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Extreme Hydrology And Climate Variability

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Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability Book
Author : Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew,Gabriel Senay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 0128159995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Hydrologic Science
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-11-17
ISBN : 0309217717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate theory dictates that core elements of the climate system, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, and reservoirs of atmospheric and soil moisture, should change as the climate warms, both in their means and extremes. A major challenge that faces the climate and hydrologic science communities is understanding the nature of these ongoing changes in climate and hydrology and the apparent anomalies that exist in reconciling their extreme manifestations. The National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Hydrologic Science (COHS) held a workshop on January 5-6, 2010, that examined how climate warming translates into hydrologic extremes like floods and droughts. The workshop brought together three groups of experts. The first two groups consisted of atmospheric scientists and hydrologists focused on the scientific underpinnings and empirical evidence linking climate variability to hydrologic extremes. The third group consisted of water managers and decision-makers charged with the design and operation of water systems that in the future must be made resilient in light of a changing climate and an environment of hydrologic extremes. Global Change and Extreme Hydrology summarizes the proceedings of this workshop. This report presents an overview of the current state of the science in terms of climate change and extreme hydrologic events. It examines the "conventional wisdom" that climate change will "accelerate" the hydrologic cycle, fuel more evaporation, and generate more precipitation, based on an increased capacity of a warmer atmosphere to hold more water vapor. The report also includes descriptions of the changes in frequency and severity of extremes, the ability (or inability) to model these changes, and the problem of communicating the best science to water resources practitioners in useful forums.

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology Book
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Hydrologic Science,National Research Council
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9786613376350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate theory dictates that core elements of the climate system, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, and reservoirs of atmospheric and soil moisture, should change as the climate warms, both in their means and extremes. A major challenge that faces the climate and hydrologic science communities is understanding the nature of these ongoing changes in climate and hydrology and the apparent anomalies that exist in reconciling their extreme manifestations. The National Research Council (NRe Committee on Hydrologic Science (COHS) held a workshop on January 5-6, 2010, that examined how climate warming translates into hydrologic extremes like floods and droughts. The workshop brought together three groups of experts. The first two groups consisted of atmospheric scientists and hydrologists focused on the scientific underpinnings and empirical evidence linking climate variability to hydrologic extremes. The third group consisted of water managers and decision-makers charged with the design and operation of water systems that in the future must be made resilient in light of a changing climate and an environment of hydrologic extremes. Global Change and Extreme Hydrology summarizes the proceedings of this workshop. This report presents an overview of the current state of the science in terms of climate change and extreme hydrologic events. It examines the "conventional wisdom" that climate change will "accelerate" the hydrologic cycle, fuel more evaporation, and generate more precipitation, based on an increased capacity of a warmer atmosphere to hold more water vapor. The report also includes descriptions of the changes in frequency and severity of extremes, the ability (or inability) to model these changes, and the problem of communicating the best science to water resources practitioners in useful forums.

Climate Variability and Change hydrological Impacts

Climate Variability and Change  hydrological Impacts Book
Author : Arthur Askew,Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data (Project)
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781901502787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains 117 reviewed papers from over 30 countries, published in English, French and Spanish, which reflect both international dimension of FRIEND and the key challenges facing hydrologists in the 21st century.

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Hydrologic Science
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-12-17
ISBN : 0309217687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate theory dictates that core elements of the climate system, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, and reservoirs of atmospheric and soil moisture, should change as the climate warms, both in their means and extremes. A major challenge that faces the climate and hydrologic science communities is understanding the nature of these ongoing changes in climate and hydrology and the apparent anomalies that exist in reconciling their extreme manifestations. The National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Hydrologic Science (COHS) held a workshop on January 5-6, 2010, that examined how climate warming translates into hydrologic extremes like floods and droughts. The workshop brought together three groups of experts. The first two groups consisted of atmospheric scientists and hydrologists focused on the scientific underpinnings and empirical evidence linking climate variability to hydrologic extremes. The third group consisted of water managers and decision-makers charged with the design and operation of water systems that in the future must be made resilient in light of a changing climate and an environment of hydrologic extremes. Global Change and Extreme Hydrology summarizes the proceedings of this workshop. This report presents an overview of the current state of the science in terms of climate change and extreme hydrologic events. It examines the "conventional wisdom" that climate change will "accelerate" the hydrologic cycle, fuel more evaporation, and generate more precipitation, based on an increased capacity of a warmer atmosphere to hold more water vapor. The report also includes descriptions of the changes in frequency and severity of extremes, the ability (or inability) to model these changes, and the problem of communicating the best science to water resources practitioners in useful forums.

Hydrological Aspects of Climate Change

Hydrological Aspects of Climate Change Book
Author : Ashish Pandey,Sanjay Kumar,Arun Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-19
ISBN : 9811603944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume arises from the work of Roorkee Water Conclave 2020 and focuses on the hydrological aspects of climate change, hydrological extremes, and adaptation for water resources management. The research papers in this book are centred on themes such as climate change and water security, water resources management, and adaptation to climate change. This volume contains chapters on historical purview of the developments in water management, policy issues, latest development in sustainable water management including their practical applications, real time adverse impact on climate, and more. This volume will be useful to students, researchers as well as practitioners.

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change Hydroclimatic variability

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change  Hydroclimatic variability Book
Author : Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781901502138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brings together and provides an overview of diverse investigations from different climate zones and regions, many of the contributions focusing on historic variability as a function of climate and/or land-use change.

Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards

Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards Book
Author : Katarína Strelcová,Csaba Matyas,Axel Kleidon,Milan Lapin,František Matejka,Miroslav Blazenec,Jaroslav Škvarenina,Jan Holecy
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-30
ISBN : 1402088760
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anthropogenic influences to the earth's system, including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, cryosphere and lithosphere, represent a serious challenge to our planet's ecosystems and natural environments. Bioclimatology, hydrology, bio-hydrology and eco-physiology are important scientific research areas with wide application to environmental protection, forestry, agriculture and water management, and protection against natural hazards including droughts, floods, windstorms, weather extremes, and wild fires. Bioclimatology helps to better understand the causes and impacts of natural hazards and how to prevent them. Improved knowledge of natural hazards is a vital prerequisite for the implementation of integrated resource management. It provides a useful framework for combating current climate variability and for adapting to ongoing climate change. This book presents research on the interactions between meteorological, climatological, hydrological and biological processes in the atmospheric and terrestrial environment. It highlights a spectrum of topics associated with climate change and weather extremes and their impact on different economic sectors. The contributing authors come from renowned scientific research institutions and universities and specialise in issues of climate change, soil-plant-atmosphere interactions, hydrologic cycle, ecosystems, biosphere, and natural hazards.

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change Hydroclimatic variability

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change  Hydroclimatic variability Book
Author : Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781901502138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brings together and provides an overview of diverse investigations from different climate zones and regions, many of the contributions focusing on historic variability as a function of climate and/or land-use change.

Sustainable Water Resources Planning and Management Under Climate Change

Sustainable Water Resources Planning and Management Under Climate Change Book
Author : Elpida Kolokytha,Satoru Oishi,Ramesh S.V. Teegavarapu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-18
ISBN : 9811020515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses different aspects of water resources, ranging from hydrology and modeling to management and policy responses. Climate changes and the uncertainty of future hydrological regimes make sustainable water resources management a difficult task, requiring a set of approaches that address climate variability and change. The book focuses on three main themes: hydrological changes, adaptive decision-making for water resources, and institutional analysis and risk management. It discusses the applications and limitations of climate change models and scenarios related to precipitation projection, which predicts to the future availability of water. It also offers interesting examples from around the globe to describe the policy options for dealing with climate change. Addressing emerging issues that need to be resolved and techniques that can be applied for sustainable climate-change-sensitive water resources protection and management, this practical, state-of-the-art reference book is a valuable resource for researchers, students and professionals interested in sustainable water resources management in a changing climate.

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events Book
Author : Gerald Corzo,Emmanouil Varouchakis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-20
ISBN : 0128117311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatio-temporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events offers an extensive view of the experiences and applications of the latest developments and methodologies for analyzing and understanding extreme environmental and hydrological events. The book addresses the topic using spatio-temporal methods, such as space-time geostatistics, machine learning, statistical theory, hydrological modelling, neural network and evolutionary algorithms. This important resource for both hydrologists and statisticians interested in the framework of spatial and temporal analysis of hydrological events will provide users with an enhanced understanding of the relationship between magnitude, dynamics and the probability of extreme hydrological events. Presents spatio-temporal processes, including multivariate dynamic modelling Provides varying methodological approaches, giving the readers multiple hydrological modelling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations

Extreme Hydrological Events New Concepts for Security

Extreme Hydrological Events  New Concepts for Security Book
Author : O.F. Vasiliev,P.H.A.J.M.van Gelder,E.J. Plate,M.V. Bolgov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-03-23
ISBN : 1402057393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the development of advanced methods for the prediction, the estimation of occurrence probabilities and the risk related to extreme hydrological events. It also discusses the reduction of the vulnerability of social, economic, and engineering systems to extreme hydrologic events and the decrease of their effects on such systems.

Water Security Under Climate Change

Water Security Under Climate Change Book
Author : Asit K. Biswas,Cecilia Tortajada
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-27
ISBN : 981165493X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the likely impacts of climate change in terms of global and national water securities, how different countries are attempting to address these complex problems and to what extent they are likely to succeed. A major global concern at present, especially after the social and economic havoc that has been caused by COVID-19 in only one year, is how we can return to earlier levels of economic development patterns and then further improve the process so that sustainable development goals are reached to the extent possible by 2030, in both developed and developing countries. Mankind is now facing two existential problems over the next several decades. These are climate change and whether the world will have access to enough water to meet all its food, energy, environment and health needs. Much of expected climate change impacts can be seen through the lens of extreme hydrological events, like droughts, floods and other extreme hydrometeorological events. Chapter 7 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.Chapter 12 is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License via link.springer.com.

Climate Impacts on Extreme Weather

Climate Impacts on Extreme Weather Book
Author : Victor Ongoma,Hossein Tabari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-17
ISBN : 0323904203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Impacts on Extreme Weather: Current to Future Changes on a Local to Global Scale presents fundamentals and advances in the science of weather and climate extremes, building on the existing knowledge by using regional and global case studies. The book provides an analysis of historical and future changes, physical processes, measurements, space-time variability, socioeconomic impact, and risk management. It provides policy makers, researchers and students working in climate change with a thorough reference for understanding the diverse impacts of extreme weather and climate change on varying geographic scales. With contributions from experts across the globe, the book utilizes methods, case studies, modeling, and analysis to present valuable, up-to-date knowledge about the interaction of climate change, weather and the many implications of the changing environment. Offers comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of climate research related to extremes Includes both regional and global case studies for applying research to practice, providing a deeper understanding of the science Presents both observed and projected findings using primary research and models

Climate Risk and Sustainable Water Management

Climate Risk and Sustainable Water Management Book
Author : Qiuhong Tang,Guoyong Leng
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2022-01-31
ISBN : 1108846181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is leading to changing patterns of precipitation and increasingly extreme global weather. There is an urgent need to synthesize our current knowledge on climate risks to water security, which in turn is fundamental for achieving sustainable water management. Climate Risk and Sustainable Water Management discusses hydrological extremes, climate variability, climate impact assessment, risk analysis, and hydrological modelling. It provides a comprehensive interdisciplinary exploration of climate risks to water security, helping to guide sustainable water management in a changing and uncertain future. The relevant theory is accessibly explained using examples throughout, helping readers to apply the knowledge learned to their own situations and challenges. This textbook is especially valuable to students of hydrology, resource management, climate change, and geography, as well as a reference textbook for researchers, civil and environmental engineers, and water management professionals concerned with water-related hazards, water cycles, and climate change.

Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas

Climate and Hydrology of Mountain Areas Book
Author : Carmen de Jong,David N. Collins,Roberto Ranzi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-06-17
ISBN : 9780470858141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive overview of interaction of the major hydrological and meteorological processes in mountain areas ie Cryosphere and Climatic Change, Snow Melt and Soil Water, Run-off and Floods, Water fluxes and Water Balance, Hydro-meteorological Coupling and Modelling. Each section will review recent research in the field and illustrate key interactions with case studies from mountainous regions in Europe, The Americas and Central Asia.

Climate Change 2007 The Physical Science Basis

Climate Change 2007   The Physical Science Basis Book
Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group 1, Science,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group I.,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Staff
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-09-10
ISBN : 0521705967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report on scientific aspects of climate change for researchers, students, and policymakers.

Climate Change 2007 Impacts Adaptation and Vulnerability

Climate Change 2007   Impacts  Adaptation and Vulnerability Book
Author : Martin L. Parry
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0521880106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Climate Change 2007 volumes of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) provide the most comprehensive and balanced assessment of climate change available. This IPCC Working Group II volume provides a completely up-to-date scientific assessment of the impacts of climate change, the vulnerability of natural and human environments, and the potential for response through adaptation. Written by the world's leading experts, the IPCC volumes will again prove to be invaluable for researchers, students, and policymakers, and will form the standard reference works for policy decisions for government and industry worldwide.

Risk Analysis Based on Data and Crisis Response Beyond Knowledge

Risk Analysis Based on Data and Crisis Response Beyond Knowledge Book
Author : Chongfu Huang,Zoe S. Nivolianitou
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-11
ISBN : 1000727998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects the papers presented at the 7th International Conference on Risk Analysis and Crisis Response (RACR-2019) held in Athens, Greece, on October 15-19, 2019. The overall theme of the seventh international conference on risk analysis and crisis response is Risk Analysis Based on Data and Crisis Response Beyond Knowledge, highlighting science and technology to improve risk analysis capabilities and to optimize crisis response strategy. This book contains primarily research articles of risk issues. Underlying topics include natural hazards and major (chemical) accidents prevention, disaster risk reduction and society resilience, information and communication technologies safety and cybersecurity, modern trends in crisis management, energy and resources security, critical infrastructure, nanotechnology safety and others. All topics include aspects of multidisciplinarity and complexity of safety in education and research. The book should be valuable to professors, engineers, officials, businessmen and graduate students in risk analysis and risk management.