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Executive Functions In Health And Disease

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Executive Functions in Health and Disease

Executive Functions in Health and Disease Book
Author : Elkhonon Goldberg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-04
ISBN : 0128037059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Executive Functions in Health and Disease provides a comprehensive review of both healthy and disordered executive function. It discusses what executive functions are, what parts of the brain are involved, what happens when they go awry in cases of dementia, ADHD, psychiatric disorders, traumatic injury, developmental disorders, cutting edge methods for studying executive functions and therapies for treating executive function disorders. It will appeal to neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, neuroscientists and researchers in cognitive psychology. Encompasses healthy executive functioning as well as dysfunction Identifies prefrontal cortex and other brain areas associated with executive functions Reviews methods and tools used in executive function research Explores executive dysfunction in dementia, ADHD, PTSD, TBI, developmental and psychiatric disorders Discusses executive function research expansion in social and affective neuroscience, neuroeconomics, aging and criminology Includes color neuroimages showing executive function brain activity

Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale BDEFS

Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale  BDEFS  Book
Author : Russell A. Barkley
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2011-02-01
ISBN : 1606239341
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale (BDEFS) is an empirically based tool for evaluating dimensions of adult executive functioning in daily life. Evidence indicates that the BDEFS is far more predictive of impairments in major life activities than more time-consuming and costly traditional EF tests. The BDEFS offers an ecologically valid snapshot of the capacities involved in time management, organization and problem solving, self-restraint, self-motivation, and self-regulation of emotions. It comprises both self- and other-reports in a long form (15-20 minutes) and a short form (4-5 minutes). Special features include an adult ADHD risk index in the long form. Complete instructions for scoring and interpreting the scale are provided. See also the Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale--Children and Adolescents (BDEFS-CA) and Barkley's authoritative book on EF development and deficits, Executive Functions. Also available: Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale--IV (BAARS-IV) and Barkley Functional Impairment Scale (BFIS for Adults). Includes Permission to Photocopy Enhancing the convenience and value of the BDEFS, the limited photocopy license allows purchasers to reproduce the forms and score sheets and yields considerable cost savings over other available scales. The large format and sturdy wire binding facilitate photocopying.

Executive Functions and Writing

Executive Functions and Writing Book
Author : Teresa Limpo,Thierry Olive
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-06-30
ISBN : 019886356X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first comprehensive and state-of-the-art review of the relationship between executive function skills and writing. It explores its role across the lifespan, addressing all groups of writers, from children and those with learning and language difficulties, to adults and elders.

Luria s Legacy in the 21st Century

Luria s Legacy in the 21st Century Book
Author : Anne-Lise Christensen,Elkhonon Goldberg,Dmitri Bougakov
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2009-08-13
ISBN : 0199734445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a collection of essays by leading neuropsychologists and cognitive neuroscientists to honor Alexander Romanovich Luria and to highlight the enduring impact of his legacy on cognitive neuroscience and clinical neuropsychology. A wide range of topics is covered, from functional neuroimaging in neuropsychology to bedside evaluation techniques. Several generations of neuropsychologists and cognitive neuroscientists are among contributors, including those who closely worked with Luria, their own students, and others influenced in their work by Luria's pioneering insights.

Executive Functions in Health and Disease

Executive Functions in Health and Disease Book
Author : Elkhonon Goldberg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-09-01
ISBN : 9780128036761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Executive Functions in Health and Disease provides a comprehensive review of both healthy and disordered executive function. It discusses what executive functions are, what parts of the brain are involved, what happens when they go awry in cases of dementia, ADHD, psychiatric disorders, traumatic injury, developmental disorders, cutting edge methods for studying executive functions and therapies for treating executive function disorders. It will appeal to neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, neuroscientists and researchers in cognitive psychology. Encompasses healthy executive functioning as well as dysfunction Identifies prefrontal cortex and other brain areas associated with executive functions Reviews methods and tools used in executive function research Explores executive dysfunction in dementia, ADHD, PTSD, TBI, developmental and psychiatric disorders Discusses executive function research expansion in social and affective neuroscience, neuroeconomics, aging and criminology Includes color neuroimages showing executive function brain activity

Executive Function

Executive Function Book
Author : Sandra A. Wiebe,Julia Karbach
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 1351663232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Executive Function: Development Across the Life Span presents perspectives from leading researchers and theorists on the development of executive function from infancy to late adulthood and the factors that shape its growth and decline. Executive function is the set of higher-order cognitive processes involved in regulating attention, thoughts, and actions. Relative to other cognitive domains, its development is slow and decline begins early in late adulthood. As such, it is particularly sensitive to variations in environments and experiences, and there is growing evidence that it is susceptible to intervention – important because of its link to a wide range of important life outcomes. The volume is made up of four sections. It begins with an overview of executive function’s typical development across the lifespan, providing a foundation for the remainder of the volume. The second section presents insights into mechanisms of executive function, as provided by a variety of methodological approaches. The third and fourth sections review the current research evidence on specific factors that shape executive function’s development, focusing on normative (e.g., bilingualism, physical activity, cognitive training) and clinically relevant (e.g., substance use, neurodegenerative disease) developmental pathways.

Dysexecutive Syndromes

Dysexecutive Syndromes Book
Author : Alfredo Ardila,Shameem Fatima,Mónica Rosselli
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-29
ISBN : 3030250776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of executive functioning has become central in understanding normal and abnormal cognitive processes. This timely volume analyzes the diverse conditions that can result in executive function disturbances, providing research about underlying causes, exploring the differences between developmental and acquired executive "dysfunctions," and providing approaches for the assessment of executive dysfunction both in children and in adults. In doing so, it addresses a gap in the literature in its analysis of executive function deficits and their link with psychopathology in psychiatric patients for the management of clinical symptoms and social adjustment. Among the specific topics examined: Theoretical approaches for the analysis of the diverse dysexecutive syndromes Common executive dysfunction syndromes found during childhood development: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorders Consequences of executive function deficits in the use of information technology Executive dysfunction and personality disorders Common executive function tests, assessment issues in executive dysfunction, and cross-cultural and bilingual questions in assessment of executive dysfunction Dysexecutive Syndromes: Clinical and Experimental Perspectives expertly extends the analysis of executive functions and dysfunctions from a fundamental and clinical perspective. It is essential reading for clinical psychologists, neuropsychologists, neurologists, and psychiatrists, and graduate and post-graduate students in psychology, neurology, and the health neurosciences, as well as clinicians, counselors, and psychometricians working with neuropsychiatric assessment.

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease Book
Author : Derek Bolton,Grant Gillett
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-28
ISBN : 3030118991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book is a systematic update of the philosophical and scientific foundations of the biopsychosocial model of health, disease and healthcare. First proposed by George Engel 40 years ago, the Biopsychosocial Model is much cited in healthcare settings worldwide, but has been increasingly criticised for being vague, lacking in content, and in need of reworking in the light of recent developments. The book confronts the rapid changes to psychological science, neuroscience, healthcare, and philosophy that have occurred since the model was first proposed and addresses key issues such as the model’s scientific basis, clinical utility, and philosophical coherence. The authors conceptualise biology and the psychosocial as in the same ontological space, interlinked by systems of communication-based regulatory control which constitute a new kind of causation. These are distinguished from physical and chemical laws, most clearly because they can break down, thus providing the basis for difference between health and disease. This work offers an urgent update to the model’s scientific and philosophical foundations, providing a new and coherent account of causal interactions between the biological, the psychological and social.

The Impulsive Disorganized Child

The Impulsive  Disorganized Child Book
Author : James W. Forgan,Mary Anne Richey
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-09-03
ISBN : 1000489647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Impulsive, scattered, lost, unfocused, unprepared, disorganized: These are just a few of the words used to describe kids with executive functioning deficits, which commonly affect many children already diagnosed with ADHD, learning disabilities, and autism. The Impulsive, Disorganized Child: Solutions for Parenting Kids with Executive Functioning Difficulties helps parents pinpoint weak executive functions in their children, then learn how to help their kids overcome these deficits with practical, easy solutions. Children who can't select, plan, initiate, or sustain action toward their goals are children who simply struggle to succeed in school and other aspects of life. Parents need the helpful, proven advice and interactive surveys and action plans in this book to empower them to take positive action to teach their disorganized, impulsive child to achieve independence, success, and a level of self-support.

The Brain at Risk

The Brain at Risk Book
Author : Dawson Hedges,Thomas J. Farrer,Erin D. Bigler,Ramona O. Hopkins
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-15
ISBN : 3030142604
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This important book describes the effects of a range of medical, psychological, and neurological conditions on brain functioning, specifically cognition. After a brief introduction of brain anatomy and function focusing on neural systems and their complex role in cognition, this book covers common disorders across several medical specialties, as well as injuries that can damage a variety of neural networks. The authors review findings on associations between these conditions and cognitive domains such as executive function, memory, attention, and learning, and describe possible causal pathways between diseases and cognitive impairment. Later chapters describe potential strategies for prevention, improvement, and treatment. The book’s topics include Cognition in affective disorders Cerebrovascular disease and cognition Cognitive sequelae of sepsis Traumatic brain injury and cognition Cognitive deficits associated with drug use Obstructive sleep apnea and cognition Cognitive function in pulmonary disease The Brain at Risk reflects the current interest in the links between body, mind, and brain, and will be of great value to researchers and practitioners interested in neuroscience, neuropsychology, and clinical research in the cognitive and behavioral consequences of brain injury and disease.

Handbook of Research on Neurocognitive Development of Executive Functions and Implications for Intervention

Handbook of Research on Neurocognitive Development of Executive Functions and Implications for Intervention Book
Author : Alcantud-Marín, Francisco,López-Ramón, María Fernanda,Navarro-Pardo, Esperanza,Moreno-Campos, Veronica,Alonso-Esteban, Yurena
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2022-03-18
ISBN : 1799890767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Executive functions develop during the first years of life and determine future learning and personal development. Executive dysfunction is related to various neurodevelopmental disorders, so its study is of great interest for intervention in children with neurotypical development and in those who have suffered a neurodevelopmental disorder. The Handbook of Research on Neurocognitive Development of Executive Functions and Implications for Intervention offers updated research on executive functions and their implication in psychoeducational intervention. It establishes a multidisciplinary context to discuss both intervention experience and research results in different areas of knowledge. Covering topics such as childhood inhibitory processing, mindfulness interventions, and language development, this major reference work is an excellent resource for psychologists, medical professionals, researchers, academicians, educators, and students.

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine From Prevention to Recovery

Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine  From Prevention to Recovery Book
Author : Hamed Ekhtiari,Antonio Verdejo-García,Scott J. Moeller,Alexander Mario Baldacchino,Martin P. Paulus
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-01-12
ISBN : 2889663779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Brain and Cognition for Addiction Medicine From Prevention to Recovery book written by Hamed Ekhtiari,Antonio Verdejo-García,Scott J. Moeller,Alexander Mario Baldacchino,Martin P. Paulus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Executive Function Child Development

Executive Function   Child Development Book
Author : Marcie Yeager,Daniel Yeager
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2013-02-04
ISBN : 039370856X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A brain-based approach to helping kids stay focused and achieve. Poor executive function (EF) in the brain can mean behavioral and attentional problems in school. This book explains to professionals and parents how EF develops in kids, what EF difficulties look like, and what creative and effective interventions can meet their needs. Executive functions involve mental processes such as: Working memory–holding several pieces of information in mind while we try to do something with them–for example, understand and solve a problem or carry out a task. Response inhibition–inhibiting actions that interfere with our intentions or goals. Shifting focus–interrupting an ongoing response in order to direct attention to other aspects of a situation that are important for goal attainment. Cognitive flexibility–generating alternative methods of solving a problem or reaching a goal. Self-monitoring–checking on one's own cognitions and actions to assure that they are in line with one's intentions. Goal Orientation–creating and carrying out a multi-step plan for achieving a goal in a timely fashion, keeping the "big picture" in mind.

The Frontal Lobes

The Frontal Lobes Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-10-05
ISBN : 0128043261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Frontal Lobes, Volume 163, updates readers on the latest thinking on the structure and function of the human frontal lobe. Sections address methodology, anatomy, physiology and pharmacology, function, development, aging and disorders, and rehabilitation. Patients with focal lesions in the frontal lobes have long been studied to reveal the organization and function of the frontal lobes. Over the last two decades, studies of patients with neurodegenerative diseases and developmental disorders have increased, with new findings discussed in this volume. In addition, the book includes discussions on genetics and molecular biology, optogenetics, high-resolution structural and functional neuroimaging and electrophysiology, and more. Lastly, new knowledge on the biology, structure and function of the frontal lobes, new treatment targets for pharmacology, non-invasive brain stimulation, and cognitive/social remediation are presented. The last section covers new efforts that will hopefully lead to better outcomes in patients with frontal lobe disorders. Provides an overview of the structure, function, disorder and rehabilitation of the frontal lobes Addresses a wide variety of methodologies – from genetics and molecular biology, to optogenetics and hi-res fMRI, and more Contains content of interest to advanced students, junior researchers and clinicians getting involved in research Features the input of leaders in neuroanatomical research from around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Clinical Neurology of Aging

Clinical Neurology of Aging Book
Author : Martin L. Albert,Janice E. Knoefel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-03-03
ISBN : 0195369297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This clinically focused book is designed to help clinicians help older persons maintain that joy. Now divided into 9 comprehensive sections, this edition contains subjects ranging from geriatric assessment to pain management and palliative care.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 0309452961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

The Wisdom Paradox

The Wisdom Paradox Book
Author : Elkhonon Goldberg
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2006-02-16
ISBN : 1440626952
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Wisdom Paradox explores the aging of the mind from a unique, positive perspective. In an era of increasing fears about mental deterioration, world-renowned neuropsychologist Elkhonon Goldberg provides startling new evidence that though the brain diminishes in some tasks as it ages, it gains in many ways. Most notably, it increases in what he terms “wisdom”: the ability to draw upon knowledge and experience gained over a lifetime to make quick and effective decisions. Goldberg delves into the machinery of the mind, separating memory into two distinct types: singular (knowledge of a particular incident or fact) and generic (recognition of broader patterns). As the brain ages, the ability to use singular memory declines, but generic memory is unaffected—and its importance grows. As an individual accumulates generic memory, the brain can increasingly rely upon these stored patterns to solve problems effortlessly and instantaneously. Goldberg investigates the neurobiology of wisdom, and draws on historical examples of artists and leaders whose greatest achievements were realized late in life.

Executive Function and Education

Executive Function and Education Book
Author : Mariëtte Huizinga,Dieter Baeyens,Jacob A. Burack
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-09-21
ISBN : 2889455726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Executive function is an umbrella term for various cognitive processes that are central to goal-directed behavior, thoughts, and emotions. These processes are especially important in novel or demanding situations, which require a rapid and flexible adjustment of behavior to the changing demands of the environment. The development of executive function relies on the maturation of associated brain regions as well as on stimulation in the child’s social contexts, especially the home and school. Over the past decade, the term executive function has become a buzzword in the field of education as both researchers and educators underscore the importance of skills like goal setting, planning, and organizing in academic success. Accordingly, in initiating this Research Topic and eBook our goal was to provide a forum for state-of-the-art theoretical and empirical work on this that both facilitates communication among researchers from diverse fields and provides a theoretically sound source of information for educators. The contributors to this volume, who hail from several different countries in Europe and North America, have certainly accomplished this goal in their nuanced and cutting-edge depictions of the complex links among various executive function components and educational success.

Behavioral Neurology Neuropsychiatry

Behavioral Neurology   Neuropsychiatry Book
Author : David B. Arciniegas,C. Alan Anderson,Christopher M. Filley
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-01-24
ISBN : 0521875013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The only textbook written specifically for physicians training and practising in this developing medical subspecialty.

Clinical Neurology of Aging

Clinical Neurology of Aging Book
Author : Martin Albert, MD, PhD, FAAN,Janice Knoefel, MD, MPH
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-01-11
ISBN : 0199708967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Neurology of Aging, Third Edition continues the tradition of the First (1984) and Second (1994) editions with 60 chapters written by the world's elite clinicians from neurology, geriatrics and research on all aspects of geriatric neurology. Aging does not automatically imply decline. Many older people find joy in their friendships and their willingness to look at the world with a calmer view than they may have had in youth. This clinically focused book is designed to help clinicians help older persons maintain that joy. Now divided into 9 comprehensive sections, the Third Edition contains subjects ranging from geriatric assessment to pain management and palliative care. Specific sections include: Introduction to Geriatric Neurology; Neurological Assessment in Aging; Cognitive Disorders in Aging; Motor Disorders in Aging; Neuropsychiatric Illness in Aging; Sensory Disturbance in Aging; Peripheral Neurology of Aging; Disease States in Elderly; and Neurological Therapeutics. With a deft touch, the editors - Drs. Martin Albert and Janice Knoefel - have incorporated the geriatric care perspective and a quality-oriented approach to health care throughout the volume. The result: the definitive reference, useful for all clinicians caring for older people and informative to those who set policies that affect research and clinical practice.