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Exposure And Risk Assessment Of Pesticide Use In Agriculture

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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture Book
Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 0128124660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children

Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1993-02-01
ISBN : 0309048753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many of the pesticides applied to food crops in this country are present in foods and may pose risks to human health. Current regulations are intended to protect the health of the general population by controlling pesticide use. This book explores whether the present regulatory approaches adequately protect infants and children, who may differ from adults in susceptibility and in dietary exposures to pesticide residues. The committee focuses on four major areas: Susceptibility: Are children more susceptible or less susceptible than adults to the effects of dietary exposure to pesticides? Exposure: What foods do infants and children eat, and which pesticides and how much of them are present in those foods? Is the current information on consumption and residues adequate to estimate exposure? Toxicity: Are toxicity tests in laboratory animals adequate to predict toxicity in human infants and children? Do the extent and type of toxicity of some chemicals vary by species and by age? Assessing risk: How is dietary exposure to pesticide residues associated with response? How can laboratory data on lifetime exposures of animals be used to derive meaningful estimates of risk to children? Does risk accumulate more rapidly during the early years of life? This book will be of interest to policymakers, administrators of research in the public and private sectors, toxicologists, pediatricians and other health professionals, and the pesticide industry.

Public Health Impact of Pesticides Used in Agriculture

Public Health Impact of Pesticides Used in Agriculture Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Production and use of pesticides - Toxic effects of pesticides - Short and long-term health effects of pesticides : epidemiological data - Populations at risk - Public health impact - Prevention of pesticide poisoning.

Pesticides in the Modern World

Pesticides in the Modern World Book
Author : Margarita Stoytcheva
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-10-05
ISBN : 9533074582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compilation of 29 chapters focused on: pesticides and food production, environmental effects of pesticides, and pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The first book section addresses the benefits of the pest control for crop protection and food supply increasing, and the associated risks of food contamination. The second book section is dedicated to the effects of pesticides on the non-target organisms and the environment such as: effects involving pollinators, effects on nutrient cycling in ecosystems, effects on soil erosion, structure and fertility, effects on water quality, and pesticides resistance development. The third book section furnishes numerous data contributing to the better understanding of the pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The addressed in this book issues should attract the public concern to support rational decisions to pesticides use.

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides Book
Author : Claire A. Franklin,John P. Worgan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-03-11
ISBN : 9780471489894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. The book discusses more recently discovered risks such as pesticides on indoor carpets and includes new trends in data interpretation. Occupational & Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides complements the other title on pesticide exposure in the series - Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water, by Hamilton/Crossley and is a must for all professionals in the Pesticide Industry as well as academics.

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture Book
Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 0128125624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Pesticides

Pesticides Book
Author : Graham Matthews
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
ISBN : 1405172983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last five decades pesticides have undoubtedly helped toincrease agricultural production and control vectors of disease,however the environmental impact of long term agro-chemical use hasbeen cause for concern along with the effects on human health. In Pesticides, Graham Matthews begins by looking at thedevelopmental history of pesticides, and how crop protection wasachieved before they were in use, how pesticides are registered foruse and what happens to pesticides in food and the environment.Pesticide application and operator safety is investigated and thefuture of pesticides in light of the development of geneticallymodified crops is explored. Provides commercially important information for theagro-chemical industry Addresses all aspects of public concern relating to humanhealth and the environment, including spray drift, bystander,resident and worker exposure Looks at the future of pesticides in light of the increasingprevalence of genetically modified crops Collecting together the most recent research in the area in asingle volume, this book is a vital resource for agriculturalscientists, agronomists, plant scientists, plant pathologists,entomologists, environmental scientists, public health personnel,toxicologists, crop protection personnel and all those involved inthe agrochemical industry and government pesticide registration andlegislation.

Dermal Exposure

Dermal Exposure Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-04-20
ISBN : 9789241572422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) series publication addresses dermal exposure to chemicals. It describes sources and pathways of dermal exposure, models and tools to estimate dermal exposure and methods for dermal exposure prevention and reduction. Furthermore, the EHC introduces skin diseases associated with dermal exposure. This EHC aims to provide information to national regulatory authorities to assist in conducting health risk assessments and managing the risk involving dermal exposure to chemicals.

Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals

Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals Book
Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-07-22
ISBN : 9535121456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book, Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals, is intended to provide an overview of toxicology that examines the hazardous effects of common agrochemicals employed every day in our agricultural practices. Furthermore, it is hoped that the information in the present book will be of value to those directly engaged in the handling and use of agrochemicals and that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the different aspects of human and environmental risk toxicities.

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water Book
Author : Denis Hamilton,Stephen Crossley
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-05-14
ISBN : 0470091606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores human exposure and consumer risk assessment in response to issues surrounding pesticide residues in food and drinking water. All the three main areas of consumer risk assessment including human toxicology, pesticide residue chemistry and dietary consumption are brought together and discussed. Includes the broader picture - the environmental fate of pesticides Takes an international approach with contributors from the European Union, USA and Australia Highlights the increasing concerns over food safety and the risks to humans

Pesticide Risk Assessment

Pesticide Risk Assessment Book
Author : Sumitra Arora
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2019-04-08
ISBN : 178064633X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pesticide Risk Assessment book written by Sumitra Arora, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health

Environmental Pollutant Exposures and Public Health Book
Author : R M Harrison
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-10-27
ISBN : 1839160446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Both genes and environment have profound effects upon our health. While some environmental factors such as polluted air are high in the public consciousness, there are many other pathways for people’s exposure to toxic chemicals, such as through food, water and contaminated land. It is not only chemicals that can affect health; environmental radioactivity, pathogenic organisms and our changing climate also have implications for public health, and all contribute to the global burden of disease, leading to both disability and deaths of millions of people annually across the world. An understanding of the pathways of environmental exposure, and its effects upon health is key to developing regulations and behaviours that reduce or prevent exposure, and the consequent impacts upon health. Covering topics from dietary exposure to chemicals through to the health effects of climate change, this book brings together contributors from around the world to highlight the latest science on the impacts of environmental pollutant exposure upon public health.

The Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture

The Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on the Future Role of Pesticides in US Agriculture
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-11-02
ISBN : 9780309172943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although chemical pesticides safeguard crops and improve farm productivity, they are increasingly feared for their potentially dangerous residues and their effects on ecosystems. The Future Role of Pesticides explores the role of chemical pesticides in the decade ahead and identifies the most promising opportunities for increasing the benefits and reducing the risks of pesticide use. The committee recommends R&D, program, and policy initiatives for federal agriculture authorities and other stakeholders in the public and private sectors. This book presents clear overviews of key factors in chemical pesticide use, including: Advances in genetic engineering not only of pest-resistant crops but also of pests themselves. Problems in pesticide use--concerns about the health of agricultural workers, the ability of pests to develop resistance, issues of public perception, and more. Impending shifts in agriculture--globalization of the economy, biological "invasions" of organisms, rising sensitivity toward cross-border environmental issues, and other trends. With a model and working examples, this book offers guidance on how to assess various pest control strategies available to today's agriculturist.

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues Book
Author : Ambrus Arpad,Hamilton Denis J
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-01-05
ISBN : 1786341700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pesticides are now accepted as an integral part of modern agricultural production. This book provides analysis of the steps taken by national and international bodies working towards a cohesive global strategy for evaluating the safety of residues in food that result from approved pesticide uses. Also described is the role of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO) and Codex Alimentarius in developing standards that protect the health of the consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. It goes on to look at the promotion of good agricultural practice in the use of pesticides and the need for control in their practical use. These include sampling, testing the compliance of marketed products against legal limits and verifying the effectiveness of the safety-based regulatory measures. This is a specialist book for those looking to go into the field of international food safety, for students and lecturers studying the topic, for policy makers working on public health and agricultural issues, and personnel responsible for taking samples and performing the analysis of pesticide formulations and residues.

International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management

International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,World Health Organization
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 9251091870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The understanding that some pesticides are more hazardous than others is well established. Recognition of this is reflected by the World Health Organization (WHO) Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard, which was first published in 1975. The document classifies pesticides in one of five hazard classes according to their acute toxicity. In 2002, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) was introduced, which in addition to acute toxicity also provides classification of chemicals according to their chronic health hazards and environmental hazards.

Guidelines for personal protection when handling and applying pesticides

Guidelines for personal protection when handling and applying pesticides Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,World Health Organization
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2020-01-30
ISBN : 9251320721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These guidelines are intended to provide guidance on pesticide risk reduction through reduced exposure by effective personal protection with special attention to the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). First, they provide technical information on personal protection and on the selection and use of PPE. Second, in line with the FAO/WHO International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management, they address policy issues and recommend measures to improve personal protection and specifically the use and availability of adequate quality and affordable PPE. They are primarily aimed at government authorities in charge of pesticide management and risk reduction, but are also considered useful to public and private sectors such as pesticide industry, non-governmental organisations (NGO) and other relevant entities. More specifically, these guidelines are targeted at stakeholders in low and middle income countries (LMICs) where it is acknowledged that there is limited legislation, compliance and enforcement, and PPE availability. These Guidelines were developed by the FAO/WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticide Management (JMPM) to provide guidance on provisions in the Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management that are related to personal protection of pesticide users. They are meant to enhance current national legislation and regulations on personal protection and personal protective equipment (PPE) or where there is none, to provide guidance. They reflect the FAO/WHO joint approach on pesticide management, thus addressing personal protection of both agricultural and public health operators/applicators, the latter being engaged in using insecticides for vector control.

Pesticide Toxicology

Pesticide Toxicology Book
Author : Eugenia Gallardo,Mário Barroso
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 9781071619278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This detailed volume explores practical procedures on the identification and quantification of pesticides in a variety of samples. Chapters guide the reader through methods and protocols for the extraction of pesticides from biological and non-biological samples, pitfalls in dosing techniques and structures identification, and also provide an overview of the problems that these pesticides cause in human populations. As part of the Methods in Pharmacology and Toxicology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of reagents and materials, step-by-step guides and reproducible lab protocols, as well as valuable tips on addressing common problems and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Pesticide Toxicology is an ideal reference for academia, analysts, toxicologists, environmentalists, and health and industry professionals aiming to understand the associated risks and to limit the use of these substances and minimize their potential damage to human health and the environment.

Pesticides in Agriculture and the Environment

Pesticides in Agriculture and the Environment Book
Author : Willis B. Wheeler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-08-14
ISBN : 9780203909430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discussing the range of effects of pesticides on food and human safety, water quality, wildlife, and pest management, this book explores the agricultural, economic, and regulatory factors that affect pesticide use. It examines crop and pest ecology, integrated pest management principles, and emerging analytical tools to improve the efficacy and cost-efficiency of pest control. Expert contributions describe the current status of pesticides issues and those related to pest management. The book summarizes advances and trends in the crop protection industry, such as integrated pest management, hybrid seed and generic pesticide production, improved pesticide formulations, and plant biotechnology.

Ecological Risk Assessment of Current use Pesticides in the Sixaola Watershed Costa Rica

Ecological Risk Assessment of Current use Pesticides in the Sixaola Watershed  Costa Rica Book
Author : Beth A. Polidoro
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among the most important research priorities identified in tropical ecotoxicology is the need for risk assessment models specific to pesticide fate and toxicity in tropical watersheds. A number of different pesticides are applied in the Sixaola watershed, Costa Rica to produce export-quality plantains and bananas. Following an ecological risk assessment framework, the principal exposure pathways, environmental fate, and biological effect of current-use pesticides are integrated to provide an estimate of ecological risk to aquatic resources in the Sixaola watershed. Risk assessment of pesticide use in this region is essential for the identification of conservation or restoration priority areas, as well as for the development of better land management practices that address regional agriculture, conservation, and public health priorities.

Pesticide Toxicity to Non target Organisms

Pesticide Toxicity to Non target Organisms Book
Author : Johnson Stanley,Gnanadhas Preetha
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-12
ISBN : 9401777527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The pesticide should cause effect on the target pests and be selective enough to spare the non-target beneficial. The book deals with the pesticide toxicity to predators, parasitoids and microbes which are used for pest management in the agroecosystem. The other beneficials exposed to pesticides are pollinators, earthworms, silkworm and fishes. The book contains information on the modes of pesticide exposure and toxicity to the organisms, sub-lethal effects of insecticides and method of toxicity assessment, risk assessment of pesticidal application in the field. The purpose of the work is to compile and present the different procedures to assess pesticide poising in organisms related to the agroecosystem along with discussions on risk assessment procedures with clear comparison of toxicity of pesticides to target pests and non target beneficial organisms.