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Experimental Characterization Predictive Mechanical And Thermal Modeling Of Nanostructures And Their Polymer Composite

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Experimental Characterization Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composites

Experimental Characterization  Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composites Book
Author : Francesco Marotti De Sciarra,Pietro Russo
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-03-23
ISBN : 0323480624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experimental Characterization, Predictive Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Nanostructures and Their Polymer Composite focuses on the recent observations and predictions regarding the size-dependent mechanical properties, material properties and processing issues of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and other nanostructured materials. The book takes various approaches, including dedicated characterization methods, theoretical approaches and computer simulations, providing a detailed examination of the fundamental mechanisms governing the deviations of the properties of CNTs and other nanostructured materials. The book explores their applications in materials science, mechanics, engineering, chemistry and physics due to their unique and appealing properties. The use of such materials is, however, still largely limited due to the difficulty in tuning their properties and morphological and structural features. Presents a thorough discussion on how to effectively model the properties of carbon nanotubes and their polymer nanocomposites Includes a size-dependent analysis of properties and multiscale modeling Outlines the fundamentals and procedures of computational modeling as it is applied to carbon nanotubes and other nanomaterials

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Lothar Kroll
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-09-01
ISBN : 0429520824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive account of developments in the area of lightweight polymer composites. It encompasses design and manufacturing methods for the lightweight polymer structures, various techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. The book highlights fundamental research in lightweight polymer structures and integrates various aspects from synthesis to applications of these materials. Features Serves as a one stop reference with contributions from leading researchers from industry, academy, government, and private research institutions across the globe Explores all important aspects of lightweight polymer composite structures Offers an update of concepts, advancements, challenges, and application of lightweight structures Current status, trends, future directions, and opportunities are discussed, making it friendly for both new and experienced researchers.

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials Book
Author : Pedro Costa,Carlos M Costa,Senentxu Lanceros-Mendez
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-19
ISBN : 0128185023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Lightweight Multifunctional Materials presents the current state-of-the-art on multifunctional materials research, focusing on different morphologies and their preparation and applications. The book emphasizes recent advances on these types of materials as well as their application. Chapters cover porous multifunctional materials, thermochromic and thermoelectric materials, shape memory materials, piezoelectric multifunctional materials, electrochromic and electrorheological, soft materials, magnetic and photochromic materials, and more. The book will be a valuable reference resource for academic researchers and industrial engineers working in the design and manufacture of multifunctional materials, composites and nanocomposites. Provides detailed information on design, modeling and structural applications Focuses on characteristics, processing, design and applications Discusses the main types of lightweight multifunctional materials and processing techniques, as well as the physico-chemical insights that can lead to improved performance

Modeling and Prediction of Polymer Nanocomposite Properties

Modeling and Prediction of Polymer Nanocomposite Properties Book
Author : Vikas Mittal
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-12-07
ISBN : 3527644350
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book series 'Polymer Nano-, Micro- and Macrocomposites' provides complete and comprehensive information on all important aspects of polymer composite research and development, including, but not limited to synthesis, filler modification, modeling, characterization as well as application and commercialization issues. Each book focuses on a particular topic and gives a balanced in-depth overview of the respective subfi eld of polymer composite science and its relation to industrial applications. With the books the readers obtain dedicated resources with information relevant to their research, thereby helping to save time and money. This book lays the theoretical foundations and emphasizes the close connection between theory and experiment to optimize models and real-life procedures for the various stages of polymer composite development. As such, it covers quantum-mechanical approaches to understand the chemical processes on an atomistic level, molecular mechanics simulations to predict the filler surface dynamics, finite element methods to investigate the macro-mechanical behavior, and thermodynamic models to assess the temperature stability. The whole is rounded off by a look at multiscale models that can simulate properties at various length and time scales in one go - and with predictive accuracy.

Modeling and Experimental Characterization of Nanocomposite Materials

Modeling and Experimental Characterization of Nanocomposite Materials Book
Author : Homayoun Hadavinia
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-04-15
ISBN : 3039286323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue gathers research from different branches of science and engineering disciplines working on experiments and modelling of nanocomposites into one volume. The Guest Editor welcomes papers dedicated to experimental, computational, and theoretical aspects dealing with many important state-of-the-art technologies and methodologies regarding the synthesis, fabrication, characterization, properties, design, and applications, and both finite element analysis and molecular dynamic simulations, of nanocomposite materials and structures. Full papers covering novel topics, extending the frontiers of the science and technology of nanoreinforced composites are encouraged. Reviews covering topics of major interest will be also considered.

Properties and Characterization of Modern Materials

Properties and Characterization of Modern Materials Book
Author : Andreas Öchsner,Holm Altenbach
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-30
ISBN : 981101602X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on robust characterization and prediction methods for materials in technical applications as well as the materials’ safety features during operation. In particular, it presents methods for reliably predicting material properties, an aspect that is becoming increasingly important as engineering materials are pushed closer and closer to their limits to boost the performance of machines and structures. To increase their engineering value, components are now designed under the consideration of their multiphysical properties and functions, which requires much more intensive investigation and characterization of these materials. The materials covered in this monograph range from metal-based groups such as lightweight alloys, to advanced high-strength steels and modern titanium alloys. Furthermore, a wide range of polymers and composite materials (e.g. with micro- and nanoparticles or fibres) is covered. The book explores methods for property prediction from classical mechanical characterization-related fields of application, for example, from wear, creep, fatigue and crack growth, to specific surface properties, to dielectric and electrochemical values. As in all fields of modern engineering, the process is often accompanied by numerical simulation and optimization.

ICCS19 19th International Conference on Composite Structures

ICCS19 19th International Conference on Composite Structures Book
Author : Antonio J.M. Ferreira
Publisher : Società Editrice Esculapio
Release : 2016-08-01
ISBN : 8874889771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nowadays, it is quite easy to see various applications of fibrous composites, functionally graded materials, laminated composite, nano-structured reinforcement, morphing composites, in many engineering fields, such as aerospace, mechanical, naval and civil engineering. The increase in the use of composite structures in different engineering practices justify the present international meeting where researches from every part of the globe can share and discuss the recent advancements regarding the use of standard structural components within advanced applications such as buckling, vibrations, repair, reinforcements, concrete, composite laminated materials and more recent metamaterials. For this reason, the establishment of this 19th edition of International Conference on Composite Structures has appeared appropriate to continue what has been begun during the previous editions. ICCS wants to be an occasion for many researchers from each part of the globe to meet and discuss about the recent advancements regarding the use of composite structures, sandwich panels, nanotechnology, bio-composites, delamination and fracture, experimental methods, manufacturing and other countless topics that have filled many sessions during this conference. As a proof of this event, which has taken place in Porto (Portugal), selected plenary and keynote lectures have been collected in the present book.

Characterization of Nanocomposites

Characterization of Nanocomposites Book
Author : Frank Abdi,Mohit Garg
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-31
ISBN : 1315341247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These days, advanced multiscale hybrid materials are being produced in the industry, studied by universities, and used in several applications. Unlike for macromaterials, it is difficult to obtain the physical, mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties of nanomaterials because of the scale. Designers, however, must have knowledge of these properties to perform any finite element analysis or durability and damage tolerance analysis. This is the book that brings this knowledge within easy reach. What makes the book unique is the fact that its approach that combines multiscale multiphysics and statistical analysis with multiscale progressive failure analysis. The combination gives a very powerful tool for minimizing tests, improving accuracy, and understanding the effect of the statistical nature of materials, in addition to the mechanics of advanced multiscale materials, all the way to failure. The book focuses on obtaining valid mechanical properties of nanocomposite materials by accurate prediction and observed physical tests, as well as by evaluation of test anomalies of advanced multiscale nanocomposites containing nanoparticles of different shapes, such as chopped fiber, spherical, and platelet, in polymeric, ceramic, and metallic materials. The prediction capability covers delamination, fracture toughness, impact resistance, conductivity, and fire resistance of nanocomposites. The methodology employs a high-fidelity procedure backed with comparison of predictions with test data for various types of static, fatigue, dynamic, and crack growth problems. Using the proposed approach, a good correlation between the simulation and experimental data is established.

International Aerospace Abstracts

International Aerospace Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Aerospace Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cellulose Nanocrystal Nanoparticles Hybrid Nanocomposites

Cellulose Nanocrystal Nanoparticles Hybrid Nanocomposites Book
Author : Denis Rodrigue,Abou el Kacem Qaiss,Rachid Bouhfid
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-09-01
ISBN : 0128230908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cellulose Nanocrystal/Nanoparticles Hybrid Nanocomposites: From Preparation to Applications presents a broad survey of the main innovations in the field of functionalized cellulose at the nanoscale and for hybrid nanoparticles-based nanocomposites for industrial application. The book covers the properties and applications of cellulose, including particle extraction, synthesis, functionalization of cellulose at the nanoscale, and hybrid nanoparticles and their processing and characterizations. Readers will find this to be a single and comprehensive reference for future research on polymer-based nanocomposites. Hybrid nanocomposites based on cellulose at the nanoscale, and hybridized with other reinforcement agents represent a key advance in polymer-based materials. Cellulose is considered the most abundant polymer on the planet and an essential renewable resource. There is considerable research interest in the simple extraction and synthesis, nanoscale dimensions, high aspect ratio, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of cellulose at the nanoscale and its hybridized materials. Nanocomposites and bio-nanocomposites with hybrid reinforcements, for example, are novel materials with enhanced properties due to the integration of cellulose with other nanoparticles, and new methods have been developed to extract cellulose at the nanoscale. The extracted cellulose shows potential applications in nanocomposites, and functionalization techniques are essential to create enhanced nanocomposites, particularly for hybrid nanoparticles. Presents the state-of-the-art in functionalized cellulose at the nanoscale, along with industrial applications of hybrid-nanoparticles-based nanocomposites Details the properties and applications of cellulose at the nanoscale and for hybrid nanocomposites Gives updates on hybrid nanoparticles, including the processing and characterization of nanocomposites Brings together expertise from chemistry, polymer science, engineering and manufacturing

Composites Industry Abstracts

Composites Industry Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Composites Industry Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lists citations with abstracts for aerospace related reports obtained from world wide sources and announces documents that have recently been entered into the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Database.

MULTI SCALE CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELLING OF NANOSILICA REINFORCED CARBON EPOXY COMPOSITES FOR FILAMENT WOUND STRUCTURES

MULTI SCALE CHARACTERIZATION AND MODELLING OF NANOSILICA REINFORCED CARBON EPOXY COMPOSITES FOR FILAMENT WOUND STRUCTURES  Book
Author : Aniruddh Vashisth
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fiber reinforced composite driveshaft are seen as an attractive replacement for metallic driveshaft in helicopters. Rigid matrix composite (RMC) are composites reinforced with a strong fiber such as carbon fibers in a rigid matrix such as an epoxy. Matrix plays an important role in the determining the properties of the fiber composites, for instance mechanical and thermal properties can be tailored by changing molecular structure of the polymer matrix or incorporating nanoparticles in the matrix. The objective of this research is to evaluate, experimentally and analytically, at multiple length scales, the effects of adding spherical nanosilica (NS) particles on the thermomechanical properties of carbon/epoxy composites. Starting from a molecular scale, a novel thermodynamically fundamental mechanism is developed that simulates the cross-linking of epoxide and an aromatic amine (DETDA) curing agent. Good agreement between the simulations and the experimental results were seen for tensile modulus, glass transition temperature, and mass density. The complete simulation procedure, including cross-linking, equilibration and testing of the polymer, was carried out using reactive force fields.Epoxies cured with three different curing agents (3,3-diaminodiphenylsulfone (DDS), 4-4-DDS, and DETDA) were included in all the experiments. Epoxies with variable concentrations of NS were mechanically characterized for modulus, fracture toughness, density, and glass transition temperature. The addition of NS improved the modulus and fracture toughness, although it also decreased the glass transition temperature slightly, possibly due to the diluent component of the master batch of NS-filled bis F. This investigation provides, for the first time, a full set of 2-D lamina properties of T700 carbon fiber composites with 0 wt % NS (0NS) and 37 wt % NS (37NS) cured with DETDA. Equations for predicting the 2D properties as functions of NS and carbon fiber contents were developed using micromechanics principals and backed-out properties of T700 fibers. At the lamina level, NS increased the longitudinal and transverse compression strengths and descreased the transverse coefficient of thermal expansion, which are beneficial for overall composite performance. Using these predictive equations, a simple design exercise was conducted for []5 carbon/epoxy driveshafts with and without NS, considering strength, buckling, torsional stiffness, and whirl. The use of NS improved the safety factors for strength, buckling, and torsional stiffness for all ply angles. However, using NS increased the weight of the shaft and consequently reduced the safety factor for whirl at ply angles less than approximately 60 degrees, which is the realm where NS does not significantly increase the bending stiffness of the shaft due to the dominating effect of the fibers.Tubular specimens with 0, 15, 25 and 34 wt % NS cured with 4,4DDS and 0 and 37 wt % NS cured with DETDA were ballistically impacted at normal incidence and evaluated for damage area and residual torsional strength. This is the first study on NS-filled composites with ballistic impact where the projectile punctures through the composite. Incoporating NS into the composite decreased the projected damage area, increased the residual torsional strength, and increased the energy absorption per unit projected damage area. Specimens manufactured with 15NS/DDS and 25NS/DDS exhibited the highest residual strengths. An analytical model was developed to calculate the damage area and residual projectile velocity after normal-incidence impact. This model is an extension of a previous energy-based model for cross-ply laminates, with original modifications developed for angle plies and dual walls. Good agreement between the experimental and analytical residual velocities was obtained. Analytical and experimental damage areas display a similar trend with NS content, but the analytical damage areas were always less than the experimental areas. Tubular specimens with 0 and 15 wt % NS with DETDA curing agent were obliquely impacted with a ballistic projectile and subjected to residual torsional strength testing. No significant change in damage area or residual torsional strength was seen in these experiments, indicating a negligible effect of NS in an impact scenario where the oblique path of the projectile, rather than the toughness of the composite, is the main factor affecting the size of the damage zone.

Microscopy Methods in Nanomaterials Characterization

Microscopy Methods in Nanomaterials Characterization Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Raju Thomas,Ajesh K Zachariah,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-17
ISBN : 0323461476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microscopy Methods in Nanomaterials Characterization fills an important gap in the literature with a detailed look at microscopic and X-ray based characterization of nanomaterials. These microscopic techniques are used for the determination of surface morphology and the dispersion characteristics of nanomaterials. This book deals with the detailed discussion of these aspects, and will provide the reader with a fundamental understanding of morphological tools, such as instrumentation, sample preparation and different kinds of analyses, etc. In addition, it covers the latest developments and trends morphological characterization using a variety of microscopes. Materials scientists, materials engineers and scientists in related disciplines, including chemistry and physics, will find this to be a detailed, method-orientated guide to microscopy methods of nanocharacterization. Takes a method-orientated approach that includes case studies that illustrate how to carry out each characterization technique Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each microscopy characterization technique, giving the reader greater understanding of conditions for different techniques Presents an in-depth discussion of each technique, allowing the reader to gain a detailed understanding of each

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites

Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites Book
Author : R M Guedes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-11-29
ISBN : 0857090437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Creep is the tendency of materials to deform when subjected to long-term stress, particularly when exposed to heat. Fatigue phenomena occur when a material is subjected to cyclic loading, causing damage which may progress to failure. Both are critical factors in the long-term performance and reliability of materials such as polymer matrix composites which are often exposed to these types of stress in civil engineering and other applications. This important book reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. The first part of the book reviews the modelling of viscoelastic and viscoplastic behaviour as a way of predicting performance and service life. Part two discusses techniques for modelling creep rupture and failure. The final part of the book discusses ways of testing and predicting long-term creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Creep and Fatigue in Polymer Matrix Composites is a standard reference for all those researching and using polymer matrix composites in such areas as civil engineering. Reviews the latest research in modelling and predicting creep and fatigue in polymer matrix composites A specific focus on viscoelestic and viscoplastic modelling features the time-temperature-age superposition principle for predicting long-term response Creep rupture and damage interaction is examined with particular focus on time-dependent failure criteria for lifetime prediction of polymer matrix composite structures illustrated using experimental cases

Engineered Materials Abstracts

Engineered Materials Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Engineered Materials Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Theory and Modeling of Polymer Nanocomposites

Theory and Modeling of Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Valeriy V. Ginzburg,Lisa M. Hall
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 3030604438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume brings together the state of the art in polymer nanocomposite theory and modeling, creating a roadmap for scientists and engineers seeking to design new advanced materials. The book opens with a review of molecular and mesoscale models predicting equilibrium and non-equilibrium nanoscale structure of hybrid materials as a function of composition and, especially, filler types. Subsequent chapters cover the methods and analyses used for describing the dynamics of nanocomposites and their mechanical and physical properties. Dedicated chapters present best practices for predicting materials properties of practical interest, including thermal and electrical conductivity, optical properties, barrier properties, and flammability. Each chapter is written by leading academic and industrial scientists working in each respective sub-field. The overview of modeling methodology combined with detailed examples of property predictions for specific systems will make this book useful for academic and industrial practitioners alike.

Advances in Polymer Materials and Technology

Advances in Polymer Materials and Technology Book
Author : Anandhan Srinivasan,Sri Bandyopadhyay
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-08-19
ISBN : 1315353881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are the only material that can act as matrices for the incorporation of the widest range of ceramics, nanotubes, nanoparticles, as well as a variety of short and continuous fibres, to create new building and structural materials. Polymer science and technology is a fast growing and dynamic area of study. With this in mind, the author has followed a multidisciplinary approach covering major contemporary advancements in the subject. Largely self-contained, the book includes all essential aspects of the topic such as: polymer nanocomposites, electrospinning, and polymers in electronic applications. It offers extensive guidance on fly-ash-based polymer composites, conducting polymers, shape memory polymers, and thermoset polymer nanocomposites. There is also a review chapter on thermoplastic elastomers based on block copolymers and dynamically cured rubber-plastic blends. Ferroelectric polymer nanocomposites, polymer-based dielectrics, organic field effect transistors, super hydrophobic polymers, and biopolymers are also extensively covered. The content has been classified into six sections of polymer materials and technology: novel polymer composites, nano polymer technology, micro-macro-nano testing and characterization of polymers, speciality polymers, bio-based and biocompatible polymer materials, and new polymer applications. The book is aimed specifically at graduate students and researchers engaged in the study of polymer science and engineering and generically at those studying mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, materials science, and engineering, as well as related industry professionals.

Thermal and Rheological Measurement Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization

Thermal and Rheological Measurement Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Raju Thomas,Ajesh K Zachariah,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-23
ISBN : 032346145X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermal and Rheological Measurement Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization, Second Edition covers thermal and rheological measurement techniques, including their principle working methods, sample preparation and interpretation of results. This important reference is an ideal source for materials scientists and industrial engineers who are working with nanomaterials and need to know how to determine their properties and behaviors. Outlines key characterization techniques to determine the thermal and rheological behavior of different nanomaterials Explains how the thermal and rheological behavior of nanomaterials affect their usage Provides a method-orientated approach that explains how to successfully use each technique

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites Book
Author : Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-01
ISBN : 3030053997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.