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Evolutionary Neuroscience

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Evolutionary Neuroscience

Evolutionary Neuroscience Book
Author : Jon H. Kaas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-05-30
ISBN : 0128206063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary Neuroscience, Second Edition, is a collection of chapters on brain evolution that combines selected topics from the recent comprehensive reference, Evolution of Nervous Systems (Elsevier, Academic Press, 2017, https://www.elsevier.com/books/evolution-of-nervous-systems/kaas/978-0-12-804042-3). The selected chapters cover a broad range of topics, from historical theory, to the most recent deductions from comparative studies of brains. The articles are organized in sections focused on history, concepts and theory, the evolution of brains from early vertebrates to present-day fishes, amphibians, reptiles and birds, the evolution of mammalian brains, and the evolution of primate brains, including human brains. Each chapter is written by a leader or leaders in the field. Specific topics include brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, other parts of brains, what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains. The collection of articles will be interesting to anyone who is curious about how brains evolved from the simpler nervous systems of the first vertebrates into the many different complex forms now found in present-day vertebrates. Provides the most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date single volume collection on brain evolution Presents a full color treatment, with many illustrations Written by leading scholars and experts Features chapters on brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, and other parts of brains Discusses what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains

The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience

The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience Book
Author : Stephen V. Shepherd
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-01-30
ISBN : 1119994691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive and authoritative, The Wiley Handbook of Evolutionary Neuroscience unifies the diverse strands of an interdisciplinary field exploring the evolution of brains and cognition. A comprehensive reference that unifies the diverse interests and approaches associated with the neuroscientific study of brain evolution and the emergence of cognition Tackles some of the biggest questions in neuroscience including what brains are for, what factors constrain their biological development, and how they evolve and interact Provides a broad and balanced view of the subject, reviewing both vertebrate and invertebrate anatomy and emphasizing their shared origins and mechanisms Features contributions from highly respected scholars in their fields

Evolutionary Neuroscience

Evolutionary Neuroscience Book
Author : Jon H. Kaas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-28
ISBN : 9780123751683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary Neuroscience is a collection of articles in brain evolution selected from the recent comprehensive reference, Evolution of Nervous Systems (Elsevier, Academic Press, 2007). The selected chapters cover a broad range of topics from historical theory to the most recent deductions from comparative studies of brains. The articles are organized in sections focused on theories and brain scaling, the evolution of brains from early vertebrates to present-day fishes, amphibians, reptiles and birds, the evolution of mammalian brains, and the evolution of primate brains, including human brains. Each chapter is written by a leader or leaders in the field, and has been reviewed by other experts. Specific topics include brain character reconstruction, principles of brain scaling, basic features of vertebrate brains, the evolution of the major sensory systems, and other parts of brains, what we can learn from fossils, the origin of neocortex, and the evolution of specializations of human brains. The collection of articles will be interesting to anyone who is curious about how brains evolved from the simpler nervous systems of the first vertebrates into the many different complex forms now found in present-day vertebrates. This book would be of use to students at the graduate or undergraduate levels, as well as professional neuroscientists, cognitive scientists, and psychologists. Together, the chapters provide a comprehensive list of further reading and references for those who want to inquire further. • The most comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date single volume collection on brain evolution • Full color throughout, with many illustrations • Written by leading scholars and experts

Relationship Science

Relationship Science Book
Author : Omri Gillath,Glenn Adams,Adrianne D. Kunkel
Publisher : Amer Psychological Assn
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9781433811234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book integrates sociocultural, neuroscience, and evolutionary approaches to studying close relationships.

Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience

Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Steven Platek,Julian Keenan,Todd Shackelford
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0262162415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential reference for the new discipline of evolutionary cognitive neuroscience that defines the field's approach of applying evolutionary theory to guide brain-behavior investigations.

Foundations in Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience

Foundations in Evolutionary Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Steven M. Platek,Todd K. Shackelford
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2009-02-26
ISBN : 0521884217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential primer presenting major topics of study undertaken by evolutionary cognitive neuroscientists.

The Hippocampus Questions of Homology

The Hippocampus  Questions of Homology Book
Author : A. Barnea,T. V. Smulders
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-09
ISBN : 9783318061314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The mammalian hippocampus is a conserved region and probably one of the best-studied brain areas. However, the homologous regions in other vertebrates differ in the anatomical organization, but are still able to perform similar functions. In this special topic issue, international experts in evolutionary neuroscience discuss the homology of the hippocampus among fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. The articles cover the history of hippocampal research, developmental patterns of gene expression in mammals, birds and reptiles, and the internal connectivity in adult birds and mammals. Furthermore it explores the role of the hippocampus in spatial navigation and memory, as well as its role in social cognition and in regulating the stress response. In addition to evolutionary neuroscientists, this publication is of special interest to all those studying the mammalian hippocampus, as it puts their structure of interest in a wider evolutionary context. It will also be relevant to behavioral ecologists and other behavioral biologists interested in navigation and memory across a range of species.

Evolution of nervous systems

Evolution of nervous systems Book
Author : Jon H. Kaas
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780123925619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution of nervous systems book written by Jon H. Kaas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolutionary Psychology Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience

Evolutionary Psychology  Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience Book
Author : William J. Ray
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2012-01-17
ISBN : 1412995892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together current perspectives concerning the manner in which human mind, behavior and experience evolved. In addition to the traditional psychological literature, it draws from work in the cognitive and affective neurosciences, ethology, and genetics. The focus will be on a unification and integration of evolutionary understandings within a broader consideration.

The Seductions of Darwin

The Seductions of Darwin Book
Author : Matthew Rampley
Publisher : Penn State Press
Release : 2017-02-02
ISBN : 0271079002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The surge of evolutionary and neurological analyses of art and its effects raises questions of how art, culture, and the biological sciences influence one another, and what we gain in applying scientific methods to the interpretation of artwork. In this insightful book, Matthew Rampley addresses these questions by exploring key areas where Darwinism, neuroscience, and art history intersect. Taking a scientific approach to understanding art has led to novel and provocative ideas about its origins, the basis of aesthetic experience, and the nature of research into art and the humanities. Rampley’s inquiry examines models of artistic development, the theories and development of aesthetic response, and ideas about brain processes underlying creative work. He considers the validity of the arguments put forward by advocates of evolutionary and neuroscientific analysis, as well as its value as a way of understanding art and culture. With the goal of bridging the divide between science and culture, Rampley advocates for wider recognition of the human motivations that drive inquiry of all types, and he argues that our engagement with art can never be encapsulated in a single notion of scientific knowledge. Engaging and compelling, The Seductions of Darwin is a rewarding look at the identity and development of art history and its complicated ties to the world of scientific thought.

The Consilient Brain

The Consilient Brain Book
Author : Gerald A. Cory Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461500451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present work is the third in a series constituting an extension of my doctoral thesis done at Stanford in the early 1970s. Like the earlier works, The Reciprocal Modular Brain in Economics and Politics, Shaping the Rational and Moral Basis of Organization, Exchange, and Choice (Kluwer AcademicfPlenum Publishing, 1999) and Toward Consilience: The Bioneurological Basis of Behavior, Thought, Experience, and Language (Kluwer AcademicfPlenum Publishing, 2000), it may also be considered to respond to the call for consilience by Edward O. Wilson. I agree with Wilson that there is a pressing need in the sciences today for the unification of the social with the natural sciences. I consider the present work to proceed from the perspective of behavioral ecology, specifically a subfield which I choose to call interpersonal behavioral ecology. Ecology, as a general field, has emerged in the last quarter of the 20th century as a major theme of concern as we have become increasingly aware that we must preserve the planet whose limited resources we share with all other earthly creatures. Interpersonal behavioral ecology, however, focuses not on the physical environment, but upon our social environment. It concerns our interpersonal behavioral interactions at all levels, from simple dyadic one-to-one personal interactions to our larger, even global, social, economic, and political interactions.

Evolution of Nervous Systems

Evolution of Nervous Systems Book
Author : Georg F. Striedter,Theodore H. Bullock,Todd M. Preuss,John Rubenstein,Leah A. Krubitzer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2006-12-15
ISBN : 9780123925602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All biology only makes sense when seen in the light of evolution, and this is especially true for the nervous system. All animals have nervous systems that mediate their behaviors, many of them species specific. Yet, these nervous systems all evolved from the simple nervous system of a common ancestor. To understand these nervous systems, we need to know how they vary and how this variation emerged in evolution. Over 100 distinguished neuroscientists have assembled, for the first time, the current state-of-the-art knowledge on how nervous systems evolved throughout the animal kingdom. This four-volume overview is rich in detail and broad in scope, and outlines the changes in brain and nervous system organization that occurred from the first vertebrates to present day fishes, reptiles, birds, mammals, and especially primates, including humans. The basic principles of brain evolution are discussed, as well as mechanisms of change, which involved gene expression and altered the courses of embryonic development. The reader can select from chapters on highly specific topics as well as those providing an overview of current thinking and approaches. This unique major reference promises to become the gold standard for those interested in evolution and in nervous systems. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) - featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. Broadly covers topics ranging from genetic control of development in invertebrates to human cognition Incorporates the expertise of over 100 outstanding investigators who provide their conclusions in the context of the latest experimental results Presents areas of disagreement as well as consensus views

Neurobiology of human language and its evolution Primate and Nonprimate Perspectives

Neurobiology of human language and its evolution  Primate and Nonprimate Perspectives Book
Author : Constance Scharff,Angela D. Friederici,Michael Petrides
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-06-13
ISBN : 9782889191116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evolution of human language has been discussed for centuries from different perspectives. Linguistic theory has proposed grammar as a core part of human language that has to be considered in this context. Recent advances in neurosciences have allowed us to take a new neurobiological look on the similarities and dissimilarities of cognitive capacities and their neural basis across both closely and distantly related species. A couple of decades ago the comparisons were mainly drawn between human and non-human primates, investigating the cytoarchitecture of particular brain areas and their structural connectivity. Moreover, comparative studies were conducted with respect to their ability to process grammars of different complexity. So far the available data suggest that non-human primates are able to learn simple probabilistic grammars, but not hierarchically structured complex grammars. The human brain, which easily learns both grammars, differs from the non-human brain (among others) in how two language-relevant brain regions (Broca’s area and superior temporal cortex) are connected structurally. Whether the more dominant dorsal pathway in humans compared to non-human primates is causally related to this behavioral difference is an issue of current debate. Ontogenetic findings suggest at least a correlation between the maturation of the dorsal pathway and the behavior to process syntactically complex structures, although a causal prove is still not available. Thus the neural basis of complex grammar processing in humans remains to be defined. More recently it has been reported that songbirds are also able to distinguish between sound sequences reflecting complex grammar. Interestingly, songbirds learn to sing by imitating adult song in a process not unlike language development in children. Moreover, the neural circuits supporting this behavior in songbirds bear anatomical and functional similarities to those in humans. In adult humans the fiber tract connecting the auditory cortex and motor cortex dorsally is known to be involved in the repetition of spoken language. This pathway is present already at birth and is taken to play a major role during language acquisition. In songbirds, detailed information exist concerning the interaction of auditory, motor and cortical-basal ganglia processing during song learning, and present a rich substrate for comparative studies. The scope of the Research Topic is to bring together contributions of researchers from different fields, who investigate grammar processing in humans, non-human primates and songbirds with the aim to find answers to the question of what constitutes the neurobiological basis of grammar learning. Open questions are: Which brain networks are relevant for grammar learning? Is there more than one dorsal pathway (one from temporal cortex to motor cortex and one to Broca’s area) and if so what are their functions? Has the ability to process sequences of a given hierarchical complexity evolved in different phylogenetic lines (birds, primates, other vocal production learners such as bats)? Is the presence of a sensory-to-motor circuit in humans a precondition for development of a dorsal pathway between the temporal cortex and Broca’s area? What role do subcortical structures (Basal Ganglia) play in vocal and grammar learning?

Evolutionary Neuropsychology

Evolutionary Neuropsychology Book
Author : Frederick L. Coolidge
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0190940948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book is designed to introduce the evolutionary origins of the human brain's present structures and functions. Evolutionary neuropsychology is a new multidisciplinary science that embraces and uses empirical findings from the fields of evolution, neuroscience, cognitive sciences, psychology, anthropology, and archaeology. This book is designed for the intellectually curious, but styled especially for academics at any level and psychologists focusing on various aspects of human behavior. The bedrock foundation of evolutionary neuropsychology is the assumption that functionally-specialized brain regions are adaptations naturally selected in response to various environmental challenges over the course of billions of years of evolution. These adaptations and their brain regions and circuitry may now serve new functions, which are called exaptations, and they are particularly involved in higher cognitive functions"--

Neuroscience and Media

Neuroscience and Media Book
Author : Michael Grabowski
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-05
ISBN : 131760847X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores how advances in the fields of evolutionary neuroscience and cognitive psychology are informing media studies with a better understanding of how humans perceive, think and experience emotion within mediated environments. The book highlights interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches to the production and reception of cinema, television, the Internet and other forms of mediated communication that take into account new understandings of how the embodied brain senses and interacts with its symbolic environment. Moreover, as popular media shape perceptions of the promises and limits of brain science, contributors also examine the representation of neuroscience and cognitive psychology within mediated culture.

From Fossils to Function Integrative and Taxonomically Inclusive Approaches to Vertebrate Evolutionary Neuroscience

From Fossils to Function  Integrative and Taxonomically Inclusive Approaches to Vertebrate Evolutionary Neuroscience Book
Author : A. C. Morhardt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-08-31
ISBN : 9783318064100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This special topic issue of 'Brain, Behavior and Evolution' contains contributions discussing the subject in-depth. 'Brain, Behavior and Evolutionl' is a well-respected, international peer-reviewed journal in neurology. Special topic issues are included in the subscription.

Human Nature and Public Policy

Human Nature and Public Policy Book
Author : A. Somit,S. Peterson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-07-03
ISBN : 1403982090
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Arguing for an evolutionary perspective, this book directly challenges the Standard Social Science Model (SSSM) on which public policy has often been based. The SSSM maintains that human behavior is solely the product of culture and learning. In sharp contrast, the Evolutionary Model (EM) holds that our behavior flows from the interaction between learning and culture, on the one hand, and biological factors-especially our evolutionary legacy-on the other. These different approaches to human behavior understandably lead to divergent conceptions of sound domestic and foreign policy. The SSSM views human behavior as essentially plastic and thus readily changed by governmental action. Disagreeing, the Evolutionary Model sees that malleability as seriously limited by our species' evolved propensity for aggression, status seeking, xenophobia, ethnocentrism, and hierarchical social structures.

The Reciprocal Modular Brain in Economics and Politics

The Reciprocal Modular Brain in Economics and Politics Book
Author : Gerald A. Cory Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461547474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present work is an extension of my doctoral thesis done at Stanford in the early 1970s. In one clear sense it responds to the call for consilience by Edward O. Wilson. I agree with Wilson that there is a pressing need in the sciences today for the unification of the social with the natural sciences. I consider the present work to proceed from the perspective of behavioral ecology, specifically a subfield which I choose to call interpersonal behavioral ecology th Ecology, as a general field, has emerged in the last quarter of the 20 century as a major theme of concern as we have become increasingly aware that we must preserve the planet whose limited resources we share with all other earthly creatures. Interpersonal behavioral ecology, however, focuses not on the physical environment, but upon our social environment. It concerns our interpersonal behavioral interactions at all levels, from simple dyadic one-to-one personal interactions to our larger, even global, social, economic, and political interactions. Interpersonal behavioral ecology, as I see it, then, is concerned with our behavior toward each other, from the most obvious behaviors of war between nations, to excessive competition, exploitation, crime, abuse, and even to the ways in which we interact with each other as individuals in the family, in our social lives, in the workplace, and in the marketplace.

Evolution of Brain Complexity and Animal Minds

Evolution of Brain Complexity and Animal Minds Book
Author : L. S. Demski
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-09-03
ISBN : 9783318024821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This special topic issue associates unique features of animal minds, i.e. aspects of cognition, emotion and consciousness, with differences in complexity of neural systems and considers the evolutionary processes producing such relationships. The additional aim of the publication is to go beyond cognition, to encompass other aspects of consciousness, and to enhance consideration of brain diversity. The topics are including: Behavioral correlates of mushroom body elaboration in insects; central nervous pathways and adaptive behavior in octopuses and other cephalopods; the pallium and mind/behavior relationships in teleost fishes; variation in reptilian brains and cognition; bird brains and tool use; and the evolution of large brain size in mammals. Providing new perspectives in the understanding of animal minds and brain complexity, this publication will be of special interest for neuroscientists, comparative psychologists, animal behaviorists, zoologists, cognitive scientists and everybody interested in brain-behavior mechanisms and models.