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Evolution

Evolution Book
Author : Peter J. Bowler
Publisher : Univ of California Press
Release : 2003-07
ISBN : 9780520236936
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The comprehensive and authoritative source on the development and impact on one of the most controversial of scientific theories.

The GSM Evolution

The GSM Evolution Book
Author : Peter Stuckmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2002-11-01
ISBN : 9780470848555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the context of the evolution towards 3rd Generation (3G) mobile radio networks, packet switched data services like the General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) and the Enhanced GPRS (EGPRS) are currently being introduced into GSM and TDMA/136 systems world-wide. For network operators, equipment vendors and system integrators dimensioning rules have to be developed to plan and estimate the needed radio capacity that is needed for the predicted amount of user data. The GSM Evolution comprehensively provides the basics of GPRS and EGPRS comprising the radio interface and the system and protocol architecture will be described in detail. Besides the introduction of WCDMA and UMTS as 3rd Generation Mobile Radio Networks, the further developed GSM networks, including GPRS and EDGE capabilities will be able to provide 3G services as well. Such enhanced GSM networks will be introduced in the next few years world-wide and will stay operational beyond 2010. * Presents the basics of GPRS and EGPRS - the radio interface and system and protocol architecture * Provides an in-depth description of GPRS, EDGE and GERAN networks * Describes the evolution of GSM/GPRS networks towards GSM/EDGE Radio Access Networks (GERAN) and the GERAN standard * Highlights the modulation and coding techniques for EDGE and network architecture for GERAN * Discusses the traffic performance of GSM/GPRS and GERAN and the suitability of the performance results for radio network dimensioning Ideal for all practitioners in the area of mobile radio and networking, network operators, planners, system integrators, vendors and application developers, researchers in the area of mobile radio and networking and also electrical engineering and computer science students, content providers, technical managers, regulators and sales personnel.

Evolution of the Vertebrate Auditory System

Evolution of the Vertebrate Auditory System Book
Author : Geoffrey A. Manley,Richard R. Fay
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-09-02
ISBN : 9780387210896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The function of vertebrate hearing is served by a surprising variety of sensory structures in the different groups of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. This book discusses the origin, specialization, and functional properties of sensory hair cells, beginning with environmental constraints on acoustic systems and addressing in detail the evolutionary history behind modern structure and function in the vertebrate ear. Taking a comparative approach, chapters are devoted to each of the vertebrate groups, outlining the transition to land existence and the further parallel and independent adaptations of amniotic groups living in air. The volume explores in depth the specific properties of hair cells that allowed them to become sensitive to sound and capable of analyzing sounds into their respective frequency components. Evolution of the Vertebrate Auditory System is directed to a broad audience of biologists and clinicians, from the level of advanced undergraduate students to professionals interested in learning more about the evolution, structure, and function of the ear.

Evolution and Human Behavior

Evolution and Human Behavior Book
Author : John Cartwright
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780262531702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

Genesis

Genesis Book
Author : Jan Sapp,Department of Biology Faculty of Pure and Applied Science Jan Sapp,Jan (Canada Research Chair in the History of Science Sapp, Canada Research Chair in the History of Science McGill University)
Publisher : Oxford : Oxford University Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780195156195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genesis: The Evolution of Biology presents a history of the past two centuries of biology, suitable for use in courses, but of interest more broadly to evolutionary biologists, geneticists, and biomedical scientists, as well as general readers interested in the history of science. The book covers the early evolutionary biologists-Lamarck, Cuvier, Darwin and Wallace through Mayr and the neodarwinian synthesis, in much the same way as other histories of evolution have done, bringing in also the social implications, the struggles with our religious understanding, and the interweaving of genetics into evolutionary theory. What is novel about Sapp's account is a real integration of the cytological tradition, from Schwann, Boveri, and the other early cell biologists and embryologists, and the coverage of symbiosis, microbial evolutionary phylogenies, and the new understanding of the diversification of life coming from comparative analyses of complete microbial genomes. The book is a history of theories about evolution, genes and organisms from Lamarck and Darwin to the present day. This is the first book on the general history of evolutionary biology to include the history of research and theories about symbiosis in evolution, and first to include research on microbial evolution which were excluded from the classical neo-Darwinian synthesis. Bacterial evolution, and symbiosis in evolution are also excluded from virtually every book on the history of biology.

The Evolution of the Grand Tour

The Evolution of the Grand Tour Book
Author : Edward Chaney
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780714644745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Grand Tour has emerged as a subject of importance for those interested in exploring the historic connections between nations and their intellectual and artistic production. Although traditionally associated with the 18th century, when it became de rigueur for wealthy Englishmen to complete their education on the continent, the Grand Tour is here investigated in a wider context, from the decline of the Roman Empire to recent times. Travel to Italy was undertaken for many reasons. Pilgrimage to Rome was encouraged by the religious rulers who succeeded the emperors. Authors from Chaucer to Erasmus eventually mocked this custom, and the Reformation sealed its fate where their co-nationals were concerned, but the urge to travel proved too strong to be extinguished by a mere change of religion. From the mid-16th century, northern Europeans justified travel to the south in terms of education. The English has previously travelled to Italy to study classics; now they travelled to learn Ital.

Evolution

Evolution Book
Author : Edward J. Larson
Publisher : Modern Library
Release : 2006-08-08
ISBN : 9781588365385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle, bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern science, that debate shifted into high gear. In this lively, deeply erudite work, Pulitzer Prize–winning science historian Edward J. Larson takes us on a guided tour of Darwin’s “dangerous idea,” from its theoretical antecedents in the early nineteenth century to the brilliant breakthroughs of Darwin and Wallace, to Watson and Crick’s stunning discovery of the DNA double helix, and to the triumphant neo-Darwinian synthesis and rising sociobiology today. Along the way, Larson expertly places the scientific upheaval of evolution in cultural perspective: the social and philosophical earthquake that was the French Revolution; the development, in England, of a laissez-faire capitalism in tune with a Darwinian ethos of “survival of the fittest”; the emergence of Social Darwinism and the dark science of eugenics against a backdrop of industrial revolution; the American Christian backlash against evolutionism that culminated in the famous Scopes trial; and on to today’s world, where religious fundamentalists litigate for the right to teach “creation science” alongside evolution in U.S. public schools, even as the theory itself continues to evolve in new and surprising directions. Throughout, Larson trains his spotlight on the lives and careers of the scientists, explorers, and eccentrics whose collaborations and competitions have driven the theory of evolution forward. Here are portraits of Cuvier, Lamarck, Darwin, Wallace, Haeckel, Galton, Huxley, Mendel, Morgan, Fisher, Dobzhansky, Watson and Crick, W. D. Hamilton, E. O. Wilson, and many others. Celebrated as one of mankind’s crowning scientific achievements and reviled as a threat to our deepest values, the theory of evolution has utterly transformed our view of life, religion, origins, and the theory itself, and remains controversial, especially in the United States (where 90% of adults do not subscribe to the full Darwinian vision). Replete with fresh material and new insights, Evolution will educate and inform while taking readers on a fascinating journey of discovery.

Human Evolution

Human Evolution Book
Author : Bernard Grant Campbell
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 1967
ISBN : 9780202366623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this new fourth edition, Campbell has revised and updated his classic introduction to the field. Human Evolution synthesizes the major findings of modern research and theory and presents a complete and integrated account of the evolution of human beings. New developments in microbiology and recent fossil records are incorporated into the enormous range of this volume, with the resulting text as lucid and comprehensive as earlier editions. The fourth edition retains the thematic structure and organization of the third, with its cogent treatment of human variability and speciation, primate locomotion, and nonverbal communication and the evolution of language, supported by more than 150 detailed illustrations and an expanded and updated glossary and bibliography. As in prior editions, the book treats evolution as a concomitant development of the main behavioral and functional complexes of the genus Homo among them motor control and locomotion, mastication and digestion, the senses and reproduction. It analyzes each complex in terms of its changing function, and continually stresses how the separate complexes evolve interdependently over the long course of the human journey. All these aspects are placed within the context of contemporary evolutionary and genetic theory, analyses of the varied extensions of the fossil record, and contemporary primatology and comparative morphology. The result is a primary text for undergraduate and graduate courses, one that will also serve as required reading for anthropologists, biologists, and nonspecialists with an interest in human evolution. "Synthesizes the conventional academic thought into a textbook or detailed account for lay readers. Along the chronological narrative are discussions of progress in homeostasis, the primate radiation, locomotion and the hindlimb, function and structure of the head, reproduction and social structure, and culture and society." Book News Bernard Campbell has been a visiting lecturer at Harvard and Cambridge, and has taught and conducted research in Eastern and Southern Africa. He was professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1970-76. Dr. Campbell is author/coauthor of Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man; Human Ecology (second edition, Aldine); Humankind Emerging and the definitive three-volume Catalogue of Fossil Hominids.

Human Gene Evolution

Human Gene Evolution Book
Author : David Neil Cooper
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-11-17
ISBN : 9780121878702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents the principles of human gene evolution in a concise and easy to understand fashion. Uses examples of how evolutionary processes have molded present day genes, drawn from the evolution of humans and other primates, as well as from more primitive organisms. With increasing attention in this expanding area, this review forms a timely publication of our current knowledge of this important field. Structure and function in the human genome The evolution of gene structure Mutational mechanisms in evolution

Evolution of the Insects

Evolution of the Insects Book
Author : David Grimaldi,Michael S. Engel,Michael S.. Engel,Senior Curator and Professor Michael S Engel
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005-05-16
ISBN : 9780521821490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive analysis of insect evolution examines the relationships and evolution of each order of hexapods, as well as major episodes in the evolutionary history of insects, their living diversity, evolutionary relationships, major fossil deposits, and key episodes in insect evolution, all enhanced by hundreds of illustrations, photographs, and diagrams.

Environmental Stress Adaptation and Evolution

Environmental Stress  Adaptation  and Evolution Book
Author : K. Bijlsma,Rudolf Bijlsma,Volker Loeschcke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997-09-23
ISBN : 9783764356958
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most organisms and populations have to cope with hostile environments, threatening their existence. Their ability to respond phenotypically and genetically to these challenges and to evolve adaptive mechanisms is, therefore, crucial. The contributions to this book aim at understanding, from a evolutionary perspective, the impact of stress on biological systems. Scientists, applying different approaches spanning from the molecular and the protein level to individuals, populations and ecosystems, explore how organisms adapt to extreme environments, how stress changes genetic structure and affects life histories, how organisms cope with thermal stress through acclimation, and how environmental and genetic stress induce fluctuating asymmetry, shape selection pressure and cause extinction of populations. Finally, it discusses the role of stress in evolutionary change, from stress induced mutations and selection to speciation and evolution at the geological time scale. The book contains reviews and novel scientific results on the subject. It will be of interest to both researchers and graduate students and may serve as a text for graduate courses.

Evolution the Grand Experiment

Evolution  the Grand Experiment Book
Author : Carl Werner
Publisher : New Leaf Publishing Group
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780892216819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Darwin's book on evolution admitted that "intermediate links" were "perhaps the most obvious and serious objection to the theory" of evolution. Darwin recognized that the fossils collected by scientists prior to 1859 did not correspond with his theory of evolution, but he predicted that his theory would be confirmed as more and more fossils were found. One hundred and fifty years later, Evolution: The Grand Experiment critically examines the viability of Darwin's theory"--

Language Evolution

Language Evolution Book
Author : Morten H. Christiansen,Simon Kirby
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2003-07-24
ISBN : 0191581666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is it that makes us human? This is one of the most challenging and important questions we face. Our species' defining characteristic is language - we appear to be unique in the natural world in having such an incredibly open-ended system for putting thoughts into words. If we are to truly understand ourselves as a species we must understand the origins of this strange and unique ability. To do so, we need to answer some of the most intriguing questions in contemporary scientific research: Where did language come from? How did it evolve? Why are we unique in possessing it? This book, for the first time, brings together the leading thinkers who are trying to unlock the puzzle of language evolution. Here we see the latest ideas and theories from fields as diverse as anthropology, archaeology, artificial life, biology, cognitive science, linguistics, neuroscience, and psychology. In a series of seventeen well-written and accessible chapters we get an unrivalled view of the state of the art in this exciting area. Current controversies are revealed and new perspectives uncovered, in a clear and readable guide to the latest theories. This collection marks a major step forward in our quest to understand the origins and evolution of human language. In doing so it sheds new light on the process of evolution, the workings of the brain, the structure of language, and - most importantly - what it means to be human. Language Evolution is essential reading for researchers and students working in the areas covered, and has been used as a textbook for courses in the field. It will also attract the general reader who wants to know more about this fascinating subject.

Advances in Differential Evolution

Advances in Differential Evolution Book
Author : Uday K. Chakraborty
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-07-23
ISBN : 3540688277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Differential evolution is arguably one of the hottest topics in today's computational intelligence research. This book seeks to present a comprehensive study of the state of the art in this technology and also directions for future research. The fourteen chapters of this book have been written by leading experts in the area. The first seven chapters focus on algorithm design, while the last seven describe real-world applications. Chapter 1 introduces the basic differential evolution (DE) algorithm and presents a broad overview of the field. Chapter 2 presents a new, rotationally invariant DE algorithm. The role of self-adaptive control parameters in DE is investigated in Chapter 3. Chapters 4 and 5 address constrained optimization; the former develops suitable stopping conditions for the DE run, and the latter presents an improved DE algorithm for problems with very small feasible regions. A novel DE algorithm, based on the concept of "opposite" points, is the topic of Chapter 6. Chapter 7 provides a survey of multi-objective differential evolution algorithms. A review of the major application areas of differential evolution is presented in Chapter 8. Chapter 9 discusses the application of differential evolution in two important areas of applied electromagnetics. Chapters 10 and 11 focus on applications of hybrid DE algorithms to problems in power system optimization. Chapter 12 applies the DE algorithm to computer chess. The use of DE to solve a problem in bioprocess engineering is discussed in Chapter 13. Chapter 14 describes the application of hybrid differential evolution to a problem in control engineering.

Environment Development and Evolution

Environment  Development  and Evolution Book
Author : Thomas Pradeu,Werner Callebaut,Katrin Schäfer
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780262083195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading researchers in evolutionary developmental biology seek linkages between, and a synthesis of, development, physiology, endocrinology, ecology, and evolution. Evolutionary developmental biology, also known as evo-devo or EDB, seeks to find links between development and evolution by opening the "black box" of development's role in evolution and in the evolution of developmental mechanisms. In particular, this volume emphasizes the roles of the environment and of hormonal signaling in evo-devo. It brings together a group of leading researchers to analyze the dynamic interaction of environmental factors with developmental and physiological processes and to examine how environmental signals are translated into phenotypic change, from the molecular and cellular level to organisms and groups of organisms. Taken together, these chapters demonstrate the crucial roles of those processes of genetic, developmental, physiological, and hormonal change that underpin evolutionary change in development, morphology, physiology, behavior, and life-history. Part I investigates links between environmental signals and developmental processes that could be preserved over evolutionary time. Several contributors evaluate the work of the late Ryuichi Matsuda, especially his emphasis on the role of the external environment in genetic change and variability ("pan-environmentalism"). Other contributors in part I analyze different aspects of environmental-genetic-evolutionary linkages, including the importance of alternate ontogenies in evolution and the paradox of stability over long periods of evolutionary time. Part II examines the plasticity that characterizes much of development, with contributors discussing such topics as gene regulatory networks and heterochronicity. Part III analyzes the role of hormones and metamorphosis in the evolution of such organisms with alternate life-history stages as lampreys, amphibians, and insects.

Evolution 101

Evolution 101 Book
Author : Janice Moore,Randy Moore
Publisher : Greenwood Publishing Group
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9780313332920
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to evolution covers the history of evolutionary thought, an elaboration of Darwin's basic theories, the evidence for evolution in nature, and how evolution works.

Evolution of Human Behavior

Evolution of Human Behavior Book
Author : Warren G. Kinzey
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 1987-01-01
ISBN : 9780887062674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents an important meeting ground in the primatology field by exploring the various primate models that have been used in the reconstruction of early human behavior. While some models are based on the proposition that a key behavioral feature such as hunting, eating of seeds or monogamous mating led to the evolutionary separation of apes and humans, other models suggest that one primate species, such as the baboon or chimpanzee, best exemplifies the behavior of our early ancestors. Several contributors to the book take the position that no single primate is a good model and contend instead that a model must be eclectic. One of the more innovative essays suggests that ancestral behavioral states can, in fact, be derived by comparing the behavior of all living hominid (ape and human) species. Additionally, several other contributors analyze and discuss the concept of model-making, noting deficiencies in earlier models while offering suggestions for future development. Although it is true that a powerful conceptual model for reconstructing hominid behavior does not yet exist, The Evolution of Human Behavior: Primate Models suggests ways one may be constructed based on behavioral ecology and evolutionary theory.

The Evolution of Cultural Diversity

The Evolution of Cultural Diversity Book
Author : Ruth Mace,Clare J Holden,Stephen Shennan
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-09-16
ISBN : 1315418592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Virtually all aspects of human behavior show enormous variation both within and between cultural groups, including material culture, social organization and language. Thousands of distinct cultural groups exist: about 6,000 languages are spoken today, and it is thought that a far greater number of languages existed in the past but became extinct. Using a Darwinian approach, this book seeks to explain this rich cultural variation. There are a number of theoretical reasons to believe that cultural diversification might be tree-like, that is phylogenetic: material and non-material culture is clearly inherited by descendants, there is descent with modification, and languages appear to be hierarchically related. There are also a number of theoretical reasons to believe that cultural evolution is not tree-like: cultural inheritance is not Mendelian and can indeed be vertical, horizontal or oblique, evidence of borrowing abounds, cultures are not necessarily biological populations and can be transient and complex. Here, for the first time, this title tackles these questions of cultural evolution empirically and quantitatively, using a range of case studies from Africa, the Pacific, Europe, Asia and America. A range of powerful theoretical tools developed in evolutionary biology is used to test detailed hypotheses about historical patterns and adaptive functions in cultural evolution. Evidence is amassed from archaeological, linguist and cultural datasets, from both recent and historical or pre-historical time periods. A unifying theme is that the phylogenetic approach is a useful and powerful framework, both for describing the evolutionary history of these traits, and also for testing adaptive hypotheses about their evolution and co-evolution. Contributors include archaeologists, anthropologists, evolutionary biologists and linguists, and this book will be of great interest to all those involved in these areas.