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Evolution Of Vulnerability

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Evolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability Book
Author : David C. Geary
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-07-28
ISBN : 0128017473
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes

Disasters and History

Disasters and History Book
Author : Bas van Bavel,Daniel R. Curtis,Jessica Dijkman,Matthew Hannaford,Maïka de Keyzer,Eline van Onacker,Tim Soens
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-10-22
ISBN : 1108477178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offers the first comprehensive overview of research into hazards and disasters from a historical perspective. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.

Vulnerability

Vulnerability Book
Author : Catriona Mackenzie,Wendy Rogers,Susan Dodds
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0199316651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume breaks new ground by investigating the ethics of vulnerability. Drawing on various ethical traditions, the contributors explore the nature of vulnerability, the responsibilities owed to the vulnerable, and by whom.

Evolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability Book
Author : David C. Geary
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-09-01
ISBN : 9780128015629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals' ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection-mate competition and choice-and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer's disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes

People and Climate Change

People and Climate Change Book
Author : Lisa Reyes Mason,Jonathan Rigg
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-04-02
ISBN : 0190886463
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is a profoundly social and political challenge that threatens the well-being, livelihood, and survival of people in communities worldwide. Too often, those who have contributed least to climate change are the most likely to suffer from its negative consequences and are often excluded from the policy discussions and decisions that affect their lives. People and Climate Change pays particular attention to the social dimensions of climate change. It closely examines people's lived experience, climate-related injustice and inequity, why some groups are more vulnerable than others, and what can be done about it--especially through greater community inclusion in policy change. The book offers a diverse range of rich, community-based examples from across the "Global North" and "Global South" (e.g., sacrificial flood zones in urban Argentina, forced relocation of United Houma tribal members in the United States, gendered water insecurities in Bangladesh and Australia) while posing social and political questions about climate change (e.g., what can be done about the unequal consequences of climate change by questioning and transforming social institutions and arrangements?). It serves as an essential resource for practitioners, policymakers, and undergraduate-/graduate-level educators of courses in environmental studies, social work, urban studies, planning, geography, sociology, and other disciplines that address matters of climate and environmental change.

Human Being Risk

Human Being   Risk Book
Author : Mark Coeckelbergh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-02-15
ISBN : 9400760256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whereas standard approaches to risk and vulnerability presuppose a strict separation between humans and their world, this book develops an existential-phenomenological approach according to which we are always already beings-at-risk. Moreover, it is argued that in our struggle against vulnerability, we create new vulnerabilities and thereby transform ourselves as much as we transform the world. Responding to the discussion about human enhancement and information technologies, the book then shows that this dynamic-relational approach has important implications for the evaluation of new technologies and their risks. It calls for a normative anthropology of vulnerability that does not ask which objective risks are acceptable, how we can become invulnerable, or which technologies threaten human nature, but which vulnerability transformations we want. To the extent that we can steer the growth of new technologies at all, this tragic and sometimes comic project should therefore be guided by what we want to become.​

A Vulnerable System

A Vulnerable System Book
Author : Andrew J. Stewart
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 9781501758942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Vulnerable System book written by Andrew J. Stewart, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Caring for the Vulnerable Perspectives in Nursing Theory Practice and Research

Caring for the Vulnerable  Perspectives in Nursing Theory  Practice  and Research Book
Author : Mary De Chesnay,Barbara Anderson
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2008
ISBN : 076375109X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organized into seven units - concepts, nursing theories, research, practice, programs, teaching-learning and policy - this text offers a broad focus on vulnerability and vulnerable populations in addition to extending nurses' thinking on the theoretical formulations that guide practice. It is a timely and necessary response to the culturally diverse vulnerable populations for whom nurses must provide appropriate and precise care.

The Evolution of Vulnerability Analysis

The Evolution of Vulnerability Analysis Book
Author : Elias Riggs Monfort
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Evolution of Vulnerability Analysis book written by Elias Riggs Monfort, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Being and Vulnerability

Human Being and Vulnerability Book
Author : Joseph Sverker
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2020-11-24
ISBN : 3838213416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Joseph Sverker explores the division between social constructivism and a biologist essentialism by means of Christian theology. For this, Sverker uses a fascinating approach: He lets critical theorist Judith Butler, psycholinguist Steven Pinker, and systematic theologian Colin Gunton interact. While theology plays a central part to make the interaction possible, the context is also that of the school and the effect of institutions on the pupil as a human being and learner. In order to understand what underlies the division between nature and nurture, or biology and the social in school, Sverker develops new central concepts such as a kenotic personalism, a weak ontology of relationality, and a relational and performative reading of evolution. He argues that most fundamental for what it is to be human is the person, vulnerability, bodiliness, openness to the other, and dependence. Sverker concludes that the division between constructivism and essentialism discloses a deeper divide, namely that between fundamentally vulnerable persons on the one hand and constructed independent individuals on the other.

Ecophysiological Analysis of Vulnerability to Climate Warming in Ectotherms

Ecophysiological Analysis of Vulnerability to Climate Warming in Ectotherms Book
Author : Lin Zhang,Buddhi Dayananda,Bao-jun Sun,Jigang Xia
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-09-16
ISBN : 2889769887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ecophysiological Analysis of Vulnerability to Climate Warming in Ectotherms book written by Lin Zhang,Buddhi Dayananda,Bao-jun Sun,Jigang Xia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards Book
Author : Birkmann
Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 9788179931226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards presents a broad range of current approaches to measuring vulnerability. It provides a comprehensive overview of different concepts at the global, regional, national, and local levels, and explores various schools of thought. More than 40 distinguished academics and practitioners analyse quantitative and qualitative approaches, and examine their strengths and limitations. This book contains concrete experiences and examples from Africa, Asia, the Americas and Europe to illustrate the theoretical analyses.The authors provide answers to some of the key questions on how to measure vulnerability and they draw attention to issues with insufficient coverage, such as the environmental and institutional dimensions of vulnerability and methods to combine different methodologies.This book is a unique compilation of state-of-the-art vulnerability assessment and is essential reading for academics, students, policy makers, practitioners, and anybody else interested in understanding the fundamentals of measuring vulnerability. It is a critical review that provides important conclusions which can serve as an orientation for future research towards more disaster resilient communities.

Vulnerability in a Mobile World

Vulnerability in a Mobile World Book
Author : Helen Forbes-Mewett
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 178756911X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Populations across the world are becoming increasingly mobile for many different reasons. Some are searching for a better and safer life, others migrate for economic or environmental purposes, education, or identity formation. While mobility may bring better life-chances, this book shows that for some it means experiencing vulnerability.

Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia

Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia Book
Author : Ademola K. Braimoh,He Qing Huang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-09-12
ISBN : 1118854918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of landsystems vulnerability assessment in Asia - fundamental to theunderstanding of the link between global change, environmentalsustainability and human wellbeing. The extent and intensity ofhuman interactions with the environment have increasedspectacularly since the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the globalchange research community and development practitionersincreasingly recognize the need to address the adverse consequencesof changes taking place in the structure and function of thebiosphere and the implications for society. With a focus onAsia, this book provides an overview of the vulnerability of landsystems and the subsequent multiple stressors in this region. Thebook offers a discussion surrounding the potential causal processesthat affect land systems vulnerability and our capacity to copewith different perturbations. It also identifies factors that helpto integrate vulnerability assessment into policy anddecision-making. • Addresses the complex issues arising fromhuman–environment interactions that cannot be satisfactorilydealt with by core disciplinary methods alone. • Key coverage of a variety of topics from thevulnerability of smallholder agriculture and urban systems to theimpact of socioeconomic processes at the sub-regional level. • Coverage of the causal processes that affect landsystems vulnerability and capacity to cope with differentperturbations are documented. • Focus on integrating vulnerability assessment intopolicies and decision-making • Includes contributions from leading academics in thefield.

Climate Vulnerability

Climate Vulnerability Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-03-15
ISBN : 0123847044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change has been the subject of thousands of books and magazines, scientific journals, and newspaper articles daily. It’s a subject that can be very political and emotional, often blurring the lines between fact and fiction. The vast majority of research, studies, projections and recommendations tend to focus on the human influence on climate change and global warming as the result of CO2 emissions, often to the exclusion of other threats that include population growth and the stress placed on energy sources due to emerging global affluence. Climate Vulnerability seeks to strip away the politics and emotion that surround climate change and will assess the broad range of threats using the bottom up approach—including CO2 emissions, population growth, emerging affluence, and many others—to our five most critical resources: water, food, ecosystems, energy, and human health. Inclusively determining what these threats are while seeking preventive measures and adaptations is at the heart of this unique reference work. Takes a Bottom-Up approach, addressing climate change and the threat to our key resources at the local level first and globally second, providing a more accurate and inclusive approach. Includes extensive cross-referencing, which is key to readers as new connections between factors can be discovered. Cuts across a number of disciplines and will appeal to Biological Science, Earth & Environmental Science, Ecology, and Social Science, comprehensively addressing climate change and other threats to our key resources from multiple perspectives

Attentiveness to Vulnerability

Attentiveness to Vulnerability Book
Author : Daniel J. Fleming
Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release : 2019-04-24
ISBN : 153260663X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an attempt to develop a dialogue between the philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas, Jean Porter’s Thomistic theory of the natural law, and the virtue of solidarity as expressed in Catholic Social Teaching. It seeks to explore the implications that such a dialogue would have for our understanding of moral reasoning. Attentiveness to Vulnerability rests on the hypothesis that it is possible to develop a set of robust links between these thinkers and bodies of thought—markedly different as they are in terms of philosophical disposition and framework. Such links specify the ethical implications of Levinas’ thought and develop Porter’s theory in an original way. This work requires further specification through a developed anthropology, which allows for expansion within the tradition of Catholic theological ethics. The inclusion of Levinas and a focus on the virtue of solidarity allows for an advancement of virtue theory and theological ethics, to the extent that the virtue of solidarity becomes a key aspect of any ethical reasoning.

Social Vulnerability to Disasters

Social Vulnerability to Disasters Book
Author : Deborah S.K. Thomas,Brenda D. Phillips,Alice Fothergill,Lynn Blinn-Pike
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-08-10
ISBN : 1420078577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the world has watched in horror as tsunamis, earthquakes, and hurricanes have wrought havoc across countries and continents. While these events have different circumstances, they share a common factor: the overwhelming majority of victims are women, children, elderly, disadvantaged, or disabled. Evidence gathered from these events

Single women land and livelihood vulnerability in a communal area in Zimbabwe

Single women  land and livelihood vulnerability in a communal area in Zimbabwe Book
Author : Gaynor Gamuchirai Makura-Paradza
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2010-06-01
ISBN : 9086867006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been limited research on single women in customary tenure areas. Single women's experiences have been marginalized in research that focuses on notions of property, male headed domestic units and relies on normative research methods to investigate resource access in the communal farming areas of Zimbabwe. This work focuses on the hearth-hold as a domestic unit and uses innovative research methods to investigate how women outside the marriage institution negotiate access to land, livelihood resources and make decisions to cope with livelihood vulnerability in customary tenure areas. The research illustrates through a focus on pathways and rural-urban connections how single women make decisions to secure livelihoods under fast changing conditions. The findings that patriarchy is only one but not the only institution governing land access in customary tenure areas and that women have more room to negotiate land access in communal areas especially through entitlements, family obligations and exploitation of multi-layered tenure systems are some of the publication's contribution to knowledge on single women, customary land tenure and livelihood vulnerability.