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Failure Mechanisms In Polymer Matrix Composites

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Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-19
ISBN : 0857095323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Thottyeapalayam Palanisamy Satishkumar,Marta Maria Moure Cuadrado,Suchart Siengchin,Claudia Barile
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-19
ISBN : 9811606420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a unified approach to fracture behavior of natural and synthetic fiber-reinforced polymer composites on the basis of fiber orientation, the addition of fillers, characterization, properties and applications. In addition, the book contains an extensive survey of recent improvements in the research and development of fracture analysis of FRP composites that are used to make higher fracture toughness composites in various applications.The FRP composites are an emerging area in polymer science with many structural applications. The rise in materials failure by fracture has forced scientists and researchers to develop new higher strength materials for obtaining higher fracture toughness. Therefore, further knowledge and insight into the different modes of fracture behavior of FRP composites are critical to expanding the range of their application.

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book
Author : Emile Greenhalgh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-09-28
ISBN : 1845696816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Failure of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites

Failure of Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Mohamed Thariq Hameed Sultan,M Rajesh,K Jayakrishna
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-14
ISBN : 1000477436
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The proposed book focusses on the theme of failure of polymer composites, focusing on vital aspects of enhancing failure resistance, constituents and repair including associated complexities. It discusses characterization and experimentation of the composites under loading with respect to the specific environment and applications. Further, it includes topics as green composites, advanced materials and composite joint failure, buckling failure, and fiber-metal composite failure. It explains preparation, applications of composites for weight sensitive applications, leading to potential applications and formulations, fabrication of polymer products based on bio-resources. Provides exhaustive understanding of failure and fatigue of polymer composites Covers the failure of fiber reinforced polymer composites, composite joint failure, fiber-metal composite, and laminate failure Discusses how to enhance the resistance against failure of the polymer composites Provides input to industry related and academic orientated research problems Represents an organized perspective and analysis of materials processing, material design, and their failure under loading This book is aimed at researchers, graduate students in composites, fiber reinforcement, failure mechanism, materials science, and mechanical engineering.

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : Rui Miranda Guedes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-03-14
ISBN : 0081026021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites, Second Edition, updates the latest research in modeling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modeling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behavior as a way of predicting performance and service life. Final sections discuss techniques for modeling creep rupture and failure and how to test and predict long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. Reviews the latest research in modeling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites Puts a specific focus on viscoelastic and viscoplastic modeling Features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Examines the creep rupture and damage interaction, with a particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for the lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures that are illustrated using experimental cases

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites PMCs

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites  PMCs  Book
Author : Suresh G Advani,Kuang-Ting Hsiao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-07-18
ISBN : 0857096257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer matrix composites are used extensively across a wide range of industries, making the design and development of effective manufacturing processes of great importance. Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of this class of composite. Following an introduction to composites and manufacturing processes, part one reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth. Thermoplastic processing is the focus of part two. Sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles are investigated. Part three reviews thermoset processing. A survey of resin transfer molding follows, including vacuum-assisted and compression resin transfer molding. The pultrusion process is then considered, before the book concludes with an investigation into autoclave and out-of-autoclave curing processes in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) is an essential guide for engineers and scientists working in the field of polymer matrix composites. Provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of polymer matrix composites Reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle-based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth Examines thermoplastic processing, sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Anne C. Roulin-Moloney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1989-06-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites book written by Anne C. Roulin-Moloney, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metal Matrix Composites

Metal Matrix Composites Book
Author : W. Steven Johnson
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 1989
ISBN : 080311270X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fourteen peer-reviewed papers on testing techniques, analysis approaches, and descriptions of various failure processes. From the Symposium on [title] held at Sparks, NV, April 1988. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Damage and Failure of Composite Materials

Damage and Failure of Composite Materials Book
Author : Ramesh Talreja,Chandra Veer Singh
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-06-07
ISBN : 0521819423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding damage and failure of composite materials is critical for reliable and cost-effective engineering design. Bringing together materials mechanics and modeling, this book provides a complete guide to damage, fatigue and failure of composite materials. Early chapters focus on the underlying principles governing composite damage, reviewing basic equations and mechanics theory, before describing mechanisms of damage such as cracking, breakage and buckling. In subsequent chapters, the physical mechanisms underlying the formation and progression of damage under mechanical loads are described with ample experimental data, and micro- and macro-level damage models are combined. Finally, fatigue of composite materials is discussed using fatigue-life diagrams. While there is a special emphasis on polymer matrix composites, metal and ceramic matrix composites are also described. Outlining methods for more reliable design of composite structures, this is a valuable resource for engineers and materials scientists in industry and academia.

Mechanics of Microstructured Materials

Mechanics of Microstructured Materials Book
Author : Helmut J. Böhm
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-04
ISBN : 3709127769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The work deals with the thermomechanical mechanical behavior of microstructured materials, which has attracted considerable interest from both the academic and the industrial research communities. The past decade has witnessed major progress in the development of analytical as well as numerical modeling approaches and of experimental methods in this field. Considerable research efforts have been aimed at obtaining microstructure-property correlations and at studying the damage and failure behavior of microstructured materials. The book combines an overview of important analytical and numerical modeling approaches in continuum micromechanics and is aimed at academic and industrial researchers, such as materials scientists, mechanical engineers, and applied physicists, who are working or planning to work in the field of mechanics of microstructured materials such as composites, metals and ceramics.

Handbook of Multiphase Polymer Systems

Handbook of Multiphase Polymer Systems Book
Author : Abderrahim Boudenne,Laurent Ibos,Yves Candau,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-06-09
ISBN : 1119972884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multiphase polymeric systems include a wide range of materials such as composites, blends, alloys, gels, and interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs). A one-stop reference on multiphase polymer systems, this book fully covers the preparation, properties, and applications of advanced multiphase systems from macro to nano scales. Edited by well-respected academics in the field of multiphase polymer systems, the book includes contributions from leading international experts. An essential resource for plastic and rubber technologists, filler specialists and researchers in fields studying thermal and electrical properties.

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials Book
Author : Qinghua Qin,Jianqiao Ye
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-05-26
ISBN : 1782422919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Toughening Mechanisms in Composite Materials aims to provide a comprehensive and technically detailed coverage of composites and their toughening mechanisms. Unique in its direct and comprehensive approach, the book presents fundamental knowledge on composites’ toughening mechanisms as well as a comprehensive treatment of numerical methods. This volume summarizes the current state-of-the-art and presents the most recent research outcomes in the field. It details the development of each of the techniques, beginning with basic principles, and new concepts are illustrated with examples wherever possible. Covers particle-reinforced composites, fibre-reinforced composites and other toughening mechanisms Analyses toughening mechanisms in a broad range of composite materials Developments in nanotube toughened composites and toughened graphene ceramic composites are examined

Thermosets

Thermosets Book
Author : Qipeng Guo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-09-11
ISBN : 0857097636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermosets are a key group of polymers. Understanding how their chemistry and structure affects their properties is essential to their manufacture and use in a range of applications. Thermosets: Structure, properties and applications reviews both factors affecting thermoset properties and how this understanding can be used to engineer thermosets for particular uses. Part one reviews mechanical and thermal properties, the use of chemorheology to characterise and model thermoset flow behaviour, and the role of nanostructures in thermoset toughening. Applications of thermosets are the focus of part two, including the use of thermosets in the building and construction industry, aerospace technology and as insulation materials. Thermoset adhesives, including epoxy resins, acrylates and polyurethanes are also discussed, followed by a final review of thermosets for electrical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Thermosets: Structure, properties and applications is an essential guide for engineers, chemists, physicists and polymer scientists involved in the development, production and application of thermosets, as well as providing a useful review for academic researchers in the field. Reviews factors affecting thermoset properties and how this understanding can be used to engineer thermosets for particular uses Reviews mechanical and thermal properties, the use of chemorheology to characterise and model thermoset flow behaviour, and the role of nanostructures in thermoset toughening Focuses on applications of thermosets, discusses thermoset adhesives, reviews thermosets for electrical applications

Reinforced Polymer Composites

Reinforced Polymer Composites Book
Author : Pramendra K. Bajpai,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 352734599X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents state-of-the-art processing techniques and readily applicable knowledge on processing of polymer composites The book presents the advancement in the field of reinforced polymer composites with emphasis on manufacturing techniques, including processing of different reinforced polymer composites, secondary processing of green composites, and post life cycle processing. It discusses the advantages and limitations of each processing method and the effect of processing parameters on the overall performance of the composites. Characterization and applications of reinforced polymer composites are also introduced. Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment starts off by providing readers with a comprehensive overview of the field. It then introduces them to the fabrication of both short fiber/filler reinforced polymer composites and laminated reinforced polymer composites. Next, it takes them through the processing of polymer-based nanocomposites; the many advances in curing methods of reinforced polymer composites; and post life cycle processing, re-processing, and disposal mechanisms of reinforced polymer composites. Numerous other chapters cover: synthetic versus natural fiber reinforced plastics; characterization techniques of reinforced plastics; friction and wear analysis of reinforced plastics; secondary processing of reinforced plastics; and applications of reinforced plastics. -Presents the latest development in materials, processing, and characterization techniques, as well as applications of reinforced polymer composites -Guides users in choosing the best processing methods to produce polymer composites and successfully manufacture high quality products -Assists academics in sorting out basic research questions and helps those in industry manufacture products, such as marine, automotive, aerospace, and sport goods Reinforced Polymer Composites: Processing, Characterization and Post Life Cycle Assessment is an important book for materials scientists, polymer chemists, chemical engineers, process engineers, and anyone involved in the chemical or plastics technology industry.

Primary and Secondary Manufacturing of Polymer Matrix Composites

Primary and Secondary Manufacturing of Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : Kishore Debnath,Inderdeep Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-18
ISBN : 1498799361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an insight into the primary and secondary manufacturing of different class of polymer matrix composites (PMCs). The major focus is on the fabrication of a variety of PMCs with substantial coverage of various processing techniques and related advantages and limitations. The book also describes secondary manufacturing processes such as machining and joining of PMCs and provides the know-how related to developing these techniques. It discusses recently commercialized tools and techniques and highlights the opportunities provided by the design and development of newer cutting tools and machining methods. The book covers material selection guidelines, product manufacturability, product development process, and cost-estimating techniques that help readers to understand where a process fits within the overall scheme and which is appropriate for a particular component. This book provides professionals with valuable information related to composites product manufacturing as well as state-of-the-art knowledge in this field.

Advanced Materials by Design

Advanced Materials by Design Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advanced Materials by Design book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dynamic Inelasticity of Polymer Matrix Composites

Dynamic Inelasticity of Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A novel experimental configuration that can record projectile velocity histories and target back surface out-of-plane motion in penetration experiments has been developed. The technique was used to investigate failure mechanisms during ballistic impact of an S-2 glass fiber woven composite with 60% fiber volume fraction. Microscopy studies performed on recovered samples clearly show interply delamination, fiber breakage, ply inelasticity, and fiber kinking as the major failure modes in these composites. Recorded penetrator velocity histories indicate these failure mechanisms are rate dependent. Pressure-shear recovery experiments were performed to investigate the out-of-plane dynamic shear resistance of the composite. Microstructural analyses revealed that at low impact velocities, 2 GPa compressive stresses, matrix cracking and matrix-fiber debonding are the primary damage mechanisms. At higher impact velocities, 4 GPa compressive stresses, fiber microcracking becomes pronounced.

Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation of Fiber Reinforced Composite Structures

Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation of Fiber Reinforced Composite Structures Book
Author : Shuncong Zhong,Walter Nsengiyumva
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-04-01
ISBN : 9811908486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a detailed description of the most common nondestructive testing(NDT) techniques used for the testing and evaluation fiber-reinforced composite structures, during manufacturing and/or in service stages. In order to facilitate the understanding and the utility of the different NDT techniques presented, the book first provides some information regarding the defects and material degradation mechanisms observed in fiber-reinforced composite structures as well as their general description and most probable causes. It is written based on the extensive scientific research and engineering backgrounds of the authors in the NDT and structural health monitoring (SHM) of structural systems from various areas including electrical, mechanical, materials, civil and biomedical engineering. Pursuing a rigorous approach, the book establishes a fundamental framework for the NDT of fiber-reinforced composite structures, while emphasizing on the importance of technique’s spatial resolution, integrated systems analysis and the significance of the influence stemming from the applicability of the NDT and the physical parameters of the test structures in the selection and utilization of adequate NDT techniques. The book is intended for students who are interested in the NDT of fiber-reinforced composite structures, researchers investigating the applicability of different NDT techniques to the inspections of structural systems, and NDT researchers and engineers working on the optimization of NDT systems for specific applications involving the use of fiber-reinforced composite structures.

Structural Health Monitoring of Biocomposites Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites

Structural Health Monitoring of Biocomposites  Fibre Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-11-23
ISBN : 0081022999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structural Health Monitoring of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites provides detailed information on failure analysis, mechanical and physical properties, structural health monitoring, durability and life prediction, modelling of damage processes of natural fiber, synthetic fibers, and natural/natural, and natural/synthetic fiber hybrid composites. It provides a comprehensive review of both established and promising new technologies currently under development in the emerging area of structural health monitoring in aerospace, construction and automotive structures. In addition, it describes SHM methods and sensors related to specific composites and how advantages and limitations of various sensors and methods can help make informed choices. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites

Engineered Interfaces in Fiber Reinforced Composites Book
Author : Jang-Kyo Kim,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1998-10-21
ISBN : 9780080530970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study and application of composite materials are a truly interdisciplinary endeavour that has been enriched by contributions from chemistry, physics, materials science, mechanics and manufacturing engineering. The understanding of the interface (or interphase) in composites is the central point of this interdisciplinary effort. From the early development of composite materials of various nature, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composite materials, few of them deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of fiber reinforced composites. Further, many recent advances devoted solely to research in composite interfaces have been scattered in a variety of published literature and have yet to be assembled in a readily accessible form. To this end this book is an attempt to bring together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface properties to optimise the mechanical peformance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, ultra high modulus polyethylene and some inorganic (e.g. B/W, A12O3, SiC) fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, metals/alloys and ceramics. The book is intended to provide a comprehensive treatment of composite interfaces in such a way that it should be of interest to materials scientists, technologists and practising engineers, as well as graduate students and their supervisors in advanced composites. We hope that this book will also serve as a valuable source of reference to all those involved in the design and research of composite interfaces. The book contains eight chapters of discussions on microstructure-property relationships with underlying fundamental mechanics principles. In Chapter 1, an introduction is given to the nature and definition of interfaces in fiber reinforced composites. Chapter 2 is devoted to the mechanisms of adhesion which are specific to each fiber-matrix system, and the physio-chemical characterization of the interface with regard to the origin of adhesion. The experimental techniques that have been developed to assess the fiber-matrix interface bond quality on a microscopic scale are presented in Chapter 3, along with the techniques of measuring interlaminar/intralaminar strengths and fracture toughness using bulk composite laminates. The applicability and limitations associated with loading geometry and interpretation of test data are compared. Chapter 4 presents comprehensive theoretical analyses based on shear-lag models of the single fiber composite tests, with particular interest being placed on the interface debond process and the nature of the fiber-matrix interfacial bonding. Chapter 5 is devoted to reviewing current techniques of fiber surface treatments which have been devised to improve the bond strength and the fiber-matrix compatibility/stability during the manufacturing processes of composites. The micro-failure mechanisms and their associated theories of fracture toughness of composites are discussed in Chapter 6. The roles of the interface and its effects on the mechanical performance of fiber composites are addressed from several viewpoints. Recent research efforts to augment the transverse and interlaminar fracture toughness by means of controlled interfaces are presented in Chapters 7 and 8.