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Eye Movement Research

Eye Movement Research Book
Author : Christoph Klein,Ulrich Ettinger
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 303020085X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume presents fundamentals as well as applications of oculomotor methods in industrial and clinical settings. The topical spectrum covers 1.) basics and background material, 2.) methods such as recording techniques, markov models, Lévy flights, pupillometry and many more, as well as 3.) a broad range of applications in clinical and industrial settings. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Eye Movement Research

Eye Movement Research Book
Author : J.M. Findlay,R. Walker,R.W. Kentridge
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1995-02-03
ISBN : 9780080531540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains selected and edited papers from the 7th European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 7) held in Durham, UK on August 31-September 3 1993. The volume is organized as follows:- Invited Lectures, Pursuit and Co-Ordination, Saccade and Fixation Control, Oculomotor Physiology, Clinical and Medical Aspects of Eye Movements, Eye Movements and Cognition, Eye Movements and Language and finally, Displays and Applications.

The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements

The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements Book
Author : Simon Liversedge,Iain Gilchrist,Stefan Everling
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2011-08-18
ISBN : 0191626619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past few years, there has been an explosion of eye movement research in cognitive science and neuroscience. This has been due to the availability of 'off the shelf' eye trackers, along with software to allow the easy acquisition and analysis of eye movement data. Accompanying this has been a realisation that eye movement data can be informative about many different aspects of perceptual and cognitive processing. Eye movements have been used to examine the visual and cognitive processes underpinning a much broader range of human activities, including, language production, dialogue, human computer interaction, driving behaviour, sporting performance, and emotional states. Finally, in the past thirty years, there have been real advances in our understanding of the neural processes that underpin eye movement behaviour. The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements provides the first comprehensive review of the entire field of eye movement research. In over fifty chapters, it reviews the developments that have so far taken place, the areas actively being researched, and looks at how the field is likely to devlop in the coming years. The first section considers historical and background material, before moving onto section 2 on the neural basis of eye movements. The third and fourth sections looks at visual cognition and eye movements and eye movement pathology and development. The final sections consider eye movements and reading and language processing and eye movements. Bringing together cutting edge research from and international team of leading psychologists, neuroscientists, and vision researchers, this book is the definitive reference work in this field.

Eye Movements

Eye Movements Book
Author : Roger PG van Gompel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-03-27
ISBN : 9780080474915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eye-movement recording has become the method of choice in a wide variety of disciplines investigating how the mind and brain work. This volume brings together recent, high-quality eye-movement research from many different disciplines and, in doing so, presents a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in eye-movement research. Sections include the history of eye-movement research, physiological and clinical studies of eye movements, transsaccadic integration, computational modelling of eye movements, reading, spoken language processing, attention and scene perception, and eye-movements in natural environments. Includes recent research from a variety of disciplines Divided into sections based on topic areas, with an overview chapter beginning each section Through the study of eye movements we can learn about the human mind, and eye movement recording has become the method of choice in many disciplines

The Neurology of Eye Movements Text and CD ROM

The Neurology of Eye Movements   Text and CD ROM Book
Author : Departments of Neurology R. John Leigh Professor, Neuroscience Otolaryngology and Biomedical Engineering Case Western Reserve University University Hospitals and Veterans Affairs Medical Center Cleveland Ohio,Departments of Neurology David S. Zee Professor, Ophthalmology Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Neuroscience
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1999-08-26
ISBN : 0198029705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Neurology of Eye Movements provides clinicians with a synthesis of current scientific information that can be applied to the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of ocular motility. Basic scientists will also benefit from descriptions of how data from anatomical, electrophysiological, pharmacological, and imaging studies can be directly applied to the study of disease. By critically reviewing such basic studies, the authors build a conceptual framework that can be applied to the interpretation of abnormal ocular motor behavior at the bedside. These syntheses are summarized in displays, new figures, schematics and tables. Early chapters discuss the visual need and neural basis for each functional class of eye movements. Two large chapters deal with the evaluation of double vision and systematically evaluate how many disorders of the central nervous system affect eye movements. This edition has been extensively rewritten, and contains many new figures and an up-to-date section on the treatment of abnormal eye movements such as nystagmus. A major innovation has been the development of an option to read the book from a compact disc, make use of hypertext links (which bridge basic science to clinical issues), and view the major disorders of eye movements in over 60 video clips. This volume will provide pertinent, up-to-date information to neurologists, neuroscientists, ophthalmologists, visual scientists, otalaryngologists, optometrists, biomedical engineers, and psychologists.

Microsaccades

Microsaccades Book
Author : Bettenbühl, Mario
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-12-15
ISBN : 386956122X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first thing we do upon waking is open our eyes. Rotating them in our eye sockets, we scan our surroundings and collect the information into a picture in our head. Eye movements can be split into saccades and fixational eye movements, which occur when we attempt to fixate our gaze. The latter consists of microsaccades, drift and tremor. Before we even lift our eye lids, eye movements – such as saccades and microsaccades that let the eyes jump from one to another position – have partially been prepared in the brain stem. Saccades and microsaccades are often assumed to be generated by the same mechanisms. But how saccades and microsaccades can be classified according to shape has not yet been reported in a statistical manner. Research has put more effort into the investigations of microsaccades’ properties and generation only since the last decade. Consequently, we are only beginning to understand the dynamic processes governing microsaccadic eye movements. Within this thesis, the dynamics governing the generation of microsaccades is assessed and the development of a model for the underlying processes. Eye movement trajectories from different experiments are used, recorded with a video-based eye tracking technique, and a novel method is proposed for the scale-invariant detection of saccades (events of large amplitude) and microsaccades (events of small amplitude). Using a time-frequency approach, the method is examined with different experiments and validated against simulated data. A shape model is suggested that allows for a simple estimation of saccade- and microsaccade related properties. For sequences of microsaccades, in this thesis a time-dynamic Markov model is proposed, with a memory horizon that changes over time and which can best describe sequences of microsaccades.

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements Part I

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements  Part I Book
Author : John Enderle
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2010-10-10
ISBN : 1608452336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are five different types of eye movements: saccades, smooth pursuit, vestibular ocular eye movements, optokinetic eye movements, and vergence eye movements. The purpose of this book is focused primarily on mathematical models of the horizontal saccadic eye movement system and the smooth pursuit system, rather than on how visual information is processed. A saccade is a fast eye movement used to acquire a target by placing the image of the target on the fovea. Smooth pursuit is a slow eye movement used to track a target as it moves by keeping the target on the fovea. The vestibular ocular movement is used to keep the eyes on a target during brief head movements. The optokinetic eye movement is a combination of saccadic and slow eye movements that keeps a full-field image stable on the retina during sustained head rotation. Each of these movements is a conjugate eye movement, that is, movements of both eyes together driven by a common neural source. A vergence movement is a non-conjugate eye movement allowing the eyes to track targets as they come closer or farther away. In this book, early models of saccades and smooth pursuit are presented. The smooth pursuit system allows tracking of a slow moving target to maintain its position on the fovea. Models of the smooth pursuit have been developed using systems control theory, all involving a negative feedback control system that includes a time delay, controller and plant in the forward loop, with unity feedback. The oculomotor plant and saccade generator are the basic elements of the saccadic system. The oculomotor plant consists of three muscle pairs and the eyeball. A number of oculomotor plant models are described here beginning with the Westheimer model published in 1954, and up through our 1995 model involving a 4th order oculomotor plant model. The work presented here is not an exhaustive coverage of the field, but focused on the interests of the author. In Part II, a state-of-art model of the saccade system is presented, including a neural network that controls the system. Table of Contents: Introduction / Smooth Pursuit Models / Early Models of the Horizontal Saccadic Eye Movement System / Velocity and Acceleration Estimation / 1995 Linear Homeomorphic Saccadic Eye Movement Model

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements Book
Author : John D. Enderle
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1608452328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are five different types of eye movements: saccades, smooth pursuit, vestibular ocular eye movements, optokinetic eye movements, and vergence eye movements. The purpose of this book is focused primarily on mathematical models of the horizontal saccadic eye movement system and the smooth pursuit system, rather than on how visual information is processed. A saccade is a fast eye movement used to acquire a target by placing the image of the target on the fovea. Smooth pursuit is a slow eye movement used to track a target as it moves by keeping the target on the fovea. The vestibular ocular movement is used to keep the eyes on a target during brief head movements. The optokinetic eye movement is a combination of saccadic and slow eye movements that keeps a full-field image stable on the retina during sustained head rotation. Each of these movements is a conjugate eye movement, that is, movements of both eyes together driven by a common neural source. A vergence movement is a non-conjugate eye movement allowing the eyes to track targets as they come closer or farther away. In this book, early models of saccades and smooth pursuit are presented. The smooth pursuit system allows tracking of a slow moving target to maintain its position on the fovea. Models of the smooth pursuit have been developed using systems control theory, all involving a negative feedback control system that includes a time delay, controller and plant in the forward loop, with unity feedback. The oculomotor plant and saccade generator are the basic elements of the saccadic system. The oculomotor plant consists of three muscle pairs and the eyeball. A number of oculomotor plant models are described here beginning with the Westheimer model published in 1954, and up through our 1995 model involving a 4th order oculomotor plant model. The work presented here is not an exhaustive coverage of the field, but focused on the interests of the author. In Part II, a state-of-art model of the saccade system is presented, including a neural network that controls the system. Table of Contents: Introduction / Smooth Pursuit Models / Early Models of the Horizontal Saccadic Eye Movement System / Velocity and Acceleration Estimation / 1995 Linear Homeomorphic Saccadic Eye Movement Model

The Control of Eye Movements

The Control of Eye Movements Book
Author : Paul Bach-y-Rita
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323145647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Control of Eye Movements presents the proceedings of the Symposium on the Control of Eye Movements organized by the Smith-Kettlewell Institute of Visual Sciences of the Pacific Medical Center and the Department of Visual Sciences of the University of the Pacific Graduate School of Medical Sciences, San Francisco, California, November 10-11, 1969. The book is organized into two parts. Part I is devoted to presentations of anatomical, physiological, pharmacological, psychological, and clinical aspects of eye movements. The material presented should provide a valuable reference source as well as increase awareness of the need for further investigation of many aspects of the basic physiology of eye movements. Part II presents a series of papers dealing with models of various parts of the oculomotor system. The modeling approach to control of eye movements is still in its infancy and the present work presents the first comprehensive survey of biophysical, mathematical, and engineering aspects of eye movement control.

Eye Movement Disorders

Eye Movement Disorders Book
Author : Agnes Wong
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008-06-03
ISBN : 0195324269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is for anyone trying to master the intricate relationship between eye movement disorders and their underlying neuroanatomy and pathophysiology, and for everyone who needs a quick reference for the less familiar clinical problems in these areas. It fills a great void in the ophthalmology and neurology literature by presenting the complete range of eye movement disorders in a full-color, highly illustrated format along with concise-yet-comprehensive explanations.

Eye Movements and Psychological Processes

Eye Movements and Psychological Processes Book
Author : Richard A. Monty,John W. Senders
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 1315438038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the 10 years prior to publication the quantity of research on eye movements as they pertain to psychological processes had been increasing at a rapid rate. Originally published in 1976, the editors’ purpose was to bring together investigators representing different theoretical positions and methodological approaches to present their recent findings, to debate the theoretical points of view, and to identify and discuss the major research problems on eye movements at the time. An attempt was made to invite participants ranging all the way from promising graduate students through the established authorities in the field. The result was an intensive three-day session with meetings from early morning until late into the evening with much opportunity for formal and informal group discussion. The edited papers and transcripts of the discussions are the contents of this book.

Looking and Acting

Looking and Acting Book
Author : Michael Land,Benjamin Tatler
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2009-07-30
ISBN : 0198570945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The human visual system is amazing in its ability to guide us in a diverse range of everyday tasks - driving, preparing food, reading - in addition to leisurely pursuits such as ball games, or reading music. Somehow, without conscious effort, our eyes find the information we need to negotiate the world around us. Only recently, however, has it become possible to explore just how it is that our eyes can supply the brain systems controling our limbs with the information they need to carry out these tasks. Thanks to the development of head-mounted eye trackers, we can now explore the strategies that the eye movement system uses in the the initation and guidance of action. Looking and Acting explores a wide variety of visually guided activities - from sedentary activities such as reading music, or drawing, to dynamic behaviours such as driving or playing cricket. It proposes that the eye movement system has its own store of knowledge about where to find the most appropriate information for guiding action - information not often available to conscious scrutiny. Thus, every action has its own specific repertoire of linked eye movements. The book starts with a brief background of eye movement studies. Part two reviews observations and analyses of different activities. Finally, the book looks at visual representations, the neurophysiology of the brain systems involved, and the roles of attention and learning. Opening up a whole new field in eye movement research, the fascinating new book will be of great interest to all vision scientists, (psychologists, physiologists, ophthalmologists) whether at professional, graduate, or advanced undergraduate levels.

The Brain and Regulation of Eye Movement

The Brain and Regulation of Eye Movement Book
Author : A. Shakhnovich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1468469649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Shakhnovich brought out the original Russian edition of this work in 1974. Fully half of that book was concerned with his own studies of eye movements. These included observations on patients with neuromuscular disorders that produced unique oculomotor deficits. Other anomalies of eye motility resulted from local changes in cerebral and cerebellar blood flow and the effects of surgical intervention for aneurisms and brain tumors. Supplementary experi ments included the probing of single units in the motor and visual brain areas of rabbits. Still other studies were done on normal human eye movements with the aid of the Yarbus "cap" attachment to the cornea of the eye. A major aim of the original book was to show that eye movements provide a relatively simple illustration of "goal-directed behavior." This traditional Russian theme, developed by Sechenov, Pavlov, and Bemshtein, was put forth as a unifying concept to explain the author's findings. Consideration was also given to Western ideas ana problems that dominated the research of the 1950's and 1960's. Among these, as summarized by Dr. Shakhnovich, were perceptual constancy, corollary discharge, saccadic suppression, and the effects of image stabilization.

Eye movements a window on mind and brain

Eye movements   a window on mind and brain Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Eye movements a window on mind and brain book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Eye Movements and Psychological Functions

Eye Movements and Psychological Functions Book
Author : Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-06-30
ISBN : 9780367761028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Eye Movements and Psychological Functions book written by Taylor & Francis Group, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Eye Movements and Information Processing During Reading

Eye Movements and Information Processing During Reading Book
Author : Ralph Radach,Alan Kennedy,Keith Rayner
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9781841699561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measurement and analysis of eye movements are two of the most powerful ways to study the workings of the human mind. This Special Issue on eye movements and information processing in reading presents an overview of experimental research based on this methodology. Eye movements provide a unique opportunity to examine principles of human information processing in a well-structured visual environment while people engage in a natural cognitive task. At the same time, oculomotor measures can be used as a tool to develop and test psycholinguistic hypotheses about the processing of written language. The papers in this issue contribute to both aspects, addressing issues that dominate current debates in the field. Seen from the angle of visual information processing, a major theme is the role played by parafoveal information for different types and levels of processing and for oculomotor control in reading. This includes effects of visual and linguistic word properties on the selection of words for fixation and the specification of saccade amplitudes. Clearly the most controversial question in this context concerns the allocation of attention, with positions ranging from a sequentially moving spotlight to a gradient of spatially distributed processing. Related to this is the issue of serial vs. parallel word processing and the fundamental question as to what extent the duration of fixations in reading is related to lexical processing. Taking a psycholinguistic perspective, the topics addressed include several levels of language processing from orthography to pragmatic information in sentence reading. New approaches to the study of morphologically complex words are reported, together with novel work revealing the complex nature of the apparently accessible, but elusive, concept of word frequency. Other papers reflect current theoretical discussions centered on the development of computational models of the reading process and contribute to the empirical base of these discussions. Taken together, this collection of papers, supplemented by an introduction to the field and a commentary on major issues, presents a comprehensive and up-to-date perspective on a research area currently characterised by numerous theoretical and empirical disputes. The papers will be of particular appeal to readers interested in basic and applied psycholinguistics, attention and visual perception, motor control and the modelling of complex cognitive processes.

Eye Movements in the Critical Care Setting

Eye Movements in the Critical Care Setting Book
Author : Aasef Shaikh
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 3030702219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Eye Movements in the Critical Care Setting book written by Aasef Shaikh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Eye Movement Basics for the Clinician

Eye Movement Basics for the Clinician Book
Author : Kenneth J. Ciuffreda,Barry Tannen
Publisher : Mosby Incorporated
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using a clinically oriented framework, this reference describes the basic aspects of eye movement control as well as clinical implications and practical use. Covers basic eye movement systems and eye movement recording systems along with listings of the various types, costs and characteristics of each. Extensive use of graphics, case studies and original eye movement recordings makes it an easy-to-use resource.

The Interface of Language Vision and Action

The Interface of Language  Vision  and Action Book
Author : John Henderson,Fernanda Ferreira
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-05-24
ISBN : 1135432406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together chapters from investigators on the leading edge on this new research area to explore on the leading edge on this new research area to explore common theoretical issues, empirical findings, technical problems, and outstanding questions. This book will serve as a blueprint for work on the interface of vision, language, and action over the next five to ten years.

Eye Movements from Physiology to Cognition

Eye Movements from Physiology to Cognition Book
Author : J.K. O'Regan,A. Lévy-Schoen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483290069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Eye movement research from a range of disciplines is presented in this book. Contributions from all over the world examine theoretical and applied aspects of eye movements, including classical biocybernetic models, physiology, pathology, ocular exploration, reading, ergonomics/human factors, and microcomputer calibration techniques.