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Experimental Nuclear Reactor Analysis

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Fractional Order Models for Nuclear Reactor Analysis

Fractional Order Models for Nuclear Reactor Analysis Book
Author : Gilberto Espinosa Paredes
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-27
ISBN : 0128236663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fractional-Order Models for Nuclear Reactor Analysis presents fractional modeling issues in the context of anomalous diffusion processes in an accessible and practical way. The book emphasizes the importance of non-Fickian diffusion in heterogeneous systems as the core of the nuclear reactor, as well as different variations of diffusion processes in nuclear reactors which are presented to establish the importance of nuclear and thermohydraulic phenomena and the physical side effects of feedback. In addition, the book analyzes core issues in fractional modeling in nuclear reactors surrounding phenomenological description and important analytical sub-diffusive processes in the transport neutron. Users will find the most innovative modeling techniques of nuclear reactors using operator differentials of fractional order and applications in nuclear design and reactor dynamics. Proposed methods are tested with Boltzmann equations and non-linear order models alongside real data from nuclear power plants, making this a valuable resource for nuclear professionals, researchers and graduate students, as well as those working in nuclear research centers with expertise in mathematical modeling, physics and control. Presents and analyzes a new paradigm of nuclear reactor phenomena with fractional modeling Considers principles of fractional calculation, methods of solving differential equations of fractional order, and their applications Includes methodologies of linear and nonlinear analysis, along with design and dynamic analyses

Physics of Nuclear Reactors

Physics of Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : P. Mohanakrishnan,Om Pal Singh,Umasankari Kannan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-04-15
ISBN : 9780128224410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physics of Nuclear Reactors presents a comprehensive analysis of various facets of nuclear reactor physics, dealing with a variety of reactor type and fuel cycle. Editors Rao, Singh and Kannan, together with their team of expert contributors, combine their wealth of knowledge to guide the reader through a toolkit of methods for solving transport equations, understanding the physics of reactor design principles and developing reactor safety strategies. The inclusion of experimental and operational reactor physics makes this a unique reference for those working and researching nuclear power and the fuel cycle in existing power generation sites and experimental facilities. This book also includes radiation physics and shielding techniques, analyzing shield design, neutron monitoring and core operation. Those involved in the development and operation of nuclear reactors and the fuel cycle will gain a thorough understanding of all elements of nuclear reactor physics and will be able to apply the analysis and solution methods provided to their own work and research. This book looks to future reactors in development and analyses their status alongside challenges they will likely face, before providing worked-through possible solutions. Includes methods for solving neutron transport problems, nuclear cross-section data and solutions of transport theory Dedicates a chapter to reactor safety which covers mitigation, probabilistic safety assessment and uncertainty analysis Covers experimental and operational physics with detail on noise analysis and failed fuel detection

Nuclear Reactors physics Design And Safety Proceedings Of The Workshop

Nuclear Reactors physics  Design And Safety   Proceedings Of The Workshop Book
Author : Gandini A,Schmidt J J,Ganesan S
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1995-10-24
ISBN : 9814548642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The lectures reported in these proceedings were given in the Workshop on Nuclear Reactors — Physics, Design and Safety held at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste in 1994 by experts from leading international research institutions and industries. They have been organized in a self-consistent form with the objective of giving basic, up-dated information to scientists and engineers from developing countries in modern methods for the computation and analysis of nuclear reactors, with particular emphasis on reactor physics, design and safety.

Handbook of Nuclear Engineering

Handbook of Nuclear Engineering Book
Author : Dan Gabriel Cacuci
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-14
ISBN : 0387981306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an authoritative compilation of information regarding methods and data used in all phases of nuclear engineering. Addressing nuclear engineers and scientists at all levels, this book provides a condensed reference on nuclear engineering since 1958.

Nuclear Reaction Data And Nuclear Reactors Physics Design And Safety Proceedings Of The Workshop In 2 Volumes

Nuclear Reaction Data And Nuclear Reactors  Physics  Design And Safety   Proceedings Of The Workshop  In 2 Volumes  Book
Author : Gandini A,Reffo G
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1998-04-30
ISBN : 9814740829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers together contributions by experts from leading international research institutions and industries. The articles have been organized in a self-consistent form, with the objective of giving basic, updated information to scientists and engineers from developing countries on modern methods for the computation and analysis of nuclear reactors, with particular emphasis on reactor physics, design and safety.

Introduction to Nuclear Reactor Physics

Introduction to Nuclear Reactor Physics Book
Author : Robert E. Masterson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1498751504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR REACTOR PHYSICS is the most comprehensive, modern and readable textbook for this course/module. It explains reactors, fuel cycles, radioisotopes, radioactive materials, design, and operation. Chain reaction and fission reactor concepts are presented, plus advanced coverage including neutron diffusion theory. The diffusion equation, Fisk’s Law, and steady state/time-dependent reactor behavior. Numerical and analytical solutions are also covered. The text has full color illustrations throughout, and a wide range of student learning features.

Vin a Institute of Nuclear Science

Vin  a Institute of Nuclear Science Book
Author : Krunoslav Subotić
Publisher : Institut za nuklearne nauke VINČA
Release : 2002-01-01
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

SHORT HISTORICAL NOTE Founded in January 1948 as the Institute for Physics it quickly attracted the attention of young talented university graduates of almost all fields of the natural and engineering sciences. As it grew, its research activities diversified, and by 1953 it had already become a recognized nuclear sciences research center. Its name underwent changes from the Institute for Physics, to the Institute for the Investigation of the Structure of Matter (1950), and to the "Boris Kidrich" Institute of Nuclear Sciences (1953), to arrive to its present name in January 1992. The foundation of the Institute was a reflection of the understanding that science is far too significant for a small developing country to be left to the care of universities alone. Consequently, with generous help from the Government, the growth of the Institute continued until the early Sixties. By then, two research reactors, several well equipped laboratories, and a rich library were put in operation - the Institute became well known and respected. In the late Sixties the Government, mainly for economic reasons, decided to make significant cuts in the national nuclear programme. As a result, a number of the Institute's research activities had to be replaced by research and development programmes associated with the country's industrial development. During the two Research areas Since its foundation in 1948 the basic and applied research activities o f the Institute have dea/t with the peaceful uses o f nuclear energy. They have gradually heen complemented hy research concerning classical aspects ofphysics, chemistry, biology, poxver engineering, environmental protection, electronics, etc. The last decade, heavily affected by the disintegration o f the country, has, to a great extent, been devoted to preservation o f the Institute's research potentials and to maintaining existing connections with the world ofscience. Physics • elementary particle physics • nuclear physics • radiophysics • atomic and molecular physics • solid state physics • plasma physics • theoretical physics Chemistrv Biology • genome typing • genetic epidemiology • immunology • molecular biology • endocrinology • experimental hematology • bioinformatics • radiation chemistry • physical chemistry • analytical chemistry • inorganic chemistry • surface chemistry • colloidal chemistry • kinetics and thermodynamics • radiochemistry • radiopharmacy Radiation Protection • radiation safety and protection • dosimetry • radioactive waste treatment • environmental monitoring • occupational exposure control • decontamination Energy & Nudear Technologies • thermal engineering • thermal power generation • coal combustion • drying • alternative and renewable energy sources • nuclear energy • reactor physics • neutron physics • nuclear safety • nuclear facilities and environment • fast reactor physics • radiation protection • fusion • accellerators • decommissioning of nuclear facilities electronic measurement methods dosimetric measurements design of electronic instrumentation logistics quality computer controlled systems multimedia systems Materials • synthesis of nanoscale powders • powder processing • ceramic, metal and carbon based materials and composites • alloys The Laboratory for Physics was one of the first two research units of the Institute. It was the core whose growth provided the driving force for establishing new research laboratories and extending the scope of work carried out bv the Institute. Today, physics research is carried out in several laboratories. Physics Laboratory of Physics - was established in 1948. In its present form it has been in operation since 1995. The main activities are design, construction and use of the TESLA Accelerator Installation. Main research topics: • elementary particle physics - electron-positron and proton-proton collsions at high energies, electroweak interactions and hadronic physics • nuclear physics - (n, xn) nuclear reactions • radiophysics - production of radioisotopes and radiopharmaceuticals • condensed matter physics - physics of thin crystals • accelerator technologies - design and construction of accelerators Laboratory of Nuclear and Plasma Physics existing in its present form since 1995 and continuing part of the research of the original Laboratory for Physics. Main research topics: • high energy nuclear physics and rare nuclear processes • nuclear physics - methods and instrumentation • nuclear spectroscopy • hyperfine interactions • heavy ion nuclear physics • radioactive nuclear beam physics • design and construction of super conducting magnets, cryostats, microwave systems and ECR ion sources • beam optics • design and construction of solar energy devices Laboratory of Theoretical and Condensed Matter Physics founded in 1969 to bring all theoreticians in the Institute under one roof. Main research topics: • condensed matter physics • magnetism and magnetic materials • crystal structures • atomic and molecular physics • fundamental problems in quantum theory • elementary particle physics and gravitation Laboratory of Radiation Chemistry and Physics From 1976 joint Laboratory of one of the Institute's earliest chemistry departments (Radiation Chemistry) and Solid State Physics founded in 1957 among the first offsprings of the original Physics Laboratory. Main research topics (Physics): • polymer physics • defects in semiconductors • structure and dynamic of condensed systems • radiation modification of polymers • magnetic relaxation in condensed systems Laboratory of Atomic Physics founded in 1965 as an extension of the former Department of Isotope Separation. Main research topics: • collision processes at phase boundaries • physics of condensed matter and new materials • plasma physics in conditions close to KTF • fundamental investigations of physical processes in material vacuum processing • development of experimental and analytical methods for research into fusion plasma • thin films physics • simultaneous filtering of flue gases from S02 and NOx (Chemistry): • radiation chemistry • polymer physical-chemistry • free radicals in biological systems • photochemistry of small colloidal particles • nanostructured materials • radiation modification of polymers • analytical chemistry of organic compounds Chemistry Laboratory of Physical Chemistry existing in its present form since 1966, to a great extent continues the research activities of the original Physical Chemistry Laboratory. • chemi-sensors Main research topics: • chemistry of isotopes • mass spectrometry and high temperature chemistry • laser chemistry • complex compound and analytical chemistry • applied electrochemistry • multichannel emission spectrometers • gas lasers • optical spectroscopy • nanostructured materials Chemical Dynamics Laboratory grew out of the Department for Spent Fuel Reprocessing (Hot Laboratory) in 1956. A part of the laboratory is the Continuous Education Center, founded in 1958 as the School for Isotopes. Main research topics: • chemistry of separation processes • surface and colloidal chemistry • nanostructured materials • preparation and characterization of inorganic materials • chemical thermodynamics and thermo chemistry • analytical chemistry • physical chemistry of fast processes The first Physical Chemistry Laboratory was established in 1948. Later on other chemistry oriented departments were formed such as Radiation Chemistry, Hot laboratory and Chemical Dynamics. Chemistry has been represented to a large extent in other areas like Radiation Protection and Materials Science. Laboratory for Radioisotopes - the radioisotope programme was originally

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Analysis Codes

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Analysis Codes Book
Author : Jun Wang,Xin Li,Chris Allison,Judy Hohorst
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 0128181915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nuclear Power Plant Design and Analysis Codes: Development, Validation, and Application presents the latest research on the most widely used nuclear codes and the wealth of successful accomplishments which have been achieved over the past decades by experts in the field. Editors Wang, Li,Allison, and Hohorst and their team of authors provide readers with a comprehensive understanding of nuclear code development and how to apply it to their work and research to make their energy production more flexible, economical, reliable and safe. Written in an accessible and practical way, each chapter considers strengths and limitations, data availability needs, verification and validation methodologies and quality assurance guidelines to develop thorough and robust models and simulation tools both inside and outside a nuclear setting. This book benefits those working in nuclear reactor physics and thermal-hydraulics, as well as those involved in nuclear reactor licensing. It also provides early career researchers with a solid understanding of fundamental knowledge of mainstream nuclear modelling codes, as well as the more experienced engineers seeking advanced information on the best solutions to suit their needs. Captures important research conducted over last few decades by experts and allows new researchers and professionals to learn from the work of their predecessors Presents the most recent updates and developments, including the capabilities, limitations, and future development needs of all codes Incudes applications for each code to ensure readers have complete knowledge to apply to their own setting.

Thermal Design of Nuclear Reactors

Thermal Design of Nuclear Reactors Book
Author : R. H. S. Winterton
Publisher : Pergamon
Release : 1981
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of reactor physics -- Reactor systems -- Fuel-road design -- Forced-convection heat transfer -- Boiling heat transfer -- Fluid flow -- Safety analysis -- Core thermohydraulic design -- Steam cycles -- Fusion reactors -- Temperature distribution following sudden total loss of cooling -- Properties of coolants -- Conversion factors -- Answers to selected problems.