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Evolutionary Analysis

Evolutionary Analysis Book
Author : Scott Freeman,Jon C. Herron
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780132275842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By presenting evolutionary biology as an ongoing research effort, this best-seller aims to help readers think like scientists. The authors convey the excitement and logic of evolutionary science by introducing principles through recent and classical studies, and by emphasizing real-world applications. Features a new chapter on Phylogenomics and the Molecular Basis of Adaptation (Ch. 15). Offers an earlier presentation of Reconstructing Evolutionary Trees, reflecting the growing importance of this topic in the field. Includes the latest research and examples, giving students access to the most current developments in the field. Includes full-color photographs, diagrams and data-graphics throughout, developed by the author. Undergraduate courses in evolution

Bayesian Evolutionary Analysis with BEAST

Bayesian Evolutionary Analysis with BEAST Book
Author : Alexei J. Drummond,Remco R. Bouckaert
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 1316298345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What are the models used in phylogenetic analysis and what exactly is involved in Bayesian evolutionary analysis using Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods? How can you choose and apply these models, which parameterisations and priors make sense, and how can you diagnose Bayesian MCMC when things go wrong? These are just a few of the questions answered in this comprehensive overview of Bayesian approaches to phylogenetics. This practical guide: • Addresses the theoretical aspects of the field • Advises on how to prepare and perform phylogenetic analysis • Helps with interpreting analyses and visualisation of phylogenies • Describes the software architecture • Helps developing BEAST 2.2 extensions to allow these models to be extended further. With an accompanying website providing example files and tutorials (http://beast2.org/), this one-stop reference to applying the latest phylogenetic models in BEAST 2 will provide essential guidance for all users – from those using phylogenetic tools, to computational biologists and Bayesian statisticians.

Statistical and Evolutionary Analysis of Biological Networks

Statistical and Evolutionary Analysis of Biological Networks Book
Author : Michael P. H. Stumpf
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1848164343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Networks provide a very useful way to describe a wide range of different data types in biology, physics and elsewhere. Apart from providing a convenient tool to visualize highly dependent data, networks allow stringent mathematical and statistical analysis. In recent years, much progress has been achieved to interpret various types of biological network data such as transcriptomic, metabolomic and protein interaction data as well as epidemiological data. Of particular interest is to understand the organization, complexity and dynamics of biological networks and how these are influenced by network evolution and functionality. This book reviews and explores statistical, mathematical and evolutionary theory and tools in the understanding of biological networks. The book is divided into comprehensive and self-contained chapters, each of which focuses on an important biological network type, explains concepts and theory and illustrates how these can be used to obtain insight into biologically relevant processes and questions. There are chapters covering metabolic, transcriptomic, protein interaction and epidemiological networks as well as chapters that deal with theoretical and conceptual material. The authors, who contribute to the book, are active, highly regarded and well-known in the network community. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: A Network Analysis Primer (350 KB). Contents: A Network Analysis Primer (M P H Stumpf & C Wiuf); Evolutionary Analysis of Protein Interaction Networks (C Wiuf & O Ratmann); Motifs in Biological Networks (F Schreiber & H SchwAbbermeyer); Bayesian Analysis of Biological Networks: Clusters, Motifs, Cross-Species Correlations (J Berg & M Lnssig); Network Concepts and Epidemiological Models (R R Kao & I Z Kiss); Evolutionary Origin and Consequences of Design Properties of Metabolic Networks (T Pfeiffer & S Bonhoeffer); Protein Interactions from an Evolutionary Perspective (F Pazos & A Valencia); Statistical Null Models for Biological Network Analysis (W P Kelly et al.). Readership: Academics, researchers, postgraduates and advanced undergraduates in bioinformatics. Biologists, mathematicians/statisticians, physicists and computer scientists.

Computational and Evolutionary Analysis of HIV Molecular Sequences

Computational and Evolutionary Analysis of HIV Molecular Sequences Book
Author : Allen G. Rodrigo,Gerald H. Learn Jr.,Gerald H. Learn
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0792379942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

HIV research is unusual in that it brings together scientists from a wide range of disciplines; clinicians: pathologists, immunologists, epidemiologists, virologists, computational biologists, structural biologists, evolutionary biologists, statisticians and mathematicians. The book seeks to bridge the gap between these groups, in both subject matter and terminology."--BOOK JACKET.

Evolutionary Analysis

Evolutionary Analysis Book
Author : Jon C. Herron,Scott Freeman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-08-16
ISBN : 9780321828989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For undergraduate courses in Evolution By presenting evolutionary biology as a dynamic, ongoing research effort and organizing discussions around questions, this best-selling text helps you think like a scientist as you learn about evolution. The authors convey the excitement and logic of evolutionary science by introducing principles through recent and classical studies, and by emphasizing real-world applications. In the Fifth Edition, co-author Jon Herron takes the lead in streamlining and updating content to reflect key changes in the field. The design and art program have also been updated for enhanced clarity.

Evolutionary Analysis

Evolutionary Analysis Book
Author : Scott Freeman,Jon C. Herron
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed to help readers learn how to "think" like evolutionary biologists, this 4-color book approaches evolutionary biology as a dynamic field of inquiry and as a "process." Using a theme-based approach, it illustrates the interplay between theory, observation, testing and interpretation. It offers commentary on strengths and weaknesses of data sets, gives detailed examples rather than a broad synoptic approach, includes many data graphics and boxes regarding both sides of controversies. Introduces each major organizing theme in evolution through a question--e.g., How has HIV become drug resistant? Why did the dinosaurs, after dominating the land vertebrates for 150 million years, suddenly go extinct? Are humans more closely related to gorillas or to chimpanzees? Focuses on many applied, reader-relevant topics--e.g., evolution and human health, the evolution of senescence, sexual selection, social behavior, eugenics, and biodiversity and conservation. Then develops the strategies that evolutionary biologists use for finding an answers to such questions. Then considers the observations and experiments that test the predictions made by competing hypotheses, and discusses how the data are interpreted. For anyone interested in human evolution, including those working in human and animal health care, environmental management and conservation, primary and secondary education, science journalism, and biological and medical research.

Books a la Carte for Evolutionary Analysis

Books a la Carte for Evolutionary Analysis Book
Author : Scott Freeman,Jon C. Herron
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009-07-01
ISBN : 9780321677037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Books a la Carte for Evolutionary Analysis book written by Scott Freeman,Jon C. Herron, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolutionary Analysis

Evolutionary Analysis Book
Author : Jon C. Herron
Publisher : Pearson
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780135680230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

By presenting evolutionary biology as an ongoing research effort, this best-seller aims to help readers think like scientists. The authors convey the excitement and logic of evolutionary science by introducing principles through recent and classical studies, and by emphasizing real-world applications. Features a new chapter on Phylogenomics and the Molecular Basis of Adaptation (Ch. 15). Offers an earlier presentation of Reconstructing Evolutionary Trees, reflecting the growing importance of this topic in the field. Includes the latest research and examples, giving students access to the most current developments in the field. Includes full-color photographs, diagrams and data-graphics throughout, developed by the author.

Actin Polymerization in Apicomplexan

Actin Polymerization in Apicomplexan Book
Author : Avinash Kale
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-13
ISBN : 9811374503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses in detail the structural, evolutionary and functional role of actin and its regulatory proteins in gliding motility in apicomplexan organisms, a unique phenomenon found in actin-myosin cytoskeletal elements. The book also explores the potential of different actin regulators, namely formin, profilin, actin depolymerization factor (ADF), capping proteins (CPα and CPβ), cyclase-associated protein (CAP) and coronin 13–24 as potential drug targets against malaria. As the chief components of the gliding motor, the actin-regulator proteins are characterized by unique features that make them promising targets for structure-based drug design. Lastly, the book proposes a mathematical model, based on kinetic data mining, to help understand the most vital regulators for actin polymerization dynamics.

The New Evolutionary Sociology

The New Evolutionary Sociology Book
Author : Jonathan H. Turner,Richard S. Machalek
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-03-09
ISBN : 1351173863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For decades, evolutionary analysis was overlooked or altogether ignored by sociologists. Fears and biases persisted nearly a century after Auguste Comte gave the discipline its name, as did concerns that its effect would only reduce sociology to another discipline – whether biology, psychology, or economics. Worse, apprehension that the application of evolutionary theory would encourage heightened perceptions of racism, sexism, ethnocentrism and reductionism pervaded. Turner and Machalek argue instead for a new embrace of biology and evolutionary analysis. Sociology, from its very beginnings in the early 19th century, has always been concerned with the study of evolution, particularly the transformation of societies from simple to ever-more complex forms. By comprehensively reviewing the original ways that sociologists applied evolutionary theory and examining the recent renewal and expansion of these early approaches, the authors confront the challenges posed by biology, neuroscience, and psychology to distinct evolutionary approaches within sociology. They emerge with key theoretical and methodological discoveries that demonstrate the critical – and compelling – case for a dramatically enriched sociology that incorporates all forms of comparative evolutionary analysis to its canon and study of sociocultural phenomena.

Genome Evolution

Genome Evolution Book
Author : Axel Meyer,Yves van de Peer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-04-30
ISBN : 9781402010217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Table of contents

Law Mind and Brain

Law  Mind and Brain Book
Author : Michael D. A. Freeman,Oliver R. Goodenough
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release : 2009-01-01
ISBN : 9780754670131
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited collection brings together contributions from experts in criminal behaviour, civil law and jurisprudence. Suggesting that legal scholarship and practice will be increasingly enriched by an interdisciplinary study of law, mind and brain, this c

Evolutionary Forensic Psychology

Evolutionary Forensic Psychology Book
Author : Joshua Duntley,Todd K. Shackelford
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008-08-20
ISBN : 9780199717156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of forensic psychology explores the intersection of psychology and the law. The purpose of this book is to examine topics in the field using the powerful, multidisciplinary, conceptually integrated approach that the natural sciences have embraced for decades with great success. Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection is the meta-theoretical framework that unifies the field of biology. It unites research and understanding of the development, control, and organization of behavior. The study of humans, which includes all of the social sciences, is part of the field of biology. Darwin's theory provides a powerful meta-theoretical framework that can unify and energize forensic psychology, just as it has the biological sciences. Evolutionary processes undoubtedly shaped physiological characteristics to help solve problems of survival and reproduction. The lungs, for example, with their vast surface area and moist membranes are marvelous adaptions for extracting oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. Natural selection is the only known process capable of shaping complex functional mechanisms. Just as it shaped physiological adaptations with specific problem-solving functions, it also shaped our thoughts and emotions to guide behaviors toward solving recurrent problems of survival and reproduction. With this logic, we can use knowledge of ancestral problems to guide our understanding of how the mind works. Evolutionary Forensic Psychology is a necessary step toward a unified and complete understanding of psychology and the law. It recognizes that crimes such as murder, non-lethal violence, rape, and theft are manifestations of evolutionarily recurrent selection when they gave individuals an advantage in competition for resources. Each of the chapters that comprise this volume has been selected to provide the first unified examination of important research contributions and future directions of Evolutionary Forensic Psychology.

Sex Power Conflict Evolutionary and Feminist Perspectives

Sex  Power  Conflict   Evolutionary and Feminist Perspectives Book
Author : Ann Arbor David M. Buss Professor of Psychology University of Michigan,Los Angeles Neil Malamuth Professor of Communication and Psychology and Chair of the Department of Communication and Speech University of California
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1996-03-21
ISBN : 0195355997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sexual harassment in the workplace, date rape, and domestic violence dominate the headlines and have recently sparked scholarly debates about the nature of the sexes. Concurrently, the scientific community is conducting research in topics of sex and gender issues. Indeed, more research is being done on the topics of sexual conflict and coercion than at any other time in the history of the social sciences. Despite this attention, it is clear that these issues are being addressed from two essentially different perspectives: one is labeled "feminist", while the other, viewed as antithetical to the feminist movement, is called "evolutionary psychology", which emphasizes the history of reproductive strategies in understanding conflict between the sexes. This book brings together leading experts from both sides of the debate in order to discover how each could offer insights lacking in the other. The editors' overall goal is to show how the feminist and evolutionary approaches are complementary despite their evident differences, then provide an integration and synthesis. In fact, several of the contributors to this unique volume consider themselves advocates of both approaches. As a stimulating presentation of the dynamics of sex, power, and conflict--and a pioneering rapprochement of the diverse tendencies within the scientific community-- this book will attract a wide audience in both psychology and women's studies fields.

Evolutionary Dynamics of Organizations

Evolutionary Dynamics of Organizations Book
Author : Joel A. C. Baum,Jitendra V. Singh
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0195085841
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

His text presents the latest research and theory about evolutionary change in organizations. It brings together the work of organizational theorists who have challenged the orthodox adaptation views that prevailed until the beginning of the 1980s. It emphasizes multiple levels of change distinguishing change at the intraorganizational level, the organizational level, the population level, and the community level. The book is organized in a way intended to give order and coherence to what has been a diverse and multidisciplinary field. (The book had its inception at a conference held at the Stern School of Business, New York University, January 1992.).

A Multivariate Evolutionary Analysis of the Andean Iguanid Lizards of the Genus Stenocercus Classic Reprint

A Multivariate Evolutionary Analysis of the Andean Iguanid Lizards of the Genus Stenocercus  Classic Reprint  Book
Author : Thomas H. Fritts
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Release : 2017-03-06
ISBN : 9780243594207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Excerpt from A Multivariate Evolutionary Analysis of the Andean Iguanid Lizards of the Genus Stenocercus A brief description of the method used to measure each character employed in quantitative analyses is provided below, in order to facilitate understanding of the results and the design of comparative studies of related or similar groups of lizards. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Evolutionary Ecology and Human Behavior

Evolutionary Ecology and Human Behavior Book
Author : Eric Alden Smith
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 1351521314
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

""à required reading for anyone interested in the economy, ecology, and demography of human societies."" --American Journal of Human Biology ""This excellent book can serve both as a text¼book and as a scholarly reference."" --American Scientist

Evolutionary Analysis of Viral Sequences in Eukaryotic Genomes

Evolutionary Analysis of Viral Sequences in Eukaryotic Genomes Book
Author : Sean Schneider
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this work is several evolutionary analyses of endogenous viral sequences in eukaryotic genomes. Endogenous viral sequences can provide key insights into the past forms and evolutionary history of viruses, as well as the responses of host organisms they infect. In this work I have examined viral sequences in a diverse assortment of eukaryotic hosts in order to study coevolution between hosts and the organisms that infect them. This research consisted of two major lines of investigation. In the first portion of this work, I outline the hypothesis that the C2H2 zinc finger gene family in vertebrates has evolved by birth-death evolution in response to sporadic retroviral infection. The hypothesis suggests an evolutionary model in which newly duplicated zinc finger genes are retained by selection in response to retroviral infection. This hypothesis is supported by a strong association (R2=0.67) between the number of endogenous retroviruses and the number of zinc fingers in diverse vertebrate genomes. Based on this and other evidence, the zinc finger gene family appears to act as a "genomic immune system" against retroviral infections. The other major line of investigation in this work examines endogenous virus sequences utilized by parasitic wasps to disable hosts that they infect. These wasps package their own DNA into viral particles and inject them into the host. I found that the DNA packaged into these viral particles can be permanently transferred to the hosts that these wasps infect. I have identified 105 transferred regions in two host species: Monarch butterfly (Danaus Plexippus) and Silkworm (Bombyx mori). The last common ancestor between these species and wasps lived around 300 million years ago. Many of these regions are highly similar to one another and the sequences form 12 groups when clustered by 90% nucleotide identity. These similarities may arise from repeated integration of the same sequence or duplication after integration into the host.

Evolution and the Human Mind

Evolution and the Human Mind Book
Author : Professor of Philosophy Peter Carruthers,Peter Carruthers,Andrew Chamberlain
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-11-02
ISBN : 9780521789080
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume of essays offers an interdisciplinary examination of the evolution of the human mind.

The Evolution of Desire

The Evolution of Desire Book
Author : David M. Buss
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release : 2016-12-27
ISBN : 0465093302
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The groundbreaking, provocative book that uses evolutionary psychology to explain human mating and the mysteries of love. If we all want love, why is there so much conflict in our most cherished relationships? To answer this question we must look into our evolutionary past, argues prominent psychologist David M. Buss. Based one of the largest studies of human mating ever undertaken, encompassing more than 10,000 people of all ages from thirty-seven cultures worldwide, The Evolution of Desire is the first work to present a unified theory of human mating behavior. Drawing on a wide range of examples of mating behavior -- from lovebugs to elephant seals, from the Yanomamö tribe of Venezuela to online dating apps -- Buss reveals what women want, what men want, and why their desires radically differ. Love has a central place in human sexual psychology, but conflict, competition, and manipulation also pervade human mating -- something we must confront in order to control our own mating destiny. Updated to reflect the very latest scientific research on human mating, this definitive edition of this classic work of evolutionary psychology explains the powerful forces that shape our most intimate desires.