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Exposure And Risk Assessment Of Pesticide Use In Agriculture

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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture Book
Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 0128125624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture Book
Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-12-10
ISBN : 0128124660
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides Book
Author : Claire A. Franklin,John P. Worgan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-03-11
ISBN : 9780471489894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. The book discusses more recently discovered risks such as pesticides on indoor carpets and includes new trends in data interpretation. Occupational & Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides complements the other title on pesticide exposure in the series - Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water, by Hamilton/Crossley and is a must for all professionals in the Pesticide Industry as well as academics.

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water Book
Author : Denis Hamilton,Stephen Crossley
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-05-14
ISBN : 0470091606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores human exposure and consumer risk assessment in response to issues surrounding pesticide residues in food and drinking water. All the three main areas of consumer risk assessment including human toxicology, pesticide residue chemistry and dietary consumption are brought together and discussed. Includes the broader picture - the environmental fate of pesticides Takes an international approach with contributors from the European Union, USA and Australia Highlights the increasing concerns over food safety and the risks to humans

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues Book
Author : Ambrus Arpad,Hamilton Denis J
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-01-05
ISBN : 1786341700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pesticides are now accepted as an integral part of modern agricultural production. This book provides analysis of the steps taken by national and international bodies working towards a cohesive global strategy for evaluating the safety of residues in food that result from approved pesticide uses. Also described is the role of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO) and Codex Alimentarius in developing standards that protect the health of the consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. It goes on to look at the promotion of good agricultural practice in the use of pesticides and the need for control in their practical use. These include sampling, testing the compliance of marketed products against legal limits and verifying the effectiveness of the safety-based regulatory measures. This is a specialist book for those looking to go into the field of international food safety, for students and lecturers studying the topic, for policy makers working on public health and agricultural issues, and personnel responsible for taking samples and performing the analysis of pesticide formulations and residues.

Ecological Risk Assessment of Current use Pesticides in the Sixaola Watershed Costa Rica

Ecological Risk Assessment of Current use Pesticides in the Sixaola Watershed  Costa Rica Book
Author : Beth A. Polidoro
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among the most important research priorities identified in tropical ecotoxicology is the need for risk assessment models specific to pesticide fate and toxicity in tropical watersheds. A number of different pesticides are applied in the Sixaola watershed, Costa Rica to produce export-quality plantains and bananas. Following an ecological risk assessment framework, the principal exposure pathways, environmental fate, and biological effect of current-use pesticides are integrated to provide an estimate of ecological risk to aquatic resources in the Sixaola watershed. Risk assessment of pesticide use in this region is essential for the identification of conservation or restoration priority areas, as well as for the development of better land management practices that address regional agriculture, conservation, and public health priorities.

Pesticide Risk Assessment

Pesticide Risk Assessment Book
Author : Sumitra Arora
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2019-04-08
ISBN : 178064633X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pesticide Risk Assessment book written by Sumitra Arora, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders

Crop Spraying and the Health of Residents and Bystanders Book
Author : Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution,Tom Blundell
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781600213915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report addresses a complex and controversial issue: the human health risks associated with the use of agricultural pesticides. Some people are extremely concerned about their potential exposure to pesticides, arising because they occupy properties adjacent to farmland or because they have (or have had) access to such land, for example when using footpaths. The official position in the UK in response to these concerns has been that a robust approach to the assessment of human health risks associated with pesticide exposure already exists; and that there is no scientific case for taking additional measures, such as the introduction of no-spray buffer zones, to protect members of the public who may be in the vicinity of a sprayed area. But those who consider themselves to be adversely affected by pesticide spraying have not been reassured, and have continued to campaign for the adoption of more precautionary measures.

Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators

Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators Book
Author : David Fischer,Tom Moriarty
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-29
ISBN : 1118852699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pollinators play a vital role in ecosystem health and are essential to ensuring food security. With declines in both managed and wild pollinator populations in recent years, scientists and regulators have sought answers to this problem and have explored implementing steps to protect pollinator populations now and for the future. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators focuses on the role pesticides play in impacting bee populations and looks to develop a risk assessment process, along with the data to inform that process, to better assess the potential risks that can accompany the use of pesticide products. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators opens with two chapters that provide a biological background of both Apis and non-Apis species of pollinators. Chapters then present an overview of the general regulatory risk assessment process and decision-making processes. The book then discusses the core elements of a risk assessment, including exposure estimation, laboratory testing, and field testing. The book concludes with chapters on statistical and modeling tools, and proposed additional research that may be useful in developing the ability to assess the impacts of pesticide use on pollinator populations. Summarizing the current state of the science surrounding risk assessment for Apis and non-Apis species, Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators is a timely work that will be of great use to the environmental science and agricultural research communities. Assesses pesticide risk to native and managed pollinators Summarizes the state of the science in toxicity testing and risk assessment Provides valuable biological overviews of both Apis and non-Apis pollinators Develops a plausible overall risk assessment framework for regulatory decision making Looks towards a globally harmonized approach for pollinator toxicity and risk assessment

Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure in Agricultural Workers

Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure in Agricultural Workers Book
Author : Kelly Johnstone,Mike Capra,Beth Newman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781741515503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure in Agricultural Workers book written by Kelly Johnstone,Mike Capra,Beth Newman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2015-01-01
ISBN : 9251087091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 30 years, the FAO regional office in Bangkok has assisted countries in Asia and the Pacific region to establish pesticide legislation and regulations, and to manage these products in accordance with the Code of Conduct and other international conventions and treaties. Many workshops aimed at enhancing harmonization among countries’ regulatory frameworks for the control of pesticides have been conducted in the region. The most recent workshop on practical aspects of pesticide risk a ssessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides was conducted in Nanjing, China from 19 to 22 May 2014. This publication provides an updated status of pesticide risk reduction in Asian countries. It also contains databases of registered and banned pesticides, and important documents from the Nanjing workshop that serve to enhance closer cooperation among countries in phasing-out hazardous pesticides.

Risk Assessment for Demal Exposure of Organophosphate Pesticides in Rice growing Farmers at Rangsit Agricultural Area Pathumthani Province Central Thailand

Risk Assessment for Demal Exposure of Organophosphate Pesticides in Rice growing Farmers at Rangsit Agricultural Area  Pathumthani Province  Central Thailand Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This cross-sectional descriptive study investigated the dermal route exposure of organophosphate pesticides and assessed the health risk due to Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos among rice farmers in the Rangsit Agricultural Area, Pathumthani Province, central Thailand. Interviews were conducted with 29 subjects to understand the characteristics of the rice farmers and pesticides use in the community. Neurological signs and symptoms that could be related to organophosphate pesticides existed among the community. The respondents generally could not identify the names of the pesticides which could cause their symptoms. The most common pesticides used were Chlorpyrifos, Dicroptophos and Abamectin. Neighbor influence was an important factor in pesticide purchasing. The surveyed farmers used at least one type of hazardous pesticide; often mixed more pesticides than recommended in each spray and even more if the previous application was ineffective, which shows that the sampled farmers are of particular concern since they were experiencing extensive potential exposure to harmful pesticides. For health risk assessment for dermal exposure portion, hand-wipe samples were collected from 14 subjects who sprayed organophosphate pesticides, specifically Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos. The residues of Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos contaminated on the hands of the rice farmers after they applied pesticides were quantified. The mean concentration of Chlorpyrifos was 10.48 mg/Kg, and concentrations ranged from 0.29 to 105.62 mg/Kg. The mean concentration of Profenofos was 4.38 mg/Kg, and concentrations ranged from 0.51 to 22.86 mg/Kg. The result of risk characterization indicated that the farmers may be at risk from Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos exposure (Hazard Index (HI), Chlorpyrifos and Profenofos >1). Long term dermal exposure of these two non-carcinogenic pesticides in these rice farmers may result in chronic adverse health effects.

Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology Two Volume Set

Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology  Two Volume Set Book
Author : John Doull
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2001-10-10
ISBN : 9780124262607
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deals with the use, properties, effects, and regulation of pesticides. This two-volume set contains information on a range of topics which establishes context of pesticide use and outlines how they are scientifically evaluated. It includes discussion of strategies for pesticide risk assessment, and considers the major classes of pesticide.

Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects

Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects Book
Author : Theo C. Brock
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-11-24
ISBN : 1439813493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides are more often the rule than exception in the surface waters of agricultural landscapes. There is, therefore, a need to adequately address the uncertainties arising from time-variable exposure profiles in the aquatic risk assessment procedure for pesticides. Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects: Risk Assessment of Pesticides provides guidance and recommendations for linking aquatic exposure and ecotoxicological effects in the environmental assessment of agricultural pesticides. Leading international scientists share their expertise in aquatic exposure assessment, aquatic ecotoxicology, and the risk assessment and management of plant protection products. The book incorporates the tools and approaches currently available for assessing the environmental risks of time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides. It also discusses the science behind these techniques. This volume covers the extrapolation techniques, including models that address the environmental fate, toxicokinetics, toxicodynamics, and ecological effects, for performing accurate aquatic environmental risk assessments of pesticides. It explains how to link aquatic exposure and effects in the risk assessment procedure for plant protection products.

Regulating Pesticides in Food

Regulating Pesticides in Food Book
Author : National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Scientific and Regulatory Issues Underlying Pesticide Use Patterns and Agricultural Innovation
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1987-02-01
ISBN : 0309037468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concern about health effects from exposure to pesticides in foods is growing as scientists learn more about the toxic properties of pesticides. The Delaney Clause, a provision of the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, prohibits tolerances for any pesticide that causes cancer in test animals or in humans if the pesticide concentrates in processed food or feeds. This volume examines the impacts of the Delaney Clause on agricultural innovation and on the public's dietary exposure to potentially carcinogenic pesticide residues. Four regulatory scenarios are described to illustrate the effects of varying approaches to managing oncogenic pesticide residues in food.

Environmental and Human Risks of Pesticide Use in Thailand and Sri Lanka

Environmental and Human Risks of Pesticide Use in Thailand and Sri Lanka Book
Author : Paul J. Van den Brink,Green World Research
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental and Human Risks of Pesticide Use in Thailand and Sri Lanka book written by Paul J. Van den Brink,Green World Research, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hayes Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology

Hayes  Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-02-15
ISBN : 0080922015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is a comprehensive, two-volume reference guide to the properties, effects, and regulation of pesticides that provides the latest and most complete information to researchers investigating the environmental, agricultural, veterinary, and human-health impacts of pesticide use. Written by international experts from academia, government, and the private sector, the Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology is an in-depth examination of critical issues related to the need for, use of, and nature of chemicals used in modern pest management. This updated 3e carries on the book’s tradition of serving as the definitive reference on pesticide toxicology and recognizes the seminal contribution of Wayland J. Hayes, Jr., co-Editor of the first edition. Feature: Presents a comprehensive look at all aspects of pesticide toxicology in one reference work. Benefit: Saves researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest definitive details on toxicity of specific pesticides as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles. Feature: Clear exposition of hazard identification and dose response relationships in each chapter featuring pesticide agents and actions Benefit: Connects the experimental laboratory results to real-life applications in human health, animal health and the environment. Feature: All major classes of pesticide considered. Benefit: Provides relevance to a wider variety of researchers who are conducting comparative work in pesticides or their health impacts. Feature: Different routes of exposure critically evaluated. Benefit: Connects the loop between exposure and harmful affects to those who are researching the affects of pesticides on humans or wildlife.

Environmental Security Assessment and Management of Obsolete Pesticides in Southeast Europe

Environmental Security Assessment and Management of Obsolete Pesticides in Southeast Europe Book
Author : Lubomir I. Simeonov,Fliur Z. Macaev,Biana G. Simeonova
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 9400764618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present work is a fine contribution to the broad field of environmental security in the context of risk assessment and management of obsolete pesticides for the region of Southeast Europe. The purpose of this book is to evaluate the existing knowledge of improper disposal of obsolete pesticides in the region, to estimate the associated impact on environmental health, and to develop recommendations to mitigate or eliminate threats posed to the environment, biodiversity and human life. The issues discussed in the book include: reviews of the transport and fate of pesticides and associated contaminated materials in different environmental media and identification of the principal sources, emission routes and patterns of environmental pollution with pesticides; a recognition of the most suitable methods for environmental sampling analysis and sample preparation; an evaluation of the current methods and techniques for chemical and mass analysis of environmental and biological samples and discussion of the metrological and quality aspects of trace analyses; a characterization of the environmental and human health impacts of pesticide pollution, the health effects associated with acute and chronic exposure and the use of epidemiological data for risk assessment; a revision of the existing chemical safety regulations and strategies for protection and management of obsolete pesticide stocks; a survey of the international conventions, directives and standards concerning pesticide use.

Methyl Bromide Risk Characterization in California

Methyl Bromide Risk Characterization in California Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Toxicology,Subcommittee for the Review of the Risk Assessment of Methyl Bromide
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2000-07-13
ISBN : 0309070872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Methyl bromide is gaseous pesticide used to fumigate soil, crops, commodity warehouses, and commodity-shipping facilities. Up to 17 million pounds of methyl bromide are used annually in California to treat grapes, almonds, strawberries, and other crops. Methyl bromide is also a known stratospheric ozone depleter and, as such, is scheduled to be phased out of use in the United States by 2005 under the United Nations Montreal Protocol. In California, the use of methyl bromide is regulated by the Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR), which is responsible for establishing the permit conditions that govern the application of methyl bromide for pest control. The actual permits for use are issued on a site-specific basis by the local county agricultural commissioners. Because of concern for potential adverse health effects, in 1999 DPR developed a draft risk characterization document for inhalation exposure to methyl bromide. The DPR document is intended to support new regulations regarding the agricultural use of this pesticide. The proposed regulations encompass changes to protect children in nearby schools, establish minimum buffer zones around application sites, require notification of nearby residents, and set new limits on hours that fumigation employees may work. The State of California requires that DPR arrange for an external peer review of the scientific basis for all regulations. To this end, the National Research Council (NRC) was asked to review independently the draft risk characterization document prepared by DPR for inhalation exposure to methyl bromide. The task given to NRC's subcommittee on methyl bromide states the following: The subcommittee will perform an independent scientific review of the California Environmental Protection Agency's risk assessment document on methyl bromide. The subcommittee will (1) determine whether all relevant data were considered, (2) determine the appropriateness of the critical studies, (3) consider the mode of action of methyl bromide and its implications in risk assessment, and (4) determine the appropriateness of the exposure assessment and mathematical models used. The subcommittee will also identify data gaps and make recommendations for further research relevant to setting exposure limits for methyl bromide. This report evaluates the toxicological and exposure data on methyl bromide that characterize risks at current exposure levels for field workers and nearby residents. The remainder of this report contains the subcommittee's analysis of DPR's risk characterization for methyl bromide. In Chapter 2, the critical toxicological studies and endpoints identified in the DPR document are evaluated. Chapter 3 summarizes DPR's exposure assessment, and the data quality and modeling techniques employed in its assessment are critiqued. Chapter 4 provides a review of DPR's risk assessment, including the adequacy of the toxicological database DPR used for hazard identification, an analysis of the margin-of-exposure data, and appropriateness of uncertainty factors used by DPR. Chapter 5 contains the subcommittee's conclusions about DPR's risk characterization, highlights data gaps, and makes recommendations for future research.

Food Safety Issues

Food Safety Issues Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture,United States
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Food Safety Issues book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture,United States, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.