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Exposure To Engineered Nanomaterials In The Environment

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Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment Book
Author : Baoshan Xing,Chad D. Vecitis,Nicola Senesi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-10
ISBN : 1119275822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the source, release, exposure, adsorption, aggregation, bioavailability, transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles found in many common products and applications Covers synthesis, environmental application, detection, and characterization of engineered nanoparticles Details the toxicity and risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles Includes topics on the transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles Presents the latest developments and knowledge of engineered nanoparticles Written by world leading experts from prestigious universities and companies

Nanomaterials in the Environment

Nanomaterials in the Environment Book
Author : Satinder Kaur Brar
Publisher : ASCE Press
Release : 2015-10-01
ISBN : 9780784414088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text presents the most current knowledge on the environmental impact of materials and products developed using nanotechnology. Although nanomaterials are revolutionising electronics, medicine, transportation and many other industries, they pose risks to living beings and ecosystems that are barely understood. Leading researchers here consider the science of nanomaterials, their behaviour in the environment, risk assessment and toxicology, and the future of nanomaterials.

Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials

Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials Book
Author : James Njuguna,Krzysztof Pielichowski,Huijun Zhu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-07-24
ISBN : 0128205105
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Health and Environmental Safety of Nanomaterials: Polymer Nanocomposites and Other Materials Containing Nanoparticles was published in 2014, but since that time, new developments in the field of nanomaterials safety have emerged, both at release and exposure, along with the expanding applications of the nanomaterials side. Numerous studies have been dedicated to the issue of biophysical interactions of nanoparticles with the human body at the organ, cellular, and molecular levels. In this second edition, all the chapters have been brought fully up to date. There are also four brand new chapters on the biophysical interaction of nanoparticles with the human body; advanced modeling approaches to help elucidate the nanorisks; safety measures at work with nanoparticles; and the health and environmental risks of graphene. It provides key knowledge and information needs for all those who are working in the research and development sector and need to learn more about the safety of nanomaterials. • Focuses on the health and safety of polymer nanocomposites and other materials containing nanoparticles, as well as their medical and environmental implications • Discusses the fundamental nature of various biophysical interactions of nanoparticles with the human body • Looks at the physico-chemistry of nanoparticles and their uptake, translocation, transformation, transport, and biodistribution in mammalian and plant systems • Presents the structure–activity relationships and modeling of the interactions of nanoparticles with biological molecules, biochemical pathways, analysis of biomolecular signatures, and the development of biomarkers.

A Research Strategy for Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

A Research Strategy for Environmental  Health  and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-06-09
ISBN : 0309253284
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The nanotechnology sector, which generated about $225 billion in product sales in 2009, is predicted to expand rapidly over the next decade with the development of new technologies that have new capabilities. The increasing production and use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) may lead to greater exposures of workers, consumers, and the environment, and the unique scale-specific and novel properties of the materials raise questions about their potential effects on human health and the environment. Over the last decade, government agencies, academic institutions, industry, and others have conducted many assessments of the environmental, health, and safety (EHS) aspects of nanotechnology. The results of those efforts have helped to direct research on the EHS aspects of ENMs. However, despite the progress in assessing research needs and despite the research that has been funded and conducted, developers, regulators, and consumers of nanotechnology-enabled products remain uncertain about the types and quantities of nanomaterials in commerce or in development, their possible applications, and their associated risks. A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials presents a strategic approach for developing the science and research infrastructure needed to address uncertainties regarding the potential EHS risks of ENMs. The report summarizes the current state of the science and high-priority data gaps on the potential EHS risks posed by ENMs and describes the fundamental tools and approaches needed to pursue an EHS risk research strategy. The report also presents a proposed research agenda, short-term and long-term research priorities, and estimates of needed resources and concludes by focusing on implementation of the research strategy and evaluation of its progress, elements that the committee considered integral to its charge.

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment Book
Author : Nelson Marmiroli,Jason C. White,Jing Song
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 0128148365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment provide a new, holistic framework for testing and evaluating the potential benefits and risks of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), including their potential socioeconomic impacts, ethical issues and consumers’ expectations and fears. The book covers nanomaterial presence in various environments, agroecosystems and other areas within the human sphere of actions. The book includes sections on (i) Chemical, physical and biological properties, (ii) Presence and diffusion of ENMs in human environments, agriculture, food and drug products, (iii) ENMs as a pillar in biological and medical research, and (iv) Social and regulatory issues emerging from years of application. The book is designed to increase awareness to key end-users and stakeholders, including food producers and processors, industry, representatives of society and consumers, and those looking to implement an accurate and effective risk analysis procedure that promotes the sustainable use of nanotechnology. Assesses both the positive and negative impacts of engineered nanomaterials in the environment Shows how engineered nanomaterials are used in agricultural environments, food products, drugs and cosmetics Discusses the unique properties of a range of engineered nanomaterials that lead to their environmental effects

Exposure Assessment and Safety Considerations for Working with Engineered Nanoparticles

Exposure Assessment and Safety Considerations for Working with Engineered Nanoparticles Book
Author : Michael J. Ellenbecker,Candace Su-Jung Tsai
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-07-07
ISBN : 0470467061
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While invaluable for their uses in medicine as a drug delivery system or as an imaging agent in cancer detection, nanoparticles do present possible medical and environmental dangers. Due to the thousands of commercial and medical applications for engineered nanoparticles currently available or under development, guidelines for evaluating and controlling exposure to engineered nanoparticles are essential. Designed for EHS professionals working with nanoparticles, this important reference outlines the acceptable levels of exposure to nanoparticles and describes methods for evaluating and controlling worker exposure to engineered nanoparticles. With case studies on various nanoparticle exposures, the book sheds light on the toxicity of such nanoparticles as carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, TiO2, and metal nanoparticles as well as routes of exposure, such as skin and the respiratory system.

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment Book
Author : Baoshan Xing,Chad D. Vecitis,Nicola Senesi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-21
ISBN : 1119275849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the source, release, exposure, adsorption, aggregation, bioavailability, transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles found in many common products and applications Covers synthesis, environmental application, detection, and characterization of engineered nanoparticles Details the toxicity and risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles Includes topics on the transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles Presents the latest developments and knowledge of engineered nanoparticles Written by world leading experts from prestigious universities and companies

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2005-03-18
ISBN : 9780309181907
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is often described as an emerging technology - one that not only holds promise for society, but also is capable of revolutionizing our approaches to common problems. Nanotechnology is not a completely new field; however, it is only recently that discoveries in this field have advanced so far as to warrant examination of their impact upon the world around us. Nanotechnology has direct beneficial applications for medicine and the environment, but like all technologies it may have unintended effects that can adversely impact the environment, both within the human body and within the natural ecosystem. How does the science move forward in a way that best protects the public and gets health and safety right the first time? Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research identifies the areas in which additional research is needed and the processes by which changes can occur.

Environmental and Human Health Impacts of Nanotechnology

Environmental and Human Health Impacts of Nanotechnology Book
Author : Jamie R. Lead,Emma Smith
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-07-30
ISBN : 9781444307498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An increased understanding of the environmental and human healthimpacts of engineered nanoparticles is essential for theresponsible development of nanotechnology and appropriateevidence-based policy and guidelines for risk assessment.Presenting the latest advances in the field from a variety ofscientific disciplines, this book offers a comprehensive overviewof this challenging, inter-disciplinary research area. Topics covered include: The properties, preparation and applications ofnanomaterials Characterization and analysis of manufacturednanoparticles The fate and behaviour of nanomaterials in aquatic, terrestrialand atmospheric environments Ecotoxicology and human toxicology of manufacturednanoparticles Occupational health and exposure of nanomaterials Risk assessment and global regulatory and policy responses Understanding the behaviour and impacts of nanotechnology in theenvironment and in human health is a daunting task and manyquestions remain to be answered. Environmental and Human HealthImpacts of Nanotechnology will serve as a valuable resource foracademic researchers in nanoscience and nanotechnology,environmental science, materials science and biology, as well asfor scientists in industry, regulators and policy makers.

Research Progress on Environmental Health and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials

Research Progress on Environmental  Health  and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials Book
Author : Committee to Develop a Research Strategy for Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-12-09
ISBN : 0309291879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the increase in funding for research and the rising numbers of peer-reviewed publications over the past decade that address the environmental, health, and safety aspects of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), uncertainty about the implications of potential exposures of consumers, workers, and ecosystems to these materials persists. Consumers and workers want to know which of these materials they are exposed to and whether the materials can harm them. Industry is concerned about being able to predict with sufficient certainty whether products that it makes and markets will pose any environmental, health or safety issues and what measures should be taken regarding manufacturing practices and worldwide distribution to minimize any potential risk. However, there remains a disconnect between the research that is being carried out and its relevance to and use by decision-makers and regulators to make informed public health and environmental policy and regulatory decisions. Research Progress on Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Nanomaterials evaluates research progress and updates research priorities and resource estimates on the basis of results of studies and emerging trends in the nanotechnology industry. This report follows up the 2012 report A Research Strategy for Environmental, Health, and Safety Aspects of Engineered Nanomaterials, which presented a strategic approach for developing the science and research infrastructure needed to address uncertainties regarding the potential environmental, health, and safety risks posed by ENMs. This new report looks at the state of nanotechnology research, examines market and regulatory conditions and their affect on research priorities, and considers the criteria for evaluating research progress on the environmental, health, and safety aspects of nanotechnology.

Freshwater Microplastics

Freshwater Microplastics Book
Author : Martin Wagner,Scott Lambert
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319616153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This volume focuses on microscopic plastic debris, also referred to as microplastics, which have been detected in aquatic environments around the globe and have accordingly raised serious concerns. The book explores whether microplastics represent emerging contaminants in freshwater systems, an area that remains underrepresented to date. Given the complexity of the issue, the book covers the current state-of-research on microplastics in rivers and lakes, including analytical aspects, environmental concentrations and sources, modelling approaches, interactions with biota, and ecological implications. To provide a broader perspective, the book also discusses lessons learned from nanomaterials and the implications of plastic debris for regulation, politics, economy, and society. In a research field that is rapidly evolving, it offers a solid overview for environmental chemists, engineers, and toxicologists, as well as water managers and policy-makers.

Towards Efficient Designing of Safe Nanomaterials

Towards Efficient Designing of Safe Nanomaterials Book
Author : Jerzy Leszczynski,Tomasz Puzyn
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849734534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first to provide a comprehensive review of recent progress and challenges in the risk assessment of nanomaterials by empirical and computational techniques.

Toxicology

Toxicology Book
Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-10-26
ISBN : 9535127160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book, Toxicology - New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum, is intended to provide an overview on the different xenobiotics employed every day in our anthropogenic activities. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the implications for the living species of known and new toxicants and to guide them in the future investigations.

Indoor and Outdoor Nanoparticles

Indoor and Outdoor Nanoparticles Book
Author : Mar Viana
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-28
ISBN : 3319239198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides an overview of the determinants of the release of and exposure to airborne nanoparticles. Whether intentionally manufactured or unintentionally generated during industrial processes, the release of nanoparticles can result in significant worker exposure, which must be dealt with adequately by means of dedicated risk assessments to ensure workplace health and safety. The book extensively discusses a number of measurement and modelling strategies available for this purpose. It also reviews the health hazardous potential of nano-sized particles and fibres, and follows the flow of engineered nanomaterials from production and use to disposal and the environment. It appeals to a wide readership, from specialists already working in the field to newcomers aiming to gain insights into this topic.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 242

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 242 Book
Author : Pim de Voogt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-29
ISBN : 3319512439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Ecotoxicology of Nanoparticles in Aquatic Systems

Ecotoxicology of Nanoparticles in Aquatic Systems Book
Author : Julian Blasco,Ilaria Corsi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-19
ISBN : 1351657550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of nanoparticles in medicine, industrial, and other applications has triggered an interest in their potential. This book explores the use of nanoparticles related to their occurrence in the environment, their impact on biota in aquatic systems, application of new methodologies, and changes associated with new global scenarios. The book also covers the bioaccumulation and internalization of nanoparticles as key aspects to assess their uptake and discusses the methodologies for testing ENPs ecotoxicity at different trophic levels.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology Book
Author : R E Hester,R M Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 1847557767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology is a much talked about, and rapidly expanding area of science, which is sometimes little understood. It looks set to make a significant impact on human life and, with numerous commercial developments emerging, will become a major industry over the coming years. Nanotechnology can be broadly described as developing or exploiting products at nanometre dimensions (i.e. as having one dimension less than 100 nanometres). Such materials have a larger surface area to volume ratio than conventional materials which provides them with an increased level of reactivity, and consequently, toxicity per unit mass. This book sets the subject into context by first of all describing the current range of products containing nano-materials and then looking at the consequences for the environment and human health relating to the introduction of nanoparticles and nano-tubes. Nanotechnology: Consequences for Human Health and the Environment discusses some of the more controversial issues associated with the field including: nanoparticles in the environment, occupational exposure, toxicological properties, human health issues and safety. This authoritative and comprehensive book will be of interest to both scientists and technologists but also to regulators and government.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials Book
Author : Simona Clichici
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9781789846171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanomaterials book written by Simona Clichici, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology Book
Author : Jo Anne Shatkin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-19
ISBN : 1351832689
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Should you adopt nanotechnology? If you have already adopted it, what do you need to know? What are the risks? Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are revolutionizing the ways we treat disease, produce energy, manufacture products, and attend to our daily wants and needs. To continue to capture the promise of these transformative products, however, we need to ask critical questions about the broader impacts of nanotechnology on society and the environment. Exploring these questions, the second edition of Nanotechnology: Health and Environmental Risks gives you the latest tools to understand the risks of nanotechnology and make better decisions about using it. Examining the state of the science, the book discusses what is known, and what still needs to be understood, about nanotechnology risk. It looks at the uses of nanotechnology for energy, industry, medicine, technology, and consumer applications and explains how to determine whether there is risk—even when there is little reliable evidence—and how to manage it. Contributors cover a wide range of topics, including: Current concerns, among them perceived risks and the challenges of evaluating emerging technology A historical perspective on product safety and chemicals policy The importance of being proactive about identifying and managing health and environmental risks during product development How the concepts of sustainability and life cycle assessment can guide nanotechnology product development Methods for evaluating nanotechnology risks, including screening approaches and research How to manage risk when working with nanoscale materials at the research stage and in occupational environments What international organizations are doing to address risk issues How risk assessment can inform environmental decision making Written in easy-to-understand language, without sacrificing complexity or scientific accuracy, this book offers a wide-angle view of nanotechnology and risk. Supplying cutting-edge approaches and insight, it explains what types of risks could exist and what you can do to address them. What’s New in This Edition Updates throughout, reflecting advances in the field, new literature, and policy developments A new chapter on nanotechnology risk communication, including insights into risk perceptions and the mental models people use to evaluate technological risks An emphasis on developing nanotechnology products that are sustainable in the long term Advances in the understanding of nanomaterials toxicity Cutting-edge research on occupational exposure to nanoparticles Changes in the international landscape of organizations working on the environmental, health, and safety aspects of nanotechnologies

Nanotoxicology and Nanoecotoxicology Vol 1

Nanotoxicology and Nanoecotoxicology Vol  1 Book
Author : Vineet Kumar,Praveen Guleria,Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-13
ISBN : 3030632415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the basics of nanotoxicity and gives a detailed account of methods used for toxicity evaluation of nanomaterials. It also gives indepth coverage of the effect of different types of nanomaterials, including organic and inorganic, on various aquatic animals, microorganisms and plants, and outlines recent challenges, regulatory frameworks and advances in nanotoxicity testing.