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Experiments And Modeling In Cognitive Science

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Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science

Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science Book
Author : Fabien Mathy,Mustapha Chekaf
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-22
ISBN : 0081027974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Software Simulation and Modeling in Psychology: MATLAB, SPSS, Excel and E-Prime describes all the stages of psychology experimentation, from the manipulation of factors, to statistical analysis, data modeling, and automated stimuli creation. The book shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive. For example, it shows how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste), generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software), and transform and recode tables of data. This type of modeling in psychology helps determine if a model fits the data, and also demonstrates that the algorithmic is not only useful, but essential for modeling data. Covers the entire process of experimenting, from designing an experiment, to modeling the data Shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive Contains sections on how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste) and generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software)

Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science

Experiments and Modeling in Cognitive Science Book
Author : Fabien Mathy,Mustapha Chekaf
Publisher : ISTE Press - Elsevier
Release : 2018-12-05
ISBN : 9781785482847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Software Simulation and Modeling in Psychology: MATLAB, SPSS, Excel and E-Prime describes all the stages of psychology experimentation, from the manipulation of factors, to statistical analysis, data modeling, and automated stimuli creation. The book shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive. For example, it shows how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste), generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software), and transform and recode tables of data. This type of modeling in psychology helps determine if a model fits the data, and also demonstrates that the algorithmic is not only useful, but essential for modeling data. Covers the entire process of experimenting, from designing an experiment, to modeling the data Shows how software can help automate various stages of the experiment for which operations may quickly become repetitive Contains sections on how to compile data files (instead of opening files one by one to copy and paste) and generate stimuli (instead of drawing one by one in a drawing software)

Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology

Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology Book
Author : Lorenzo Magnani,Claudia Casadio
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-01
ISBN : 3319389831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses how scientific and other types of cognition make use of models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning in order to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. It includes revised contributions presented during the international conference on Model-Based Reasoning (MBR’015), held on June 25-27 in Sestri Levante, Italy. The book is divided into three main parts, the first of which focuses on models, reasoning and representation. It highlights key theoretical concepts from an applied perspective, addressing issues concerning information visualization, experimental methods and design. The second part goes a step further, examining abduction, problem solving and reasoning. The respective contributions analyze different types of reasoning, discussing various concepts of inference and creativity and their relationship with experimental data. In turn, the third part reports on a number of historical, epistemological and technological issues. By analyzing possible contradictions in modern research and describing representative case studies in experimental research, this part aims at fostering new discussions and stimulating new ideas. All in all, the book provides researchers and graduate students in the field of applied philosophy, epistemology, cognitive science and artificial intelligence alike with an authoritative snapshot of current theories and applications of model-based reasoning.

The Experimental Side of Modeling

The Experimental Side of Modeling Book
Author : Isabelle F. Peschard,Bas C. van Fraassen
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release : 2018-10-02
ISBN : 1452957452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An innovative, multifaceted approach to scientific experiments as designed by and shaped through interaction with the modeling process The role of scientific modeling in mediation between theories and phenomena is a critical topic within the philosophy of science, touching on issues from climate modeling to synthetic models in biology, high energy particle physics, and cognitive sciences. Offering a radically new conception of the role of data in the scientific modeling process as well as a new awareness of the problematic aspects of data, this cutting-edge volume offers a multifaceted view on experiments as designed and shaped in interaction with the modeling process. Contributors address such issues as the construction of models in conjunction with scientific experimentation; the status of measurement and the function of experiment in the identification of relevant parameters; how the phenomena under study are reconceived when accounted for by a model; and the interplay between experimenting, modeling, and simulation when results do not mesh. Highlighting the mediating role of models and the model-dependence (as well as theory-dependence) of data measurement, this volume proposes a normative and conceptual innovation in scientific modeling—that the phenomena to be investigated and modeled must not be precisely identified at the start but specified during the course of the interactions arising between experimental and modeling activities. Contributors: Nancy D. Cartwright, U of California, San Diego; Anthony Chemero, U of Cincinnati; Ronald N. Giere, U of Minnesota; Jenann Ismael, U of Arizona; Tarja Knuuttila, U of South Carolina; Andrea Loettgers, U of Bern, Switzerland; Deborah Mayo, Virginia Tech; Joseph Rouse, Wesleyan U; Paul Teller, U of California, Davis; Michael Weisberg, U of Pennsylvania; Eric Winsberg, U of South Florida.

The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments

The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments Book
Author : Michael T Stuart,Yiftach Fehige,James Robert Brown
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-20
ISBN : 1351705512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thought experiments are a means of imaginative reasoning that lie at the heart of philosophy, from the pre-Socratics to the modern era, and they also play central roles in a range of fields, from physics to politics. The Routledge Companion to Thought Experiments is an invaluable guide and reference source to this multifaceted subject. Comprising over 30 chapters by a team of international contributors, the Companion covers the following important areas: · the history of thought experiments, from antiquity to the trolley problem and quantum non-locality; · thought experiments in the humanities, arts, and sciences, including ethics, physics, theology, biology, mathematics, economics, and politics; · theories about the nature of thought experiments; · new discussions concerning the impact of experimental philosophy, cross-cultural comparison studies, metaphilosophy, computer simulations, idealization, dialectics, cognitive science, the artistic nature of thought experiments, and metaphysical issues. This broad ranging Companion goes backwards through history and sideways across disciplines. It also engages with philosophical perspectives from empiricism, rationalism, naturalism, skepticism, pluralism, contextualism, and neo-Kantianism to phenomenology. This volume will be valuable for anyone studying the methods of philosophy or any discipline that employs thought experiments, as well as anyone interested in the power and limits of the mind.

Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Methodology

Stevens  Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience  Methodology Book
Author : John T. Wixted
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-03-13
ISBN : 1119170125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

V. Methodology: E. J. Wagenmakers (Volume Editor) Topics covered include methods and models in categorization; cultural consensus theory; network models for clinical psychology; response time modeling; analyzing neural time series data; models and methods for reinforcement learning; convergent methods of memory research; theories for discriminating signal from noise; bayesian cognitive modeling; mathematical modeling in cognition and cognitive neuroscience; the stop-signal paradigm; hypothesis testing and statistical inference; model comparison in psychology; fmri; neural recordings; open science; neural networks and neurocomputational modeling; serial versus parallel processing; methods in psychophysics.

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules

Analysis of Cognitive Models in Constraint Handling Rules Book
Author : Daniel Gall
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-10-11
ISBN : 3754396781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational cognitive modeling explores cognition by building computational models for cognitive processes, mechanisms and representations. Currently, implementations of cognitive models lack a formal foundation. This inhibits analysis. In this thesis, the cognitive architecture Adaptive Control of Thought - Rational (ACT-R) is formalized and embedded into the rule-based programming language Constraint Handling Rules (CHR). The powerful analytical methods of CHR, particularly confluence analysis, are extended by reasoning modulo equivalence relations. The results are applied to the domain of cognitive modeling.

Cognitive Science

Cognitive Science Book
Author : Jay Friedenberg,Gordon Silverman,Michael J. Spivey
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2021-09-16
ISBN : 1544380178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive Science provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the study of the mind. The authors examine the mind from the perspective of different fields, including philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, networks, evolution, emotional and social cognition, linguistics, artificial intelligence, robotics, and the new framework of embodied cognition. Each chapter focuses on a particular disciplinary approach and explores methodologies, theories, and empirical findings. Substantially updated with new and expanded content, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest research in this rapidly evolving field.

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology

The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology Book
Author : Ron Sun
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-04-28
ISBN : 0521674107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a definitive reference source for the growing, increasingly more important, and interdisciplinary field of computational cognitive modeling, that is, computational psychology. It combines breadth of coverage with definitive statements by leading scientists in this field. Research in computational cognitive modeling explores the essence of cognition and various cognitive functionalities through developing detailed, process-based understanding by specifying computational mechanisms, structures, and processes. Given the complexity of the human mind and its manifestation in behavioral flexibility, process-based computational models may be necessary to explicate and elucidate the intricate details of the mind. The key to understanding cognitive processes is often in fine details. Computational models provide algorithmic specificity: detailed, exactly specified, and carefully thought-out steps, arranged in precise yet flexible sequences. These models provide both conceptual clarity and precision at the same time. This book substantiates this approach through overviews and many examples.

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science

Philosophy and the Many Faces of Science Book
Author : Dionysios Anapolitanos,Aristeidēs Baltas,Stavroula Tsinorema
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780847681754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of original papers by an international group of distinguished philosophers of science impressively demonstrates the links among the philosophic points of view, areas of focus, and methods of treatment used in examining the many facets of scientific inquiry. It will be an indispensable collection for philosophers of science and scientists of various disciplines, including physicists, neuroscientists, and psychologists.

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society

Proceedings of the Twenty second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Book
Author : Cognitive Science Society (U.S.). Conference
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780805838794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Vol inclu all ppers & postrs presntd at 2000 Cog Sci mtg & summaries of symposia & invitd addresses. Dealg wth issues of representg & modelg cog procsses, appeals to scholars in all subdiscip tht comprise cog sci: psy, compu sci, neuro sci, ling, & philo

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy 4 Volume Set

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy  4 Volume Set Book
Author : Robert T. Craig
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-31
ISBN : 1118290739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy is the definitive single-source reference work on the subject, with state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on key issues from leading international experts. It is available both online and in print. A state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on the key issues raised by communication, covering the history, systematics, and practical potential of communication theory Articles by leading experts offer an unprecedented level of accuracy and balance Provides comprehensive, clear entries which are both cross-national and cross-disciplinary in nature The Encyclopedia presents a truly international perspective with authors and positions representing not just Europe and North America, but also Latin America and Asia Published both online and in print Part of The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication series, published in conjunction with the International Communication Association

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy

A Companion to Experimental Philosophy Book
Author : Justin Sytsma,Wesley Buckwalter
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-05-31
ISBN : 1118661702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a comprehensive collection of essays that explores cutting-edge work in experimental philosophy, a radical new movement that applies quantitative and empirical methods to traditional topics of philosophical inquiry. Situates the discipline within Western philosophy and then surveys the work of experimental philosophers by sub-discipline Contains insights for a diverse range of fields, including linguistics, cognitive science, anthropology, economics, and psychology, as well as almost every area of professional philosophy today Edited by two rising scholars who take a broad and inclusive approach to the field Offers a complete introduction for non-specialists and students to the central approaches, findings, challenges, and controversies in experimental philosophy

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems

Global Perspectives on the Ecology of Human Machine Systems Book
Author : John M. Flach,Peter A. Hancock,Jeff Caird,Kim J. Vicente
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-04-20
ISBN : 1351444654
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a growing consensus in the human factors/ergonomics community that human factors research has had little impact on significant applied problems. Some have suggested that the problem lies in the fact that much HF/E research has been based on the wrong type of psychology, an information processing view of psychology that is reductionistic and context-free. Ecological psychology offers a viable alternative, presenting a richer view of human behavior that is holistic and contextualized. The papers presented in these two volumes show the conceptual impact that ecological psychology can have on HF/E, as well as presenting a number of specific examples illustrating the ecological approach to human-machine systems. It is the first collection of papers that explicitly draws a connection between these two fields. While work in this area is only just beginning, the evidence available suggests that taking an ecological approach to human factors/ergonomics helps bridge the existing gap between basic research and applied problems.

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science

Springer Handbook of Model Based Science Book
Author : Lorenzo Magnani,Tommaso Bertolotti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-22
ISBN : 3319305263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.

Thought Experiments in Science Philosophy and the Arts

Thought Experiments in Science  Philosophy  and the Arts Book
Author : Melanie Frappier,Letitia Meynell,James Robert Brown
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-09-10
ISBN : 1136285997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Lucretius throwing a spear beyond the boundary of the universe to Einstein racing against a beam of light, thought experiments stand as a fascinating challenge to the necessity of data in the empirical sciences. Are these experiments, conducted uniquely in our imagination, simply rhetorical devices or communication tools or are they an essential part of scientific practice? This volume surveys the current state of the debate and explores new avenues of research into the epistemology of thought experiments.

Thought Experiments in Philosophy Science and the Arts

Thought Experiments in Philosophy  Science  and the Arts Book
Author : Mélanie Frappier,Letitia Meynell,James Robert Brown
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0415885442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From Lucretius throwing a spear beyond the boundary of the universe to Einstein racing against a beam of light, thought experiments stand as a fascinating challenge to the necessity of data in the empirical sciences. Are these experiments, conducted uniquely in our imagination, simply rhetorical devices or communication tools or are they an essential part of scientific practice? This volume surveys the current state of the debate and explores new avenues of research into the epistemology of thought experiments.

Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Philosophy and Cognitive Science Book
Author : Lorenzo Magnani,Ping Li
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-13
ISBN : 3642299288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book addresses a number of recent topics at the crossroad of philosophy and cognitive science, taking advantage of both the western and the eastern perspectives and conceptions that emerged and were discussed at the PCS2011 Conference recently held in Guangzhou. The ever growing cultural exchange between academics and intellectual belonging to different cultures is reverberated by the juxtaposition of papers, which aim at investigating new facets of crucial problems in philosophy: the role of models in science and the fictional approach; chance seeking dynamics and how affordances work; abductive cognition; visualization in science; the cognitive structure of scientific theories; scientific representation; mathematical representation in science; model-based reasoning; analogical reasoning; moral cognition; cognitive niches and evolution.