fasteners, V-belts, and synchronous belts Taking a detailed and systematic approach, Practical Plant Failure Analysis thoroughly explains the four major failure mechanisms—wear, corrosion, overload, and fatigue—as well as how to identify them. The author clearly identifies how these mechanisms appear in various components and supplies convenient charts that demonstrate how to identify the specific causes of failure.

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry Book
Author : Torben Lund Skovhus,Dennis Enning,Jason S. Lee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-03
ISBN : 1351654691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry. This book is intended as a comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion. Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia, this book discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.

Practical Plant Failure Analysis

Practical Plant Failure Analysis Book
Author : Neville W Sachs, P.E.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-07
ISBN : 0429835515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a practical guide for those who do the work of maintaining and improving the reliability of mechanical machinery. It is for engineers and skilled trades personnel who want to understand how failures happen and how the physical causes of the great majority can be readily diagnosed in the field. It explains the four major failure mechanisms, wear, corrosion, overload, and fatigue and, using easy-to-read charts, how they can be diagnosed at the site of the failure. Then, knowing the physical failure mechanics involved, the reader can accurately solve the human causes. To improve the reader’s understanding, all the diagrams and most of the tables have been redrawn. The number of actual failure examples has been increased, plus the last chapter on miscellaneous machine elements includes new material on couplings, universal joints, and plain bearings. Features A practical field guide showing how to recognize how failures occur that can be used to solve more than 85% of mechanical machinery failures Incorporates multiple easy-to-follow logic trees to help the reader diagnose the physical causes of the failure without needing detailed laboratory analysis Explains how the mechanics, corrosion, materials science, and tribology of components can fit together to improve machinery reliability Includes more than 150 completely redrawn charts and tables, plus almost 250 actual failure photographs to help guide the reader to an accurate analysis Contains clear and detailed explanations of how lubricants function and the critical roles of corrosion and lubrication play in causing mechanical failures

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Long Term Effects of Disinfection Changes on Water Quality

Long Term Effects of Disinfection Changes on Water Quality Book
Author : John E. Dyksen,Jessica Brandt-Edwards,Jonathan A. Clement,Robert Hoehn,Catherine Spencer
Publisher : American Water Works Association
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1583215352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In response to many U.S. water utilities that are considering changing disinfectants from chlorine to alternative disinfectants, this research has been undertaken to gain knowledge of long-term effects.

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies Book
Author : A. M. El-Sherik
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-09
ISBN : 0081012195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trends in Oil and Gas Corrosion Research and Technologies: Production and Transmission delivers the most up-to-date and highly multidisciplinary reference available to identify emerging developments, fundamental mechanisms and the technologies necessary in one unified source. Starting with a brief explanation on corrosion management that also addresses today’s most challenging issues for oil and gas production and transmission operations, the book dives into the latest advances in microbiology-influenced corrosion and other corrosion threats, such as stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen damage just to name a few. In addition, it covers testing and monitoring techniques, such as molecular microbiology and online monitoring for surface and subsurface facilities, mitigation tools, including coatings, nano-packaged biocides, modeling and prediction, cathodic protection and new steels and non-metallics. Rounding out with an extensive glossary and list of abbreviations, the book equips upstream and midstream corrosion professionals in the oil and gas industry with the most advanced collection of topics and solutions to responsibly help solve today’s oil and gas corrosion challenges. Covers the latest in corrosion mitigation techniques, such as corrosion inhibitors, biocides, non-metallics, coatings, and modeling and prediction Solves knowledge gaps with the most current technology and discoveries on specific corrosion mechanisms, highlighting where future research and industry efforts should be concentrated Achieves practical and balanced understanding with a full spectrum of subjects presented from multiple academic and world-renowned contributors in the industry

Corrosion of Weldments

Corrosion of Weldments Book
Author : Joseph R. Davis
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2006
ISBN : 1615030514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Corrosion failures of industrial components are commonly associated with welding. The reasons are many and varied. For example, welding may reduce the resistance to corrosion and environmentally assisted cracking by altering composition and microstructure, modifying mechanical properties, introducing residual stress, and creating physical defects. This book details the many forms of weld corrosion and the methods used to minimize weld corrosion. Chapters on specific alloys groups--carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, high-nickel alloys, and nonferrous alloys--describe both general welding characteristics and the metallurgical factors that influence corrosion behavior. Corrosion problems associated with dissimilar metal weldments are also examined. Case histories document corrosion problems unique to specific industries including oil and gas, chemical processing, pulp and paper, and electric power. Special challenges caused by high-temperature environments are discussed. Commonly used methods to monitor weld corrosion and test methods for evaluation of intergranular, pitting, crevice, stress-corrosion cracking, and other forms of corrosion are also reviewed.

Materials Performance

Materials Performance Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Materials Performance book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection Book
Author : Monzer Fanun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-02-08
ISBN : 0444632840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Role of Colloidal Systems in Environmental Protection describes the importance of colloids in many applications that contribute to environmental protection, including drinking water and wastewater treatment, heavy metal remediation, treatment of radioactive materials, corrosion, and energy conversion. Knowledge of the physical and chemical composition of colloids is important to understand and accurately model the relevant processes. The book familiarizes the reader with the technological features of the application of colloids in environmental protection, and provides chemical engineers, researchers, and scientists in academic and corporate communities with the latest developments in this field. Each chapter covers the whole spectrum of the relevant science, from the fundamentals to applications. Provides the applied technological features of colloids in environmental protection Gives insight into the use of bio-solid colloids as contaminant carriers Covers the natural occurrence of biosurfactants in the environment and their applications Provides information on the use of nanoparticles for environmental applications Chapters written by recognized and respected experts in the field from all over the world