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Extractive Metallurgy Of Titanium

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Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium

Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium Book
Author : Zhigang Zak Fang,Francis Froes,Ying Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-08
ISBN : 0128172010
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extractive Metallurgy of Titanium: Conventional and Recent Advances in Extraction and Production of Titanium Metal contains information on current and developing processes for the production of titanium. The methods for producing Ti metal are grouped into two categories, including the reduction of TiCl4 and the reduction of TiO2, with their processes classified as either electrochemical or thermochemical. Descriptions of each method or process include both the fundamental principles of the method and the engineering challenges in their practice. In addition, a review of the chemical and physical characteristics of the product produced by each method is included. Sections cover the purity of titanium metal produced based on ASTM and other industry standards, energy consumption, cost and the potential environmental impacts of the processes. Provides information on new and developing low cost, high integrity methods for titanium metal production Discusses new markets for titanium due to the decreased cost of newly developed processes Covers specific information on new methods, including the chemical and physical characteristics produced

Titanium Physical Metallurgy Processing and Applications

Titanium  Physical Metallurgy  Processing  and Applications Book
Author : F.H. Froes
Publisher : ASM International
Release : 2015-02-01
ISBN : 1627080805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book covers all aspects of the history, physical metallurgy, corrosion behavior, cost factors and current and potential uses of titanium. The history of titanium is traced from its early beginnings through the work of Kroll, to the present day broadening market place. Extensive detail on extraction processes is discussed, as well as the various beta to alpha transformations and details of the powder metallurgy techniques.

Titanium Powder Metallurgy

Titanium Powder Metallurgy Book
Author : Ma Qian,Francis H. Froes
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2015-02-10
ISBN : 0128009101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Titanium Powder Metallurgy contains the most comprehensive and authoritative information for, and understanding of, all key issues of titanium powder metallurgy (Ti PM). It summarizes the past, reviews the present and discusses the future of the science and technology of Ti PM while providing the world titanium community with a unique and comprehensive book covering all important aspects of titanium powder metallurgy, including powder production, powder processing, green shape formation, consolidation, property evaluation, current industrial applications and future developments. It documents the fundamental understanding and technological developments achieved since 1937 and demonstrates why powder metallurgy now offers a cost-effective approach to the near net or net shape fabrication of titanium, titanium alloys and titanium metal matrix composites for a wide variety of industrial applications. Provides a comprehensive and in-depth treatment of the science, technology and industrial practice of titanium powder metallurgy Each chapter is delivered by the most knowledgeable expert on the topic, half from industry and half from academia, including several pioneers in the field, representing our current knowledge base of Ti PM. Includes a critical review of the current key fundamental and technical issues of Ti PM. Fills a critical knowledge gap in powder metal science and engineering and in the manufacture of titanium metal and alloys

Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths

Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths Book
Author : Nagaiyar Krishnamurthy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-12-20
ISBN : 0203413024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths compiles information from scattered sources that is often available only to specialists. It provides a complete and usable survey of the rare earth resources, extraction, and production of numerous end products that translates to both laboratory and industrial settings. This book is a source of industry expertis

Principles of Extractive Metallurgy

Principles of Extractive Metallurgy Book
Author : Terkel Rosenqvist
Publisher : Tapir Academic Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9788251919227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rather than simply describing the processes and reactions involved in metal extraction, this book concentrates on fundamental principles to give readers an understanding of the possibilities for future developments in this field. It includes a review of the basics of thermodynamics, kinetics and engineering principles that have special importance for extractive metallurgy, to ensure that readers have the background necessary for maximum achievement. The various metallurgical unit processes (such as roasting, reduction, smelting and electrolysis) are illustrated by existing techniques for the extraction of the most common metals. Each chapter includes a bibliography of recommended reading, to aid in further study. The appendices include tables and graphs of thermodynamic qualities for most substances of metallurgical importance; these are ideal for calculating heat (enthalpy) balances and chemical equilibrium constants. SI Units are used consistently throughout the text.

SME Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Handbook

SME Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Handbook Book
Author : Courtney A. Young
Publisher : Society for Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration
Release : 2019-02-01
ISBN : 0873353854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This landmark publication distills the body of knowledge that characterizes mineral processing and extractive metallurgy as disciplinary fields. It will inspire and inform current and future generations of minerals and metallurgy professionals. Mineral processing and extractive metallurgy are atypical disciplines, requiring a combination of knowledge, experience, and art. Investing in this trove of valuable information is a must for all those involved in the industry—students, engineers, mill managers, and operators. More than 192 internationally recognized experts have contributed to the handbook’s 128 thought-provoking chapters that examine nearly every aspect of mineral processing and extractive metallurgy. This inclusive reference addresses the magnitude of traditional industry topics and also addresses the new technologies and important cultural and social issues that are important today. Contents Mineral Characterization and AnalysisManagement and ReportingComminutionClassification and WashingTransport and StoragePhysical SeparationsFlotationSolid and Liquid SeparationDisposalHydrometallurgyPyrometallurgyProcessing of Selected Metals, Minerals, and Materials

Powder Metallurgy of Titanium

Powder Metallurgy of Titanium Book
Author : Ma Qian
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-08-24
ISBN : 3038138843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The conference upon which this work is based fully achieved its objectives and turned out to be the largest international gathering dedicated solely to the topic of titanium processing via powder metallurgy. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 50 peer-reviewed papers are grouped into 8 chapters: PM titanium alloy design and processing developments; Powder Production; Effect of Impurities; Metal Injection Moulding of Titanium; Biomedical Titanium Alloys; Titanium Composites; Forging and Equal-Channel Angular Pressing of Titanium; Laser Cladding, Welding, Slip Casting and Other Processing Developments.

Review of Extraction Processing Properties and Applications of Reactive Metals

Review of Extraction  Processing  Properties  and Applications of Reactive Metals Book
Author : Brajendra Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-21
ISBN : 1118788001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This proceedings volume from the 1999 TMS Annual Meeting is intended to serve as a compendium on reactive metals. Specifically, this book concentrates on zirconium, hafnium, molybdenum, niobium, beryllium, and titanium. Covering different aspects of extraction and recovery, metal refining, processing, and current and potential applications of these metals, this volume serves as a valuable reference source on reactive metals.

Extractive Metallurgy 3

Extractive Metallurgy 3 Book
Author : Alain Vignes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-01
ISBN : 1118617029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extractive metallurgy is the art and science of extracting metals from their ores and refining them. The production of metals and alloys from these source materials is still one of the most important and fundamental industries in both developed and developing economies around the world. The outputs and products are essential resources for the metallic, mechanical, electromagnetic, electrical and electronics industries (silicon is treated as a metal for these purposes). This series is devoted to the extraction of metals from ores, concentrates (enriched ores), scraps, and other sources and their refining to the state of either liquid metal before casting or to solid metals. The extraction and refining operations that are required may be carried out by various metallurgical reaction processes. Extractive Metallurgy 1 deals with the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics of the reaction processes. Extractive Metallurgy 2 focuses on pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, halide and electro-metallurgical (conversion) processes. Extractive Metallurgy 3 deals with the industrial processing operations, technologies, and process routes, in other words the sequence of steps or operations used to convert the ore to metal. Processes and operations are studied using the methodology of “chemical reaction engineering”. As the fundamentals of the art and science of Extractive Metallurgy are infrequently taught as dedicated university or engineering schools courses, this series is intended both for students in the fields of Metallurgy and Mechanical Engineering who want to acquire this knowledge, and also for engineers put in charge of the operation of an industrial production unit or the development of a new process, who will need the basic knowledge of the corresponding technology.

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper Book
Author : Mark E. Schlesinger,Kathryn C. Sole,William G. Davenport,Gerardo R.F. Alvear
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-01
ISBN : 0128219033
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper, Sixth Edition, expands on previous editions, including sections on orogenesis and copper mineralogy and new processes for efficiently recovering copper from ever-declining Cu-grade mineral deposits. The book evaluates processes for maintaining concentrate Cu grades from lower grade ores. Sections cover the recovery of critical byproducts (e.g., cesium), worker health and safety, automation as a safety tool, and the geopolitical forces that have moved copper metal production to Asia (especially China) and new smelting and refining processes. Indigenous Asian smelting processes are evaluated, along with energy and water requirements, environmental performance, copper electrorefining processes, and sulfur dioxide capture processes (e.g., WSA). The book puts special emphasis on the benefits of recycling copper scrap in terms of energy and water requirements. Comparisons of ore-to-product and scrap-to-product carbon emissions are also made to illustrate the concepts included. Describes copper mineralogy, mining and beneficiation techniques Compares a variety of mining, smelting and converting technologies Provides a complete description of hydrometallurgical and electrometallurgical processes, including process options and recent improvements Includes comprehensive descriptions of secondary copper processing, including scrap collection and upgrading, melting and refining technologies

Principles of Extractive Metallurgy

Principles of Extractive Metallurgy Book
Author : Ahindra Ghosh,Hem Shanker Ray
Publisher : New Age International
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9788122403220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Book Attempts To Present A Comprehensive View Of Extractive Metallurgy, Especially Principles Of Extractive Metallurgy In A Concise Form. This Is The First Book In This Area Which Attempts To Do It. It Has Been Written In Textbook Style. It Presents The Various Concepts Step By Step, Shows Their Importance, Deals With Elementary Quantitative Formulations, And Illustrates Through Quantitative And Qualitative Informations. The Approach Is Such That Even Undergraduate Students Would Be Able To Follow The Topics Without Much Difficulty And Without Much Of A Background In Specialized Subjects. This Is Considered To Be A Very Useful Approach In This Area Of Technology. Moreover The Inter-Disciplinary Nature Of The Subject Has Been Duely Brought Out.While Teaching Concerned Course(S) In The Undergraduate And Postgraduate Level The Authors Felt The Need Of Such A Book. The Authors Found The Books Available On The Subject Did Not Fulfill The Requirements. No Other Book Was Concerned With All Relevant Concepts. Most Of Them Laid Emphasis Either On Thermodynamic Aspects Or On Discussing Unit Processes. Transport Phenomena Are Dealt With In Entirely Different Books. Reactor Concepts Were Again Lying In Chemical Engineering Texts. The Authors Tried To Harmonize And Synthesize The Concepts In Elementary Terms For Metallurgists.The Present Book Contains A Brief Descriptive Summary Of Some Important Metallurgical Unit Processes. Subsequently It Discusses Not Only Physical Chemistry Of Metallurgical Reactions And Processes But Also Rate Phenomena Including Heat And Mass Transfer, Fluid Flow, Mass And Energy Balance, And Elements Of Reactor Engineering. A Variety Of Scientific And Engineering Aspects Of Unit Processes Have Been Discussed With Stress On The Basic Principles All Throughout. There Is An Attempt To Introduce, As Much As Possible, Quantitative Treatments And Engineering Estimates. The Latter May Often Be Approximate From The Point Of View Of Theory But Yields Results That Are Very Valuable To Both Practicing Metallurgists As Well As Others.

Extractive Metallurgy of Euxenite

Extractive Metallurgy of Euxenite Book
Author : Sherman L. May
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1959
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Extractive Metallurgy of Euxenite book written by Sherman L. May, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Titanium

Titanium Book
Author : Gerd Lütjering,James Case Williams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9783540429906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive summary of the current state of the art of titanium addresses, in varying levels of detail, all aspects of titanium, including: basic characteristics and physical metallurgy, the extractive metallurgy, the various production processes, the correlations between processing, microstructure and properties, and all aspects of applications including economic ones. The book covers commercial pure (CP) titanium, alpha + beta and beta alloys, as well as titanium based intermetallics and titanium matrix composites. Richly illustrated with more than 300 figures, this compendium takes a conceptual approach to the physical metallurgy and applications of titanium, making it suitable as a reference and tutorial for materials scientists and engineers.

Extractive Metallurgy of Niobium

Extractive Metallurgy of Niobium Book
Author : A.K. Suri
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-13
ISBN : 1351448978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growth and development witnessed today in modern science, engineering, and technology owes a heavy debt to the rare, refractory, and reactive metals group, of which niobium is a member. Extractive Metallurgy of Niobium presents a vivid account of the metal through its comprehensive discussions of properties and applications, resources and resource processing, chemical processing and compound preparation, metal extraction, and refining and consolidation. Typical flow sheets adopted in some leading niobium-producing countries for the beneficiation of various niobium sources are presented, and various chemical processes for producing pure forms of niobium intermediates such as chloride, fluoride, and oxide are discussed. The book also explains how to liberate the metal from its intermediates and describes the physico-chemical principles involved. It is an excellent reference for chemical metallurgists, hydrometallurgists, extraction and process metallurgists, and minerals processors. It is also valuable to a wide variety of scientists, engineers, technologists, and students interested in the topic.

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel  Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals Book
Author : Frank Crundwell,Michael Moats,Venkoba Ramachandran,Timothy Robinson,W. G. Davenport
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-18
ISBN : 0080968104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes and explains the methods by which three related ores and recyclables are made into high purity metals and chemicals, for materials processing. It focuses on present day processes and future developments rather than historical processes. Nickel, cobalt and platinum group metals are key elements for materials processing. They occur together in one book because they (i) map together on the periodic table (ii) occur together in many ores and (iii) are natural partners for further materials processing and materials manufacturing. They all are, for example, important catalysts – with platinum group metals being especially important for reducing car and truck emissions. Stainless steels and CoNiFe airplane engine super alloys are examples of practical usage. The product emphasises a sequential, building-block approach to the subject gained through the author’s previous writings (particularly Extractive Metallurgy of Copper in four editions) and extensive experience. Due to the multiple metals involved and because each metal originates in several types of ore – e.g. tropical ores and arctic ores this necessitates a multi-contributor work drawing from multiple networks and both engineering and science. Synthesizes detailed review of the fundamental chemistry and physics of extractive metallurgy with practical lessons from industrial consultancies at the leading international plants Discusses Nickel, Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals for the first time in one book Reviews extraction of multiple metals from the same tropical or arctic ore Industrial, international and multidisciplinary focus on current standards of production supports best practice use of industrial resources

8th International Symposium on High Temperature Metallurgical Processing

8th International Symposium on High Temperature Metallurgical Processing Book
Author : Jiann-Yang Hwang,Tao Jiang,Mark William Kennedy,Onuralp Yücel,P. Chris Pistorius,Varadarajan Seshadri,Baojun Zhao,Dean Gregurek,Ender Keskinkilic
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-02-08
ISBN : 3319513400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection features contributions covering the advances and developments of new high-temperature metallurgical technologies and their applications to the areas of: processing of minerals; extraction of metals; preparation of metallic, refractory, and ceramic materials; treatment and recycling of slag and wastes; conservation of energy; and environmental protection. The volume will have a broad impact on the academics and professionals serving the metallurgical industries around the world by providing them with comprehensive coverage of a wide variety of topics.

Extractive Metallurgy of Cobalt

Extractive Metallurgy of Cobalt Book
Author : Roger Rumbu
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2018-03-20
ISBN : 1387680897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compendium, a mine of information, experiences and relevant industry practices, a must have, a book to learn about one of the most influential strategic metal impacting the global economic scene. Roger RUMBU, Met. Eng. - University of Lubumbashi, PPM Certificate - University of Pretoria

Extractive Metallurgy 2

Extractive Metallurgy 2 Book
Author : Alain Vignes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-03-01
ISBN : 1118616979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Extractive Metallurgy series is devoted to the extraction of metals from ores and other sources, their refining to the state of either liquid or solid metal, and the various processes needed to carry out these operations. Using the methodology of chemical reaction engineering, this second volume in the series examines on the metallurgical reaction processes used in the extraction and refining operations, covering pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, halide, and electro-metallurgical processes. It provides valuable information on the technologies and processes engineers encounter in industrial production.