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Experimental And Quasi Experimental Designs

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Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research

Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research Book
Author : Donald T. Campbell,Julian C. Stanley
Publisher : Ravenio Books
Release : 2015-09-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We shall examine the validity of 16 experimental designs against 12 common threats to valid inference. By experiment we refer to that portion of research in which variables are manipulated and their effects upon other variables observed. It is well to distinguish the particular role of this chapter. It is not a chapter on experimental design in the Fisher (1925, 1935) tradition, in which an experimenter having complete mastery can schedule treatments and measurements for optimal statistical efficiency, with complexity of design emerging only from that goal of efficiency. Insofar as the designs discussed in the present chapter become complex, it is because of the intransigency of the environment: because, that is, of the experimenter’s lack of complete control.

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Generalized Causal Inference Book
Author : WS. SHADISH,William R. Shadish,Thomas D. Cook,Donald Thomas Campbell
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sections include: experiments and generalised causal inference; statistical conclusion validity and internal validity; construct validity and external validity; quasi-experimental designs that either lack a control group or lack pretest observations on the outcome; quasi-experimental designs that use both control groups and pretests; quasi-experiments: interrupted time-series designs; regresssion discontinuity designs; randomised experiments: rationale, designs, and conditions conducive to doing them; practical problems 1: ethics, participation recruitment and random assignment; practical problems 2: treatment implementation and attrition; generalised causal inference: a grounded theory; generalised causal inference: methods for single studies; generalised causal inference: methods for multiple studies; a critical assessment of our assumptions.

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi Experimental Designs

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi Experimental Designs Book
Author : William M. Holmes
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2013-06-10
ISBN : 1483310817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using Propensity Scores in Quasi-Experimental Designs, by William M. Holmes, examines how propensity scores can be used to reduce bias with different kinds of quasi-experimental designs and to fix or improve broken experiments. Requiring minimal use of matrix and vector algebra, the book covers the causal assumptions of propensity score estimates and their many uses, linking these uses with analysis appropriate for different designs. Thorough coverage of bias assessment, propensity score estimation, and estimate improvement is provided, along with graphical and statistical methods for this process. Applications are included for analysis of variance and covariance, maximum likelihood and logistic regression, two-stage least squares, generalized linear regression, and general estimation equations. The examples use public data sets that have policy and programmatic relevance across a variety of disciplines.

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Research

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Research Book
Author : Donald Thomas Campbell,Julian C. Stanley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Research book written by Donald Thomas Campbell,Julian C. Stanley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research

Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research Book
Author : Donald & Stanley Campbell (Julian)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-06-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Research book written by Donald & Stanley Campbell (Julian), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Quasi Experimental Design and Analysis

Advances in Quasi Experimental Design and Analysis Book
Author : William M. K. Trochim
Publisher : Jossey-Bass
Release : 1986-11-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intent of this volume of New Directions for Program Evaluation is to update, even to alter, our thinking about quasi-experimentation in applied social research and program evaluation. This volume makes the case that we have moved beyond the traditional thinking on quasi-experiments as a collection of specific designs and threats to validity toward a more integrated, synthetic view of quasi-experimentation as part of a general logical epistemological framework for research. This is the 31st issue of New Directions for Program Evaluation. For more information on the series, please see the Journals and Periodicals page.

Quasi Experimental Research Designs

Quasi Experimental Research Designs Book
Author : Bruce A. Thyer
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-02-02
ISBN : 0199908745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is usually the case that ethical and pragmatic considerations preclude the use of randomly assigning social work clients to experimental and comparative treatment conditions. In such instances, the practicality of employing a quasi-experimental method becomes an excellent alternative. Quasi-experimental research designs allow researchers to compare groups, and the use of increasingly sophisticated programs provides greater statistical control for what has become the most widely employed research approach used to evaluate the outcomes of social work programs and policies. This pocket guide describes the logic, design, and conduct of the range of such designs, encompassing pre-experiments, quasi-experiments making use of a control or comparison group, and time-series designs. An introductory chapter describes the valuable role these types of studies have played in social work, from the 1930s to the present. Subsequent chapters delve into each design type's major features, the kinds of questions it is capable of answering, and its strengths and limitations. By linking the theoretical discussion of quasi-experimental designs with actual applications in social work literature, the usefulness and vitality of these research methods comes alive for readers. While this book can be utilized as a manual, it will also have great value for practitioners seeking a greater conceptual understanding of quasi-experimental studies in social work literature. Human service professionals planning to undertake a program evaluation of their agency's services will find this book helpful in understanding the steps and actions needed to adopt a quasi-experimental strategy.

Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Field Research

Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Field Research Book
Author : William R. Shadish
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2011-04-01
ISBN : 9780805848250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Experimental and Quasi Experimental Designs for Field Research book written by William R. Shadish, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Canadian Essentials of Nursing Research

Canadian Essentials of Nursing Research Book
Author : Joanne Profetto-McGrath,Denise F. Polit,Cheryl Tatano Beck
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2010-01-01
ISBN : 160547729X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Completely revised With timely content and state-of-the-art research undertaken by Canadian nurse researchers, the Third Edition of this trusted resource provides the guidance you need to effectively critique every aspect of nursing research and apply the results to clinical practice. Canadian Essentials of Nursing Research uses clear, straightforward language and a "user-friendly" presentation to help you understand, retain, and apply fundamental concepts with ease." --Book Jacket.

Introduction to Social Research

Introduction to Social Research Book
Author : Keith F Punch
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2005-04-23
ISBN : 9780761944171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Introduction to Social Research' presents the essential elements of both qualitative and quantitative approaches for conducting empirical research in the social sciences.

Nursing Research Reading Using and Creating Evidence

Nursing Research  Reading  Using and Creating Evidence Book
Author : Houser
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2016-12-14
ISBN : 1284110044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This fully updated Second Edition of Nursing Research fills the need for a research text that addresses both traditional content as well as focusing on nursing research as it is used in evidence-based practice, in systematic reviews, and in the development of clinical practice guidelines. This book will address each issue by using a framework for the chapters that is based on an evidence-based practice approach to reading, using, and conducting nursing research. The perfect resource for BSN courses! -- Provided by publisher.

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Research on Teaching

Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Research on Teaching Book
Author : Donald Thomas Campbell,Julian C. Stanley
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1963
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Experimental and Quasi experimental Designs for Research on Teaching book written by Donald Thomas Campbell,Julian C. Stanley, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advanced Design in Nursing Research

Advanced Design in Nursing Research Book
Author : Pamela J. Brink
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780803958005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Second Edition of the bestselling Advanced Design in Nursing Research has been substantially revised and reorganized. Using the principle that the level of knowledge available on a research topic determines the level of design that can be used to study the topic, the contributors present discussions of research at three levels of design: theoretically based experimental designs; comparative and correlated survey designs; and exploratory-descriptive research designs. Strengths and weaknesses of each design in sampling, methods, reliability, validity, data analysis and issues related to human subjects are addressed. Contributors also discuss writing and evaluating proposals.

Clinical Research

Clinical Research Book
Author : Manfred Stommel,Celia Wills
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780781735186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique textbook integrates statistical concepts into evidence-based clinical practice and patient management. Research concepts and techniques are drawn from epidemiology, bio-statistics, and psychometrics, as well as educational and social science research. Clinical examples throughout the text illustrate practical and scientifically sound applications of the concepts. Data tables and research vignettes highlight statistical distributions involving probability. Methods to locate and utilize web-based information relevant to clinical research are discussed, and web URLs are provided. Further learning is encouraged by the inclusion of suggested activities, recommended readings, references, and a comprehensive glossary of research terms. Additional resources are available at a Connection Website, connection.LWW.com/go/stommel.

Investigating the Social World

Investigating the Social World Book
Author : Russell K. Schutt
Publisher : Pine Forge Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9781412969406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most successful social research text to have been published in a generation has been updated and revised in this new Sixth Edition! This innovative, up-to-date, and popular text makes research come alive through research stories that illustrate the methods presented in each chapter, with hands-on exercises to help students learn by doing. Author Russell K. Schutt helps readers connect technique and substance, understand research methods as an integrated whole, appreciate the value of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and make ethical research decisions.New to the Sixth Edition:Updates and Revisions: Research examples have been updated throughout the text, with many that have been added from international researchers. All end-of-chapter exercise sets have been updated. Techniques for searching and reviewing the literature and Web sites have been updated and more guidance is provided on writing the literature review. In addition, many chapters have been streamlined and reorganized for greater clarity, including those on measurement and causation and research design.Secondary Data Analysis and Content Analysis: A new chapter introduces the logic and limitations of secondary data analysis, available data sources, procedures for using ICPSR datasets, the Human Relations Area Files, and more information on content analysis.Qualitative Data Analysis: New sections have been added on conversation analysis, ethnomethodology, case-oriented understanding, and visual sociology. A special section on computer-assisted qualitative data analysis introduces the HyperRESEARCH software that accompanies the text.Theories and Philosophies for Research: A revised and streamlined chapter uses international research on immigration and ethnic conflict to illustrate functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism and to contrast positivist and interpretivist research philosophies. Unique among methods texts, this chapter emphasizes the importance of social theory and research philosophy as a foundation for social research.Research Ethics: New sections have been added in some chapters and the discussion of the role of the IRB in the third chapter has been expanded.Accompanied by High-Quality Ancillaries!Instructors' Resource CD-ROM: provides test questions, PowerPoint slides for lectures, suggested assignments, and a review of course organization options.Student Study Site at www.pineforge.com//isw5: includes journal articles, flash cards for practicing terminology, online quizzes, and much more!Now with interactive exercises on the study site (from the student CD) - for easier access and use by studentsStudent Resources CD: bundled with the book, contains wide-ranging data sets and interactive exercises to help students master concepts and techniques.HyperRESEARCH software: includes software for qualitative data analysis.

Quasi experimentation

Quasi experimentation Book
Author : Thomas D. Cook,Donald Thomas Campbell
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents some quasi-experimental designs and design features that can be used in many social research settings. The designs serve to probe causal hypotheses about a wide variety of substantive issues in both basic and applied research. Each design is assessed in terms of four types of validity, with special stress on internal validity. Although general conclusions are drawn about the strengths and limitations of each design, emphasis is also placed on the fact that the relevant threats to valid inference are specific to each research setting. Consequently, a threat that is usually associated with a particular design need not invariably be associated with that design.

Bennett Brachman s Hospital Infections

Bennett   Brachman s Hospital Infections Book
Author : John V. Bennett,William Robert Jarvis,Philip S. Brachman
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780781763837
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The most influential reference in the field for nearly thirty years, Bennett and Brachman's Hospital Infections is in its thoroughly updated Fifth Edition. Written by internationally recognized experts—many affiliated with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention—the book is the most comprehensive, up-to-date, authoritative guide to the recognition, management, prevention, and control of infections in all types of healthcare facilities. More than half of this edition's chapters have new authors who are current experts in the field. Important new chapters cover patient safety, public reporting, controlling antimicrobial-resistant pathogens (especially MRSA and VRE), fungi, and healthcare-associated infections caused by newer treatments such as invasive cardiology. This edition has a new two-color design.

Encyclopedia of Primary Prevention and Health Promotion

Encyclopedia of Primary Prevention and Health Promotion Book
Author : Thomas P. Gullotta,Martin Bloom
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-01-31
ISBN : 9780306472961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foundational topics such as history, ethics, and principles of primary prevention, as well as specific issues such as consultation, political issues, and financing. The second section addresses such topics as abuse, depression, eating disorders, HIV/AIDS, injuries, and religion and spirituality often dividing such topics into separate entries addressing childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.

Research Methods in Health Promotion

Research Methods in Health Promotion Book
Author : Laura F. Salazar,Richard A. Crosby,Ralph J. DiClemente
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-18
ISBN : 1118448448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The bestselling textbook to understanding health research,updated and expanded Research Methods in Health Promotion provides studentsand practitioners with essential knowledge and skills regarding thedesign, implementation, analysis, and interpretation of research inthe field of health promotion. Now in its second edition, thisbestselling textbook has been updated with more recent researchmethodologies and additional information on sampling, participatoryand survey research, and qualitative data analysis. The entireresearch process is covered, with specific points relating to bothqualitative and quantitative research. By breaking the dauntingprocess of research into simple and well-defined steps, thisuser-friendly text encourages students to think about research as asequential process and provides explanations that facilitate betterunderstanding of each step in the research process. A separate setof chapters cover the more quantitative methodological areasincluding designs, measurement, sampling, and data analysis indepth, giving readers the understanding they need to apply inpractice. This book also provides applied chapters that illustrate thepractical aspects of the research process, along with othercritical information including grant writing and scientificwriting. Evaluate the ethics, design, analysis, and interpretation ofresearch Identify and understand the key components of researchstudies Analyze and interpret the results of experimental and surveyresearch designs Understand the process of publishing a research report andconstructing a grant proposal Research Methods in Health Promotion is ideal for bothundergrad and graduate methods courses in health promotion andpublic health.

The Practice of Health Program Evaluation

The Practice of Health Program Evaluation Book
Author : David Grembowski
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2001-04-13
ISBN : 9780761918479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As more and more money is spent developing programs and services to solve health problems, how can one know if a specific health program works or what it would take to improve it? Aimed at addressing this issue, The Practice of Health Program Evaluation provides readers with the methods to evaluate health programs and the expertise to navigate the political terrain so as to work more effectively with decision makers and other groups. To convey these principles, Grembowski uses the metaphor of evaluation being a three-act play with a variety of actors and interest groups, each having a role that involves entering and exiting the "stage" at different points in the evaluation process.