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Evolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-10-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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The Evolution of Vulnerability Analysis

The Evolution of Vulnerability Analysis Book
Author : Elias Riggs Monfort
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Evolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability Book
Author : David C. Geary
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-28
ISBN : 0128017473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes

Genetic Algorithm artificial Life Evolution of Security Vulnerability Agents

Genetic Algorithm artificial Life Evolution of Security Vulnerability Agents Book
Author : Chirag Patel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Genetic Algorithm artificial Life Evolution of Security Vulnerability Agents book written by Chirag Patel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability Book
Author : David C. Geary
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-01
ISBN : 9780128015629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals' ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection-mate competition and choice-and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer's disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes

The Evolution of Vulnerability

The Evolution of Vulnerability Book
Author : Joyce V. Millen,Pertti J. Pelto
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download The Evolution of Vulnerability book written by Joyce V. Millen,Pertti J. Pelto, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Evolution of Risk and Vulnerability in Greater Jakarta

The Evolution of Risk and Vulnerability in Greater Jakarta Book
Author : Saut Sagala
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Evolution of Risk and Vulnerability in Greater Jakarta book written by Saut Sagala, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolution of a Small Open Emerging Economy s External Vulnerability

Evolution of a Small Open Emerging Economy s External Vulnerability Book
Author : Gastón Chaumont,Markus Kirchner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Evolution of a Small Open Emerging Economy s External Vulnerability book written by Gastón Chaumont,Markus Kirchner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hyperendemic AIDS Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in Southern Africa

Hyperendemic AIDS  Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in Southern Africa Book
Author : Stuart Gillespie,Scott Drimie
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The rapidly accelerating AIDS epidemic of the 90s and its current state of "hyperendemicity" in southern Africa have affected the levels, intensity and nature of vulnerability. Not only does HIV co-exist with widespread food insecurity and economic inequality in time and space, it interacts with these conditions. HIV incidence rates are fuelled by food insecurity while subsequent AIDS-related morbidity and mortality, in turn, further exacerbate food insecurity. These interactions play out at household and community levels. In addition, HIV and nutrition interact negatively within the human body itself. Although often hidden, interactions play out in real time at different levels from the individual to the nation state. During the evolution of AIDS epidemics there are three sequential phases of vulnerability - upstream (relating to risk of infection), midstream (individual risk of developing opportunistic infections after HIV infection) and downstream (risk of serious impacts in households or communities living with HIV). Each of these phases have particular drivers and consequences. Among poor southern Africa households, vulnerability is also dynamic in the sense that its multiple ingredients are in constant flux - and because people proactively respond to try to reduce their vulnerability. Such responses determine their resilience in the face of concurrent shocks and stresses. Highlighting work undertaken by the Regional Network on AIDS, Livelihoods and Food Security (RENEWAL), this presentation will map out the evolution in the conceptualization of vulnerability in the context of AIDS and food insecurity in southern Africa over the last decade.

Vulnerability and Dynamical Processes in Complex Networks

Vulnerability and Dynamical Processes in Complex Networks Book
Author : Igor Mishkovski
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Vulnerability and Dynamical Processes in Complex Networks book written by Igor Mishkovski, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Android OS Vulnerabilities

Android OS Vulnerabilities Book
Author : Jairo Emilio Bautista Mora
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Android devices are increasingly used in everyday life. They incorporate most of our private data. This data becomes the target of attacks that exploit Android vulnerabilities. To this day, a study has not been carried out on all the vulnerabilities that affect the Android operating system. In addition, there is no official taxonomy to catalog vulnerabilities, and there is no way to detect it at the time of development. The objective of this study is to (i) define the taxonomy of the types of vulnerabilities related to Android; (ii) investigate the layers and subsystems impacted by Android; (iii) study the survival of vulnerabilities; (iv) analyze the evolution of these vulnerabilities; and (v) determine the correlation between vulnerability types and CVSS vectors. These findings would be the starting point to improve the development process for Android and define a way to detect vulnerabilities during development.

Vulnerability

Vulnerability Book
Author : Commonwealth Consultative Group on the Special Needs of Small States,Commonwealth Secretariat. Consultative Group on the Special Needs of Small States
Publisher : London : Commonwealth Secretariat
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We believe it to be indisputable that the smallest and weakest within the international community, those with the least political clout, military strength or economic resilience, are among the ones who are likely to suffer most and whose special vulnerabilities are likely to go unnoticed and unrelieved for the longest time. We believe there are compelling obligations that derive from these realities: obligations on the international community, obligations on the Commonwealth itself—which has within its membership so many small states—and, of course, obligations that fall on small states themselves. All concerned must acknowledge and begin to fulfill these obligations. - From the Group ReportThey (Small States) have demonstrated that they have a valid part to play in the evolution of world society. It is therefore imperative that the international system be so organised that these states are enabled not only to exist, but to prosper and themselves to contribute to international harmony. In the pursuit of that goal of enhanced international co-operation there surely must be progress towards strengthening the global system of collective security. It would be fitting if the 40th year of the United Nations could be marked by a series of steps which ensured a safer and more prosperous future for the smallest members of the world community. - From the Foreword by Commonwealth, Secretary-General Shridath Ramphal

Evolution Shot Full of Holes

Evolution Shot Full of Holes Book
Author : Jim Bendewald,Frank Sherwin,Bendewald And Frank
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007-02-01
ISBN : 9780974864921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Evolution is utterly false. This book provides four powerful arguments demonstrating this fact." * Respectful presentation * Four easy-to-understand arguments * Logical and persuasive * Frequent illustrations that clarify and are fun * Appropriate for teens and adults * Designed to be given away Evolution Shot Full of Holes is about four major irrefutable flaws in the foundation of evolution. It focuses on the subjects of mutations, information, the cell and the Cambrian Explosion to expose gaping holes in evolution. Discover the fissures that expose the vulnerability of evolution while providing a satisfying model of creation.

Human Brain Evolution

Human Brain Evolution Book
Author : Stephen Cunnane,Kathlyn Stewart
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-06-01
ISBN : 0470452684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The evolution of the human brain and cognitive ability is one of the central themes of physical/biological anthropology. This book discusses the emergence of human cognition at a conceptual level, describing it as a process of long adaptive stasis interrupted by short periods of cognitive advance. These advances were not linear and directed, but were acquired indirectly as part of changing human behaviors, in other words through the process of exaptation (acquisition of a function for which it was not originally selected). Based on studies of the modem human brain, certain prerequisites were needed for the development of the early brain and associated cognitive advances. This book documents the energy and nutrient constraints of the modern brain, highlighting the significant role of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) in brain development and maintenance. Crawford provides further emphasis for the role of essential fatty acids, in particular DHA, in brain development, by discussing the evolution of the eye and neural systems. This is an ideal book for Graduate students, post docs, research scientists in Physical/Biological Anthropology, Human Biology, Archaeology, Nutrition, Cognitive Science, Neurosciences. It is also an excellent selection for a grad student discussion seminar.

Mapping Vulnerability

Mapping Vulnerability Book
Author : Greg Bankoff,Georg Frerks
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-06-17
ISBN : 1136561625
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International Investment for Sustainable Development critically examines the interface between sustainability, development, and the governance of international investment. It challenges the conventional view that foreign direct investment is a 'miracle drug' for developing countries and exposes serious shortcomings in the current international investment regime. Composed of norms, agreements, treaties and regulations, the emerging investment regime expands the rights of transnational corporations (TNCs) without commensurate rewards for the common good. Drawing on both research and engaged advocacy, the contributors ultimately map out a new way forward, towards the creation and implementation of international investment rules that will promote global sustainability and equity.

Assessing Vulnerabilities in Emerging market Economies

Assessing Vulnerabilities in Emerging market Economies Book
Author : Tatjana Dahlhaus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Download Assessing Vulnerabilities in Emerging market Economies book written by Tatjana Dahlhaus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Survival of the Fattest

Survival of the Fattest Book
Author : Stephen C Cunnane
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2005-05-06
ISBN : 9814480827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

' How did humans evolve larger and more sophisticated brains? In general, evolution depends on a special combination of circumstances: part genetics, part time, and part environment. In the case of human brain evolution, the main environmental influence was adaptation to a 'shore-based' diet, which provided the world's richest source of nutrition, as well as a sedentary lifestyle that promoted fat deposition. Such a diet included shellfish, fish, marsh plants, frogs, bird's eggs, etc. Humans and, and more importantly, hominid babies started to get fat, a crucial distinction that led to the development of larger brains and to the evolution of modern humans. A larger brain is expensive to maintain and this increasing demand for energy results in, succinctly, survival of the fattest. Contents:The Human Brain: Unique Yet Vulnerable:Human Evolution: A Brief OverviewThe Human Brain: Evolution of Larger Size and PlasticityDefining Characteristics: Vulnerability and High Energy RequirementFatness in Human Babies: Insurance for the Developing BrainNutrition: The Key to Normal Human Brain DevelopmentIodine: The Primary Brain Selective NutrientIron, Copper, Zinc and Selenium: The Other Brain Selective MineralsDocosahexaenoic Acid: The Brain Selective Fatty AcidThe Shore-Based Scenario:Genes, Brain Function and Human Brain EvolutionBringing the Environment and Diet into PlayThe Shore-Based Scenario: Why Survival Misses the PointEarlier VersionsThe EvidenceHow Would It Work?Survival of the Fattest Readership: General, and those with an interest in origins of humans especially human intelligence (the big brain). Keywords:Human Brain;Brain Evolution;Dietary Fat;Body Fat;Human Infant;Fat Babies;HominidsKey Features:A new theory of human brain evolutionThe novel concept that shorelines provided a unique food resourceThe novel concept that fat babies were the key to human brain evolutionReviews:“The nutritionist's perspective that brings energy, fatty acid metabolism, and nutrition to the fore makes this account a provocative and fast-paced one. Readers will be challenged and intrigued by this well thought-out volume.”Joyce A Nettleton, DSc, RD ScienceVoice Consulting Denver, Colorado “Anyone interested in how humans evolved will find much of interest in this book … the main thread of the argument seems so plausible that many readers will want to delve further by way of a number of the items listed in the bibliography.”Henry H Bauer Professor Emeritus of Chemistry & Science Studies, Dean Emeritus of Arts & Sciences Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University “This book is full of interesting facts about our brains and about nutrition and brain and body biochemistry. Cunnane weaves a very complex and multi-faceted hypothesis systematically and relatively clearly … I found the book thought-provoking. It shares data and ideas that are relatively novel and interesting …”European Neurology '

Vulnerability Methodology and Protective Measures for Aircraft Fire and Explosion Hazards Volume 3 On Board Inert Gas Generator System OBIGGS Studies Part 2 Fuel Scrubbing and Oxygen Evolution Tests

Vulnerability Methodology and Protective Measures for Aircraft Fire and Explosion Hazards  Volume 3  On Board Inert Gas Generator System  OBIGGS  Studies  Part 2  Fuel Scrubbing and Oxygen Evolution Tests Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A basic consideration in designing an on-board inert gas generator system (OBIGGS) is to manage the evolution of dissolved oxygen in the fuel such that an inert ullage is maintained. Fuel scrubbing, in which an inert gas is bubbled through the fuel, is the common method of removing dissolved oxygen. Analytical modeling of the scrub gas requirements for fuel scrubbing required experimental data for validation. Tests were conducted to determine if a model based on the ideal gas law, published solubility coefficients, and partial pressure relationships was valid. The excellent agreement between calculated results and test data verified that such a model is valid. Keywords: Fuel scrubbing; Oxygen evolution; Fuel tank inerting; On-board inert gas generator systems; Dissolved gases; Engine fires; Fuel fires.

Trajectories of Change

Trajectories of Change Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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The Impact of Climate Change on Drylands

The Impact of Climate Change on Drylands Book
Author : A.J. Dietz,R. Ruben,A. Verhagen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 1402021585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sahelian West Africa has recovered from the disastrous droughts of the 1970s and 1980s. People have learned to adapt to risk and uncertainty in fragile dryland environments. They, as well as global change scientists, are worried about the impact of climate change on these West African drylands. What do the experiences of the last thirty years say about the preparedness for higher temperatures, lower rainfall, and even more variability? Detailed studies on Dryland West Africa as a whole, and on Burkina Faso, Mali and Northern Ghana in particular show an advanced coping behaviour and increased adaptation, but also major differences in vulnerability and coping potential. Climate change preparedness programmes have only just started and require more robust support, and more specific social targeting, for a population which is rapidly growing, even more rapidly urbanising, and further integrating in a globalised economy. This book is the first of its kind with a comprehensive analysis of climate change experiences in West African drylands, with attention for pathways of change and the diversity of adaptation options available. This book is of interest to scientists studying global and climate change, especially dealing with issues of adaptation. Social scientists, economists, geographers and policy makers concerned with West Africa should also read this book.