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Exposure And Risk Assessment Of Pesticide Use In Agriculture

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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture Book
Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 0128125624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues Book
Author : Ambrus Arpad,Hamilton Denis J
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2017-01-05
ISBN : 1786341700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pesticides are now accepted as an integral part of modern agricultural production. This book provides analysis of the steps taken by national and international bodies working towards a cohesive global strategy for evaluating the safety of residues in food that result from approved pesticide uses. Also described is the role of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO) and Codex Alimentarius in developing standards that protect the health of the consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. It goes on to look at the promotion of good agricultural practice in the use of pesticides and the need for control in their practical use. These include sampling, testing the compliance of marketed products against legal limits and verifying the effectiveness of the safety-based regulatory measures. This is a specialist book for those looking to go into the field of international food safety, for students and lecturers studying the topic, for policy makers working on public health and agricultural issues, and personnel responsible for taking samples and performing the analysis of pesticide formulations and residues.

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water Book
Author : Denis Hamilton,Stephen Crossley
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-05-14
ISBN : 0470091606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores human exposure and consumer risk assessment in response to issues surrounding pesticide residues in food and drinking water. All the three main areas of consumer risk assessment including human toxicology, pesticide residue chemistry and dietary consumption are brought together and discussed. Includes the broader picture - the environmental fate of pesticides Takes an international approach with contributors from the European Union, USA and Australia Highlights the increasing concerns over food safety and the risks to humans

Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk

Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk Book
Author : Jan B.H.J. Linders
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401008841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematical models are being increasingly used to estimate the concentrations of a wide range of substances in the environment for a variety of reasons, including government control and legislation, and risk and hazard estimation. Exposure assessment has to be performed for many types of substances, including pesticides, industrial chemicals, pollutants, accidental discharges, etc. The interpretation of the results of model equations should always bear in mind the purpose for which the model used was built in the first place. Further, models are always an abstraction of reality, requiring simplifying assumptions to keep the models within the restraints posed by computer performance and/or scientific knowledge. The present book treats the theme of modelling chemical exposure and risk in terms of four main topics: model characteristics, applications, comparison of estimated with measured concentrations, and modelling credibility.

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals

Public Health Risk Assessment for Human Exposure to Chemicals Book
Author : K. Asante-Duah
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-09-30
ISBN : 9781402009204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In fact, with the control and containment of most infectious conditions and diseases of the past millennium having been achieved in most developed countries, and with the resultant increase in life expectancies, much more attention seems to have shifted to degenerative health problems. Many of the degenerative health conditions have been linked to thousands of chemicals regularly encountered in human living and occupational/work environments. It is important, therefore, that human health risk assessments are undertaken on a consistent basis - in order to determine the potential impacts of the target chemicals on public health.

Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects

Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects Book
Author : Theo C. Brock
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-11-24
ISBN : 1439813493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides are more often the rule than exception in the surface waters of agricultural landscapes. There is, therefore, a need to adequately address the uncertainties arising from time-variable exposure profiles in the aquatic risk assessment procedure for pesticides. Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects: Risk Assessment of Pesticides provides guidance and recommendations for linking aquatic exposure and ecotoxicological effects in the environmental assessment of agricultural pesticides. Leading international scientists share their expertise in aquatic exposure assessment, aquatic ecotoxicology, and the risk assessment and management of plant protection products. The book incorporates the tools and approaches currently available for assessing the environmental risks of time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides. It also discusses the science behind these techniques. This volume covers the extrapolation techniques, including models that address the environmental fate, toxicokinetics, toxicodynamics, and ecological effects, for performing accurate aquatic environmental risk assessments of pesticides. It explains how to link aquatic exposure and effects in the risk assessment procedure for plant protection products.

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides Book
Author : Claire A. Franklin,John P. Worgan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2005-03-11
ISBN : 9780471489894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. The book discusses more recently discovered risks such as pesticides on indoor carpets and includes new trends in data interpretation. Occupational & Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides complements the other title on pesticide exposure in the series - Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water, by Hamilton/Crossley and is a must for all professionals in the Pesticide Industry as well as academics.

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2015-01-01
ISBN : 9251087091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 30 years, the FAO regional office in Bangkok has assisted countries in Asia and the Pacific region to establish pesticide legislation and regulations, and to manage these products in accordance with the Code of Conduct and other international conventions and treaties. Many workshops aimed at enhancing harmonization among countries’ regulatory frameworks for the control of pesticides have been conducted in the region. The most recent workshop on practical aspects of pesticide risk a ssessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides was conducted in Nanjing, China from 19 to 22 May 2014. This publication provides an updated status of pesticide risk reduction in Asian countries. It also contains databases of registered and banned pesticides, and important documents from the Nanjing workshop that serve to enhance closer cooperation among countries in phasing-out hazardous pesticides.

Non Target Effects of Pesticides on Organisms Inhabiting Agroecosystems

Non Target Effects of Pesticides on Organisms Inhabiting Agroecosystems Book
Author : Johann G. Zaller,Carsten A. Brühl
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-10-17
ISBN : 2889459764
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pesticide usage is increasing worldwide and considered among the main factors contributing to the global decline in biodiversity. This Research Topic provides an overview of the state-of-knowledge regarding non-target effects of herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and rodenticides on a variety of ecosystem functions and organisms. Taxa covered in the contributions include algae, amphibians, aquatic fungi, aquatic insects, bats, bumblebees, butterflies, earthworms, enchytraeids, honeybees, plants, rodents and soil microorganisms. The papers also highlight many gaps in our understanding of non-target effects of pesticides and their consequences for biodiversity and functions of various ecosystems. Overall, it became clear that priorities for future work on pesticides and their effects should more focus on investigating or simulating realistic field situations, i.e., multiple applications of pesticides during the growing season including their temporal and spatial interactions with fauna and flora.

Pesticides in Agriculture and the Environment

Pesticides in Agriculture and the Environment Book
Author : Willis B. Wheeler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-08-14
ISBN : 9780203909430
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discussing the range of effects of pesticides on food and human safety, water quality, wildlife, and pest management, this book explores the agricultural, economic, and regulatory factors that affect pesticide use. It examines crop and pest ecology, integrated pest management principles, and emerging analytical tools to improve the efficacy and cos

Pesticide Application Methods

Pesticide Application Methods Book
Author : Graham Matthews,Roy Bateman,Paul Miller
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-01-06
ISBN : 111835124X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Pesticide Application Methods is the standard work on the subject for all those involved in crop protection. This fully updated Fourth Edition takes account of the considerable changes in legislation, especially within the European Union, affecting some pesticides and how they can be applied. With greater emphasis now on protecting the environment, an additional chapter in this edition describes the importance of managing treatments to minimise spray drift, and the chapter on applying biopesticides has been updated, with the assistance of Paul Miller and Roy Bateman respectively. Basic information on the role of pesticides in integrated pest management is given with a discussion on the importance of defining the target and choice of spray spectrum to optimise delivery. The range of droplets and types of equipment for different methods of application, including seed treatment, are described with information on safe use and maintenance. Pesticide Application Methods, 4th Edition, provides an essential reference for all those involved in crop protection, including entomologists, plant pathologists, weed scientists and agricultural engineers, whether researchers, consultants or those training in international, government or academic organisations, or the plant science industry. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where agricultural and biological sciences are studied or taught should have copies of this excellent new edition on their shelves.

Pesticides in Surface Water

Pesticides in Surface Water Book
Author : Kean S. Goh,Jay Gan,Dirk F. Young,Yuzhou Luo
Publisher : American Chemical Society
Release : 2020-06
ISBN : 9780841234109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Newly developed pesticides are present in surface waters, but how do we evaluate and understand their effects? Evidence of pesticide contamination of surface waters has spurred interest in aquatic pesticide exposure and its subsequent effects on humans and the environment. This book discusses monitoring, aquatic toxicology, risk assessment, modeling, mitigation, and regulatory efforts to minimize contaminants and protect environmental integrity. Researchers and students at universities, chemists and toxicologists at agrochemical companies and contract laboratories, and consultants involved with resource conservation and environmental risk mitigation will find this work helpful.

Pesticide Toxicology and International Regulation

Pesticide Toxicology and International Regulation Book
Author : Timothy T. Marrs,Bryan Ballantyne
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2004-02-13
ISBN : 9780471496441
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together key features of the toxicology and occupational hazards of pesticides and the way their use is regulated in the main trading regions of the world. There are chapters on each of the main groups of insecticides, namely organochlorines, anticholinesterases and pyrethrins and pyrethroids. The book also covers fungicides and herbicides, as well as more specialised agents such as microbial pesticides. The risks and hazards to humans are considered, both occupational and through the consumption of contaminated foodstuffs. Additionally, clinical aspects of pesticide poisoning are discussed. The possibility of harm from pesticide exposure has led to the development of national and international regulations governing the application of pesticides. The book describes the regulatory systems in three major economic areas: the North American Free Trade Area (USA, Canada and Mexico), the European Union and Japan. This book should be of interest to all individuals working on the development and application of pesticides anywhere in the world. All those involved in the manufacture, regulation and toxicology of pesticides should also benefit from reading this book.

Risk Assessment of Chemicals An Introduction

Risk Assessment of Chemicals  An Introduction Book
Author : C.J. van Leeuwen,J.L.M. Hermens
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1995-10-31
ISBN : 9780792337409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years many developments have taken place in promote co-operation between governments and other the field of risk assessment of chemicals. Many reports parties involved in chemical safety and to provide policy have been published by national authorities, industries guidance with emphasis on regional and subregional co and scientific researchers as well as by international bod operation. The Inter-Organization Programme for the ies such as the European Union, the Organization of Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC) was estab Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and lished in 1995 and provides a mechanism for the six par the joint International Programme on Chemical Safety ticipating organizations (UNEP, ILO, FAO, UNIDO,WHO (IPCS) of the World Health Organization (WHO), the and OECD) to better co-ordinate policies and activities in International Labour Organization (lLO), and the United the field of chemical risk management. Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The present book is an introduction to risk assessment of The development and international harmonization of risk chemicals. It contains basic background information on assessment methods is an important challenge. In sources, emissions, distribution and fate processes for Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on exposure estimation. It includes dose-effects estimation Environment and Development (UNCED), chapter 19 is for both human health related toxicology and ecotoxicol entirely devoted to the management of chemicals. For ogy as well as information on estimation methodologies. one of its recommendations, i. e.