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Exergy

Exergy Book
Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Marc A. Rosen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-12-11
ISBN : 0128243937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exergy: Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, Third Edition provides a systematic overview of new and developed systems, new practical examples, problems and case studies on several key topics ranging from the basics of thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications. With an ancillary online package and solutions manual, this reference connects exergy with three essential areas in terms of energy, environment and sustainable development. As such, it is a thorough reference for professionals who are solving problems related to design, analysis, modeling and assessment. Connects exergy with three essential areas in terms of energy, environment and sustainable development Provides a number of illustrative examples, practical applications and case studies Written in an easy-to-follow style, starting from the basics to advanced systems

Chemical Energy and Exergy

Chemical Energy and Exergy Book
Author : Norio Sato
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-04-14
ISBN : 9780444516459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a beginners introduction to chemical thermodynamics for engineers. In the textbook efforts have been made to visualize as clearly as possible the main concepts of thermodynamic quantities such as enthalpy and entropy, thus making them more perceivable. Furthermore, intricate formulae in thermodynamics have been discussed as functionally unified sets of formulae to understand their meaning rather than to mathematically derive them in detail. In this textbook, the affinity of irreversible processes, defined by the second law of thermodynamics, has been treated as the main subject, rather than the equilibrium of chemical reactions. The concept of affinity is applicable in general not only to the processes of chemical reactions but also to all kinds of irreversible processes. This textbook also includes electrochemical thermodynamics in which, instead of the classical phenomenological approach, molecular science provides an advanced understanding of the reactions of charged particles such as ions and electrons at the electrodes. Recently, engineering thermodynamics has introduced a new thermodynamic potential called exergy, which essentially is related to the concept of the affinity of irreversible processes. This textbook discusses the relation between exergy and affinity and explains the exergy balance diagram and exergy vector diagram applicable to exergy analyses in chemical manufacturing processes. This textbook is written in the hope that the readers understand in a broad way the fundamental concepts of energy and exergy from chemical thermodynamics in practical applications. Finishing this book, the readers may easily step forward further into an advanced text of their specified line. - Visualizes the main concepts of thermodynamics to show the meaning of the quantities and formulae. - Focuses mainly on the affinity of irreversible processes and the related concept of exergy. - Provides an advanced understanding of electrochemical thermodynamics.

EXERGY

EXERGY Book
Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Marc A. Rosen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-09-18
ISBN : 9780080531359
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with exergy and its applications to various energy systems and applications as a potential tool for design, analysis and optimization, and its role in minimizing and/or eliminating environmental impacts and providing sustainable development. In this regard, several key topics ranging from the basics of the thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications are covered as outlined in the contents. - Comprehensive coverage of exergy and its applications - Connects exergy with three essential areas in terms of energy, environment and sustainable development - Presents the most up-to-date information in the area with recent developments - Provides a number of illustrative examples, practical applications, and case studies - Easy to follow style, starting from the basics to the advanced systems

Eco Exergy as Sustainability

Eco Exergy as Sustainability Book
Author : Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2006-02-28
ISBN : 1845640594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exergy is the measurement of the amount of work capacity i.e. the amount of energy that can do work. The author applies this concept to ecology, where it can be used as an ecological indicator for ecosystem health assessment and this is presented in the book with illustrative examples. In addition, the question of how it is possible to define a special ecological exergy concept to calculate the exergy for models of ecosystems is covered. The use of exergy and an introduced fourth law of thermodynamics make it possible to understand the ecosystem reactions and how the ecosystem can grow in three different forms - biomass, complexity of network and information. From this analysis, it is clear why ecosystems are sustainable systems and what characteristic properties ecosystems have to ensure that sustainability. A parallel from ecosystems to society makes it possible to formulate the same rules (laws) for society. The concept of exergy as a health indicator measuring the degree of sustainability of society can also be used. Examples will be applied to illustrate the application of exergy and the deduced ecological rules (laws) for understanding the society.

Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings

Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings Book
Author : Jose M Sala-Lizarraga,Ana Picallo-Perez
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-10-01
ISBN : 0128176121
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quantifying exergy losses in the energy supply system of buildings reveals the potential for energy improvement, which cannot be discovered using conventional energy analysis. Thermoeconomics combines economic and thermodynamic analysis by applying the concept of cost (an economic concept) to exergy, as exergy is a thermodynamic property fit for this purpose, in that it combines the quantity of energy with its quality factor. Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings applies exergy analysis methods and thermoeconomics to the built environment. The mechanisms of heat transfer throughout the envelope of buildings are analyzed from an exergy perspective and then to the building thermal installations, analyzing the different components, such as condensing boilers, absorption refrigerators, microcogeneration plants, etc., including solar installations and finally the thermal facilities as a whole. A detailed analysis of the cost formation process is presented, which has its physical roots firmly planted in the second law of thermodynamics. The basic principles and the rules of cost allocation, in energy units (exergy cost), in monetary units (exergoeconomic cost), and in CO2 emissions (exergoenvironmental cost), based on the so-called Exergy Cost Theory are presented and applied to thermal installations of buildings. Clear and rigorous in its exposition, Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings discusses exergy analysis and thermoeconomics and the role they could play in the analysis and design of building components, either the envelope or the thermal facilities, as well as the diagnosis of thermal installations. This book moves progressively from introducing the basic concepts to applying them. Exergy Analysis and Thermoeconomics of Buildings provides examples of specific cases throughout this book. These cases include real data, so that the results obtained are useful to interpret the inefficiencies and losses that truly occur in actual installations; hence, the assessment of their effects encourages the manner to improve efficiency. Applies exergy analysis methods for the installation of building thermal facilities equipment components, including pipes, valves, heat exchangers, boilers and heat pumps Helps readers determine the operational costs of heating and cooling building systems Includes exergy analysis methods that are devoted to absorption refrigerators, adsorption cooling systems, basic air conditioning processes, ventilation systems and solar systems, either thermal and PV Discusses the direct application of exergy analysis concepts, including examples of buildings with typical heating, DHW and air conditioning installations

Exergy Method

Exergy Method Book
Author : Jan Szargut
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 1853127531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The exergy method makes it possible to detect and quantify the possibilities of improving thermal and chemical processes and systems. The introduction of the concept thermo-ecological cost (cumulative consumption of non-renewable natural exergy resources) generated large application possibilities of exergy in ecology. This book contains a short presentation on the basic principles of exergy analysis and discusses new achievements in the field over the last 15 years. One of the most important issues considered by the distinguished author is the economy of non-renewable natural exergy. Previously discussed only in scientific journals, other important new problems highlighted include: calculation of the chemical exergy of all the stable chemical elements, global natural and anthropogenic exergy losses, practical guidelines for improvement of the thermodynamic imperfection of thermal processes and systems, development of the determination methods of partial exergy losses in thermal systems, evaluation of the natural mineral capital of the Earth, and the application of exergy for the determination of a pro-ecological tax.A basic knowledge of thermodynamics is assumed, and the book is therefore most appropriate for graduate students and engineers working in the field of energy and ecological management.

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis Book
Author : T. J. Kotas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483100367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Exergy Method of Thermal Plant Analysis aims to discuss the history, related concepts, applications, and development of the Exergy Method - analysis technique that uses the Second Law of Thermodynamics as the basis of evaluation of thermodynamic loss. The book, after an introduction to thermodynamics and its related concepts, covers concepts related to exergy, such as physical and chemical exergy, exergy concepts for a control method and a closed-system analysis, the exergy analysis of simple processes, and the thermocentric applications of exergy. A seven-part appendix is also included. Appendices A-D covers miscellaneous information on exergy, and Appendix E features charts of thermodynamic properties. Appendix F is a glossary of terms, and Appendix G contains the list of references. The text is recommended for physicists who would like to know more about the Exergy Method, its underlying principles, and its applications not only in thermal plant analysis but also in certain areas.

Exergy

Exergy Book
Author : Silvio de Oliveira Junior
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-02
ISBN : 1447141652
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridging the gap between concepts derived from Second Law of Thermodynamics and their application to Engineering practice, the property exergy and the exergy balance can be a tool for analyzing and improving the performance of energy conversion processes. With the exergy analysis it is possible to evaluate the performance of energy conversion processes not only on a thermodynamics basis but also by including production costs and environmental aspects and impacts of the studied processes. This comprehensive approach of the use of energy has, as one of the most important feature, the identification of sustainable ways of energy resources utilization. Based on the fundamentals of the exergy concept, its calculation, graphical representations and exergy balances evaluation, Exergy: Production Cost And Renewability describes the application of detailed exergy and thermoeconomic analysis to power plants and polygeneration systems, petroleum production and refining plants (including hydrogen production), chemical plants, biofuel production routes, combined production of ethanol and electricity, aircraft systems design, environmental impact mitigation processes and human body behavior. The presented case studies aim at providing students, researchers and engineers with guidelines to the utilization of the exergy and thermoeconomic analysis to model, simulate and optimize real processes and industrial plants.

Application of Exergy

Application of Exergy Book
Author : Tolga Taner
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-06-06
ISBN : 178923266X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main scope of this study is to emphasize exergy efficiency in all fields of industry. The chapters collected in the book are contributed by invited researchers with a long-standing experience in different research areas. I hope that the material presented here is understandable to a wide audience, not only energy engineers but also scientists from various disciplines. The book contains seven chapters in three sections: (1) "General Information about Exergy," (2) "Exergy Applications," and (3) "Thermoeconomic Analysis." This book provides detailed and up-to-date evaluations in different areas written by academics with experience in their fields. It is anticipated that this book will make a scientific contribution to exergy workers, researchers, academics, PhD students, and other scientists in both the present and the future.

Exergy Energy System Analysis and Optimization Volume I

Exergy  Energy System Analysis and Optimization   Volume I Book
Author : Christos A. Frangopoulos
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-05-18
ISBN : 1848261640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exergy, Energy System Analysis, and Optimization theme is a component of the Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. These three volumes are organized into five different topics which represent the main scientific areas of the theme: 1. Exergy and Thermodynamic Analysis; 2. Thermoeconomic Analysis; 3. Modeling, Simulation and Optimization in Energy Systems; 4. Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems in Energy Systems Analysis; 5. Sustainability Considerations in the Modeling of Energy Systems. Fundamentals and applications of characteristic methods are presented in these volumes. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Exergy Analysis of Heating Refrigerating and Air Conditioning

Exergy Analysis of Heating  Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Book
Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Marc A. Rosen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-08
ISBN : 0124172113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improve and optimize efficiency of HVAC and related energy systems from an exergy perspective. From fundamentals to advanced applications, Exergy Analysis of Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration provides readers with a clear and concise description of exergy analysis and its many uses. Focusing on the application of exergy methods to the primary technologies for heating, refrigerating, and air conditioning, Ibrahim Dincer and Marc A. Rosen demonstrate exactly how exergy can help improve and optimize efficiency, environmental performance, and cost-effectiveness. The book also discusses the analysis tools available, and includes many comprehensive case studies on current and emerging systems and technologies for real-world examples. From introducing exergy and thermodynamic fundamentals to presenting the use of exergy methods for heating, refrigeration, and air conditioning systems, this book equips any researcher or practicing engineer with the tools needed to learn and master the application of exergy analysis to these systems. Explains the fundamentals of energy/exergy for practitioners/researchers in HVAC&R fields for improving efficiency Covers environmental assessments and economic evaluations for a well-rounded approach to the subject Includes comprehensive case studies on both current and emerging systems/technologies Provides examples from a range of applications – from basic HVAC&R to more diverse processes such as industrial heating/cooling, cogeneration and trigeneration, and thermal storage

Progress in Exergy Energy and the Environment

Progress in Exergy  Energy  and the Environment Book
Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Adnan Midilli,Haydar Kucuk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-17
ISBN : 3319046810
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thorough and highly relevant volume examines exergy, energy and the environment in the context of energy systems and applications and as a potential tool for design, analysis, optimization. It further considers their role in minimizing and/or eliminating environmental impacts and providing for sustainable development. In this regard, several key topics ranging from the basics of the thermodynamic concepts to advanced exergy analysis techniques in a wide range of applications are covered.

Primary Exergy Cost of Goods and Services

Primary Exergy Cost of Goods and Services Book
Author : Matteo Vincenzo Rocco
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-19
ISBN : 3319436562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the Exergy-based Input – Output (ExIO) framework, a comprehensive methodology for assessing the primary fossil fuels requirements for the production of goods and services within a given economy from a lifecycle perspective. In the ExIO approach, exergy is assumed to be the best suited thermodynamic metric for characterizing fossil fuels. The mathematical formulation of ExIO is based on Input-Output analysis, which defines boundaries in time and space for any system or product analyzed, encompassing its entire lifecycle. The Hybrid-ExIO approach has been developed to increase the accuracy of results and to analyze energy systems in detail, leading to the definition of criteria and indicators for identifying and optimizing the primary fossil fuels requirements of system products. Lastly, the Bioeconomic ExIO model has been proposed to account for the side effects that the working hours required for producing goods and services have on the total primary fossil fuels consumption. As such, the book will be of considerable interest to both researchers and engineers in industry, offering them essential guidelines on the utilization of exergy and thermoeconomic analysis.

Exergy Analysis for Energy Conversion Systems

Exergy Analysis for Energy Conversion Systems Book
Author : Efstathios Michaelides
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-03-31
ISBN : 1108480586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover a straightforward and holistic look at energy conversion and conservation processes using the exergy concept with this thorough text. Explains the fundamental energy conversion processes in numerous diverse systems, ranging from jet engines and nuclear reactors to human bodies. Provides examples for applications to practical energy conversion processes and systems that use our naturally occurring energy resources, such as fossil fuels, solar energy, wind, geothermal, and nuclear fuels. With more than one-hundred diverse cases and solved examples, readers will be able to perform optimizations for a cleaner environment, a sustainable energy future, and affordable energy generation. An essential tool for practicing scientists and engineers who work or do research in the area of energy and exergy, as well as graduate students and faculty in chemical engineering, mechanical engineering and physics.

Exergy and Its Application

Exergy and Its Application Book
Author : Muhammad Aziz
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-12-04
ISBN : 1789846749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exergy has been defined as the maximum work that is useful, extracted from any process toward its equilibrium. Hence, it has a very strong connection with the second law of thermodynamics. In energy harvesting and management systems, the concept of exergy is very important because it represents the efficiency of the system. Exergy can be used as a tool to measure resource efficiency, as well as whole system sustainability. In addition, it can also be used to analyze and clarify the performance of each process; hence, methods of improvement can be determined.This book is the result of a very careful selection of chapters and contributors in the related field. The book is divided into three main sections according to the approaches and purpose of each proposed chapter. The first section is an introduction to the book. The second section, "Advanced energy conversions", describes several advanced technologies that are considered to have great potential in energy conversion and harvesting, and comprises three chapters focusing on photovoltaic/thermal systems with nanofluid, power-to-gas energy storage systems coupled with a combined cycle employing chemical looping combustion technology, and electromagnetic-based power generation. The third section focuses on the idea of "innovative energy management systems" toward high-quality energy systems. In this section, two different chapters describe the introduction of electric vehicles for demand-side energy management and the utilization of supercapacitors for very responsive energy storage in low-power modules. It is expected that this book will provide and enrich the state of the art in advanced energy systems, including energy conversion and management. All the chapters cover a broad range of disciplines, which are correlated in terms of the efforts toward efficient energy systems. In addition, the correlation between energy and exergy, and their understanding, are believed to be very important to improve energy efficiency and guarantee better energy quality.

Exergy analysis of resources and processes

Exergy analysis of resources and processes Book
Author : Valero Delgado, Alicia ,Valero Capilla, Antonio
Publisher : Prensas de la Universidad de Zaragoza
Release : 2010-05-06
ISBN : 8492774762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

La humanidad necesita urgentemente técnicas que ahorren energía y recursos. La única manera de calcular la cantidad de energía que puede ahorrarse en un proceso determinado es analizando las irreversibilidades que genera. La segunda ley de la termodinámica las indica de forma precisa por medio del balance de exergía. No es un método, es el método: no hay otro. Este libro explica el modo de calcular la exergía asociada a los procesos y a cualquier sustancia compleja. Constituye, por ello, un instrumento sumamente útil para una introducción rigurosa a la teoría general del ahorro de recursos.

Practical Approach to Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analyses of Industrial Processes

Practical Approach to Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analyses of Industrial Processes Book
Author : Enrique Querol,Borja Gonzalez-Regueral,Jose Luis Perez-Benedito
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-15
ISBN : 1447146220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although the exergy method has been featured as the subject of many publishing papers in scientific and engineering journals and at conferences, very few comprehensive books on this subject have been published so far. Practical Approach to Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analyses of Industrial Processes details the exergetic and thermoeconomic analyses of industrial processes using Aspen Plus and a novel Microsoft Excel Application developed by the authors which can be applied to industrial processes across the board. Employing a practical approach to an innovative and complex energy process, every chapter contains extensive explanations of a complex and real case and numerous examples whose solution demonstrates the application of theory to a wide range of real and practical problems. Illustrations, tables and graphs support and illustrate the new methodology to build a deep understanding of the real employment of the fuel used and the cost formation and increase inside the process. Practical Approach to Exergy and Thermoeconomic Analyses of Industrial Processes provides users, students and practitioners of process analysis, power plant design and fuel use optimization, with a broad introduction and approach to computer aided process optimization. It also serves as a comprehensive guide to the operational application of the MHBT to real cases analysis.

From Pinch Methodology to Pinch Exergy Integration of Flexible Systems

From Pinch Methodology to Pinch Exergy Integration of Flexible Systems Book
Author : Assaad Zoughaib
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 0081017960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current changes to the energy market, as well as an ambition to achieve decarbonation and highly energy efficient systems, will lead to a fundamental change in the way in which energy systems are designed and managed. In particular, the growth of renewable and renewed energy will introduce a level of design and management complexity with a greater need for efficient energy storage. Beginning with the earliest methodologies (pinch), this book explores the methodology and tools necessary for the design of flexible energy efficient systems. In addition to studying the related literature, the author details original developments where exergy consumption is introduced as an objective function to minimize in mathematical programming models for both continuous and batch processes. Most of these developments were made in the Center for Energy Efficiency of Systems at Mines ParisTech and reported in PhD dissertations and published articles. The whole methodology is implemented in the open source CERES platform. The latest methodology developments A pragmatic engineering approach leading to realistic and feasible solutions Comprehensive case studies

Exergy

Exergy Book
Author : Masanori Shukuya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-05
ISBN : 1447145739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many people, professionals and non-professionals alike, recognize that it is of critical importance to solve global energy and environmental issues. For this purpose, it is essential to have a scientific understanding of what is meant by the “energy” issue is and the “environmental” issue. The concept of “exergy” is a scientific concept that exactly fits. The concept of ‘energy’ is a scientifically-well established concept, namely ‘to be conserved’. Then the question is what is really consumed. Exergy: Theory and Applications in the Built Environment is dedicated to answer this fundamental question by discussing the theory of “exergy” and by demonstrating its use extensively to describe a variety of systems in particular for built-environmental conditioning. Our immediate environmental space works within the flow of energy and matter in an “exergy-entropy” process, and the built environment can be designed with these energy & environmental issues in mind. Exergy: Theory and Applications in the Built Environment introduces readers who are not familiar with thermodynamics to the concept of exergy with a variety of discussion on the built-environmental space such as heating, cooling, lighting, and others. Readers, including students, researchers, planners, architects and engineers, will obtain a better picture of a sustainable built-environment.

Performance indices of a power plant using exergy based analyses

Performance indices of a power plant using exergy based analyses Book
Author : Zin Eddine Dadach
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2017-11-08
ISBN : 366856664X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technical Report from the year 2017 in the subject Physics - Other, , language: English, abstract: The objective of this applied industrial research was to conduct an exergy-based analysis for an Open Cycle Gas Turbine in Abu Dhabi in order to evaluate its performance under design conditions and during summer weather conditions. The first explanation for this investigation is that CO2 emissions from power generation plants in the United Arab Emirates are responsible for about 33% of the 200 million tons of the total CO2 emitted in 2013 in the country. The second reason for this industrial project is that the standard conditions used for the design of gas turbines are 288K, sea level atmospheric pressure and 60% relative humidity. However, the average summer weather conditions in Abu Dhabi are T=316K and a relative humidity of 50%. As a consequence, the effects of summer weather conditions on different performance indices of the power plant were also studied.