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Evidence Based Climate Science

Evidence Based Climate Science Book
Author : Don Easterbrook
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-16
ISBN : 0128045892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evidence-Based Climate Science: Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming, Second Edition, includes updated data related to the causes of global climate change from experts in meteorology, geology, atmospheric physics, solar physics, geophysics, climatology, and computer modeling. This book objectively gathers and analyzes scientific data concerning patterns of past climate changes, influences of changes in ocean temperatures, the effect of solar variation on global climate, and the effect of CO2 on global climate. This analysis is then presented as counter-evidence to the theory that CO2 is the primary cause behind global warming. Increasingly, scientists are pointing to data which suggests that climate changes are a result of natural cycles, which have been occurring for thousands of years. Unfortunately, global warming has moved into the political realm without enough peer-reviewed research to fully validate and exclude other, more natural, causes of climate change. For example, there is an absence of any physical evidence that CO2 causes global warming, so the only argument for CO2 as the cause of warming rests entirely in computer modeling. Thus, the question becomes, how accurate are the computer models in predicting climate? What other variables could be missing from the models? In order to understand modern climate changes, we need to look at the past history of climate changes. Vast amounts of physical evidence of climate change over the past centuries and millennia have been gathered by scientists. Significant climate changes have clearly been going on for many thousands of years, long before the recent rise in atmospheric CO2 Evidence-Based Climate Science, Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming, Second Edition, documents past climate changes and presents physical evidence for possible causes. Provides scientific evidence for issues related to global climate change that is not readily available elsewhere Offers detailed analysis of temperature measurements with the goal of helping readers to understand conflicting claims about global warming heard every day in the news media Presents real-time data on polar ice Presents the real-time effect of CO2 on global warming, rather than forecasts based on computer models

Climate Change Science A Modern Synthesis

Climate Change Science  A Modern Synthesis Book
Author : G. Thomas Farmer,John Cook
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-01-12
ISBN : 9400757573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to the principles of climate change science with an emphasis on the empirical evidence for climate change and a warming world. Additional readings are given at the end of each chapter. A list of "Things to Know" opens each chapter. Chapters are arranged so that the student is first introduced to the scientific method(s), examples of the use of the scientific method from other sciences drawn from the history of science with an emphasis on climate science. Climate science is treated in each chapter based on the premise of global warming. Chapter treatments on the atmosphere. biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and anthroposphere and their inter-relationships are given.

Climate Adaptation Policy and Evidence

Climate Adaptation Policy and Evidence Book
Author : Peter Tangney
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-28
ISBN : 1351978489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evidence-based policymaking is often promoted within liberal democracies as the best means for government to balance political values with technical considerations. Under the evidence-based mandate, both experts and non-experts often assume that policy problems are sufficiently tractable and that experts can provide impartial and usable advice to government so that problems like climate change adaptation can be effectively addressed; at least, where there is political will to do so. This book compares the politics and science informing climate adaptation policy in Australia and the UK to understand how realistic these expectations are in practice. At a time when both academics and practitioners have repeatedly called for more and better science to anticipate climate change impacts and, thereby, to effectively adapt, this book explains why a dearth of useful expert evidence about future climate is not the most pressing problem. Even when it is sufficiently credible and relevant for decision-making, climate science is often ignored or politicised to ensure the evidence-based mandate is coherent with prevailing political, economic and epistemic ideals. There are other types of policy knowledge too that are, arguably, much more important. This comparative analysis reveals what the politics of climate change mean for both the development of useful evidence and for the practice of evidence-based policymaking.

Climate Change Examining the Facts

Climate Change  Examining the Facts Book
Author : Daniel Bedford,John Cook
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
Release : 2016-07-18
ISBN : 1440835691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is one of the most controversial and misunderstood issues of the 21st century. This book provides a clear understanding of the issue by presenting scientific facts to refute falsehoods and misinformation—and to confirm the validity of other assertions. • Provides a broad overview of the subject of climate change that is specifically written to be accessible and interesting for senior high school or introductory college-level audiences • Presents a comprehensive explanation of the science of climate change that directly addresses widely held misconceptions head-on—a strategy that has been demonstrated in education research to be more effective in dispelling myths and advancing student learning than straight fact-based teaching • Focuses on providing quantifiable, evidence-based information on climate change—and acknowleding instances when conflicting data exists—from the most reputable and qualified sources

Cranky Uncle Vs Climate Change

Cranky Uncle Vs  Climate Change Book
Author : John Cook
Publisher : Citadel Press
Release : 2020-02-25
ISBN : 9780806540276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the founder of the award-winning website, Skeptical Science, which has more than 300,000 visitors a month and over 190,000 Facebook fans, and has gotten attention from President Obama, John Oliver, Rachel Maddow, Jimmy Kimmel and many others (and attacked by climate contrarians like Ted Cruz and Rick Santorum), a fully-illustrated, accessible, visually engaging, and science-based look at the psychology of typical arguments used by climate change deniers alongside strategic evidence-based tactics on how to constructively respond to their claims. CRANKY UNLCES VS. CLIMATE CHANGE combines humor, cartoons, and science to make sense of the public controversy about climate change. We all have a family member who thinks they know better than the world's climate scientists. CRANKY UNCLES delves into the psychology of why some people reject climate science, dissects the typical arguments your cranky uncle might use at family gatherings, and outlines how to respond to climate science denial. Guided by psychological research into how to communicate science and how to refute misinformation, it features a recurring Cranky Uncle character that epitomizes the older, white conservative male typically associated with climate science denial, an anthropomorphized (and understandably stressed out ) Earth, and an exasperated scientist. While following the science, CRANKY UNCLES also embraces a creative approach, using cartoons and visual analogies to make the science engaging and accessible to readers.

Seasonal Forecasts Climatic Change and Human Health

Seasonal Forecasts  Climatic Change and Human Health Book
Author : Madeleine C. Thomson,Ricardo Garcia-Herrera,Martin Beniston
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-04-30
ISBN : 1402068778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Awareness that many aspects of public health are influenced by climate is growing dramatically. Results presented at the Wengen conference make clear that the science and art of integrating climate knowledge into the control of climate sensitive diseases on a year to year time frame, as well as careful assessments of the potential impacts of climate change on health outcomes over longer time frames, is advancing rapidly. This book provides a snapshot of these emerging themes.

Creative Climate Communications

Creative  Climate  Communications Book
Author : Maxwell Boykoff
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-06-30
ISBN : 1107195381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through this assessment of creative (climate) communications, readers will understand what works where, when, why and under what conditions.

Climate Science

Climate Science Book
Author : Science And Tran Committee on Commerce
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2017-07-30
ISBN : 9781974002153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The scientific method is regarded as the foundation of modern science. It ensures that scientific experimentation is neither arbitrary nor subjective, and that results can be replicated. Scientific evidence of human-induced climate change rapidly increased through the 1970s. By 1982, even oil giant Exxon's own scientists were reporting to management that climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions was likely to occur, and that the effects of this climate change could be catastrophic. Since the early 1980s when Exxon internally acknowledged the reality of climate change, the scientific evidence confirming human caused climate change has piled up at an incredible rate. The current scientific consensus on human caused climate change is based on thousands of scientific studies conducted by thousands of scientists all across the globe. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, which is composed of scientists from around the world, has concluded that warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and that it is extremely likely that human influence was the dominant cause of global warming. The IPCC is not alone. The National Academies of Sciences has reached the same conclusion. The national academies of sciences in virtually every major country on Earth has endorsed the IPCC's central conclusions on climate change. Most relevant scientific societies, including AAAS, the American Physical Society, the American Geophysical Union, the American Meteorological Society, and a host of others have also affirmed the overwhelming scientific evidence for human-caused climate change.

Climate Change Science A Modern Synthesis

Climate Change Science  A Modern Synthesis Book
Author : G. Thomas Farmer,John Cook
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-28
ISBN : 9789400797321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to the principles of climate change science with an emphasis on the empirical evidence for climate change and a warming world. Additional readings are given at the end of each chapter. A list of "Things to Know" opens each chapter. Chapters are arranged so that the student is first introduced to the scientific method(s), examples of the use of the scientific method from other sciences drawn from the history of science with an emphasis on climate science. Climate science is treated in each chapter based on the premise of global warming. Chapter treatments on the atmosphere. biosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and anthroposphere and their inter-relationships are given.

The Inquisition of Climate Science

The Inquisition of Climate Science Book
Author : James Lawrence Powell
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 0231527845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modern science is under the greatest and most successful attack in recent history. An industry of denial, abetted by news media and "info-tainment" broadcasters more interested in selling controversy than presenting facts, has duped half the American public into rejecting the facts of climate science—an overwhelming body of rigorously vetted scientific evidence showing that human-caused, carbon-based emissions are linked to warming the Earth. The industry of climate science denial is succeeding: public acceptance has declined even as the scientific evidence for global warming has increased. It is vital that the public understand how anti-science ideologues, pseudo-scientists, and non-scientists have bamboozled them. We cannot afford to get global warming wrong—yet we are, thanks to deniers and their methods. The Inquisition of Climate Science is the first book to comprehensively take on the climate science denial movement and the deniers themselves, exposing their lack of credentials, their extensive industry funding, and their failure to provide any alternative theory to explain the observed evidence of warming. In this book, readers meet the most prominent deniers while dissecting their credentials, arguments, and lack of objectivity. James Lawrence Powell shows that the deniers use a wide variety of deceptive rhetorical techniques, many stretching back to ancient Greece. Carefully researched, fully referenced, and compellingly written, his book clearly reveals that the evidence of global warming is real and that an industry of denial has deceived the American public, putting them and their grandchildren at risk.

Evidence Based Public Health

Evidence Based Public Health Book
Author : Ross C. Brownson,Elizabeth A. Baker,Anjali D. Deshpande,Kathleen N. Gillespie
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 0190620951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The acclaimed textbook for navigating the practice and challenges of public health, now updated and completely revised "It should be recommended or assigned to all students in public health." -American Journal of Epidemiology The practice of public health would be easier if all the decisions could just be based on science. The reality, of course, is that many choices have to account for short-term demands, meaning that some policies and programs are rooted in anecdotal evidence or limited resources. In these circumstances, an evidence-based approach -- emphasizing available data and analytics while leveraging individual skills and an optimized organizational climate -- is a public health practitioner's best tool for effective decision making. This fully revised and updated edition Evidence-Based Public Health offers an essential primer on how to choose, carry out, and evaluate evidence-based programs and policies in public health settings. It addresses not only how to locate and utilize scientific evidence, but also how to implement and evaluate interventions in a way that generates new evidence. Practical topics covered in this light include: · conducting community assessment · developing an initial statement of issue (and quantifying it) · using scientific literature and systematic reviews · creating an action plan and implementing interventions · evaluating programs and policies An indispensable volume for professionals, students, and researchers in the public health sciences and preventive medicine, this newly updated edition of the classic textbook empowers readers to identify and apply the most compelling evidence available.

The War on Science

The War on Science Book
Author : Shawn Otto
Publisher : Milkweed Editions
Release : 2016-06-07
ISBN : 1571319522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An “insightful” and in-depth look at anti-science politics and its deadly results (Maria Konnikova, New York Times–bestselling author of The Biggest Bluff). Thomas Jefferson said, “Wherever the people are well informed, they can be trusted with their own government.” But what happens when they aren’t? From climate change to vaccinations, transportation to technology, health care to defense, we are in the midst of an unprecedented expansion of scientific progress—and a simultaneous expansion of danger. At the very time we need them most, scientists and the very idea of objective knowledge are being bombarded by a vast, well-funded war on science, and the results are deadly. Whether it’s driven by identity politics, ideology, or industry, the result is an unprecedented erosion of thought in Western democracies as voters, policymakers, and justices actively ignore scientific evidence, leaving major policy decisions to be based more on the demands of the most strident voices. This compelling book investigates the historical, social, philosophical, political, and emotional reasons why evidence-based politics are in decline and authoritarian politics are once again on the rise on both left and right—and provides some compelling solutions to bring us to our collective senses, before it's too late. “If you care about attacks on climate science and the rise of authoritarianism, if you care about biased media coverage and shake-your-head political tomfoolery, this book is for you.”—The Guardian

The Politics of Evidence Based Policy Making

The Politics of Evidence Based Policy Making Book
Author : Paul Cairney
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-11
ISBN : 1137517816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Politics of Evidence Based Policymaking identifies how to work with policymakers to maximize the use of scientific evidence. Policymakers cannot consider all evidence relevant to policy problems. They use two shortcuts: ‘rational’ ways to gather enough evidence, and ‘irrational’ decision-making, drawing on emotions, beliefs, and habits. Most scientific studies focus on the former. They identify uncertainty when policymakers have incomplete evidence, and try to solve it by improving the supply of information. They do not respond to ambiguity, or the potential for policymakers to understand problems in very different ways. A good strategy requires advocates to be persuasive: forming coalitions with like-minded actors, and accompanying evidence with simple stories to exploit the emotional or ideological biases of policymakers.

The Role of the IPCC in the Understanding of Climate Change

The Role of the IPCC in the Understanding of Climate Change Book
Author : Patrick Kimuyu
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2017-11-06
ISBN : 3668563691
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Essay from the year 2016 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Environmental Policy, grade: 1, Egerton University (Public Health), course: Climate Change, language: English, abstract: Climate change seems to be a unique phenomenon owing to the numerous controversies surrounding it. This is why there exists a great divide between environmentalists and their challengers over the issue of climate change. To the present, the debate on climate change has taken diverse perspectives in which the critical issue is whether climate change is a factual or false phenomenon. In order to enhance understanding over the issue of climate change, a number of international agencies have been formed. One of the most proactive agencies that have immense contribution to the issue is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). This scientific intergovernmental body was established in 1988 by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). Following its endorsement by the UN General Assembly the same year, IPCC became one of the organizations under the auspices of the UN. Its core responsibility is to review and assess scientific, socio-economic and technical information related to climate change and prepare assessment reports for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Its reports focus on the risks of human-induced climate change, as well as, its potential socio-economic and environmental impacts. As such, IPCC reports propose the most appropriate mitigation approaches to climate change. Since its inception, IPCC has contributed immensely to the assessment of climate change. Therefore, this paper provides a comprehensive discussion on IPCC’s contribution to the climate change debate. It will also present a critical assessment of the linkage between the agency’s values and interests, its advocacy positions and its use of science.

Climate Change Education in Formal Settings K 14

Climate Change Education in Formal Settings  K 14 Book
Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Steering Committee on Climate Change Education in Formal Settings, K-14
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-11-02
ISBN : 0309260167
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is occurring, is very likely caused by human activities, and poses significant risks for a broad range of human and natural systems. Each additional ton of greenhouse gases emitted commits us to further change and greater risks. In the judgment of the Committee on America's Climate Choices, the environmental, economic, and humanitarian risks of climate change indicate a pressing need for substantial action to limit the magnitude of climate change and to prepare to adapt to its impacts. A principal message from the recent National Research Council report, America's Climate Choices, this brief summary of how climate change will shape many aspects of life in the foreseeable future emphasizes the vital importance of preparation for these changes. The report points to the importance of formal and informal education in supporting the public's understanding of those challenges climate change will bring, and in preparing current and future generations to act to limit the magnitude of climate change and respond to those challenges. Recognizing both the urgency and the difficulty of climate change education, the National Research Council, with support from the National Science Foundation, formed the Climate Change Education Roundtable. The roundtable brings together federal agency representatives with diverse experts and practitioners in the physical and natural sciences, social sciences, learning sciences, environmental education, education policy, extension education and outreach, resource management, and public policy to engage in discussion and explore educational strategies for addressing climate change. Two workshops were held to survey the landscape of climate change education. The first explored the goals for climate change education for various target audiences. The second workshop, which is the focus of this summary, was held on August 31 and September 1, 2011, and focused on the teaching and learning of climate change and climate science in formal education settings, from kindergarten through the first two years of college (K-14). This workshop, based on an already articulated need to teach climate change education, provided a forum for discussion of the evidence from research and practice. The goal of this workshop was to raise and explore complex questions around climate change education, and to address the current status of climate change education in grade K-14 of the formal education system by facilitating discussion between expert researchers and practitioners in complementary fields, such as education policy, teacher professional development, learning and cognitive science, K-12 and higher education administration, instructional design, curriculum development, and climate science. Climate Change Education in Formal Settings, K-14: A Workshop Summary summarizes the two workshops.

Better Science for Forestry

Better Science for Forestry Book
Author : Gillian Petrokofsky
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ABSTRACT: As society's demands for goods and services from forests increase, there is a corresponding increase in demand for high quality science which can help shape forestry policies for the sustainable management of natural resources. Forestry research is now undertaken in a very diverse Range of institutions. The increased outputs from researchers in domains other than traditional forestry schools have not been matched by systematic methods of utilising new or existing information for policy or to identify future research needs that reflect the priorities of people in forestry's extended networks. An analysis of academic papers and informal articles indicated that the term 'evidence- based' is widely used in environmental literature, matching the rates of popularity of the term 'evidence-based medicine', but without the rigorous methodological processes that medicine has adopted to justify the phrase. Two strands of participatory research were undertaken to examine the potential for adopting rigorous evidence-based frameworks for forestry. The first focussed on a process for identifying important questions for policy-focussed forestry research. Using a combination of internet-based surveys and a workshop, some 480 people representing broad interests in the UKforestry sector set out a priority list of research questions. In the second, a group of international researchers and policy makers explored the possibility of using systematic reviews for validating the evidence base for carbon stock assessment under the REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) process. The results indicate that there is capacity to collaborate to frame questions and critically appraise evidence for important policy issues. The longer-term benefits of adopting gold-standard systematic reviews are clear, however, there are also short-term advantages to be gained from moving incrementally towards this goal. In the aftermath of society's concerns about possible manipulation of science by experts (in the climate science arena), it would be folly for the forestry sector to ignore the benefits that would accrue from adopting genuinely evidence-based procedures for matters of global significance.

Effects of Climate Change on Forests

Effects of Climate Change on Forests Book
Author : Fabrizio D'Aprile,Piermaria Corona
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-12-15
ISBN : 9780128150245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Effects of Climate Change on Forests presents concepts, case studies and application of theories about forest management under climate change. The reader will gain an understanding on how forest planning and management ties into the ecological functioning and resilience of the forest, by following the variability in growth (or other processes) over time, a concept weakly implemented in traditional forest planning. This shift in focus has significant benefits, not only better incorporating the services provided by forests but opens up for better adaptation planning to help temperate forests to not only survive but thrive in the face of climate change. Real world case studies demonstrate how to effectively manage temperate forests under climate change, using evidence-based research results Outlines innovative tools to evaluate and assess forest management plans Provides guidelines and criteria for forest planning, sustainability and management to adapt to climate change Assists the reader to develop comprehensive forest management plans, complete with sylvicultural interventions, which account for the uncertainties of climate change Ties directly into A for Climate project from the EU Commission as part of Horizon 2020

Review of the Draft Climate Science Special Report

Review of the Draft Climate Science Special Report Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee to Review the Draft Climate Science Special Report
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-06-30
ISBN : 0309456649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is moving towards a sustained assessment process that allows for more fluid and consistent integration of scientific knowledge into the mandated quadrennial National Climate Assessment. As part of this process, the USGCRP is developing the Climate Science Special Report (CSSR), a technical report that details the current state-of-science relating to climate change and its physical impacts. The CSSR is intended to focus on climate change in the United States and to inform future USGCRP products. Review of the Draft Climate Science Special Report assesses whether the draft CSSR accurately presents the scientific literature in an understandable, transparent and traceable way; whether the CSSR authors handled the data, analyses, and statistical approaches in an appropriate manner; and the effectiveness of the report in conveying the information clearly for the intended audience. This report provides recommendations for how the draft CSSR could be strengthened.

Coastal Zone Management

Coastal Zone Management Book
Author : Mu Ramkumar,Arthur James,David Menier,Kumaraswamy K
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 0128143517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coastal Zone Management: Global Perspectives, Regional Processes, Local Issues brings together a vast range of interdisciplinary data on coastal zones in a concise, yet exhaustive format that will be useful to students, researchers, and teachers. The book contains several focused sections, all of which include individual chapters written by subject experts with considerable experience in their fields of research. Each chapter presents the latest research and status of its focus, with a concluding endnote on future trends. Topics covered in the book include the sea level and climate changes, evolution of coastlines, land-use dynamics and coastal hazards mitigation and management. The global coast has faced the force of both climate hange and natural disasters, which continue to result in the loss of human life and degradation of quality of the coastal environment. Coastal Zone Management: Global Perspectives, Regional Processes, Local Issues provides the latest developments and key strategies to tackle this in a single comprehensive volume. It is an essential reference for scientists and researchers well-read on coastal zones, as well as those new to the subject. Presents a unique compilation of contributed chapters, including a focus on methodology, case studies, stategy, and policy, acting as a one-source reference for students, teachers, researchers and administrators. Discusses challenges at local levels in order to help interpret regional processes that have global ramifications. Provides a database for scientists working on research topics related to coastal zone management.

Communicating Climate Science HC 254

Communicating Climate Science   HC 254 Book
Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Science and Technology Committee,Andrew Miller
Publisher : The Stationery Office
Release : 2014-04-02
ISBN : 0215070623
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Government is failing to clearly and effectively communicate climate science to the public. There is little evidence of co-ordination amongst Government, government agencies and public bodies on communicating climate science, despite various policies at national and regional level to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The mandate to act on climate can only be maintained if the electorate are convinced that the Government is acting on the basis of strong scientific evidence. Ministers therefore need to do more to demonstrate that is the case and consistently reflect the Government approach in all their communications, especially with the media. The report also criticises the BBC for its reporting on the issue. It points out that BBC News teams continue to make mistakes in their coverage of climate science by giving opinions and scientific fact the same weight. The BBC is called to develop clear editorial guidelines for all commentators and presenters on the facts of climate that should be used to challenge statements, from either side of the climate policy debate, that stray too far from the scientific facts. It is important that climate science is presented separately from any subsequent policy response. Government should work with the learned societies and national academies to develop a source of information on climate science that is discrete from policy delivery, comprehensible to the general public and responsive to both current developments and uncertainties in the science