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Failure Analysis And Fractography Of Polymer Composites

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Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites

Failure Analysis and Fractography of Polymer Composites Book
Author : Emile Greenhalgh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-09-28
ISBN : 1845696816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing use of polymer composites is leading to increasing demand for fractographic expertise. Fractography is the study of fracture surface morphologies and it gives an insight into damage and failure mechanisms, underpinning the development of physically-based failure criteria. In composites research it provides a crucial link between predictive models and experimental observations. Finally, it is vital for post-mortem analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components, the findings of which can be used to optimise future designs. Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites covers the following topics: methodology and tools for failure analysis; fibre-dominated failures; delamination-dominated failures; fatigue failures; the influence of fibre architecture on failure; types of defect and damage; case studies of failures due to overload and design deficiencies; case studies of failures due to material and manufacturing defects; and case studies of failures due to in-service factors. With its distinguished author, Failure analysis and fractography of polymer composites is a standard reference text for researchers working on damage and failure mechanisms in composites, engineers characterising manufacturing and in-service defects in composite structures, and investigators undertaking post-mortem failure analysis of components. The book is aimed at both academic and industrial users, specifically final year and postgraduate engineering and materials students researching composites and industry designers and engineers in aerospace, civil, marine, power and transport applications. Examines the study of fracture surface morphologies in uderstanding composite structural behaviour Discusses composites research and post-modern analysis of failed or crashed polymer composite components Provides an overview of damage mechanisms, types of defect and failure criteria

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers Book
Author : Michael Hayes,Dale Edwards,Andy Shah
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-05-08
ISBN : 0323297994
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers provides a practical guide to the science of fractography and its application in the failure analysis of plastic components. In addition to a brief background on the theory of fractography, the authors discuss the various fractographic tools and techniques used to identify key fracture characteristics. Case studies are included for a wide range of polymer types, applications, and failure modes, as well as best practice guidelines enabling engineers to apply these lessons to their own work. Detailed images and their appropriate context are presented for reference in failure investigations. This text is vital for engineers who must determine the root causes of failure when it occurs, helping them further study the ramifications of product liability claims, environmental concerns, and brand image. Presents a comprehensive guide to applied fractography, enabling improved reliability and longevity of plastic parts and products Includes case studies that demonstrate material selection decisions and how to reduce failure rates Provides best practices on how to analyze the cause of material failures, along with guidelines on improving design and manufacturing decisions

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics

Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics Book
Author : ASM International,Steve Lampman
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2003
ISBN : 1615030735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The selection and application of engineered materials is an integrated process that requires an understanding of the interaction between materials properties, manufacturing characteristics, design considerations, and the total life cycle of the product. This reference book on engineering plastics provides practical and comprehensive coverage on how the performance of plastics is characterized during design, property testing, and failure analysis. The fundamental structure and properties of plastics are reviewed for general reference, and detailed articles describe the important design factors, properties, and failure mechanisms of plastics. The effects of composition, processing, and structure are detailed in articles on the physical, chemical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Other articles cover failure mechanisms such as: crazing and fracture; impact loading; fatigue failure; wear failures, moisture related failure; organic chemical related failure; photolytic degradation; and microbial degradation. Characterization of plastics in failure analysis is described with additional articles on analysis of structure, surface analysis, and fractography.

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention

Plastics Failure Analysis and Prevention Book
Author : John Moalli
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2001-12-31
ISBN : 081551865X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains analysis of reasons that cause products to fail. General methods of product failure evaluation give powerful tools in product improvement. Such methods, discussed in the book, include practical risk analysis, failure mode and effect analysis, preliminary hazard analysis, progressive failure analysis, fault tree analysis, mean time between failures, Wohler curves, finite element analysis, cohesive zone model, crack propagation kinetics, time-temperature collectives, quantitative characterization of fatigue damage, and fracture maps. Methods of failure analysis are critical to for material improvement and they are broadly discussed in this book. Fractography of plastics is relatively a new field which has many commonalities with fractography of metals. Here various aspects of fractography of plastics and metals are compared and contrasted. Fractography application in studies of static and cycling loading of ABS is also discussed. Other methods include SEM, SAXS, FTIR, DSC, DMA, GC/MS, optical microscopy, fatigue behavior, multiaxial stress, residual stress analysis, punch resistance, creep-rupture, impact, oxidative induction time, craze testing, defect analysis, fracture toughness, activation energy of degradation. Many references are given in this book to real products and real cases of their failure. The products discussed include office equipment, automotive compressed fuel gas system, pipes, polymer blends, blow molded parts, layered, cross-ply and continuous fiber composites, printed circuits, electronic packages, hip implants, blown and multilayered films, construction materials, component housings, brake cups, composite pressure vessels, swamp coolers, electrical cables, plumbing fittings, medical devices, medical packaging, strapping tapes, balloons, marine coatings, thermal switches, pressure relief membranes, pharmaceutical products, window profiles, and bone cements.

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites

Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites Book
Author : Anne C. Roulin-Moloney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1989-06-06
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fractography and Failure Mechanisms of Polymers and Composites book written by Anne C. Roulin-Moloney, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials

Failure Analysis of Engineering Materials Book
Author : Charles R. Brooks,Ashok Choudhury
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780071357586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text introduces the important aspects associated with the failure analysis of engineering components; and provides a treatment of both macroscopic and microscopic observations of fracture surfaces. --

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

Fracture Failure Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Thottyeapalayam Palanisamy Satishkumar,Marta Maria Moure Cuadrado,Suchart Siengchin,Claudia Barile
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-19
ISBN : 9811606420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a unified approach to fracture behavior of natural and synthetic fiber-reinforced polymer composites on the basis of fiber orientation, the addition of fillers, characterization, properties and applications. In addition, the book contains an extensive survey of recent improvements in the research and development of fracture analysis of FRP composites that are used to make higher fracture toughness composites in various applications.The FRP composites are an emerging area in polymer science with many structural applications. The rise in materials failure by fracture has forced scientists and researchers to develop new higher strength materials for obtaining higher fracture toughness. Therefore, further knowledge and insight into the different modes of fracture behavior of FRP composites are critical to expanding the range of their application.

Fractography

Fractography Book
Author : Derek Hull
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1999-09-23
ISBN : 9780521646840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An advanced 1999 text for those working in materials science and related inter-disciplinary subjects.

Polymer Based Composites

Polymer Based Composites Book
Author : V. Arumugaprabu,R. Deepak Joel Johnson,M. Uthayakumar,P. Sivaranjana
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-23
ISBN : 1000433099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing use of composite materials over conventional materials has been a continual trend for over a decade. While the fundamental understanding of fiber reinforcement has not changed, many new material advancements have occurred, especially in manufacturing methods, and there is an ever-growing number of composite material applications across various industries. Polymer-Based Composites: Design, Manufacturing, and Applications presents the concepts and methods involved in the development of various fiber-reinforced composite materials. Features: Offers a comprehensive view of materials, mechanics, processing, design, and applications Bridges the gap between research, manufacturing science, and analysis and design Discusses composite materials composed of continuous synthetic fibers and matrices for use in engineering structures Presents codes and standards related to fiber-reinforced polymer composites Includes case studies and examples based on industrial, automotive, aerospace, and household applications This book is a valuable resource for advanced students, researchers, and industry personnel to understand recent advances in the field and achieve practical results in the development, manufacture, and application of advanced composite materials.

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites

Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : Paul Robinson,Emile Greenhalgh,Silvestre Pinho
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-01-19
ISBN : 0857095323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer matrix composites are increasingly replacing traditional materials, such as metals, for applications in the aerospace, automotive and marine industries. Because of the relatively recent development of these composites there is extensive on-going research to improve the understanding and modelling of their behaviour – particularly their failure processes. As a consequence there is a strong demand among design engineers for the latest information on this behaviour in order to fully exploit the potential of these materials for a wide range of weight-sensitive applications. Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites explores the main types of composite failure and examines their implications in specific applications. Part one discusses various failure mechanisms, including a consideration of manufacturing defects and addressing a variety of loading forms such as impact and the implications for structural integrity. This part also reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure in composites. Part two investigates the effects of polymer-matrix composite failure in a range of industries including aerospace, automotive and other transport, defence, marine and off-shore applications. Recycling issues and environmental factors affecting the use of composite materials are also considered. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors Failure mechanisms in polymer matrix composites is a valuable reference for designers, scientists and research and development managers working in the increasing range of industries in which composite materials are extensively used. The book will also be a useful guide for academics studying in the composites field. Discusses various failure mechanisms, including manufacturing defects Reviews testing techniques and modelling methods for predicting potential failure Investigates failure in aerospace, automotive, defence, marine and off-shore applications

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials

Deformation and Fracture Behaviour of Polymer Materials Book
Author : Wolfgang Grellmann,Beate Langer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-12
ISBN : 3319418793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the most recent advances in the deformation and fracture behaviour of polymer material. It provides deeper insight into related morphology–property correlations of thermoplastics, elastomers and polymer resins. Each chapter of this book gives a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art methods of materials testing and diagnostics, tailored for plastic pipes, films and adhesive systems as well as elastomeric components and others. The investigation of deformation and fracture behaviour using the experimental methods of fracture mechanics has been the subject of intense research during the last decade. In a systematic manner, modern aspects of fracture mechanics in the industrial application of polymers for bridging basic research and industrial development are illustrated by multifarious examples of innovative materials usage. This book will be of value to scientists, engineers and in polymer materials science.

Polymer Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction

Polymer Silica Based Composites in Sustainable Construction Book
Author : Harrison Shagwira,Fredrick Madaraka Mwema,Thomas Ochuku Mbuya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-12-27
ISBN : 1000527956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the application of Polymer-Silica Based Composites in the Construction Industry providing the fundamental framework and knowledge needed for the sustainable and efficient use of these composites as building and structural materials. It also includes characterization of prepared materials to ascertain mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and analyses results obtained using similar methods. Topics such as life cycle analysis of plastics, application of plastics in construction and elimination of plastic wastes are also discussed. The book also provides information on the outlook and competitiveness of emerging composites materials. Covers theory, preparation and characterizations of polymer-silica based composites for green construction. Discusses technology, reliability, manufacturing cost and environmental impact. Reviews the classification, application, and processing of polymer-silica composites. Gives a deeper analysis on the various tests carried out on polymer-silica composite. Highlights role of such composites in the Industry 4.0 and emerging technologies. This book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in civil engineering, built environment, construction materials, and materials science.

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : R M Guedes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-11-29
ISBN : 0857090437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Creep is the tendency of materials to deform when subjected to long-term stress, particularly when exposed to heat. Fatigue phenomena occur when a material is subjected to cyclic loading, causing damage which may progress to failure. Both are critical factors in the long-term performance and reliability of materials such as polymer matrix composites which are often exposed to these types of stress in civil engineering and other applications. This important book reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modelling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behaviour as a way of predicting performance and service life. Part two discusses techniques for modelling creep rupture and failure. The final part of the book discusses ways of testing and predicting long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites is a standard reference for all those researching and using polymer matrix composites in such areas as civil engineering. Reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites A specific focus on viscoelestic and viscoplastic modelling features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Creep rupture and damage interaction is examined with particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures illustrated using experimental cases

Handbook of Adhesion Technology

Handbook of Adhesion Technology Book
Author : Lucas F. M. da Silva,Andreas Öchsner,Robert D. Adams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-10
ISBN : 3642011683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adhesives have been used for thousands of years, but until 100 years ago, the vast majority was from natural products such as bones, skins, fish, milk, and plants. Since about 1900, adhesives based on synthetic polymers have been introduced, and today, there are many industrial uses of adhesives and sealants. It is difficult to imagine a product—in the home, in industry, in transportation, or anywhere else for that matter—that does not use adhesives or sealants in some manner. The Handbook of Adhesion Technology is intended to be the definitive reference in the field of adhesion. Essential information is provided for all those concerned with the adhesion phenomenon. Adhesion is a phenomenon of interest in diverse scientific disciplines and of importance in a wide range of technologies. Therefore, this handbook includes the background science (physics, chemistry and materials science), engineering aspects of adhesion and industry specific applications. It is arranged in a user-friendly format with ten main sections: theory of adhesion, surface treatments, adhesive and sealant materials, testing of adhesive properties, joint design, durability, manufacture, quality control, applications and emerging areas. Each section contains about five chapters written by internationally renowned authors who are authorities in their fields. This book is intended to be a reference for people needing a quick, but authoritative, description of topics in the field of adhesion and the practical use of adhesives and sealants. Scientists and engineers of many different backgrounds who need to have an understanding of various aspects of adhesion technology will find it highly valuable. These will include those working in research or design, as well as others involved with marketing services. Graduate students in materials, processes and manufacturing will also want to consult it.

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites

Advances in Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Fengge Gao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-10-19
ISBN : 0857096249
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites. Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites

Fatigue Life Prediction of Composites and Composite Structures

Fatigue Life Prediction of Composites and Composite Structures Book
Author : A P Vassilopoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-27
ISBN : 1845699793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of composites is growing in structural applications in many industries including aerospace, marine, wind turbine and civil engineering. There are uncertainties about the long term performance of these composites and how they will perform under cyclic fatigue loading. Fatigue life prediction of composites and composite structures provides a comprehensive review of fatigue damage and fatigue life prediction methodologies for composites and how they can be used in practice. After an introductory chapter, Part one reviews developments in ways of modelling composite fatigue life. The second part of the book reviews developments in predicting composite fatigue life under different conditions including constant and variable amplitude loading as well as multiaxial and cyclic loading. Part three then describes applications such as fatigue life prediction of bonded joints and wind turbine rotor blades as well as health monitoring of composite structures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Fatigue life prediction of composites and composite structures is a standard reference for industry and researchers working with composites and those concerned with the long-term performance and fatigue life of composite components and structures. Examines past, present and future trends associated with fatigue life prediction of composite materials and structures Assesses novel computational methods for fatigue life modelling and prediction of composite materials under constant amplitude loading Specific chapters investigate fatigue life prediction of wind turbine rotor blades and bonded joints in composite structures

Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites

Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : S C Tjong,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-10-29
ISBN : 0857090240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer nanocomposites are polymer matrices reinforced with nano-scale fillers. This new class of composite materials has shown improved mechanical and physical properties. The latter include enhanced optical, electrical and dielectric properties. This important book begins by examining the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites, then reviews their diverse applications. Part one focuses on polymer/nanoparticle composites, their synthesis, optical properties and electrical conductivity. Part two describes the electrical, dielectric and thermal behaviour of polymer/nanoplatelet composites, whilst polymer/nanotube composites are the subject of Part three. The processing and industrial applications of these nanocomposite materials are discussed in Part four, including uses in fuel cells, bioimaging and sensors as well as the manufacture and applications of electrospun polymer nanocomposite fibers, nanostructured transition metal oxides, clay nanofiller/epoxy nanocomposites, hybrid epoxy-silica-rubber nanocomposites and other rubber-based nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites: Physical properties and applications is a valuable reference tool for both the research community and industry professionals wanting to learn about the these materials and their applications in such areas as fuel cell, sensor and biomedical technology. Examines the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites and reviews their diverse applications Comprehensively assesses polymer/nanoparticle composites exploring experimental techniques and data associated with the conductivity and dielectric characterization A specific section on polymer/nanotube composites features electrical and dielectric behaviour of polymer/carbon nanotube composites

Failure Analysis of Brittle Materials Volume 28

Failure Analysis of Brittle Materials  Volume 28 Book
Author : V. D. Frechette
Publisher : Wiley-American Ceramic Society
Release : 1990-09
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fractures are discussed theoretically and practically. This book represents a conscious effort on the part of the author to detail the "life" of a crack, from its inception, through its growth, to its culmination. The author is careful to define all key terms within the text, making this book an excellent reference for anyone working with brittle materials.

Failure Analysis

Failure Analysis Book
Author : Zheng-Ming Huang,Sayed Hemeda (Civil engineer)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 1839682531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Failure Analysis book written by Zheng-Ming Huang,Sayed Hemeda (Civil engineer), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers

Compositional and Failure Analysis of Polymers Book
Author : John Scheirs
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2000-10-03
ISBN : 9780471625728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intended as a practical guide for polymer technologists, engineers and analysts in the plastics, composites and rubber fields, this title describes a range of techniques and strategies for compositional and failure analysis of polymeric materials and products. Numerous examples illustrate the application of analytical methods for solving commonly encountered problems in the polymer industry. The reader is guided towards the most appropriate method of analysis and measurement and the most likely reasons for the failure. Areas covered include: * Migration and interaction of additives * Mechanical stress and stress cracking * Crazing and fracture * Residual stress and weld lines * Contamination and discoloration Numerous pedagogical methods, illustrative flow diagrams, figures and tables are used throughout the text to make it an invaluable guide to all analysts and polymer engineers in industrial or academic laboratories.