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Extreme Hydrology And Climate Variability

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Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability Book
Author : Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew,Gabriel Senay
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 0128159995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Hydrologic Science
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-12-17
ISBN : 0309217687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate theory dictates that core elements of the climate system, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, and reservoirs of atmospheric and soil moisture, should change as the climate warms, both in their means and extremes. A major challenge that faces the climate and hydrologic science communities is understanding the nature of these ongoing changes in climate and hydrology and the apparent anomalies that exist in reconciling their extreme manifestations. The National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Hydrologic Science (COHS) held a workshop on January 5-6, 2010, that examined how climate warming translates into hydrologic extremes like floods and droughts. The workshop brought together three groups of experts. The first two groups consisted of atmospheric scientists and hydrologists focused on the scientific underpinnings and empirical evidence linking climate variability to hydrologic extremes. The third group consisted of water managers and decision-makers charged with the design and operation of water systems that in the future must be made resilient in light of a changing climate and an environment of hydrologic extremes. Global Change and Extreme Hydrology summarizes the proceedings of this workshop. This report presents an overview of the current state of the science in terms of climate change and extreme hydrologic events. It examines the "conventional wisdom" that climate change will "accelerate" the hydrologic cycle, fuel more evaporation, and generate more precipitation, based on an increased capacity of a warmer atmosphere to hold more water vapor. The report also includes descriptions of the changes in frequency and severity of extremes, the ability (or inability) to model these changes, and the problem of communicating the best science to water resources practitioners in useful forums.

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology

Global Change and Extreme Hydrology Book
Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Hydrologic Science,National Research Council
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9786613376350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate theory dictates that core elements of the climate system, including precipitation, evapotranspiration, and reservoirs of atmospheric and soil moisture, should change as the climate warms, both in their means and extremes. A major challenge that faces the climate and hydrologic science communities is understanding the nature of these ongoing changes in climate and hydrology and the apparent anomalies that exist in reconciling their extreme manifestations. The National Research Council (NRe Committee on Hydrologic Science (COHS) held a workshop on January 5-6, 2010, that examined how climate warming translates into hydrologic extremes like floods and droughts. The workshop brought together three groups of experts. The first two groups consisted of atmospheric scientists and hydrologists focused on the scientific underpinnings and empirical evidence linking climate variability to hydrologic extremes. The third group consisted of water managers and decision-makers charged with the design and operation of water systems that in the future must be made resilient in light of a changing climate and an environment of hydrologic extremes. Global Change and Extreme Hydrology summarizes the proceedings of this workshop. This report presents an overview of the current state of the science in terms of climate change and extreme hydrologic events. It examines the "conventional wisdom" that climate change will "accelerate" the hydrologic cycle, fuel more evaporation, and generate more precipitation, based on an increased capacity of a warmer atmosphere to hold more water vapor. The report also includes descriptions of the changes in frequency and severity of extremes, the ability (or inability) to model these changes, and the problem of communicating the best science to water resources practitioners in useful forums.

Climate Variability and Change hydrological Impacts

Climate Variability and Change  hydrological Impacts Book
Author : Arthur Askew,Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data (Project)
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781901502787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Climate Variability and Change hydrological Impacts book written by Arthur Askew,Flow Regimes from International Experimental and Network Data (Project), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change Impact assessment and decision making

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change  Impact assessment and decision making Book
Author : Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781901502084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First considers the assessment of the hydrological impacts of future climate and then addresses decision making for mitigation/adaptation strategies, given the uncertainties associated with predictions by water resources and hydrological extremes models.

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes Book
Author : M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,Rushabh Hemani,Nitin Bassi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-20
ISBN : 3030594599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a theoretical basis for the argument that available research that analyzes the impacts of climate on hydrology, water resources, and water systems, without factoring in the effect of climate variability, are inadequate and often misleading. Also, the book empirically shows that the impacts of climate variability on hydrology and water resources, and irrigation, water supply & sanitation systems are far more pronounced than the likely impacts of future change in climate. The book discusses technological, institutional and policy alternatives for reducing these impacts on various competitive use sectors, especially, irrigation, and water supply and sanitation through case studies of river basins in different hydrological setting. To set the context, the volume first presents the long term trends in precipitation and temperature in different regions of India, and compares them against inter-annual, inter-seasonal and intra-day variations in climatic parameters, to show how their differential impacts on water resources.

Changes in hydrological extremes and climate variability in the Severn Uplands

Changes in hydrological extremes and climate variability in the Severn Uplands Book
Author : Eloise M. Biggs
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Changes in hydrological extremes and climate variability in the Severn Uplands book written by Eloise M. Biggs, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Risk Assessment and Evaluation of Probability of Extreme Hydrological Events

Risk Assessment and Evaluation of Probability of Extreme Hydrological Events Book
Author : M. A. Matin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Risk Assessment and Evaluation of Probability of Extreme Hydrological Events book written by M. A. Matin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change Hydroclimatic variability

Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climatic Change  Hydroclimatic variability Book
Author : Thorsten Wagener,Stewart W. Franks
Publisher : International Assn of Hydrological Sciences
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9781901502138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brings together and provides an overview of diverse investigations from different climate zones and regions, many of the contributions focusing on historic variability as a function of climate and/or land-use change.

Climate Variability and Climate Change Impacts on Land Surface Hydrological Processes and Water Management

Climate Variability and Climate Change Impacts on Land Surface  Hydrological Processes and Water Management Book
Author : Paolo Reggiani,Yongqiang Zhang,Hongxia Li
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-09-18
ISBN : 3039215078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last several decades, Earth´s climate has undergone significant changes due to anthropogenic global warming, and feedbacks to the water cycle. Therefore, persistent efforts are required to improve our understanding of hydrological processes and to engage in efficient water management strategies that explicitly consider changing environmental conditions. The twenty-four contributions in this book have broadly addressed topics across four major research areas: (1) Climate and land-use change impacts on hydrological processes, (2) hydrological trends and causality analysis faced in hydrology, (3) hydrological model simulations and predictions, and (4) reviews on water prices and climate extremes. The broad spectrum of international contributions to the Special Issue indicates that climate change impacts on water resources analysis attracts global attention. We hope that the collection of articles presented here can provide scientists, policymakers and stakeholders alike with insights that support sustainable decision-making in the face of climate change and increasingly scarce environmental resources.

Arctic Hydrology Permafrost and Ecosystems

Arctic Hydrology  Permafrost and Ecosystems Book
Author : Daqing Yang,Douglas L. Kane
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-28
ISBN : 3030509303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date assessment of the key terrestrial components of the Arctic system, i.e., its hydrology, permafrost, and ecology, drawing on the latest research results from across the circumpolar regions. The Arctic is an integrated system, the elements of which are closely linked by the atmosphere, ocean, and land. Using an integrated system approach, the book’s 30 chapters, written by a diverse team of leading scholars, carefully examine Arctic climate variability/change, large river hydrology, lakes and wetlands, snow cover and ice processes, permafrost characteristics, vegetation/landscape changes, and the future trajectory of Arctic system evolution. The discussions cover the fundamental features of and processes in the Arctic system, with a special focus on critical knowledge gaps, i.e., the interactions and feedbacks between water, permafrost, and ecosystem, such as snow pack and permafrost changes and their impacts on basin hydrology and ecology, river flow, geochemistry, and energy fluxes to the Arctic Ocean, and the structure and function of the Arctic ecosystem in response to past/future changes in climate, hydrology, and permafrost conditions. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers, graduate students, environmentalists, managers, and administrators who are concerned with the northern environment and resources.

Water

Water Book
Author : Peter H. Gleick
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Water book written by Peter H. Gleick, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Floods in a Changing Climate

Floods in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Ramesh S. V. Teegavarapu
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-11-22
ISBN : 1139851659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measurement, analysis and modeling of extreme precipitation events linked to floods is vital in understanding changing climate impacts and variability. This book provides methods for assessment of the trends in these events and their impacts. It also provides a basis to develop procedures and guidelines for climate-adaptive hydrologic engineering. Academic researchers in the fields of hydrology, climate change, meteorology, environmental policy and risk assessment, and professionals and policy-makers working in hazard mitigation, water resources engineering and climate adaptation will find this an invaluable resource. This volume is the first in a collection of four books on flood disaster management theory and practice within the context of anthropogenic climate change. The others are: Floods in a Changing Climate: Hydrological Modeling by P. P. Mujumdar and D. Nagesh Kumar, Floods in a Changing Climate: Inundation Modeling by Giuliano Di Baldassarre and Floods in a Changing Climate: Risk Management by Slodoban Simonović.

Forest Hydrology and Watershed

Forest Hydrology and Watershed Book
Author : Fan-Rui Meng,Altaf Arain,Qiang Li,Michael Pisaric
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-08-20
ISBN : 3039213857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrological processes in forested watersheds are influenced by environmental, physiological, and biometric factors such as precipitation, radiation, temperature, species type, leaf area, and extent and structure of forest ecosystems. Over the past two centuries, forest coverage and forest structures have been impacted globally by anthropogenic activities, for example, forest harvesting, and conversion of forested landscapes for plantations and urbanization. In addition, since the industrial revolution, climate change has resulted in profound impacts on forest ecosystems due to higher carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration or CO2 fertilization, warmer temperatures, changes in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events and natural disturbances. As a result, hydrological processes in forested watersheds have been altered by these natural and anthropogenic factors and these changes are expected to accelerate due to future changing climatic conditions. Hence, understanding how various environmental, physiological, and physical drivers interactively influence hydrological and biogeochemical processes in forest ecosystems is critical for sustainable water supply in forested watersheds. About 21% of the global population depends on water sources that originate in forested catchments where forest coverage larger than 30%. Furthermore, there are knowledge gaps in our understanding of the mechanism of hydrological and hydrochemical cycles in forested watersheds. This Special Issue addresses these gaps in our knowledge and includes twelve papers in the following three major research themes in forest watershed areas.

Trends and Changes in Hydroclimatic Variables

Trends and Changes in Hydroclimatic Variables Book
Author : Ramesh Teegavarapu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 0128109866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trends and Changes in Hydroclimatic Variables: Links to Climate Variability and Change discusses the change detection and trend analysis methods used to assess hydroclimatic variables in a changing climate. Changes and trends in hydroclimatic variables are assessed using state-of-the-art methods, such as non-linear trend estimation (including spline smoothing and local regression) and handling persistence (or serial auto-correlation in data) for assessing trends in different hydroclimatic variables (e.g. pre-whitening methods). This book offers a variety of real-life case studies and problem-solving techniques for a field that is rapidly evolving. Users will find methods to evaluate points where time series characteristics change and non-homogeneity in time series. In addition, it covers the subject of climate variability and change in an immense level of detail, including changes on precipitation, streamflow and sea levels. Examines statistical methods for trend analysis, providing an excellent reference book for scholars, scientists, students and professionals Offers an exhaustive treatment of several hydroclimatic variables in one book, providing readers with a comprehensive understanding of changes in hydroclimatic variables over time and space Presents case studies dealing with changes in hydroclimatic variables in different geographical regions of the world Focuses on climate variability and change, including an extensive assessment of trends and their associated links to climate variability and change

Climate Variability and Change in the 21th Century

Climate Variability and Change in the 21th Century Book
Author : Stefanos Stefanidis,Konstantia (Dia) Tolika
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-19
ISBN : 3036501088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

- Water resources management should be assessed under climate change conditions, as historic data cannot replicate future climatic conditions. - Climate change impacts on water resources are bound to affect all water uses, i.e., irrigated agriculture, domestic and industrial water supply, hydropower generation, and environmental flow (of streams and rivers) and water level (of lakes). - Bottom-up approaches, i.e., the forcing of hydrologic simulation models with climate change models’ outputs, are the most common engineering practices and considered as climate-resilient water management approaches. - Hydrologic simulations forced by climate change scenarios derived from regional climate models (RCMs) can provide accurate assessments of the future water regime at basin scales. - Irrigated agriculture requires special attention as it is the principal water consumer and alterations of both precipitation and temperature patterns will directly affect agriculture yields and incomes. - Integrated water resources management (IWRM) requires multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches, with climate change to be an emerging cornerstone in the IWRM concept.

Climate Changes the Water Rules

Climate Changes the Water Rules Book
Author : Pavel Kabat,Henk van Schaik
Publisher : WaterandClimate
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9032703218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Climate Changes the Water Rules book written by Pavel Kabat,Henk van Schaik, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Variability and Climate Change Impacts on Land Surface Hydrological Processes and Water Management

Climate Variability and Climate Change Impacts on Land Surface  Hydrological Processes and Water Management Book
Author : Yongqiang Zhang,Hongxia Li,Paolo Reggiani
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9783039215089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last several decades, Earth ́s climate has undergone significant changes due to anthropogenic global warming, and feedbacks to the water cycle. Therefore, persistent efforts are required to improve our understanding of hydrological processes and to engage in efficient water management strategies that explicitly consider changing environmental conditions. The twenty-four contributions in this book have broadly addressed topics across four major research areas: (1) Climate and land-use change impacts on hydrological processes, (2) hydrological trends and causality analysis faced in hydrology, (3) hydrological model simulations and predictions, and (4) reviews on water prices and climate extremes. The broad spectrum of international contributions to the Special Issue indicates that climate change impacts on water resources analysis attracts global attention. We hope that the collection of articles presented here can provide scientists, policymakers and stakeholders alike with insights that support sustainable decision-making in the face of climate change and increasingly scarce environmental resources.

Extreme Hydrological Events

Extreme Hydrological Events Book
Author : Zbigniew Kundzewicz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Extreme Hydrological Events book written by Zbigniew Kundzewicz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Assessment of the Effects of Climate Variability and Land Use Changes on the Hydrology of the Meuse River Basin

Assessment of the Effects of Climate Variability and Land Use Changes on the Hydrology of the Meuse River Basin Book
Author : Tu Min
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-06-30
ISBN : 9781138434011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anthropogenic climate change may lead to intensification of the global hydrological cysle and to increased flooding risk of rivers across Europe. A series of extreme floods in European rivers in the last decades have stimulated discussions about the possible effects of climate variability/change and human interventions in river basins. A synoptic-climatological analysis was carried out to elucidate the observed precipitation change in the Meuse basin, in northwestern Europe. The findings of this research will be valuable to those developing improved flood protection strategies, as well as those engaged in water resource management in river basins similar to the Meuse.